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๐Ÿ’ฏ Tesla Model X โ€ข 100 kWh Battery Range Math ๐Ÿ’ฏ 289 Miles EPA Range = 195 Miles Real Range ๐Ÿ’ฏ

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๐Ÿ’ฏ Tesla Motors Announced Today, Aug 23rd, the Most Powerful 100 kWh LiON Battery Pack; TESLA is replacing existing 90 kWh Battery sooner than expected. Tesla 100 kWh Battery delivers 289 EPA rated Miles for the Model X, and 315 EPA rated Miles for the Model S (the 90 kWh Model X has 257 EPA rated Miles, and 294 EPA rated Miles for Model S).

๐Ÿ’ฏ The New Model S P100D with Ludicrous mode is now the 3rd fastest accelerating production car ever produced, with a 0-60 mph time of 2.5 seconds. However, both the LaFerrari and the Porsche 918 Spyder were limited production runs, both million dollar vehicles, currently out of production, and cannot be bought new. While those cars are totally different vehicles, both small 2-seaters with very little luggage space; Tesla Cars are Pure-Electric, with the all-wheel drive Model S P100D has 4 doors, seats 5 adults plus 2 children, with exceptional cargo capacity.

๐Ÿ’ฏ Tesla has updated their Design Studio with the New P100D configurations for the Model X and Model S Cars. https://www.tesla.com/modelx/design

๐Ÿ’ฏ The 100 kWh battery also increases the Model S range to 315 miles rated by the EPA, making it the first “All Electric Production Car” to go beyond 300 EPA rated miles, and the longest range production electric vehicle ever produced. This is undeniably a huge achievement.

๐Ÿ’ฏ Tesla 100 kWh battery pack is also available on the Model X, making the worldโ€™s Fastest SUV even Faster. Model X P100D with “Ludicrous mode” engaged, acceleration to 60 mph occurs in only 2.9 seconds. The Model X P100D enjoys an estimated 289 miles EPA rated, on a single Full Charge. Model X is a pure electric Luxury SUV weighing in at 5,200 pounds that seats 7 adults.

๐Ÿ’ฏ Tesla’s 100 kWh Battery is only available in the P100D “Performance” configuration which includes “Ludicrous Mode” which is the most expensive [$20,000] option in the list of extras. Displayed are three configurations that show three Designs using the 60D, 90D, and P100D configurations for the Model X, currently our favorite Tesla. Other than the Battery Capacity, the other options are consistent, namely, Autopilot, Smart Suspension, Sound System, Interior Upgrade, 6-Seats, White Leather, 72A Charger. This was done to display the Cost Changes for the higher capacity battery packs.

๐Ÿ’ฏ Model S and Model X have the Highest Ratings from NHTSA, both engineered to be the safest cars on the road. Both have access to the Tesla Supercharger network for the freedom to travel long distance for at no Cost to Charge. Every Tesla will receive improvements over time with free Over The Air Software Upgrades, a/k/a/ OTA Updates.

๐Ÿ’ฏ Incidentally Tesla customers who have already ordered a P90D Ludicrous Model S of Model X… but have not yet taken delivery, can upgrade to the 100 kWh pack for $10,000. Existing P90D Ludicrous owners who have taken delivery, can also upgrade to the 100 kWh pack, for $20,000, as their “Used” or “previously owned” 90 kWh packs will have to be recycled.

๐Ÿ’ฏ While the P100D with Ludicrous Mode is an expensive vehicle… Tesla emphasizes that every upscale sale helps Tesla to pay for the smaller and more affordable Tesla Model 3 Car, that is currently in development. Customers willing to buy the “top-of-the-line” Model S and X cars, Tesla reiterates, it is these Sales that are funding the Development of the smaller, more affordable Model 3 Car.

๐Ÿ’ฏ Model X D100P’s 289 Miles of Range sounds pretty good, But… and this is a really BIG BUT, 289 Miles of EPA Rated Range computes to just 195 Miles of real driving Range, once you take into account one’s use of the A/C, the Smart Suspension, the Climate System, and other accessories. Below, is a detailed explanation.

๐Ÿ’ฏ Therefore be Cautioned, if you want to drive your Tesla out of town periodically, it may be wise to select the Battery with THE MOST Capacity available, {As of 8/19/2016 the choices are 60 kWh, 75 kWh, 90 kWh, now add the 100 kWh Battery}, unless you have short commutes, run errands locally, and do not intend to take road trips.

๐Ÿ’ฏ Presently, there are not enough TESLA Super Charger Stations, to take the chance with a 195 mile range Car. Know this, 195 in real range is by far the highest real driving range commercially available in a production all-electric Car.

๐Ÿ’ฏ Tesla Model X Car with a 100 kWh Battery achieves 289 miles of EPA rated Range. But the “real drivable” Miles of Range is a figure significantly lower than 289. Let’s dissect the Range figure โ€“ In the First place, Tesla recommends “for the Health and Longevity of the Car’s LiON Battery, one should routinely charge the Battery to only 90%, unless you’re going on a trip, there goes -29 miles of range Off the Top.

๐Ÿ’ฏ With your Model X and Model S Cars, you have two choices, follow Tesla’s Battery Health Advice to routinely Charge to only 90%, or Charge to 100% and run the risk of Limiting the Useful Life of your Car’s LiON Battery. Generally, when Editors, Factories and Governments estimate range, it is assumed that accessories are turned OFF, (likely because they can’t all agree to a standard of which group of accessories are ON or OFF). Choosing “Accessories OFF” tends to inflate MPG Milage and Battery Range statistics.

๐Ÿ’ฏ For sure, we’re going to drive the beautiful Model X with the A/C running to 70ยบF… we’re going to use the $2500 Autopilot Driver Assist package, we’re also going to listen to the amazing $2500 optional Sound System, will use all the $4500 stunning interior Lighting, Air Purification, Creature Comfort systems, and use the $2500 Smart Suspension, and the other advanced systems.

๐Ÿ’ฏ Model X โ€“ Run Tesla’s Exciting Audio, Climate Control and other Advanced Systems mentioned โ€“ These systems will consume roughly 12% of the Car’s Power โ€“ this represents about -36 Miles of Range. We must also provide for a Fuel-Reserve similar to that employed in Gas Cars โ€“ there goes another -29 Miles of Range. These deductions in Battery Power, (or Range) add up…

๐Ÿ’ฏ In Sum, for Tesla’s New 100 kWh LiON Battery with an estimated 289 Mile EPA rated Range, is really 195 Miles of Range โ€“ the 100 kWh Battery {announced today} with a 289 Model X EPA rated Range, is really a Battery Pack with 195 Miles of Usable Driving Range. The devil is in the details.

๐Ÿ’ฏ Here is the Math, Range is: {289-(29+36+29)}=195. In Sum, these are the Range deductions from the Battery:

๐Ÿ”น Battery Health: -29 Mile Range
๐Ÿ”น Run the A/C: -36 Mile Range
๐Ÿ”น Fuel Reserve: -29 Mile Range
๐Ÿ”น Drivers should not enter the garage with zero power in the Battery, nor Zero Gas in the Tank. Of course, since Electric Car drivers generally have a Charger in the Garage. Drivers could take the risk and push the Reserve a bit. With the few number of Tesla Super Chargers, running out of “Juice” is risky business.

๐Ÿ’ฏ Tesla’s release of the 75 kWh Battery includes a “Software Switch” taking the 75 kWh capacity down to 60 kWh in effort to create “entry level” pricing for the Model X and S cars, to $74,000 and $66,000 respectively. Tesla also eliminated the 85 kWh battery months ago , and replaced it with their currently available 90 kWh battery… Presently the Model S D100P, 100 kWh Power Pack announced by Tesla today, scores an EPA rated Range of 325 Miles.

๐Ÿ’ฏ There is Definitely something Magical about 100 kWh of Power, particularly when it comes to Zero Emissions Automobile Power.

๐Ÿ’ฏ But there is something even More Magical: a Real 400 Mile Range! Some say, including Tesla Senior Management, that a 400 mile range may not be necessary. Bunk! However, converting 400 mile range, into a Gasoline Luxury car equivalent, requires a 21ยพ Gallon Fuel Tank, assuming a Luxury 4,200 pound Gasoline-Car can actually deliver 18MPG miles per gallon.

๐Ÿ’ฏ Most know that most Luxury cars do not actually achieve 18MPG performance, with a City/Highway, 55%/45% driving ratio. EPA milage ratings some say are a “Quasi-Hoax” promulgated by the Government and Domestic Auto Makers, what’s left of it. Remember, when ratings are “calculated” few Accessories and no Air Conditioning are running. Turn on the A/C and the accessories, you will experience a loss of -12% Range.

๐Ÿ’ฏ Conversely, Image a BMW or Mercedes Dealer saying a 13ยพ Gallon Fuel Tank is all you Need. Bunk! Similarly for the Model X 90D Car, with a 257 Mile Range for the Model X 90D is not sufficient. Turn on the A/C and a few Accessories, you loose -12% of your Range, then you’re down to 226 Mile Range.

๐Ÿ’ฏ Tesla recommends for the Health & Longevity of the LiON Battery, do not routinely charge the Battery over 90%, this is another -10% range deduction, bringing the Tesla Model X 90D’s 257 Mile Rated Battery, to a Range of 200 Miles, Bunk!

๐Ÿ’ฏ If Tesla had a 400 Mile Range Battery (a 125 kWh Battery) โ€“ How many Miles of Range do you really get. When one drives the Luxury Tesla Model X 125D, we surely are going to use all those exciting Accessories, the amazing Sound System, Lighting, and the Air Conditioner, for example; These accessories consume 12% of the Power, which equals 48 Miles of Range.

๐Ÿ’ฏ Tesla says “for the Health of your Battery don’t charge it Over 90%.” That’s another 40 miles of Range off the Top. We are not done yet. You cant take the risk of driving into your garage at ZERO miles, we need a “Fuel Reserve. “Lets set the electric fuel reserve to 10%, equals 40 Miles of Range. As there are Too Few Charging Stations currently, the reserve could be greater than 10%. Most Gasoline Cars set their “Emergency Fuel Light” to illuminate at 40-Mile-Reserve remaining in the Tank.

๐Ÿ’ฏ 400 Mile Battery is Really 272 Miles of Usable Range, [Requiring a 125 kWh Battery]. The Math for Miles of Range is simple but painful: Stated Range of 400 Miles, less 40 Miles for the Tesla recommended 10% charging factor, less 48 Miles for your use of Accessories, less 40 Miles for the Fuel Reserve. In Sum, your 400 Mile Battery is really only 272 Miles in Usable Range.

{400-[40+48+40]=272}. Therefore don’t get all Pumped Up even with a 400 Mile Range Battery, because it’s only a Driving Range of 272 Miles, about 68% of the EPA Rated Miles.

๐Ÿ’ฏ How about the Model X 60D’s EPA Range of 200 Miles. Let’s apply the 68% factor derived above, 200 Miles of EPA estimated Range, yields about 135 Miles of real drivable Range. If you are going to stay in Town running errands with a short commute to work, Fine; otherwise buyer beware in taking advantage of these more affordable Tesla cars.

๐Ÿ’ฏ 160,000 Gas Stations in the USA currently pumping Gas and Diesel Fuel, adding 350 to 400 Miles of Range into their Fuel Tanks, requiring less than 6 minutes for the Fill-Up. There are Far Fewer Fast Charging Stations [like less than 700] that exist across the USA to Fast Charge Tesla Electric Cars.

๐Ÿ’ฏ Presently there are NO “Public EV Car Chargers” that can “Pump Juice” for 400 Miles of Range in 5 Minutes, Not in 10 Minutes, Not in 20 Minutes, Not in 30, not in 40, 50, 60, 120 or 240 Minutes for a Fill-Up. Tesla’s Super Charger Stations (682 exist in the US as of August, 2016) currently are capable of delivering 300 miles of range in 70 minutes. This problem exists Today and likely for the next few years โ€“ all the more reason why TESLA and other EV Car makers, need to deliver 400-Mile Range Cars. Remember 400 EPA Miles of Range is actually 272 Miles of Drivable Range.

๐Ÿ’ฏ Two Battery Capacities for Tesla Model X and S, will likely be 75 kWh and 100 kWh sometime in 2016. However, 100 kWh Battery is likely not the end of the kWh “Race” โ€“ I’d rather call increasing Miles of Range a kWh Goal rather than a “race.” After all, it’s not really about kWh, it’s about Miles of (Drivable) Range, but these two terms Range and kWh Power are directly linked. Once the Model S and X achieve a Real 400 Miles of Range, stability with Tesla kWh Capacities will be achieved.

๐Ÿ’ฏ Model X and S Luxury Cars โ€“ Two Battery Capacities should be 75 kWh and 125 kWh, all other Capacities Software-enabled, if these configurations were up to me, which of course it’s not. IMHO here is a Huge Problem: Tesla Assessing a $8500 Premium to increase a 60 kWh Battery Capacity to 75 kWh. This $8500 premium Adds 39 Mile Range seems “ludicrous,” sorry for the word choice. Perhaps absurd or ridiculous would be better word choices.

๐Ÿ’ฏ Let’s add 39 Miles of Range for $8,500 โ€“ really, you’ve got to be kidding. Apparently the development costs for Tesla’s LiON Battery Pack is way “Out of Balance” with the Model X and Model S Cars’ Total Cost.

๐Ÿ’ฏ Tesla’s Marketing strategy currently is to Lower the Entry-level Cost of the Model S to around $66,000 and Model X to $74,000 in attempt to “convert” some of the Model 3 Reservation folks to Get the Model S and X Car NOW, rather than waiting 18 months for the Model 3.

๐Ÿ’ฏ In my opinion, TESLA really needs to Step-Up the LiON Battery Engineering efforts to increase LiON Power Capacities and Lower the Cost of the LiON Battery Pack. Surely, these are the Goals of their new, massive GigaFactory recently opened in Sparks, Nevada; Yes, the City’s name is Sparks.

๐Ÿ’ฏ TESLA needs to accommodate their Model “X and S early Adopters” with a 400 Mile Range Model X and S Cars, call these startup costs “an Investment for the Future of Tesla.” Many of the Model X and S cars are delivered on 36 month leases. When they come back at the lease maturity, the Next Tesla Owner or Lessee, may want a commuter Model X or S with modest Range, or the Next Owner, Lessee may want Max Range. Tesla cannot “hammer” the next owners with a $20,000 up-charge for 150 Miles of Range increase…

๐Ÿ’ฏ Tesla is lowering expectations on the Battery Range Issue, until they can deliver a Real 400 Driving Mile Range Battery. Tesla would have to release a 200 kWh Battery based on current motor technologies.

๐Ÿ’ฏ Tesla’s Model X and Model S Cars Run on 7,104 individual LiON Cells. It’s hard to Believe that Tesla’s 5,200 pound Luxury Car runs on thousands of Flash-Light batteries, literally 7 thousand of them. The currently discussed increase in capacity of the “LiON Battery” to the 100 kWh Capacity, albeit involving thousands of LiOn cells, is accomplished by re-Engineering the individual Cell structure and composition of rare-earths (in Tesla’s new Gigafactory) rather than simply adding more Cells.

๐Ÿ’ฏ Tesla Cars โ€“ Recall most of the entire “floor-board” for the Model X and Model S Cars, is a Steel-Encased array of 7,104 individual LiON cells, arranged into 16-modules of LiON batteries, where each module contains 444 LiON cells, delivering 25vDC. Each module contains 6 Rows of 74 LiON batteries.

๐Ÿ’ฏ Battery LiON Cells Count and the LiON Power Math, both relatively simple: The LiON battery Cell count for 16 Modules, each containing 444 LiON Cells: {16x(6×74)=7,104}. The Electric Math is simple too: 16 Modules delivering 25vDC each, equates to 400vDC: {16x25vDC=400vDC}. As to Power which equates Amps [times] Volts: 230 Amps at 400vDC delivers 92 kWh of Power. The Power Math: {230×400=92,000} Converting Watts of Power to kWh: {92,000 Watts-Hrs = 92 kWh}

๐Ÿ’ฏ A 100 kWh Battery will earn the Model S an EPA Range of 320 Miles, up from 288 miles with the 90 kWh battery. Earlier in 2016, Tesla removed the 85 kWh battery option on new orders [as of mid-May] and streamlined its Model S battery options to 70 kWh and 90 kWh, similar to what’s available on the Model X.

๐Ÿ’ฏ Think about this โ€“ imagine Buying a $95,000 luxury car with a 12.9 Gallon Gas tank โ€“ that’s a comparison to Tesla’s current Max Battery options today โ€“ it’s just NOT Enough Juice. Combine a 12.9 Gallon Gas Tank comparison with the lack of a suitable network of FAST CHARGER Stations, a true 400 mile range must be Tesla’s Target, a 125 kWh battery in my opinion.

๐Ÿ’ฏ Tesla’s GigaFactory has created a new LiON Cell: 20mm in diameter by 70mm tall, their unique 20700 LiON Cell. This new technology is reported to deliver 33% greater power than its sister cell the 18650 LiON Cell (used in the 2015 Model S cars), at no additional material cost. Therefore, if TESLA substitutes the 7,104 LiON 18650 cells with 7,104 LiON 20700 cells, then the Model S and Model X would have a 125kWh battery delivering a 400 mile range…

๐Ÿ’ฏ Tesla Model S Commuter Car. Those Model S drivers that desire a 200 Mile Range Car, fine, a 60kWh Battery is perfect for these drivers. My suggestion, build all Model S cars with a 100kWh battery (or a 125kWh battery) and “software-limit” its capacity to 60 kWh. After all, in three years or so, if the Next Model S Owner wants a longer range battery, the car already has a Longer-Range battery, which can be “software unlocked” from 60kWh.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla has a 100 kWh Battery “On the Bench” at their Nevada GigaFactory. A “technically inclined” member of the Tesla community, Jason Hughes, recently hacked into his [personally owned Model S] onboard [Car] computer software; Hughes uncovered a string of program-code referencing the “P100D” shield. Hughes asked [tweeted] @ElonMusk directly about the P100D reference, Musk did respond, however, without denying the P100D possibility.

๐Ÿ”˜ Range for the 100 kWh Battery โ€“ Let’s extrapolate for the 288 Mile range known for the 90 kWh Battery, results in 320 Mile Range for the 100 kWh battery. [(288รท90)x100=320] Extrapolating for a 125 kWh Battery whose range would be 400 Miles, [(288รท90)x125=400] Compare 400 Mile Electric Range to what you’d get with a Gas Tank [at 22 mpg], 125 kWh Battery is equivalent to a 18.2 Gallon Tank. BINGO, this is what we need., a LiON Battery that is equivalent to an 18.2 Gallon Gas Car’s Fuel Tank.

๐Ÿ”˜ 400 Mile Range with a 125 kWh Battery, is where Tesla LiON Battery Capacity really needs to be, IMHO. 400 Mile Range should be the “Standard” Battery-pack, with any Lower Range being the “lower price” option. [(288รท90)x125=400].

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Cars should have a 400 Mile rated Range, while the infrastructure of Tesla Chargers continues to expand. Plus it’s common knowledge that EPA ratings exclude operation of certain accessories like Air Conditioning. Turn on the A/C and Sound System, then the Model S Range drops by roughly 12%. Also Tesla recommends that users limit the filling of the battery routinely to “90%” to maximize battery-capacity-life. Therefor, even with an EPA rated 400 mile range, it’s effectively a 360 range, when using Accessories.

๐Ÿ”˜ GigaFactory, Reason #1 โ€“ Magic for Tesla’s Lithium Battery production. Tesla is pressing Hard to deliver hundreds of thousands of Cars per year in the near future. Currently Tesla’s 90 kWh Battery contains literally 7,104 rechargeable LiON Battery Cells [pictured at left], all lined up within 16 modules of 444 cells each.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla is Delivering 75,000 Cars per Year currently. This Year’s [2016] Production Level requires 533 Million LiON Battery Cells, capturing a significant portion of the entire World’s Supply-Line of Lithium Cells. As Tesla delivers more Cars, the demand for LiON Cells increases, if the Supply of LiON Cells remains stable, prices go Up. For Tesla to deliver their Cars at a reasonable Price, Tesla needs to Build both Cars and LiON Batteries.

๐Ÿ”˜ When Tesla Delivers 250,000 Cars late next year [2017 for example] this production level would require 1.77 Billion LiON Battery Cells, more than the entire World’s Supply-Line of Lithium Cells. This is precisely why Tesla built its own Battery Factory in Nevada. Why Nevada?

๐Ÿ”˜ Pure Energy Minerals Limited is under contract with Tesla Motors to mine the primary element continued in LiOn batteries, Lithium from local Nevada lithium mines, relatively close [200 mile circle] to the Factory. This is another reason for the location of their unique Battery Factory. Tesla has agreed to buy Lithium, actually 40,000 Tons of Lithium Hydroxide/Year, a byproduct of the mining process. Tesla chemists will then refine Lithium Hydroxide and purify the Lithium for use in LiON battery chemistry.

๐Ÿ”˜ GigaFactory Reason #2 โ€“ Tesla will Customize the Industry Standard 18650 Lithium Cell. Teslaโ€“Panasonic venture will “tweaked” the (A) 18650 LiON Cell, by making it 2mm larger in Diameter and 5mm taller, creating the new 20700 Cell and (B) tweaking the Anode, Cathode, and Chemistry of the Cell.

๐Ÿ”˜ Lithium Battery Development is a very Big Deal as we’re talking about several BILLION batteries Annually. The resultant increase in the Cell size [10%] will deliver 133% More Power without increasing cost due to up-scaling production. This is how Tesla gets to a 125 kWh Battery with the similar cost as the 90 kWh battery. The other benefit Tesla can deliver a 220 mile range battery [60 kWh] for the Model 3, at a significantly lower cost, relatively speaking.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla 120 kWh Battery is on the way, it’s a matter of when. This will Drive the Model S and X to a 400 mile range, the ideal comfort-range, particularly with everyone being “afraid of running out of juice.”

๐Ÿ”˜ Around Town, not many folks have issues with the 90 kWh Battery or the new 100 kWh capacity Battery, assuming they have home-garage chargers. However, if you are traveling 200 miles out of town, Current Tesla Capacities are NOT sufficient for COMFORT. When one spends $100k for a very attractive Car, a beautiful package of engineering…

๐Ÿ”˜ Worrying about your Model X Running out of Juice, is not where we want to be. We believe Elon Musk gets it, on this point.

๐Ÿ”˜ EPA determined Tesla Model S 90D Electric Car earned a Milage Rating: 101eMPG City : 107eMPG Highway, 103 eMPG overall. These figures are amazing for a 5,000+ pound luxury electric Car. eMPG is the petroleum-fuel-equivalency, for rating Electric Powered Cars. The 3 TESLA’s Electric Propulsion Cars, the Model-S, Model-X, and the new Model-3, Cost Lower than 3ยฝยข per Mile Driven for all Tesla Electric Cars [EPA Chart below].

Donation Link โ€“ In preparation of these articles, hours of research, image editing and the graphics used to amplify your reading. Tender Donation, use LINK Below

PayPal’s Donations Page
https://goo.gl/A9Qneb

๐Ÿ”‹ Fuel Cost for TESLA’s Electric Propulsion Cars. Today’s Cost of Electricity averages 9.338ยข per Kilowatt Hour, in Florida. The Cost to operate TESLA’s Electric Cars at the current electric Utility charge of 9.338ยข/kWh is on average $725 for 15,000 miles driven (see EPA chart below)

๐Ÿ›ข Electricity Cost of 9.338ยข/kWh equals 3ยฝยข/mile driven for Tesla Model S, Model X and Model 3 Electric Cars (with No exhaust fumes containing COโ‚‚ & CO, plus No Noxious Gasses, No Soot discharged into our atmosphere).

๐Ÿ›ข Fuel Cost for Gasoline Powered Cars with 300hp Engines consumes on average 22MPG, miles per gallon. Therefor, for each 15,000 miles driven, 625 Gallons of gasoline are consumed (with Exhaust Fumes containing COโ‚‚ and CO, Noxious Gasses and Soot, that are discharged into the atmosphere).

๐Ÿ›ข Current Gas Prices are a Low of $2.25/Gallon, then the Cost to drive 15,000 miles is $1,406 or 9.35ยข per Mile Driven with Gasoline Engine Powered Cars.

๐Ÿ›ข Several Years ago Gasoline prices were over $4.25 per Gallon; We may likely experience similar increased Gasoline prices again in a few years. Therefor, for the same 15,000 miles driven, and the same 625 Gallons of Gas purchased (for 22mpg Cars) the Gasoline Cost would increase to $2,656 (at $4.25/Gallon of Gasoline).

๐Ÿ›ข $4.25/Gallon Gas equates to 17.75ยข per Mile Driven. Notice the examples for the Cost of Gasoline followed by the Cost of Electricity and their respective Driving Costs/Mile. Values for Gas cost/mile 10.40ยข/mile for Electric Car cost/mile 3.34ยข/mile [as of May, 2016].

Gasoline Powered Cars: 24mpg Engines: Cost for Mile Driven

๐Ÿ›ข $2.00 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 8.30ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $2.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 9.35ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $2.50 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 10.40ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $2.75 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 11.45ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $3.00 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 12.50ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $3.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 13.55ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $3.50 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 14.60ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $3.75 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 15.65ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $4.00 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 16.70ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $4.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 17.75ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $4.50 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 18.80ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $4.75 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 19.85ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $5.00 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 20.90ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $5.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 21.95ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $5.50 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 23.00ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $5.75 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 24.05ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $6.00 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 24.10ยข / Mile Driven


https://www.fpl.com/rates/pdf/residential-explanation.pdf

TESLA Electric Cars: 90 kWh LiON Battery: Cost / Mile Driven

๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 09ยข / kWh: 3.35ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 9.3ยข / kWh: 3.48ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 10ยข / kWh: 3.72ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 11ยข / kWh: 4.09ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 12ยข / kWh: 4.46ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 13ยข / kWh: 4.83ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 14ยข / kWh: 5.20ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 15ยข / kWh: 5.58ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 16ยข / kWh: 5.95ยข / Mile Driven

๐Ÿ›ข Gasoline price fluctuations, do not directly relate to the current 12ยข/kWh Electrical Power Costs to the Public, according to the EPA. A significant portion of Nation’s Electrical Power Generation is fueled by four main sources other than the thousands of Petroleum (Oil or Diesel) Fueled Power Plants, plus a number of Geo Thermal, Wind and Solar Powered Plants, according to current EPA statistics:

(A) 99 Nuclear Power Reactors in 30 States
(B) 557 Coal Powered Electric Power Plants
(C) 7,304 Natural Gas Powered Electric Plants, plus
(D) 2,540 HydroElectric Powered Dams in the USA.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Model S History and Now โ€“ Tesla Model S was styled by Franz von Holzhausen, who previously worked for Mazda North American Operations. The car was codenamed WhiteStar during research and preliminary development. The Model S was announced in a press release on June 30, 2008. The prototype vehicle was displayed at a press conference on March 26, 2009, pictured above.

๐Ÿ”˜ In February 2008 Tesla Motors was planning to offer a range-extended version of its Model S. This version would have included a gasoline engine to extend the driving range of the vehicle; but it was promptly removed in a later revision. At the GoingGreen conference in September 2008 Tesla’s CEO, Elon Musk, announced that Tesla was developing only all-electric cars.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla manufactures the Model S at its 5ยฝ Million square foot Tesla Factory in Fremont, California. For the European market, Tesla assembles and distributes from its European Distribution Center in Tilburg, the Netherlands. Cars are built and tested in Fremont, California. The battery pack, the electric motor and parts are disassembled and shipped separately to Tilburg, where the cars are reassembled, a 203,000 sq ft industrial building that also serves as a workshop and spare parts warehouse. Tesla expects the Model S to “pay back” the energy that went into producing the car in fewer than 10,000 miles.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Model S is a full-sized all-electric five-door, luxury liftback, produced by Tesla Motors, and introduced in June 2012. Tesla’s Model S scored a perfect 5.0 NHTSA automobile safety rating. (http://goo.gl/TJ7jbV) The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) official range for the 2012 Model S Performance model equipped with an 85 kWh battery pack is 265 miles, higher than any other electric car at the time. EPA rates its energy consumption at 38 kWh/100 mi for a combined fuel economy of 104 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Model S became the first electric car to top the monthly new car sales ranking in any country, twice leading in Norway, in September and again in December 2013, and also in Denmark in December 2015. Global Model S sales passed the 100,000 Model S sales Milestone in December 2015.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Model S ranked as the world’s best selling plug-in electric vehicle in 2015, up from second best in 2014. The Model S also ranked as the top selling plug-in electric car in the U.S. in 2015. As of December 2015, the leading markets are the United States with a 60% share of global sales and Norway with 9.4%. Other leading country markets are China, the Netherlands, Canada, Denmark, Germany, and Switzerland. As of December 2015, the Model S ranks as the world’s second best selling plug-in car in history after the Nissan Leaf.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Tesla Model S won awards including the 2013 World Green Car of the Year, 2013 Motor Trend Car of the Year, Automobile magazine’s 2013 Car of the Year, Time Magazine Best 25 Inventions of the Year 2012 award and Consumer Reports’ top-scoring car ever. In 2015, Car and Driver named the Model S the Car of the Century.

๐Ÿ”˜ In 2016 Tesla has completely updated design of Model S. Model S nose now looks more like the Model 3. Also, 60 and 85 versions are now discontinued. Only 70, 70D and 90D versions are available. In May 2016, the 75 and 75D versions became available. Facelifted 70 and 70D Model S owners have the option to ‘unlock’ the 75 kWh capacity, adding up to 19 miles per charge.

๐Ÿ”˜ ๐Ÿš˜ AutoPilot Trained with 50 Million Miles of Driving Experience ๐Ÿ”˜ Co-PILOT for Tesla DRIVERS ๐Ÿ”˜ Autonomous Driving Soon ๐Ÿš˜ UPDATE 3 ๐Ÿš˜ ๐Ÿš˜ ๐Ÿš˜

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla AutoPilot is NOW the Co-Pilot for all Tesla Drivers โ€“ AutoPilot having over 50 Million Miles of “Driving Experience under its Belt.” AutoPilot serves all Tesla Drivers as their Personal Driving Assistant, like a Co-Pilot. As excellent as it is, AutoPilot is still in its initial Beta form into 2017.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Future of the Personal Driving Experience is True Autonomous Driving, which may come sooner than many expect. My guess, Tesla would like AutoPilot to be released from Beta concurrent with Model 3 emerging from the Production Line Q4.2017

๐Ÿ”˜ Think of Tesla Model S and Model X AutoPilot feature, as being similar to the Autopilot in a Commercial Airliner. In world of Aviation, the Pilot manually Backs-out the Airplane from the Gate or Hanger, Taxies onto the Runway, performs the Take-Off [a High-Skills portion of the Flight], the Captain continues to “Pilot” the Airplane with Hands-on-the-Wheel at all times, until the flight is “stabilized” into the Flight-Plan’s route. Once the flight has completed the Take-Off routine and is on its flight-plan [the FAA’s “highway lane” in the sky] the Pilot engages the [aircraft version] of Autopilot to handle the “tedious” portion of the Flight, maintaining altitude, course, and tracking all the “vital signs” of the aircraft, it’s engines, fuel levels, temperatures, cabin pressure and temp… Tesla is apparently styling their AutoPilot System similarly.

๐Ÿ”˜ Predictions: Elon Musk is totally “Driven to deliver true Autonomous Tesla Cars,” and to deliver attractive, affordable, high performance, electric Cars for the Mass Market. Tesla, having received over 400,000 Model 3 Reservations with $1,000 deposits, (represents $400 million in cash deposits) Tesla’s affordable $35,000 Car will begin emerging from its Fremont, California Production Line in late 2017; so it seems that Tesla’s desire for “mass market” appeal is a reality. Elon Musk says, when it begins to contact the first portion of the reservation-list, customers will be directed to Tesla’s Design Center. As the Model 3 is not ready yet, this is the Design Center link for the Model S: https://goo.gl/GKAIoa

๐Ÿ”˜ Model 3 Buyer Options โ€“ Musk estimates that Buyers of the Model 3 will likely add several options, for roughly $8000. Here a few of the Options that may be available for the Model 3: Long Range Battery, All Wheel Drive, AutoPilot, Smart Air-Suspension, Ultra High-fidelity Sound package, to name a few. This is a link to the Design Center for the Model S, as the Model 3 Design and Options tool is will not be ready until mid-2017: https://goo.gl/GKAIoa

๐Ÿ”˜ Model 3 Update โ€“ Recent reports from Tesla Motors indicate that by early July, 2016, all the remaining “Model 3 engineering decisions will be made,” finalizing the Model 3 production design. This Milestone sets into motion the fabrication of 8000 unique parts in the supply-line, to assemble the New Model 3.

๐Ÿ”˜ Next, is Autonomous Driving, to accomplish [selectable] autonomous driving, Tesla is collecting massive levels of Driving-Data, for Two primary purposes
(1) Prove Safety Statistically, with Tesla’s AutoPiloting Systems engaged, incident-free, safe-driving is significantly improved, as compared to unassisted Human Driving
(2) Train the AutoPilot to further Improve its Prediction Accuracy
(โ€ขโ€ข) With 50 million mile data-set has been Assimilated [a 6 month driving sample] the Frequency of Accidents is 50% Lower with AutoPilot engaged, as compared to Drivers not engaging AutoPilot, according to Elon Musk.

๐Ÿ”˜ Decreasing Driving-Incidents by 50% using AutoPilot that’s still in Beta form is astounding. The Insurance industry is taking notice. Combine these factors with Tesla’s assembly of
(A) Best software engineers
(B) Best mechanical engineers
(C) Tesla’s 50% increase in the size of its Fleet of Cars on the Roads, delivering Driving-Data back to Tesla’s MainFrame Computers
(D) Tesla’s collection and assimilation of the Next 50 million mile Data-Set, will occur exponentially faster
(โ€ขโ€ข) Accordingly, Tesla hopefully will release its Software Iterations more rapidly [current version is 7.1] incorporating exciting new features, improved reliability, performing more tasks semi-Autonomously.

๐Ÿ”˜ So the Cycle of Teaching AutoPilot continues, as Tesla DRIVERS Teach their AutoPilots, how to Drive Better and Better. See, it’s Tesla Driver Intervention with AutoPilot’s errant predictions, that teaches the AutoPilot; Tesla engineers assimilate these occurrences, then the entire Fleet of Tesla Cars are updated with the “Lessons Learned.” This is the nature of Computer-Machine Learning.

๐Ÿ”˜ Model S and Model X AutoPilot Software is designed to actually “Learn to Drive Better.” Over 100,000 Tesla Drivers are actually training the AutoPilot system every Day, so the Software becomes better over time. Next year there will be over 200,000 Tesla Drivers training the AutoPilot. The latest software update 7.1 allows Model S and Model X Cars to use its unique array of cameras, radar, ultrasonic sensors, GPS and an increasing Data-Base of Driving-Data, to automatically steer down the highway, change lanes, recognize cars around it, adjust speed, and maneuver in response to traffic conditions.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Drivers are Teaching their “Cars to Drive Better,” literally. Tesla’s 1Q/16 Car Software update 7.1, has increased the Driverโ€™s confidence behind the wheel with features to help the Car avoid hazards and reduce the driverโ€™s workload when driving on Tedious, Boring, Stop-and-Go portions of a Commute or Road-Trip. While Model S or X canโ€™t make traffic disappear, AutoPilot can make Driving a whole lot easier, safer, less tedious, and more pleasant to endure. Once youโ€™ve arrived at your destination, Model S & X scans for a parking space and parallel parks on your command. https://goo.gl/0EeVt1

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoPilot features a Dynamic real-time Instrument cluster with a Driver-Focused design showing current information the Car is utilizing to “intelligently” determine the vehicle’s behavior in the moment relative to its surrounding traffic conditions. The instrument panel provides a real-time computer-drawn “moving visuals” of the road, bending left, straightening, bending right, etc., the driving Lanes detected by the Carโ€™s 360ยบ array of sensors. AutoPilot is delivering to the Driver the same information that the Car’s Computer is utilizing to execute center-of-the-Lane Stability, Lane Departure, Blind-Spot Detection, Speed Assist, Auto-Collision Maneuvering, Following distances, graphical Collision Warnings, Adaptive Cruise, and AutoSteer. https://goo.gl/UrMIQC

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoSteer (presently in Beta form) maintains the Car Centered in the Current Lane, and engages Traffic-Aware Cruise Control to maintain the Carโ€™s Speed. Using a variety of measures including Steering Angle, Steering Rate, and Speed to determine the appropriate operation; AutoSteer assists the Driver, making the driving experience easier.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla’s AutoPilot requires Drivers to remain Engaged and Aware when Autosteer is enabled. Drivers must keep their Hands on the Steering Wheel, as there are Tactile Sensors imbedded in the the Steering Wheel, verifying the Driver’s “Hands on the Wheel.”

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoPilot issues an Alarm and Disengages if the System doesn’t recognize the Driver’s hands on the steering wheel, AutoPilot will Display a Warning message, deliver a Chime, and auto-disengage AutoPilot. Since AutoSteer software is in “beta form” Tesla does not want their Drivers to “overly rely” on the AutoPilot’s traffic and road Predictions. As AutoPilot becomes “smarter” [perhaps with another 100 million miles of machine training] the Full-Time Hands-On-The-Wheel requirement may be relaxed [my guess]. https://goo.gl/o7Zspe

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Software release 7.1 expands AutoPilot functionality and introduces the 1st Iteration of the Summon feature. Using Summon… once you arrive home and you exit Model S or Model X, you may Stop your car at the Front Door, everyone exits the Car, and the Driver Prompts the Car to do the rest autonomously, namely
(A) The Car Opens Garage door
(B) The Car Drives into Garage
(C) The Car Parks itself
(D) The Car Closes Garage Door
(E) The Car Shuts itself down
(F) The Car Locks all 4 Doors
(โ€ขโ€ข) Imagine the convenience of Summoning your Car to your precise location, when it’s Raining, as it drives itself to the Front Door of the Restaurant, under the Portico awaiting you and your guests entry into the Car. https://goo.gl/EL9Nqo

๐Ÿ”˜ Using Summon again โ€“ In the morning, you wake up, get dressed, make coffee, Summon your Tesla with your iPhone App, Get your Cup of Coffee, Walk out the front door, and your car is at your Front Door waiting for you to Board the Car. The Car’s System will Open your Garage door, back-out of the Garage, Close the Garage Door, and Summon then drives itself to your location, ready for your Drive. More broadly, Summon eliminates the burden of having to squeeze in and out of tight parking spots. During the current 1st Beta stage of Summon, Tesla would prefer customers to become familiar with “Summon” only on private property.

๐Ÿ”˜ “Autonomous Self-Valet-Parking” the Next Step for Summon feature. How nice, no more giving your keys to Strangers, as they celebrate “Joy-Riding in your very special car,” while you’re Dining. The Tesla Car will locate a viable Parking Spot and park itself, then lock itself, then turn itself OFF. When you are finished, Exit the Restaurant Summon your Car to your precise position. Tesla version 7.1 is in “beta” and cannot “Self Valet” yet…

๐Ÿ”˜ According to Tesla, your Car will eventually be able to drive anywhere around the Corner, the City, the County, or perhaps further, to meet you, even self-charging along the way. Your Tesla Car will be able to Sync with your Calendar so your Car knows exactly where & when to arrive at your Home, Office, Country Club, or Hotel…

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Computer Software v7.1 release is the Next Step towards Tesla’s Goal of developing fully Autonomous Driving capabilities with delivery through over-the-air software updates, keeping Tesla customers at the forefron of driving technology.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla’s Auto-Steering is a strategically Important Component of AutoPilot’s capability, utilizing a 360ยบ Array of Sensors, and WiFi and 3G connectivity at all times
(A) Forward Facing Radar
(B) twelve Long-Range 360ยบ Ultra-Sonic Sonar Sensors
(C) High Definition Front-Facing Stereo Digital Camera
(D) High-Resolution GPS
(E) Tesla’s Ultra-High Definition Mapping, coupled
(F) Precision Electro-Mechanical Servo-Controled Steering, Breaking, Speed-Control Systems. https://goo.gl/Ob7PYe

๐Ÿš˜ Let’s take a Pause and have some FUN โ€“ Congratulations, as you’ve read our article to this point. Now it’s time to take a brief break before moving to the next chapter. Check out this YouTube Video of Tesla’s Model S “Test” Driving with “Insane” Mode engaged: https://youtu.be/vFwxlCp_wpU

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoPilot Serves as the Driver’s Co-Pilot rendering Tesla Cars to Drive Safer. AutoPilot is Capable of
(1) Interpreting Stop Signs, Road Signs, and Speed Limit Signs using Optical and Object Character Recognition
(2) “Visualizing” Cars and Objects surrounding the Car
(3) Recognition and Compliance with Traffic Signals
(4) Identification of Road Lanes
(5) Auto-Lane Changing
(6) Auto-Steering, Centers the Car’s path within Lanes
(7) Maintains your SET Speed
(8) Maintains a Safe [selectable 1 to 7 Car lengths] Following Distance
(9) Car’s Sensor Array “Scans a full 360ยบ Perimeter” around the Car in Real-Time for Collision Avoidance and Blind-Spot Maneuvering… The Frontiers for AutoPiloting of Tesla Cars. https://goo.gl/Ob7PYe

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Cars with AutoPilot Software Installed and activated, AutoPilot’s features help to relieve Drivers from the most tedious and potentially dangerous aspects of road travel. Tesla combines a
(A) High-resolution Forward facing Camera
(B) RADAR
(C) Array of 12 Long-range Sonar Sensors
(D) GPS telemetry
(D) Ultra-high Definition Mapping [100-times more precise than typical GPS mapping], combined with electro-mechanical assists for braking and steering system to “automatically drive” your Model S on an Open Road and in dense Stop-and-Go Traffic.

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoPilot hardware is now built into all Model S, X, and Model 3 Cars, whether or not you purchase the AutoPilot software Option. AutoPilot system is activated with the installation of the AutoPilot software tech-package into Tesla’s Car Computer system [ $2500 option] when configured at the time of Car Purchase, [$3000 if AutoPilot is installed after the purchase].

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla’s AutoPilot feature currently gives the Car partial-Autonomy, and when the AutoPilot Software is activated the “system” is 50% safer than Human Drivers, according to 50 million miles of Driving-Data assembled by Tesla’s Chief Executive Elon Musk’s software engineers. The probability of having an accident is 50% lower if you have Autopilot Engaged… said Musk, speaking at an energy conference in Oslo, Norway. Even with the current initial beta-versions, AutoPilot is about twice the Safety Record as compared to a Driver without AutoPilot assistance.

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoPilot Warning: “Keep your Hands on the Wheel”. AutoPilot is currently in “beta form” and Tesla’s dashboard Warning Message states “Keep your hands on the steering wheel at all times, and be ready to take Control of the Car.” The AutoPilot system is continuously LEARNING. The “System Learns” when a Driver Corrects the Path of the Car, when necessary. All the corrective actions taken by the Driver are assembled with the digital data from Tesla’s onboard Computer, GPS, Radar, Sensors, and Camera, and Transmitted to Tesla’s Mother Ship for analysis and potential integration into the next AutoPilot update version.

๐Ÿ”˜ 50 Million Miles of Driving Data has been Collected in 6 Months. This Data is “Training the AutoPilot” as it formulates improved Driving Algorithms for the Software. Tesla’s entire Fleet of Cars with AutoPilot engaged, are collecting Driving-Data, the actions of the Driver, as compared to the actions the AutoPilot predicted. If differences occur, where the Driver took over control of the AutoPilot, this is a potential “Training Event” that is transmitted to “Tesla’s Mother Ship” for assessment and assimilation. As improved Driving Algorithms are developed, Software updates are delivered by the Cell System back to the entire Fleet of Tesla Cars. Tesla’s “Learning Machine” is a continuous Cycle of data Collection, Assimilation, Assessment, Integration, Update the Fleet, with a continuous streaming of Millions of Miles of Precision Driving.

๐Ÿ”˜ Drawing on Early Data from Tesla’s cars, Musk said that the average number of Miles Driven by a Car Between Accidents was almost doubled when Autopilot was engaged. These results are from Tesla’s first generation of Autopilot, which owners have been using. Tesla drivers using AutoPilot, have driven over 50 Million Miles since AutoPilot was launched October, 2015.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla AutoPilot software obtains data from HD Video Cameras, Radar, a 360ยบ Array of 12 Long Range Ultrasonic Sensors to perform basic functions, including steering on a Highways, Lane Changing, adjusting Speed in response to varying traffic conditions, or simply parking the Car. AutoPilot technology (the hardware component of the AutoPilot) is pre-built into every recent Model of the company’s Cars, from July, 2015 and all 2016 Cars. The Software package is designed to “Continuously Learn how to Drive Better” and therefor AutoPilot will continue improve with time.

๐Ÿ”˜ Musk expects the 2nd Version of AutoPilot, a Fully Autonomous AutoPilot version of its Driving Software will be Significantly Safer than the current AutoPilot technology. Less than 2 years away from being released, the 2nd Generation of Tesla’s Autopilot will require regulatory approval; Tesla must Demonstrate to the DOT that AutoPilot is (A) relatively Simple for average Drivers to implement, and (B) is “Definitively” Safer as compared to all Human Drivers, not having engaged AutoPilot.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Insurance Industry is Extremely Interested in the continued Success of Tesla’s AutoPilot. AutoPilot improves the Driver’s experience
(1) Driving Safety, averts boredom and tedium
(2) Collision Avoidance, with 360ยบ sensor Array
(3) Decrease the number of driving accidents
(4) Decreasing the Degree of personal injury
(5) Decrease property damages
(*) The day may come, when motor vehicles may be required to have a minimum level of hardware-sensors with AutoPiloting assistance for Drivers. It seems that Tesla is setting the Standards for AutoPiloting driver-assistance.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla is Collecting a Huge DataBase of high-resolution Driving-Data to demonstrate “that the Safety Level is significantly Improved, by a meaningful margin, when AutoPilot Autonomous Mode is Engaged, versus AutoPilot with Autonomous mode turned off.”

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoPilot enabled Tesla Cars are Safer than Human Drivers… or is this a high-tech Marketing Gimmick? A video surfaced in early April, 2016 that showed a Tesla Model S Autopilot prevented a Highway Collision with a Utility Truck (positioned in the Driver’s “Blind Spot”) that cut sharply in front of the Model S. The Model S was riding on a highway in the Right Lane; a White Utility Truck aggressively moved from the Center-Lane to Right-Lane (as the Tesla Car was positioned in the Truck’s “Blind Spot”); This Event, both vehicles becoming dangerously Close, was detected by AutoPilot’s perimeter Sensor Array, and caused the Model S to instantly “Auto-Steer” the Tesla Car enough distance to the Right, combined with “Auto-Speed” control, to avoid the Truck’s contact with the Tesla Car.

๐Ÿ”˜ The iPhone Video of the above potential “Event” shows the Model S collision avoidance system “sensed” a vehicle moving to an unsafe distance, and triggered a corrective action by its Auto-Steering to the Right, to avoid the Utility Truck, as it pulled out in front of the Model S. Coincidentally, the Model S occupant was cell-phone video-recording their new Model S on the Highway having engaged the AutoPilot, and shortly thereafter, the Truck near-collision incident occurred. Video Clip: https://goo.gl/OLQAJI

๐Ÿ”˜ How Does Tesla’s AutoPilot Work โ€“ Model S AutoPilot’s system is Continuously Learning and Improving, due to the procedure of (A) Machine Learning computer algorithms, (B) the carโ€™s wireless [cellular] real-time, always-on connection, (C) ultra-high-resolution mapping (D) sensor-array data that each Tesla Car collects, (D) Driver Data and AutoPilot’s Predictions are Transmitted to “Tesla’s Mother Ship” for Processing and Assimilation into the next version of AutoPilot. Within the recent 6 months, more than 50 Million Miles of Driving Data has been processed by Tesla for improvements to its AutoPilot software system.

๐Ÿ”˜ Machine Learning Algorithms, the latest in sophisticated computer technology, where computers Assimilate super-large Data-sets, Analysis of massive levels of Data, Elimination of Spurious Data, Create improved Precision Algorithms, then implement the Algorithms, making for Improved Precision high-confidence Predictions.

๐Ÿ”˜ Computers delivering Precision high-confidence Predictions is the essence of Machine Learning, resulting in computer-speed “Micro-Second Reaction Time” form of highly specialized artificial intelligence. With Human intelligence, improved performance, is accomplished with Education, Training, Practice. With Computers, Learning occurs with Millions of Cycles of Assimilating massive Data Sets into Precision Algorithms, Elimination of the spurious Data, delivering super-high-confidence Predictions;then rewrite Precision Algorithms, Distribute back to the Fleet of Cars, in the case of AutoPilot. And these Cycles are repeated creating even more precision-high-Confidance Predictions.

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoPilot Machine Learning is the method that Tesla Car Computers can become artificially intelligent, as the AutoPilot technology is a form of AI. โ€œThe entire Tesla fleet of Cars operates as a large network of “Tesla Car Computers” collecting very-high-resolution digital data. When one Tesla Car learns something, the entire Fleet learn it. “This is far beyond what other car companies are doingโ€ says Elon Musk.

๐Ÿ”˜ When it comes to the AutoPilot software, Musk explained that each driver using the AutoPilot System essentially becomes an “Expert Trainer” for how the AutoPilot should work. To create a self-driving car, Tesla’s AutoPilot, has logged and transmitted back to Tesla Mainframes, over 50 million miles of driving Videos and Data into Tesla’s Computer Data Model, which creates a Massive digital vocabulary about driving events. The resultant algorithms use “visual” techniques to Assimilate the video-data to understand traffic and driver events. The Goal for AutoPilot, when something unexpected happens โ€” a ball rolls into the street โ€” AutoPilot can recognize the specific pattern, and will react accordingly (because a child may also be running into the street after the ball, as an example).

๐Ÿ”˜ The Data from Tesla Drivers is enabled by the hardware systems that Tesla has configured. All Tesla Cars built from mid-2015 through 2016, have (A) 12 ultrasonic sensors located on the lower circumference of the vehicle, (B) a front-facing digital camera mounted above the rear-view mirror, (C) a Radar System center-mounted below the front-nosecone. These three sensing systems are constantly collecting high-resolution Data to help the AutoPilot work on the roads, but this System also amasses Data that will make Tesla AutoPilot systems Learn, and operate with more precision in the future.

๐Ÿ”˜ Because each of Teslaโ€™s Cars have an always-on wireless Cellular connection to “Tesla’s Mother Ship,” data from driving and using AutoPilot is collected and uploaded into the Tesla Cloud, and analyzed with sophisticated software algorithms. With AutoPilot, Tesla assimilates the data from Tesla Cars using the its Automated Steering and Lane Change Systems, uses this Data to train its AutoPilot algorithms. Tesla then assembles these algorithms, tests them, and incorporates the new Driving Algorithms into upcoming software downloads to the entire fleet of Tesla Cars’ onboard Computers.

๐Ÿ”˜ Currently Tesla has downloading Version 7.1 software. This download is multi-hour events that occurs between 2am and 4am, or as Drivers schedule. Elon Musk said that Tesla is collecting much more detailed high-precision mapping data for its automated steering and lane change applications as compared to what is available through the standard navigation technology. To meet its needs, Tesla has started to build its own Ultra-high-precision Mapping Data that is 100-Times the level of granularity, compared to standard commercially available navigation systems, using [mostly] data from Tesla Cars driving on roads and data from Tesla engineers driving research cars.

๐Ÿ”˜ AUTOSTEER & AUTO LANE CHANGE โ€“ Autopilot displays a “Steering Wheel Icon located next to the speed display in the instrument cluster will appear Grey. Pull the Cruise Control lever towards you Once to engage the Traffic-Aware Cruise Control, and pull it Twice to activate AutoSteer. The steering wheel icon will now turn from Gray to Blue. AutoSteer keeps the vehicle in the current lane [the driving Lanes are illuminated with Blue Lines] and maintains the vehicleโ€™s speed. However, you must still keep your hands on the steering wheel so you are prepared to take control of the vehicle at any moment during changing road and traffic conditions.

๐Ÿ”˜ When AutoSteer is activated, you can change lanes by engaging the turn signal, and your Model S will move itself to the adjacent lane, only when itโ€™s safe to do so. AutoPilot’s 360ยบ perimeter sonar sensors detect when it’s clear for a Lane Change.

๐Ÿ”˜ AUTOPARK โ€“ When traveling below 15mph, a Grey “P” will appear on the instrument cluster when your Model S detects a parking spot next to you. Put the vehicle into reverse and โ€œAutoPark Readyโ€ will appear on the touchscreen. Once activated, your Model S will begin to park itself by controlling steering and vehicle speed.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Model S Driver Joshua Brown said “It was a mistake on the Truck driver’s part. He did not look or know I was next to him, until I honked my horn” Joshua Brown, recently uploaded the video to YouTube: https://goo.gl/OLQAJI

Model S demonstration of Acceleration and AutoPilot: https://goo.gl/1J05X8. Elon Musk demonstrating Dual Motor Acceleration and AutoPilot: https://goo.gl/lyNmCU. Demonstration of AutoPilot software version 7: https://goo.gl/NvLFmk and https://goo.gl/uh95ry

๐Ÿ”˜ Model S Equipped with Driver Assistance components and Autopilot Tech Package, the Forward looking Camera and the Radar sensor are designed to determine when there is a vehicle in front of you in the same lane. If the area in front of Model S is clear, Traffic-Aware Cruise Control maintains a SET driving speed. When a vehicle is detected, Traffic-Aware Cruise Control is designed to slow down Model S as needed to maintain a selected distance from the vehicle in front, up to the set speed. Traffic-Aware Cruise Control does not eliminate the need to watch the road in front of you and to apply the brakes when needed. Traffic-Aware Cruise Control is primarily intended for driving on dry, relatively straight roads, such as highways and freeways. It should not be used on city streets.

๐Ÿ”˜ Traffic-Aware Cruise Control is designed for Driving Comfort and Convenience, and is not currently “promoting” AutoPilot as a Collision Warning or Avoidance System [although there are numerous YouTube examples of Collision Avoidance by AutoPilot]. Since Auto-Steering” is currently in “Beta form” It is the Driver’s responsibility to stay alert, drive safely, and be in control of the vehicle at all times. Never depend on Traffic-Aware Cruise Control to adequately slow down Model S. Always watch the road in front of you and be prepared to take corrective action at all times. Failure to do so can result in serious injury or death. The instrument panel displays a gray speedometer icon on the left side of the driving speed to indicate that Traffic-Aware Cruise Control is available but the cruising speed has not been set. Unless a vehicle is detected ahead of you, you must be driving at least 18 mph to use Traffic-Aware Cruise Control. If a vehicle is detected ahead of you, you can use Traffic-Aware Cruise Control at any speed, even when stationary. When driving at your desired speed, set the cruising speed by moving the cruise-control lever up or down (or pulling it briefly toward you), then releasing.

๐Ÿ”˜ The speedometer icon on the instrument panel turns blue and displays the set speed to indicate that Traffic-Aware Cruise Control is actively maintaining the set speed. The Driver may now release-pressure from the accelerator pedal and allow Traffic-Aware Cruise Control to maintain your set speed. When no vehicle is detected ahead, Traffic-Aware Cruise Control maintains the set speed. If a vehicle is detected, Traffic-Aware Cruise Control maintains your chosen following distance, [user-selectable from 1 to 7 Car lengths] up to the set speed, accelerating and decelerating Model S as needed. When the vehicle you are following is no longer detected, Traffic-Aware Cruise Control accelerates to the set speed. Traffic-Aware Cruise Control also adjusts the speed as appropriate when entering and exiting curves.

๐Ÿ”˜ Adjust your following distance โ€“ To adjust the distance you want to maintain between Model S and a vehicle traveling ahead of you, rotate the cruise control lever to choose a setting from 1 (the closest following distance) to 7 (the longest following distance). Each setting corresponds to a time-based distance that represents how long it takes for Model S, from its current location, to reach the location of the rear bumper of the vehicle ahead. Cruising at the Speed Limit โ€“ Traffic-Aware Cruise Control makes it easy to cruise at the speed limit. Once you’ve initially set a cruising speed, you can adjust the speed to cruise at the speed limit that is currently being determined by Speed Assist. To do so, pull the cruise control lever toward you and hold momentarily (about half a second). When you release, your cruising speed is set to the speed that is automatically or manually being determined by Speed Assist, taking into consideration any setting you have specified. If you are already driving faster than the speed limit when you pull and momentarily hold the lever, the set speed does not adjust to the speed limit, it adjusts to your current driving speed.

๐Ÿ”˜ To increase/decrease speed by 1 mph, move the lever up or down to the first position and release. To increase/decrease speed to the closest 5 mph increment, move the lever up/down to the second position and release. For example, if you are traveling at 57 mph and you move the lever up to the second position and release, the speed increases to 60 mph. You can also increase/decrease speed by holding the lever in the full up/down position and releasing when the desired speed displays below the cruise control icon. To cruise at the speed limit that is currently being determined by Speed Assist (including any o sets that you have set), pull the cruise control lever toward you and hold momentarily (about half a second). It may take a few seconds for Model S to reach the new cruising speed. The Maximum Set Speed is 90 mph.

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoSteer is a BETA feature in Release 7.1. Model S is equipped with Driver Assistance components and the optional Autopilot Tech Package; you can use Autosteer to manage steering and speed under certain circumstances. Autosteer builds upon Traffic-Aware Cruise Control, intelligently keeping Model S in its driving lane when cruising at a set speed. Using the forward looking camera, the radar sensor, and the ultrasonic sensors, Autosteer detects lane markings and the presence of vehicles and objects, steering Model S based on the lane markings and the vehicle directly in front of you.

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoSteer is a hands-on feature. You must keep your hands on the steering wheel at all times. Autosteer is intended for use only on highways and limited-access roads with a fully attentive driver. When using Autosteer, hold the steering wheel and be mindful of road conditions and surrounding traiffc. Do not use Autosteer on city streets or in areas where bicyclists or pedestrians may be present. Never depend on Autosteer to determine an appropriate driving path. Always be prepared to take immediate action. Failure to follow these instructions could cause serious property damage, injury or death.

๐Ÿ”˜ Enable AutoSteer โ€“ the Driver must enable it by touching Controls > Settings > Driver Assistance > Autosteer > Enable. To indicate that Autosteer is available (but not actively steering Model S), the instrument panel displays a gray Autosteer icon on the right side of the driving speed as shown here.

๐Ÿ”˜ To initiate Autosteer, pull the cruise control lever toward you twice in quick succession. Autosteer briefly displays a message on the instrument panel reminding you to pay attention to the road and be ready to take over at any time. To indicate that Autosteer is now actively steering Model S, the instrument panel displays the Autosteer icon in blue. When Autosteer is able to detect lane markings, it also displays the driving lanes in BLUE:

๐Ÿ”˜ To Initiate Autosteer, you must be driving at least 18 mph on a roadway with visible lane markings. If a vehicle is detected ahead of you, you can initiate Autosteer at any speed, even when stationary. In most cases, Autosteer attempts to center Model S in the driving lane. However, if the sensors detect the presence an obstacle (such as a vehicle or guard rail), Autosteer may steer Model S in a driving path that is offset from the center of the lane. In situations where you attempt to engage Autosteer but you are not driving within the required driving speed for Autosteer to operate, or Autosteer is not receiving adequate data from the camera or sensors, a message displays on the instrument panel indicating that Autosteer is temporarily unavailable.

๐Ÿ”˜ Hold Steering Wheel โ€“ AutoSteer uses data from the camera, sensors, and GPS system to determine where to drive. It also requires you to hold the steering wheel. When entering a curve or driving at a high speed, if Autosteer does not detect your hands on the steering wheel, it displays the following message on the instrument panel and eventually sounds a chime: When you see this message, you may need to tighten your grip on the steering wheel. When your hands are detected, Autosteer resumes normal operation. Be careful not to apply any steering. Doing so cancels Autosteer. If Autosteer does not detect your hands on the steering wheel, the Hold Steering Wheel request escalates by sounding two additional chimes. The chimes increase in frequency until Autosteer detects your hands. If no action is taken, Autosteer begins to decelerate Model S and displays the following message on the instrument panel.

๐Ÿ”˜ Take Over Immediately โ€“ In situations where AutoSteer is unable to steer Model S, AutoSteer sounds a warning chime and displays the following message on the instrument panel.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Model S Owners Manual. The Link below directs you to Dropbox that houses a PDF file containing the Model S Operation Manual provided to new Car owners. The sections above are abstracts from “Driver Assistance” section that begins on page 65 of this manual. https://goo.gl/UeGJDI

๐Ÿ”˜ Fuel Economy.Gov site to compare a wide variety of New Cars. https://goo.gl/hoNh52
https://goo.gl/09PL1R

๐Ÿ”˜ TESLA’s Model S, first arrived on the market 4 years ago in June, 2012, when the first Model S rolled off the production line. Four years later on May 1, 2016 the New and Improved Model S Cars are rolling off the production line at a pace of 1000 Cars/Week. The most noticeable change is with the front “Nose Grill” area, the nose-cone.

๐Ÿ”˜ Cosmetics was the primary reason Tesla used a “Front Grill-like” feature in its initial design of the Model S. The nose-grill is non-functional, and was chosen to retain the “look” of traditional Cars. Since there’s no gasoline-combustion engine, and therefor no heat created, and no radiator to dissipate the heat that doesn’t exist… a front Grill to admit air for a radiator is not the function; the front Grill is strictly cosmetic.

๐Ÿ”˜ TESLA’s Mission is to Deliver an Electric Car that “looks like” what everyone expects a Car to look like; and to have their Electric Car perform, as everyone expects a “traditional car to perform”… even though it’s Electric.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Model S concepts are driving forces since 2010, and presently remain a major focus for TESLA. Tesla’s ultimate goal is to deliver affordable Electric Cars for the Mainstream, the Model 3 being Tesla’s first entry into the affordable car for the masses category.

๐Ÿ”˜ TESLA’s all Electric Roadster and Model S proved that an Electric Car can be aesthetically attractive with superior performance. The Model S nose-Grill does not pass ambient-air through, to an Air-Over-Radiator as with Gasoline Engine powered cars. TESLA’s nose-Grill design was strictly cosmetic, as folks expected to see a Grill.

๐Ÿ”˜ Currently, 80,000 Model S Cars have been purchased in the US, for a total of 110,000 Model S deliveries globally. Tesla believes with over $10 Billion in Sales Deliveries of their electric Cars, the non-functional cosmetic grill, may now be replaced with an aerodynamically efficient nosecone. The new “nose” design is currently used in Model X cars, and is planned for Model 3 cars, starting production in late 2017.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Nose-Grill displayed in the May, 2016 Model S is Aerodynamically Superior, to the 2012 Grill, due to its carefully engineering, wind-tunnel tested shape; The 2012 nose-grill was non-functional, with unfavorable aerodynamics; but it was “worth it” to have their electric Cars accepted by the Market, in the face of decades of “Traditional Cars.” Model S new nosecone is the same precision-design wind-tunnel tested nosecone, used for Model X and Model 3.

๐Ÿ”˜ Model 3 Received 400,000 Reservation Deposit Checks, talk about Market Acceptance. The Model 3 is Tesla’s new, affordable $35,000 electric car, with over 400k reservations with $1000 deposits.

๐Ÿ”˜ Imagine this, Tesla has received $400,000,000 in Cash deposits for Model 3, with customers hoping to receive the Model 3, ASAP; however no sooner than “Late, 2017” according to Tesla Motors.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Model S facelift brings TESLA’s design “up to speed” aerodynamically, with the Model X and the upcoming Model 3 sedan. The revised front-fascia swaps-out the large faux-grille, in favor of a thin top-strip across the front with a centered bold T Logo. Changing the nose-cone on the Model S is aerodynamically-functional, having significantly reduced the “Wind Resistance” of the Car, thereby increased the overall Milage Range by more than 10%.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Improved Model S has been fitted with New Head Lights that are powered with high-power LEDs, including 14 three-position dynamic turning lights to improve visibility with evening turns and winding roads.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Engineers have added a new HEPA air filtration system, removing 99.97% of all particulate exhaust pollution, allergens, bacteria, and other airborne contaminants. Like the Model X, this Air Filtration system features a “Bioweapon Defense Mode” that maintains positive pressure inside the cabin, to prevent toxic gasses from entering the Car’s cabin.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Designers have added several cosmetic improvements in the Cabin, adding a few new wood trim options. Buyers can also select an Option for heating or cooling Forced-Air ventilation of the front seats, a similar HVAC system employed in Tesla’s Model X. For example, on a Hot Afternoon in South Florida, the interior seating becomes very hot, upwards of 150ยบF.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla offers an AirConditioned Front Seats Option, that delivers Cool, Dry, Forced-Air Circulation inside the perforated seat-cushions, creating a cool, dry seat, rather than a scorching hot seat, particularly if you fit the Car with Black Leather. Seat-cushion air circulation is very comfortable at all times. However, particularly comfortable during long commutes and road-trips.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla’s iPhone APP โ€“ when launched your iPhone becomes a Remote Control for your Model S Car. Using the App you can start the Car’s Air Conditioning System, while you are finishing getting dressed in the morning, or awaiting your arrival from your Meeting, Luncheon, or Shopping. From your iPhone or Apple Watch, you are able to see the internal temperature of the Car, verify that it’s properly Locked, check your Fuel Range, and Turn-On the Air Conditioning, preparing the Car for your arrival to it.

๐Ÿ”˜ Model S will likely be paired with a 120 kWh High-Capacity LiON Battery delivering a Range of 400 Miles that will eventually replace the battery pack presently offered. We previously reported that Tesla and Panasonic have designed a slightly larger LiON battery cell [2mm bigger in diameter, 5mm taller] that delivers 33% greater Power with no increase in the cost to product the Lion cells. Implementation of this new LiON 20700 cell may be the effect of assembling a 120 kWh LiON battery pack. Presently Customers have the choice of TESLA’s 70 kWh LiOn battery pack, and the 90 kWh LiON Battery pack, paired with either a single-rear-motor, 2-Wheel Drive system, or paired with Front-Wheel motor plus Rear-Wheel motor, for their AWD package.

๐Ÿ”˜ Folks require more than a 300 mile range in an Electric Car. Tesla need to deliver a 400 Mile Range Battery pack, principally because at current Charging Rates, a 5-Minute “electric” Fill-Up delivers 28 Miles Range added to the LiON Battery, at Best. We understand that Tesla SuperCharger Stations will increase to a Power of 150 kWh [from 120 kWh]. This 25% increase that may deliver 35 Miles per 5 Minute charge, or 100 Mile Range in 15 Minutes, or over 200 Mile Range in 30 minutes.

๐Ÿ”˜ There are 168,000 Gas Stations, and 40,000 Electric Fueling Spots in the US. Electric Car drivers need and want greater Range per Full Charge, per Fill-up. Recall, When a Gasoline Engine powered Car pulls into a Gas Station, within 5-Minutes, they receive 15 Gallons of Gas, which provides 330 Miles of range, as established by the EPA standards of 22MPG, with a 15 gallon fuel-tank.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla needs a 120 kWh 400 Mile Range LiON Battery for the Model S, X, and Model 3 Cars. A 120 kWh Battery’s 400 mile Range, in traditional Gas-Tank equivalency, of an 18.2 Gallon Gas Tank, in a car that achieves 22MPG. Hopefully the Chargers and Battery Chemistry, will permit more Power to enter the LiOn Battery in Less Time.

๐Ÿ”˜ For Electric Car Fill-ups, a 5-Minute Electric Fill-up, an Electric Car receives only 28 Miles of Range, at any of the 630 Tesla SuperCharger Stations, the most powerful [120 kWh chargers] in the US. The 2nd best Electric Charger “in the wild” delivers 16 mile Range for a 5 minute charge, and there are not too many of these ChargePoint 200 RPH chargers. The Model S onboard charging system has been upgraded to accept 48 Amp Service, a 20% increase over the previous specs.

๐Ÿ”˜ Space X Mission Successfully Lands CRS-8 First Stage Rocket on a Drone-Ship situated in the Atlantic Ocean, April, 2016. http://youtu.be/sYmQQn_ZSys

๐Ÿ”˜ SPACE X Mission April 8, 2016, 30 minute narrated clip behind the line showing the Mission, an the background stories. Well worth your time. As you are watching this clip, as the 1st stage Rocket Lands on the Drone-Ship, floating out there, in the Atlantic Ocean, you’ll be standing and cheering with everyone else… http://youtu.be/7pUAydjne5M

๐Ÿš˜ Compare Tesla Model S and Model X all Electric Cars. From a Non-Car-Guy point of view, we discuss in reasonable detail [not-too-technical] a few of the commonly used electric-car terms; We need to think and understand this new “language.”

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla Cars Viewed from a Buyer Perspective, selecting the Options for the Model S or Model X makes significant changes to the Comfort and Safety of the Driver & Passengers, plus the Car’s Agility, Power, and Performance. In this article we Compare two highly rated Tesla electric Cars.

๐Ÿš˜ Permit me to bring you “up to speed” on some of the ingredients that make the Tesla Electric Cars “tick.” Remember, it’s All about the Cells, LiON Cells. Thousands of Cells in all Model X and Model S Cars.

๐Ÿš˜ Look at this Single Lithium-Ion Cell in hand. The LiON Cell is truly the Magical Ingredient that energizes Tesla Model S and Model X Cars. Thousands of these Cells [literally 7,104 Cells] all lined up in a special arrangement, with 444 cells housed in each Module, where all 16 modules are connected together to deliver 400v DC at 225 Amps, yielding a 90 kWh Battery weighing 1,200 pounds.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla’s GigaFactory, 100 Electric Ave, Sparks, Nevada. Tesla’s Lithium-Ion Battery factory [over 3 million sq.ft, on 1.5 sq. miles land] will produce more Lithium Cells than the entire World’s 2015 production. The Gigafactory’s initial production capacity is targeted at 35 Million kWh per Year, enough Lithium Cells to power 400,000 Tesla Cars/yr, [that’s 2.75 Billion Cells, LiON Cells/year or 7.64 Million Cells/day].

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla’s new GigaFactory is an 80 Acre Building Under Roof. Tesla’s battery partner [Panasonic] will be manufacturing their new co-designed LiOn Cell [the 20700 Cell] rendering it +133% more powerful. When Tesla’s Production Line [for Model X, Model S, Model 3 Cars] delivers 12,000 Cars per month, Tesla’s Gigafactory will be Producing 2.8 Million LiON Cells every Day, for the Car’s Batteries; This is just the “startup” quantity before Tesla Ramps-Up production [add the Model 3 Car in 2018] in Tesla’s new 3.5 million sq.ft. facility, the first phase of 10 Million sq.ft.

๐Ÿš˜ It’s Really All about the LiON Cells. Look at the picture of the 18650 Lithium-Ion Cell standing upright next to a traditional Double-AA battery on my iPad Pro’s keyboard. The LiON Cell [39gm] is over twice the physical size and weight of the AA battery [16gm]. Notice 5000 mAh capacity, equals 5.0 Ah at 3.7v DC. [Watts = A x V] or 5×3.7 = 18.5 Watt/Hr. Let’s divide it by 1000, to convert 18.5 Watts into kiloWatts. 18.5/1000 = 0.0185 kWh.

๐Ÿš˜ We Converted 18.5 Watts of storage into kWh [0.0185 kWh] the same units as in the 90 kWh Battery Pack. We know there are 7,104 LiON Cells in TESLA’s battery pack. Each individual LiON Cell can store 0.0185 kWh of power… seems like an itty-bitty amount of Power.

๐Ÿš˜ Cells are TESLA’s MAGIC. All these LiOn Cells are like a Miniature “Army” of Cells. A single “Army-Man’s” power, may not be impressive, with only 0.0184 kWh of muscle; BUT, let’s multiply our Army-Man, and bring in 7104 Army-Men; Now we have several Brigades, a “Powerful Force” of 7104 Men… 7104 Cells… Therefor, let’s take the single Cell’s modest Power of 0.0185 kWh, times 7,104. [0.0185 x 7104 = 131.4 kWh]

๐Ÿš˜ This is a Storage Pack with 131.4 kWh Power. OMG, that’s Huge. If these LiON Cells were all lined up in Tesla’s special arrangement for their TESLA Battery Pack, they’d have an amazing 130 kWh Battery, that’s 144% greater capacity than their present 90 kWh Battery, which would likely be an EPA rating of 400 Miles Range, rather than 275 EPA miles, for the present day 90 kWh Battery. See how much fun we’re having…

๐Ÿš˜ After All, it’s really all about the Cells, currently the 18650 LiOn Cell, is 18mm in diameter by 65mm tall. Battery Engineers say by increasing the Cell’s Diameter marginally by 2mm to 20mm, and increasing the cell’s Height from 65mm to 70mm, the new Cell, the LiON 20700 Cell will actually deliver 133% of the Power than its smaller brother, at the Same Cost per Cell.

๐Ÿš˜ Delivery of the 20700 LiON Cell may be the “Birth” of Tesla’s new 120 kWh Battery, with a Range over 400 Miles. This is a Huge development. Personally, having over 350 EPA certified miles is the Range folks need to see. Anything significantly less in Range [in my opinion] would be considered a “Commuter Car.”

๐Ÿš˜ Today is Racing in Fast Forward to the Future, as Electric Cars Charge on to the Mainstream However, too many folks remain pulled back with decades of prejudices and familiarity: “Pistons, Tanks, Gas, Rods, Gallons, Liters, Fumes, Plugs, V8’s, Octane, Unleaded…” Today, Electric Cars are becoming more popular partly because of the “GREEN” effect, plus some folks see Fuel Cost savings beneficial in the longer view.

๐Ÿš˜ Gas Prices at $2.75/Gallon currently, Equals 12ยข/Mile, [assume the EPA 22 MPG] the cost the average Gas Guzzler is about 12ยข/Mile. This fuel cost/mile is Three Times the cost of the Tesla Models S or X, electric utility charge of 4ยข/Mile. [electricity cost 12ยข/kW]

๐Ÿš˜ It takes Courage to be GREEN with Cars. One must have lots of Courage to be an “Electric Car Pioneer” knowing that: (A) Electric Car manufacturers do not have decades of experiences or durability stats, (B) Electric Charger-Stations are “few and far between” literally, (C) the Time required for an electric Fill-Up.

๐Ÿš˜ Gas Staton Fill-Ups: For an EPA standard 15 gallon Fill-Up, traditional Gas Stations [currently there are 168,000 US Gas Stations] that require about 5-Minutes in Fueling Time, giving your car 330 miles of Range, with an EPA standard of 22MPG, renders a cost of 12ยข/Mile, at $2.65/Gallon. With Electric-Car charging at most of the 40,000 charging-stations that currently exist in the US, the same 5-Minutes Fueling Time, gives your Electric Car 2.5 miles of Range. At DC FAST Express Commercial and Public Charging (19.2 kWr) Stations, a 5 minute charge gives your electric Car about 5 miles of Range. Fortunately, many EV Car Drivers have a Charger Connection at their residence garage, for every night fill-ups.

๐Ÿš˜ Your Garage becomes your Fuel Service Station, as you can Plug-In your Tesla using a 19.2 kWh Super Charger Kit, for an Over Night Fill Up, every Night. Although, the charging rate is roughly 60 RPH, [60 miles of Range per Hour of Charging], If you have a 360 Mile Battery, plugging in overnight, in 6 hours you are FULL of electric power. Although, the Public Charging Stations are time consuming for even a modest fill-up, your Garage Charger is very convenient for an every-Night topping-off your “Electric Fuel Tank.”

๐Ÿš˜ For Electric Cars to become truly Mainstream, These Issues Must be resolved

(A) Battery Range of 350 Miles
โ€“ Affordable Battery Technology, to render energy storage at a reasonable cost, giving 350+ Miles Range. With a bazillion Gas Stations in the US, [actually 168,000] gas driven cars receive a 330 mile range with a 5-minute Fill-Up time
(B) Range per 5 Minute Fill-Up. Charging Stations will have to Deliver significantly more Range than 5 Miles with a 5 Minute Charge
(C) DC-FAST chargers by ChargePoint are currently the fastest commercial chargers giving a Rate of 200 RPH which equals 15 Miles Range for a 5 Minute charge using the CHAdeMO plug.

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA is getting FASTER with Charging Speed, as their Super-Charger Stations Deliver a 30 mile Range in 5-minutes, 115 Miles of Range in 20 Minutes, or 170 Miles in 30 Minutes, Electric Charging gives 5 Miles of Range per Minute … This charging-rate although FAST for electric charging points, is still relatively slow, compared to the Time folks are used to at Gas Stations, giving 60 miles of Range per Minute. Tesla’s Super-Charger Stations are proprietary for Tesla Cars Only, as Tesla is providing its Power at No Cost to Tesla Drivers.

๐Ÿ”ด Below are YouTube Video-Clips Links that you may be interested in viewing. Having reviewed dozens of videos, these have been picked, showing (A) A Video, narrated, takes you into the assembly-line of the Model S at their factory in Fremont, California (B) Tesla associate Delivering a Tesla Model S to a customer; taking a new Tesla owner through the setup of the features for the Model S. TESLA’s delivery-training is worth your time (C) the next 2 video-clips demonstrate the Tesla AutoPilot in action on freeways, first with the Model X, the second is with the Model S car.

๐Ÿ”ต These Clips have been placed between two distinctive images, so you can return here, at a later time, after you’ve read the article.

๐Ÿ”ด Tesla Factory is Automated with Robotics; this interesting, narrated YouTube video-clip gives a closeup view of the assembly of some key components such as the unique Tesla Motor, Gear Box, and Dashboard electronics: https://goo.gl/5wu3sW

๐Ÿ”ด Tesla Factory Delivery of Your New Model S All Tesla Cars are build-to-order. In a few weeks you car will be ready for delivery to you. This YouTube narrated video-clip shows a Tesla Delivery to a Customer: https://goo.gl/cpHnYt

๐Ÿ”ด Tesla Drivers demonstrate the Model X and the Model S AutoPilot with Software version 7.0 These narrated demonstrations of the Autopilot shows the hands-free operation of the Tesla Autopilot controlling the car on Expressways at 70+mph, quite amazing:
https://goo.gl/Tj3wGr
https://goo.gl/YxQyNa

๐Ÿ”ด A Tesla Driver demonstrates the Apple Watch monitoring the status of the Model S and some of the Controlling capability of the Model-S Car. https://goo.gl/72smx0

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla provides a Free APP for iPhones and Apple Watch where Drivers may Plug-In at the Charging station, Start the Charge cycle, Lock the Car, then go into a Coffee shop or Retail Center. Then Remotely, Drivers can Open the Tesla APP on your iPhone and on your Apple Watch, which Logs-In to your Tesla Car’s Computer, to do lots of tasks
(A) Look at the Status of your Car: Locked, Unlocked, Interior Temperature, Range in Miles
(B) You can Honk your Horn, Flash the Car’s Lights to help you find the car in a large parking lot, or a dark street, Start the A/C system to Cool-Down your Car, so it’s ready for you at a Comfortable temperature, or heat the car in the Winter season
(C) Look at the Charging-progress of your Car, see the Miles Range as your Battery is charging, you’d then know when it’s time to return to your Tesla Car
(D) All of these actions can be performed from your iPhone and your Apple Watch.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla Promises Free Super-Charges Forever. Free charging as assured by Elon Musk helps to mitigate the limited Network of Stations, and the relatively slow Charge-time [compared to Gas-Fill-Ups]. Tesla’s SuperCharger Stations are Super-Fast [compared to all other Commercial and Public charger stations] but are relatively slow compared to Gasoline Car fill-ups. Hopefully new Battery technologies will permit significantly Faster Charge Times. It is believed that LiON Battery technology is one of the major factors limiting Charge-Time.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla SuperCharger stations require 20-30 Minutes to obtain a reasonable 100-175 Mile Range added to their Battery “Fuel Tanks.” To mitigate this “time issue” Tesla locates their Stations near Destinations where the Driver may be encouraged to visit, like Coffee Shops, Malls, Retail Shopping Centers.

๐Ÿš˜ Good News: The Public, Federal & State Governments, and Technology Enterprises are Focusing on GREEN Personal Transportation Solutions. For Traditional Cars: We need to arrest (an increasing portion of) the Toxic-Fumes spewing into the atmosphere, Electric Vehicles (EVs) are an answer; The EV Revolution has many of us digesting a new vocabulary: Lithium Ion batteries, Cells, 90 kWh, 70 kWh, LiON Cells, is Bigger Better, How Big is enough, Charger-Stations, Amps, Watts, Volts, Bolts, AC, DC not CD, RPH not MPH… EV’s have NO sign of Toxic Fumes, there’s no Gas-burning, nor tail-pipe Exhaust…

๐Ÿš˜ Compare Model X & Model S: Reviewing Tesla’s web site is a good experience; the web-site is well designed and full of attractive, informative dialogs and graphics. Our effort, is to provide the back-story, analysis, and related information on the topic of Electric Cars, from the point of view of a “Non-CAR-Guy.” After all, we want to know more about electric cars; we need to know What’s Watt.

๐Ÿš˜ Model S โ€“ Performance and Safety Refined โ€“ Model S is designed from the ground up to be the safest, most exhilarating sedan on the road; Having driven the Model S recently, Exhilarating is an Understatement. With unparalleled performance delivered through Teslaโ€™s unique, all-electric powertrain, Model S accelerates from 0 to 60 mph in as little as 2.8 seconds with its optional “Ludicrous Performance Mode.” Model S comes with true Autopilot capabilities designed to assist the highway driving experience, making it safer and stress free.

๐Ÿš˜ Adaptive Headlight Lighting โ€“ Model S features full LED adaptive headlights. Besides enhancing the already great styling, adaptive headlights also boost safety. With 14 three-position LED dynamic turning-lights improve visibility at night, especially on winding roads.

๐Ÿš˜ HEPA Medical Grade Air Filter โ€“ Model S now features a Medical grade HEPA air filtration system, which removes 99.97% of particulate exhaust pollution and effectively all allergens, bacteria, and other contaminants from the Cabin Atmosphere. Tesla has a “Bioweapon Defense” mode that creates a Positive Pressure inside the Cabin to protect occupants from any poisonous gasses from entering the Car. Not that we are expecting an attack, but, every day we can be following a Tractor Trailer that is spewing Clouds of Black Soot and Toxic Fumes… this screen activated mode, protects everyone in the Car from being “gassed” by every-day driving hazards.

๐Ÿš˜ Autopilot โ€“ Tesla’s Autopilot performs the following comprehensive tasks (A) assists Model S with steering, by keeping the Car within your Lane, (B) Change lanes with the simple tap of a turn signal (C) Manages Speed by using active, traffic-aware cruise control assuring safe following distance from the Car ahead (D) Digitally controls the motors, brakes, and steering mechanisms, to help avoid collisions from either Frontally and Sides (E) Prevents the car from wandering off the road, as often occurs when a sleepy driver dozes.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla AutoPilot also enables your car to Scan for an adequate Parking Space, and will Parallel Park on the Driver’s command. Tesla’s Summon, is a new feature that permits the Driver to “Call your Car” using your iPhone. When the Driver Summon’s their Car, the AutoPilot controls the car where it self-drives your empty Car, to meet you at your Front Door, all systems on GO. Tesla’s Autopilot features are progressively enabled over time with periodic software updates. The latest software update 7.0 added the “Summon” feature mentioned above.

๐Ÿš˜ Automatic Steering with Traffic Aware Cruise Control โ€“ Active sensors combined with GPS and high resolution digital maps comprise a mutually reinforcing system that pilots Model S along the highway, staying within your lane, even in stop and go traffic.

๐Ÿš˜ AutoPilot with Real-Time Learning โ€“ RealTime automated feedback from Tesla’s fleet of over 100,000 of Model S and X Cars. Think about it. All Tesla Car’s onboard Computers are periodically reporting to the “Mother Ship” information about the accuracy of its AutoPilot functions and Driver Assist features.

๐Ÿš˜ AutoPilot โ€“ If the Tesla Computer is driving “off course” where the Driver intercedes with a “course correction” the Car’s onBoard Computer makes note of these “autonomous driving errors” and transmits each occurrence to Tesla’s home office. All these course corrections and adjustments from all over the world, from Tesla’s Fleet of over 100,000 cars are assimilated. Software engineers will augment the navigation program accordingly, to ensure these systems are continually Learning and Improving upon itself. Tesla transmits a “Smarter, Trained, AutoPilot” into your Model S, Model X, Model 3 Computer system, periodically.

๐Ÿš˜ Dual Motor Model S is a categorical improvement on conventional all-wheel drive systems. With two motors, one in the front and one in the rear, Model S digitally and independently controls torque to the front and rear wheels. The result is unparalleled traction control in all road and climate conditions.

๐Ÿš˜ Model S, it’s two Motors are lighter, smaller, and more efficient than the Gasoline Car counterparts, providing both improved Range and faster Acceleration. In contrast, conventional all-wheel drive cars employ complex mechanical linkages and transaxles to distribute power from a single engine to all four wheels. This sacrifices energy efficiency in favor of all-weather traction.

๐Ÿš˜ Model S Performance comes standard with All-Wheel Drive Dual Motors, pairing the high performance rear motor with a high efficiency front motor to achieve “SuperCar” acceleration, from zero to 60 miles per hour in 2.8 seconds.

๐Ÿš˜ Model S is Built around the Driver โ€“ Model S is a Car-Driver’s car. The cabin combines meticulous noise-abatement engineering with Tesla’s uniquely quiet powertrain to obtain the Sound Dynamics of a Recording Studio. Having recently driven the Model S, one of the most stunning observations Driving the Model S is the “Total Silence” one experiences when putting on a Pair of BOSE noise-cancelling Headphones.

๐Ÿš˜ Touchscreen โ€“ The Model S is controlled an impressive 17″ touchscreen, is the interior centerpiece, high-resolution Display. The LCD display is angled toward the Driver and includes both day and night modes for better visibility without distraction. The Display puts rich and important content at the Driver’s fingertips providing mobile [cellular] connectivity. The Driver can easily find a destination, favorite song, or a new restaurant, PLUS the display controls most of the car’s functions. Opening the all glass panoramic roof, customizing the automatic climate control, setting the AutoPilot parameters, changing the radio station, all happen with a swipe or a touch. The touchscreen, digital instrument cluster, and steering wheel controls seamlessly integrate media, navigation, communications, cabin controls and vehicle data.

๐Ÿš˜ Model S is designed from the ground up to be the safest car on the road, according to Tesla. Much of its safety is owed to the unique electric drivetrain and the 1200 pound Battery pack that sits beneath the car’s aluminum occupant cell in its own subframe. This unique positioning substantially lowers the car’s center of gravity, which improves handling and minimizes rollover risk, and replaces the heavy engine block with impact absorbing boron steel rails.

๐Ÿš˜ Side impacts are met by aluminum pillars reinforced with steel rails to reduce intrusion, protecting occupants and the battery pack while improving roof stiffness. In the event of an accident, eight airbags protect front and rear occupants, and the 90 kWh Battery [a high-voltage 400v DC, 225 Amp array of LiOn Cells] is automatically disconnected.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla Launch Event of for the Model X โ€“ Sept 29, 2015 by Tesla Motors โ€“ https://vimeo.com/140889963

๐Ÿš˜ According to Tesla Motors, the Model X is the safest, fastest and most capable sport utility vehicle in history. With all-wheel drive and a 90 kWh battery providing 257 miles of range [an EPA stat], Model X has ample seating for up to seven adults [with 3 seating options] and all of their gear. The Model X itโ€™s ludicrously fast, accelerating from zero to 60 MPH in as quick as 3.2 seconds [with High Performance Option]. Model X is the no-compromise SUV.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla states that it’s Model X is designed with safety as the first priority. The floor-mounted 1200 pound battery lowers the center of gravity so that the risk of rollover is “half the risk” any other SUV in its class. The battery structure strengthens Model X against side impact intrusions. Without a gasoline engine, the Model X’s large front trunk acts as a giant impact-absorbing crumple zone. Tesla’s own internally conducted crash testing indicates that Model X has the expectation, to be the first SUV to receive the highest safety rating in every category; although as of this writing, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has not yet conducted crash testing on the Model X.

๐Ÿš˜ Active Safety: Model X continually scans the surrounding roadway with cameras, radar and sonar systems, providing the driver with real-time feedback to help avoid collisions. Even at highway speeds, Model X is designed to automatically apply brakes in an emergency.

๐Ÿš˜ Falcon Wing doors allow easy access to second and third row seats from even a tight parking space, while traditional SUV doors or Minivan sliding doors would not grant any access.

๐Ÿš˜ With only a foot of clearance on either side, Falcon Wing doors articulate smoothly up and out of the way, allowing passengers to enter from both front and rear directions. The side and overhead opening is so large that parents can buckle children in without ducking or straining and without bumping their child’s head on the roof.

๐Ÿš˜ Aerodynamic, Model X is able to achieve 257 miles of range in part because it is the most aerodynamic SUV in production. With a Drag Coefficient of 0.24, Model X’s Wind Resistance is 20% lower than the next best SUV, better than most all other Cars period. In addition, an active spoiler deploys from the rear lift-gate optimizes highway efficiency and stability.

๐Ÿš˜ Big Sky Effect โ€“ Model X has the largest all glass panoramic windshield in production, providing an unparalleled view of the road, scenery, stars, and sky above. Optimized solar-tinting and obstruction-free view, creates unlimited visibility for the driver and all passengers.

๐Ÿš˜ Autopilot โ€“ Tesla’s Autopilot performs the following comprehensive tasks (A) assists Model S with steering, by keeping the Car within your Lane, (B) Change lanes with the simple tap of a turn signal (C) Manages Speed by using active, traffic-aware cruise control assuring safe following distance from the Car ahead (D) Digitally controls the motors, brakes, and steering mechanisms, to help avoid collisions from either Frontally and Sides (E) Prevents the car from wandering off the road, as often occurs when a sleepy driver dozes.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla AutoPilot also enables your car to Scan for an adequate Parking Space, and will Parallel Park on the Driver’s command. Tesla’s Summon, is a new feature that permits the Driver to “Call your Car” using your iPhone. When the Driver Summon’s their Car, the AutoPilot controls the car where it self-drives your empty Car, to meet you at your Front Door, all systems on GO. Tesla’s Autopilot features are progressively enabled over time with periodic software updates. The latest software update 7.0 added the “Summon” feature mentioned above.

๐Ÿš˜ Automatic Steering with Traffic Aware Cruise Control โ€“ Active sensors combined with GPS and high resolution digital maps comprise a mutually reinforcing system that pilots Model S along the highway, staying within your lane, even in stop and go traffic.

๐Ÿš˜ AutoPilot with Real-Time Learning โ€“ RealTime automated feedback from Tesla’s fleet of over 100,000 of Model S and X Cars. Think about it. All Tesla Car’s onboard Computers are periodically reporting to the “Mother Ship” information about the accuracy of its AutoPilot functions and Driver Assist features.

๐Ÿš˜ AutoPilot โ€“ If the Tesla Computer is driving “off course” where the Driver intercedes with a “course correction” the Car’s onBoard Computer makes note of these “autonomous driving errors” and transmits each to Tesla’s home office. All these course corrections and adjustments from all over the world, from Tesla’s Fleet of over 100,000 cars are assimilated, to ensure these systems are continually Learning and Improving upon itself. Tesla transmits a “Smarter, Trained, AutoPilot” into your Model S, Model X, Model 3 Computer system, periodically.

๐Ÿš˜ Seating for Seven โ€“ Model X comfortably seats seven people in three rows: 2F, 3M, 2R. Every seat is the best seat in the house; however, the Middle Row of 3 seats are a work of art. Mounted on a single post and independently reclining, each second row seat is designed to maximize passenger comfort, legroom, under seat storage and access to the third row. The third row seats fold flat when not in use and the second row seats lean forward and out of the way for even more cargo area

๐Ÿš˜ Technology and Specifications
โ€ข Regular over-the-air updates add safety and navigation features, enhance performance and improve the driver experience
โ€ข Free Charge-ups at Tesla’s Supercharger network
โ€ข Maps and navigation with real-time traffic information
โ€ข Center console with a quick connect iPhone dock
โ€ข GPS enabled Homelink
โ€ข Electric All-Wheel Drive for max efficiency/traction
โ€ข Active safety technologies: side collision avoidance, automatic emergency braking
โ€ข Parking sensors and blind spot warning
โ€ข Full LED headlamps
โ€ข Power-folding, heated side mirrors
โ€ข Up to four LATCH child seat attachments
โ€ข Largest glass panoramic windshield in production, providing unparalleled views
โ€ข Falcon Wing doors allow access to 2nd, 3rd row seats
โ€ข Automatic keyless entry
โ€ข Automatic rear lift-gate opening
โ€ข Large interior storage capacity of 77 cubic feet
โ€ข Front trunk with room for luggage, strollers or golf bags
โ€ข Warranty is 8 years, infinite mile Battery and Drive Unit
โ€ข Warranty is 4 years, 50,000 mile limit for entire Car

๐Ÿš˜ Admittedly, before engaging with our Tesla Comparisons, it was believed that the Model S was the Larger Car, yes, the “S” is likely lower to the Ground, and it is. Having seen both cars “up close and personal” the Model S visually gives the appearance of being a Heavier, Longer and Wider machine.

๐Ÿš˜ Comparison-List of Specs for Model X and Model S for 9โƒฃ key measures; the results were quite surprising. Here are a few of the biggest surprises: the Model X is 624 Pounds Heavier, The Model X is Wider by 4″, it’s also Longer by 2″, and more Shoulder Room by 3″ Wider, Head Room is almost 3″ Taller for those big guys, and Hip Room is over 4″ Wider too.

๐Ÿš˜ Truthfully, I’m already “Sold on the entire Tesla concept” however, Comparing both Models. But after a fairly extensive research effort, to render this article worthwhile, my 1st choice Model changed, back and forth, both ways, this way and that way… I thought this would be an easy pick. Selecting a Car is a personal matter. The Style, Look, Power, AWD, RWD, Utility, Speed, Range, Software, Suspension, Colors and Materials… Which Model is best for you, the “X” or the “S” ? Read on, it may help with your selection.

๐Ÿš˜ The Challenge as Electric Vehicles become “Mainstream” particularly in light of Tesla’s new Model 3 Reveal, midnight (March 31st-April 1st) just three weeks ago, Tesla received over 325,000 Reservation Deposits of $1000 in One Week. This is an unheard of huge global “Reservation-List” for a new Car that no one at the time had actually seen yet, albeit an affordable $35,000 beauty. (We’ve collected some stunning pictures and video clips below).

๐Ÿš˜ Whether it’s TESLA Cars or the other 25-flavors of electric cars sold in the US last year, for example, the Top Three: 92,700 Chevy Volts, 92,500 Nissan Leafs, 63,100 Tesla Model S Cars, are among the 410,000 electric vehicles sold last year, plus 12,200 charging stations and 30,700 Public Charging points in the US. Where are all those Charging locations that have the “Type of Juice” a Tesla requires? How much will it Take? How many Miles can be driven with an Electric Fill-Up? In a Reasonable amount of Time… how much Time?

๐Ÿš˜ The Buzz Words, AC, DC, kWh, SAE-J1772, CHAdeMO, RPH not MPH, DC not CD, Current-Flow, no more High-Test or Low-Test… So What’s with the Watts, Range, Amps, Volts, Bolts and Leafs. Fear Not, scroll-down to this “โ€“โ€“Previously Reportedโ€“โ€“” marker, where we’ve explained many of these terms, which serves as a guide for your New Tesla, to keep you energized and literally Charged. Globally, there are over 1.2 Billion Gas and Electric cars driving on the roads today, with over 600,000 electric cars last year.

๐Ÿš˜ Model X Proposed Order formulated on Tesla’s Design Center showing options selected.

๐Ÿš˜ Model S Range Per Charge chart shows four Model S configurations showing the (Milage) Range for a fully charged Model S, that you’d anticipate depending on the Battery Size of 70 kWh or the 90 kWh, and Motor D configuration (2-wheel drive or 4-wheel drive) selections. Notice, Ambient Temperature was turned up to 90ยบF, Average driving speed was set at 45mph, and the A/C On, using 19″ wheels.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla Model S 90D Achieves over 400 Mile Range on One Charge, is very impressive, as no other Electric Car has even half this Range. [443 Mile Range with A/C off, 392 Mile Range with A/C on, average driving speed 45mph]. Tesla says, each year, their engineers expect its LiON Battery Technologies will improve kWh Capacity and Range by around 5%-to-10% per Year, due to engineering efficiencies and improvements of the LiON cell structure and chemistry. These individual LiON-Cells are quite important; The 90 kWh LiON battery contains 7104 cells housed within 16 modules, containing 444 cells in each module. [Each Module delivers 25v DC at 225 Amps. The Math: 16 Modules at 25v DC equals 400 vDC at 225Amps, which equals 90kWh of Power.] Tesla’s Lithium Battery pack containing a “bazillion small cells” [well 7104 cells] was probably my biggest surprise.

๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA has been thinking about these topics that only great automotive engineers consider regarding Fuel (electric or gas) Efficiency, the $Cost/Mile driven; however, lets keep it simple for now, by excluding these important items: Tire replacement, Drivers’ aggressive driving habits (hard acceleration, braking, hard turns), the engine, drivetrain, fuel-grade, etc. Let’s exclude all the items above, and read on.

๐Ÿš˜ The following items, are very important “external factors” engineers are very interested in, that effect (Milage) $Cost/Mile efficiency: (1) Wind Resistance on the Car’s external surfaces (Coefficient of Aerodynamic Drag), overall-shape, front-grill, door-handles, antennas, windshield-wipers (2) Tire Friction, the interaction of the tires on the paved streets, camber, caster, alignment and (3) the Wheel-Bearings. All these factors require [more] energy to overcome their effect on Car’s performance.

๐Ÿš˜ Considering all these Internal and External Engineering Factors, TESLA has designed a precision 4-door sedan using electric propulsion… winning awards from the entire automotive industry globally, combined with over 80,000 pleased Tesla Model S owners. Elon Musk while on-stage said, the gross margins on the Model S sales, helped to finance the development their new Model 3 Car unveiled April 1 at midnight. While on stage, Musk thanked the audience for buying the Model S… or else the “Model 3 would not be here this evening…” The Model 3 being Tesla’s answer for a truly “affordable electric car” priced at $35,000 for the mainstream.

๐Ÿš˜ Currently, Tesla Motors builds their Model S and Model X to the specifications defined by each Buyer as they order their Custom TESLAs. Currently the Tesla production-line is delivering over 4,100 Tesla cars per month, a bit over 50,000 cars/year during 2015. Next year Model S production is planned to ramp-up to 100,000 cars/year. In 2018 Tesla will begin ramping-up their new Model 3 affordable, $35,000 car for the masses, in effort to satisfy some portion of the 325,000 reservations it received within a week of the Model-3 REVEAL on 4/1/16.

๐Ÿš˜ That said, let’s build our Model S Car with a good selection of features, as Tesla decided that they are building each Car for each Buyer, “Build-to-Order” plan, not the reverse. Many other car manufacturers produce cars with company designed options, filling Car Lots with large inventories of Cars they Hope the folks will desire.

๐Ÿš˜ First Step is to decide about the 70 kWh Battery or the 90 kWh Battery. The larger 90 kWh battery pack will provide more power and greater Range (miles) per Full Charge. In gasoline terms, do we want a Larger “Fuel Tank” or a smaller one. Since Electric Vehicles are charged in one’s residential garage, and when on the highways, the number of Tesla SuperChargers, it’s charger infrastructures of 615 current Stations, is not fully developed; therefore we’d recommend the Longest-Range battery available, to mitigate the issue of fewer Fast-Fueling (Charger) locations.

๐Ÿš˜ Several years from now, having the Largest Battery [largest fuel tank] may be not as important a consideration, as it is today. Therefore, lets select the 90 kWh Battery. Next, do we recommend 2-wheel drive or 4-wheel drive. With the Model S there are several combinations of choices, for battery size and 2-Wheel or All-Wheel drive. The 90D gives an excellent balance of Range, Power, and 4-Wheel drive.

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA’s Model S 90D All-Wheel drive is Recommended as displayed above. If one desired greater performance, then the P90D could have been selected for a $20,000 premium. The Model S 90D selection is provides an excellent balance of power and range with a base price of $89,000. Let’s recommend this model.

๐Ÿš˜ Next, let’s select the exterior Paint Color, Interior treatments, Panoramic Roof and Wheels. Let’s pick fire engine RED for the Car’s exterior color, a $1500 extra, the panoramic all glass roof for $1500, Next Gen Leather for $2500, standard wheels, Dark Ash wood interior treatment, and the Black Headliner. This brings the Model S price to $98,000 which includes the $3000 Premium interior package shown below.

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA’s Model S: An Important Option to consider is their High Amp Charger package, also known as the Dual-Charger package for $1500. This electronics package is [simply] a more powerful AC-to-DC [internal, under the hood] Converter. If you do not have this High Amp package, you will be trapped at an annoyingly “Very Slow Fill Rate” particularly, when you’re in a hurry during the day. [My guess Tesla will eventually include this as “Standard” equipment.]

๐Ÿš˜ Think about the number of times you’re Driving around town on ยผTank. This High Amp Kit permits the Car to be Charged at TWICE the RPH rate (range per hour) with a Public Charger, or your Garage. (in Technical terms for your electrician, the Power requirements: a 100Amp, 240v AC dedicated circuit.) When you Plug into this high power circuit, it permits a FAST-Charge Rate of 60 miles of Range Per Hour, or 60 minutes of Charging, this is RPH. Therefore, plugging-in over night, with 3 hours of charging we’d add 180 miles of driving Range. With the 90 kWh battery, in 3-5 hours we’d get a complete Fill-Up of power for the next days’ driving. This is important, BUT more importantly, is “Filling” your TESLA at a Curb-side Public Charger for 20 miles of Range with only 20 minutes of charging. [We are now at $99,500 for this Car, but we’re not quite done. There are several other Options to consider.]

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA’s Model S AutoPilot Convenience Feature. This package is an on-board Software package installed onto the Car’s Computer System. The Hardware is already included with all Tesla cars. AutoPilot operates by assisting the Driver to stay in-Lane on highways, assists in changing lanes by using its 360ยบ array of sensors to guide the Car when you want to change lanes, it also checks for any cars in front or you, plus left & right sides, making sure there is ample and safe distance from the car in front, and adjusting speed up-or-down, to maintain a safe margins. This system also provides for automated Parallel Parking. Tesla as been improving the Tesla onboard computer, presently up to software upgrade 7.1. Tesla will improve and upgrade the Car’s software from time to time [at 3am] when your sleeping… adding new and improved capabilities.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla is committed to new innovations for its “AutoPilot” program, adding features, to enhance the Driver experience, for Public safety, plus Driver safety and convenience. Elon Musk says Tesla’s GOAL is to have their Tesla AutoPilot function as a true Autonomous-Driving experience, once fully tested and obtains Government DOT approval, said to be “achieved in several years, less than 5.” My thoughts, if we’re buying a $100k+ car, let’s spend another 2.5% and get this amazing driver-assist. Let’s include this $2500 option. [Our next article may be only about Tesla’s AutoPilot, it’s that exciting.]

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA’s Model S Ultra High Fidelity Sound System. Yes, let’s recommend incredible Sound for a very special Ultra-Quite Car. This system redefines the automotive audio experience, but is more than a bigger amplifier and more speakers. This is a $2500 option likely worth the added expense; having driven the Model S several months ago, the sound system gives the impression that you’ve entered a “Recording Studio Sound Stage.” Pure, Clean, Detailed, Undistorted, Sound, surrounding You and your Passengers, which otherwise is totally quite with No engine noise nor noticeable road-roar, even when driving at expressway speeds. [We are now up to a $104,500 Model S package. Almost done with Options to consider.]

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA’s Model S: Air Suspension is Very Smart. This package permits the Car to be intelligently elevated [further] above street grade, to handle steep driveways or undulating roads, where having greater ground-clearance is safe and beneficial. The onboard Computer system remembers where the driver made this onScreen manual elevation-adjustment; When you drive to this same GPS position, the Car will elevate automatically. When you arrive at your driveway or a restaurant, or where Passengers are unloading, the Driver can manually increase the elevation of the Car, making for an improved exit-experience for yourself, your passengers, and their baggage. We have now completed the Option-package recommendations; the Model S is priced at $108,200 including Tesla’s $1200 delivery charge and documentation costs.

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA’s Model S final configuration including all the chosen options are displayed in the graphic below. Recall, Tesla has chosen the Customize your Car, “Build-to-Order” business model. Our Car with the options we desire are ordered with a $2500 refundable deposit; Once your Build-to-Order Custom Car enters the Production Line your $2500 deposit, becomes non-refundable. [Buyers are notified (warned) prior to their deposit going “hard”.] Your car should be ready for delivery in about 6 weeks based on Tesla’s current back-log of orders to be filled, or thereafter if we chose a later delivery date, giving consideration for Tesla’s then Production delay.

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA’s Model S: Final Configuration with Recommended Options, earns an EPA rating of 103 eMPG, the “electric” equivalency of MPG. When charging the Model S with an electric-utility cost of 12ยข/kWh, our Fuel-Cost in miles driven is 3.95ยข/mile, therefore for 15,000 miles driven, the EPA has determined the Annual Cost is $600. According to the EPA in five years the total cost savings is $9,600 as compared to an equivalent Gasoline Powered car. [There is extensive testing performed by the EPA with factory interaction to establish fair EPA Disclosure stickers.]

๐Ÿš˜ In Sum, assuming the Federal Government continues its $7,500 Tax Incentive, combined with the $9,600 five year savings in fuel cost, we’d experience an Overall Savings of $17,100 in Five Years and if she retained the Car for 8 years, we’d save another $5,760 for 3 more years, reaching the 8-year warranty expiration. Our new Tesla Model S car’s cost is $108,200 delivered, (less $17,100 and $5,760) Savings Total of $22,860 for a Model S net cost $85,340 which had an 8 Year [unlimited milage] Battery warranty, and 8 years on the Motor and Drive unit.

Tesla Model X Purchase Summary with Options is consistent with the Model S choices outlined above. Apparently, the four items below, are Options at an extra [$6500] cost for the Model S, however, for Model X these same items are “Standard” and “included” in the base price of the Car: (A) All Glass Panoramic Roof [$1500] (B) 20″ Premium Wheels [$2500] (C) Black Alcantara Headliner (D) Smart Suspension [$2500]. If visiting http://www.Tesla.com in their Design Studio for the Model X, there are selections for added Seating for up to 7 passengers, otherwise the Model X seats 5 comfortably.

Compare Tesla Model S with Model X Physical Specifications. When examining the specifications of these two Cars, the Model X external Car Body is longer in length and wider in width; Either Car Body is attached to the exact same Wheel Base Frame. Without getting into the weeds, both Cars have the exact same wheel-base, front wheel tracking, and rear wheel tracking. However, there are nine important differences worth mentioning listed below

1โƒฃ Model X Curb Weight is 5,271 Pounds, Heavier by 624 pounds, surprisingly
2โƒฃ Model X Length, overall is 16’6″, Longer by about 2.3″
3โƒฃ Model X Width, overall, Mirrors folded is 7’5″, Wider by about 4.2″
4โƒฃ Model X Ground Clearance is 7.55″, Higher Above-Ground by 1.9″
5โƒฃ Model X Shoulder Room is 60.7″, Wider by 3.0″, noticeable by Big folks
6โƒฃ Model X Leg Room Average is 39.8″, Longer by 0.4″, no one will notice
7โƒฃ Model X Head Room is 41.7″, Higher by 2.9″, noticeable by Tall folks
8โƒฃ Model X Hip Room Rear Seats is 59.0″, Wider by 4.3″, noticeable by Big folks
9โƒฃ Model X Cargo Room is 77 cu.ft., Larger by 46 cu.ft. due to Hatchback design

๐Ÿ”‹ High-Power DC Charger Stations are the future of Electric Vehicles adoption by the masses. This is the Main reason Tesla is building a huge infrastructure of SuperCharger Stations. The drive-in charger lanes deliver 120 kWh of DC directly into Tesla Cars, where you can add 170 miles of Range in 30 minutes, or 100 miles of Range in 20 minutes, etc. Cost and over-heating issues, limit the power levels an EV Car’s internal rectifier-circuit can handle in the vehicle. Therefore, for power requirements over 240vAC at 80 Amps (19.2 kWh), external charging station are more efficient delivering DC power directly into the vehicle’s LiON battery. Combine these factors with the EV industry’s desire to “Refill EV Cars quickly…”

Visit Tesla’s Charging Calculator, to change Energy cost or another parameter. (All samples displayed are set for $0.12/kWh the US average for Electricity) This Link contains the Charging Calculator, then scroll-Down to the Calculator. https://www.teslamotors.com/models-charging#/calculator.

Charging Examples displayed below Demonstrate a Residential Garage setup, using a 100A, 240v AC dedicated circuit, for charging all Tesla Models that contain the $1500 optional High Amperage Charger. This setup in the Car and in the Garage, delivers 19.2 kWh of Power into the Car’s High Amperage Charger which converts the high power AC to DC to energize the massive 1200 pound Tesla Battery pack.




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๐Ÿš˜ Tesla New 24 Month Lease Plan ๐Ÿš˜ Looks Very Attractive ๐Ÿš˜

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๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Motors corporate office sent out an email blast Today, stating that it is Now Offering a 24-Month Lease Plan, that has been added to its currently offered 36-month Lease. Tesla says “providing a 24 month Lease Option” is fulfilling one of Tesla’s most popular customer requests, other than a Real 400 mile Range Battery.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla listened and Launched a limited-time test [3 week] of this new 24-month lease for Model S and Model X cars. These leases start at $593/month โ€“ this new 24-month lease program was designed just for new customers to drive-electric today. This 24 month lease is available on all Model S and X orders placed by September 12th, 2016, when the 24-Month Lease Plan Ends.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla says “A 24-month lease option is one of our most popular requests. We listened and are launching a limited time test of a 2-year lease on Model S and Model X. Starting at only $593/month, our new 2-year lease program was designed just for you to drive electric today, and is available on all Model S and X orders placed by September 12th.

๐Ÿ”˜ For additional savings, combine this offer with the Tesla Referral Program and apply a $1,000 credit towards your configuration. Just get the special personal code of any Tesla owner and enter it at the time of order.

๐Ÿ”˜ “Itโ€™s never been more affordable to experience the exhilarating performance and extraordinary safety of the groundbreaking Tesla Model S sedan and Model X SUV” Tesla said. With the best safety-rating of any car ever built, and equipped with driver assistance Autopilot features that steer, change lanes and control speed, Teslaโ€™s zero-emissions vehicles have revolutionized the modern driving experience.

๐Ÿ”˜ Go directly to Tesla Motors to calculate the 24 month and 36 month Lease payment for Model X and Model S: https://www.tesla.com/support/tesla-leasing

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla’s 24 Month Lease is a Great Marketing Plan in my humble opinion. Tesla is constantly upgrading and refining its cars almost weekly at the Production Line; Therefore Tesla offering shorter term lease, [like the current 24 month experiment] gives the Tesla Driver an opportunity to turn-in their Leased Car more frequently.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla’s 24 Month Lease Plan will create a 2-year recycle for Tesla Cars for retrofitting new systems, and providing Tesla Drivers a New Car upgrade path. Repeat Tesla Car Drivers will obtain all the new features built into TeslaCars every 24-months… Auto Pilot hardware improvements, new Digital Cameras, improved Radar, longer range Ultrasonic Sensors, new on-board Computer package, better Driving Range, more efficient Systems, which are all huge Customer and Tesla opportunities.

๐Ÿ”˜ A sizable number of potential Tesla customers are waiting on the sidelines, like myself, until Tesla delivers a longer-range Battery. There are a limited number of Fast Charger Stations [currently under 700 in the entire USA], as compared to 160,000 Gas Stations. The Model X and Model S currently have capacities for only about 200 Mile Driving Range [marginally higher Range for the Model S, analysis below].

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla’s New 24 Month Lease Plan is primarily focus of this Article. However, Range is a very important obstacle for “Going All Electric.” Shortening the Lease commitment to 24 months for Customers, may attract more New Clients. But, we need to understand the Energy Issue, as this is on the minds of folks considering All Electric Transport.

๐Ÿ”ท Charging at any Tesla Super Charger Station, currently requires 30-Minutes to receive 170 Miles Range “pumped” into the LiON Battery safely. This Limitation is due to the LiON Battery Chemistry. There is a definite Limit on the Quantity of Power current LiON Cells can safely Receive. And, we are speaking about 90 Thousand Kilowatts; a huge amount of Power.

๐Ÿ”ท For Perspective, the Power to Service our 1500 SF Apartment in South Florida having 300 Amp Service of 240 vAC Power, equals 72 kWh of Max Power. As we run the Appliance, Clothes Washer & Dryer, the A/C System, the Ranges, Refrigerators, my electric Billing was recently 1350 kWh of Power last Month, which coincidentally equals 45 kWh/Day. Therefore, Tesla’s 90kWh battery is roughly equivalent to the Power Required to Run our entire South Florida residence for Two Hot Summer Days.

๐Ÿ”ท Tesla’s Future Battery Engineering will attempt to accomplish Five important LiON Battery enhancements: Battery Capacity, Charging Rate, LiON Discharge Rate, Energy Management, Heat Dissipation.

๐Ÿ”ท Increase Power Capacity of the LiON Cells [engineers call it increasing energy-density, more kW/Kg] is one of Tesla’s important tasks using their GigaFactory. More Power that can be Stored in smaller light weight Cells, is the Goal
๐Ÿ”ท Improve Charge Rate, designing LiON Cells that can accept more Power safely, in a Shorter Time Period is the Goal. Tesla engineers are experimenting with the Cellular Anode & Cathode terminal materials, plus the LiOn cell chemistry
๐Ÿ”ท Decrease Heat Created when Charging and Discharging LiON Cells there is a “Chemical Reaction” due to the movement of massive quantities of Electrons, creates Heat; Improving Cell Chemistry to yield better, safer efficiency is the Goal. Heat creation when charging and discharging LiON Cells is the Measure of Inefficiency. More Heat for an energy transfer, means Lower Efficiency; Less Heat for a given level of Energy transfer is More Efficient
๐Ÿ”ท Energy Management is important when LiON cells are Charging and Discharging. As LiON cells are Charged rapidly, and when LinON Cells experience any Rapid Discharge, as a Tesla Driver accelerates rapidly for example, Heat is Created within each of the Cells. Managing Cellular-Heat is an Important Safe-Energy System for Tesla Cars
๐Ÿ”ท LiON Heat Dissipation is important as Cellular Heat is Created, and currently managed using a closed-fluid circulation system, where fluid is surrounding each of the 444 LiON cells contained in each of the 16-Cell-Modular containers, the fluid is then pumped through several font-mounted Radiator Panels, to dissipate excess Heat.

๐Ÿ”ท Let’s face it, Tesla’s Fastest Charging Rate is currently 5ยพ Miles of “Juice” Per Minute Charged. [Math is simple (170Miles)/(30Minutes)=5ยพ Miles/Minute]

๐Ÿ”ท Typical Gasoline Car, a Fill-Up occurs in 5 Minutes, providing the Car with 350 Miles Range. The following table are Super Charger Station charge-times and Miles Range added to a 90 kWh Battery:

๐Ÿ”ท Tesla SuperCharger, 5 Minute Charge yields 30 Mile Range
๐Ÿ”ท SuperCharger, 10 Minute Charge yields 55 Mile Range Added
๐Ÿ”ท SuperCharger, 15 Minute Charge yields 85 Mile Range Added
๐Ÿ”ท SuperCharger, 20 Minute Charge yields 110 Mile Range Added
๐Ÿ”ท SuperCharger, 30 Minute Charge yields 170 Mile Range Added
๐Ÿ”ท SuperCharger, 75 Minute Charge yields 225 Mile Range Added

๐Ÿ”ท Few Folks are comfortable waiting 15 minutes for an 85 Mile Range Added

๐Ÿ”ท Most Tesla Drivers have many years of Gas Station Pumping experience โ€“ with an average 5-Minute Gas Fill-Up, the Fill-Up adds 350+ Miles of Range into their Gas-Guzzler’s Fuel Tank.

๐Ÿ”ท New Tesla Drivers are Experiencing “Super-Charger-Shock” with relatively Long charge-times, either around town or on a road trip.

๐Ÿ”ท Tesla is currently publishing the Model X 90D Car’s Range at 257 EPA rated Miles. But, you have to reduce the 257 EPA Range by 32% to determine the Real Driving-Miles Range.

๐Ÿ”ท Model X 90D 90kWh Range is 257 in EPA Rated Miles, equates to 175 Miles Real Range. detailed analysis below.

๐Ÿ”ท Question: For a 5,200 pound Luxury SUV, is a 9ยพ Gallon Gas Tank sufficient ?? Of course Not. Tesla and many of the Tesla’s-Fanboys would have you believe that 175 Miles of Real Range is just fine. Baloney ! Forget about EPA Raged Mile Range, as it has nothing to do with real-life Miles of Range. Here is a real-life example…

๐Ÿ”ท Our HONDA Crosstour earned an EPA Milage Rating of 24MPG. Combine this Milage with a 17.5 Gallon Fuel-Tank, it yields = 420 Miles of Range. More Baloney, this Never Happens! Our Honda has an onboard trip-computer that registers the actual driving-milage with the A/C and accessories in use… which averages an actual 16.5MPG. The Math is simple:

๐Ÿ”ท (17.5Gallons)x(16.5Miles/Gallon) = 288 Miles, Miles of Real Range. There you have it, this 68% figure comes up again. Math: 288/420=68%.

๐Ÿ”ท Regardless of the 175 Real Mile Range of the Model X 90D, there may be some encouragement or incentives. New Tesla Model X and S car Orders, have a new “Lease Teaser Plan” a 24-Month Lease Plan. Then you’d realize how much Range you are really getting and really need. Therefore for a well equipped Model X which I have specified below, a $92,000 Model X 90D, (Options: Suspension, Sound, AutoPilot, Fast Charge, 6-White Seats) โ€“ For a 24 month Lease, Lease payments ($1425/month) and up-front costs totaling $42,000, One can Try Tesla’s New 90D Model X for 2 years of driving.

๐Ÿ”ท For Yours Truly, a 9ยพ Fuel Tank is a Deal Killer, particularly with less than 700 Super Charger Stations in operation for the entire continental US. See paragraph below.

๐Ÿ”ท Tesla Battery, the current 90 kWh Battery contained in a 5,200 pound Model X 90D Luxury SUV is functionally equivalent to a Lexus SUV having a 9ยพ Gallon Gas Tank (driving at 18MPG). When Tesla releases their 100 kWh Battery, the 175 Mile Range of the 90 kWh Car increases by 11% to 195 Mile Range. IMHO, this range is the functional equivalent of a “Commuter Luxury Car” with a 10ยพ Gallon Gas Tank.

๐Ÿ”ท Would anyone in their right mind be satisfied with a 10ยพ Gallon Gas Tank in their luxury SUV?? The Tesla “folks and fanboys” are trying to convince the rest of us, that 10ยพ Gallon Gas Tank is FINE. Baloney! We all know Luxury SUV’s have twice the Fuel-Tank capacity. Surely Tesla Gets it. This is how we come up with a 200 kWh Battery based on present day LiON Chemistry. If a 100 kWh Battery will yield 195 Miles Real Range, then a 200 kWh Battery will yield 390 Miles of Real Range. When 390 Miles of Real Range happens (not EPA Rated miles), We too will be Ordering our Model X.

๐Ÿ”ท When Tesla delivers a 200 kWh Battery, this capacity would produce about 400 Miles of Real Driving Range.

๐Ÿ”˜ Model 3 Advanced Unveiling is Coming Soon. In case you forgot, here is a 4 minute YouTube reminder of the first-ride in the New Model 3 on the grounds of SpaceX. http://tiny.cc/ic99dy

ยผ ยฝ ยพ

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Model X โ€ข 100 kWh Battery Range Math: 288 Miles EPA Range = 195 Miles Real Range ๐Ÿ”˜

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Motors is Ready to Release a More Powerful 100 kWh LiON Battery Pack; It looks like TESLA is preparing to replace the existing 90 kWh Battery sooner than most expect (with an EPA estimated 257 Mile Range for the Model X, 294 Miles for the Model S). Tesla already updated the 70 kWh battery capacity to 75 kWh. Let’s focus on the Model X for the following Battery-Range Math.

๐Ÿ”˜ Model X’s 257 Miles of Range is not so bad overall, But… and this is a really BIG BUT, 257 Miles of EPA Rated Range computes to just 175 Miles of real driving Range. Below, is a detailed explanation. Therefore be Cautioned, if you want to drive your Tesla out of town periodically, it may be wise to select the Battery with THE MOST Capacity available, {As of 8/19/2016 the choices are 60 kWh, 75 kWh, 90 kWh}, unless you have short commutes, run errands locally, and do not intend to take road trips. Presently, there are not enough TESLA Super Charger Stations, to take the chance with a 175 mile range Car.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Model X Car with a 100 kWh Battery should achieve 288 miles of Range. But the “real drivable” Miles of Range is a figure significantly lower than 288. Let’s dissect the Range figure โ€“ In the First place, Tesla recommends “for the Health and Longevity of the Car’s LiON Battery, one should routinely charge the Battery to only 90%, unless you’re going on a trip, there goes -29 miles of range Off the Top.

๐Ÿ”˜ With your Model X and Model S Cars, you have two choices, follow Tesla’s Battery Health Advice to routinely Charge to only 90%, or Charge to 100% and run the risk of Limiting the Useful Life of your Car’s LiON Battery. Generally, when Editors, Factories and Governments estimate range, it is assumed that accessories are turned OFF, (likely because they can’t all agree to a standard of which group of accessories are ON or OFF). Choosing “Accessories OFF” tends to inflate MPG Milage and Battery Range statistics.

๐Ÿ”˜ Well, We’re going to drive the beautiful Model X with the A/C running to 70ยบF… we’re going to use the $2500 Autopilot Driver Assist package, we’re also going to listen to the amazing $2500 optional Sound System, will use all the $4500 stunning Lighting, Air Purification,Creature Comfort systems, and use the $2500 Smart Suspension, and the other advanced systems.

๐Ÿ”˜ Model X โ€“ Run Tesla’s Exciting Audio, Climate Control and other Advanced Systems mentioned โ€“ These systems will consume roughly 12% of the Car’s Power โ€“ this represents about -35 Miles of Range. We must also provide for a Fuel-Reserve similar to that employed in Gas Cars โ€“ there goes another -29 Miles of Range. These deductions in Battery Power, (or Range) add up…

๐Ÿ”˜ In Sum, for Tesla’s New 100 kWh LiON Battery with an estimated 288 Mile Range, is really 195 Miles of Range โ€“ the 100 kWh Battery {likely released in 2016} with a 288 projected Model X Range, is really a Battery Pack with 195 Miles of Usable Driving Range. The devil is in the details.

๐Ÿ”˜ Here is the Math, Range is: {288-(29+35+29)}=195. In Sum, these are the Range deductions from the Battery:

๐Ÿ”น Battery Health: -29 Mile Range
๐Ÿ”น Run the A/C: -35 Mile Range
๐Ÿ”น Fuel Reserve: -29 Mile Range
๐Ÿ”น Drivers should not enter the garage with zero power in the Battery, nor Zero Gas in the Tank. Of course, since Electric Car drivers generally have a Charger in the Garage. Drivers could take the risk and push the Reserve a bit. With the few number of Tesla Super Chargers, running out of “Juice” is risky business.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla’s release of the 75 kWh Battery includes a “Software Switch” taking the 75 kWh capacity down to 60 kWh in effort to create “entry level” pricing for the Model X and S cars, to $74,000 and $66,000 respectively. Tesla also eliminated the 85 kWh battery months ago , and replaced it with their currently available 90 kWh battery… Presently the 100 kWh Power Pack appears to be ready for release, we’re estimating an EPA Range of 328 Miles.

๐Ÿ”˜ There is something Magical about 100 kWh, particularly when it comes to Zero Emissions Automobile Power.

๐Ÿ”˜ But there is something even More Magical: a Real 400 Mile Range! Some say, including Elon Musk, that a 400 mile range may not be necessary. Bunk! . However, converting 400 mile range, into a Gasoline Luxury car equivalent, requires a 21ยพ Gallon Fuel Tank, assuming a Luxury 4,200 pound Gasoline-Car can actually deliver 19MPG miles per gallon.

๐Ÿ”˜ Most know that most Luxury cars do not actually achieve 19MPG performance, with a City/Highway, 55%/45% driving ratio. EPA milage ratings some say are a “Quasi-Hoax” promulgated by the Government and Domestic Auto Makers, what’s left of it. Remember, when ratings are “calculated” few Accessories and no Air Conditioning are running. Turn on the A/C and the accessories, you will experience a loss of -12% Range.

๐Ÿ”˜ Conversely, Image a BMW or Mercedes Dealer saying a 13ยพ Gallon Fuel Tank is all you Need. Bunk! Similarly for the Model X 90D Car, with a 257 Mile Range for the Model X 90D is not sufficient. Turn on the A/C and a few Accessories, you loose -12% of your Range, then you’re down to 226 Mile Range.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla recommends for the Health & Longevity of the LiON Battery, do not routinely charge the Battery over 90%, this is another -10% range deduction, bringing the Tesla Model X 90D’s 257 Mile Rated Battery, to a Range of 200 Miles, Bunk!

๐Ÿ”˜ If Tesla had a 400 Mile Range Battery (a 125 kWh Battery) โ€“ How many Miles of Range do you really get. When one drives the Luxury Tesla Model X 125D, we surely are going to use all those exciting Accessories, the amazing Sound System, Lighting, and the Air Conditioner, for example; These accessories consume 12% of the Power, which equals 48 Miles of Range.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla says “for the Health of your Battery don’t charge it Over 90%.” That’s another 40 miles of Range off the Top. We are not done yet. You cant take the risk of driving into your garage at ZERO miles, we need a “Fuel Reserve. “Lets set the electric fuel reserve to 10%, equals 40 Miles of Range. As there are Too Few Charging Stations currently, the reserve could be greater than 10%. Most Gasoline Cars set their “Emergency Fuel Light” to illuminate at 40-Mile-Reserve remaining in the Tank.

๐Ÿ”˜ 400 Mile Battery is Really 272 Miles of Usable Range, [Requiring a 125 kWh Battery]. The Math for Miles of Range is simple but painful: Stated Range of 400 Miles, less 40 Miles for the Tesla recommended 10% charging factor, less 48 Miles for your use of Accessories, less 40 Miles for the Fuel Reserve. In Sum, your 400 Mile Battery is really only 272 Miles in Usable Range.

{400-[40+48+40]=272}. Therefore don’t get all Pumped Up even with a 400 Mile Range Battery, because it’s only a Driving Range of 272 Miles, about 68% of the EPA Rated Miles.

๐Ÿ”˜ How about the Model X 60D’s EPA Range of 200 Miles. Let’s apply the 68% factor derived above, 200 Miles of EPA estimated Range, yields about 135 Miles of real drivable Range. If you are going to stay in Town running errands with a short commute to work, Fine; otherwise buyer beware in taking advantage of these more affordable Tesla cars.

๐Ÿ”˜ 160,000 Gas Stations in the USA currently pumping Gas and Diesel Fuel, adding 350 to 400 Miles of Range into their Fuel Tanks, requiring less than 6 minutes for the Fill-Up. There are Far Fewer Fast Charging Stations [like less than 700] that exist across the USA to Fast Charge Tesla Electric Cars.

๐Ÿ”˜ Presently there are NO “Public EV Car Chargers” that can “Pump Juice” for 400 Miles of Range in 5 Minutes, Not in 10 Minutes, Not in 20 Minutes, Not in 30, not in 40, 50, 60, 120 or 240 Minutes for a Fill-Up. Tesla’s Super Charger Stations (682 exist in the US as of August, 2016) currently are capable of delivering 300 miles of range in 70 minutes. This problem exists Today and likely for the next few years โ€“ all the more reason why TESLA and other EV Car makers, need to deliver 400-Mile Range Cars. Remember 400 EPA Miles of Range is actually 272 Miles of Drivable Range.

๐Ÿ”˜ Two Battery Capacities for Tesla Model X and S, will be 75 kWh and 100 kWh sometime in 2016. However, 100 kWh Battery should not the end of the kWh “Race” โ€“ I’d rather call increasing Miles of Range a kWh Goal rather than a “race.” After all, it’s not really about kWh, it’s about Miles of (Drivable) Range, but these two terms Range and kWh Power are directly linked. Once the Model S and X achieve a Real 400 Miles of Range, stability with Tesla kWh Capacities will be achieved.

๐Ÿ”˜ Model X and S Luxury Cars โ€“ Two Battery Capacities should be 75 kWh and 125 kWh, all other Capacities Software-enabled, if these configurations were up to me, which of course it’s not. IMHO here is a Huge Problem: Tesla Assessing a $8500 Premium to increase a 60 kWh Battery Capacity to 75 kWh. This $8500 premium Adds 39 Mile Range seems “ludicrous,” sorry for the word choice. Perhaps absurd or ridiculous would be better word choices.

๐Ÿ”˜ Let’s add 39 Miles of Range for $8,500 โ€“ really, you’ve got to be kidding. Apparently the development costs for Tesla’s LiON Battery Pack is way “Out of Balance” with the Model X and Model S Cars’ Total Cost.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla’s Marketing strategy currently is to Lower the Entry-level Cost of the Model S to around $66,000 and Model X to $74,000 in attempt to “convert” some of the Model 3 Reservation folks to Get the Model S and X Car NOW, rather than waiting 18 months for the Model 3.

๐Ÿ”˜ In my opinion, TESLA really needs to Step-Up the LiON Battery Engineering efforts to increase LiON Power Capacities and Lower the Cost of the LiON Battery Pack. Surely, these are the Goals of their new, massive GigaFactory recently opened in Sparks, Nevada; Yes, the City’s name is Sparks.

๐Ÿ”˜ TESLA needs to accommodate their Model “X and S early Adopters” with a 400 Mile Range Model X and S Cars, call these startup costs “an Investment for the Future of Tesla.” Many of the Model X and S cars are delivered on 36 month leases. When they come back at the lease maturity, the Next Tesla Owner or Lessee, may want a commuter Model X or S with modest Range, or the Next Owner, Lessee may want Max Range. Tesla cannot “hammer” the next owners with a $20,000 up-charge for 150 Miles of Range increase…

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla is lowering expectations on the Battery Range Issue, until they can deliver a Real 400 Driving Mile Range Battery. Tesla would have to release a 200 kWh Battery based on current motor technologies.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla’s Model X and Model S Cars Run on 7,104 individual LiON Cells. It’s hard to Believe that Tesla’s 5,200 pound Luxury Car runs on thousands of Flash-Light batteries, literally 7 thousand of them. The currently discussed increase in capacity of the “LiON Battery” to the 100 kWh Capacity, albeit involving thousands of LiOn cells, is accomplished by re-Engineering the individual Cell structure and composition of rare-earths (in Tesla’s new Gigafactory) rather than simply adding more Cells.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Cars โ€“ Recall most of the entire “floor-board” for the Model X and Model S Cars, is a Steel-Encased array of 7,104 individual LiON cells, arranged into 16-modules of LiON batteries, where each module contains 444 LiON cells, delivering 25vDC. Each module contains 6 Rows of 74 LiON batteries.

๐Ÿ”˜ Battery LiON Cells Count and the LiON Power Math, both relatively simple: The LiON battery Cell count for 16 Modules, each containing 444 LiON Cells: {16x(6×74)=7,104}. The Electric Math is simple too: 16 Modules delivering 25vDC each, equates to 400vDC: {16x25vDC=400vDC}. As to Power which equates Amps [times] Volts: 230 Amps at 400vDC delivers 92 kWh of Power. The Power Math: {230×400=92,000} Converting Watts of Power to kWh: {92,000 Watts-Hrs = 92 kWh}

๐Ÿ”˜ A 100 kWh Battery will earn the Model S an EPA Range of 320 Miles, up from 288 miles with the 90 kWh battery. Earlier in 2016, Tesla removed the 85 kWh battery option on new orders [as of mid-May] and streamlined its Model S battery options to 70 kWh and 90 kWh, similar to what’s available on the Model X.

๐Ÿ”˜ Think about this โ€“ imagine Buying a $95,000 luxury car with a 12.9 Gallon Gas tank โ€“ that’s a comparison to Tesla’s current Max Battery options today โ€“ it’s just NOT Enough Juice. Combine a 12.9 Gallon Gas Tank comparison with the lack of a suitable network of FAST CHARGER Stations, a true 400 mile range must be Tesla’s Target, a 125 kWh battery in my opinion.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla’s GigaFactory has created a new LiON Cell: 20mm in diameter by 70mm tall, their unique 20700 LiON Cell. This new technology is reported to deliver 33% greater power than its sister cell the 18650 LiON Cell (used in the 2015 Model S cars), at no additional material cost. Therefore, if TESLA substitutes the 7,104 LiON 18650 cells with 7,104 LiON 20700 cells, then the Model S and Model X would have a 125kWh battery delivering a 400 mile range…

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Model S Commuter Car. Those Model S drivers that desire a 200 Mile Range Car, fine, a 60kWh Battery is perfect for these drivers. My suggestion, build all Model S cars with a 100kWh battery (or a 125kWh battery) and “software-limit” its capacity to 60 kWh. After all, in three years or so, if the Next Model S Owner wants a longer range battery, the car already has a Longer-Range battery, which can be “software unlocked” from 60kWh.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla has a 100 kWh Battery “On the Bench” at their Nevada GigaFactory. A “technically inclined” member of the Tesla community, Jason Hughes, recently hacked into his [personally owned Model S] onboard [Car] computer software; Hughes uncovered a string of program-code referencing the “P100D” shield. Hughes asked [tweeted] @ElonMusk directly about the P100D reference, Musk did respond, however, without denying the P100D possibility.

๐Ÿ”˜ Range for the 100 kWh Battery โ€“ Let’s extrapolate for the 288 Mile range known for the 90 kWh Battery, results in 320 Mile Range for the 100 kWh battery. [(288รท90)x100=320] Extrapolating for a 125 kWh Battery whose range would be 400 Miles, [(288รท90)x125=400] Compare 400 Mile Electric Range to what you’d get with a Gas Tank [at 22 mpg], 125 kWh Battery is equivalent to a 18.2 Gallon Tank. BINGO, this is what we need., a LiON Battery that is equivalent to an 18.2 Gallon Gas Car’s Fuel Tank.

๐Ÿ”˜ 400 Mile Range with a 125 kWh Battery, is where Tesla LiON Battery Capacity really needs to be, IMHO. 400 Mile Range should be the “Standard” Battery-pack, with any Lower Range being the “lower price” option. [(288รท90)x125=400].

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Cars should have a 400 Mile rated Range, while the infrastructure of Tesla Chargers continues to expand. Plus it’s common knowledge that EPA ratings exclude operation of certain accessories like Air Conditioning. Turn on the A/C and Sound System, then the Model S Range drops by roughly 12%. Also Tesla recommends that users limit the filling of the battery routinely to “90%” to maximize battery-capacity-life. Therefor, even with an EPA rated 400 mile range, it’s effectively a 360 range, when using Accessories.

๐Ÿ”˜ GigaFactory, Reason #1 โ€“ Magic for Tesla’s Lithium Battery production. Tesla is pressing Hard to deliver hundreds of thousands of Cars per year in the near future. Currently Tesla’s 90 kWh Battery contains literally 7,104 rechargeable LiON Battery Cells [pictured at left], all lined up within 16 modules of 444 cells each.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla is Delivering 75,000 Cars per Year currently. This Year’s [2016] Production Level requires 533 Million LiON Battery Cells, capturing a significant portion of the entire World’s Supply-Line of Lithium Cells. As Tesla delivers more Cars, the demand for LiON Cells increases, if the Supply of LiON Cells remains stable, prices go Up. For Tesla to deliver their Cars at a reasonable Price, Tesla needs to Build both Cars and LiON Batteries.

๐Ÿ”˜ When Tesla Delivers 250,000 Cars late next year [2017 for example] this production level would require 1.77 Billion LiON Battery Cells, more than the entire World’s Supply-Line of Lithium Cells. This is precisely why Tesla built its own Battery Factory in Nevada. Why Nevada?

๐Ÿ”˜ Pure Energy Minerals Limited is under contract with Tesla Motors to mine the primary element continued in LiOn batteries, Lithium from local Nevada lithium mines, relatively close [200 mile circle] to the Factory. This is another reason for the location of their unique Battery Factory. Tesla has agreed to buy Lithium, actually 40,000 Tons of Lithium Hydroxide/Year, a byproduct of the mining process. Tesla chemists will then refine Lithium Hydroxide and purify the Lithium for use in LiON battery chemistry.

๐Ÿ”˜ GigaFactory Reason #2 โ€“ Tesla will Customize the Industry Standard 18650 Lithium Cell. Teslaโ€“Panasonic venture will “tweaked” the (A) 18650 LiON Cell, by making it 2mm larger in Diameter and 5mm taller, creating the new 20700 Cell and (B) tweaking the Anode, Cathode, and Chemistry of the Cell.

๐Ÿ”˜ Lithium Battery Development is a very Big Deal as we’re talking about several BILLION batteries Annually. The resultant increase in the Cell size [10%] will deliver 133% More Power without increasing cost due to up-scaling production. This is how Tesla gets to a 125 kWh Battery with the similar cost as the 90 kWh battery. The other benefit Tesla can deliver a 220 mile range battery [60 kWh] for the Model 3, at a significantly lower cost, relatively speaking.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla 120 kWh Battery is on the way, it’s a matter of when. This will Drive the Model S and X to a 400 mile range, the ideal comfort-range, particularly with everyone being “afraid of running out of juice.”

๐Ÿ”˜ Around Town, not many folks have issues with the 90 kWh Battery or the new 100 kWh capacity Battery, assuming they have home-garage chargers. However, if you are traveling 200 miles out of town, Current Tesla Capacities are NOT sufficient for COMFORT. When one spends $100k for a very attractive Car, a beautiful package of engineering…

๐Ÿ”˜ Worrying about your Model X Running out of Juice, is not where we want to be. We believe Elon Musk gets it, on this point.

๐Ÿ”˜ EPA determined Tesla Model S 90D Electric Car earned a Milage Rating: 101eMPG City : 107eMPG Highway, 103 eMPG overall. These figures are amazing for a 5,000+ pound luxury electric Car. eMPG is the petroleum-fuel-equivalency, for rating Electric Powered Cars. The 3 TESLA’s Electric Propulsion Cars, the Model-S, Model-X, and the new Model-3, Cost Lower than 3ยฝยข per Mile Driven for all Tesla Electric Cars [EPA Chart below].

Donation Link โ€“ In preparation of these articles, hours of research, image editing and the graphics used to amplify your reading. Tender Donation, use LINK Below

PayPal’s Donations Page
https://goo.gl/A9Qneb

๐Ÿ”‹ Fuel Cost for TESLA’s Electric Propulsion Cars. Today’s Cost of Electricity averages 9.338ยข per Kilowatt Hour, in Florida. The Cost to operate TESLA’s Electric Cars at the current electric Utility charge of 9.338ยข/kWh is on average $725 for 15,000 miles driven (see EPA chart below)

๐Ÿ›ข Electricity Cost of 9.338ยข/kWh equals 3ยฝยข/mile driven for Tesla Model S, Model X and Model 3 Electric Cars (with No exhaust fumes containing COโ‚‚ & CO, plus No Noxious Gasses, No Soot discharged into our atmosphere).

๐Ÿ›ข Fuel Cost for Gasoline Powered Cars with 300hp Engines consumes on average 22MPG, miles per gallon. Therefor, for each 15,000 miles driven, 625 Gallons of gasoline are consumed (with Exhaust Fumes containing COโ‚‚ and CO, Noxious Gasses and Soot, that are discharged into the atmosphere).

๐Ÿ›ข Current Gas Prices are a Low of $2.25/Gallon, then the Cost to drive 15,000 miles is $1,406 or 9.35ยข per Mile Driven with Gasoline Engine Powered Cars.

๐Ÿ›ข Several Years ago Gasoline prices were over $4.25 per Gallon; We may likely experience similar increased Gasoline prices again in a few years. Therefor, for the same 15,000 miles driven, and the same 625 Gallons of Gas purchased (for 22mpg Cars) the Gasoline Cost would increase to $2,656 (at $4.25/Gallon of Gasoline).

๐Ÿ›ข $4.25/Gallon Gas equates to 17.75ยข per Mile Driven. Notice the examples for the Cost of Gasoline followed by the Cost of Electricity and their respective Driving Costs/Mile. Values for Gas cost/mile 10.40ยข/mile for Electric Car cost/mile 3.34ยข/mile [as of May, 2016].

Gasoline Powered Cars: 24mpg Engines: Cost for Mile Driven

๐Ÿ›ข $2.00 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 8.30ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $2.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 9.35ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $2.50 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 10.40ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $2.75 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 11.45ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $3.00 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 12.50ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $3.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 13.55ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $3.50 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 14.60ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $3.75 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 15.65ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $4.00 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 16.70ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $4.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 17.75ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $4.50 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 18.80ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $4.75 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 19.85ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $5.00 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 20.90ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $5.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 21.95ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $5.50 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 23.00ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $5.75 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 24.05ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $6.00 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 24.10ยข / Mile Driven


https://www.fpl.com/rates/pdf/residential-explanation.pdf

TESLA Electric Cars: 90 kWh LiON Battery: Cost / Mile Driven

๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 09ยข / kWh: 3.35ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 9.3ยข / kWh: 3.48ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 10ยข / kWh: 3.72ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 11ยข / kWh: 4.09ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 12ยข / kWh: 4.46ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 13ยข / kWh: 4.83ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 14ยข / kWh: 5.20ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 15ยข / kWh: 5.58ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 16ยข / kWh: 5.95ยข / Mile Driven

๐Ÿ›ข Gasoline price fluctuations, do not directly relate to the current 12ยข/kWh Electrical Power Costs to the Public, according to the EPA. A significant portion of Nation’s Electrical Power Generation is fueled by four main sources other than the thousands of Petroleum (Oil or Diesel) Fueled Power Plants, plus a number of Geo Thermal, Wind and Solar Powered Plants, according to current EPA statistics:

(A) 99 Nuclear Power Reactors in 30 States
(B) 557 Coal Powered Electric Power Plants
(C) 7,304 Natural Gas Powered Electric Plants, plus
(D) 2,540 HydroElectric Powered Dams in the USA.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Model S History and Now โ€“ Tesla Model S was styled by Franz von Holzhausen, who previously worked for Mazda North American Operations. The car was codenamed WhiteStar during research and preliminary development. The Model S was announced in a press release on June 30, 2008. The prototype vehicle was displayed at a press conference on March 26, 2009, pictured above.

๐Ÿ”˜ In February 2008 Tesla Motors was planning to offer a range-extended version of its Model S. This version would have included a gasoline engine to extend the driving range of the vehicle; but it was promptly removed in a later revision. At the GoingGreen conference in September 2008 Tesla’s CEO, Elon Musk, announced that Tesla was developing only all-electric cars.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla manufactures the Model S at its 5ยฝ Million square foot Tesla Factory in Fremont, California. For the European market, Tesla assembles and distributes from its European Distribution Center in Tilburg, the Netherlands. Cars are built and tested in Fremont, California. The battery pack, the electric motor and parts are disassembled and shipped separately to Tilburg, where the cars are reassembled, a 203,000 sq ft industrial building that also serves as a workshop and spare parts warehouse. Tesla expects the Model S to “pay back” the energy that went into producing the car in fewer than 10,000 miles.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Model S is a full-sized all-electric five-door, luxury liftback, produced by Tesla Motors, and introduced in June 2012. Tesla’s Model S scored a perfect 5.0 NHTSA automobile safety rating. (http://goo.gl/TJ7jbV) The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) official range for the 2012 Model S Performance model equipped with an 85 kWh battery pack is 265 miles, higher than any other electric car at the time. EPA rates its energy consumption at 38 kWh/100 mi for a combined fuel economy of 104 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Model S became the first electric car to top the monthly new car sales ranking in any country, twice leading in Norway, in September and again in December 2013, and also in Denmark in December 2015. Global Model S sales passed the 100,000 Model S sales Milestone in December 2015.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Model S ranked as the world’s best selling plug-in electric vehicle in 2015, up from second best in 2014. The Model S also ranked as the top selling plug-in electric car in the U.S. in 2015. As of December 2015, the leading markets are the United States with a 60% share of global sales and Norway with 9.4%. Other leading country markets are China, the Netherlands, Canada, Denmark, Germany, and Switzerland. As of December 2015, the Model S ranks as the world’s second best selling plug-in car in history after the Nissan Leaf.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Tesla Model S won awards including the 2013 World Green Car of the Year, 2013 Motor Trend Car of the Year, Automobile magazine’s 2013 Car of the Year, Time Magazine Best 25 Inventions of the Year 2012 award and Consumer Reports’ top-scoring car ever. In 2015, Car and Driver named the Model S the Car of the Century.

๐Ÿ”˜ In 2016 Tesla has completely updated design of Model S. Model S nose now looks more like the Model 3. Also, 60 and 85 versions are now discontinued. Only 70, 70D and 90D versions are available. In May 2016, the 75 and 75D versions became available. Facelifted 70 and 70D Model S owners have the option to ‘unlock’ the 75 kWh capacity, adding up to 19 miles per charge.

๐Ÿ”˜ ๐Ÿš˜ AutoPilot Trained with 50 Million Miles of Driving Experience ๐Ÿ”˜ Co-PILOT for Tesla DRIVERS ๐Ÿ”˜ Autonomous Driving Soon ๐Ÿš˜ UPDATE 3 ๐Ÿš˜ ๐Ÿš˜ ๐Ÿš˜

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla AutoPilot is NOW the Co-Pilot for all Tesla Drivers โ€“ AutoPilot having over 50 Million Miles of “Driving Experience under its Belt.” AutoPilot serves all Tesla Drivers as their Personal Driving Assistant, like a Co-Pilot. As excellent as it is, AutoPilot is still in its initial Beta form into 2017.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Future of the Personal Driving Experience is True Autonomous Driving, which may come sooner than many expect. My guess, Tesla would like AutoPilot to be released from Beta concurrent with Model 3 emerging from the Production Line Q4.2017

๐Ÿ”˜ Think of Tesla Model S and Model X AutoPilot feature, as being similar to the Autopilot in a Commercial Airliner. In world of Aviation, the Pilot manually Backs-out the Airplane from the Gate or Hanger, Taxies onto the Runway, performs the Take-Off [a High-Skills portion of the Flight], the Captain continues to “Pilot” the Airplane with Hands-on-the-Wheel at all times, until the flight is “stabilized” into the Flight-Plan’s route. Once the flight has completed the Take-Off routine and is on its flight-plan [the FAA’s “highway lane” in the sky] the Pilot engages the [aircraft version] of Autopilot to handle the “tedious” portion of the Flight, maintaining altitude, course, and tracking all the “vital signs” of the aircraft, it’s engines, fuel levels, temperatures, cabin pressure and temp… Tesla is apparently styling their AutoPilot System similarly.

๐Ÿ”˜ Predictions: Elon Musk is totally “Driven to deliver true Autonomous Tesla Cars,” and to deliver attractive, affordable, high performance, electric Cars for the Mass Market. Tesla, having received over 400,000 Model 3 Reservations with $1,000 deposits, (represents $400 million in cash deposits) Tesla’s affordable $35,000 Car will begin emerging from its Fremont, California Production Line in late 2017; so it seems that Tesla’s desire for “mass market” appeal is a reality. Elon Musk says, when it begins to contact the first portion of the reservation-list, customers will be directed to Tesla’s Design Center. As the Model 3 is not ready yet, this is the Design Center link for the Model S: https://goo.gl/GKAIoa

๐Ÿ”˜ Model 3 Buyer Options โ€“ Musk estimates that Buyers of the Model 3 will likely add several options, for roughly $8000. Here a few of the Options that may be available for the Model 3: Long Range Battery, All Wheel Drive, AutoPilot, Smart Air-Suspension, Ultra High-fidelity Sound package, to name a few. This is a link to the Design Center for the Model S, as the Model 3 Design and Options tool is will not be ready until mid-2017: https://goo.gl/GKAIoa

๐Ÿ”˜ Model 3 Update โ€“ Recent reports from Tesla Motors indicate that by early July, 2016, all the remaining “Model 3 engineering decisions will be made,” finalizing the Model 3 production design. This Milestone sets into motion the fabrication of 8000 unique parts in the supply-line, to assemble the New Model 3.

๐Ÿ”˜ Next, is Autonomous Driving, to accomplish [selectable] autonomous driving, Tesla is collecting massive levels of Driving-Data, for Two primary purposes
(1) Prove Safety Statistically, with Tesla’s AutoPiloting Systems engaged, incident-free, safe-driving is significantly improved, as compared to unassisted Human Driving
(2) Train the AutoPilot to further Improve its Prediction Accuracy
(โ€ขโ€ข) With 50 million mile data-set has been Assimilated [a 6 month driving sample] the Frequency of Accidents is 50% Lower with AutoPilot engaged, as compared to Drivers not engaging AutoPilot, according to Elon Musk.

๐Ÿ”˜ Decreasing Driving-Incidents by 50% using AutoPilot that’s still in Beta form is astounding. The Insurance industry is taking notice. Combine these factors with Tesla’s assembly of
(A) Best software engineers
(B) Best mechanical engineers
(C) Tesla’s 50% increase in the size of its Fleet of Cars on the Roads, delivering Driving-Data back to Tesla’s MainFrame Computers
(D) Tesla’s collection and assimilation of the Next 50 million mile Data-Set, will occur exponentially faster
(โ€ขโ€ข) Accordingly, Tesla hopefully will release its Software Iterations more rapidly [current version is 7.1] incorporating exciting new features, improved reliability, performing more tasks semi-Autonomously.

๐Ÿ”˜ So the Cycle of Teaching AutoPilot continues, as Tesla DRIVERS Teach their AutoPilots, how to Drive Better and Better. See, it’s Tesla Driver Intervention with AutoPilot’s errant predictions, that teaches the AutoPilot; Tesla engineers assimilate these occurrences, then the entire Fleet of Tesla Cars are updated with the “Lessons Learned.” This is the nature of Computer-Machine Learning.

๐Ÿ”˜ Model S and Model X AutoPilot Software is designed to actually “Learn to Drive Better.” Over 100,000 Tesla Drivers are actually training the AutoPilot system every Day, so the Software becomes better over time. Next year there will be over 200,000 Tesla Drivers training the AutoPilot. The latest software update 7.1 allows Model S and Model X Cars to use its unique array of cameras, radar, ultrasonic sensors, GPS and an increasing Data-Base of Driving-Data, to automatically steer down the highway, change lanes, recognize cars around it, adjust speed, and maneuver in response to traffic conditions.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Drivers are Teaching their “Cars to Drive Better,” literally. Tesla’s 1Q/16 Car Software update 7.1, has increased the Driverโ€™s confidence behind the wheel with features to help the Car avoid hazards and reduce the driverโ€™s workload when driving on Tedious, Boring, Stop-and-Go portions of a Commute or Road-Trip. While Model S or X canโ€™t make traffic disappear, AutoPilot can make Driving a whole lot easier, safer, less tedious, and more pleasant to endure. Once youโ€™ve arrived at your destination, Model S & X scans for a parking space and parallel parks on your command. https://goo.gl/0EeVt1

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoPilot features a Dynamic real-time Instrument cluster with a Driver-Focused design showing current information the Car is utilizing to “intelligently” determine the vehicle’s behavior in the moment relative to its surrounding traffic conditions. The instrument panel provides a real-time computer-drawn “moving visuals” of the road, bending left, straightening, bending right, etc., the driving Lanes detected by the Carโ€™s 360ยบ array of sensors. AutoPilot is delivering to the Driver the same information that the Car’s Computer is utilizing to execute center-of-the-Lane Stability, Lane Departure, Blind-Spot Detection, Speed Assist, Auto-Collision Maneuvering, Following distances, graphical Collision Warnings, Adaptive Cruise, and AutoSteer. https://goo.gl/UrMIQC

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoSteer (presently in Beta form) maintains the Car Centered in the Current Lane, and engages Traffic-Aware Cruise Control to maintain the Carโ€™s Speed. Using a variety of measures including Steering Angle, Steering Rate, and Speed to determine the appropriate operation; AutoSteer assists the Driver, making the driving experience easier.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla’s AutoPilot requires Drivers to remain Engaged and Aware when Autosteer is enabled. Drivers must keep their Hands on the Steering Wheel, as there are Tactile Sensors imbedded in the the Steering Wheel, verifying the Driver’s “Hands on the Wheel.”

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoPilot issues an Alarm and Disengages if the System doesn’t recognize the Driver’s hands on the steering wheel, AutoPilot will Display a Warning message, deliver a Chime, and auto-disengage AutoPilot. Since AutoSteer software is in “beta form” Tesla does not want their Drivers to “overly rely” on the AutoPilot’s traffic and road Predictions. As AutoPilot becomes “smarter” [perhaps with another 100 million miles of machine training] the Full-Time Hands-On-The-Wheel requirement may be relaxed [my guess]. https://goo.gl/o7Zspe

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Software release 7.1 expands AutoPilot functionality and introduces the 1st Iteration of the Summon feature. Using Summon… once you arrive home and you exit Model S or Model X, you may Stop your car at the Front Door, everyone exits the Car, and the Driver Prompts the Car to do the rest autonomously, namely
(A) The Car Opens Garage door
(B) The Car Drives into Garage
(C) The Car Parks itself
(D) The Car Closes Garage Door
(E) The Car Shuts itself down
(F) The Car Locks all 4 Doors
(โ€ขโ€ข) Imagine the convenience of Summoning your Car to your precise location, when it’s Raining, as it drives itself to the Front Door of the Restaurant, under the Portico awaiting you and your guests entry into the Car. https://goo.gl/EL9Nqo

๐Ÿ”˜ Using Summon again โ€“ In the morning, you wake up, get dressed, make coffee, Summon your Tesla with your iPhone App, Get your Cup of Coffee, Walk out the front door, and your car is at your Front Door waiting for you to Board the Car. The Car’s System will Open your Garage door, back-out of the Garage, Close the Garage Door, and Summon then drives itself to your location, ready for your Drive. More broadly, Summon eliminates the burden of having to squeeze in and out of tight parking spots. During the current 1st Beta stage of Summon, Tesla would prefer customers to become familiar with “Summon” only on private property.

๐Ÿ”˜ “Autonomous Self-Valet-Parking” the Next Step for Summon feature. How nice, no more giving your keys to Strangers, as they celebrate “Joy-Riding in your very special car,” while you’re Dining. The Tesla Car will locate a viable Parking Spot and park itself, then lock itself, then turn itself OFF. When you are finished, Exit the Restaurant Summon your Car to your precise position. Tesla version 7.1 is in “beta” and cannot “Self Valet” yet…

๐Ÿ”˜ According to Tesla, your Car will eventually be able to drive anywhere around the Corner, the City, the County, or perhaps further, to meet you, even self-charging along the way. Your Tesla Car will be able to Sync with your Calendar so your Car knows exactly where & when to arrive at your Home, Office, Country Club, or Hotel…

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Computer Software v7.1 release is the Next Step towards Tesla’s Goal of developing fully Autonomous Driving capabilities with delivery through over-the-air software updates, keeping Tesla customers at the forefron of driving technology.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla’s Auto-Steering is a strategically Important Component of AutoPilot’s capability, utilizing a 360ยบ Array of Sensors, and WiFi and 3G connectivity at all times
(A) Forward Facing Radar
(B) twelve Long-Range 360ยบ Ultra-Sonic Sonar Sensors
(C) High Definition Front-Facing Stereo Digital Camera
(D) High-Resolution GPS
(E) Tesla’s Ultra-High Definition Mapping, coupled
(F) Precision Electro-Mechanical Servo-Controled Steering, Breaking, Speed-Control Systems. https://goo.gl/Ob7PYe

๐Ÿš˜ Let’s take a Pause and have some FUN โ€“ Congratulations, as you’ve read our article to this point. Now it’s time to take a brief break before moving to the next chapter. Check out this YouTube Video of Tesla’s Model S “Test” Driving with “Insane” Mode engaged: https://youtu.be/vFwxlCp_wpU

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoPilot Serves as the Driver’s Co-Pilot rendering Tesla Cars to Drive Safer. AutoPilot is Capable of
(1) Interpreting Stop Signs, Road Signs, and Speed Limit Signs using Optical and Object Character Recognition
(2) “Visualizing” Cars and Objects surrounding the Car
(3) Recognition and Compliance with Traffic Signals
(4) Identification of Road Lanes
(5) Auto-Lane Changing
(6) Auto-Steering, Centers the Car’s path within Lanes
(7) Maintains your SET Speed
(8) Maintains a Safe [selectable 1 to 7 Car lengths] Following Distance
(9) Car’s Sensor Array “Scans a full 360ยบ Perimeter” around the Car in Real-Time for Collision Avoidance and Blind-Spot Maneuvering… The Frontiers for AutoPiloting of Tesla Cars. https://goo.gl/Ob7PYe

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Cars with AutoPilot Software Installed and activated, AutoPilot’s features help to relieve Drivers from the most tedious and potentially dangerous aspects of road travel. Tesla combines a
(A) High-resolution Forward facing Camera
(B) RADAR
(C) Array of 12 Long-range Sonar Sensors
(D) GPS telemetry
(D) Ultra-high Definition Mapping [100-times more precise than typical GPS mapping], combined with electro-mechanical assists for braking and steering system to “automatically drive” your Model S on an Open Road and in dense Stop-and-Go Traffic.

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoPilot hardware is now built into all Model S, X, and Model 3 Cars, whether or not you purchase the AutoPilot software Option. AutoPilot system is activated with the installation of the AutoPilot software tech-package into Tesla’s Car Computer system [ $2500 option] when configured at the time of Car Purchase, [$3000 if AutoPilot is installed after the purchase].

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla’s AutoPilot feature currently gives the Car partial-Autonomy, and when the AutoPilot Software is activated the “system” is 50% safer than Human Drivers, according to 50 million miles of Driving-Data assembled by Tesla’s Chief Executive Elon Musk’s software engineers. The probability of having an accident is 50% lower if you have Autopilot Engaged… said Musk, speaking at an energy conference in Oslo, Norway. Even with the current initial beta-versions, AutoPilot is about twice the Safety Record as compared to a Driver without AutoPilot assistance.

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoPilot Warning: “Keep your Hands on the Wheel”. AutoPilot is currently in “beta form” and Tesla’s dashboard Warning Message states “Keep your hands on the steering wheel at all times, and be ready to take Control of the Car.” The AutoPilot system is continuously LEARNING. The “System Learns” when a Driver Corrects the Path of the Car, when necessary. All the corrective actions taken by the Driver are assembled with the digital data from Tesla’s onboard Computer, GPS, Radar, Sensors, and Camera, and Transmitted to Tesla’s Mother Ship for analysis and potential integration into the next AutoPilot update version.

๐Ÿ”˜ 50 Million Miles of Driving Data has been Collected in 6 Months. This Data is “Training the AutoPilot” as it formulates improved Driving Algorithms for the Software. Tesla’s entire Fleet of Cars with AutoPilot engaged, are collecting Driving-Data, the actions of the Driver, as compared to the actions the AutoPilot predicted. If differences occur, where the Driver took over control of the AutoPilot, this is a potential “Training Event” that is transmitted to “Tesla’s Mother Ship” for assessment and assimilation. As improved Driving Algorithms are developed, Software updates are delivered by the Cell System back to the entire Fleet of Tesla Cars. Tesla’s “Learning Machine” is a continuous Cycle of data Collection, Assimilation, Assessment, Integration, Update the Fleet, with a continuous streaming of Millions of Miles of Precision Driving.

๐Ÿ”˜ Drawing on Early Data from Tesla’s cars, Musk said that the average number of Miles Driven by a Car Between Accidents was almost doubled when Autopilot was engaged. These results are from Tesla’s first generation of Autopilot, which owners have been using. Tesla drivers using AutoPilot, have driven over 50 Million Miles since AutoPilot was launched October, 2015.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla AutoPilot software obtains data from HD Video Cameras, Radar, a 360ยบ Array of 12 Long Range Ultrasonic Sensors to perform basic functions, including steering on a Highways, Lane Changing, adjusting Speed in response to varying traffic conditions, or simply parking the Car. AutoPilot technology (the hardware component of the AutoPilot) is pre-built into every recent Model of the company’s Cars, from July, 2015 and all 2016 Cars. The Software package is designed to “Continuously Learn how to Drive Better” and therefor AutoPilot will continue improve with time.

๐Ÿ”˜ Musk expects the 2nd Version of AutoPilot, a Fully Autonomous AutoPilot version of its Driving Software will be Significantly Safer than the current AutoPilot technology. Less than 2 years away from being released, the 2nd Generation of Tesla’s Autopilot will require regulatory approval; Tesla must Demonstrate to the DOT that AutoPilot is (A) relatively Simple for average Drivers to implement, and (B) is “Definitively” Safer as compared to all Human Drivers, not having engaged AutoPilot.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Insurance Industry is Extremely Interested in the continued Success of Tesla’s AutoPilot. AutoPilot improves the Driver’s experience
(1) Driving Safety, averts boredom and tedium
(2) Collision Avoidance, with 360ยบ sensor Array
(3) Decrease the number of driving accidents
(4) Decreasing the Degree of personal injury
(5) Decrease property damages
(*) The day may come, when motor vehicles may be required to have a minimum level of hardware-sensors with AutoPiloting assistance for Drivers. It seems that Tesla is setting the Standards for AutoPiloting driver-assistance.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla is Collecting a Huge DataBase of high-resolution Driving-Data to demonstrate “that the Safety Level is significantly Improved, by a meaningful margin, when AutoPilot Autonomous Mode is Engaged, versus AutoPilot with Autonomous mode turned off.”

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoPilot enabled Tesla Cars are Safer than Human Drivers… or is this a high-tech Marketing Gimmick? A video surfaced in early April, 2016 that showed a Tesla Model S Autopilot prevented a Highway Collision with a Utility Truck (positioned in the Driver’s “Blind Spot”) that cut sharply in front of the Model S. The Model S was riding on a highway in the Right Lane; a White Utility Truck aggressively moved from the Center-Lane to Right-Lane (as the Tesla Car was positioned in the Truck’s “Blind Spot”); This Event, both vehicles becoming dangerously Close, was detected by AutoPilot’s perimeter Sensor Array, and caused the Model S to instantly “Auto-Steer” the Tesla Car enough distance to the Right, combined with “Auto-Speed” control, to avoid the Truck’s contact with the Tesla Car.

๐Ÿ”˜ The iPhone Video of the above potential “Event” shows the Model S collision avoidance system “sensed” a vehicle moving to an unsafe distance, and triggered a corrective action by its Auto-Steering to the Right, to avoid the Utility Truck, as it pulled out in front of the Model S. Coincidentally, the Model S occupant was cell-phone video-recording their new Model S on the Highway having engaged the AutoPilot, and shortly thereafter, the Truck near-collision incident occurred. Video Clip: https://goo.gl/OLQAJI

๐Ÿ”˜ How Does Tesla’s AutoPilot Work โ€“ Model S AutoPilot’s system is Continuously Learning and Improving, due to the procedure of (A) Machine Learning computer algorithms, (B) the carโ€™s wireless [cellular] real-time, always-on connection, (C) ultra-high-resolution mapping (D) sensor-array data that each Tesla Car collects, (D) Driver Data and AutoPilot’s Predictions are Transmitted to “Tesla’s Mother Ship” for Processing and Assimilation into the next version of AutoPilot. Within the recent 6 months, more than 50 Million Miles of Driving Data has been processed by Tesla for improvements to its AutoPilot software system.

๐Ÿ”˜ Machine Learning Algorithms, the latest in sophisticated computer technology, where computers Assimilate super-large Data-sets, Analysis of massive levels of Data, Elimination of Spurious Data, Create improved Precision Algorithms, then implement the Algorithms, making for Improved Precision high-confidence Predictions.

๐Ÿ”˜ Computers delivering Precision high-confidence Predictions is the essence of Machine Learning, resulting in computer-speed “Micro-Second Reaction Time” form of highly specialized artificial intelligence. With Human intelligence, improved performance, is accomplished with Education, Training, Practice. With Computers, Learning occurs with Millions of Cycles of Assimilating massive Data Sets into Precision Algorithms, Elimination of the spurious Data, delivering super-high-confidence Predictions;then rewrite Precision Algorithms, Distribute back to the Fleet of Cars, in the case of AutoPilot. And these Cycles are repeated creating even more precision-high-Confidance Predictions.

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoPilot Machine Learning is the method that Tesla Car Computers can become artificially intelligent, as the AutoPilot technology is a form of AI. โ€œThe entire Tesla fleet of Cars operates as a large network of “Tesla Car Computers” collecting very-high-resolution digital data. When one Tesla Car learns something, the entire Fleet learn it. “This is far beyond what other car companies are doingโ€ says Elon Musk.

๐Ÿ”˜ When it comes to the AutoPilot software, Musk explained that each driver using the AutoPilot System essentially becomes an “Expert Trainer” for how the AutoPilot should work. To create a self-driving car, Tesla’s AutoPilot, has logged and transmitted back to Tesla Mainframes, over 50 million miles of driving Videos and Data into Tesla’s Computer Data Model, which creates a Massive digital vocabulary about driving events. The resultant algorithms use “visual” techniques to Assimilate the video-data to understand traffic and driver events. The Goal for AutoPilot, when something unexpected happens โ€” a ball rolls into the street โ€” AutoPilot can recognize the specific pattern, and will react accordingly (because a child may also be running into the street after the ball, as an example).

๐Ÿ”˜ The Data from Tesla Drivers is enabled by the hardware systems that Tesla has configured. All Tesla Cars built from mid-2015 through 2016, have (A) 12 ultrasonic sensors located on the lower circumference of the vehicle, (B) a front-facing digital camera mounted above the rear-view mirror, (C) a Radar System center-mounted below the front-nosecone. These three sensing systems are constantly collecting high-resolution Data to help the AutoPilot work on the roads, but this System also amasses Data that will make Tesla AutoPilot systems Learn, and operate with more precision in the future.

๐Ÿ”˜ Because each of Teslaโ€™s Cars have an always-on wireless Cellular connection to “Tesla’s Mother Ship,” data from driving and using AutoPilot is collected and uploaded into the Tesla Cloud, and analyzed with sophisticated software algorithms. With AutoPilot, Tesla assimilates the data from Tesla Cars using the its Automated Steering and Lane Change Systems, uses this Data to train its AutoPilot algorithms. Tesla then assembles these algorithms, tests them, and incorporates the new Driving Algorithms into upcoming software downloads to the entire fleet of Tesla Cars’ onboard Computers.

๐Ÿ”˜ Currently Tesla has downloading Version 7.1 software. This download is multi-hour events that occurs between 2am and 4am, or as Drivers schedule. Elon Musk said that Tesla is collecting much more detailed high-precision mapping data for its automated steering and lane change applications as compared to what is available through the standard navigation technology. To meet its needs, Tesla has started to build its own Ultra-high-precision Mapping Data that is 100-Times the level of granularity, compared to standard commercially available navigation systems, using [mostly] data from Tesla Cars driving on roads and data from Tesla engineers driving research cars.

๐Ÿ”˜ AUTOSTEER & AUTO LANE CHANGE โ€“ Autopilot displays a “Steering Wheel Icon located next to the speed display in the instrument cluster will appear Grey. Pull the Cruise Control lever towards you Once to engage the Traffic-Aware Cruise Control, and pull it Twice to activate AutoSteer. The steering wheel icon will now turn from Gray to Blue. AutoSteer keeps the vehicle in the current lane [the driving Lanes are illuminated with Blue Lines] and maintains the vehicleโ€™s speed. However, you must still keep your hands on the steering wheel so you are prepared to take control of the vehicle at any moment during changing road and traffic conditions.

๐Ÿ”˜ When AutoSteer is activated, you can change lanes by engaging the turn signal, and your Model S will move itself to the adjacent lane, only when itโ€™s safe to do so. AutoPilot’s 360ยบ perimeter sonar sensors detect when it’s clear for a Lane Change.

๐Ÿ”˜ AUTOPARK โ€“ When traveling below 15mph, a Grey “P” will appear on the instrument cluster when your Model S detects a parking spot next to you. Put the vehicle into reverse and โ€œAutoPark Readyโ€ will appear on the touchscreen. Once activated, your Model S will begin to park itself by controlling steering and vehicle speed.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Model S Driver Joshua Brown said “It was a mistake on the Truck driver’s part. He did not look or know I was next to him, until I honked my horn” Joshua Brown, recently uploaded the video to YouTube: https://goo.gl/OLQAJI

Model S demonstration of Acceleration and AutoPilot: https://goo.gl/1J05X8. Elon Musk demonstrating Dual Motor Acceleration and AutoPilot: https://goo.gl/lyNmCU. Demonstration of AutoPilot software version 7: https://goo.gl/NvLFmk and https://goo.gl/uh95ry

๐Ÿ”˜ Model S Equipped with Driver Assistance components and Autopilot Tech Package, the Forward looking Camera and the Radar sensor are designed to determine when there is a vehicle in front of you in the same lane. If the area in front of Model S is clear, Traffic-Aware Cruise Control maintains a SET driving speed. When a vehicle is detected, Traffic-Aware Cruise Control is designed to slow down Model S as needed to maintain a selected distance from the vehicle in front, up to the set speed. Traffic-Aware Cruise Control does not eliminate the need to watch the road in front of you and to apply the brakes when needed. Traffic-Aware Cruise Control is primarily intended for driving on dry, relatively straight roads, such as highways and freeways. It should not be used on city streets.

๐Ÿ”˜ Traffic-Aware Cruise Control is designed for Driving Comfort and Convenience, and is not currently “promoting” AutoPilot as a Collision Warning or Avoidance System [although there are numerous YouTube examples of Collision Avoidance by AutoPilot]. Since Auto-Steering” is currently in “Beta form” It is the Driver’s responsibility to stay alert, drive safely, and be in control of the vehicle at all times. Never depend on Traffic-Aware Cruise Control to adequately slow down Model S. Always watch the road in front of you and be prepared to take corrective action at all times. Failure to do so can result in serious injury or death. The instrument panel displays a gray speedometer icon on the left side of the driving speed to indicate that Traffic-Aware Cruise Control is available but the cruising speed has not been set. Unless a vehicle is detected ahead of you, you must be driving at least 18 mph to use Traffic-Aware Cruise Control. If a vehicle is detected ahead of you, you can use Traffic-Aware Cruise Control at any speed, even when stationary. When driving at your desired speed, set the cruising speed by moving the cruise-control lever up or down (or pulling it briefly toward you), then releasing.

๐Ÿ”˜ The speedometer icon on the instrument panel turns blue and displays the set speed to indicate that Traffic-Aware Cruise Control is actively maintaining the set speed. The Driver may now release-pressure from the accelerator pedal and allow Traffic-Aware Cruise Control to maintain your set speed. When no vehicle is detected ahead, Traffic-Aware Cruise Control maintains the set speed. If a vehicle is detected, Traffic-Aware Cruise Control maintains your chosen following distance, [user-selectable from 1 to 7 Car lengths] up to the set speed, accelerating and decelerating Model S as needed. When the vehicle you are following is no longer detected, Traffic-Aware Cruise Control accelerates to the set speed. Traffic-Aware Cruise Control also adjusts the speed as appropriate when entering and exiting curves.

๐Ÿ”˜ Adjust your following distance โ€“ To adjust the distance you want to maintain between Model S and a vehicle traveling ahead of you, rotate the cruise control lever to choose a setting from 1 (the closest following distance) to 7 (the longest following distance). Each setting corresponds to a time-based distance that represents how long it takes for Model S, from its current location, to reach the location of the rear bumper of the vehicle ahead. Cruising at the Speed Limit โ€“ Traffic-Aware Cruise Control makes it easy to cruise at the speed limit. Once you’ve initially set a cruising speed, you can adjust the speed to cruise at the speed limit that is currently being determined by Speed Assist. To do so, pull the cruise control lever toward you and hold momentarily (about half a second). When you release, your cruising speed is set to the speed that is automatically or manually being determined by Speed Assist, taking into consideration any setting you have specified. If you are already driving faster than the speed limit when you pull and momentarily hold the lever, the set speed does not adjust to the speed limit, it adjusts to your current driving speed.

๐Ÿ”˜ To increase/decrease speed by 1 mph, move the lever up or down to the first position and release. To increase/decrease speed to the closest 5 mph increment, move the lever up/down to the second position and release. For example, if you are traveling at 57 mph and you move the lever up to the second position and release, the speed increases to 60 mph. You can also increase/decrease speed by holding the lever in the full up/down position and releasing when the desired speed displays below the cruise control icon. To cruise at the speed limit that is currently being determined by Speed Assist (including any o sets that you have set), pull the cruise control lever toward you and hold momentarily (about half a second). It may take a few seconds for Model S to reach the new cruising speed. The Maximum Set Speed is 90 mph.

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoSteer is a BETA feature in Release 7.1. Model S is equipped with Driver Assistance components and the optional Autopilot Tech Package; you can use Autosteer to manage steering and speed under certain circumstances. Autosteer builds upon Traffic-Aware Cruise Control, intelligently keeping Model S in its driving lane when cruising at a set speed. Using the forward looking camera, the radar sensor, and the ultrasonic sensors, Autosteer detects lane markings and the presence of vehicles and objects, steering Model S based on the lane markings and the vehicle directly in front of you.

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoSteer is a hands-on feature. You must keep your hands on the steering wheel at all times. Autosteer is intended for use only on highways and limited-access roads with a fully attentive driver. When using Autosteer, hold the steering wheel and be mindful of road conditions and surrounding traiffc. Do not use Autosteer on city streets or in areas where bicyclists or pedestrians may be present. Never depend on Autosteer to determine an appropriate driving path. Always be prepared to take immediate action. Failure to follow these instructions could cause serious property damage, injury or death.

๐Ÿ”˜ Enable AutoSteer โ€“ the Driver must enable it by touching Controls > Settings > Driver Assistance > Autosteer > Enable. To indicate that Autosteer is available (but not actively steering Model S), the instrument panel displays a gray Autosteer icon on the right side of the driving speed as shown here.

๐Ÿ”˜ To initiate Autosteer, pull the cruise control lever toward you twice in quick succession. Autosteer briefly displays a message on the instrument panel reminding you to pay attention to the road and be ready to take over at any time. To indicate that Autosteer is now actively steering Model S, the instrument panel displays the Autosteer icon in blue. When Autosteer is able to detect lane markings, it also displays the driving lanes in BLUE:

๐Ÿ”˜ To Initiate Autosteer, you must be driving at least 18 mph on a roadway with visible lane markings. If a vehicle is detected ahead of you, you can initiate Autosteer at any speed, even when stationary. In most cases, Autosteer attempts to center Model S in the driving lane. However, if the sensors detect the presence an obstacle (such as a vehicle or guard rail), Autosteer may steer Model S in a driving path that is offset from the center of the lane. In situations where you attempt to engage Autosteer but you are not driving within the required driving speed for Autosteer to operate, or Autosteer is not receiving adequate data from the camera or sensors, a message displays on the instrument panel indicating that Autosteer is temporarily unavailable.

๐Ÿ”˜ Hold Steering Wheel โ€“ AutoSteer uses data from the camera, sensors, and GPS system to determine where to drive. It also requires you to hold the steering wheel. When entering a curve or driving at a high speed, if Autosteer does not detect your hands on the steering wheel, it displays the following message on the instrument panel and eventually sounds a chime: When you see this message, you may need to tighten your grip on the steering wheel. When your hands are detected, Autosteer resumes normal operation. Be careful not to apply any steering. Doing so cancels Autosteer. If Autosteer does not detect your hands on the steering wheel, the Hold Steering Wheel request escalates by sounding two additional chimes. The chimes increase in frequency until Autosteer detects your hands. If no action is taken, Autosteer begins to decelerate Model S and displays the following message on the instrument panel.

๐Ÿ”˜ Take Over Immediately โ€“ In situations where AutoSteer is unable to steer Model S, AutoSteer sounds a warning chime and displays the following message on the instrument panel.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Model S Owners Manual. The Link below directs you to Dropbox that houses a PDF file containing the Model S Operation Manual provided to new Car owners. The sections above are abstracts from “Driver Assistance” section that begins on page 65 of this manual. https://goo.gl/UeGJDI

๐Ÿ”˜ Fuel Economy.Gov site to compare a wide variety of New Cars. https://goo.gl/hoNh52
https://goo.gl/09PL1R

๐Ÿ”˜ TESLA’s Model S, first arrived on the market 4 years ago in June, 2012, when the first Model S rolled off the production line. Four years later on May 1, 2016 the New and Improved Model S Cars are rolling off the production line at a pace of 1000 Cars/Week. The most noticeable change is with the front “Nose Grill” area, the nose-cone.

๐Ÿ”˜ Cosmetics was the primary reason Tesla used a “Front Grill-like” feature in its initial design of the Model S. The nose-grill is non-functional, and was chosen to retain the “look” of traditional Cars. Since there’s no gasoline-combustion engine, and therefor no heat created, and no radiator to dissipate the heat that doesn’t exist… a front Grill to admit air for a radiator is not the function; the front Grill is strictly cosmetic.

๐Ÿ”˜ TESLA’s Mission is to Deliver an Electric Car that “looks like” what everyone expects a Car to look like; and to have their Electric Car perform, as everyone expects a “traditional car to perform”… even though it’s Electric.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Model S concepts are driving forces since 2010, and presently remain a major focus for TESLA. Tesla’s ultimate goal is to deliver affordable Electric Cars for the Mainstream, the Model 3 being Tesla’s first entry into the affordable car for the masses category.

๐Ÿ”˜ TESLA’s all Electric Roadster and Model S proved that an Electric Car can be aesthetically attractive with superior performance. The Model S nose-Grill does not pass ambient-air through, to an Air-Over-Radiator as with Gasoline Engine powered cars. TESLA’s nose-Grill design was strictly cosmetic, as folks expected to see a Grill.

๐Ÿ”˜ Currently, 80,000 Model S Cars have been purchased in the US, for a total of 110,000 Model S deliveries globally. Tesla believes with over $10 Billion in Sales Deliveries of their electric Cars, the non-functional cosmetic grill, may now be replaced with an aerodynamically efficient nosecone. The new “nose” design is currently used in Model X cars, and is planned for Model 3 cars, starting production in late 2017.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Nose-Grill displayed in the May, 2016 Model S is Aerodynamically Superior, to the 2012 Grill, due to its carefully engineering, wind-tunnel tested shape; The 2012 nose-grill was non-functional, with unfavorable aerodynamics; but it was “worth it” to have their electric Cars accepted by the Market, in the face of decades of “Traditional Cars.” Model S new nosecone is the same precision-design wind-tunnel tested nosecone, used for Model X and Model 3.

๐Ÿ”˜ Model 3 Received 400,000 Reservation Deposit Checks, talk about Market Acceptance. The Model 3 is Tesla’s new, affordable $35,000 electric car, with over 400k reservations with $1000 deposits.

๐Ÿ”˜ Imagine this, Tesla has received $400,000,000 in Cash deposits for Model 3, with customers hoping to receive the Model 3, ASAP; however no sooner than “Late, 2017” according to Tesla Motors.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Model S facelift brings TESLA’s design “up to speed” aerodynamically, with the Model X and the upcoming Model 3 sedan. The revised front-fascia swaps-out the large faux-grille, in favor of a thin top-strip across the front with a centered bold T Logo. Changing the nose-cone on the Model S is aerodynamically-functional, having significantly reduced the “Wind Resistance” of the Car, thereby increased the overall Milage Range by more than 10%.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Improved Model S has been fitted with New Head Lights that are powered with high-power LEDs, including 14 three-position dynamic turning lights to improve visibility with evening turns and winding roads.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Engineers have added a new HEPA air filtration system, removing 99.97% of all particulate exhaust pollution, allergens, bacteria, and other airborne contaminants. Like the Model X, this Air Filtration system features a “Bioweapon Defense Mode” that maintains positive pressure inside the cabin, to prevent toxic gasses from entering the Car’s cabin.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Designers have added several cosmetic improvements in the Cabin, adding a few new wood trim options. Buyers can also select an Option for heating or cooling Forced-Air ventilation of the front seats, a similar HVAC system employed in Tesla’s Model X. For example, on a Hot Afternoon in South Florida, the interior seating becomes very hot, upwards of 150ยบF.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla offers an AirConditioned Front Seats Option, that delivers Cool, Dry, Forced-Air Circulation inside the perforated seat-cushions, creating a cool, dry seat, rather than a scorching hot seat, particularly if you fit the Car with Black Leather. Seat-cushion air circulation is very comfortable at all times. However, particularly comfortable during long commutes and road-trips.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla’s iPhone APP โ€“ when launched your iPhone becomes a Remote Control for your Model S Car. Using the App you can start the Car’s Air Conditioning System, while you are finishing getting dressed in the morning, or awaiting your arrival from your Meeting, Luncheon, or Shopping. From your iPhone or Apple Watch, you are able to see the internal temperature of the Car, verify that it’s properly Locked, check your Fuel Range, and Turn-On the Air Conditioning, preparing the Car for your arrival to it.

๐Ÿ”˜ Model S will likely be paired with a 120 kWh High-Capacity LiON Battery delivering a Range of 400 Miles that will eventually replace the battery pack presently offered. We previously reported that Tesla and Panasonic have designed a slightly larger LiON battery cell [2mm bigger in diameter, 5mm taller] that delivers 33% greater Power with no increase in the cost to product the Lion cells. Implementation of this new LiON 20700 cell may be the effect of assembling a 120 kWh LiON battery pack. Presently Customers have the choice of TESLA’s 70 kWh LiOn battery pack, and the 90 kWh LiON Battery pack, paired with either a single-rear-motor, 2-Wheel Drive system, or paired with Front-Wheel motor plus Rear-Wheel motor, for their AWD package.

๐Ÿ”˜ Folks require more than a 300 mile range in an Electric Car. Tesla need to deliver a 400 Mile Range Battery pack, principally because at current Charging Rates, a 5-Minute “electric” Fill-Up delivers 28 Miles Range added to the LiON Battery, at Best. We understand that Tesla SuperCharger Stations will increase to a Power of 150 kWh [from 120 kWh]. This 25% increase that may deliver 35 Miles per 5 Minute charge, or 100 Mile Range in 15 Minutes, or over 200 Mile Range in 30 minutes.

๐Ÿ”˜ There are 168,000 Gas Stations, and 40,000 Electric Fueling Spots in the US. Electric Car drivers need and want greater Range per Full Charge, per Fill-up. Recall, When a Gasoline Engine powered Car pulls into a Gas Station, within 5-Minutes, they receive 15 Gallons of Gas, which provides 330 Miles of range, as established by the EPA standards of 22MPG, with a 15 gallon fuel-tank.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla needs a 120 kWh 400 Mile Range LiON Battery for the Model S, X, and Model 3 Cars. A 120 kWh Battery’s 400 mile Range, in traditional Gas-Tank equivalency, of an 18.2 Gallon Gas Tank, in a car that achieves 22MPG. Hopefully the Chargers and Battery Chemistry, will permit more Power to enter the LiOn Battery in Less Time.

๐Ÿ”˜ For Electric Car Fill-ups, a 5-Minute Electric Fill-up, an Electric Car receives only 28 Miles of Range, at any of the 630 Tesla SuperCharger Stations, the most powerful [120 kWh chargers] in the US. The 2nd best Electric Charger “in the wild” delivers 16 mile Range for a 5 minute charge, and there are not too many of these ChargePoint 200 RPH chargers. The Model S onboard charging system has been upgraded to accept 48 Amp Service, a 20% increase over the previous specs.

๐Ÿ”˜ Space X Mission Successfully Lands CRS-8 First Stage Rocket on a Drone-Ship situated in the Atlantic Ocean, April, 2016. http://youtu.be/sYmQQn_ZSys

๐Ÿ”˜ SPACE X Mission April 8, 2016, 30 minute narrated clip behind the line showing the Mission, an the background stories. Well worth your time. As you are watching this clip, as the 1st stage Rocket Lands on the Drone-Ship, floating out there, in the Atlantic Ocean, you’ll be standing and cheering with everyone else… http://youtu.be/7pUAydjne5M

๐Ÿš˜ Compare Tesla Model S and Model X all Electric Cars. From a Non-Car-Guy point of view, we discuss in reasonable detail [not-too-technical] a few of the commonly used electric-car terms; We need to think and understand this new “language.”

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla Cars Viewed from a Buyer Perspective, selecting the Options for the Model S or Model X makes significant changes to the Comfort and Safety of the Driver & Passengers, plus the Car’s Agility, Power, and Performance. In this article we Compare two highly rated Tesla electric Cars.

๐Ÿš˜ Permit me to bring you “up to speed” on some of the ingredients that make the Tesla Electric Cars “tick.” Remember, it’s All about the Cells, LiON Cells. Thousands of Cells in all Model X and Model S Cars.

๐Ÿš˜ Look at this Single Lithium-Ion Cell in hand. The LiON Cell is truly the Magical Ingredient that energizes Tesla Model S and Model X Cars. Thousands of these Cells [literally 7,104 Cells] all lined up in a special arrangement, with 444 cells housed in each Module, where all 16 modules are connected together to deliver 400v DC at 225 Amps, yielding a 90 kWh Battery weighing 1,200 pounds.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla’s GigaFactory, 100 Electric Ave, Sparks, Nevada. Tesla’s Lithium-Ion Battery factory [over 3 million sq.ft, on 1.5 sq. miles land] will produce more Lithium Cells than the entire World’s 2015 production. The Gigafactory’s initial production capacity is targeted at 35 Million kWh per Year, enough Lithium Cells to power 400,000 Tesla Cars/yr, [that’s 2.75 Billion Cells, LiON Cells/year or 7.64 Million Cells/day].

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla’s new GigaFactory is an 80 Acre Building Under Roof. Tesla’s battery partner [Panasonic] will be manufacturing their new co-designed LiOn Cell [the 20700 Cell] rendering it +133% more powerful. When Tesla’s Production Line [for Model X, Model S, Model 3 Cars] delivers 12,000 Cars per month, Tesla’s Gigafactory will be Producing 2.8 Million LiON Cells every Day, for the Car’s Batteries; This is just the “startup” quantity before Tesla Ramps-Up production [add the Model 3 Car in 2018] in Tesla’s new 3.5 million sq.ft. facility, the first phase of 10 Million sq.ft.

๐Ÿš˜ It’s Really All about the LiON Cells. Look at the picture of the 18650 Lithium-Ion Cell standing upright next to a traditional Double-AA battery on my iPad Pro’s keyboard. The LiON Cell [39gm] is over twice the physical size and weight of the AA battery [16gm]. Notice 5000 mAh capacity, equals 5.0 Ah at 3.7v DC. [Watts = A x V] or 5×3.7 = 18.5 Watt/Hr. Let’s divide it by 1000, to convert 18.5 Watts into kiloWatts. 18.5/1000 = 0.0185 kWh.

๐Ÿš˜ We Converted 18.5 Watts of storage into kWh [0.0185 kWh] the same units as in the 90 kWh Battery Pack. We know there are 7,104 LiON Cells in TESLA’s battery pack. Each individual LiON Cell can store 0.0185 kWh of power… seems like an itty-bitty amount of Power.

๐Ÿš˜ Cells are TESLA’s MAGIC. All these LiOn Cells are like a Miniature “Army” of Cells. A single “Army-Man’s” power, may not be impressive, with only 0.0184 kWh of muscle; BUT, let’s multiply our Army-Man, and bring in 7104 Army-Men; Now we have several Brigades, a “Powerful Force” of 7104 Men… 7104 Cells… Therefor, let’s take the single Cell’s modest Power of 0.0185 kWh, times 7,104. [0.0185 x 7104 = 131.4 kWh]

๐Ÿš˜ This is a Storage Pack with 131.4 kWh Power. OMG, that’s Huge. If these LiON Cells were all lined up in Tesla’s special arrangement for their TESLA Battery Pack, they’d have an amazing 130 kWh Battery, that’s 144% greater capacity than their present 90 kWh Battery, which would likely be an EPA rating of 400 Miles Range, rather than 275 EPA miles, for the present day 90 kWh Battery. See how much fun we’re having…

๐Ÿš˜ After All, it’s really all about the Cells, currently the 18650 LiOn Cell, is 18mm in diameter by 65mm tall. Battery Engineers say by increasing the Cell’s Diameter marginally by 2mm to 20mm, and increasing the cell’s Height from 65mm to 70mm, the new Cell, the LiON 20700 Cell will actually deliver 133% of the Power than its smaller brother, at the Same Cost per Cell.

๐Ÿš˜ Delivery of the 20700 LiON Cell may be the “Birth” of Tesla’s new 120 kWh Battery, with a Range over 400 Miles. This is a Huge development. Personally, having over 350 EPA certified miles is the Range folks need to see. Anything significantly less in Range [in my opinion] would be considered a “Commuter Car.”

๐Ÿš˜ Today is Racing in Fast Forward to the Future, as Electric Cars Charge on to the Mainstream However, too many folks remain pulled back with decades of prejudices and familiarity: “Pistons, Tanks, Gas, Rods, Gallons, Liters, Fumes, Plugs, V8’s, Octane, Unleaded…” Today, Electric Cars are becoming more popular partly because of the “GREEN” effect, plus some folks see Fuel Cost savings beneficial in the longer view.

๐Ÿš˜ Gas Prices at $2.75/Gallon currently, Equals 12ยข/Mile, [assume the EPA 22 MPG] the cost the average Gas Guzzler is about 12ยข/Mile. This fuel cost/mile is Three Times the cost of the Tesla Models S or X, electric utility charge of 4ยข/Mile. [electricity cost 12ยข/kW]

๐Ÿš˜ It takes Courage to be GREEN with Cars. One must have lots of Courage to be an “Electric Car Pioneer” knowing that: (A) Electric Car manufacturers do not have decades of experiences or durability stats, (B) Electric Charger-Stations are “few and far between” literally, (C) the Time required for an electric Fill-Up.

๐Ÿš˜ Gas Staton Fill-Ups: For an EPA standard 15 gallon Fill-Up, traditional Gas Stations [currently there are 168,000 US Gas Stations] that require about 5-Minutes in Fueling Time, giving your car 330 miles of Range, with an EPA standard of 22MPG, renders a cost of 12ยข/Mile, at $2.65/Gallon. With Electric-Car charging at most of the 40,000 charging-stations that currently exist in the US, the same 5-Minutes Fueling Time, gives your Electric Car 2.5 miles of Range. At DC FAST Express Commercial and Public Charging (19.2 kWr) Stations, a 5 minute charge gives your electric Car about 5 miles of Range. Fortunately, many EV Car Drivers have a Charger Connection at their residence garage, for every night fill-ups.

๐Ÿš˜ Your Garage becomes your Fuel Service Station, as you can Plug-In your Tesla using a 19.2 kWh Super Charger Kit, for an Over Night Fill Up, every Night. Although, the charging rate is roughly 60 RPH, [60 miles of Range per Hour of Charging], If you have a 360 Mile Battery, plugging in overnight, in 6 hours you are FULL of electric power. Although, the Public Charging Stations are time consuming for even a modest fill-up, your Garage Charger is very convenient for an every-Night topping-off your “Electric Fuel Tank.”

๐Ÿš˜ For Electric Cars to become truly Mainstream, These Issues Must be resolved

(A) Battery Range of 350 Miles
โ€“ Affordable Battery Technology, to render energy storage at a reasonable cost, giving 350+ Miles Range. With a bazillion Gas Stations in the US, [actually 168,000] gas driven cars receive a 330 mile range with a 5-minute Fill-Up time
(B) Range per 5 Minute Fill-Up. Charging Stations will have to Deliver significantly more Range than 5 Miles with a 5 Minute Charge
(C) DC-FAST chargers by ChargePoint are currently the fastest commercial chargers giving a Rate of 200 RPH which equals 15 Miles Range for a 5 Minute charge using the CHAdeMO plug.

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA is getting FASTER with Charging Speed, as their Super-Charger Stations Deliver a 30 mile Range in 5-minutes, 115 Miles of Range in 20 Minutes, or 170 Miles in 30 Minutes, Electric Charging gives 5 Miles of Range per Minute … This charging-rate although FAST for electric charging points, is still relatively slow, compared to the Time folks are used to at Gas Stations, giving 60 miles of Range per Minute. Tesla’s Super-Charger Stations are proprietary for Tesla Cars Only, as Tesla is providing its Power at No Cost to Tesla Drivers.

๐Ÿ”ด Below are YouTube Video-Clips Links that you may be interested in viewing. Having reviewed dozens of videos, these have been picked, showing (A) A Video, narrated, takes you into the assembly-line of the Model S at their factory in Fremont, California (B) Tesla associate Delivering a Tesla Model S to a customer; taking a new Tesla owner through the setup of the features for the Model S. TESLA’s delivery-training is worth your time (C) the next 2 video-clips demonstrate the Tesla AutoPilot in action on freeways, first with the Model X, the second is with the Model S car.

๐Ÿ”ต These Clips have been placed between two distinctive images, so you can return here, at a later time, after you’ve read the article.

๐Ÿ”ด Tesla Factory is Automated with Robotics; this interesting, narrated YouTube video-clip gives a closeup view of the assembly of some key components such as the unique Tesla Motor, Gear Box, and Dashboard electronics: https://goo.gl/5wu3sW

๐Ÿ”ด Tesla Factory Delivery of Your New Model S All Tesla Cars are build-to-order. In a few weeks you car will be ready for delivery to you. This YouTube narrated video-clip shows a Tesla Delivery to a Customer: https://goo.gl/cpHnYt

๐Ÿ”ด Tesla Drivers demonstrate the Model X and the Model S AutoPilot with Software version 7.0 These narrated demonstrations of the Autopilot shows the hands-free operation of the Tesla Autopilot controlling the car on Expressways at 70+mph, quite amazing:
https://goo.gl/Tj3wGr
https://goo.gl/YxQyNa

๐Ÿ”ด A Tesla Driver demonstrates the Apple Watch monitoring the status of the Model S and some of the Controlling capability of the Model-S Car. https://goo.gl/72smx0

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla provides a Free APP for iPhones and Apple Watch where Drivers may Plug-In at the Charging station, Start the Charge cycle, Lock the Car, then go into a Coffee shop or Retail Center. Then Remotely, Drivers can Open the Tesla APP on your iPhone and on your Apple Watch, which Logs-In to your Tesla Car’s Computer, to do lots of tasks
(A) Look at the Status of your Car: Locked, Unlocked, Interior Temperature, Range in Miles
(B) You can Honk your Horn, Flash the Car’s Lights to help you find the car in a large parking lot, or a dark street, Start the A/C system to Cool-Down your Car, so it’s ready for you at a Comfortable temperature, or heat the car in the Winter season
(C) Look at the Charging-progress of your Car, see the Miles Range as your Battery is charging, you’d then know when it’s time to return to your Tesla Car
(D) All of these actions can be performed from your iPhone and your Apple Watch.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla Promises Free Super-Charges Forever. Free charging as assured by Elon Musk helps to mitigate the limited Network of Stations, and the relatively slow Charge-time [compared to Gas-Fill-Ups]. Tesla’s SuperCharger Stations are Super-Fast [compared to all other Commercial and Public charger stations] but are relatively slow compared to Gasoline Car fill-ups. Hopefully new Battery technologies will permit significantly Faster Charge Times. It is believed that LiON Battery technology is one of the major factors limiting Charge-Time.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla SuperCharger stations require 20-30 Minutes to obtain a reasonable 100-175 Mile Range added to their Battery “Fuel Tanks.” To mitigate this “time issue” Tesla locates their Stations near Destinations where the Driver may be encouraged to visit, like Coffee Shops, Malls, Retail Shopping Centers.

๐Ÿš˜ Good News: The Public, Federal & State Governments, and Technology Enterprises are Focusing on GREEN Personal Transportation Solutions. For Traditional Cars: We need to arrest (an increasing portion of) the Toxic-Fumes spewing into the atmosphere, Electric Vehicles (EVs) are an answer; The EV Revolution has many of us digesting a new vocabulary: Lithium Ion batteries, Cells, 90 kWh, 70 kWh, LiON Cells, is Bigger Better, How Big is enough, Charger-Stations, Amps, Watts, Volts, Bolts, AC, DC not CD, RPH not MPH… EV’s have NO sign of Toxic Fumes, there’s no Gas-burning, nor tail-pipe Exhaust…

๐Ÿš˜ Compare Model X & Model S: Reviewing Tesla’s web site is a good experience; the web-site is well designed and full of attractive, informative dialogs and graphics. Our effort, is to provide the back-story, analysis, and related information on the topic of Electric Cars, from the point of view of a “Non-CAR-Guy.” After all, we want to know more about electric cars; we need to know What’s Watt.

๐Ÿš˜ Model S โ€“ Performance and Safety Refined โ€“ Model S is designed from the ground up to be the safest, most exhilarating sedan on the road; Having driven the Model S recently, Exhilarating is an Understatement. With unparalleled performance delivered through Teslaโ€™s unique, all-electric powertrain, Model S accelerates from 0 to 60 mph in as little as 2.8 seconds with its optional “Ludicrous Performance Mode.” Model S comes with true Autopilot capabilities designed to assist the highway driving experience, making it safer and stress free.

๐Ÿš˜ Adaptive Headlight Lighting โ€“ Model S features full LED adaptive headlights. Besides enhancing the already great styling, adaptive headlights also boost safety. With 14 three-position LED dynamic turning-lights improve visibility at night, especially on winding roads.

๐Ÿš˜ HEPA Medical Grade Air Filter โ€“ Model S now features a Medical grade HEPA air filtration system, which removes 99.97% of particulate exhaust pollution and effectively all allergens, bacteria, and other contaminants from the Cabin Atmosphere. Tesla has a “Bioweapon Defense” mode that creates a Positive Pressure inside the Cabin to protect occupants from any poisonous gasses from entering the Car. Not that we are expecting an attack, but, every day we can be following a Tractor Trailer that is spewing Clouds of Black Soot and Toxic Fumes… this screen activated mode, protects everyone in the Car from being “gassed” by every-day driving hazards.

๐Ÿš˜ Autopilot โ€“ Tesla’s Autopilot performs the following comprehensive tasks (A) assists Model S with steering, by keeping the Car within your Lane, (B) Change lanes with the simple tap of a turn signal (C) Manages Speed by using active, traffic-aware cruise control assuring safe following distance from the Car ahead (D) Digitally controls the motors, brakes, and steering mechanisms, to help avoid collisions from either Frontally and Sides (E) Prevents the car from wandering off the road, as often occurs when a sleepy driver dozes.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla AutoPilot also enables your car to Scan for an adequate Parking Space, and will Parallel Park on the Driver’s command. Tesla’s Summon, is a new feature that permits the Driver to “Call your Car” using your iPhone. When the Driver Summon’s their Car, the AutoPilot controls the car where it self-drives your empty Car, to meet you at your Front Door, all systems on GO. Tesla’s Autopilot features are progressively enabled over time with periodic software updates. The latest software update 7.0 added the “Summon” feature mentioned above.

๐Ÿš˜ Automatic Steering with Traffic Aware Cruise Control โ€“ Active sensors combined with GPS and high resolution digital maps comprise a mutually reinforcing system that pilots Model S along the highway, staying within your lane, even in stop and go traffic.

๐Ÿš˜ AutoPilot with Real-Time Learning โ€“ RealTime automated feedback from Tesla’s fleet of over 100,000 of Model S and X Cars. Think about it. All Tesla Car’s onboard Computers are periodically reporting to the “Mother Ship” information about the accuracy of its AutoPilot functions and Driver Assist features.

๐Ÿš˜ AutoPilot โ€“ If the Tesla Computer is driving “off course” where the Driver intercedes with a “course correction” the Car’s onBoard Computer makes note of these “autonomous driving errors” and transmits each occurrence to Tesla’s home office. All these course corrections and adjustments from all over the world, from Tesla’s Fleet of over 100,000 cars are assimilated. Software engineers will augment the navigation program accordingly, to ensure these systems are continually Learning and Improving upon itself. Tesla transmits a “Smarter, Trained, AutoPilot” into your Model S, Model X, Model 3 Computer system, periodically.

๐Ÿš˜ Dual Motor Model S is a categorical improvement on conventional all-wheel drive systems. With two motors, one in the front and one in the rear, Model S digitally and independently controls torque to the front and rear wheels. The result is unparalleled traction control in all road and climate conditions.

๐Ÿš˜ Model S, it’s two Motors are lighter, smaller, and more efficient than the Gasoline Car counterparts, providing both improved Range and faster Acceleration. In contrast, conventional all-wheel drive cars employ complex mechanical linkages and transaxles to distribute power from a single engine to all four wheels. This sacrifices energy efficiency in favor of all-weather traction.

๐Ÿš˜ Model S Performance comes standard with All-Wheel Drive Dual Motors, pairing the high performance rear motor with a high efficiency front motor to achieve “SuperCar” acceleration, from zero to 60 miles per hour in 2.8 seconds.

๐Ÿš˜ Model S is Built around the Driver โ€“ Model S is a Car-Driver’s car. The cabin combines meticulous noise-abatement engineering with Tesla’s uniquely quiet powertrain to obtain the Sound Dynamics of a Recording Studio. Having recently driven the Model S, one of the most stunning observations Driving the Model S is the “Total Silence” one experiences when putting on a Pair of BOSE noise-cancelling Headphones.

๐Ÿš˜ Touchscreen โ€“ The Model S is controlled an impressive 17″ touchscreen, is the interior centerpiece, high-resolution Display. The LCD display is angled toward the Driver and includes both day and night modes for better visibility without distraction. The Display puts rich and important content at the Driver’s fingertips providing mobile [cellular] connectivity. The Driver can easily find a destination, favorite song, or a new restaurant, PLUS the display controls most of the car’s functions. Opening the all glass panoramic roof, customizing the automatic climate control, setting the AutoPilot parameters, changing the radio station, all happen with a swipe or a touch. The touchscreen, digital instrument cluster, and steering wheel controls seamlessly integrate media, navigation, communications, cabin controls and vehicle data.

๐Ÿš˜ Model S is designed from the ground up to be the safest car on the road, according to Tesla. Much of its safety is owed to the unique electric drivetrain and the 1200 pound Battery pack that sits beneath the car’s aluminum occupant cell in its own subframe. This unique positioning substantially lowers the car’s center of gravity, which improves handling and minimizes rollover risk, and replaces the heavy engine block with impact absorbing boron steel rails.

๐Ÿš˜ Side impacts are met by aluminum pillars reinforced with steel rails to reduce intrusion, protecting occupants and the battery pack while improving roof stiffness. In the event of an accident, eight airbags protect front and rear occupants, and the 90 kWh Battery [a high-voltage 400v DC, 225 Amp array of LiOn Cells] is automatically disconnected.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla Launch Event of for the Model X โ€“ Sept 29, 2015 by Tesla Motors โ€“ https://vimeo.com/140889963

๐Ÿš˜ According to Tesla Motors, the Model X is the safest, fastest and most capable sport utility vehicle in history. With all-wheel drive and a 90 kWh battery providing 257 miles of range [an EPA stat], Model X has ample seating for up to seven adults [with 3 seating options] and all of their gear. The Model X itโ€™s ludicrously fast, accelerating from zero to 60 MPH in as quick as 3.2 seconds [with High Performance Option]. Model X is the no-compromise SUV.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla states that it’s Model X is designed with safety as the first priority. The floor-mounted 1200 pound battery lowers the center of gravity so that the risk of rollover is “half the risk” any other SUV in its class. The battery structure strengthens Model X against side impact intrusions. Without a gasoline engine, the Model X’s large front trunk acts as a giant impact-absorbing crumple zone. Tesla’s own internally conducted crash testing indicates that Model X has the expectation, to be the first SUV to receive the highest safety rating in every category; although as of this writing, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has not yet conducted crash testing on the Model X.

๐Ÿš˜ Active Safety: Model X continually scans the surrounding roadway with cameras, radar and sonar systems, providing the driver with real-time feedback to help avoid collisions. Even at highway speeds, Model X is designed to automatically apply brakes in an emergency.

๐Ÿš˜ Falcon Wing doors allow easy access to second and third row seats from even a tight parking space, while traditional SUV doors or Minivan sliding doors would not grant any access.

๐Ÿš˜ With only a foot of clearance on either side, Falcon Wing doors articulate smoothly up and out of the way, allowing passengers to enter from both front and rear directions. The side and overhead opening is so large that parents can buckle children in without ducking or straining and without bumping their child’s head on the roof.

๐Ÿš˜ Aerodynamic, Model X is able to achieve 257 miles of range in part because it is the most aerodynamic SUV in production. With a Drag Coefficient of 0.24, Model X’s Wind Resistance is 20% lower than the next best SUV, better than most all other Cars period. In addition, an active spoiler deploys from the rear lift-gate optimizes highway efficiency and stability.

๐Ÿš˜ Big Sky Effect โ€“ Model X has the largest all glass panoramic windshield in production, providing an unparalleled view of the road, scenery, stars, and sky above. Optimized solar-tinting and obstruction-free view, creates unlimited visibility for the driver and all passengers.

๐Ÿš˜ Autopilot โ€“ Tesla’s Autopilot performs the following comprehensive tasks (A) assists Model S with steering, by keeping the Car within your Lane, (B) Change lanes with the simple tap of a turn signal (C) Manages Speed by using active, traffic-aware cruise control assuring safe following distance from the Car ahead (D) Digitally controls the motors, brakes, and steering mechanisms, to help avoid collisions from either Frontally and Sides (E) Prevents the car from wandering off the road, as often occurs when a sleepy driver dozes.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla AutoPilot also enables your car to Scan for an adequate Parking Space, and will Parallel Park on the Driver’s command. Tesla’s Summon, is a new feature that permits the Driver to “Call your Car” using your iPhone. When the Driver Summon’s their Car, the AutoPilot controls the car where it self-drives your empty Car, to meet you at your Front Door, all systems on GO. Tesla’s Autopilot features are progressively enabled over time with periodic software updates. The latest software update 7.0 added the “Summon” feature mentioned above.

๐Ÿš˜ Automatic Steering with Traffic Aware Cruise Control โ€“ Active sensors combined with GPS and high resolution digital maps comprise a mutually reinforcing system that pilots Model S along the highway, staying within your lane, even in stop and go traffic.

๐Ÿš˜ AutoPilot with Real-Time Learning โ€“ RealTime automated feedback from Tesla’s fleet of over 100,000 of Model S and X Cars. Think about it. All Tesla Car’s onboard Computers are periodically reporting to the “Mother Ship” information about the accuracy of its AutoPilot functions and Driver Assist features.

๐Ÿš˜ AutoPilot โ€“ If the Tesla Computer is driving “off course” where the Driver intercedes with a “course correction” the Car’s onBoard Computer makes note of these “autonomous driving errors” and transmits each to Tesla’s home office. All these course corrections and adjustments from all over the world, from Tesla’s Fleet of over 100,000 cars are assimilated, to ensure these systems are continually Learning and Improving upon itself. Tesla transmits a “Smarter, Trained, AutoPilot” into your Model S, Model X, Model 3 Computer system, periodically.

๐Ÿš˜ Seating for Seven โ€“ Model X comfortably seats seven people in three rows: 2F, 3M, 2R. Every seat is the best seat in the house; however, the Middle Row of 3 seats are a work of art. Mounted on a single post and independently reclining, each second row seat is designed to maximize passenger comfort, legroom, under seat storage and access to the third row. The third row seats fold flat when not in use and the second row seats lean forward and out of the way for even more cargo area

๐Ÿš˜ Technology and Specifications
โ€ข Regular over-the-air updates add safety and navigation features, enhance performance and improve the driver experience
โ€ข Free Charge-ups at Tesla’s Supercharger network
โ€ข Maps and navigation with real-time traffic information
โ€ข Center console with a quick connect iPhone dock
โ€ข GPS enabled Homelink
โ€ข Electric All-Wheel Drive for max efficiency/traction
โ€ข Active safety technologies: side collision avoidance, automatic emergency braking
โ€ข Parking sensors and blind spot warning
โ€ข Full LED headlamps
โ€ข Power-folding, heated side mirrors
โ€ข Up to four LATCH child seat attachments
โ€ข Largest glass panoramic windshield in production, providing unparalleled views
โ€ข Falcon Wing doors allow access to 2nd, 3rd row seats
โ€ข Automatic keyless entry
โ€ข Automatic rear lift-gate opening
โ€ข Large interior storage capacity of 77 cubic feet
โ€ข Front trunk with room for luggage, strollers or golf bags
โ€ข Warranty is 8 years, infinite mile Battery and Drive Unit
โ€ข Warranty is 4 years, 50,000 mile limit for entire Car

๐Ÿš˜ Admittedly, before engaging with our Tesla Comparisons, it was believed that the Model S was the Larger Car, yes, the “S” is likely lower to the Ground, and it is. Having seen both cars “up close and personal” the Model S visually gives the appearance of being a Heavier, Longer and Wider machine.

๐Ÿš˜ Comparison-List of Specs for Model X and Model S for 9โƒฃ key measures; the results were quite surprising. Here are a few of the biggest surprises: the Model X is 624 Pounds Heavier, The Model X is Wider by 4″, it’s also Longer by 2″, and more Shoulder Room by 3″ Wider, Head Room is almost 3″ Taller for those big guys, and Hip Room is over 4″ Wider too.

๐Ÿš˜ Truthfully, I’m already “Sold on the entire Tesla concept” however, Comparing both Models. But after a fairly extensive research effort, to render this article worthwhile, my 1st choice Model changed, back and forth, both ways, this way and that way… I thought this would be an easy pick. Selecting a Car is a personal matter. The Style, Look, Power, AWD, RWD, Utility, Speed, Range, Software, Suspension, Colors and Materials… Which Model is best for you, the “X” or the “S” ? Read on, it may help with your selection.

๐Ÿš˜ The Challenge as Electric Vehicles become “Mainstream” particularly in light of Tesla’s new Model 3 Reveal, midnight (March 31st-April 1st) just three weeks ago, Tesla received over 325,000 Reservation Deposits of $1000 in One Week. This is an unheard of huge global “Reservation-List” for a new Car that no one at the time had actually seen yet, albeit an affordable $35,000 beauty. (We’ve collected some stunning pictures and video clips below).

๐Ÿš˜ Whether it’s TESLA Cars or the other 25-flavors of electric cars sold in the US last year, for example, the Top Three: 92,700 Chevy Volts, 92,500 Nissan Leafs, 63,100 Tesla Model S Cars, are among the 410,000 electric vehicles sold last year, plus 12,200 charging stations and 30,700 Public Charging points in the US. Where are all those Charging locations that have the “Type of Juice” a Tesla requires? How much will it Take? How many Miles can be driven with an Electric Fill-Up? In a Reasonable amount of Time… how much Time?

๐Ÿš˜ The Buzz Words, AC, DC, kWh, SAE-J1772, CHAdeMO, RPH not MPH, DC not CD, Current-Flow, no more High-Test or Low-Test… So What’s with the Watts, Range, Amps, Volts, Bolts and Leafs. Fear Not, scroll-down to this “โ€“โ€“Previously Reportedโ€“โ€“” marker, where we’ve explained many of these terms, which serves as a guide for your New Tesla, to keep you energized and literally Charged. Globally, there are over 1.2 Billion Gas and Electric cars driving on the roads today, with over 600,000 electric cars last year.

๐Ÿš˜ Model X Proposed Order formulated on Tesla’s Design Center showing options selected.

๐Ÿš˜ Model S Range Per Charge chart shows four Model S configurations showing the (Milage) Range for a fully charged Model S, that you’d anticipate depending on the Battery Size of 70 kWh or the 90 kWh, and Motor D configuration (2-wheel drive or 4-wheel drive) selections. Notice, Ambient Temperature was turned up to 90ยบF, Average driving speed was set at 45mph, and the A/C On, using 19″ wheels.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla Model S 90D Achieves over 400 Mile Range on One Charge, is very impressive, as no other Electric Car has even half this Range. [443 Mile Range with A/C off, 392 Mile Range with A/C on, average driving speed 45mph]. Tesla says, each year, their engineers expect its LiON Battery Technologies will improve kWh Capacity and Range by around 5%-to-10% per Year, due to engineering efficiencies and improvements of the LiON cell structure and chemistry. These individual LiON-Cells are quite important; The 90 kWh LiON battery contains 7104 cells housed within 16 modules, containing 444 cells in each module. [Each Module delivers 25v DC at 225 Amps. The Math: 16 Modules at 25v DC equals 400 vDC at 225Amps, which equals 90kWh of Power.] Tesla’s Lithium Battery pack containing a “bazillion small cells” [well 7104 cells] was probably my biggest surprise.

๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA has been thinking about these topics that only great automotive engineers consider regarding Fuel (electric or gas) Efficiency, the $Cost/Mile driven; however, lets keep it simple for now, by excluding these important items: Tire replacement, Drivers’ aggressive driving habits (hard acceleration, braking, hard turns), the engine, drivetrain, fuel-grade, etc. Let’s exclude all the items above, and read on.

๐Ÿš˜ The following items, are very important “external factors” engineers are very interested in, that effect (Milage) $Cost/Mile efficiency: (1) Wind Resistance on the Car’s external surfaces (Coefficient of Aerodynamic Drag), overall-shape, front-grill, door-handles, antennas, windshield-wipers (2) Tire Friction, the interaction of the tires on the paved streets, camber, caster, alignment and (3) the Wheel-Bearings. All these factors require [more] energy to overcome their effect on Car’s performance.

๐Ÿš˜ Considering all these Internal and External Engineering Factors, TESLA has designed a precision 4-door sedan using electric propulsion… winning awards from the entire automotive industry globally, combined with over 80,000 pleased Tesla Model S owners. Elon Musk while on-stage said, the gross margins on the Model S sales, helped to finance the development their new Model 3 Car unveiled April 1 at midnight. While on stage, Musk thanked the audience for buying the Model S… or else the “Model 3 would not be here this evening…” The Model 3 being Tesla’s answer for a truly “affordable electric car” priced at $35,000 for the mainstream.

๐Ÿš˜ Currently, Tesla Motors builds their Model S and Model X to the specifications defined by each Buyer as they order their Custom TESLAs. Currently the Tesla production-line is delivering over 4,100 Tesla cars per month, a bit over 50,000 cars/year during 2015. Next year Model S production is planned to ramp-up to 100,000 cars/year. In 2018 Tesla will begin ramping-up their new Model 3 affordable, $35,000 car for the masses, in effort to satisfy some portion of the 325,000 reservations it received within a week of the Model-3 REVEAL on 4/1/16.

๐Ÿš˜ That said, let’s build our Model S Car with a good selection of features, as Tesla decided that they are building each Car for each Buyer, “Build-to-Order” plan, not the reverse. Many other car manufacturers produce cars with company designed options, filling Car Lots with large inventories of Cars they Hope the folks will desire.

๐Ÿš˜ First Step is to decide about the 70 kWh Battery or the 90 kWh Battery. The larger 90 kWh battery pack will provide more power and greater Range (miles) per Full Charge. In gasoline terms, do we want a Larger “Fuel Tank” or a smaller one. Since Electric Vehicles are charged in one’s residential garage, and when on the highways, the number of Tesla SuperChargers, it’s charger infrastructures of 615 current Stations, is not fully developed; therefore we’d recommend the Longest-Range battery available, to mitigate the issue of fewer Fast-Fueling (Charger) locations.

๐Ÿš˜ Several years from now, having the Largest Battery [largest fuel tank] may be not as important a consideration, as it is today. Therefore, lets select the 90 kWh Battery. Next, do we recommend 2-wheel drive or 4-wheel drive. With the Model S there are several combinations of choices, for battery size and 2-Wheel or All-Wheel drive. The 90D gives an excellent balance of Range, Power, and 4-Wheel drive.

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA’s Model S 90D All-Wheel drive is Recommended as displayed above. If one desired greater performance, then the P90D could have been selected for a $20,000 premium. The Model S 90D selection is provides an excellent balance of power and range with a base price of $89,000. Let’s recommend this model.

๐Ÿš˜ Next, let’s select the exterior Paint Color, Interior treatments, Panoramic Roof and Wheels. Let’s pick fire engine RED for the Car’s exterior color, a $1500 extra, the panoramic all glass roof for $1500, Next Gen Leather for $2500, standard wheels, Dark Ash wood interior treatment, and the Black Headliner. This brings the Model S price to $98,000 which includes the $3000 Premium interior package shown below.

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA’s Model S: An Important Option to consider is their High Amp Charger package, also known as the Dual-Charger package for $1500. This electronics package is [simply] a more powerful AC-to-DC [internal, under the hood] Converter. If you do not have this High Amp package, you will be trapped at an annoyingly “Very Slow Fill Rate” particularly, when you’re in a hurry during the day. [My guess Tesla will eventually include this as “Standard” equipment.]

๐Ÿš˜ Think about the number of times you’re Driving around town on ยผTank. This High Amp Kit permits the Car to be Charged at TWICE the RPH rate (range per hour) with a Public Charger, or your Garage. (in Technical terms for your electrician, the Power requirements: a 100Amp, 240v AC dedicated circuit.) When you Plug into this high power circuit, it permits a FAST-Charge Rate of 60 miles of Range Per Hour, or 60 minutes of Charging, this is RPH. Therefore, plugging-in over night, with 3 hours of charging we’d add 180 miles of driving Range. With the 90 kWh battery, in 3-5 hours we’d get a complete Fill-Up of power for the next days’ driving. This is important, BUT more importantly, is “Filling” your TESLA at a Curb-side Public Charger for 20 miles of Range with only 20 minutes of charging. [We are now at $99,500 for this Car, but we’re not quite done. There are several other Options to consider.]

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA’s Model S AutoPilot Convenience Feature. This package is an on-board Software package installed onto the Car’s Computer System. The Hardware is already included with all Tesla cars. AutoPilot operates by assisting the Driver to stay in-Lane on highways, assists in changing lanes by using its 360ยบ array of sensors to guide the Car when you want to change lanes, it also checks for any cars in front or you, plus left & right sides, making sure there is ample and safe distance from the car in front, and adjusting speed up-or-down, to maintain a safe margins. This system also provides for automated Parallel Parking. Tesla as been improving the Tesla onboard computer, presently up to software upgrade 7.1. Tesla will improve and upgrade the Car’s software from time to time [at 3am] when your sleeping… adding new and improved capabilities.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla is committed to new innovations for its “AutoPilot” program, adding features, to enhance the Driver experience, for Public safety, plus Driver safety and convenience. Elon Musk says Tesla’s GOAL is to have their Tesla AutoPilot function as a true Autonomous-Driving experience, once fully tested and obtains Government DOT approval, said to be “achieved in several years, less than 5.” My thoughts, if we’re buying a $100k+ car, let’s spend another 2.5% and get this amazing driver-assist. Let’s include this $2500 option. [Our next article may be only about Tesla’s AutoPilot, it’s that exciting.]

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA’s Model S Ultra High Fidelity Sound System. Yes, let’s recommend incredible Sound for a very special Ultra-Quite Car. This system redefines the automotive audio experience, but is more than a bigger amplifier and more speakers. This is a $2500 option likely worth the added expense; having driven the Model S several months ago, the sound system gives the impression that you’ve entered a “Recording Studio Sound Stage.” Pure, Clean, Detailed, Undistorted, Sound, surrounding You and your Passengers, which otherwise is totally quite with No engine noise nor noticeable road-roar, even when driving at expressway speeds. [We are now up to a $104,500 Model S package. Almost done with Options to consider.]

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA’s Model S: Air Suspension is Very Smart. This package permits the Car to be intelligently elevated [further] above street grade, to handle steep driveways or undulating roads, where having greater ground-clearance is safe and beneficial. The onboard Computer system remembers where the driver made this onScreen manual elevation-adjustment; When you drive to this same GPS position, the Car will elevate automatically. When you arrive at your driveway or a restaurant, or where Passengers are unloading, the Driver can manually increase the elevation of the Car, making for an improved exit-experience for yourself, your passengers, and their baggage. We have now completed the Option-package recommendations; the Model S is priced at $108,200 including Tesla’s $1200 delivery charge and documentation costs.

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA’s Model S final configuration including all the chosen options are displayed in the graphic below. Recall, Tesla has chosen the Customize your Car, “Build-to-Order” business model. Our Car with the options we desire are ordered with a $2500 refundable deposit; Once your Build-to-Order Custom Car enters the Production Line your $2500 deposit, becomes non-refundable. [Buyers are notified (warned) prior to their deposit going “hard”.] Your car should be ready for delivery in about 6 weeks based on Tesla’s current back-log of orders to be filled, or thereafter if we chose a later delivery date, giving consideration for Tesla’s then Production delay.

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA’s Model S: Final Configuration with Recommended Options, earns an EPA rating of 103 eMPG, the “electric” equivalency of MPG. When charging the Model S with an electric-utility cost of 12ยข/kWh, our Fuel-Cost in miles driven is 3.95ยข/mile, therefore for 15,000 miles driven, the EPA has determined the Annual Cost is $600. According to the EPA in five years the total cost savings is $9,600 as compared to an equivalent Gasoline Powered car. [There is extensive testing performed by the EPA with factory interaction to establish fair EPA Disclosure stickers.]

๐Ÿš˜ In Sum, assuming the Federal Government continues its $7,500 Tax Incentive, combined with the $9,600 five year savings in fuel cost, we’d experience an Overall Savings of $17,100 in Five Years and if she retained the Car for 8 years, we’d save another $5,760 for 3 more years, reaching the 8-year warranty expiration. Our new Tesla Model S car’s cost is $108,200 delivered, (less $17,100 and $5,760) Savings Total of $22,860 for a Model S net cost $85,340 which had an 8 Year [unlimited milage] Battery warranty, and 8 years on the Motor and Drive unit.

Tesla Model X Purchase Summary with Options is consistent with the Model S choices outlined above. Apparently, the four items below, are Options at an extra [$6500] cost for the Model S, however, for Model X these same items are “Standard” and “included” in the base price of the Car: (A) All Glass Panoramic Roof [$1500] (B) 20″ Premium Wheels [$2500] (C) Black Alcantara Headliner (D) Smart Suspension [$2500]. If visiting http://www.Tesla.com in their Design Studio for the Model X, there are selections for added Seating for up to 7 passengers, otherwise the Model X seats 5 comfortably.

Compare Tesla Model S with Model X Physical Specifications. When examining the specifications of these two Cars, the Model X external Car Body is longer in length and wider in width; Either Car Body is attached to the exact same Wheel Base Frame. Without getting into the weeds, both Cars have the exact same wheel-base, front wheel tracking, and rear wheel tracking. However, there are nine important differences worth mentioning listed below

1โƒฃ Model X Curb Weight is 5,271 Pounds, Heavier by 624 pounds, surprisingly
2โƒฃ Model X Length, overall is 16’6″, Longer by about 2.3″
3โƒฃ Model X Width, overall, Mirrors folded is 7’5″, Wider by about 4.2″
4โƒฃ Model X Ground Clearance is 7.55″, Higher Above-Ground by 1.9″
5โƒฃ Model X Shoulder Room is 60.7″, Wider by 3.0″, noticeable by Big folks
6โƒฃ Model X Leg Room Average is 39.8″, Longer by 0.4″, no one will notice
7โƒฃ Model X Head Room is 41.7″, Higher by 2.9″, noticeable by Tall folks
8โƒฃ Model X Hip Room Rear Seats is 59.0″, Wider by 4.3″, noticeable by Big folks
9โƒฃ Model X Cargo Room is 77 cu.ft., Larger by 46 cu.ft. due to Hatchback design

๐Ÿ”‹ High-Power DC Charger Stations are the future of Electric Vehicles adoption by the masses. This is the Main reason Tesla is building a huge infrastructure of SuperCharger Stations. The drive-in charger lanes deliver 120 kWh of DC directly into Tesla Cars, where you can add 170 miles of Range in 30 minutes, or 100 miles of Range in 20 minutes, etc. Cost and over-heating issues, limit the power levels an EV Car’s internal rectifier-circuit can handle in the vehicle. Therefore, for power requirements over 240vAC at 80 Amps (19.2 kWh), external charging station are more efficient delivering DC power directly into the vehicle’s LiON battery. Combine these factors with the EV industry’s desire to “Refill EV Cars quickly…”

Visit Tesla’s Charging Calculator, to change Energy cost or another parameter. (All samples displayed are set for $0.12/kWh the US average for Electricity) This Link contains the Charging Calculator, then scroll-Down to the Calculator. https://www.teslamotors.com/models-charging#/calculator.

Charging Examples displayed below Demonstrate a Residential Garage setup, using a 100A, 240v AC dedicated circuit, for charging all Tesla Models that contain the $1500 optional High Amperage Charger. This setup in the Car and in the Garage, delivers 19.2 kWh of Power into the Car’s High Amperage Charger which converts the high power AC to DC to energize the massive 1200 pound Tesla Battery pack.




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๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Model X โ€ข 100 kWh Battery Range Math: 288 Miles EPA Range = 195 Miles Real Range ๐Ÿ”˜

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๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Motors is Ready to Release a More Powerful 100 kWh LiON Battery Pack; It looks like TESLA is preparing to replace the existing 90 kWh Battery sooner than most expect (with an EPA estimated 257 Mile Range for the Model X, 294 Miles for the Model S). Tesla already updated the 70 kWh battery capacity to 75 kWh. Let’s focus on the Model X for the following Battery-Range Math.

๐Ÿ”˜ Model X’s 257 Miles of Range is not so bad overall, But… and this is a really BIG BUT, 257 Miles of EPA Rated Range computes to just 175 Miles of real driving Range. Below, is a detailed explanation. Therefore be Cautioned, if you want to drive your Tesla out of town periodically, it may be wise to select the Battery with THE MOST Capacity available, {As of 8/19/2016 the choices are 60 kWh, 75 kWh, 90 kWh}, unless you have short commutes, run errands locally, and do not intend to take road trips. Presently, there are not enough TESLA Super Charger Stations, to take the chance with a 175 mile range Car.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Model X Car with a 100 kWh Battery should achieve 288 miles of Range. But the “real drivable” Miles of Range is a figure significantly lower than 288. Let’s dissect the Range figure โ€“ In the First place, Tesla recommends “for the Health and Longevity of the Car’s LiON Battery, one should routinely charge the Battery to only 90%, unless you’re going on a trip, there goes -29 miles of range Off the Top.

๐Ÿ”˜ With your Model X and Model S Cars, you have two choices, follow Tesla’s Battery Health Advice to routinely Charge to only 90%, or Charge to 100% and run the risk of Limiting the Useful Life of your Car’s LiON Battery. Generally, when Editors, Factories and Governments estimate range, it is assumed that accessories are turned OFF, (likely because they can’t all agree to a standard of which group of accessories are ON or OFF). Choosing “Accessories OFF” tends to inflate MPG Milage and Battery Range statistics.

๐Ÿ”˜ Well, We’re going to drive the beautiful Model X with the A/C running to 70ยบF… we’re going to use the $2500 Autopilot Driver Assist package, we’re also going to listen to the amazing $2500 optional Sound System, will use all the $4500 stunning Lighting, Air Purification,Creature Comfort systems, and use the $2500 Smart Suspension, and the other advanced systems.

๐Ÿ”˜ Model X โ€“ Run Tesla’s Exciting Audio, Climate Control and other Advanced Systems mentioned โ€“ These systems will consume roughly 12% of the Car’s Power โ€“ this represents about -35 Miles of Range. We must also provide for a Fuel-Reserve similar to that employed in Gas Cars โ€“ there goes another -29 Miles of Range. These deductions in Battery Power, (or Range) add up…

๐Ÿ”˜ In Sum, for Tesla’s New 100 kWh LiON Battery with an estimated 288 Mile Range, is really 195 Miles of Range โ€“ the 100 kWh Battery {likely released in 2016} with a 288 projected Model X Range, is really a Battery Pack with 195 Miles of Usable Driving Range. The devil is in the details.

๐Ÿ”˜ Here is the Math, Range is: {288-(29+35+29)}=195. In Sum, these are the Range deductions from the Battery:

๐Ÿ”น Battery Health: -29 Mile Range
๐Ÿ”น Run the A/C: -35 Mile Range
๐Ÿ”น Fuel Reserve: -29 Mile Range
๐Ÿ”น Drivers should not enter the garage with zero power in the Battery, nor Zero Gas in the Tank. Of course, since Electric Car drivers generally have a Charger in the Garage. Drivers could take the risk and push the Reserve a bit. With the few number of Tesla Super Chargers, running out of “Juice” is risky business.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla’s release of the 75 kWh Battery includes a “Software Switch” taking the 75 kWh capacity down to 60 kWh in effort to create “entry level” pricing for the Model X and S cars, to $74,000 and $66,000 respectively. Tesla also eliminated the 85 kWh battery months ago , and replaced it with their currently available 90 kWh battery… Presently the 100 kWh Power Pack appears to be ready for release, we’re estimating an EPA Range of 328 Miles.

๐Ÿ”˜ There is something Magical about 100 kWh, particularly when it comes to Zero Emissions Automobile Power.

๐Ÿ”˜ But there is something even More Magical: a Real 400 Mile Range! Some say, including Elon Musk, that a 400 mile range may not be necessary. Bunk! . However, converting 400 mile range, into a Gasoline Luxury car equivalent, requires a 21ยพ Gallon Fuel Tank, assuming a Luxury 4,200 pound Gasoline-Car can actually deliver 19MPG miles per gallon.

๐Ÿ”˜ Most know that most Luxury cars do not actually achieve 19MPG performance, with a City/Highway, 55%/45% driving ratio. EPA milage ratings some say are a “Quasi-Hoax” promulgated by the Government and Domestic Auto Makers, what’s left of it. Remember, when ratings are “calculated” few Accessories and no Air Conditioning are running. Turn on the A/C and the accessories, you will experience a loss of -12% Range.

๐Ÿ”˜ Conversely, Image a BMW or Mercedes Dealer saying a 13ยพ Gallon Fuel Tank is all you Need. Bunk! Similarly for the Model X 90D Car, with a 257 Mile Range for the Model X 90D is not sufficient. Turn on the A/C and a few Accessories, you loose -12% of your Range, then you’re down to 226 Mile Range.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla recommends for the Health & Longevity of the LiON Battery, do not routinely charge the Battery over 90%, this is another -10% range deduction, bringing the Tesla Model X 90D’s 257 Mile Rated Battery, to a Range of 200 Miles, Bunk!

๐Ÿ”˜ If Tesla had a 400 Mile Range Battery (a 125 kWh Battery) โ€“ How many Miles of Range do you really get. When one drives the Luxury Tesla Model X 125D, we surely are going to use all those exciting Accessories, the amazing Sound System, Lighting, and the Air Conditioner, for example; These accessories consume 12% of the Power, which equals 48 Miles of Range.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla says “for the Health of your Battery don’t charge it Over 90%.” That’s another 40 miles of Range off the Top. We are not done yet. You cant take the risk of driving into your garage at ZERO miles, we need a “Fuel Reserve. “Lets set the electric fuel reserve to 10%, equals 40 Miles of Range. As there are Too Few Charging Stations currently, the reserve could be greater than 10%. Most Gasoline Cars set their “Emergency Fuel Light” to illuminate at 40-Mile-Reserve remaining in the Tank.

๐Ÿ”˜ 400 Mile Battery is Really 272 Miles of Usable Range, [Requiring a 125 kWh Battery]. The Math for Miles of Range is simple but painful: Stated Range of 400 Miles, less 40 Miles for the Tesla recommended 10% charging factor, less 48 Miles for your use of Accessories, less 40 Miles for the Fuel Reserve. In Sum, your 400 Mile Battery is really only 272 Miles in Usable Range.

{400-[40+48+40]=272}. Therefore don’t get all Pumped Up even with a 400 Mile Range Battery, because it’s only a Driving Range of 272 Miles, about 68% of the EPA Rated Miles.

๐Ÿ”˜ How about the Model X 60D’s EPA Range of 200 Miles. Let’s apply the 68% factor derived above, 200 Miles of EPA estimated Range, yields about 135 Miles of real drivable Range. If you are going to stay in Town running errands with a short commute to work, Fine; otherwise buyer beware in taking advantage of these more affordable Tesla cars.

๐Ÿ”˜ 160,000 Gas Stations in the USA currently pumping Gas and Diesel Fuel, adding 350 to 400 Miles of Range into their Fuel Tanks, requiring less than 6 minutes for the Fill-Up. There are Far Fewer Fast Charging Stations [like less than 700] that exist across the USA to Fast Charge Tesla Electric Cars.

๐Ÿ”˜ Presently there are NO “Public EV Car Chargers” that can “Pump Juice” for 400 Miles of Range in 5 Minutes, Not in 10 Minutes, Not in 20 Minutes, Not in 30, not in 40, 50, 60, 120 or 240 Minutes for a Fill-Up. Tesla’s Super Charger Stations (682 exist in the US as of August, 2016) currently are capable of delivering 300 miles of range in 70 minutes. This problem exists Today and likely for the next few years โ€“ all the more reason why TESLA and other EV Car makers, need to deliver 400-Mile Range Cars. Remember 400 EPA Miles of Range is actually 272 Miles of Drivable Range.

๐Ÿ”˜ Two Battery Capacities for Tesla Model X and S, will be 75 kWh and 100 kWh sometime in 2016. However, 100 kWh Battery should not the end of the kWh “Race” โ€“ I’d rather call increasing Miles of Range a kWh Goal rather than a “race.” After all, it’s not really about kWh, it’s about Miles of (Drivable) Range, but these two terms Range and kWh Power are directly linked. Once the Model S and X achieve a Real 400 Miles of Range, stability with Tesla kWh Capacities will be achieved.

๐Ÿ”˜ Model X and S Luxury Cars โ€“ Two Battery Capacities should be 75 kWh and 125 kWh, all other Capacities Software-enabled, if these configurations were up to me, which of course it’s not. IMHO here is a Huge Problem: Tesla Assessing a $8500 Premium to increase a 60 kWh Battery Capacity to 75 kWh. This $8500 premium Adds 39 Mile Range seems “ludicrous,” sorry for the word choice. Perhaps absurd or ridiculous would be better word choices.

๐Ÿ”˜ Let’s add 39 Miles of Range for $8,500 โ€“ really, you’ve got to be kidding. Apparently the development costs for Tesla’s LiON Battery Pack is way “Out of Balance” with the Model X and Model S Cars’ Total Cost.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla’s Marketing strategy currently is to Lower the Entry-level Cost of the Model S to around $66,000 and Model X to $74,000 in attempt to “convert” some of the Model 3 Reservation folks to Get the Model S and X Car NOW, rather than waiting 18 months for the Model 3.

๐Ÿ”˜ In my opinion, TESLA really needs to Step-Up the LiON Battery Engineering efforts to increase LiON Power Capacities and Lower the Cost of the LiON Battery Pack. Surely, these are the Goals of their new, massive GigaFactory recently opened in Sparks, Nevada; Yes, the City’s name is Sparks.

๐Ÿ”˜ TESLA needs to accommodate their Model “X and S early Adopters” with a 400 Mile Range Model X and S Cars, call these startup costs “an Investment for the Future of Tesla.” Many of the Model X and S cars are delivered on 36 month leases. When they come back at the lease maturity, the Next Tesla Owner or Lessee, may want a commuter Model X or S with modest Range, or the Next Owner, Lessee may want Max Range. Tesla cannot “hammer” the next owners with a $20,000 up-charge for 150 Miles of Range increase…

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla is lowering expectations on the Battery Range Issue, until they can deliver a Real 400 Driving Mile Range Battery. Tesla would have to release a 200 kWh Battery based on current motor technologies.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla’s Model X and Model S Cars Run on 7,104 individual LiON Cells. It’s hard to Believe that Tesla’s 5,200 pound Luxury Car runs on thousands of Flash-Light batteries, literally 7 thousand of them. The currently discussed increase in capacity of the “LiON Battery” to the 100 kWh Capacity, albeit involving thousands of LiOn cells, is accomplished by re-Engineering the individual Cell structure and composition of rare-earths (in Tesla’s new Gigafactory) rather than simply adding more Cells.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Cars โ€“ Recall most of the entire “floor-board” for the Model X and Model S Cars, is a Steel-Encased array of 7,104 individual LiON cells, arranged into 16-modules of LiON batteries, where each module contains 444 LiON cells, delivering 25vDC. Each module contains 6 Rows of 74 LiON batteries.

๐Ÿ”˜ Battery LiON Cells Count and the LiON Power Math, both relatively simple: The LiON battery Cell count for 16 Modules, each containing 444 LiON Cells: {16x(6×74)=7,104}. The Electric Math is simple too: 16 Modules delivering 25vDC each, equates to 400vDC: {16x25vDC=400vDC}. As to Power which equates Amps [times] Volts: 230 Amps at 400vDC delivers 92 kWh of Power. The Power Math: {230×400=92,000} Converting Watts of Power to kWh: {92,000 Watts-Hrs = 92 kWh}

๐Ÿ”˜ A 100 kWh Battery will earn the Model S an EPA Range of 320 Miles, up from 288 miles with the 90 kWh battery. Earlier in 2016, Tesla removed the 85 kWh battery option on new orders [as of mid-May] and streamlined its Model S battery options to 70 kWh and 90 kWh, similar to what’s available on the Model X.

๐Ÿ”˜ Think about this โ€“ imagine Buying a $95,000 luxury car with a 12.9 Gallon Gas tank โ€“ that’s a comparison to Tesla’s current Max Battery options today โ€“ it’s just NOT Enough Juice. Combine a 12.9 Gallon Gas Tank comparison with the lack of a suitable network of FAST CHARGER Stations, a true 400 mile range must be Tesla’s Target, a 125 kWh battery in my opinion.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla’s GigaFactory has created a new LiON Cell: 20mm in diameter by 70mm tall, their unique 20700 LiON Cell. This new technology is reported to deliver 33% greater power than its sister cell the 18650 LiON Cell (used in the 2015 Model S cars), at no additional material cost. Therefore, if TESLA substitutes the 7,104 LiON 18650 cells with 7,104 LiON 20700 cells, then the Model S and Model X would have a 125kWh battery delivering a 400 mile range…

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Model S Commuter Car. Those Model S drivers that desire a 200 Mile Range Car, fine, a 60kWh Battery is perfect for these drivers. My suggestion, build all Model S cars with a 100kWh battery (or a 125kWh battery) and “software-limit” its capacity to 60 kWh. After all, in three years or so, if the Next Model S Owner wants a longer range battery, the car already has a Longer-Range battery, which can be “software unlocked” from 60kWh.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla has a 100 kWh Battery “On the Bench” at their Nevada GigaFactory. A “technically inclined” member of the Tesla community, Jason Hughes, recently hacked into his [personally owned Model S] onboard [Car] computer software; Hughes uncovered a string of program-code referencing the “P100D” shield. Hughes asked [tweeted] @ElonMusk directly about the P100D reference, Musk did respond, however, without denying the P100D possibility.

๐Ÿ”˜ Range for the 100 kWh Battery โ€“ Let’s extrapolate for the 288 Mile range known for the 90 kWh Battery, results in 320 Mile Range for the 100 kWh battery. [(288รท90)x100=320] Extrapolating for a 125 kWh Battery whose range would be 400 Miles, [(288รท90)x125=400] Compare 400 Mile Electric Range to what you’d get with a Gas Tank [at 22 mpg], 125 kWh Battery is equivalent to a 18.2 Gallon Tank. BINGO, this is what we need., a LiON Battery that is equivalent to an 18.2 Gallon Gas Car’s Fuel Tank.

๐Ÿ”˜ 400 Mile Range with a 125 kWh Battery, is where Tesla LiON Battery Capacity really needs to be, IMHO. 400 Mile Range should be the “Standard” Battery-pack, with any Lower Range being the “lower price” option. [(288รท90)x125=400].

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Cars should have a 400 Mile rated Range, while the infrastructure of Tesla Chargers continues to expand. Plus it’s common knowledge that EPA ratings exclude operation of certain accessories like Air Conditioning. Turn on the A/C and Sound System, then the Model S Range drops by roughly 12%. Also Tesla recommends that users limit the filling of the battery routinely to “90%” to maximize battery-capacity-life. Therefor, even with an EPA rated 400 mile range, it’s effectively a 360 range, when using Accessories.

๐Ÿ”˜ GigaFactory, Reason #1 โ€“ Magic for Tesla’s Lithium Battery production. Tesla is pressing Hard to deliver hundreds of thousands of Cars per year in the near future. Currently Tesla’s 90 kWh Battery contains literally 7,104 rechargeable LiON Battery Cells [pictured at left], all lined up within 16 modules of 444 cells each.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla is Delivering 75,000 Cars per Year currently. This Year’s [2016] Production Level requires 533 Million LiON Battery Cells, capturing a significant portion of the entire World’s Supply-Line of Lithium Cells. As Tesla delivers more Cars, the demand for LiON Cells increases, if the Supply of LiON Cells remains stable, prices go Up. For Tesla to deliver their Cars at a reasonable Price, Tesla needs to Build both Cars and LiON Batteries.

๐Ÿ”˜ When Tesla Delivers 250,000 Cars late next year [2017 for example] this production level would require 1.77 Billion LiON Battery Cells, more than the entire World’s Supply-Line of Lithium Cells. This is precisely why Tesla built its own Battery Factory in Nevada. Why Nevada?

๐Ÿ”˜ Pure Energy Minerals Limited is under contract with Tesla Motors to mine the primary element continued in LiOn batteries, Lithium from local Nevada lithium mines, relatively close [200 mile circle] to the Factory. This is another reason for the location of their unique Battery Factory. Tesla has agreed to buy Lithium, actually 40,000 Tons of Lithium Hydroxide/Year, a byproduct of the mining process. Tesla chemists will then refine Lithium Hydroxide and purify the Lithium for use in LiON battery chemistry.

๐Ÿ”˜ GigaFactory Reason #2 โ€“ Tesla will Customize the Industry Standard 18650 Lithium Cell. Teslaโ€“Panasonic venture will “tweaked” the (A) 18650 LiON Cell, by making it 2mm larger in Diameter and 5mm taller, creating the new 20700 Cell and (B) tweaking the Anode, Cathode, and Chemistry of the Cell.

๐Ÿ”˜ Lithium Battery Development is a very Big Deal as we’re talking about several BILLION batteries Annually. The resultant increase in the Cell size [10%] will deliver 133% More Power without increasing cost due to up-scaling production. This is how Tesla gets to a 125 kWh Battery with the similar cost as the 90 kWh battery. The other benefit Tesla can deliver a 220 mile range battery [60 kWh] for the Model 3, at a significantly lower cost, relatively speaking.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla 120 kWh Battery is on the way, it’s a matter of when. This will Drive the Model S and X to a 400 mile range, the ideal comfort-range, particularly with everyone being “afraid of running out of juice.”

๐Ÿ”˜ Around Town, not many folks have issues with the 90 kWh Battery or the new 100 kWh capacity Battery, assuming they have home-garage chargers. However, if you are traveling 200 miles out of town, Current Tesla Capacities are NOT sufficient for COMFORT. When one spends $100k for a very attractive Car, a beautiful package of engineering…

๐Ÿ”˜ Worrying about your Model X Running out of Juice, is not where we want to be. We believe Elon Musk gets it, on this point.

๐Ÿ”˜ EPA determined Tesla Model S 90D Electric Car earned a Milage Rating: 101eMPG City : 107eMPG Highway, 103 eMPG overall. These figures are amazing for a 5,000+ pound luxury electric Car. eMPG is the petroleum-fuel-equivalency, for rating Electric Powered Cars. The 3 TESLA’s Electric Propulsion Cars, the Model-S, Model-X, and the new Model-3, Cost Lower than 3ยฝยข per Mile Driven for all Tesla Electric Cars [EPA Chart below].

Donation Link โ€“ In preparation of these articles, hours of research, image editing and the graphics used to amplify your reading. Tender Donation, use LINK Below

PayPal’s Donations Page
https://goo.gl/A9Qneb

๐Ÿ”‹ Fuel Cost for TESLA’s Electric Propulsion Cars. Today’s Cost of Electricity averages 9.338ยข per Kilowatt Hour, in Florida. The Cost to operate TESLA’s Electric Cars at the current electric Utility charge of 9.338ยข/kWh is on average $725 for 15,000 miles driven (see EPA chart below)

๐Ÿ›ข Electricity Cost of 9.338ยข/kWh equals 3ยฝยข/mile driven for Tesla Model S, Model X and Model 3 Electric Cars (with No exhaust fumes containing COโ‚‚ & CO, plus No Noxious Gasses, No Soot discharged into our atmosphere).

๐Ÿ›ข Fuel Cost for Gasoline Powered Cars with 300hp Engines consumes on average 22MPG, miles per gallon. Therefor, for each 15,000 miles driven, 625 Gallons of gasoline are consumed (with Exhaust Fumes containing COโ‚‚ and CO, Noxious Gasses and Soot, that are discharged into the atmosphere).

๐Ÿ›ข Current Gas Prices are a Low of $2.25/Gallon, then the Cost to drive 15,000 miles is $1,406 or 9.35ยข per Mile Driven with Gasoline Engine Powered Cars.

๐Ÿ›ข Several Years ago Gasoline prices were over $4.25 per Gallon; We may likely experience similar increased Gasoline prices again in a few years. Therefor, for the same 15,000 miles driven, and the same 625 Gallons of Gas purchased (for 22mpg Cars) the Gasoline Cost would increase to $2,656 (at $4.25/Gallon of Gasoline).

๐Ÿ›ข $4.25/Gallon Gas equates to 17.75ยข per Mile Driven. Notice the examples for the Cost of Gasoline followed by the Cost of Electricity and their respective Driving Costs/Mile. Values for Gas cost/mile 10.40ยข/mile for Electric Car cost/mile 3.34ยข/mile [as of May, 2016].

Gasoline Powered Cars: 24mpg Engines: Cost for Mile Driven

๐Ÿ›ข $2.00 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 8.30ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $2.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 9.35ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $2.50 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 10.40ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $2.75 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 11.45ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $3.00 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 12.50ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $3.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 13.55ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $3.50 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 14.60ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $3.75 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 15.65ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $4.00 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 16.70ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $4.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 17.75ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $4.50 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 18.80ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $4.75 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 19.85ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $5.00 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 20.90ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $5.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 21.95ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $5.50 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 23.00ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $5.75 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 24.05ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $6.00 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 24.10ยข / Mile Driven


https://www.fpl.com/rates/pdf/residential-explanation.pdf

TESLA Electric Cars: 90 kWh LiON Battery: Cost / Mile Driven

๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 09ยข / kWh: 3.35ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 9.3ยข / kWh: 3.48ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 10ยข / kWh: 3.72ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 11ยข / kWh: 4.09ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 12ยข / kWh: 4.46ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 13ยข / kWh: 4.83ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 14ยข / kWh: 5.20ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 15ยข / kWh: 5.58ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 16ยข / kWh: 5.95ยข / Mile Driven

๐Ÿ›ข Gasoline price fluctuations, do not directly relate to the current 12ยข/kWh Electrical Power Costs to the Public, according to the EPA. A significant portion of Nation’s Electrical Power Generation is fueled by four main sources other than the thousands of Petroleum (Oil or Diesel) Fueled Power Plants, plus a number of Geo Thermal, Wind and Solar Powered Plants, according to current EPA statistics:

(A) 99 Nuclear Power Reactors in 30 States
(B) 557 Coal Powered Electric Power Plants
(C) 7,304 Natural Gas Powered Electric Plants, plus
(D) 2,540 HydroElectric Powered Dams in the USA.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Model S History and Now โ€“ Tesla Model S was styled by Franz von Holzhausen, who previously worked for Mazda North American Operations. The car was codenamed WhiteStar during research and preliminary development. The Model S was announced in a press release on June 30, 2008. The prototype vehicle was displayed at a press conference on March 26, 2009, pictured above.

๐Ÿ”˜ In February 2008 Tesla Motors was planning to offer a range-extended version of its Model S. This version would have included a gasoline engine to extend the driving range of the vehicle; but it was promptly removed in a later revision. At the GoingGreen conference in September 2008 Tesla’s CEO, Elon Musk, announced that Tesla was developing only all-electric cars.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla manufactures the Model S at its 5ยฝ Million square foot Tesla Factory in Fremont, California. For the European market, Tesla assembles and distributes from its European Distribution Center in Tilburg, the Netherlands. Cars are built and tested in Fremont, California. The battery pack, the electric motor and parts are disassembled and shipped separately to Tilburg, where the cars are reassembled, a 203,000 sq ft industrial building that also serves as a workshop and spare parts warehouse. Tesla expects the Model S to “pay back” the energy that went into producing the car in fewer than 10,000 miles.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Model S is a full-sized all-electric five-door, luxury liftback, produced by Tesla Motors, and introduced in June 2012. Tesla’s Model S scored a perfect 5.0 NHTSA automobile safety rating. (http://goo.gl/TJ7jbV) The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) official range for the 2012 Model S Performance model equipped with an 85 kWh battery pack is 265 miles, higher than any other electric car at the time. EPA rates its energy consumption at 38 kWh/100 mi for a combined fuel economy of 104 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Model S became the first electric car to top the monthly new car sales ranking in any country, twice leading in Norway, in September and again in December 2013, and also in Denmark in December 2015. Global Model S sales passed the 100,000 Model S sales Milestone in December 2015.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Model S ranked as the world’s best selling plug-in electric vehicle in 2015, up from second best in 2014. The Model S also ranked as the top selling plug-in electric car in the U.S. in 2015. As of December 2015, the leading markets are the United States with a 60% share of global sales and Norway with 9.4%. Other leading country markets are China, the Netherlands, Canada, Denmark, Germany, and Switzerland. As of December 2015, the Model S ranks as the world’s second best selling plug-in car in history after the Nissan Leaf.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Tesla Model S won awards including the 2013 World Green Car of the Year, 2013 Motor Trend Car of the Year, Automobile magazine’s 2013 Car of the Year, Time Magazine Best 25 Inventions of the Year 2012 award and Consumer Reports’ top-scoring car ever. In 2015, Car and Driver named the Model S the Car of the Century.

๐Ÿ”˜ In 2016 Tesla has completely updated design of Model S. Model S nose now looks more like the Model 3. Also, 60 and 85 versions are now discontinued. Only 70, 70D and 90D versions are available. In May 2016, the 75 and 75D versions became available. Facelifted 70 and 70D Model S owners have the option to ‘unlock’ the 75 kWh capacity, adding up to 19 miles per charge.

๐Ÿ”˜ ๐Ÿš˜ AutoPilot Trained with 50 Million Miles of Driving Experience ๐Ÿ”˜ Co-PILOT for Tesla DRIVERS ๐Ÿ”˜ Autonomous Driving Soon ๐Ÿš˜ UPDATE 3 ๐Ÿš˜ ๐Ÿš˜ ๐Ÿš˜

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla AutoPilot is NOW the Co-Pilot for all Tesla Drivers โ€“ AutoPilot having over 50 Million Miles of “Driving Experience under its Belt.” AutoPilot serves all Tesla Drivers as their Personal Driving Assistant, like a Co-Pilot. As excellent as it is, AutoPilot is still in its initial Beta form into 2017.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Future of the Personal Driving Experience is True Autonomous Driving, which may come sooner than many expect. My guess, Tesla would like AutoPilot to be released from Beta concurrent with Model 3 emerging from the Production Line Q4.2017

๐Ÿ”˜ Think of Tesla Model S and Model X AutoPilot feature, as being similar to the Autopilot in a Commercial Airliner. In world of Aviation, the Pilot manually Backs-out the Airplane from the Gate or Hanger, Taxies onto the Runway, performs the Take-Off [a High-Skills portion of the Flight], the Captain continues to “Pilot” the Airplane with Hands-on-the-Wheel at all times, until the flight is “stabilized” into the Flight-Plan’s route. Once the flight has completed the Take-Off routine and is on its flight-plan [the FAA’s “highway lane” in the sky] the Pilot engages the [aircraft version] of Autopilot to handle the “tedious” portion of the Flight, maintaining altitude, course, and tracking all the “vital signs” of the aircraft, it’s engines, fuel levels, temperatures, cabin pressure and temp… Tesla is apparently styling their AutoPilot System similarly.

๐Ÿ”˜ Predictions: Elon Musk is totally “Driven to deliver true Autonomous Tesla Cars,” and to deliver attractive, affordable, high performance, electric Cars for the Mass Market. Tesla, having received over 400,000 Model 3 Reservations with $1,000 deposits, (represents $400 million in cash deposits) Tesla’s affordable $35,000 Car will begin emerging from its Fremont, California Production Line in late 2017; so it seems that Tesla’s desire for “mass market” appeal is a reality. Elon Musk says, when it begins to contact the first portion of the reservation-list, customers will be directed to Tesla’s Design Center. As the Model 3 is not ready yet, this is the Design Center link for the Model S: https://goo.gl/GKAIoa

๐Ÿ”˜ Model 3 Buyer Options โ€“ Musk estimates that Buyers of the Model 3 will likely add several options, for roughly $8000. Here a few of the Options that may be available for the Model 3: Long Range Battery, All Wheel Drive, AutoPilot, Smart Air-Suspension, Ultra High-fidelity Sound package, to name a few. This is a link to the Design Center for the Model S, as the Model 3 Design and Options tool is will not be ready until mid-2017: https://goo.gl/GKAIoa

๐Ÿ”˜ Model 3 Update โ€“ Recent reports from Tesla Motors indicate that by early July, 2016, all the remaining “Model 3 engineering decisions will be made,” finalizing the Model 3 production design. This Milestone sets into motion the fabrication of 8000 unique parts in the supply-line, to assemble the New Model 3.

๐Ÿ”˜ Next, is Autonomous Driving, to accomplish [selectable] autonomous driving, Tesla is collecting massive levels of Driving-Data, for Two primary purposes
(1) Prove Safety Statistically, with Tesla’s AutoPiloting Systems engaged, incident-free, safe-driving is significantly improved, as compared to unassisted Human Driving
(2) Train the AutoPilot to further Improve its Prediction Accuracy
(โ€ขโ€ข) With 50 million mile data-set has been Assimilated [a 6 month driving sample] the Frequency of Accidents is 50% Lower with AutoPilot engaged, as compared to Drivers not engaging AutoPilot, according to Elon Musk.

๐Ÿ”˜ Decreasing Driving-Incidents by 50% using AutoPilot that’s still in Beta form is astounding. The Insurance industry is taking notice. Combine these factors with Tesla’s assembly of
(A) Best software engineers
(B) Best mechanical engineers
(C) Tesla’s 50% increase in the size of its Fleet of Cars on the Roads, delivering Driving-Data back to Tesla’s MainFrame Computers
(D) Tesla’s collection and assimilation of the Next 50 million mile Data-Set, will occur exponentially faster
(โ€ขโ€ข) Accordingly, Tesla hopefully will release its Software Iterations more rapidly [current version is 7.1] incorporating exciting new features, improved reliability, performing more tasks semi-Autonomously.

๐Ÿ”˜ So the Cycle of Teaching AutoPilot continues, as Tesla DRIVERS Teach their AutoPilots, how to Drive Better and Better. See, it’s Tesla Driver Intervention with AutoPilot’s errant predictions, that teaches the AutoPilot; Tesla engineers assimilate these occurrences, then the entire Fleet of Tesla Cars are updated with the “Lessons Learned.” This is the nature of Computer-Machine Learning.

๐Ÿ”˜ Model S and Model X AutoPilot Software is designed to actually “Learn to Drive Better.” Over 100,000 Tesla Drivers are actually training the AutoPilot system every Day, so the Software becomes better over time. Next year there will be over 200,000 Tesla Drivers training the AutoPilot. The latest software update 7.1 allows Model S and Model X Cars to use its unique array of cameras, radar, ultrasonic sensors, GPS and an increasing Data-Base of Driving-Data, to automatically steer down the highway, change lanes, recognize cars around it, adjust speed, and maneuver in response to traffic conditions.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Drivers are Teaching their “Cars to Drive Better,” literally. Tesla’s 1Q/16 Car Software update 7.1, has increased the Driverโ€™s confidence behind the wheel with features to help the Car avoid hazards and reduce the driverโ€™s workload when driving on Tedious, Boring, Stop-and-Go portions of a Commute or Road-Trip. While Model S or X canโ€™t make traffic disappear, AutoPilot can make Driving a whole lot easier, safer, less tedious, and more pleasant to endure. Once youโ€™ve arrived at your destination, Model S & X scans for a parking space and parallel parks on your command. https://goo.gl/0EeVt1

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoPilot features a Dynamic real-time Instrument cluster with a Driver-Focused design showing current information the Car is utilizing to “intelligently” determine the vehicle’s behavior in the moment relative to its surrounding traffic conditions. The instrument panel provides a real-time computer-drawn “moving visuals” of the road, bending left, straightening, bending right, etc., the driving Lanes detected by the Carโ€™s 360ยบ array of sensors. AutoPilot is delivering to the Driver the same information that the Car’s Computer is utilizing to execute center-of-the-Lane Stability, Lane Departure, Blind-Spot Detection, Speed Assist, Auto-Collision Maneuvering, Following distances, graphical Collision Warnings, Adaptive Cruise, and AutoSteer. https://goo.gl/UrMIQC

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoSteer (presently in Beta form) maintains the Car Centered in the Current Lane, and engages Traffic-Aware Cruise Control to maintain the Carโ€™s Speed. Using a variety of measures including Steering Angle, Steering Rate, and Speed to determine the appropriate operation; AutoSteer assists the Driver, making the driving experience easier.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla’s AutoPilot requires Drivers to remain Engaged and Aware when Autosteer is enabled. Drivers must keep their Hands on the Steering Wheel, as there are Tactile Sensors imbedded in the the Steering Wheel, verifying the Driver’s “Hands on the Wheel.”

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoPilot issues an Alarm and Disengages if the System doesn’t recognize the Driver’s hands on the steering wheel, AutoPilot will Display a Warning message, deliver a Chime, and auto-disengage AutoPilot. Since AutoSteer software is in “beta form” Tesla does not want their Drivers to “overly rely” on the AutoPilot’s traffic and road Predictions. As AutoPilot becomes “smarter” [perhaps with another 100 million miles of machine training] the Full-Time Hands-On-The-Wheel requirement may be relaxed [my guess]. https://goo.gl/o7Zspe

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Software release 7.1 expands AutoPilot functionality and introduces the 1st Iteration of the Summon feature. Using Summon… once you arrive home and you exit Model S or Model X, you may Stop your car at the Front Door, everyone exits the Car, and the Driver Prompts the Car to do the rest autonomously, namely
(A) The Car Opens Garage door
(B) The Car Drives into Garage
(C) The Car Parks itself
(D) The Car Closes Garage Door
(E) The Car Shuts itself down
(F) The Car Locks all 4 Doors
(โ€ขโ€ข) Imagine the convenience of Summoning your Car to your precise location, when it’s Raining, as it drives itself to the Front Door of the Restaurant, under the Portico awaiting you and your guests entry into the Car. https://goo.gl/EL9Nqo

๐Ÿ”˜ Using Summon again โ€“ In the morning, you wake up, get dressed, make coffee, Summon your Tesla with your iPhone App, Get your Cup of Coffee, Walk out the front door, and your car is at your Front Door waiting for you to Board the Car. The Car’s System will Open your Garage door, back-out of the Garage, Close the Garage Door, and Summon then drives itself to your location, ready for your Drive. More broadly, Summon eliminates the burden of having to squeeze in and out of tight parking spots. During the current 1st Beta stage of Summon, Tesla would prefer customers to become familiar with “Summon” only on private property.

๐Ÿ”˜ “Autonomous Self-Valet-Parking” the Next Step for Summon feature. How nice, no more giving your keys to Strangers, as they celebrate “Joy-Riding in your very special car,” while you’re Dining. The Tesla Car will locate a viable Parking Spot and park itself, then lock itself, then turn itself OFF. When you are finished, Exit the Restaurant Summon your Car to your precise position. Tesla version 7.1 is in “beta” and cannot “Self Valet” yet…

๐Ÿ”˜ According to Tesla, your Car will eventually be able to drive anywhere around the Corner, the City, the County, or perhaps further, to meet you, even self-charging along the way. Your Tesla Car will be able to Sync with your Calendar so your Car knows exactly where & when to arrive at your Home, Office, Country Club, or Hotel…

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Computer Software v7.1 release is the Next Step towards Tesla’s Goal of developing fully Autonomous Driving capabilities with delivery through over-the-air software updates, keeping Tesla customers at the forefron of driving technology.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla’s Auto-Steering is a strategically Important Component of AutoPilot’s capability, utilizing a 360ยบ Array of Sensors, and WiFi and 3G connectivity at all times
(A) Forward Facing Radar
(B) twelve Long-Range 360ยบ Ultra-Sonic Sonar Sensors
(C) High Definition Front-Facing Stereo Digital Camera
(D) High-Resolution GPS
(E) Tesla’s Ultra-High Definition Mapping, coupled
(F) Precision Electro-Mechanical Servo-Controled Steering, Breaking, Speed-Control Systems. https://goo.gl/Ob7PYe

๐Ÿš˜ Let’s take a Pause and have some FUN โ€“ Congratulations, as you’ve read our article to this point. Now it’s time to take a brief break before moving to the next chapter. Check out this YouTube Video of Tesla’s Model S “Test” Driving with “Insane” Mode engaged: https://youtu.be/vFwxlCp_wpU

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoPilot Serves as the Driver’s Co-Pilot rendering Tesla Cars to Drive Safer. AutoPilot is Capable of
(1) Interpreting Stop Signs, Road Signs, and Speed Limit Signs using Optical and Object Character Recognition
(2) “Visualizing” Cars and Objects surrounding the Car
(3) Recognition and Compliance with Traffic Signals
(4) Identification of Road Lanes
(5) Auto-Lane Changing
(6) Auto-Steering, Centers the Car’s path within Lanes
(7) Maintains your SET Speed
(8) Maintains a Safe [selectable 1 to 7 Car lengths] Following Distance
(9) Car’s Sensor Array “Scans a full 360ยบ Perimeter” around the Car in Real-Time for Collision Avoidance and Blind-Spot Maneuvering… The Frontiers for AutoPiloting of Tesla Cars. https://goo.gl/Ob7PYe

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Cars with AutoPilot Software Installed and activated, AutoPilot’s features help to relieve Drivers from the most tedious and potentially dangerous aspects of road travel. Tesla combines a
(A) High-resolution Forward facing Camera
(B) RADAR
(C) Array of 12 Long-range Sonar Sensors
(D) GPS telemetry
(D) Ultra-high Definition Mapping [100-times more precise than typical GPS mapping], combined with electro-mechanical assists for braking and steering system to “automatically drive” your Model S on an Open Road and in dense Stop-and-Go Traffic.

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoPilot hardware is now built into all Model S, X, and Model 3 Cars, whether or not you purchase the AutoPilot software Option. AutoPilot system is activated with the installation of the AutoPilot software tech-package into Tesla’s Car Computer system [ $2500 option] when configured at the time of Car Purchase, [$3000 if AutoPilot is installed after the purchase].

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla’s AutoPilot feature currently gives the Car partial-Autonomy, and when the AutoPilot Software is activated the “system” is 50% safer than Human Drivers, according to 50 million miles of Driving-Data assembled by Tesla’s Chief Executive Elon Musk’s software engineers. The probability of having an accident is 50% lower if you have Autopilot Engaged… said Musk, speaking at an energy conference in Oslo, Norway. Even with the current initial beta-versions, AutoPilot is about twice the Safety Record as compared to a Driver without AutoPilot assistance.

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoPilot Warning: “Keep your Hands on the Wheel”. AutoPilot is currently in “beta form” and Tesla’s dashboard Warning Message states “Keep your hands on the steering wheel at all times, and be ready to take Control of the Car.” The AutoPilot system is continuously LEARNING. The “System Learns” when a Driver Corrects the Path of the Car, when necessary. All the corrective actions taken by the Driver are assembled with the digital data from Tesla’s onboard Computer, GPS, Radar, Sensors, and Camera, and Transmitted to Tesla’s Mother Ship for analysis and potential integration into the next AutoPilot update version.

๐Ÿ”˜ 50 Million Miles of Driving Data has been Collected in 6 Months. This Data is “Training the AutoPilot” as it formulates improved Driving Algorithms for the Software. Tesla’s entire Fleet of Cars with AutoPilot engaged, are collecting Driving-Data, the actions of the Driver, as compared to the actions the AutoPilot predicted. If differences occur, where the Driver took over control of the AutoPilot, this is a potential “Training Event” that is transmitted to “Tesla’s Mother Ship” for assessment and assimilation. As improved Driving Algorithms are developed, Software updates are delivered by the Cell System back to the entire Fleet of Tesla Cars. Tesla’s “Learning Machine” is a continuous Cycle of data Collection, Assimilation, Assessment, Integration, Update the Fleet, with a continuous streaming of Millions of Miles of Precision Driving.

๐Ÿ”˜ Drawing on Early Data from Tesla’s cars, Musk said that the average number of Miles Driven by a Car Between Accidents was almost doubled when Autopilot was engaged. These results are from Tesla’s first generation of Autopilot, which owners have been using. Tesla drivers using AutoPilot, have driven over 50 Million Miles since AutoPilot was launched October, 2015.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla AutoPilot software obtains data from HD Video Cameras, Radar, a 360ยบ Array of 12 Long Range Ultrasonic Sensors to perform basic functions, including steering on a Highways, Lane Changing, adjusting Speed in response to varying traffic conditions, or simply parking the Car. AutoPilot technology (the hardware component of the AutoPilot) is pre-built into every recent Model of the company’s Cars, from July, 2015 and all 2016 Cars. The Software package is designed to “Continuously Learn how to Drive Better” and therefor AutoPilot will continue improve with time.

๐Ÿ”˜ Musk expects the 2nd Version of AutoPilot, a Fully Autonomous AutoPilot version of its Driving Software will be Significantly Safer than the current AutoPilot technology. Less than 2 years away from being released, the 2nd Generation of Tesla’s Autopilot will require regulatory approval; Tesla must Demonstrate to the DOT that AutoPilot is (A) relatively Simple for average Drivers to implement, and (B) is “Definitively” Safer as compared to all Human Drivers, not having engaged AutoPilot.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Insurance Industry is Extremely Interested in the continued Success of Tesla’s AutoPilot. AutoPilot improves the Driver’s experience
(1) Driving Safety, averts boredom and tedium
(2) Collision Avoidance, with 360ยบ sensor Array
(3) Decrease the number of driving accidents
(4) Decreasing the Degree of personal injury
(5) Decrease property damages
(*) The day may come, when motor vehicles may be required to have a minimum level of hardware-sensors with AutoPiloting assistance for Drivers. It seems that Tesla is setting the Standards for AutoPiloting driver-assistance.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla is Collecting a Huge DataBase of high-resolution Driving-Data to demonstrate “that the Safety Level is significantly Improved, by a meaningful margin, when AutoPilot Autonomous Mode is Engaged, versus AutoPilot with Autonomous mode turned off.”

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoPilot enabled Tesla Cars are Safer than Human Drivers… or is this a high-tech Marketing Gimmick? A video surfaced in early April, 2016 that showed a Tesla Model S Autopilot prevented a Highway Collision with a Utility Truck (positioned in the Driver’s “Blind Spot”) that cut sharply in front of the Model S. The Model S was riding on a highway in the Right Lane; a White Utility Truck aggressively moved from the Center-Lane to Right-Lane (as the Tesla Car was positioned in the Truck’s “Blind Spot”); This Event, both vehicles becoming dangerously Close, was detected by AutoPilot’s perimeter Sensor Array, and caused the Model S to instantly “Auto-Steer” the Tesla Car enough distance to the Right, combined with “Auto-Speed” control, to avoid the Truck’s contact with the Tesla Car.

๐Ÿ”˜ The iPhone Video of the above potential “Event” shows the Model S collision avoidance system “sensed” a vehicle moving to an unsafe distance, and triggered a corrective action by its Auto-Steering to the Right, to avoid the Utility Truck, as it pulled out in front of the Model S. Coincidentally, the Model S occupant was cell-phone video-recording their new Model S on the Highway having engaged the AutoPilot, and shortly thereafter, the Truck near-collision incident occurred. Video Clip: https://goo.gl/OLQAJI

๐Ÿ”˜ How Does Tesla’s AutoPilot Work โ€“ Model S AutoPilot’s system is Continuously Learning and Improving, due to the procedure of (A) Machine Learning computer algorithms, (B) the carโ€™s wireless [cellular] real-time, always-on connection, (C) ultra-high-resolution mapping (D) sensor-array data that each Tesla Car collects, (D) Driver Data and AutoPilot’s Predictions are Transmitted to “Tesla’s Mother Ship” for Processing and Assimilation into the next version of AutoPilot. Within the recent 6 months, more than 50 Million Miles of Driving Data has been processed by Tesla for improvements to its AutoPilot software system.

๐Ÿ”˜ Machine Learning Algorithms, the latest in sophisticated computer technology, where computers Assimilate super-large Data-sets, Analysis of massive levels of Data, Elimination of Spurious Data, Create improved Precision Algorithms, then implement the Algorithms, making for Improved Precision high-confidence Predictions.

๐Ÿ”˜ Computers delivering Precision high-confidence Predictions is the essence of Machine Learning, resulting in computer-speed “Micro-Second Reaction Time” form of highly specialized artificial intelligence. With Human intelligence, improved performance, is accomplished with Education, Training, Practice. With Computers, Learning occurs with Millions of Cycles of Assimilating massive Data Sets into Precision Algorithms, Elimination of the spurious Data, delivering super-high-confidence Predictions;then rewrite Precision Algorithms, Distribute back to the Fleet of Cars, in the case of AutoPilot. And these Cycles are repeated creating even more precision-high-Confidance Predictions.

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoPilot Machine Learning is the method that Tesla Car Computers can become artificially intelligent, as the AutoPilot technology is a form of AI. โ€œThe entire Tesla fleet of Cars operates as a large network of “Tesla Car Computers” collecting very-high-resolution digital data. When one Tesla Car learns something, the entire Fleet learn it. “This is far beyond what other car companies are doingโ€ says Elon Musk.

๐Ÿ”˜ When it comes to the AutoPilot software, Musk explained that each driver using the AutoPilot System essentially becomes an “Expert Trainer” for how the AutoPilot should work. To create a self-driving car, Tesla’s AutoPilot, has logged and transmitted back to Tesla Mainframes, over 50 million miles of driving Videos and Data into Tesla’s Computer Data Model, which creates a Massive digital vocabulary about driving events. The resultant algorithms use “visual” techniques to Assimilate the video-data to understand traffic and driver events. The Goal for AutoPilot, when something unexpected happens โ€” a ball rolls into the street โ€” AutoPilot can recognize the specific pattern, and will react accordingly (because a child may also be running into the street after the ball, as an example).

๐Ÿ”˜ The Data from Tesla Drivers is enabled by the hardware systems that Tesla has configured. All Tesla Cars built from mid-2015 through 2016, have (A) 12 ultrasonic sensors located on the lower circumference of the vehicle, (B) a front-facing digital camera mounted above the rear-view mirror, (C) a Radar System center-mounted below the front-nosecone. These three sensing systems are constantly collecting high-resolution Data to help the AutoPilot work on the roads, but this System also amasses Data that will make Tesla AutoPilot systems Learn, and operate with more precision in the future.

๐Ÿ”˜ Because each of Teslaโ€™s Cars have an always-on wireless Cellular connection to “Tesla’s Mother Ship,” data from driving and using AutoPilot is collected and uploaded into the Tesla Cloud, and analyzed with sophisticated software algorithms. With AutoPilot, Tesla assimilates the data from Tesla Cars using the its Automated Steering and Lane Change Systems, uses this Data to train its AutoPilot algorithms. Tesla then assembles these algorithms, tests them, and incorporates the new Driving Algorithms into upcoming software downloads to the entire fleet of Tesla Cars’ onboard Computers.

๐Ÿ”˜ Currently Tesla has downloading Version 7.1 software. This download is multi-hour events that occurs between 2am and 4am, or as Drivers schedule. Elon Musk said that Tesla is collecting much more detailed high-precision mapping data for its automated steering and lane change applications as compared to what is available through the standard navigation technology. To meet its needs, Tesla has started to build its own Ultra-high-precision Mapping Data that is 100-Times the level of granularity, compared to standard commercially available navigation systems, using [mostly] data from Tesla Cars driving on roads and data from Tesla engineers driving research cars.

๐Ÿ”˜ AUTOSTEER & AUTO LANE CHANGE โ€“ Autopilot displays a “Steering Wheel Icon located next to the speed display in the instrument cluster will appear Grey. Pull the Cruise Control lever towards you Once to engage the Traffic-Aware Cruise Control, and pull it Twice to activate AutoSteer. The steering wheel icon will now turn from Gray to Blue. AutoSteer keeps the vehicle in the current lane [the driving Lanes are illuminated with Blue Lines] and maintains the vehicleโ€™s speed. However, you must still keep your hands on the steering wheel so you are prepared to take control of the vehicle at any moment during changing road and traffic conditions.

๐Ÿ”˜ When AutoSteer is activated, you can change lanes by engaging the turn signal, and your Model S will move itself to the adjacent lane, only when itโ€™s safe to do so. AutoPilot’s 360ยบ perimeter sonar sensors detect when it’s clear for a Lane Change.

๐Ÿ”˜ AUTOPARK โ€“ When traveling below 15mph, a Grey “P” will appear on the instrument cluster when your Model S detects a parking spot next to you. Put the vehicle into reverse and โ€œAutoPark Readyโ€ will appear on the touchscreen. Once activated, your Model S will begin to park itself by controlling steering and vehicle speed.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Model S Driver Joshua Brown said “It was a mistake on the Truck driver’s part. He did not look or know I was next to him, until I honked my horn” Joshua Brown, recently uploaded the video to YouTube: https://goo.gl/OLQAJI

Model S demonstration of Acceleration and AutoPilot: https://goo.gl/1J05X8. Elon Musk demonstrating Dual Motor Acceleration and AutoPilot: https://goo.gl/lyNmCU. Demonstration of AutoPilot software version 7: https://goo.gl/NvLFmk and https://goo.gl/uh95ry

๐Ÿ”˜ Model S Equipped with Driver Assistance components and Autopilot Tech Package, the Forward looking Camera and the Radar sensor are designed to determine when there is a vehicle in front of you in the same lane. If the area in front of Model S is clear, Traffic-Aware Cruise Control maintains a SET driving speed. When a vehicle is detected, Traffic-Aware Cruise Control is designed to slow down Model S as needed to maintain a selected distance from the vehicle in front, up to the set speed. Traffic-Aware Cruise Control does not eliminate the need to watch the road in front of you and to apply the brakes when needed. Traffic-Aware Cruise Control is primarily intended for driving on dry, relatively straight roads, such as highways and freeways. It should not be used on city streets.

๐Ÿ”˜ Traffic-Aware Cruise Control is designed for Driving Comfort and Convenience, and is not currently “promoting” AutoPilot as a Collision Warning or Avoidance System [although there are numerous YouTube examples of Collision Avoidance by AutoPilot]. Since Auto-Steering” is currently in “Beta form” It is the Driver’s responsibility to stay alert, drive safely, and be in control of the vehicle at all times. Never depend on Traffic-Aware Cruise Control to adequately slow down Model S. Always watch the road in front of you and be prepared to take corrective action at all times. Failure to do so can result in serious injury or death. The instrument panel displays a gray speedometer icon on the left side of the driving speed to indicate that Traffic-Aware Cruise Control is available but the cruising speed has not been set. Unless a vehicle is detected ahead of you, you must be driving at least 18 mph to use Traffic-Aware Cruise Control. If a vehicle is detected ahead of you, you can use Traffic-Aware Cruise Control at any speed, even when stationary. When driving at your desired speed, set the cruising speed by moving the cruise-control lever up or down (or pulling it briefly toward you), then releasing.

๐Ÿ”˜ The speedometer icon on the instrument panel turns blue and displays the set speed to indicate that Traffic-Aware Cruise Control is actively maintaining the set speed. The Driver may now release-pressure from the accelerator pedal and allow Traffic-Aware Cruise Control to maintain your set speed. When no vehicle is detected ahead, Traffic-Aware Cruise Control maintains the set speed. If a vehicle is detected, Traffic-Aware Cruise Control maintains your chosen following distance, [user-selectable from 1 to 7 Car lengths] up to the set speed, accelerating and decelerating Model S as needed. When the vehicle you are following is no longer detected, Traffic-Aware Cruise Control accelerates to the set speed. Traffic-Aware Cruise Control also adjusts the speed as appropriate when entering and exiting curves.

๐Ÿ”˜ Adjust your following distance โ€“ To adjust the distance you want to maintain between Model S and a vehicle traveling ahead of you, rotate the cruise control lever to choose a setting from 1 (the closest following distance) to 7 (the longest following distance). Each setting corresponds to a time-based distance that represents how long it takes for Model S, from its current location, to reach the location of the rear bumper of the vehicle ahead. Cruising at the Speed Limit โ€“ Traffic-Aware Cruise Control makes it easy to cruise at the speed limit. Once you’ve initially set a cruising speed, you can adjust the speed to cruise at the speed limit that is currently being determined by Speed Assist. To do so, pull the cruise control lever toward you and hold momentarily (about half a second). When you release, your cruising speed is set to the speed that is automatically or manually being determined by Speed Assist, taking into consideration any setting you have specified. If you are already driving faster than the speed limit when you pull and momentarily hold the lever, the set speed does not adjust to the speed limit, it adjusts to your current driving speed.

๐Ÿ”˜ To increase/decrease speed by 1 mph, move the lever up or down to the first position and release. To increase/decrease speed to the closest 5 mph increment, move the lever up/down to the second position and release. For example, if you are traveling at 57 mph and you move the lever up to the second position and release, the speed increases to 60 mph. You can also increase/decrease speed by holding the lever in the full up/down position and releasing when the desired speed displays below the cruise control icon. To cruise at the speed limit that is currently being determined by Speed Assist (including any o sets that you have set), pull the cruise control lever toward you and hold momentarily (about half a second). It may take a few seconds for Model S to reach the new cruising speed. The Maximum Set Speed is 90 mph.

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoSteer is a BETA feature in Release 7.1. Model S is equipped with Driver Assistance components and the optional Autopilot Tech Package; you can use Autosteer to manage steering and speed under certain circumstances. Autosteer builds upon Traffic-Aware Cruise Control, intelligently keeping Model S in its driving lane when cruising at a set speed. Using the forward looking camera, the radar sensor, and the ultrasonic sensors, Autosteer detects lane markings and the presence of vehicles and objects, steering Model S based on the lane markings and the vehicle directly in front of you.

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoSteer is a hands-on feature. You must keep your hands on the steering wheel at all times. Autosteer is intended for use only on highways and limited-access roads with a fully attentive driver. When using Autosteer, hold the steering wheel and be mindful of road conditions and surrounding traiffc. Do not use Autosteer on city streets or in areas where bicyclists or pedestrians may be present. Never depend on Autosteer to determine an appropriate driving path. Always be prepared to take immediate action. Failure to follow these instructions could cause serious property damage, injury or death.

๐Ÿ”˜ Enable AutoSteer โ€“ the Driver must enable it by touching Controls > Settings > Driver Assistance > Autosteer > Enable. To indicate that Autosteer is available (but not actively steering Model S), the instrument panel displays a gray Autosteer icon on the right side of the driving speed as shown here.

๐Ÿ”˜ To initiate Autosteer, pull the cruise control lever toward you twice in quick succession. Autosteer briefly displays a message on the instrument panel reminding you to pay attention to the road and be ready to take over at any time. To indicate that Autosteer is now actively steering Model S, the instrument panel displays the Autosteer icon in blue. When Autosteer is able to detect lane markings, it also displays the driving lanes in BLUE:

๐Ÿ”˜ To Initiate Autosteer, you must be driving at least 18 mph on a roadway with visible lane markings. If a vehicle is detected ahead of you, you can initiate Autosteer at any speed, even when stationary. In most cases, Autosteer attempts to center Model S in the driving lane. However, if the sensors detect the presence an obstacle (such as a vehicle or guard rail), Autosteer may steer Model S in a driving path that is offset from the center of the lane. In situations where you attempt to engage Autosteer but you are not driving within the required driving speed for Autosteer to operate, or Autosteer is not receiving adequate data from the camera or sensors, a message displays on the instrument panel indicating that Autosteer is temporarily unavailable.

๐Ÿ”˜ Hold Steering Wheel โ€“ AutoSteer uses data from the camera, sensors, and GPS system to determine where to drive. It also requires you to hold the steering wheel. When entering a curve or driving at a high speed, if Autosteer does not detect your hands on the steering wheel, it displays the following message on the instrument panel and eventually sounds a chime: When you see this message, you may need to tighten your grip on the steering wheel. When your hands are detected, Autosteer resumes normal operation. Be careful not to apply any steering. Doing so cancels Autosteer. If Autosteer does not detect your hands on the steering wheel, the Hold Steering Wheel request escalates by sounding two additional chimes. The chimes increase in frequency until Autosteer detects your hands. If no action is taken, Autosteer begins to decelerate Model S and displays the following message on the instrument panel.

๐Ÿ”˜ Take Over Immediately โ€“ In situations where AutoSteer is unable to steer Model S, AutoSteer sounds a warning chime and displays the following message on the instrument panel.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Model S Owners Manual. The Link below directs you to Dropbox that houses a PDF file containing the Model S Operation Manual provided to new Car owners. The sections above are abstracts from “Driver Assistance” section that begins on page 65 of this manual. https://goo.gl/UeGJDI

๐Ÿ”˜ Fuel Economy.Gov site to compare a wide variety of New Cars. https://goo.gl/hoNh52
https://goo.gl/09PL1R

๐Ÿ”˜ TESLA’s Model S, first arrived on the market 4 years ago in June, 2012, when the first Model S rolled off the production line. Four years later on May 1, 2016 the New and Improved Model S Cars are rolling off the production line at a pace of 1000 Cars/Week. The most noticeable change is with the front “Nose Grill” area, the nose-cone.

๐Ÿ”˜ Cosmetics was the primary reason Tesla used a “Front Grill-like” feature in its initial design of the Model S. The nose-grill is non-functional, and was chosen to retain the “look” of traditional Cars. Since there’s no gasoline-combustion engine, and therefor no heat created, and no radiator to dissipate the heat that doesn’t exist… a front Grill to admit air for a radiator is not the function; the front Grill is strictly cosmetic.

๐Ÿ”˜ TESLA’s Mission is to Deliver an Electric Car that “looks like” what everyone expects a Car to look like; and to have their Electric Car perform, as everyone expects a “traditional car to perform”… even though it’s Electric.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Model S concepts are driving forces since 2010, and presently remain a major focus for TESLA. Tesla’s ultimate goal is to deliver affordable Electric Cars for the Mainstream, the Model 3 being Tesla’s first entry into the affordable car for the masses category.

๐Ÿ”˜ TESLA’s all Electric Roadster and Model S proved that an Electric Car can be aesthetically attractive with superior performance. The Model S nose-Grill does not pass ambient-air through, to an Air-Over-Radiator as with Gasoline Engine powered cars. TESLA’s nose-Grill design was strictly cosmetic, as folks expected to see a Grill.

๐Ÿ”˜ Currently, 80,000 Model S Cars have been purchased in the US, for a total of 110,000 Model S deliveries globally. Tesla believes with over $10 Billion in Sales Deliveries of their electric Cars, the non-functional cosmetic grill, may now be replaced with an aerodynamically efficient nosecone. The new “nose” design is currently used in Model X cars, and is planned for Model 3 cars, starting production in late 2017.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Nose-Grill displayed in the May, 2016 Model S is Aerodynamically Superior, to the 2012 Grill, due to its carefully engineering, wind-tunnel tested shape; The 2012 nose-grill was non-functional, with unfavorable aerodynamics; but it was “worth it” to have their electric Cars accepted by the Market, in the face of decades of “Traditional Cars.” Model S new nosecone is the same precision-design wind-tunnel tested nosecone, used for Model X and Model 3.

๐Ÿ”˜ Model 3 Received 400,000 Reservation Deposit Checks, talk about Market Acceptance. The Model 3 is Tesla’s new, affordable $35,000 electric car, with over 400k reservations with $1000 deposits.

๐Ÿ”˜ Imagine this, Tesla has received $400,000,000 in Cash deposits for Model 3, with customers hoping to receive the Model 3, ASAP; however no sooner than “Late, 2017” according to Tesla Motors.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Model S facelift brings TESLA’s design “up to speed” aerodynamically, with the Model X and the upcoming Model 3 sedan. The revised front-fascia swaps-out the large faux-grille, in favor of a thin top-strip across the front with a centered bold T Logo. Changing the nose-cone on the Model S is aerodynamically-functional, having significantly reduced the “Wind Resistance” of the Car, thereby increased the overall Milage Range by more than 10%.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Improved Model S has been fitted with New Head Lights that are powered with high-power LEDs, including 14 three-position dynamic turning lights to improve visibility with evening turns and winding roads.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Engineers have added a new HEPA air filtration system, removing 99.97% of all particulate exhaust pollution, allergens, bacteria, and other airborne contaminants. Like the Model X, this Air Filtration system features a “Bioweapon Defense Mode” that maintains positive pressure inside the cabin, to prevent toxic gasses from entering the Car’s cabin.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Designers have added several cosmetic improvements in the Cabin, adding a few new wood trim options. Buyers can also select an Option for heating or cooling Forced-Air ventilation of the front seats, a similar HVAC system employed in Tesla’s Model X. For example, on a Hot Afternoon in South Florida, the interior seating becomes very hot, upwards of 150ยบF.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla offers an AirConditioned Front Seats Option, that delivers Cool, Dry, Forced-Air Circulation inside the perforated seat-cushions, creating a cool, dry seat, rather than a scorching hot seat, particularly if you fit the Car with Black Leather. Seat-cushion air circulation is very comfortable at all times. However, particularly comfortable during long commutes and road-trips.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla’s iPhone APP โ€“ when launched your iPhone becomes a Remote Control for your Model S Car. Using the App you can start the Car’s Air Conditioning System, while you are finishing getting dressed in the morning, or awaiting your arrival from your Meeting, Luncheon, or Shopping. From your iPhone or Apple Watch, you are able to see the internal temperature of the Car, verify that it’s properly Locked, check your Fuel Range, and Turn-On the Air Conditioning, preparing the Car for your arrival to it.

๐Ÿ”˜ Model S will likely be paired with a 120 kWh High-Capacity LiON Battery delivering a Range of 400 Miles that will eventually replace the battery pack presently offered. We previously reported that Tesla and Panasonic have designed a slightly larger LiON battery cell [2mm bigger in diameter, 5mm taller] that delivers 33% greater Power with no increase in the cost to product the Lion cells. Implementation of this new LiON 20700 cell may be the effect of assembling a 120 kWh LiON battery pack. Presently Customers have the choice of TESLA’s 70 kWh LiOn battery pack, and the 90 kWh LiON Battery pack, paired with either a single-rear-motor, 2-Wheel Drive system, or paired with Front-Wheel motor plus Rear-Wheel motor, for their AWD package.

๐Ÿ”˜ Folks require more than a 300 mile range in an Electric Car. Tesla need to deliver a 400 Mile Range Battery pack, principally because at current Charging Rates, a 5-Minute “electric” Fill-Up delivers 28 Miles Range added to the LiON Battery, at Best. We understand that Tesla SuperCharger Stations will increase to a Power of 150 kWh [from 120 kWh]. This 25% increase that may deliver 35 Miles per 5 Minute charge, or 100 Mile Range in 15 Minutes, or over 200 Mile Range in 30 minutes.

๐Ÿ”˜ There are 168,000 Gas Stations, and 40,000 Electric Fueling Spots in the US. Electric Car drivers need and want greater Range per Full Charge, per Fill-up. Recall, When a Gasoline Engine powered Car pulls into a Gas Station, within 5-Minutes, they receive 15 Gallons of Gas, which provides 330 Miles of range, as established by the EPA standards of 22MPG, with a 15 gallon fuel-tank.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla needs a 120 kWh 400 Mile Range LiON Battery for the Model S, X, and Model 3 Cars. A 120 kWh Battery’s 400 mile Range, in traditional Gas-Tank equivalency, of an 18.2 Gallon Gas Tank, in a car that achieves 22MPG. Hopefully the Chargers and Battery Chemistry, will permit more Power to enter the LiOn Battery in Less Time.

๐Ÿ”˜ For Electric Car Fill-ups, a 5-Minute Electric Fill-up, an Electric Car receives only 28 Miles of Range, at any of the 630 Tesla SuperCharger Stations, the most powerful [120 kWh chargers] in the US. The 2nd best Electric Charger “in the wild” delivers 16 mile Range for a 5 minute charge, and there are not too many of these ChargePoint 200 RPH chargers. The Model S onboard charging system has been upgraded to accept 48 Amp Service, a 20% increase over the previous specs.

๐Ÿ”˜ Space X Mission Successfully Lands CRS-8 First Stage Rocket on a Drone-Ship situated in the Atlantic Ocean, April, 2016. http://youtu.be/sYmQQn_ZSys

๐Ÿ”˜ SPACE X Mission April 8, 2016, 30 minute narrated clip behind the line showing the Mission, an the background stories. Well worth your time. As you are watching this clip, as the 1st stage Rocket Lands on the Drone-Ship, floating out there, in the Atlantic Ocean, you’ll be standing and cheering with everyone else… http://youtu.be/7pUAydjne5M

๐Ÿš˜ Compare Tesla Model S and Model X all Electric Cars. From a Non-Car-Guy point of view, we discuss in reasonable detail [not-too-technical] a few of the commonly used electric-car terms; We need to think and understand this new “language.”

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla Cars Viewed from a Buyer Perspective, selecting the Options for the Model S or Model X makes significant changes to the Comfort and Safety of the Driver & Passengers, plus the Car’s Agility, Power, and Performance. In this article we Compare two highly rated Tesla electric Cars.

๐Ÿš˜ Permit me to bring you “up to speed” on some of the ingredients that make the Tesla Electric Cars “tick.” Remember, it’s All about the Cells, LiON Cells. Thousands of Cells in all Model X and Model S Cars.

๐Ÿš˜ Look at this Single Lithium-Ion Cell in hand. The LiON Cell is truly the Magical Ingredient that energizes Tesla Model S and Model X Cars. Thousands of these Cells [literally 7,104 Cells] all lined up in a special arrangement, with 444 cells housed in each Module, where all 16 modules are connected together to deliver 400v DC at 225 Amps, yielding a 90 kWh Battery weighing 1,200 pounds.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla’s GigaFactory, 100 Electric Ave, Sparks, Nevada. Tesla’s Lithium-Ion Battery factory [over 3 million sq.ft, on 1.5 sq. miles land] will produce more Lithium Cells than the entire World’s 2015 production. The Gigafactory’s initial production capacity is targeted at 35 Million kWh per Year, enough Lithium Cells to power 400,000 Tesla Cars/yr, [that’s 2.75 Billion Cells, LiON Cells/year or 7.64 Million Cells/day].

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla’s new GigaFactory is an 80 Acre Building Under Roof. Tesla’s battery partner [Panasonic] will be manufacturing their new co-designed LiOn Cell [the 20700 Cell] rendering it +133% more powerful. When Tesla’s Production Line [for Model X, Model S, Model 3 Cars] delivers 12,000 Cars per month, Tesla’s Gigafactory will be Producing 2.8 Million LiON Cells every Day, for the Car’s Batteries; This is just the “startup” quantity before Tesla Ramps-Up production [add the Model 3 Car in 2018] in Tesla’s new 3.5 million sq.ft. facility, the first phase of 10 Million sq.ft.

๐Ÿš˜ It’s Really All about the LiON Cells. Look at the picture of the 18650 Lithium-Ion Cell standing upright next to a traditional Double-AA battery on my iPad Pro’s keyboard. The LiON Cell [39gm] is over twice the physical size and weight of the AA battery [16gm]. Notice 5000 mAh capacity, equals 5.0 Ah at 3.7v DC. [Watts = A x V] or 5×3.7 = 18.5 Watt/Hr. Let’s divide it by 1000, to convert 18.5 Watts into kiloWatts. 18.5/1000 = 0.0185 kWh.

๐Ÿš˜ We Converted 18.5 Watts of storage into kWh [0.0185 kWh] the same units as in the 90 kWh Battery Pack. We know there are 7,104 LiON Cells in TESLA’s battery pack. Each individual LiON Cell can store 0.0185 kWh of power… seems like an itty-bitty amount of Power.

๐Ÿš˜ Cells are TESLA’s MAGIC. All these LiOn Cells are like a Miniature “Army” of Cells. A single “Army-Man’s” power, may not be impressive, with only 0.0184 kWh of muscle; BUT, let’s multiply our Army-Man, and bring in 7104 Army-Men; Now we have several Brigades, a “Powerful Force” of 7104 Men… 7104 Cells… Therefor, let’s take the single Cell’s modest Power of 0.0185 kWh, times 7,104. [0.0185 x 7104 = 131.4 kWh]

๐Ÿš˜ This is a Storage Pack with 131.4 kWh Power. OMG, that’s Huge. If these LiON Cells were all lined up in Tesla’s special arrangement for their TESLA Battery Pack, they’d have an amazing 130 kWh Battery, that’s 144% greater capacity than their present 90 kWh Battery, which would likely be an EPA rating of 400 Miles Range, rather than 275 EPA miles, for the present day 90 kWh Battery. See how much fun we’re having…

๐Ÿš˜ After All, it’s really all about the Cells, currently the 18650 LiOn Cell, is 18mm in diameter by 65mm tall. Battery Engineers say by increasing the Cell’s Diameter marginally by 2mm to 20mm, and increasing the cell’s Height from 65mm to 70mm, the new Cell, the LiON 20700 Cell will actually deliver 133% of the Power than its smaller brother, at the Same Cost per Cell.

๐Ÿš˜ Delivery of the 20700 LiON Cell may be the “Birth” of Tesla’s new 120 kWh Battery, with a Range over 400 Miles. This is a Huge development. Personally, having over 350 EPA certified miles is the Range folks need to see. Anything significantly less in Range [in my opinion] would be considered a “Commuter Car.”

๐Ÿš˜ Today is Racing in Fast Forward to the Future, as Electric Cars Charge on to the Mainstream However, too many folks remain pulled back with decades of prejudices and familiarity: “Pistons, Tanks, Gas, Rods, Gallons, Liters, Fumes, Plugs, V8’s, Octane, Unleaded…” Today, Electric Cars are becoming more popular partly because of the “GREEN” effect, plus some folks see Fuel Cost savings beneficial in the longer view.

๐Ÿš˜ Gas Prices at $2.75/Gallon currently, Equals 12ยข/Mile, [assume the EPA 22 MPG] the cost the average Gas Guzzler is about 12ยข/Mile. This fuel cost/mile is Three Times the cost of the Tesla Models S or X, electric utility charge of 4ยข/Mile. [electricity cost 12ยข/kW]

๐Ÿš˜ It takes Courage to be GREEN with Cars. One must have lots of Courage to be an “Electric Car Pioneer” knowing that: (A) Electric Car manufacturers do not have decades of experiences or durability stats, (B) Electric Charger-Stations are “few and far between” literally, (C) the Time required for an electric Fill-Up.

๐Ÿš˜ Gas Staton Fill-Ups: For an EPA standard 15 gallon Fill-Up, traditional Gas Stations [currently there are 168,000 US Gas Stations] that require about 5-Minutes in Fueling Time, giving your car 330 miles of Range, with an EPA standard of 22MPG, renders a cost of 12ยข/Mile, at $2.65/Gallon. With Electric-Car charging at most of the 40,000 charging-stations that currently exist in the US, the same 5-Minutes Fueling Time, gives your Electric Car 2.5 miles of Range. At DC FAST Express Commercial and Public Charging (19.2 kWr) Stations, a 5 minute charge gives your electric Car about 5 miles of Range. Fortunately, many EV Car Drivers have a Charger Connection at their residence garage, for every night fill-ups.

๐Ÿš˜ Your Garage becomes your Fuel Service Station, as you can Plug-In your Tesla using a 19.2 kWh Super Charger Kit, for an Over Night Fill Up, every Night. Although, the charging rate is roughly 60 RPH, [60 miles of Range per Hour of Charging], If you have a 360 Mile Battery, plugging in overnight, in 6 hours you are FULL of electric power. Although, the Public Charging Stations are time consuming for even a modest fill-up, your Garage Charger is very convenient for an every-Night topping-off your “Electric Fuel Tank.”

๐Ÿš˜ For Electric Cars to become truly Mainstream, These Issues Must be resolved

(A) Battery Range of 350 Miles
โ€“ Affordable Battery Technology, to render energy storage at a reasonable cost, giving 350+ Miles Range. With a bazillion Gas Stations in the US, [actually 168,000] gas driven cars receive a 330 mile range with a 5-minute Fill-Up time
(B) Range per 5 Minute Fill-Up. Charging Stations will have to Deliver significantly more Range than 5 Miles with a 5 Minute Charge
(C) DC-FAST chargers by ChargePoint are currently the fastest commercial chargers giving a Rate of 200 RPH which equals 15 Miles Range for a 5 Minute charge using the CHAdeMO plug.

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA is getting FASTER with Charging Speed, as their Super-Charger Stations Deliver a 30 mile Range in 5-minutes, 115 Miles of Range in 20 Minutes, or 170 Miles in 30 Minutes, Electric Charging gives 5 Miles of Range per Minute … This charging-rate although FAST for electric charging points, is still relatively slow, compared to the Time folks are used to at Gas Stations, giving 60 miles of Range per Minute. Tesla’s Super-Charger Stations are proprietary for Tesla Cars Only, as Tesla is providing its Power at No Cost to Tesla Drivers.

๐Ÿ”ด Below are YouTube Video-Clips Links that you may be interested in viewing. Having reviewed dozens of videos, these have been picked, showing (A) A Video, narrated, takes you into the assembly-line of the Model S at their factory in Fremont, California (B) Tesla associate Delivering a Tesla Model S to a customer; taking a new Tesla owner through the setup of the features for the Model S. TESLA’s delivery-training is worth your time (C) the next 2 video-clips demonstrate the Tesla AutoPilot in action on freeways, first with the Model X, the second is with the Model S car.

๐Ÿ”ต These Clips have been placed between two distinctive images, so you can return here, at a later time, after you’ve read the article.

๐Ÿ”ด Tesla Factory is Automated with Robotics; this interesting, narrated YouTube video-clip gives a closeup view of the assembly of some key components such as the unique Tesla Motor, Gear Box, and Dashboard electronics: https://goo.gl/5wu3sW

๐Ÿ”ด Tesla Factory Delivery of Your New Model S All Tesla Cars are build-to-order. In a few weeks you car will be ready for delivery to you. This YouTube narrated video-clip shows a Tesla Delivery to a Customer: https://goo.gl/cpHnYt

๐Ÿ”ด Tesla Drivers demonstrate the Model X and the Model S AutoPilot with Software version 7.0 These narrated demonstrations of the Autopilot shows the hands-free operation of the Tesla Autopilot controlling the car on Expressways at 70+mph, quite amazing:
https://goo.gl/Tj3wGr
https://goo.gl/YxQyNa

๐Ÿ”ด A Tesla Driver demonstrates the Apple Watch monitoring the status of the Model S and some of the Controlling capability of the Model-S Car. https://goo.gl/72smx0

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla provides a Free APP for iPhones and Apple Watch where Drivers may Plug-In at the Charging station, Start the Charge cycle, Lock the Car, then go into a Coffee shop or Retail Center. Then Remotely, Drivers can Open the Tesla APP on your iPhone and on your Apple Watch, which Logs-In to your Tesla Car’s Computer, to do lots of tasks
(A) Look at the Status of your Car: Locked, Unlocked, Interior Temperature, Range in Miles
(B) You can Honk your Horn, Flash the Car’s Lights to help you find the car in a large parking lot, or a dark street, Start the A/C system to Cool-Down your Car, so it’s ready for you at a Comfortable temperature, or heat the car in the Winter season
(C) Look at the Charging-progress of your Car, see the Miles Range as your Battery is charging, you’d then know when it’s time to return to your Tesla Car
(D) All of these actions can be performed from your iPhone and your Apple Watch.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla Promises Free Super-Charges Forever. Free charging as assured by Elon Musk helps to mitigate the limited Network of Stations, and the relatively slow Charge-time [compared to Gas-Fill-Ups]. Tesla’s SuperCharger Stations are Super-Fast [compared to all other Commercial and Public charger stations] but are relatively slow compared to Gasoline Car fill-ups. Hopefully new Battery technologies will permit significantly Faster Charge Times. It is believed that LiON Battery technology is one of the major factors limiting Charge-Time.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla SuperCharger stations require 20-30 Minutes to obtain a reasonable 100-175 Mile Range added to their Battery “Fuel Tanks.” To mitigate this “time issue” Tesla locates their Stations near Destinations where the Driver may be encouraged to visit, like Coffee Shops, Malls, Retail Shopping Centers.

๐Ÿš˜ Good News: The Public, Federal & State Governments, and Technology Enterprises are Focusing on GREEN Personal Transportation Solutions. For Traditional Cars: We need to arrest (an increasing portion of) the Toxic-Fumes spewing into the atmosphere, Electric Vehicles (EVs) are an answer; The EV Revolution has many of us digesting a new vocabulary: Lithium Ion batteries, Cells, 90 kWh, 70 kWh, LiON Cells, is Bigger Better, How Big is enough, Charger-Stations, Amps, Watts, Volts, Bolts, AC, DC not CD, RPH not MPH… EV’s have NO sign of Toxic Fumes, there’s no Gas-burning, nor tail-pipe Exhaust…

๐Ÿš˜ Compare Model X & Model S: Reviewing Tesla’s web site is a good experience; the web-site is well designed and full of attractive, informative dialogs and graphics. Our effort, is to provide the back-story, analysis, and related information on the topic of Electric Cars, from the point of view of a “Non-CAR-Guy.” After all, we want to know more about electric cars; we need to know What’s Watt.

๐Ÿš˜ Model S โ€“ Performance and Safety Refined โ€“ Model S is designed from the ground up to be the safest, most exhilarating sedan on the road; Having driven the Model S recently, Exhilarating is an Understatement. With unparalleled performance delivered through Teslaโ€™s unique, all-electric powertrain, Model S accelerates from 0 to 60 mph in as little as 2.8 seconds with its optional “Ludicrous Performance Mode.” Model S comes with true Autopilot capabilities designed to assist the highway driving experience, making it safer and stress free.

๐Ÿš˜ Adaptive Headlight Lighting โ€“ Model S features full LED adaptive headlights. Besides enhancing the already great styling, adaptive headlights also boost safety. With 14 three-position LED dynamic turning-lights improve visibility at night, especially on winding roads.

๐Ÿš˜ HEPA Medical Grade Air Filter โ€“ Model S now features a Medical grade HEPA air filtration system, which removes 99.97% of particulate exhaust pollution and effectively all allergens, bacteria, and other contaminants from the Cabin Atmosphere. Tesla has a “Bioweapon Defense” mode that creates a Positive Pressure inside the Cabin to protect occupants from any poisonous gasses from entering the Car. Not that we are expecting an attack, but, every day we can be following a Tractor Trailer that is spewing Clouds of Black Soot and Toxic Fumes… this screen activated mode, protects everyone in the Car from being “gassed” by every-day driving hazards.

๐Ÿš˜ Autopilot โ€“ Tesla’s Autopilot performs the following comprehensive tasks (A) assists Model S with steering, by keeping the Car within your Lane, (B) Change lanes with the simple tap of a turn signal (C) Manages Speed by using active, traffic-aware cruise control assuring safe following distance from the Car ahead (D) Digitally controls the motors, brakes, and steering mechanisms, to help avoid collisions from either Frontally and Sides (E) Prevents the car from wandering off the road, as often occurs when a sleepy driver dozes.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla AutoPilot also enables your car to Scan for an adequate Parking Space, and will Parallel Park on the Driver’s command. Tesla’s Summon, is a new feature that permits the Driver to “Call your Car” using your iPhone. When the Driver Summon’s their Car, the AutoPilot controls the car where it self-drives your empty Car, to meet you at your Front Door, all systems on GO. Tesla’s Autopilot features are progressively enabled over time with periodic software updates. The latest software update 7.0 added the “Summon” feature mentioned above.

๐Ÿš˜ Automatic Steering with Traffic Aware Cruise Control โ€“ Active sensors combined with GPS and high resolution digital maps comprise a mutually reinforcing system that pilots Model S along the highway, staying within your lane, even in stop and go traffic.

๐Ÿš˜ AutoPilot with Real-Time Learning โ€“ RealTime automated feedback from Tesla’s fleet of over 100,000 of Model S and X Cars. Think about it. All Tesla Car’s onboard Computers are periodically reporting to the “Mother Ship” information about the accuracy of its AutoPilot functions and Driver Assist features.

๐Ÿš˜ AutoPilot โ€“ If the Tesla Computer is driving “off course” where the Driver intercedes with a “course correction” the Car’s onBoard Computer makes note of these “autonomous driving errors” and transmits each occurrence to Tesla’s home office. All these course corrections and adjustments from all over the world, from Tesla’s Fleet of over 100,000 cars are assimilated. Software engineers will augment the navigation program accordingly, to ensure these systems are continually Learning and Improving upon itself. Tesla transmits a “Smarter, Trained, AutoPilot” into your Model S, Model X, Model 3 Computer system, periodically.

๐Ÿš˜ Dual Motor Model S is a categorical improvement on conventional all-wheel drive systems. With two motors, one in the front and one in the rear, Model S digitally and independently controls torque to the front and rear wheels. The result is unparalleled traction control in all road and climate conditions.

๐Ÿš˜ Model S, it’s two Motors are lighter, smaller, and more efficient than the Gasoline Car counterparts, providing both improved Range and faster Acceleration. In contrast, conventional all-wheel drive cars employ complex mechanical linkages and transaxles to distribute power from a single engine to all four wheels. This sacrifices energy efficiency in favor of all-weather traction.

๐Ÿš˜ Model S Performance comes standard with All-Wheel Drive Dual Motors, pairing the high performance rear motor with a high efficiency front motor to achieve “SuperCar” acceleration, from zero to 60 miles per hour in 2.8 seconds.

๐Ÿš˜ Model S is Built around the Driver โ€“ Model S is a Car-Driver’s car. The cabin combines meticulous noise-abatement engineering with Tesla’s uniquely quiet powertrain to obtain the Sound Dynamics of a Recording Studio. Having recently driven the Model S, one of the most stunning observations Driving the Model S is the “Total Silence” one experiences when putting on a Pair of BOSE noise-cancelling Headphones.

๐Ÿš˜ Touchscreen โ€“ The Model S is controlled an impressive 17″ touchscreen, is the interior centerpiece, high-resolution Display. The LCD display is angled toward the Driver and includes both day and night modes for better visibility without distraction. The Display puts rich and important content at the Driver’s fingertips providing mobile [cellular] connectivity. The Driver can easily find a destination, favorite song, or a new restaurant, PLUS the display controls most of the car’s functions. Opening the all glass panoramic roof, customizing the automatic climate control, setting the AutoPilot parameters, changing the radio station, all happen with a swipe or a touch. The touchscreen, digital instrument cluster, and steering wheel controls seamlessly integrate media, navigation, communications, cabin controls and vehicle data.

๐Ÿš˜ Model S is designed from the ground up to be the safest car on the road, according to Tesla. Much of its safety is owed to the unique electric drivetrain and the 1200 pound Battery pack that sits beneath the car’s aluminum occupant cell in its own subframe. This unique positioning substantially lowers the car’s center of gravity, which improves handling and minimizes rollover risk, and replaces the heavy engine block with impact absorbing boron steel rails.

๐Ÿš˜ Side impacts are met by aluminum pillars reinforced with steel rails to reduce intrusion, protecting occupants and the battery pack while improving roof stiffness. In the event of an accident, eight airbags protect front and rear occupants, and the 90 kWh Battery [a high-voltage 400v DC, 225 Amp array of LiOn Cells] is automatically disconnected.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla Launch Event of for the Model X โ€“ Sept 29, 2015 by Tesla Motors โ€“ https://vimeo.com/140889963

๐Ÿš˜ According to Tesla Motors, the Model X is the safest, fastest and most capable sport utility vehicle in history. With all-wheel drive and a 90 kWh battery providing 257 miles of range [an EPA stat], Model X has ample seating for up to seven adults [with 3 seating options] and all of their gear. The Model X itโ€™s ludicrously fast, accelerating from zero to 60 MPH in as quick as 3.2 seconds [with High Performance Option]. Model X is the no-compromise SUV.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla states that it’s Model X is designed with safety as the first priority. The floor-mounted 1200 pound battery lowers the center of gravity so that the risk of rollover is “half the risk” any other SUV in its class. The battery structure strengthens Model X against side impact intrusions. Without a gasoline engine, the Model X’s large front trunk acts as a giant impact-absorbing crumple zone. Tesla’s own internally conducted crash testing indicates that Model X has the expectation, to be the first SUV to receive the highest safety rating in every category; although as of this writing, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has not yet conducted crash testing on the Model X.

๐Ÿš˜ Active Safety: Model X continually scans the surrounding roadway with cameras, radar and sonar systems, providing the driver with real-time feedback to help avoid collisions. Even at highway speeds, Model X is designed to automatically apply brakes in an emergency.

๐Ÿš˜ Falcon Wing doors allow easy access to second and third row seats from even a tight parking space, while traditional SUV doors or Minivan sliding doors would not grant any access.

๐Ÿš˜ With only a foot of clearance on either side, Falcon Wing doors articulate smoothly up and out of the way, allowing passengers to enter from both front and rear directions. The side and overhead opening is so large that parents can buckle children in without ducking or straining and without bumping their child’s head on the roof.

๐Ÿš˜ Aerodynamic, Model X is able to achieve 257 miles of range in part because it is the most aerodynamic SUV in production. With a Drag Coefficient of 0.24, Model X’s Wind Resistance is 20% lower than the next best SUV, better than most all other Cars period. In addition, an active spoiler deploys from the rear lift-gate optimizes highway efficiency and stability.

๐Ÿš˜ Big Sky Effect โ€“ Model X has the largest all glass panoramic windshield in production, providing an unparalleled view of the road, scenery, stars, and sky above. Optimized solar-tinting and obstruction-free view, creates unlimited visibility for the driver and all passengers.

๐Ÿš˜ Autopilot โ€“ Tesla’s Autopilot performs the following comprehensive tasks (A) assists Model S with steering, by keeping the Car within your Lane, (B) Change lanes with the simple tap of a turn signal (C) Manages Speed by using active, traffic-aware cruise control assuring safe following distance from the Car ahead (D) Digitally controls the motors, brakes, and steering mechanisms, to help avoid collisions from either Frontally and Sides (E) Prevents the car from wandering off the road, as often occurs when a sleepy driver dozes.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla AutoPilot also enables your car to Scan for an adequate Parking Space, and will Parallel Park on the Driver’s command. Tesla’s Summon, is a new feature that permits the Driver to “Call your Car” using your iPhone. When the Driver Summon’s their Car, the AutoPilot controls the car where it self-drives your empty Car, to meet you at your Front Door, all systems on GO. Tesla’s Autopilot features are progressively enabled over time with periodic software updates. The latest software update 7.0 added the “Summon” feature mentioned above.

๐Ÿš˜ Automatic Steering with Traffic Aware Cruise Control โ€“ Active sensors combined with GPS and high resolution digital maps comprise a mutually reinforcing system that pilots Model S along the highway, staying within your lane, even in stop and go traffic.

๐Ÿš˜ AutoPilot with Real-Time Learning โ€“ RealTime automated feedback from Tesla’s fleet of over 100,000 of Model S and X Cars. Think about it. All Tesla Car’s onboard Computers are periodically reporting to the “Mother Ship” information about the accuracy of its AutoPilot functions and Driver Assist features.

๐Ÿš˜ AutoPilot โ€“ If the Tesla Computer is driving “off course” where the Driver intercedes with a “course correction” the Car’s onBoard Computer makes note of these “autonomous driving errors” and transmits each to Tesla’s home office. All these course corrections and adjustments from all over the world, from Tesla’s Fleet of over 100,000 cars are assimilated, to ensure these systems are continually Learning and Improving upon itself. Tesla transmits a “Smarter, Trained, AutoPilot” into your Model S, Model X, Model 3 Computer system, periodically.

๐Ÿš˜ Seating for Seven โ€“ Model X comfortably seats seven people in three rows: 2F, 3M, 2R. Every seat is the best seat in the house; however, the Middle Row of 3 seats are a work of art. Mounted on a single post and independently reclining, each second row seat is designed to maximize passenger comfort, legroom, under seat storage and access to the third row. The third row seats fold flat when not in use and the second row seats lean forward and out of the way for even more cargo area

๐Ÿš˜ Technology and Specifications
โ€ข Regular over-the-air updates add safety and navigation features, enhance performance and improve the driver experience
โ€ข Free Charge-ups at Tesla’s Supercharger network
โ€ข Maps and navigation with real-time traffic information
โ€ข Center console with a quick connect iPhone dock
โ€ข GPS enabled Homelink
โ€ข Electric All-Wheel Drive for max efficiency/traction
โ€ข Active safety technologies: side collision avoidance, automatic emergency braking
โ€ข Parking sensors and blind spot warning
โ€ข Full LED headlamps
โ€ข Power-folding, heated side mirrors
โ€ข Up to four LATCH child seat attachments
โ€ข Largest glass panoramic windshield in production, providing unparalleled views
โ€ข Falcon Wing doors allow access to 2nd, 3rd row seats
โ€ข Automatic keyless entry
โ€ข Automatic rear lift-gate opening
โ€ข Large interior storage capacity of 77 cubic feet
โ€ข Front trunk with room for luggage, strollers or golf bags
โ€ข Warranty is 8 years, infinite mile Battery and Drive Unit
โ€ข Warranty is 4 years, 50,000 mile limit for entire Car

๐Ÿš˜ Admittedly, before engaging with our Tesla Comparisons, it was believed that the Model S was the Larger Car, yes, the “S” is likely lower to the Ground, and it is. Having seen both cars “up close and personal” the Model S visually gives the appearance of being a Heavier, Longer and Wider machine.

๐Ÿš˜ Comparison-List of Specs for Model X and Model S for 9โƒฃ key measures; the results were quite surprising. Here are a few of the biggest surprises: the Model X is 624 Pounds Heavier, The Model X is Wider by 4″, it’s also Longer by 2″, and more Shoulder Room by 3″ Wider, Head Room is almost 3″ Taller for those big guys, and Hip Room is over 4″ Wider too.

๐Ÿš˜ Truthfully, I’m already “Sold on the entire Tesla concept” however, Comparing both Models. But after a fairly extensive research effort, to render this article worthwhile, my 1st choice Model changed, back and forth, both ways, this way and that way… I thought this would be an easy pick. Selecting a Car is a personal matter. The Style, Look, Power, AWD, RWD, Utility, Speed, Range, Software, Suspension, Colors and Materials… Which Model is best for you, the “X” or the “S” ? Read on, it may help with your selection.

๐Ÿš˜ The Challenge as Electric Vehicles become “Mainstream” particularly in light of Tesla’s new Model 3 Reveal, midnight (March 31st-April 1st) just three weeks ago, Tesla received over 325,000 Reservation Deposits of $1000 in One Week. This is an unheard of huge global “Reservation-List” for a new Car that no one at the time had actually seen yet, albeit an affordable $35,000 beauty. (We’ve collected some stunning pictures and video clips below).

๐Ÿš˜ Whether it’s TESLA Cars or the other 25-flavors of electric cars sold in the US last year, for example, the Top Three: 92,700 Chevy Volts, 92,500 Nissan Leafs, 63,100 Tesla Model S Cars, are among the 410,000 electric vehicles sold last year, plus 12,200 charging stations and 30,700 Public Charging points in the US. Where are all those Charging locations that have the “Type of Juice” a Tesla requires? How much will it Take? How many Miles can be driven with an Electric Fill-Up? In a Reasonable amount of Time… how much Time?

๐Ÿš˜ The Buzz Words, AC, DC, kWh, SAE-J1772, CHAdeMO, RPH not MPH, DC not CD, Current-Flow, no more High-Test or Low-Test… So What’s with the Watts, Range, Amps, Volts, Bolts and Leafs. Fear Not, scroll-down to this “โ€“โ€“Previously Reportedโ€“โ€“” marker, where we’ve explained many of these terms, which serves as a guide for your New Tesla, to keep you energized and literally Charged. Globally, there are over 1.2 Billion Gas and Electric cars driving on the roads today, with over 600,000 electric cars last year.

๐Ÿš˜ Model X Proposed Order formulated on Tesla’s Design Center showing options selected.

๐Ÿš˜ Model S Range Per Charge chart shows four Model S configurations showing the (Milage) Range for a fully charged Model S, that you’d anticipate depending on the Battery Size of 70 kWh or the 90 kWh, and Motor D configuration (2-wheel drive or 4-wheel drive) selections. Notice, Ambient Temperature was turned up to 90ยบF, Average driving speed was set at 45mph, and the A/C On, using 19″ wheels.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla Model S 90D Achieves over 400 Mile Range on One Charge, is very impressive, as no other Electric Car has even half this Range. [443 Mile Range with A/C off, 392 Mile Range with A/C on, average driving speed 45mph]. Tesla says, each year, their engineers expect its LiON Battery Technologies will improve kWh Capacity and Range by around 5%-to-10% per Year, due to engineering efficiencies and improvements of the LiON cell structure and chemistry. These individual LiON-Cells are quite important; The 90 kWh LiON battery contains 7104 cells housed within 16 modules, containing 444 cells in each module. [Each Module delivers 25v DC at 225 Amps. The Math: 16 Modules at 25v DC equals 400 vDC at 225Amps, which equals 90kWh of Power.] Tesla’s Lithium Battery pack containing a “bazillion small cells” [well 7104 cells] was probably my biggest surprise.

๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA has been thinking about these topics that only great automotive engineers consider regarding Fuel (electric or gas) Efficiency, the $Cost/Mile driven; however, lets keep it simple for now, by excluding these important items: Tire replacement, Drivers’ aggressive driving habits (hard acceleration, braking, hard turns), the engine, drivetrain, fuel-grade, etc. Let’s exclude all the items above, and read on.

๐Ÿš˜ The following items, are very important “external factors” engineers are very interested in, that effect (Milage) $Cost/Mile efficiency: (1) Wind Resistance on the Car’s external surfaces (Coefficient of Aerodynamic Drag), overall-shape, front-grill, door-handles, antennas, windshield-wipers (2) Tire Friction, the interaction of the tires on the paved streets, camber, caster, alignment and (3) the Wheel-Bearings. All these factors require [more] energy to overcome their effect on Car’s performance.

๐Ÿš˜ Considering all these Internal and External Engineering Factors, TESLA has designed a precision 4-door sedan using electric propulsion… winning awards from the entire automotive industry globally, combined with over 80,000 pleased Tesla Model S owners. Elon Musk while on-stage said, the gross margins on the Model S sales, helped to finance the development their new Model 3 Car unveiled April 1 at midnight. While on stage, Musk thanked the audience for buying the Model S… or else the “Model 3 would not be here this evening…” The Model 3 being Tesla’s answer for a truly “affordable electric car” priced at $35,000 for the mainstream.

๐Ÿš˜ Currently, Tesla Motors builds their Model S and Model X to the specifications defined by each Buyer as they order their Custom TESLAs. Currently the Tesla production-line is delivering over 4,100 Tesla cars per month, a bit over 50,000 cars/year during 2015. Next year Model S production is planned to ramp-up to 100,000 cars/year. In 2018 Tesla will begin ramping-up their new Model 3 affordable, $35,000 car for the masses, in effort to satisfy some portion of the 325,000 reservations it received within a week of the Model-3 REVEAL on 4/1/16.

๐Ÿš˜ That said, let’s build our Model S Car with a good selection of features, as Tesla decided that they are building each Car for each Buyer, “Build-to-Order” plan, not the reverse. Many other car manufacturers produce cars with company designed options, filling Car Lots with large inventories of Cars they Hope the folks will desire.

๐Ÿš˜ First Step is to decide about the 70 kWh Battery or the 90 kWh Battery. The larger 90 kWh battery pack will provide more power and greater Range (miles) per Full Charge. In gasoline terms, do we want a Larger “Fuel Tank” or a smaller one. Since Electric Vehicles are charged in one’s residential garage, and when on the highways, the number of Tesla SuperChargers, it’s charger infrastructures of 615 current Stations, is not fully developed; therefore we’d recommend the Longest-Range battery available, to mitigate the issue of fewer Fast-Fueling (Charger) locations.

๐Ÿš˜ Several years from now, having the Largest Battery [largest fuel tank] may be not as important a consideration, as it is today. Therefore, lets select the 90 kWh Battery. Next, do we recommend 2-wheel drive or 4-wheel drive. With the Model S there are several combinations of choices, for battery size and 2-Wheel or All-Wheel drive. The 90D gives an excellent balance of Range, Power, and 4-Wheel drive.

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA’s Model S 90D All-Wheel drive is Recommended as displayed above. If one desired greater performance, then the P90D could have been selected for a $20,000 premium. The Model S 90D selection is provides an excellent balance of power and range with a base price of $89,000. Let’s recommend this model.

๐Ÿš˜ Next, let’s select the exterior Paint Color, Interior treatments, Panoramic Roof and Wheels. Let’s pick fire engine RED for the Car’s exterior color, a $1500 extra, the panoramic all glass roof for $1500, Next Gen Leather for $2500, standard wheels, Dark Ash wood interior treatment, and the Black Headliner. This brings the Model S price to $98,000 which includes the $3000 Premium interior package shown below.

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA’s Model S: An Important Option to consider is their High Amp Charger package, also known as the Dual-Charger package for $1500. This electronics package is [simply] a more powerful AC-to-DC [internal, under the hood] Converter. If you do not have this High Amp package, you will be trapped at an annoyingly “Very Slow Fill Rate” particularly, when you’re in a hurry during the day. [My guess Tesla will eventually include this as “Standard” equipment.]

๐Ÿš˜ Think about the number of times you’re Driving around town on ยผTank. This High Amp Kit permits the Car to be Charged at TWICE the RPH rate (range per hour) with a Public Charger, or your Garage. (in Technical terms for your electrician, the Power requirements: a 100Amp, 240v AC dedicated circuit.) When you Plug into this high power circuit, it permits a FAST-Charge Rate of 60 miles of Range Per Hour, or 60 minutes of Charging, this is RPH. Therefore, plugging-in over night, with 3 hours of charging we’d add 180 miles of driving Range. With the 90 kWh battery, in 3-5 hours we’d get a complete Fill-Up of power for the next days’ driving. This is important, BUT more importantly, is “Filling” your TESLA at a Curb-side Public Charger for 20 miles of Range with only 20 minutes of charging. [We are now at $99,500 for this Car, but we’re not quite done. There are several other Options to consider.]

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA’s Model S AutoPilot Convenience Feature. This package is an on-board Software package installed onto the Car’s Computer System. The Hardware is already included with all Tesla cars. AutoPilot operates by assisting the Driver to stay in-Lane on highways, assists in changing lanes by using its 360ยบ array of sensors to guide the Car when you want to change lanes, it also checks for any cars in front or you, plus left & right sides, making sure there is ample and safe distance from the car in front, and adjusting speed up-or-down, to maintain a safe margins. This system also provides for automated Parallel Parking. Tesla as been improving the Tesla onboard computer, presently up to software upgrade 7.1. Tesla will improve and upgrade the Car’s software from time to time [at 3am] when your sleeping… adding new and improved capabilities.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla is committed to new innovations for its “AutoPilot” program, adding features, to enhance the Driver experience, for Public safety, plus Driver safety and convenience. Elon Musk says Tesla’s GOAL is to have their Tesla AutoPilot function as a true Autonomous-Driving experience, once fully tested and obtains Government DOT approval, said to be “achieved in several years, less than 5.” My thoughts, if we’re buying a $100k+ car, let’s spend another 2.5% and get this amazing driver-assist. Let’s include this $2500 option. [Our next article may be only about Tesla’s AutoPilot, it’s that exciting.]

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA’s Model S Ultra High Fidelity Sound System. Yes, let’s recommend incredible Sound for a very special Ultra-Quite Car. This system redefines the automotive audio experience, but is more than a bigger amplifier and more speakers. This is a $2500 option likely worth the added expense; having driven the Model S several months ago, the sound system gives the impression that you’ve entered a “Recording Studio Sound Stage.” Pure, Clean, Detailed, Undistorted, Sound, surrounding You and your Passengers, which otherwise is totally quite with No engine noise nor noticeable road-roar, even when driving at expressway speeds. [We are now up to a $104,500 Model S package. Almost done with Options to consider.]

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA’s Model S: Air Suspension is Very Smart. This package permits the Car to be intelligently elevated [further] above street grade, to handle steep driveways or undulating roads, where having greater ground-clearance is safe and beneficial. The onboard Computer system remembers where the driver made this onScreen manual elevation-adjustment; When you drive to this same GPS position, the Car will elevate automatically. When you arrive at your driveway or a restaurant, or where Passengers are unloading, the Driver can manually increase the elevation of the Car, making for an improved exit-experience for yourself, your passengers, and their baggage. We have now completed the Option-package recommendations; the Model S is priced at $108,200 including Tesla’s $1200 delivery charge and documentation costs.

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA’s Model S final configuration including all the chosen options are displayed in the graphic below. Recall, Tesla has chosen the Customize your Car, “Build-to-Order” business model. Our Car with the options we desire are ordered with a $2500 refundable deposit; Once your Build-to-Order Custom Car enters the Production Line your $2500 deposit, becomes non-refundable. [Buyers are notified (warned) prior to their deposit going “hard”.] Your car should be ready for delivery in about 6 weeks based on Tesla’s current back-log of orders to be filled, or thereafter if we chose a later delivery date, giving consideration for Tesla’s then Production delay.

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA’s Model S: Final Configuration with Recommended Options, earns an EPA rating of 103 eMPG, the “electric” equivalency of MPG. When charging the Model S with an electric-utility cost of 12ยข/kWh, our Fuel-Cost in miles driven is 3.95ยข/mile, therefore for 15,000 miles driven, the EPA has determined the Annual Cost is $600. According to the EPA in five years the total cost savings is $9,600 as compared to an equivalent Gasoline Powered car. [There is extensive testing performed by the EPA with factory interaction to establish fair EPA Disclosure stickers.]

๐Ÿš˜ In Sum, assuming the Federal Government continues its $7,500 Tax Incentive, combined with the $9,600 five year savings in fuel cost, we’d experience an Overall Savings of $17,100 in Five Years and if she retained the Car for 8 years, we’d save another $5,760 for 3 more years, reaching the 8-year warranty expiration. Our new Tesla Model S car’s cost is $108,200 delivered, (less $17,100 and $5,760) Savings Total of $22,860 for a Model S net cost $85,340 which had an 8 Year [unlimited milage] Battery warranty, and 8 years on the Motor and Drive unit.

Tesla Model X Purchase Summary with Options is consistent with the Model S choices outlined above. Apparently, the four items below, are Options at an extra [$6500] cost for the Model S, however, for Model X these same items are “Standard” and “included” in the base price of the Car: (A) All Glass Panoramic Roof [$1500] (B) 20″ Premium Wheels [$2500] (C) Black Alcantara Headliner (D) Smart Suspension [$2500]. If visiting http://www.Tesla.com in their Design Studio for the Model X, there are selections for added Seating for up to 7 passengers, otherwise the Model X seats 5 comfortably.

Compare Tesla Model S with Model X Physical Specifications. When examining the specifications of these two Cars, the Model X external Car Body is longer in length and wider in width; Either Car Body is attached to the exact same Wheel Base Frame. Without getting into the weeds, both Cars have the exact same wheel-base, front wheel tracking, and rear wheel tracking. However, there are nine important differences worth mentioning listed below

1โƒฃ Model X Curb Weight is 5,271 Pounds, Heavier by 624 pounds, surprisingly
2โƒฃ Model X Length, overall is 16’6″, Longer by about 2.3″
3โƒฃ Model X Width, overall, Mirrors folded is 7’5″, Wider by about 4.2″
4โƒฃ Model X Ground Clearance is 7.55″, Higher Above-Ground by 1.9″
5โƒฃ Model X Shoulder Room is 60.7″, Wider by 3.0″, noticeable by Big folks
6โƒฃ Model X Leg Room Average is 39.8″, Longer by 0.4″, no one will notice
7โƒฃ Model X Head Room is 41.7″, Higher by 2.9″, noticeable by Tall folks
8โƒฃ Model X Hip Room Rear Seats is 59.0″, Wider by 4.3″, noticeable by Big folks
9โƒฃ Model X Cargo Room is 77 cu.ft., Larger by 46 cu.ft. due to Hatchback design

๐Ÿ”‹ High-Power DC Charger Stations are the future of Electric Vehicles adoption by the masses. This is the Main reason Tesla is building a huge infrastructure of SuperCharger Stations. The drive-in charger lanes deliver 120 kWh of DC directly into Tesla Cars, where you can add 170 miles of Range in 30 minutes, or 100 miles of Range in 20 minutes, etc. Cost and over-heating issues, limit the power levels an EV Car’s internal rectifier-circuit can handle in the vehicle. Therefore, for power requirements over 240vAC at 80 Amps (19.2 kWh), external charging station are more efficient delivering DC power directly into the vehicle’s LiON battery. Combine these factors with the EV industry’s desire to “Refill EV Cars quickly…”

Visit Tesla’s Charging Calculator, to change Energy cost or another parameter. (All samples displayed are set for $0.12/kWh the US average for Electricity) This Link contains the Charging Calculator, then scroll-Down to the Calculator. https://www.teslamotors.com/models-charging#/calculator.

Charging Examples displayed below Demonstrate a Residential Garage setup, using a 100A, 240v AC dedicated circuit, for charging all Tesla Models that contain the $1500 optional High Amperage Charger. This setup in the Car and in the Garage, delivers 19.2 kWh of Power into the Car’s High Amperage Charger which converts the high power AC to DC to energize the massive 1200 pound Tesla Battery pack.




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๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Model S + Model X to have 100 kWh Lithium Battery Very Soon, then 125kWh Battery ๐Ÿ”˜๐Ÿ”˜

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๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Motors is Ready to Release a 100 kWh LiON battery-pack; It looks like TESLA is preparing to replace the 90 kWh sooner than most expect. Tesla has also changed the 70 kWh battery capacity to 75 kWh.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla’s release of the 75 kWh Battery includes a “Software Switch” taking the 75 kWh capacity down to 60 kWh in effort to create “entry level” pricing for the Model X and S cars, to $60,000. Tesla also eliminated the 85 kWh battery, and replaced it with their currently available 90 kWh battery… and presently the 100 kWh Power Pack appears to be ready for release, rendering an EPA Range of 328 Miles.

๐Ÿ”˜ There is something Magical about 100 kWh, particularly when it comes to Zero Emissions Automobile Power.

๐Ÿ”˜ But there is something even More Magical: a Real 400 Mile Range! Some say, including Elon Musk, that a 400 mile range may not be necessary. Bunk! However, converting 400 miles driven, in your Gasoline Luxury car requires a 21ยพ Gallon Fuel Tank, assuming your Luxury 4,200 pound Gasoline-Car can actually deliver 19MPG miles per gallon; we know that most Luxury cars don’t really achieve 19MPG, City60%::Highway40% driving. EPA milage ratings are a “Quasi-Hoax” promulgated by the Government and Domestic Auto Makers, what’s left of it. Remember, when ratings are “calculated” no Accessories and no Air Conditioning can be running. Turn on the A/C and some accessories, you loose 12% of your Range.

๐Ÿ”˜ Conversely, Image a BMW or Mercedes Dealer saying a 13ยพ Gallon Fuel Tank is all you Need. Bunk! Similarly for the Model X and S Cars, a 260 Mile Range is not sufficient. Turn on the A/C and a few Accessories, you loose -12% of your Range, then you’re down to 228 Mile Range. Tesla is also saying don’t charge your Battery above 90% for your Battery’s Health, this is another -10% bringing your Tesla 260 Mile Rated Battery, to a Range of 205 Miles, Bunk!

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla 400 Mile Range Battery โ€“ How many Miles of Range do you really get. When we drive our Luxury Tesla Model X, we surely are going to use all those exciting Accessories, the amazing Sound System, Lighting, and the Air Conditioner, for example; These accessories consume 12% of the Power, which equals 48 Miles of Range. Tesla says “for the Health of your Battery don’t charge it Over 90%” โ€“ that’s another 40 miles of Range off the Top. We are not done yet. You cant take the risk of driving into your garage at ZERO miles โ€“ we need a “Fuel Reserve” โ€“ Lets set the electric fuel reserve to 10%, equals 40 Miles of Range. As there are Too Few Charging Stations currently, the reserve should be greater than 10%. Most Gasoline Cars set their “Emergency Fuel Light” to illuminate at 40-Mile Reserve remaining in the Tank.

๐Ÿ”˜ 400 Mile Battery is Really 272 Miles of Usable Range, [Requiring a 125 kWh Battery]. The Math for Miles of Range is simple but painful: Stated Range of 400 Miles, less 40 Miles for the Tesla recommended 10% charging factor, less 48 Miles for your use of Accessories, less 40 Miles for the Fuel Reserve. In Sum, your 400 Mile Battery is really only 272 Miles in Usable Range. {400-[40+48+40]=272}. Therefore don’t get all Pumped Up with a 400 Mile Range Battery, because it’s only a Range of 272 Miles, only 68% of the Rated Miles.

๐Ÿ”˜ 160,000 Gas Stations in the USA currently pumping Gas and Diesel Fuel, adding 350 to 400 Miles of Range into their Fuel Tanks, requiring less than 6 minutes for the Fill-Up. There are Far Fewer Fast Charging Stations [like less than 700] that exist across the USA to Fast Charge Tesla Electric Cars.

๐Ÿ”˜ Presently there are NO “Public EV Car Chargers” that can “Pump Juice” for 400 Miles of Range in 5 Minutes, Not in 10 Minutes, Not in 20 Minutes, Not in 30, not in 40, 50, or 60 Minutes for a Fill-Up. Tesla’s Super Charger Stations (now 682) currently deliver 300 miles of range in 70 minutes. This problem exists Today and likely for the next 4 or 5 years โ€“ all the more reason why TESLA and other EV Car makers, need to deliver 400-Mile Range Cars.

๐Ÿ”˜ Two Battery Capacities for Tesla Model X and S, will be 75 kWh and 100 kWh for now. However, 100 kWh should not the end of the kWh “Race” โ€“ I’d rather call increasing Miles of Range a kWh Goal. It’s not really about kWh, it’s about Miles of Range, but these two terms are directly linked. Once the Model S and X achieve a Real 400 Miles of Range, stability with Tesla kWh Capacities will be achieved.

๐Ÿ”˜ Model X and S Luxury Cars โ€“ Two Battery Capacities 75 kWh and 125 kWh, all other Capacities Software-enabled, if these choices were up to me, which it is not. Huge Problem: assessing a $8500 Premium to increase the 60 kWh capacity to 75 kWh, which Adds 39 Mile Range seems “ludicrous,” sorry for the word choice. Perhaps ridiculous would be a better word.

๐Ÿ”˜ Let’s add 39 Miles of Range for $8,500 โ€“ really, you’ve got to be kidding. Apparently the development costs for Tesla’s LiON Battery Pack is way “Out of Balance” with the Model X and Model S Cars’ Total Cost.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla’s Marketing strategy currently is to Lower the Entry-level Cost of the Model S to around $66,000 and Model X to $74,000 in attempt to “convert” some of the Model 3 Reservation folks to Get the Model S and X Now, rather than waiting 18 months for the Model 3. TESLA needs to step-up the engineering efforts to Lower the Cost of the LiON Battery Pack.

๐Ÿ”˜ TESLA needs to accommodate their “X and S early adopters” with a 400 Mile Range Model X and S Cars, call these costs “an Investment for the Future of Tesla.” Many of the Model X and S cars are delivered on 36 month leases. When they come back at the lease maturity, the Next Tesla Owner may want a commuter Model X or S with modest Range, or the Next Owner may want Max Range. Tesla cannot “hammer” the next owners with a $20,000 up-charge for 150 Miles of Range increase…

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla’s Model X and Model S Cars Run on 7,104 individual LiON Cells. It’s hard to Believe that Tesla’s 5,200 pound Luxury Car runs on thousands of Flash-Light batteries, literally 7 thousand of them. The currently discussed increase in capacity of the “LiON Battery” to the 100 kWh Capacity, albeit involving thousands of LiOn cells, is accomplished by re-Engineering the individual Cell structure and composition of rare-earths (in Tesla’s new Gigafactory) rather than simply adding more Cells.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Cars โ€“ Recall most of the entire “floor-board” for the Model X and Model S Cars, is a Steel-Encased array of 7,104 individual LiON cells, arranged into 16-modules of LiON batteries, where each module contains 444 LiON cells, delivering 25vDC. Each module contains 6 Rows of 74 LiON batteries.

๐Ÿ”˜ Battery LiON Cells Count and the LiON Power Math, both relatively simple: The LiON battery Cell count for 16 Modules, each containing 444 LiON Cells: {16x(6×74)=7,104}. The Electric Math is simple too: 16 Modules delivering 25vDC each, equates to 400vDC: {16x25vDC=400vDC}. As to Power which equates Amps [times] Volts: 230 Amps at 400vDC delivers 92 kWh of Power. The Power Math: {230×400=92,000} Converting Watts of Power to kWh: {92,000 Watts-Hrs = 92 kWh}

๐Ÿ”˜ A 100 kWh Battery will earn the Model S an EPA Range of 320 Miles, up from 288 miles with the 90 kWh battery. Earlier in 2016, Tesla removed the 85 kWh battery option on new orders [as of mid-May] and streamlined its Model S battery options to 70 kWh and 90 kWh, similar to what’s available on the Model X.

๐Ÿ”˜ Think about this โ€“ imagine Buying a $95,000 luxury car with a 12.9 Gallon Gas tank โ€“ that’s a comparison to Tesla’s current Max Battery options today โ€“ it’s just NOT Enough Juice. Combine a 12.9 Gallon Gas Tank comparison with the lack of a suitable network of FAST CHARGER Stations, a true 400 mile range must be Tesla’s Target, a 125 kWh battery in my opinion.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla’s GigaFactory has created a new LiON Cell: 20mm in diameter by 70mm tall, their unique 20700 LiON Cell. This new technology is reported to deliver 33% greater power than its sister cell the 18650 LiON Cell (used in the 2015 Model S cars), at no additional material cost. Therefore, if TESLA substitutes the 7,104 LiON 18650 cells with 7,104 LiON 20700 cells, then the Model S and Model X would have a 125kWh battery delivering a 400 mile range…

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Model S Commuter Car. Those Model S drivers that desire a 200 Mile Range Car, fine, a 60kWh Battery is perfect for these drivers. My suggestion, build all Model S cars with a 100kWh battery (or a 125kWh battery) and “software-limit” its capacity to 60 kWh. After all, in three years or so, if the Next Model S Owner wants a longer range battery, the car already has a Longer-Range battery, which can be “software unlocked” from 60kWh.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla has a 100 kWh Battery “On the Bench” at their Nevada GigaFactory. A “technically inclined” member of the Tesla community, Jason Hughes, recently hacked into his [personally owned Model S] onboard [Car] computer software; Hughes uncovered a string of program-code referencing the “P100D” shield. Hughes asked [tweeted] @ElonMusk directly about the P100D reference, Musk did respond, however, without denying the P100D possibility.

๐Ÿ”˜ Range for the 100 kWh Battery โ€“ Let’s extrapolate for the 288 Mile range known for the 90 kWh Battery, results in 320 Mile Range for the 100 kWh battery. [(288รท90)x100=320] Extrapolating for a 125 kWh Battery whose range would be 400 Miles, [(288รท90)x125=400] Compare 400 Mile Electric Range to what you’d get with a Gas Tank [at 22 mpg], 125 kWh Battery is equivalent to a 18.2 Gallon Tank. BINGO, this is what we need., a LiON Battery that is equivalent to an 18.2 Gallon Gas Car’s Fuel Tank.

๐Ÿ”˜ 400 Mile Range with a 125 kWh Battery, is where Tesla LiON Battery Capacity really needs to be, IMHO. 400 Mile Range should be the “Standard” Battery-pack, with any Lower Range being the “lower price” option. [(288รท90)x125=400].

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Cars should have a 400 Mile rated Range, while the infrastructure of Tesla Chargers continues to expand. Plus it’s common knowledge that EPA ratings exclude operation of certain accessories like Air Conditioning. Turn on the A/C and Sound System, then the Model S Range drops by roughly 11%. Also Tesla recommends that users limit the filling of the battery routinely to “90%” to maximize battery-capacity-life. Therefor, even with an EPA rated 400 mile range, it’s effectively a 360 range, when using Accessories.

๐Ÿ”˜ GigaFactory, Reason #1 โ€“ Magic for Tesla’s Lithium Battery production. Tesla is pressing Hard to deliver hundreds of thousands of Cars per year in the near future. Currently Tesla’s 90 kWh Battery contains literally 7,104 rechargeable LiON Battery Cells [pictured at left], all lined up within 16 modules of 444 cells each.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla is Delivering 75,000 Cars per Year currently. This Year’s [2016] Production Level requires 533 Million LiON Battery Cells, capturing a significant portion of the entire World’s Supply-Line of Lithium Cells. As Tesla delivers more Cars, the demand for LiON Cells increases, if the Supply of LiON Cells remains stable, prices go Up. For Tesla to deliver their Cars at a reasonable Price, Tesla needs to Build both Cars and LiON Batteries.

๐Ÿ”˜ When Tesla Delivers 250,000 Cars late next year [2017 for example] this production level would require 1.77 Billion LiON Battery Cells, more than the entire World’s Supply-Line of Lithium Cells. This is precisely why Tesla built its own Battery Factory in Nevada. Why Nevada?

๐Ÿ”˜ Pure Energy Minerals Limited is under contract with Tesla Motors to mine the primary element continued in LiOn batteries, Lithium from local Nevada lithium mines, relatively close [200 mile circle] to the Factory. This is another reason for the location of their unique Battery Factory. Tesla has agreed to buy Lithium, actually 40,000 Tons of Lithium Hydroxide/Year, a byproduct of the mining process. Tesla chemists will then refine Lithium Hydroxide and purify the Lithium for use in LiON battery chemistry.

๐Ÿ”˜ GigaFactory Reason #2 โ€“ Tesla will Customize the Industry Standard 18650 Lithium Cell. Teslaโ€“Panasonic venture will “tweaked” the (A) 18650 LiON Cell, by making it 2mm larger in Diameter and 5mm taller, creating the new 20700 Cell and (B) tweaking the Anode, Cathode, and Chemistry of the Cell.

๐Ÿ”˜ Lithium Battery Development is a very Big Deal as we’re talking about several BILLION batteries Annually. The resultant increase in the Cell size [10%] will deliver 133% More Power without increasing cost due to up-scaling production. This is how Tesla gets to a 125 kWh Battery with the similar cost as the 90 kWh battery. The other benefit Tesla can deliver a 220 mile range battery [60 kWh] for the Model 3, at a significantly lower cost, relatively speaking.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla 120 kWh Battery is on the way, it’s a matter of when. This will Drive the Model S and X to a 400 mile range, the ideal comfort-range, particularly with everyone being “afraid of running out of juice.”

๐Ÿ”˜ Around Town, not many folks have issues with the 90 kWh Battery or the new 100 kWh capacity Battery, assuming they have home-garage chargers. However, if you are traveling 200 miles out of town, Current Tesla Capacities are NOT sufficient for COMFORT. When one spends $100k for a very attractive Car, a beautiful package of engineering…

๐Ÿ”˜ Worrying about your Model X Running out of Juice, is not where we want to be. We believe Elon Musk gets it, on this point.

๐Ÿ”˜ EPA determined Tesla Model S 90D Electric Car earned a Milage Rating: 101eMPG City : 107eMPG Highway, 103 eMPG overall. These figures are amazing for a 5,000+ pound luxury electric Car. eMPG is the petroleum-fuel-equivalency, for rating Electric Powered Cars. The 3 TESLA’s Electric Propulsion Cars, the Model-S, Model-X, and the new Model-3, Cost Lower than 3ยฝยข per Mile Driven for all Tesla Electric Cars [EPA Chart below].

Donation Link โ€“ In preparation of these articles, hours of research, image editing and the graphics used to amplify your reading. Tender Donation, use LINK Below

PayPal’s Donations Page
https://goo.gl/A9Qneb

๐Ÿ”‹ Fuel Cost for TESLA’s Electric Propulsion Cars. Today’s Cost of Electricity averages 9.338ยข per Kilowatt Hour, in Florida. The Cost to operate TESLA’s Electric Cars at the current electric Utility charge of 9.338ยข/kWh is on average $725 for 15,000 miles driven (see EPA chart below)

๐Ÿ›ข Electricity Cost of 9.338ยข/kWh equals 3ยฝยข/mile driven for Tesla Model S, Model X and Model 3 Electric Cars (with No exhaust fumes containing COโ‚‚ & CO, plus No Noxious Gasses, No Soot discharged into our atmosphere).

๐Ÿ›ข Fuel Cost for Gasoline Powered Cars with 300hp Engines consumes on average 22MPG, miles per gallon. Therefor, for each 15,000 miles driven, 625 Gallons of gasoline are consumed (with Exhaust Fumes containing COโ‚‚ and CO, Noxious Gasses and Soot, that are discharged into the atmosphere).

๐Ÿ›ข Current Gas Prices are a Low of $2.25/Gallon, then the Cost to drive 15,000 miles is $1,406 or 9.35ยข per Mile Driven with Gasoline Engine Powered Cars.

๐Ÿ›ข Several Years ago Gasoline prices were over $4.25 per Gallon; We may likely experience similar increased Gasoline prices again in a few years. Therefor, for the same 15,000 miles driven, and the same 625 Gallons of Gas purchased (for 22mpg Cars) the Gasoline Cost would increase to $2,656 (at $4.25/Gallon of Gasoline).

๐Ÿ›ข $4.25/Gallon Gas equates to 17.75ยข per Mile Driven. Notice the examples for the Cost of Gasoline followed by the Cost of Electricity and their respective Driving Costs/Mile. Values for Gas cost/mile 10.40ยข/mile for Electric Car cost/mile 3.34ยข/mile [as of May, 2016].

Gasoline Powered Cars: 24mpg Engines: Cost for Mile Driven

๐Ÿ›ข $2.00 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 8.30ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $2.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 9.35ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $2.50 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 10.40ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $2.75 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 11.45ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $3.00 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 12.50ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $3.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 13.55ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $3.50 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 14.60ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $3.75 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 15.65ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $4.00 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 16.70ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $4.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 17.75ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $4.50 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 18.80ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $4.75 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 19.85ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $5.00 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 20.90ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $5.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 21.95ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $5.50 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 23.00ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $5.75 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 24.05ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ›ข $6.00 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 24.10ยข / Mile Driven


https://www.fpl.com/rates/pdf/residential-explanation.pdf

TESLA Electric Cars: 90 kWh LiON Battery: Cost / Mile Driven

๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 09ยข / kWh: 3.35ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 9.3ยข / kWh: 3.48ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 10ยข / kWh: 3.72ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 11ยข / kWh: 4.09ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 12ยข / kWh: 4.46ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 13ยข / kWh: 4.83ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 14ยข / kWh: 5.20ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 15ยข / kWh: 5.58ยข / Mile Driven
๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 16ยข / kWh: 5.95ยข / Mile Driven

๐Ÿ›ข Gasoline price fluctuations, do not directly relate to the current 12ยข/kWh Electrical Power Costs to the Public, according to the EPA. A significant portion of Nation’s Electrical Power Generation is fueled by four main sources other than the thousands of Petroleum (Oil or Diesel) Fueled Power Plants, plus a number of Geo Thermal, Wind and Solar Powered Plants, according to current EPA statistics:

(A) 99 Nuclear Power Reactors in 30 States
(B) 557 Coal Powered Electric Power Plants
(C) 7,304 Natural Gas Powered Electric Plants, plus
(D) 2,540 HydroElectric Powered Dams in the USA.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Model S History and Now โ€“ Tesla Model S was styled by Franz von Holzhausen, who previously worked for Mazda North American Operations. The car was codenamed WhiteStar during research and preliminary development. The Model S was announced in a press release on June 30, 2008. The prototype vehicle was displayed at a press conference on March 26, 2009, pictured above.

๐Ÿ”˜ In February 2008 Tesla Motors was planning to offer a range-extended version of its Model S. This version would have included a gasoline engine to extend the driving range of the vehicle; but it was promptly removed in a later revision. At the GoingGreen conference in September 2008 Tesla’s CEO, Elon Musk, announced that Tesla was developing only all-electric cars.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla manufactures the Model S at its 5ยฝ Million square foot Tesla Factory in Fremont, California. For the European market, Tesla assembles and distributes from its European Distribution Center in Tilburg, the Netherlands. Cars are built and tested in Fremont, California. The battery pack, the electric motor and parts are disassembled and shipped separately to Tilburg, where the cars are reassembled, a 203,000 sq ft industrial building that also serves as a workshop and spare parts warehouse. Tesla expects the Model S to “pay back” the energy that went into producing the car in fewer than 10,000 miles.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Model S is a full-sized all-electric five-door, luxury liftback, produced by Tesla Motors, and introduced in June 2012. Tesla’s Model S scored a perfect 5.0 NHTSA automobile safety rating. (http://goo.gl/TJ7jbV) The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) official range for the 2012 Model S Performance model equipped with an 85 kWh battery pack is 265 miles, higher than any other electric car at the time. EPA rates its energy consumption at 38 kWh/100 mi for a combined fuel economy of 104 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Model S became the first electric car to top the monthly new car sales ranking in any country, twice leading in Norway, in September and again in December 2013, and also in Denmark in December 2015. Global Model S sales passed the 100,000 Model S sales Milestone in December 2015.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Model S ranked as the world’s best selling plug-in electric vehicle in 2015, up from second best in 2014. The Model S also ranked as the top selling plug-in electric car in the U.S. in 2015. As of December 2015, the leading markets are the United States with a 60% share of global sales and Norway with 9.4%. Other leading country markets are China, the Netherlands, Canada, Denmark, Germany, and Switzerland. As of December 2015, the Model S ranks as the world’s second best selling plug-in car in history after the Nissan Leaf.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Tesla Model S won awards including the 2013 World Green Car of the Year, 2013 Motor Trend Car of the Year, Automobile magazine’s 2013 Car of the Year, Time Magazine Best 25 Inventions of the Year 2012 award and Consumer Reports’ top-scoring car ever. In 2015, Car and Driver named the Model S the Car of the Century.

๐Ÿ”˜ In 2016 Tesla has completely updated design of Model S. Model S nose now looks more like the Model 3. Also, 60 and 85 versions are now discontinued. Only 70, 70D and 90D versions are available. In May 2016, the 75 and 75D versions became available. Facelifted 70 and 70D Model S owners have the option to ‘unlock’ the 75 kWh capacity, adding up to 19 miles per charge.

๐Ÿ”˜ ๐Ÿš˜ AutoPilot Trained with 50 Million Miles of Driving Experience ๐Ÿ”˜ Co-PILOT for Tesla DRIVERS ๐Ÿ”˜ Autonomous Driving Soon ๐Ÿš˜ UPDATE 3 ๐Ÿš˜ ๐Ÿš˜ ๐Ÿš˜

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla AutoPilot is NOW the Co-Pilot for all Tesla Drivers โ€“ AutoPilot having over 50 Million Miles of “Driving Experience under its Belt.” AutoPilot serves all Tesla Drivers as their Personal Driving Assistant, like a Co-Pilot. As excellent as it is, AutoPilot is still in its initial Beta form into 2017.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Future of the Personal Driving Experience is True Autonomous Driving, which may come sooner than many expect. My guess, Tesla would like AutoPilot to be released from Beta concurrent with Model 3 emerging from the Production Line Q4.2017

๐Ÿ”˜ Think of Tesla Model S and Model X AutoPilot feature, as being similar to the Autopilot in a Commercial Airliner. In world of Aviation, the Pilot manually Backs-out the Airplane from the Gate or Hanger, Taxies onto the Runway, performs the Take-Off [a High-Skills portion of the Flight], the Captain continues to “Pilot” the Airplane with Hands-on-the-Wheel at all times, until the flight is “stabilized” into the Flight-Plan’s route. Once the flight has completed the Take-Off routine and is on its flight-plan [the FAA’s “highway lane” in the sky] the Pilot engages the [aircraft version] of Autopilot to handle the “tedious” portion of the Flight, maintaining altitude, course, and tracking all the “vital signs” of the aircraft, it’s engines, fuel levels, temperatures, cabin pressure and temp… Tesla is apparently styling their AutoPilot System similarly.

๐Ÿ”˜ Predictions: Elon Musk is totally “Driven to deliver true Autonomous Tesla Cars,” and to deliver attractive, affordable, high performance, electric Cars for the Mass Market. Tesla, having received over 400,000 Model 3 Reservations with $1,000 deposits, (represents $400 million in cash deposits) Tesla’s affordable $35,000 Car will begin emerging from its Fremont, California Production Line in late 2017; so it seems that Tesla’s desire for “mass market” appeal is a reality. Elon Musk says, when it begins to contact the first portion of the reservation-list, customers will be directed to Tesla’s Design Center. As the Model 3 is not ready yet, this is the Design Center link for the Model S: https://goo.gl/GKAIoa

๐Ÿ”˜ Model 3 Buyer Options โ€“ Musk estimates that Buyers of the Model 3 will likely add several options, for roughly $8000. Here a few of the Options that may be available for the Model 3: Long Range Battery, All Wheel Drive, AutoPilot, Smart Air-Suspension, Ultra High-fidelity Sound package, to name a few. This is a link to the Design Center for the Model S, as the Model 3 Design and Options tool is will not be ready until mid-2017: https://goo.gl/GKAIoa

๐Ÿ”˜ Model 3 Update โ€“ Recent reports from Tesla Motors indicate that by early July, 2016, all the remaining “Model 3 engineering decisions will be made,” finalizing the Model 3 production design. This Milestone sets into motion the fabrication of 8000 unique parts in the supply-line, to assemble the New Model 3.

๐Ÿ”˜ Next, is Autonomous Driving, to accomplish [selectable] autonomous driving, Tesla is collecting massive levels of Driving-Data, for Two primary purposes
(1) Prove Safety Statistically, with Tesla’s AutoPiloting Systems engaged, incident-free, safe-driving is significantly improved, as compared to unassisted Human Driving
(2) Train the AutoPilot to further Improve its Prediction Accuracy
(โ€ขโ€ข) With 50 million mile data-set has been Assimilated [a 6 month driving sample] the Frequency of Accidents is 50% Lower with AutoPilot engaged, as compared to Drivers not engaging AutoPilot, according to Elon Musk.

๐Ÿ”˜ Decreasing Driving-Incidents by 50% using AutoPilot that’s still in Beta form is astounding. The Insurance industry is taking notice. Combine these factors with Tesla’s assembly of
(A) Best software engineers
(B) Best mechanical engineers
(C) Tesla’s 50% increase in the size of its Fleet of Cars on the Roads, delivering Driving-Data back to Tesla’s MainFrame Computers
(D) Tesla’s collection and assimilation of the Next 50 million mile Data-Set, will occur exponentially faster
(โ€ขโ€ข) Accordingly, Tesla hopefully will release its Software Iterations more rapidly [current version is 7.1] incorporating exciting new features, improved reliability, performing more tasks semi-Autonomously.

๐Ÿ”˜ So the Cycle of Teaching AutoPilot continues, as Tesla DRIVERS Teach their AutoPilots, how to Drive Better and Better. See, it’s Tesla Driver Intervention with AutoPilot’s errant predictions, that teaches the AutoPilot; Tesla engineers assimilate these occurrences, then the entire Fleet of Tesla Cars are updated with the “Lessons Learned.” This is the nature of Computer-Machine Learning.

๐Ÿ”˜ Model S and Model X AutoPilot Software is designed to actually “Learn to Drive Better.” Over 100,000 Tesla Drivers are actually training the AutoPilot system every Day, so the Software becomes better over time. Next year there will be over 200,000 Tesla Drivers training the AutoPilot. The latest software update 7.1 allows Model S and Model X Cars to use its unique array of cameras, radar, ultrasonic sensors, GPS and an increasing Data-Base of Driving-Data, to automatically steer down the highway, change lanes, recognize cars around it, adjust speed, and maneuver in response to traffic conditions.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Drivers are Teaching their “Cars to Drive Better,” literally. Tesla’s 1Q/16 Car Software update 7.1, has increased the Driverโ€™s confidence behind the wheel with features to help the Car avoid hazards and reduce the driverโ€™s workload when driving on Tedious, Boring, Stop-and-Go portions of a Commute or Road-Trip. While Model S or X canโ€™t make traffic disappear, AutoPilot can make Driving a whole lot easier, safer, less tedious, and more pleasant to endure. Once youโ€™ve arrived at your destination, Model S & X scans for a parking space and parallel parks on your command. https://goo.gl/0EeVt1

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoPilot features a Dynamic real-time Instrument cluster with a Driver-Focused design showing current information the Car is utilizing to “intelligently” determine the vehicle’s behavior in the moment relative to its surrounding traffic conditions. The instrument panel provides a real-time computer-drawn “moving visuals” of the road, bending left, straightening, bending right, etc., the driving Lanes detected by the Carโ€™s 360ยบ array of sensors. AutoPilot is delivering to the Driver the same information that the Car’s Computer is utilizing to execute center-of-the-Lane Stability, Lane Departure, Blind-Spot Detection, Speed Assist, Auto-Collision Maneuvering, Following distances, graphical Collision Warnings, Adaptive Cruise, and AutoSteer. https://goo.gl/UrMIQC

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoSteer (presently in Beta form) maintains the Car Centered in the Current Lane, and engages Traffic-Aware Cruise Control to maintain the Carโ€™s Speed. Using a variety of measures including Steering Angle, Steering Rate, and Speed to determine the appropriate operation; AutoSteer assists the Driver, making the driving experience easier.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla’s AutoPilot requires Drivers to remain Engaged and Aware when Autosteer is enabled. Drivers must keep their Hands on the Steering Wheel, as there are Tactile Sensors imbedded in the the Steering Wheel, verifying the Driver’s “Hands on the Wheel.”

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoPilot issues an Alarm and Disengages if the System doesn’t recognize the Driver’s hands on the steering wheel, AutoPilot will Display a Warning message, deliver a Chime, and auto-disengage AutoPilot. Since AutoSteer software is in “beta form” Tesla does not want their Drivers to “overly rely” on the AutoPilot’s traffic and road Predictions. As AutoPilot becomes “smarter” [perhaps with another 100 million miles of machine training] the Full-Time Hands-On-The-Wheel requirement may be relaxed [my guess]. https://goo.gl/o7Zspe

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Software release 7.1 expands AutoPilot functionality and introduces the 1st Iteration of the Summon feature. Using Summon… once you arrive home and you exit Model S or Model X, you may Stop your car at the Front Door, everyone exits the Car, and the Driver Prompts the Car to do the rest autonomously, namely
(A) The Car Opens Garage door
(B) The Car Drives into Garage
(C) The Car Parks itself
(D) The Car Closes Garage Door
(E) The Car Shuts itself down
(F) The Car Locks all 4 Doors
(โ€ขโ€ข) Imagine the convenience of Summoning your Car to your precise location, when it’s Raining, as it drives itself to the Front Door of the Restaurant, under the Portico awaiting you and your guests entry into the Car. https://goo.gl/EL9Nqo

๐Ÿ”˜ Using Summon again โ€“ In the morning, you wake up, get dressed, make coffee, Summon your Tesla with your iPhone App, Get your Cup of Coffee, Walk out the front door, and your car is at your Front Door waiting for you to Board the Car. The Car’s System will Open your Garage door, back-out of the Garage, Close the Garage Door, and Summon then drives itself to your location, ready for your Drive. More broadly, Summon eliminates the burden of having to squeeze in and out of tight parking spots. During the current 1st Beta stage of Summon, Tesla would prefer customers to become familiar with “Summon” only on private property.

๐Ÿ”˜ “Autonomous Self-Valet-Parking” the Next Step for Summon feature. How nice, no more giving your keys to Strangers, as they celebrate “Joy-Riding in your very special car,” while you’re Dining. The Tesla Car will locate a viable Parking Spot and park itself, then lock itself, then turn itself OFF. When you are finished, Exit the Restaurant Summon your Car to your precise position. Tesla version 7.1 is in “beta” and cannot “Self Valet” yet…

๐Ÿ”˜ According to Tesla, your Car will eventually be able to drive anywhere around the Corner, the City, the County, or perhaps further, to meet you, even self-charging along the way. Your Tesla Car will be able to Sync with your Calendar so your Car knows exactly where & when to arrive at your Home, Office, Country Club, or Hotel…

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Computer Software v7.1 release is the Next Step towards Tesla’s Goal of developing fully Autonomous Driving capabilities with delivery through over-the-air software updates, keeping Tesla customers at the forefron of driving technology.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla’s Auto-Steering is a strategically Important Component of AutoPilot’s capability, utilizing a 360ยบ Array of Sensors, and WiFi and 3G connectivity at all times
(A) Forward Facing Radar
(B) twelve Long-Range 360ยบ Ultra-Sonic Sonar Sensors
(C) High Definition Front-Facing Stereo Digital Camera
(D) High-Resolution GPS
(E) Tesla’s Ultra-High Definition Mapping, coupled
(F) Precision Electro-Mechanical Servo-Controled Steering, Breaking, Speed-Control Systems. https://goo.gl/Ob7PYe

๐Ÿš˜ Let’s take a Pause and have some FUN โ€“ Congratulations, as you’ve read our article to this point. Now it’s time to take a brief break before moving to the next chapter. Check out this YouTube Video of Tesla’s Model S “Test” Driving with “Insane” Mode engaged: https://youtu.be/vFwxlCp_wpU

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoPilot Serves as the Driver’s Co-Pilot rendering Tesla Cars to Drive Safer. AutoPilot is Capable of
(1) Interpreting Stop Signs, Road Signs, and Speed Limit Signs using Optical and Object Character Recognition
(2) “Visualizing” Cars and Objects surrounding the Car
(3) Recognition and Compliance with Traffic Signals
(4) Identification of Road Lanes
(5) Auto-Lane Changing
(6) Auto-Steering, Centers the Car’s path within Lanes
(7) Maintains your SET Speed
(8) Maintains a Safe [selectable 1 to 7 Car lengths] Following Distance
(9) Car’s Sensor Array “Scans a full 360ยบ Perimeter” around the Car in Real-Time for Collision Avoidance and Blind-Spot Maneuvering… The Frontiers for AutoPiloting of Tesla Cars. https://goo.gl/Ob7PYe

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Cars with AutoPilot Software Installed and activated, AutoPilot’s features help to relieve Drivers from the most tedious and potentially dangerous aspects of road travel. Tesla combines a
(A) High-resolution Forward facing Camera
(B) RADAR
(C) Array of 12 Long-range Sonar Sensors
(D) GPS telemetry
(D) Ultra-high Definition Mapping [100-times more precise than typical GPS mapping], combined with electro-mechanical assists for braking and steering system to “automatically drive” your Model S on an Open Road and in dense Stop-and-Go Traffic.

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoPilot hardware is now built into all Model S, X, and Model 3 Cars, whether or not you purchase the AutoPilot software Option. AutoPilot system is activated with the installation of the AutoPilot software tech-package into Tesla’s Car Computer system [ $2500 option] when configured at the time of Car Purchase, [$3000 if AutoPilot is installed after the purchase].

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla’s AutoPilot feature currently gives the Car partial-Autonomy, and when the AutoPilot Software is activated the “system” is 50% safer than Human Drivers, according to 50 million miles of Driving-Data assembled by Tesla’s Chief Executive Elon Musk’s software engineers. The probability of having an accident is 50% lower if you have Autopilot Engaged… said Musk, speaking at an energy conference in Oslo, Norway. Even with the current initial beta-versions, AutoPilot is about twice the Safety Record as compared to a Driver without AutoPilot assistance.

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoPilot Warning: “Keep your Hands on the Wheel”. AutoPilot is currently in “beta form” and Tesla’s dashboard Warning Message states “Keep your hands on the steering wheel at all times, and be ready to take Control of the Car.” The AutoPilot system is continuously LEARNING. The “System Learns” when a Driver Corrects the Path of the Car, when necessary. All the corrective actions taken by the Driver are assembled with the digital data from Tesla’s onboard Computer, GPS, Radar, Sensors, and Camera, and Transmitted to Tesla’s Mother Ship for analysis and potential integration into the next AutoPilot update version.

๐Ÿ”˜ 50 Million Miles of Driving Data has been Collected in 6 Months. This Data is “Training the AutoPilot” as it formulates improved Driving Algorithms for the Software. Tesla’s entire Fleet of Cars with AutoPilot engaged, are collecting Driving-Data, the actions of the Driver, as compared to the actions the AutoPilot predicted. If differences occur, where the Driver took over control of the AutoPilot, this is a potential “Training Event” that is transmitted to “Tesla’s Mother Ship” for assessment and assimilation. As improved Driving Algorithms are developed, Software updates are delivered by the Cell System back to the entire Fleet of Tesla Cars. Tesla’s “Learning Machine” is a continuous Cycle of data Collection, Assimilation, Assessment, Integration, Update the Fleet, with a continuous streaming of Millions of Miles of Precision Driving.

๐Ÿ”˜ Drawing on Early Data from Tesla’s cars, Musk said that the average number of Miles Driven by a Car Between Accidents was almost doubled when Autopilot was engaged. These results are from Tesla’s first generation of Autopilot, which owners have been using. Tesla drivers using AutoPilot, have driven over 50 Million Miles since AutoPilot was launched October, 2015.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla AutoPilot software obtains data from HD Video Cameras, Radar, a 360ยบ Array of 12 Long Range Ultrasonic Sensors to perform basic functions, including steering on a Highways, Lane Changing, adjusting Speed in response to varying traffic conditions, or simply parking the Car. AutoPilot technology (the hardware component of the AutoPilot) is pre-built into every recent Model of the company’s Cars, from July, 2015 and all 2016 Cars. The Software package is designed to “Continuously Learn how to Drive Better” and therefor AutoPilot will continue improve with time.

๐Ÿ”˜ Musk expects the 2nd Version of AutoPilot, a Fully Autonomous AutoPilot version of its Driving Software will be Significantly Safer than the current AutoPilot technology. Less than 2 years away from being released, the 2nd Generation of Tesla’s Autopilot will require regulatory approval; Tesla must Demonstrate to the DOT that AutoPilot is (A) relatively Simple for average Drivers to implement, and (B) is “Definitively” Safer as compared to all Human Drivers, not having engaged AutoPilot.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Insurance Industry is Extremely Interested in the continued Success of Tesla’s AutoPilot. AutoPilot improves the Driver’s experience
(1) Driving Safety, averts boredom and tedium
(2) Collision Avoidance, with 360ยบ sensor Array
(3) Decrease the number of driving accidents
(4) Decreasing the Degree of personal injury
(5) Decrease property damages
(*) The day may come, when motor vehicles may be required to have a minimum level of hardware-sensors with AutoPiloting assistance for Drivers. It seems that Tesla is setting the Standards for AutoPiloting driver-assistance.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla is Collecting a Huge DataBase of high-resolution Driving-Data to demonstrate “that the Safety Level is significantly Improved, by a meaningful margin, when AutoPilot Autonomous Mode is Engaged, versus AutoPilot with Autonomous mode turned off.”

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoPilot enabled Tesla Cars are Safer than Human Drivers… or is this a high-tech Marketing Gimmick? A video surfaced in early April, 2016 that showed a Tesla Model S Autopilot prevented a Highway Collision with a Utility Truck (positioned in the Driver’s “Blind Spot”) that cut sharply in front of the Model S. The Model S was riding on a highway in the Right Lane; a White Utility Truck aggressively moved from the Center-Lane to Right-Lane (as the Tesla Car was positioned in the Truck’s “Blind Spot”); This Event, both vehicles becoming dangerously Close, was detected by AutoPilot’s perimeter Sensor Array, and caused the Model S to instantly “Auto-Steer” the Tesla Car enough distance to the Right, combined with “Auto-Speed” control, to avoid the Truck’s contact with the Tesla Car.

๐Ÿ”˜ The iPhone Video of the above potential “Event” shows the Model S collision avoidance system “sensed” a vehicle moving to an unsafe distance, and triggered a corrective action by its Auto-Steering to the Right, to avoid the Utility Truck, as it pulled out in front of the Model S. Coincidentally, the Model S occupant was cell-phone video-recording their new Model S on the Highway having engaged the AutoPilot, and shortly thereafter, the Truck near-collision incident occurred. Video Clip: https://goo.gl/OLQAJI

๐Ÿ”˜ How Does Tesla’s AutoPilot Work โ€“ Model S AutoPilot’s system is Continuously Learning and Improving, due to the procedure of (A) Machine Learning computer algorithms, (B) the carโ€™s wireless [cellular] real-time, always-on connection, (C) ultra-high-resolution mapping (D) sensor-array data that each Tesla Car collects, (D) Driver Data and AutoPilot’s Predictions are Transmitted to “Tesla’s Mother Ship” for Processing and Assimilation into the next version of AutoPilot. Within the recent 6 months, more than 50 Million Miles of Driving Data has been processed by Tesla for improvements to its AutoPilot software system.

๐Ÿ”˜ Machine Learning Algorithms, the latest in sophisticated computer technology, where computers Assimilate super-large Data-sets, Analysis of massive levels of Data, Elimination of Spurious Data, Create improved Precision Algorithms, then implement the Algorithms, making for Improved Precision high-confidence Predictions.

๐Ÿ”˜ Computers delivering Precision high-confidence Predictions is the essence of Machine Learning, resulting in computer-speed “Micro-Second Reaction Time” form of highly specialized artificial intelligence. With Human intelligence, improved performance, is accomplished with Education, Training, Practice. With Computers, Learning occurs with Millions of Cycles of Assimilating massive Data Sets into Precision Algorithms, Elimination of the spurious Data, delivering super-high-confidence Predictions;then rewrite Precision Algorithms, Distribute back to the Fleet of Cars, in the case of AutoPilot. And these Cycles are repeated creating even more precision-high-Confidance Predictions.

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoPilot Machine Learning is the method that Tesla Car Computers can become artificially intelligent, as the AutoPilot technology is a form of AI. โ€œThe entire Tesla fleet of Cars operates as a large network of “Tesla Car Computers” collecting very-high-resolution digital data. When one Tesla Car learns something, the entire Fleet learn it. “This is far beyond what other car companies are doingโ€ says Elon Musk.

๐Ÿ”˜ When it comes to the AutoPilot software, Musk explained that each driver using the AutoPilot System essentially becomes an “Expert Trainer” for how the AutoPilot should work. To create a self-driving car, Tesla’s AutoPilot, has logged and transmitted back to Tesla Mainframes, over 50 million miles of driving Videos and Data into Tesla’s Computer Data Model, which creates a Massive digital vocabulary about driving events. The resultant algorithms use “visual” techniques to Assimilate the video-data to understand traffic and driver events. The Goal for AutoPilot, when something unexpected happens โ€” a ball rolls into the street โ€” AutoPilot can recognize the specific pattern, and will react accordingly (because a child may also be running into the street after the ball, as an example).

๐Ÿ”˜ The Data from Tesla Drivers is enabled by the hardware systems that Tesla has configured. All Tesla Cars built from mid-2015 through 2016, have (A) 12 ultrasonic sensors located on the lower circumference of the vehicle, (B) a front-facing digital camera mounted above the rear-view mirror, (C) a Radar System center-mounted below the front-nosecone. These three sensing systems are constantly collecting high-resolution Data to help the AutoPilot work on the roads, but this System also amasses Data that will make Tesla AutoPilot systems Learn, and operate with more precision in the future.

๐Ÿ”˜ Because each of Teslaโ€™s Cars have an always-on wireless Cellular connection to “Tesla’s Mother Ship,” data from driving and using AutoPilot is collected and uploaded into the Tesla Cloud, and analyzed with sophisticated software algorithms. With AutoPilot, Tesla assimilates the data from Tesla Cars using the its Automated Steering and Lane Change Systems, uses this Data to train its AutoPilot algorithms. Tesla then assembles these algorithms, tests them, and incorporates the new Driving Algorithms into upcoming software downloads to the entire fleet of Tesla Cars’ onboard Computers.

๐Ÿ”˜ Currently Tesla has downloading Version 7.1 software. This download is multi-hour events that occurs between 2am and 4am, or as Drivers schedule. Elon Musk said that Tesla is collecting much more detailed high-precision mapping data for its automated steering and lane change applications as compared to what is available through the standard navigation technology. To meet its needs, Tesla has started to build its own Ultra-high-precision Mapping Data that is 100-Times the level of granularity, compared to standard commercially available navigation systems, using [mostly] data from Tesla Cars driving on roads and data from Tesla engineers driving research cars.

๐Ÿ”˜ AUTOSTEER & AUTO LANE CHANGE โ€“ Autopilot displays a “Steering Wheel Icon located next to the speed display in the instrument cluster will appear Grey. Pull the Cruise Control lever towards you Once to engage the Traffic-Aware Cruise Control, and pull it Twice to activate AutoSteer. The steering wheel icon will now turn from Gray to Blue. AutoSteer keeps the vehicle in the current lane [the driving Lanes are illuminated with Blue Lines] and maintains the vehicleโ€™s speed. However, you must still keep your hands on the steering wheel so you are prepared to take control of the vehicle at any moment during changing road and traffic conditions.

๐Ÿ”˜ When AutoSteer is activated, you can change lanes by engaging the turn signal, and your Model S will move itself to the adjacent lane, only when itโ€™s safe to do so. AutoPilot’s 360ยบ perimeter sonar sensors detect when it’s clear for a Lane Change.

๐Ÿ”˜ AUTOPARK โ€“ When traveling below 15mph, a Grey “P” will appear on the instrument cluster when your Model S detects a parking spot next to you. Put the vehicle into reverse and โ€œAutoPark Readyโ€ will appear on the touchscreen. Once activated, your Model S will begin to park itself by controlling steering and vehicle speed.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Model S Driver Joshua Brown said “It was a mistake on the Truck driver’s part. He did not look or know I was next to him, until I honked my horn” Joshua Brown, recently uploaded the video to YouTube: https://goo.gl/OLQAJI

Model S demonstration of Acceleration and AutoPilot: https://goo.gl/1J05X8. Elon Musk demonstrating Dual Motor Acceleration and AutoPilot: https://goo.gl/lyNmCU. Demonstration of AutoPilot software version 7: https://goo.gl/NvLFmk and https://goo.gl/uh95ry

๐Ÿ”˜ Model S Equipped with Driver Assistance components and Autopilot Tech Package, the Forward looking Camera and the Radar sensor are designed to determine when there is a vehicle in front of you in the same lane. If the area in front of Model S is clear, Traffic-Aware Cruise Control maintains a SET driving speed. When a vehicle is detected, Traffic-Aware Cruise Control is designed to slow down Model S as needed to maintain a selected distance from the vehicle in front, up to the set speed. Traffic-Aware Cruise Control does not eliminate the need to watch the road in front of you and to apply the brakes when needed. Traffic-Aware Cruise Control is primarily intended for driving on dry, relatively straight roads, such as highways and freeways. It should not be used on city streets.

๐Ÿ”˜ Traffic-Aware Cruise Control is designed for Driving Comfort and Convenience, and is not currently “promoting” AutoPilot as a Collision Warning or Avoidance System [although there are numerous YouTube examples of Collision Avoidance by AutoPilot]. Since Auto-Steering” is currently in “Beta form” It is the Driver’s responsibility to stay alert, drive safely, and be in control of the vehicle at all times. Never depend on Traffic-Aware Cruise Control to adequately slow down Model S. Always watch the road in front of you and be prepared to take corrective action at all times. Failure to do so can result in serious injury or death. The instrument panel displays a gray speedometer icon on the left side of the driving speed to indicate that Traffic-Aware Cruise Control is available but the cruising speed has not been set. Unless a vehicle is detected ahead of you, you must be driving at least 18 mph to use Traffic-Aware Cruise Control. If a vehicle is detected ahead of you, you can use Traffic-Aware Cruise Control at any speed, even when stationary. When driving at your desired speed, set the cruising speed by moving the cruise-control lever up or down (or pulling it briefly toward you), then releasing.

๐Ÿ”˜ The speedometer icon on the instrument panel turns blue and displays the set speed to indicate that Traffic-Aware Cruise Control is actively maintaining the set speed. The Driver may now release-pressure from the accelerator pedal and allow Traffic-Aware Cruise Control to maintain your set speed. When no vehicle is detected ahead, Traffic-Aware Cruise Control maintains the set speed. If a vehicle is detected, Traffic-Aware Cruise Control maintains your chosen following distance, [user-selectable from 1 to 7 Car lengths] up to the set speed, accelerating and decelerating Model S as needed. When the vehicle you are following is no longer detected, Traffic-Aware Cruise Control accelerates to the set speed. Traffic-Aware Cruise Control also adjusts the speed as appropriate when entering and exiting curves.

๐Ÿ”˜ Adjust your following distance โ€“ To adjust the distance you want to maintain between Model S and a vehicle traveling ahead of you, rotate the cruise control lever to choose a setting from 1 (the closest following distance) to 7 (the longest following distance). Each setting corresponds to a time-based distance that represents how long it takes for Model S, from its current location, to reach the location of the rear bumper of the vehicle ahead. Cruising at the Speed Limit โ€“ Traffic-Aware Cruise Control makes it easy to cruise at the speed limit. Once you’ve initially set a cruising speed, you can adjust the speed to cruise at the speed limit that is currently being determined by Speed Assist. To do so, pull the cruise control lever toward you and hold momentarily (about half a second). When you release, your cruising speed is set to the speed that is automatically or manually being determined by Speed Assist, taking into consideration any setting you have specified. If you are already driving faster than the speed limit when you pull and momentarily hold the lever, the set speed does not adjust to the speed limit, it adjusts to your current driving speed.

๐Ÿ”˜ To increase/decrease speed by 1 mph, move the lever up or down to the first position and release. To increase/decrease speed to the closest 5 mph increment, move the lever up/down to the second position and release. For example, if you are traveling at 57 mph and you move the lever up to the second position and release, the speed increases to 60 mph. You can also increase/decrease speed by holding the lever in the full up/down position and releasing when the desired speed displays below the cruise control icon. To cruise at the speed limit that is currently being determined by Speed Assist (including any o sets that you have set), pull the cruise control lever toward you and hold momentarily (about half a second). It may take a few seconds for Model S to reach the new cruising speed. The Maximum Set Speed is 90 mph.

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoSteer is a BETA feature in Release 7.1. Model S is equipped with Driver Assistance components and the optional Autopilot Tech Package; you can use Autosteer to manage steering and speed under certain circumstances. Autosteer builds upon Traffic-Aware Cruise Control, intelligently keeping Model S in its driving lane when cruising at a set speed. Using the forward looking camera, the radar sensor, and the ultrasonic sensors, Autosteer detects lane markings and the presence of vehicles and objects, steering Model S based on the lane markings and the vehicle directly in front of you.

๐Ÿ”˜ AutoSteer is a hands-on feature. You must keep your hands on the steering wheel at all times. Autosteer is intended for use only on highways and limited-access roads with a fully attentive driver. When using Autosteer, hold the steering wheel and be mindful of road conditions and surrounding traiffc. Do not use Autosteer on city streets or in areas where bicyclists or pedestrians may be present. Never depend on Autosteer to determine an appropriate driving path. Always be prepared to take immediate action. Failure to follow these instructions could cause serious property damage, injury or death.

๐Ÿ”˜ Enable AutoSteer โ€“ the Driver must enable it by touching Controls > Settings > Driver Assistance > Autosteer > Enable. To indicate that Autosteer is available (but not actively steering Model S), the instrument panel displays a gray Autosteer icon on the right side of the driving speed as shown here.

๐Ÿ”˜ To initiate Autosteer, pull the cruise control lever toward you twice in quick succession. Autosteer briefly displays a message on the instrument panel reminding you to pay attention to the road and be ready to take over at any time. To indicate that Autosteer is now actively steering Model S, the instrument panel displays the Autosteer icon in blue. When Autosteer is able to detect lane markings, it also displays the driving lanes in BLUE:

๐Ÿ”˜ To Initiate Autosteer, you must be driving at least 18 mph on a roadway with visible lane markings. If a vehicle is detected ahead of you, you can initiate Autosteer at any speed, even when stationary. In most cases, Autosteer attempts to center Model S in the driving lane. However, if the sensors detect the presence an obstacle (such as a vehicle or guard rail), Autosteer may steer Model S in a driving path that is offset from the center of the lane. In situations where you attempt to engage Autosteer but you are not driving within the required driving speed for Autosteer to operate, or Autosteer is not receiving adequate data from the camera or sensors, a message displays on the instrument panel indicating that Autosteer is temporarily unavailable.

๐Ÿ”˜ Hold Steering Wheel โ€“ AutoSteer uses data from the camera, sensors, and GPS system to determine where to drive. It also requires you to hold the steering wheel. When entering a curve or driving at a high speed, if Autosteer does not detect your hands on the steering wheel, it displays the following message on the instrument panel and eventually sounds a chime: When you see this message, you may need to tighten your grip on the steering wheel. When your hands are detected, Autosteer resumes normal operation. Be careful not to apply any steering. Doing so cancels Autosteer. If Autosteer does not detect your hands on the steering wheel, the Hold Steering Wheel request escalates by sounding two additional chimes. The chimes increase in frequency until Autosteer detects your hands. If no action is taken, Autosteer begins to decelerate Model S and displays the following message on the instrument panel.

๐Ÿ”˜ Take Over Immediately โ€“ In situations where AutoSteer is unable to steer Model S, AutoSteer sounds a warning chime and displays the following message on the instrument panel.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Model S Owners Manual. The Link below directs you to Dropbox that houses a PDF file containing the Model S Operation Manual provided to new Car owners. The sections above are abstracts from “Driver Assistance” section that begins on page 65 of this manual. https://goo.gl/UeGJDI

๐Ÿ”˜ Fuel Economy.Gov site to compare a wide variety of New Cars. https://goo.gl/hoNh52
https://goo.gl/09PL1R

๐Ÿ”˜ TESLA’s Model S, first arrived on the market 4 years ago in June, 2012, when the first Model S rolled off the production line. Four years later on May 1, 2016 the New and Improved Model S Cars are rolling off the production line at a pace of 1000 Cars/Week. The most noticeable change is with the front “Nose Grill” area, the nose-cone.

๐Ÿ”˜ Cosmetics was the primary reason Tesla used a “Front Grill-like” feature in its initial design of the Model S. The nose-grill is non-functional, and was chosen to retain the “look” of traditional Cars. Since there’s no gasoline-combustion engine, and therefor no heat created, and no radiator to dissipate the heat that doesn’t exist… a front Grill to admit air for a radiator is not the function; the front Grill is strictly cosmetic.

๐Ÿ”˜ TESLA’s Mission is to Deliver an Electric Car that “looks like” what everyone expects a Car to look like; and to have their Electric Car perform, as everyone expects a “traditional car to perform”… even though it’s Electric.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Model S concepts are driving forces since 2010, and presently remain a major focus for TESLA. Tesla’s ultimate goal is to deliver affordable Electric Cars for the Mainstream, the Model 3 being Tesla’s first entry into the affordable car for the masses category.

๐Ÿ”˜ TESLA’s all Electric Roadster and Model S proved that an Electric Car can be aesthetically attractive with superior performance. The Model S nose-Grill does not pass ambient-air through, to an Air-Over-Radiator as with Gasoline Engine powered cars. TESLA’s nose-Grill design was strictly cosmetic, as folks expected to see a Grill.

๐Ÿ”˜ Currently, 80,000 Model S Cars have been purchased in the US, for a total of 110,000 Model S deliveries globally. Tesla believes with over $10 Billion in Sales Deliveries of their electric Cars, the non-functional cosmetic grill, may now be replaced with an aerodynamically efficient nosecone. The new “nose” design is currently used in Model X cars, and is planned for Model 3 cars, starting production in late 2017.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Nose-Grill displayed in the May, 2016 Model S is Aerodynamically Superior, to the 2012 Grill, due to its carefully engineering, wind-tunnel tested shape; The 2012 nose-grill was non-functional, with unfavorable aerodynamics; but it was “worth it” to have their electric Cars accepted by the Market, in the face of decades of “Traditional Cars.” Model S new nosecone is the same precision-design wind-tunnel tested nosecone, used for Model X and Model 3.

๐Ÿ”˜ Model 3 Received 400,000 Reservation Deposit Checks, talk about Market Acceptance. The Model 3 is Tesla’s new, affordable $35,000 electric car, with over 400k reservations with $1000 deposits.

๐Ÿ”˜ Imagine this, Tesla has received $400,000,000 in Cash deposits for Model 3, with customers hoping to receive the Model 3, ASAP; however no sooner than “Late, 2017” according to Tesla Motors.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Model S facelift brings TESLA’s design “up to speed” aerodynamically, with the Model X and the upcoming Model 3 sedan. The revised front-fascia swaps-out the large faux-grille, in favor of a thin top-strip across the front with a centered bold T Logo. Changing the nose-cone on the Model S is aerodynamically-functional, having significantly reduced the “Wind Resistance” of the Car, thereby increased the overall Milage Range by more than 10%.

๐Ÿ”˜ The Improved Model S has been fitted with New Head Lights that are powered with high-power LEDs, including 14 three-position dynamic turning lights to improve visibility with evening turns and winding roads.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Engineers have added a new HEPA air filtration system, removing 99.97% of all particulate exhaust pollution, allergens, bacteria, and other airborne contaminants. Like the Model X, this Air Filtration system features a “Bioweapon Defense Mode” that maintains positive pressure inside the cabin, to prevent toxic gasses from entering the Car’s cabin.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla Designers have added several cosmetic improvements in the Cabin, adding a few new wood trim options. Buyers can also select an Option for heating or cooling Forced-Air ventilation of the front seats, a similar HVAC system employed in Tesla’s Model X. For example, on a Hot Afternoon in South Florida, the interior seating becomes very hot, upwards of 150ยบF.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla offers an AirConditioned Front Seats Option, that delivers Cool, Dry, Forced-Air Circulation inside the perforated seat-cushions, creating a cool, dry seat, rather than a scorching hot seat, particularly if you fit the Car with Black Leather. Seat-cushion air circulation is very comfortable at all times. However, particularly comfortable during long commutes and road-trips.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla’s iPhone APP โ€“ when launched your iPhone becomes a Remote Control for your Model S Car. Using the App you can start the Car’s Air Conditioning System, while you are finishing getting dressed in the morning, or awaiting your arrival from your Meeting, Luncheon, or Shopping. From your iPhone or Apple Watch, you are able to see the internal temperature of the Car, verify that it’s properly Locked, check your Fuel Range, and Turn-On the Air Conditioning, preparing the Car for your arrival to it.

๐Ÿ”˜ Model S will likely be paired with a 120 kWh High-Capacity LiON Battery delivering a Range of 400 Miles that will eventually replace the battery pack presently offered. We previously reported that Tesla and Panasonic have designed a slightly larger LiON battery cell [2mm bigger in diameter, 5mm taller] that delivers 33% greater Power with no increase in the cost to product the Lion cells. Implementation of this new LiON 20700 cell may be the effect of assembling a 120 kWh LiON battery pack. Presently Customers have the choice of TESLA’s 70 kWh LiOn battery pack, and the 90 kWh LiON Battery pack, paired with either a single-rear-motor, 2-Wheel Drive system, or paired with Front-Wheel motor plus Rear-Wheel motor, for their AWD package.

๐Ÿ”˜ Folks require more than a 300 mile range in an Electric Car. Tesla need to deliver a 400 Mile Range Battery pack, principally because at current Charging Rates, a 5-Minute “electric” Fill-Up delivers 28 Miles Range added to the LiON Battery, at Best. We understand that Tesla SuperCharger Stations will increase to a Power of 150 kWh [from 120 kWh]. This 25% increase that may deliver 35 Miles per 5 Minute charge, or 100 Mile Range in 15 Minutes, or over 200 Mile Range in 30 minutes.

๐Ÿ”˜ There are 168,000 Gas Stations, and 40,000 Electric Fueling Spots in the US. Electric Car drivers need and want greater Range per Full Charge, per Fill-up. Recall, When a Gasoline Engine powered Car pulls into a Gas Station, within 5-Minutes, they receive 15 Gallons of Gas, which provides 330 Miles of range, as established by the EPA standards of 22MPG, with a 15 gallon fuel-tank.

๐Ÿ”˜ Tesla needs a 120 kWh 400 Mile Range LiON Battery for the Model S, X, and Model 3 Cars. A 120 kWh Battery’s 400 mile Range, in traditional Gas-Tank equivalency, of an 18.2 Gallon Gas Tank, in a car that achieves 22MPG. Hopefully the Chargers and Battery Chemistry, will permit more Power to enter the LiOn Battery in Less Time.

๐Ÿ”˜ For Electric Car Fill-ups, a 5-Minute Electric Fill-up, an Electric Car receives only 28 Miles of Range, at any of the 630 Tesla SuperCharger Stations, the most powerful [120 kWh chargers] in the US. The 2nd best Electric Charger “in the wild” delivers 16 mile Range for a 5 minute charge, and there are not too many of these ChargePoint 200 RPH chargers. The Model S onboard charging system has been upgraded to accept 48 Amp Service, a 20% increase over the previous specs.

๐Ÿ”˜ Space X Mission Successfully Lands CRS-8 First Stage Rocket on a Drone-Ship situated in the Atlantic Ocean, April, 2016. http://youtu.be/sYmQQn_ZSys

๐Ÿ”˜ SPACE X Mission April 8, 2016, 30 minute narrated clip behind the line showing the Mission, an the background stories. Well worth your time. As you are watching this clip, as the 1st stage Rocket Lands on the Drone-Ship, floating out there, in the Atlantic Ocean, you’ll be standing and cheering with everyone else… http://youtu.be/7pUAydjne5M

๐Ÿš˜ Compare Tesla Model S and Model X all Electric Cars. From a Non-Car-Guy point of view, we discuss in reasonable detail [not-too-technical] a few of the commonly used electric-car terms; We need to think and understand this new “language.”

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla Cars Viewed from a Buyer Perspective, selecting the Options for the Model S or Model X makes significant changes to the Comfort and Safety of the Driver & Passengers, plus the Car’s Agility, Power, and Performance. In this article we Compare two highly rated Tesla electric Cars.

๐Ÿš˜ Permit me to bring you “up to speed” on some of the ingredients that make the Tesla Electric Cars “tick.” Remember, it’s All about the Cells, LiON Cells. Thousands of Cells in all Model X and Model S Cars.

๐Ÿš˜ Look at this Single Lithium-Ion Cell in hand. The LiON Cell is truly the Magical Ingredient that energizes Tesla Model S and Model X Cars. Thousands of these Cells [literally 7,104 Cells] all lined up in a special arrangement, with 444 cells housed in each Module, where all 16 modules are connected together to deliver 400v DC at 225 Amps, yielding a 90 kWh Battery weighing 1,200 pounds.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla’s GigaFactory, 100 Electric Ave, Sparks, Nevada. Tesla’s Lithium-Ion Battery factory [over 3 million sq.ft, on 1.5 sq. miles land] will produce more Lithium Cells than the entire World’s 2015 production. The Gigafactory’s initial production capacity is targeted at 35 Million kWh per Year, enough Lithium Cells to power 400,000 Tesla Cars/yr, [that’s 2.75 Billion Cells, LiON Cells/year or 7.64 Million Cells/day].

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla’s new GigaFactory is an 80 Acre Building Under Roof. Tesla’s battery partner [Panasonic] will be manufacturing their new co-designed LiOn Cell [the 20700 Cell] rendering it +133% more powerful. When Tesla’s Production Line [for Model X, Model S, Model 3 Cars] delivers 12,000 Cars per month, Tesla’s Gigafactory will be Producing 2.8 Million LiON Cells every Day, for the Car’s Batteries; This is just the “startup” quantity before Tesla Ramps-Up production [add the Model 3 Car in 2018] in Tesla’s new 3.5 million sq.ft. facility, the first phase of 10 Million sq.ft.

๐Ÿš˜ It’s Really All about the LiON Cells. Look at the picture of the 18650 Lithium-Ion Cell standing upright next to a traditional Double-AA battery on my iPad Pro’s keyboard. The LiON Cell [39gm] is over twice the physical size and weight of the AA battery [16gm]. Notice 5000 mAh capacity, equals 5.0 Ah at 3.7v DC. [Watts = A x V] or 5×3.7 = 18.5 Watt/Hr. Let’s divide it by 1000, to convert 18.5 Watts into kiloWatts. 18.5/1000 = 0.0185 kWh.

๐Ÿš˜ We Converted 18.5 Watts of storage into kWh [0.0185 kWh] the same units as in the 90 kWh Battery Pack. We know there are 7,104 LiON Cells in TESLA’s battery pack. Each individual LiON Cell can store 0.0185 kWh of power… seems like an itty-bitty amount of Power.

๐Ÿš˜ Cells are TESLA’s MAGIC. All these LiOn Cells are like a Miniature “Army” of Cells. A single “Army-Man’s” power, may not be impressive, with only 0.0184 kWh of muscle; BUT, let’s multiply our Army-Man, and bring in 7104 Army-Men; Now we have several Brigades, a “Powerful Force” of 7104 Men… 7104 Cells… Therefor, let’s take the single Cell’s modest Power of 0.0185 kWh, times 7,104. [0.0185 x 7104 = 131.4 kWh]

๐Ÿš˜ This is a Storage Pack with 131.4 kWh Power. OMG, that’s Huge. If these LiON Cells were all lined up in Tesla’s special arrangement for their TESLA Battery Pack, they’d have an amazing 130 kWh Battery, that’s 144% greater capacity than their present 90 kWh Battery, which would likely be an EPA rating of 400 Miles Range, rather than 275 EPA miles, for the present day 90 kWh Battery. See how much fun we’re having…

๐Ÿš˜ After All, it’s really all about the Cells, currently the 18650 LiOn Cell, is 18mm in diameter by 65mm tall. Battery Engineers say by increasing the Cell’s Diameter marginally by 2mm to 20mm, and increasing the cell’s Height from 65mm to 70mm, the new Cell, the LiON 20700 Cell will actually deliver 133% of the Power than its smaller brother, at the Same Cost per Cell.

๐Ÿš˜ Delivery of the 20700 LiON Cell may be the “Birth” of Tesla’s new 120 kWh Battery, with a Range over 400 Miles. This is a Huge development. Personally, having over 350 EPA certified miles is the Range folks need to see. Anything significantly less in Range [in my opinion] would be considered a “Commuter Car.”

๐Ÿš˜ Today is Racing in Fast Forward to the Future, as Electric Cars Charge on to the Mainstream However, too many folks remain pulled back with decades of prejudices and familiarity: “Pistons, Tanks, Gas, Rods, Gallons, Liters, Fumes, Plugs, V8’s, Octane, Unleaded…” Today, Electric Cars are becoming more popular partly because of the “GREEN” effect, plus some folks see Fuel Cost savings beneficial in the longer view.

๐Ÿš˜ Gas Prices at $2.75/Gallon currently, Equals 12ยข/Mile, [assume the EPA 22 MPG] the cost the average Gas Guzzler is about 12ยข/Mile. This fuel cost/mile is Three Times the cost of the Tesla Models S or X, electric utility charge of 4ยข/Mile. [electricity cost 12ยข/kW]

๐Ÿš˜ It takes Courage to be GREEN with Cars. One must have lots of Courage to be an “Electric Car Pioneer” knowing that: (A) Electric Car manufacturers do not have decades of experiences or durability stats, (B) Electric Charger-Stations are “few and far between” literally, (C) the Time required for an electric Fill-Up.

๐Ÿš˜ Gas Staton Fill-Ups: For an EPA standard 15 gallon Fill-Up, traditional Gas Stations [currently there are 168,000 US Gas Stations] that require about 5-Minutes in Fueling Time, giving your car 330 miles of Range, with an EPA standard of 22MPG, renders a cost of 12ยข/Mile, at $2.65/Gallon. With Electric-Car charging at most of the 40,000 charging-stations that currently exist in the US, the same 5-Minutes Fueling Time, gives your Electric Car 2.5 miles of Range. At DC FAST Express Commercial and Public Charging (19.2 kWr) Stations, a 5 minute charge gives your electric Car about 5 miles of Range. Fortunately, many EV Car Drivers have a Charger Connection at their residence garage, for every night fill-ups.

๐Ÿš˜ Your Garage becomes your Fuel Service Station, as you can Plug-In your Tesla using a 19.2 kWh Super Charger Kit, for an Over Night Fill Up, every Night. Although, the charging rate is roughly 60 RPH, [60 miles of Range per Hour of Charging], If you have a 360 Mile Battery, plugging in overnight, in 6 hours you are FULL of electric power. Although, the Public Charging Stations are time consuming for even a modest fill-up, your Garage Charger is very convenient for an every-Night topping-off your “Electric Fuel Tank.”

๐Ÿš˜ For Electric Cars to become truly Mainstream, These Issues Must be resolved

(A) Battery Range of 350 Miles
โ€“ Affordable Battery Technology, to render energy storage at a reasonable cost, giving 350+ Miles Range. With a bazillion Gas Stations in the US, [actually 168,000] gas driven cars receive a 330 mile range with a 5-minute Fill-Up time
(B) Range per 5 Minute Fill-Up. Charging Stations will have to Deliver significantly more Range than 5 Miles with a 5 Minute Charge
(C) DC-FAST chargers by ChargePoint are currently the fastest commercial chargers giving a Rate of 200 RPH which equals 15 Miles Range for a 5 Minute charge using the CHAdeMO plug.

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA is getting FASTER with Charging Speed, as their Super-Charger Stations Deliver a 30 mile Range in 5-minutes, 115 Miles of Range in 20 Minutes, or 170 Miles in 30 Minutes, Electric Charging gives 5 Miles of Range per Minute … This charging-rate although FAST for electric charging points, is still relatively slow, compared to the Time folks are used to at Gas Stations, giving 60 miles of Range per Minute. Tesla’s Super-Charger Stations are proprietary for Tesla Cars Only, as Tesla is providing its Power at No Cost to Tesla Drivers.

๐Ÿ”ด Below are YouTube Video-Clips Links that you may be interested in viewing. Having reviewed dozens of videos, these have been picked, showing (A) A Video, narrated, takes you into the assembly-line of the Model S at their factory in Fremont, California (B) Tesla associate Delivering a Tesla Model S to a customer; taking a new Tesla owner through the setup of the features for the Model S. TESLA’s delivery-training is worth your time (C) the next 2 video-clips demonstrate the Tesla AutoPilot in action on freeways, first with the Model X, the second is with the Model S car.

๐Ÿ”ต These Clips have been placed between two distinctive images, so you can return here, at a later time, after you’ve read the article.

๐Ÿ”ด Tesla Factory is Automated with Robotics; this interesting, narrated YouTube video-clip gives a closeup view of the assembly of some key components such as the unique Tesla Motor, Gear Box, and Dashboard electronics: https://goo.gl/5wu3sW

๐Ÿ”ด Tesla Factory Delivery of Your New Model S All Tesla Cars are build-to-order. In a few weeks you car will be ready for delivery to you. This YouTube narrated video-clip shows a Tesla Delivery to a Customer: https://goo.gl/cpHnYt

๐Ÿ”ด Tesla Drivers demonstrate the Model X and the Model S AutoPilot with Software version 7.0 These narrated demonstrations of the Autopilot shows the hands-free operation of the Tesla Autopilot controlling the car on Expressways at 70+mph, quite amazing:
https://goo.gl/Tj3wGr
https://goo.gl/YxQyNa

๐Ÿ”ด A Tesla Driver demonstrates the Apple Watch monitoring the status of the Model S and some of the Controlling capability of the Model-S Car. https://goo.gl/72smx0

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla provides a Free APP for iPhones and Apple Watch where Drivers may Plug-In at the Charging station, Start the Charge cycle, Lock the Car, then go into a Coffee shop or Retail Center. Then Remotely, Drivers can Open the Tesla APP on your iPhone and on your Apple Watch, which Logs-In to your Tesla Car’s Computer, to do lots of tasks
(A) Look at the Status of your Car: Locked, Unlocked, Interior Temperature, Range in Miles
(B) You can Honk your Horn, Flash the Car’s Lights to help you find the car in a large parking lot, or a dark street, Start the A/C system to Cool-Down your Car, so it’s ready for you at a Comfortable temperature, or heat the car in the Winter season
(C) Look at the Charging-progress of your Car, see the Miles Range as your Battery is charging, you’d then know when it’s time to return to your Tesla Car
(D) All of these actions can be performed from your iPhone and your Apple Watch.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla Promises Free Super-Charges Forever. Free charging as assured by Elon Musk helps to mitigate the limited Network of Stations, and the relatively slow Charge-time [compared to Gas-Fill-Ups]. Tesla’s SuperCharger Stations are Super-Fast [compared to all other Commercial and Public charger stations] but are relatively slow compared to Gasoline Car fill-ups. Hopefully new Battery technologies will permit significantly Faster Charge Times. It is believed that LiON Battery technology is one of the major factors limiting Charge-Time.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla SuperCharger stations require 20-30 Minutes to obtain a reasonable 100-175 Mile Range added to their Battery “Fuel Tanks.” To mitigate this “time issue” Tesla locates their Stations near Destinations where the Driver may be encouraged to visit, like Coffee Shops, Malls, Retail Shopping Centers.

๐Ÿš˜ Good News: The Public, Federal & State Governments, and Technology Enterprises are Focusing on GREEN Personal Transportation Solutions. For Traditional Cars: We need to arrest (an increasing portion of) the Toxic-Fumes spewing into the atmosphere, Electric Vehicles (EVs) are an answer; The EV Revolution has many of us digesting a new vocabulary: Lithium Ion batteries, Cells, 90 kWh, 70 kWh, LiON Cells, is Bigger Better, How Big is enough, Charger-Stations, Amps, Watts, Volts, Bolts, AC, DC not CD, RPH not MPH… EV’s have NO sign of Toxic Fumes, there’s no Gas-burning, nor tail-pipe Exhaust…

๐Ÿš˜ Compare Model X & Model S: Reviewing Tesla’s web site is a good experience; the web-site is well designed and full of attractive, informative dialogs and graphics. Our effort, is to provide the back-story, analysis, and related information on the topic of Electric Cars, from the point of view of a “Non-CAR-Guy.” After all, we want to know more about electric cars; we need to know What’s Watt.

๐Ÿš˜ Model S โ€“ Performance and Safety Refined โ€“ Model S is designed from the ground up to be the safest, most exhilarating sedan on the road; Having driven the Model S recently, Exhilarating is an Understatement. With unparalleled performance delivered through Teslaโ€™s unique, all-electric powertrain, Model S accelerates from 0 to 60 mph in as little as 2.8 seconds with its optional “Ludicrous Performance Mode.” Model S comes with true Autopilot capabilities designed to assist the highway driving experience, making it safer and stress free.

๐Ÿš˜ Adaptive Headlight Lighting โ€“ Model S features full LED adaptive headlights. Besides enhancing the already great styling, adaptive headlights also boost safety. With 14 three-position LED dynamic turning-lights improve visibility at night, especially on winding roads.

๐Ÿš˜ HEPA Medical Grade Air Filter โ€“ Model S now features a Medical grade HEPA air filtration system, which removes 99.97% of particulate exhaust pollution and effectively all allergens, bacteria, and other contaminants from the Cabin Atmosphere. Tesla has a “Bioweapon Defense” mode that creates a Positive Pressure inside the Cabin to protect occupants from any poisonous gasses from entering the Car. Not that we are expecting an attack, but, every day we can be following a Tractor Trailer that is spewing Clouds of Black Soot and Toxic Fumes… this screen activated mode, protects everyone in the Car from being “gassed” by every-day driving hazards.

๐Ÿš˜ Autopilot โ€“ Tesla’s Autopilot performs the following comprehensive tasks (A) assists Model S with steering, by keeping the Car within your Lane, (B) Change lanes with the simple tap of a turn signal (C) Manages Speed by using active, traffic-aware cruise control assuring safe following distance from the Car ahead (D) Digitally controls the motors, brakes, and steering mechanisms, to help avoid collisions from either Frontally and Sides (E) Prevents the car from wandering off the road, as often occurs when a sleepy driver dozes.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla AutoPilot also enables your car to Scan for an adequate Parking Space, and will Parallel Park on the Driver’s command. Tesla’s Summon, is a new feature that permits the Driver to “Call your Car” using your iPhone. When the Driver Summon’s their Car, the AutoPilot controls the car where it self-drives your empty Car, to meet you at your Front Door, all systems on GO. Tesla’s Autopilot features are progressively enabled over time with periodic software updates. The latest software update 7.0 added the “Summon” feature mentioned above.

๐Ÿš˜ Automatic Steering with Traffic Aware Cruise Control โ€“ Active sensors combined with GPS and high resolution digital maps comprise a mutually reinforcing system that pilots Model S along the highway, staying within your lane, even in stop and go traffic.

๐Ÿš˜ AutoPilot with Real-Time Learning โ€“ RealTime automated feedback from Tesla’s fleet of over 100,000 of Model S and X Cars. Think about it. All Tesla Car’s onboard Computers are periodically reporting to the “Mother Ship” information about the accuracy of its AutoPilot functions and Driver Assist features.

๐Ÿš˜ AutoPilot โ€“ If the Tesla Computer is driving “off course” where the Driver intercedes with a “course correction” the Car’s onBoard Computer makes note of these “autonomous driving errors” and transmits each occurrence to Tesla’s home office. All these course corrections and adjustments from all over the world, from Tesla’s Fleet of over 100,000 cars are assimilated. Software engineers will augment the navigation program accordingly, to ensure these systems are continually Learning and Improving upon itself. Tesla transmits a “Smarter, Trained, AutoPilot” into your Model S, Model X, Model 3 Computer system, periodically.

๐Ÿš˜ Dual Motor Model S is a categorical improvement on conventional all-wheel drive systems. With two motors, one in the front and one in the rear, Model S digitally and independently controls torque to the front and rear wheels. The result is unparalleled traction control in all road and climate conditions.

๐Ÿš˜ Model S, it’s two Motors are lighter, smaller, and more efficient than the Gasoline Car counterparts, providing both improved Range and faster Acceleration. In contrast, conventional all-wheel drive cars employ complex mechanical linkages and transaxles to distribute power from a single engine to all four wheels. This sacrifices energy efficiency in favor of all-weather traction.

๐Ÿš˜ Model S Performance comes standard with All-Wheel Drive Dual Motors, pairing the high performance rear motor with a high efficiency front motor to achieve “SuperCar” acceleration, from zero to 60 miles per hour in 2.8 seconds.

๐Ÿš˜ Model S is Built around the Driver โ€“ Model S is a Car-Driver’s car. The cabin combines meticulous noise-abatement engineering with Tesla’s uniquely quiet powertrain to obtain the Sound Dynamics of a Recording Studio. Having recently driven the Model S, one of the most stunning observations Driving the Model S is the “Total Silence” one experiences when putting on a Pair of BOSE noise-cancelling Headphones.

๐Ÿš˜ Touchscreen โ€“ The Model S is controlled an impressive 17″ touchscreen, is the interior centerpiece, high-resolution Display. The LCD display is angled toward the Driver and includes both day and night modes for better visibility without distraction. The Display puts rich and important content at the Driver’s fingertips providing mobile [cellular] connectivity. The Driver can easily find a destination, favorite song, or a new restaurant, PLUS the display controls most of the car’s functions. Opening the all glass panoramic roof, customizing the automatic climate control, setting the AutoPilot parameters, changing the radio station, all happen with a swipe or a touch. The touchscreen, digital instrument cluster, and steering wheel controls seamlessly integrate media, navigation, communications, cabin controls and vehicle data.

๐Ÿš˜ Model S is designed from the ground up to be the safest car on the road, according to Tesla. Much of its safety is owed to the unique electric drivetrain and the 1200 pound Battery pack that sits beneath the car’s aluminum occupant cell in its own subframe. This unique positioning substantially lowers the car’s center of gravity, which improves handling and minimizes rollover risk, and replaces the heavy engine block with impact absorbing boron steel rails.

๐Ÿš˜ Side impacts are met by aluminum pillars reinforced with steel rails to reduce intrusion, protecting occupants and the battery pack while improving roof stiffness. In the event of an accident, eight airbags protect front and rear occupants, and the 90 kWh Battery [a high-voltage 400v DC, 225 Amp array of LiOn Cells] is automatically disconnected.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla Launch Event of for the Model X โ€“ Sept 29, 2015 by Tesla Motors โ€“ https://vimeo.com/140889963

๐Ÿš˜ According to Tesla Motors, the Model X is the safest, fastest and most capable sport utility vehicle in history. With all-wheel drive and a 90 kWh battery providing 257 miles of range [an EPA stat], Model X has ample seating for up to seven adults [with 3 seating options] and all of their gear. The Model X itโ€™s ludicrously fast, accelerating from zero to 60 MPH in as quick as 3.2 seconds [with High Performance Option]. Model X is the no-compromise SUV.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla states that it’s Model X is designed with safety as the first priority. The floor-mounted 1200 pound battery lowers the center of gravity so that the risk of rollover is “half the risk” any other SUV in its class. The battery structure strengthens Model X against side impact intrusions. Without a gasoline engine, the Model X’s large front trunk acts as a giant impact-absorbing crumple zone. Tesla’s own internally conducted crash testing indicates that Model X has the expectation, to be the first SUV to receive the highest safety rating in every category; although as of this writing, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has not yet conducted crash testing on the Model X.

๐Ÿš˜ Active Safety: Model X continually scans the surrounding roadway with cameras, radar and sonar systems, providing the driver with real-time feedback to help avoid collisions. Even at highway speeds, Model X is designed to automatically apply brakes in an emergency.

๐Ÿš˜ Falcon Wing doors allow easy access to second and third row seats from even a tight parking space, while traditional SUV doors or Minivan sliding doors would not grant any access.

๐Ÿš˜ With only a foot of clearance on either side, Falcon Wing doors articulate smoothly up and out of the way, allowing passengers to enter from both front and rear directions. The side and overhead opening is so large that parents can buckle children in without ducking or straining and without bumping their child’s head on the roof.

๐Ÿš˜ Aerodynamic, Model X is able to achieve 257 miles of range in part because it is the most aerodynamic SUV in production. With a Drag Coefficient of 0.24, Model X’s Wind Resistance is 20% lower than the next best SUV, better than most all other Cars period. In addition, an active spoiler deploys from the rear lift-gate optimizes highway efficiency and stability.

๐Ÿš˜ Big Sky Effect โ€“ Model X has the largest all glass panoramic windshield in production, providing an unparalleled view of the road, scenery, stars, and sky above. Optimized solar-tinting and obstruction-free view, creates unlimited visibility for the driver and all passengers.

๐Ÿš˜ Autopilot โ€“ Tesla’s Autopilot performs the following comprehensive tasks (A) assists Model S with steering, by keeping the Car within your Lane, (B) Change lanes with the simple tap of a turn signal (C) Manages Speed by using active, traffic-aware cruise control assuring safe following distance from the Car ahead (D) Digitally controls the motors, brakes, and steering mechanisms, to help avoid collisions from either Frontally and Sides (E) Prevents the car from wandering off the road, as often occurs when a sleepy driver dozes.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla AutoPilot also enables your car to Scan for an adequate Parking Space, and will Parallel Park on the Driver’s command. Tesla’s Summon, is a new feature that permits the Driver to “Call your Car” using your iPhone. When the Driver Summon’s their Car, the AutoPilot controls the car where it self-drives your empty Car, to meet you at your Front Door, all systems on GO. Tesla’s Autopilot features are progressively enabled over time with periodic software updates. The latest software update 7.0 added the “Summon” feature mentioned above.

๐Ÿš˜ Automatic Steering with Traffic Aware Cruise Control โ€“ Active sensors combined with GPS and high resolution digital maps comprise a mutually reinforcing system that pilots Model S along the highway, staying within your lane, even in stop and go traffic.

๐Ÿš˜ AutoPilot with Real-Time Learning โ€“ RealTime automated feedback from Tesla’s fleet of over 100,000 of Model S and X Cars. Think about it. All Tesla Car’s onboard Computers are periodically reporting to the “Mother Ship” information about the accuracy of its AutoPilot functions and Driver Assist features.

๐Ÿš˜ AutoPilot โ€“ If the Tesla Computer is driving “off course” where the Driver intercedes with a “course correction” the Car’s onBoard Computer makes note of these “autonomous driving errors” and transmits each to Tesla’s home office. All these course corrections and adjustments from all over the world, from Tesla’s Fleet of over 100,000 cars are assimilated, to ensure these systems are continually Learning and Improving upon itself. Tesla transmits a “Smarter, Trained, AutoPilot” into your Model S, Model X, Model 3 Computer system, periodically.

๐Ÿš˜ Seating for Seven โ€“ Model X comfortably seats seven people in three rows: 2F, 3M, 2R. Every seat is the best seat in the house; however, the Middle Row of 3 seats are a work of art. Mounted on a single post and independently reclining, each second row seat is designed to maximize passenger comfort, legroom, under seat storage and access to the third row. The third row seats fold flat when not in use and the second row seats lean forward and out of the way for even more cargo area

๐Ÿš˜ Technology and Specifications
โ€ข Regular over-the-air updates add safety and navigation features, enhance performance and improve the driver experience
โ€ข Free Charge-ups at Tesla’s Supercharger network
โ€ข Maps and navigation with real-time traffic information
โ€ข Center console with a quick connect iPhone dock
โ€ข GPS enabled Homelink
โ€ข Electric All-Wheel Drive for max efficiency/traction
โ€ข Active safety technologies: side collision avoidance, automatic emergency braking
โ€ข Parking sensors and blind spot warning
โ€ข Full LED headlamps
โ€ข Power-folding, heated side mirrors
โ€ข Up to four LATCH child seat attachments
โ€ข Largest glass panoramic windshield in production, providing unparalleled views
โ€ข Falcon Wing doors allow access to 2nd, 3rd row seats
โ€ข Automatic keyless entry
โ€ข Automatic rear lift-gate opening
โ€ข Large interior storage capacity of 77 cubic feet
โ€ข Front trunk with room for luggage, strollers or golf bags
โ€ข Warranty is 8 years, infinite mile Battery and Drive Unit
โ€ข Warranty is 4 years, 50,000 mile limit for entire Car

๐Ÿš˜ Admittedly, before engaging with our Tesla Comparisons, it was believed that the Model S was the Larger Car, yes, the “S” is likely lower to the Ground, and it is. Having seen both cars “up close and personal” the Model S visually gives the appearance of being a Heavier, Longer and Wider machine.

๐Ÿš˜ Comparison-List of Specs for Model X and Model S for 9โƒฃ key measures; the results were quite surprising. Here are a few of the biggest surprises: the Model X is 624 Pounds Heavier, The Model X is Wider by 4″, it’s also Longer by 2″, and more Shoulder Room by 3″ Wider, Head Room is almost 3″ Taller for those big guys, and Hip Room is over 4″ Wider too.

๐Ÿš˜ Truthfully, I’m already “Sold on the entire Tesla concept” however, Comparing both Models. But after a fairly extensive research effort, to render this article worthwhile, my 1st choice Model changed, back and forth, both ways, this way and that way… I thought this would be an easy pick. Selecting a Car is a personal matter. The Style, Look, Power, AWD, RWD, Utility, Speed, Range, Software, Suspension, Colors and Materials… Which Model is best for you, the “X” or the “S” ? Read on, it may help with your selection.

๐Ÿš˜ The Challenge as Electric Vehicles become “Mainstream” particularly in light of Tesla’s new Model 3 Reveal, midnight (March 31st-April 1st) just three weeks ago, Tesla received over 325,000 Reservation Deposits of $1000 in One Week. This is an unheard of huge global “Reservation-List” for a new Car that no one at the time had actually seen yet, albeit an affordable $35,000 beauty. (We’ve collected some stunning pictures and video clips below).

๐Ÿš˜ Whether it’s TESLA Cars or the other 25-flavors of electric cars sold in the US last year, for example, the Top Three: 92,700 Chevy Volts, 92,500 Nissan Leafs, 63,100 Tesla Model S Cars, are among the 410,000 electric vehicles sold last year, plus 12,200 charging stations and 30,700 Public Charging points in the US. Where are all those Charging locations that have the “Type of Juice” a Tesla requires? How much will it Take? How many Miles can be driven with an Electric Fill-Up? In a Reasonable amount of Time… how much Time?

๐Ÿš˜ The Buzz Words, AC, DC, kWh, SAE-J1772, CHAdeMO, RPH not MPH, DC not CD, Current-Flow, no more High-Test or Low-Test… So What’s with the Watts, Range, Amps, Volts, Bolts and Leafs. Fear Not, scroll-down to this “โ€“โ€“Previously Reportedโ€“โ€“” marker, where we’ve explained many of these terms, which serves as a guide for your New Tesla, to keep you energized and literally Charged. Globally, there are over 1.2 Billion Gas and Electric cars driving on the roads today, with over 600,000 electric cars last year.

๐Ÿš˜ Model X Proposed Order formulated on Tesla’s Design Center showing options selected.

๐Ÿš˜ Model S Range Per Charge chart shows four Model S configurations showing the (Milage) Range for a fully charged Model S, that you’d anticipate depending on the Battery Size of 70 kWh or the 90 kWh, and Motor D configuration (2-wheel drive or 4-wheel drive) selections. Notice, Ambient Temperature was turned up to 90ยบF, Average driving speed was set at 45mph, and the A/C On, using 19″ wheels.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla Model S 90D Achieves over 400 Mile Range on One Charge, is very impressive, as no other Electric Car has even half this Range. [443 Mile Range with A/C off, 392 Mile Range with A/C on, average driving speed 45mph]. Tesla says, each year, their engineers expect its LiON Battery Technologies will improve kWh Capacity and Range by around 5%-to-10% per Year, due to engineering efficiencies and improvements of the LiON cell structure and chemistry. These individual LiON-Cells are quite important; The 90 kWh LiON battery contains 7104 cells housed within 16 modules, containing 444 cells in each module. [Each Module delivers 25v DC at 225 Amps. The Math: 16 Modules at 25v DC equals 400 vDC at 225Amps, which equals 90kWh of Power.] Tesla’s Lithium Battery pack containing a “bazillion small cells” [well 7104 cells] was probably my biggest surprise.

๐Ÿ”‹ TESLA has been thinking about these topics that only great automotive engineers consider regarding Fuel (electric or gas) Efficiency, the $Cost/Mile driven; however, lets keep it simple for now, by excluding these important items: Tire replacement, Drivers’ aggressive driving habits (hard acceleration, braking, hard turns), the engine, drivetrain, fuel-grade, etc. Let’s exclude all the items above, and read on.

๐Ÿš˜ The following items, are very important “external factors” engineers are very interested in, that effect (Milage) $Cost/Mile efficiency: (1) Wind Resistance on the Car’s external surfaces (Coefficient of Aerodynamic Drag), overall-shape, front-grill, door-handles, antennas, windshield-wipers (2) Tire Friction, the interaction of the tires on the paved streets, camber, caster, alignment and (3) the Wheel-Bearings. All these factors require [more] energy to overcome their effect on Car’s performance.

๐Ÿš˜ Considering all these Internal and External Engineering Factors, TESLA has designed a precision 4-door sedan using electric propulsion… winning awards from the entire automotive industry globally, combined with over 80,000 pleased Tesla Model S owners. Elon Musk while on-stage said, the gross margins on the Model S sales, helped to finance the development their new Model 3 Car unveiled April 1 at midnight. While on stage, Musk thanked the audience for buying the Model S… or else the “Model 3 would not be here this evening…” The Model 3 being Tesla’s answer for a truly “affordable electric car” priced at $35,000 for the mainstream.

๐Ÿš˜ Currently, Tesla Motors builds their Model S and Model X to the specifications defined by each Buyer as they order their Custom TESLAs. Currently the Tesla production-line is delivering over 4,100 Tesla cars per month, a bit over 50,000 cars/year during 2015. Next year Model S production is planned to ramp-up to 100,000 cars/year. In 2018 Tesla will begin ramping-up their new Model 3 affordable, $35,000 car for the masses, in effort to satisfy some portion of the 325,000 reservations it received within a week of the Model-3 REVEAL on 4/1/16.

๐Ÿš˜ That said, let’s build our Model S Car with a good selection of features, as Tesla decided that they are building each Car for each Buyer, “Build-to-Order” plan, not the reverse. Many other car manufacturers produce cars with company designed options, filling Car Lots with large inventories of Cars they Hope the folks will desire.

๐Ÿš˜ First Step is to decide about the 70 kWh Battery or the 90 kWh Battery. The larger 90 kWh battery pack will provide more power and greater Range (miles) per Full Charge. In gasoline terms, do we want a Larger “Fuel Tank” or a smaller one. Since Electric Vehicles are charged in one’s residential garage, and when on the highways, the number of Tesla SuperChargers, it’s charger infrastructures of 615 current Stations, is not fully developed; therefore we’d recommend the Longest-Range battery available, to mitigate the issue of fewer Fast-Fueling (Charger) locations.

๐Ÿš˜ Several years from now, having the Largest Battery [largest fuel tank] may be not as important a consideration, as it is today. Therefore, lets select the 90 kWh Battery. Next, do we recommend 2-wheel drive or 4-wheel drive. With the Model S there are several combinations of choices, for battery size and 2-Wheel or All-Wheel drive. The 90D gives an excellent balance of Range, Power, and 4-Wheel drive.

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA’s Model S 90D All-Wheel drive is Recommended as displayed above. If one desired greater performance, then the P90D could have been selected for a $20,000 premium. The Model S 90D selection is provides an excellent balance of power and range with a base price of $89,000. Let’s recommend this model.

๐Ÿš˜ Next, let’s select the exterior Paint Color, Interior treatments, Panoramic Roof and Wheels. Let’s pick fire engine RED for the Car’s exterior color, a $1500 extra, the panoramic all glass roof for $1500, Next Gen Leather for $2500, standard wheels, Dark Ash wood interior treatment, and the Black Headliner. This brings the Model S price to $98,000 which includes the $3000 Premium interior package shown below.

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA’s Model S: An Important Option to consider is their High Amp Charger package, also known as the Dual-Charger package for $1500. This electronics package is [simply] a more powerful AC-to-DC [internal, under the hood] Converter. If you do not have this High Amp package, you will be trapped at an annoyingly “Very Slow Fill Rate” particularly, when you’re in a hurry during the day. [My guess Tesla will eventually include this as “Standard” equipment.]

๐Ÿš˜ Think about the number of times you’re Driving around town on ยผTank. This High Amp Kit permits the Car to be Charged at TWICE the RPH rate (range per hour) with a Public Charger, or your Garage. (in Technical terms for your electrician, the Power requirements: a 100Amp, 240v AC dedicated circuit.) When you Plug into this high power circuit, it permits a FAST-Charge Rate of 60 miles of Range Per Hour, or 60 minutes of Charging, this is RPH. Therefore, plugging-in over night, with 3 hours of charging we’d add 180 miles of driving Range. With the 90 kWh battery, in 3-5 hours we’d get a complete Fill-Up of power for the next days’ driving. This is important, BUT more importantly, is “Filling” your TESLA at a Curb-side Public Charger for 20 miles of Range with only 20 minutes of charging. [We are now at $99,500 for this Car, but we’re not quite done. There are several other Options to consider.]

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA’s Model S AutoPilot Convenience Feature. This package is an on-board Software package installed onto the Car’s Computer System. The Hardware is already included with all Tesla cars. AutoPilot operates by assisting the Driver to stay in-Lane on highways, assists in changing lanes by using its 360ยบ array of sensors to guide the Car when you want to change lanes, it also checks for any cars in front or you, plus left & right sides, making sure there is ample and safe distance from the car in front, and adjusting speed up-or-down, to maintain a safe margins. This system also provides for automated Parallel Parking. Tesla as been improving the Tesla onboard computer, presently up to software upgrade 7.1. Tesla will improve and upgrade the Car’s software from time to time [at 3am] when your sleeping… adding new and improved capabilities.

๐Ÿš˜ Tesla is committed to new innovations for its “AutoPilot” program, adding features, to enhance the Driver experience, for Public safety, plus Driver safety and convenience. Elon Musk says Tesla’s GOAL is to have their Tesla AutoPilot function as a true Autonomous-Driving experience, once fully tested and obtains Government DOT approval, said to be “achieved in several years, less than 5.” My thoughts, if we’re buying a $100k+ car, let’s spend another 2.5% and get this amazing driver-assist. Let’s include this $2500 option. [Our next article may be only about Tesla’s AutoPilot, it’s that exciting.]

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA’s Model S Ultra High Fidelity Sound System. Yes, let’s recommend incredible Sound for a very special Ultra-Quite Car. This system redefines the automotive audio experience, but is more than a bigger amplifier and more speakers. This is a $2500 option likely worth the added expense; having driven the Model S several months ago, the sound system gives the impression that you’ve entered a “Recording Studio Sound Stage.” Pure, Clean, Detailed, Undistorted, Sound, surrounding You and your Passengers, which otherwise is totally quite with No engine noise nor noticeable road-roar, even when driving at expressway speeds. [We are now up to a $104,500 Model S package. Almost done with Options to consider.]

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA’s Model S: Air Suspension is Very Smart. This package permits the Car to be intelligently elevated [further] above street grade, to handle steep driveways or undulating roads, where having greater ground-clearance is safe and beneficial. The onboard Computer system remembers where the driver made this onScreen manual elevation-adjustment; When you drive to this same GPS position, the Car will elevate automatically. When you arrive at your driveway or a restaurant, or where Passengers are unloading, the Driver can manually increase the elevation of the Car, making for an improved exit-experience for yourself, your passengers, and their baggage. We have now completed the Option-package recommendations; the Model S is priced at $108,200 including Tesla’s $1200 delivery charge and documentation costs.

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA’s Model S final configuration including all the chosen options are displayed in the graphic below. Recall, Tesla has chosen the Customize your Car, “Build-to-Order” business model. Our Car with the options we desire are ordered with a $2500 refundable deposit; Once your Build-to-Order Custom Car enters the Production Line your $2500 deposit, becomes non-refundable. [Buyers are notified (warned) prior to their deposit going “hard”.] Your car should be ready for delivery in about 6 weeks based on Tesla’s current back-log of orders to be filled, or thereafter if we chose a later delivery date, giving consideration for Tesla’s then Production delay.

๐Ÿš˜ TESLA’s Model S: Final Configuration with Recommended Options, earns an EPA rating of 103 eMPG, the “electric” equivalency of MPG. When charging the Model S with an electric-utility cost of 12ยข/kWh, our Fuel-Cost in miles driven is 3.95ยข/mile, therefore for 15,000 miles driven, the EPA has determined the Annual Cost is $600. According to the EPA in five years the total cost savings is $9,600 as compared to an equivalent Gasoline Powered car. [There is extensive testing performed by the EPA with factory interaction to establish fair EPA Disclosure stickers.]

๐Ÿš˜ In Sum, assuming the Federal Government continues its $7,500 Tax Incentive, combined with the $9,600 five year savings in fuel cost, we’d experience an Overall Savings of $17,100 in Five Years and if she retained the Car for 8 years, we’d save another $5,760 for 3 more years, reaching the 8-year warranty expiration. Our new Tesla Model S car’s cost is $108,200 delivered, (less $17,100 and $5,760) Savings Total of $22,860 for a Model S net cost $85,340 which had an 8 Year [unlimited milage] Battery warranty, and 8 years on the Motor and Drive unit.

Tesla Model X Purchase Summary with Options is consistent with the Model S choices outlined above. Apparently, the four items below, are Options at an extra [$6500] cost for the Model S, however, for Model X these same items are “Standard” and “included” in the base price of the Car: (A) All Glass Panoramic Roof [$1500] (B) 20″ Premium Wheels [$2500] (C) Black Alcantara Headliner (D) Smart Suspension [$2500]. If visiting http://www.Tesla.com in their Design Studio for the Model X, there are selections for added Seating for up to 7 passengers, otherwise the Model X seats 5 comfortably.

Compare Tesla Model S with Model X Physical Specifications. When examining the specifications of these two Cars, the Model X external Car Body is longer in length and wider in width; Either Car Body is attached to the exact same Wheel Base Frame. Without getting into the weeds, both Cars have the exact same wheel-base, front wheel tracking, and rear wheel tracking. However, there are nine important differences worth mentioning listed below

1โƒฃ Model X Curb Weight is 5,271 Pounds, Heavier by 624 pounds, surprisingly
2โƒฃ Model X Length, overall is 16’6″, Longer by about 2.3″
3โƒฃ Model X Width, overall, Mirrors folded is 7’5″, Wider by about 4.2″
4โƒฃ Model X Ground Clearance is 7.55″, Higher Above-Ground by 1.9″
5โƒฃ Model X Shoulder Room is 60.7″, Wider by 3.0″, noticeable by Big folks
6โƒฃ Model X Leg Room Average is 39.8″, Longer by 0.4″, no one will notice
7โƒฃ Model X Head Room is 41.7″, Higher by 2.9″, noticeable by Tall folks
8โƒฃ Model X Hip Room Rear Seats is 59.0″, Wider by 4.3″, noticeable by Big folks
9โƒฃ Model X Cargo Room is 77 cu.ft., Larger by 46 cu.ft. due to Hatchback design

๐Ÿ”‹ High-Power DC Charger Stations are the future of Electric Vehicles adoption by the masses. This is the Main reason Tesla is building a huge infrastructure of SuperCharger Stations. The drive-in charger lanes deliver 120 kWh of DC directly into Tesla Cars, where you can add 170 miles of Range in 30 minutes, or 100 miles of Range in 20 minutes, etc. Cost and over-heating issues, limit the power levels an EV Car’s internal rectifier-circuit can handle in the vehicle. Therefore, for power requirements over 240vAC at 80 Amps (19.2 kWh), external charging station are more efficient delivering DC power directly into the vehicle’s LiON battery. Combine these factors with the EV industry’s desire to “Refill EV Cars quickly…”

Visit Tesla’s Charging Calculator, to change Energy cost or another parameter. (All samples displayed are set for $0.12/kWh the US average for Electricity) This Link contains the Charging Calculator, then scroll-Down to the Calculator. https://www.teslamotors.com/models-charging#/calculator.

Charging Examples displayed below Demonstrate a Residential Garage setup, using a 100A, 240v AC dedicated circuit, for charging all Tesla Models that contain the $1500 optional High Amperage Charger. This setup in the Car and in the Garage, delivers 19.2 kWh of Power into the Car’s High Amperage Charger which converts the high power AC to DC to energize the massive 1200 pound Tesla Battery pack.




Pleased you’re reading, with over 100,000 readers world-wide, gives motivation as new topics are published every day. Spread the Word to your friends, family, and associates; Forward the link below, post it on your Facebook and Twitter Pages for their review,, anyone may subscribe, its secure, confidential, as every time I publish a story the WordPress system will send a reminder to you with a link to my new Story: http://FAU4U2.WordPress.com/

Perspective: These articles are created to inform a diverse audience, whether it be photography, digital cameras, lenses, Image editing, Apps, Smartphones, iPads, iPhones, Laptops and related products, Health & Wellness, or any news-worthy topic. The purpose is to inform, from sources that are believed to be reliable, and stimulate Dialogue.

When I do what I do… I usually do it here.

As a "Health Nut" for Health & Wellness; http://www.Wilson.2016.Isagenix.com

โšก๏ธ Ozone Oยณ Destroys Odors, Kills Bacteria, Oxidizes Viruses Fast ๐Ÿ’ฅโ›ˆโšก๏ธ๐ŸŒฉโšก๏ธ

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โšก๏ธ Ozone, Oยณ Removes Odors, Viruses, Germs, and Bacteria quickly from Houses, Apartments, Automobiles, Garages, Trailers, Campers, Basements. Oยณ a special Oxygen molecule, interacts with odors, toxins, bacteria, and viruses, Oยณ as it breaks down into Oยฒ plus a free radical, Oxygen molecule Oยน

โšก๏ธ Oยฒ plus a Free Radical Oxygen molecule Oยน oxidizes and destroys noxious Odors, Germs, Bacteria, Viruses, Body Odors, Cigar, Cigarette & Fire Smoke.

โšก๏ธ Odors develop from many sources and greatly impact the way a Visiting Guest evaluates the cleanliness of your Home, Office or Retail facility. From the carpet, furniture, draperies, the basement, bedroom, to the restroom, classroom, the lobby, the dining room… Unwanted odors can develop and harbor almost anywhere. The way your place smells, sends a signal about the level of cleanliness in your place.

โšก๏ธ Ozone, with an Oยณ Generator there is no need to “saturate” the indoor Home, Office, RV, Camper or Car with strong Fragrances, which many guests find objectionable. There is a solution, simply close-off the Area to be treated, and let the ozone generator do its work. Turn the Timer-Dial clockwise to 20 minutes (more or less) the Ozone Generator will attack all odors at their sources, and leaves your space smelling fresh and clean.

โšก๏ธ Outdoors, nature eliminates Odors and Microorganisms with Lightning, using both UV light and Oยณ. When Indoors, most places that generate odors receive very little UV light or Oยณ. An Ozone Generator simulates “Lightning” by creating Oยณ {ozone} in a special process that utilizes high-voltage electric energy. Ozone sanitizes the atmosphere by oxidizing odors, microorganisms, viruses, bacteria, and other pollutants at their source indoors.

โšก๏ธ Nature creates Oยณ as a natural cleaner with Lightning created during Thunderstorms, the “thunder” is the sound created when lightning strikes the earth. Ozone is also created when the Sunlight’s UV rays strike the earthโ€™s atmosphere. Taking a walk outdoors after a thunderstorm and experience the clean, fresh smell in the air, that’s Oยณ, that’s ozone’s effect, after it has cleaned the Air.

โšก๏ธ Oxygen Oยฒ is converted to Oยณ, which is commonly called ozone. It reverts back to Oยฒ in about an hour if the Oยณ has not oxidized any more contaminants. This leaves the air fresh and clean because the source of the odor has been permanently destroyed; and there are no artificial odors so the space becomes free of odors, as nature intended. Employ the cleaning power of Nature and create an outdoor fresh environment in your home, office or facility.

โšก๏ธ The Oยน Oยฒ Oยณ of Oxygen, Oxidation, and Ozone โ€“ An Ozone machine when turned ON, “excites” Billions of Oxygen Molecules using Very High Voltage static-electricity โ€“ similar to a Lightning strike, which is a high-voltage static-electricity Discharge. Physically speaking, for every three Oxygen Oยฒ molecules, such as Oยฒ + Oยฒ + Oยฒ entering the Ozone Generator, the Hex-Plate delivers Two Oยณ + Oยณ molecules, at the rate of 5 grams of Oยณ Ozone Gas per hour of operation.

โšก๏ธ The Oยณ = Oยฒ + Oยน of Cleaning the Air โ€“ When high concentrations of Oยณ gas molecules, ozone gas molecules that are disbursed by an “ozone-generator” into a Billiard Hall, a Game Room, a Bar, a Garage, Basement, Trailer, or Camper… containing smelly Mold and Mildew, Cigar & Cigarette Smoke, or noxious gasses from evaporating Petroleum-based Paints & Solvents… For each Oยณ molecule of ozone gas, it breaks down autonomously into Oยฒ and Oยน โ€“ where the free radicle Oxygen atom, Oยน is consumed by oxidizing the smoke or paint vapors, and the remainder is an Oxygen molecule Oยฒ โ€“ that is released into the Game Room, Bar, Garage, Basement, Trailer, or Camper…

โšก๏ธ Ozone-Power Oยณ Generator is extremely effective for treating Homes, Condos, Hotel Rooms, Rental Apartments… plus Game Rooms, Billiard Rooms, Bars, Taverns, Garages, Trailers, Campers, Basements, where noxious odors have been absorbed into Carpets, Draperies, Blinds, Furniture, Bedding, Clothes, Closets, Floors, Walls, Ceilings, and Insulation materials.

โšก๏ธ Ozone-Power Oยณ Generator is extremely effective for treating Cars, Campers, and RV’s. Most have had the occasion that body-perspiration odors, strong food smells, and Cigarette Smoke have entered your Car. Because of the “closed quarters” in one’s Car, it’s very difficult to eliminate these odors absorbed into the upholstery, carpets, insulating materials, and the Car’s Air Conditioning system. Once odors get into the A/C System it seems impossible to cover it up with sprays and fragrances.

โšก๏ธ Car Odors Solution an Oยณ Generator is the magical solution. First step: Clean the Air Condition System. Use a 12vDC-to-120vAC Power Inverter to can power-up the Ozone Generator without the need for extension cords. [Living in a high-rise building in our Boca Raton City Center is wonderful, but it’s impossible to find a 120vAC outlet in our parking-garage].

โšก๏ธ Place the Ozone Generator on the Car’s windshield, with the Generator’s out-flow [the front of the machine] pointing towards the A/C’s fresh-air input vent. Know this, when ozone’ating the A/C system, the ozone passing through the A/C evaporator-coils and the Air-Filters, both of which are odor magnets, the Ozone enters the automotive Cabin, where the Oยณ attacks the continents absorbed in the carpets, upholstery, sound proof insulation, and the head-liners.

โšก๏ธ HONDA’s fresh-air outside vent is on the driver’s side, under the windshield-wiper trough. Start-up the Car, Turn on the A/C, setting it to Cold, making sure the “recirculating” option is Off, so that Fresh-air is brought in from outside the Car. Power up the Ozone Generator for 10 minutes. With the Car in Park, and Parking-Braked, exit the car with all doors and windows closed. Remain outside of the Car.

โšก๏ธ At the End of the Ozone Generator’s cycle, open all 4 doors of the Car, with the A/C running for 3 more minutes, to flush the remaining Ozone from the A/C system. Then Turn off the Car and unplug the Power Inverter. Remain outside the Car for another 10 minutes, then Lock it up for a few hours. That’s it. When you drive again, if there is any remaining Ozone odor, open up the Car Windows for a few minutes.

โšก๏ธ Travel Tip with an Oยณ Generator โ€“ Traveling out of town can be rewarding and stressful, particularly so, after the Check-In to your hotel room, and notice annoying odors, food smells, and latent cigarette smoke. The Oยณ Generator is relatively compact [9″x9″x7″] and light weight [4.9 pounds]. Next time you travel with an over-night stay, pack an Oยณ Generator into your suitcase.

โšก๏ธ Hotel Check-In, Unpack your Bags โ€“ then get ready to leave your hotel-room for your next meeting, cocktails or dinner โ€“ place the generator on a Luggage bench near the room’s A/C unit, so that most of the Ozone enters the A/C unit, eliminating odors that may accumulate internally. Make sure the A/C unit is turned-on, as it will help to circulate the Ozone around the Room. Rotate the Timer, Clockwise of the Oยณ Generator Timer for 5 minutes โ€“ only when you are ready to exit the Room. When ready to exit your hotel-room…

โšก๏ธ Plug the Oยณ Generator into the power-outlet, and exit the Room for 90 minutes, two hours is best, while you have a meeting, cocktails, or dinner. When you return, your hotel room will be freshly cleaned of all Odors.

โšก๏ธ Caution โ€“ Do not operate the Oยณ Generator while you are in your Hotel Room. Ozone in concentration is not poisonous, however it may irritate your eyes and mucus membranes. In 90 minutes the Ozone will assimilate, creating normal Oxygen. FYI, major Hotel Flags such as Hyatt, Marriott and Resort Properties for example, use Oยณ Generator treatments whenever Housekeeping staff notices unpleasant odors in the Hotel Room and Suites.

โšก๏ธ Ozone, Oยณ is a very powerful Oxidizer โ€“ Ozone also has a very short life-cycle. When contaminants such as odors, bacteria, and viruses make contact with ozone Oยณ the contaminants are destroyed completely by oxidation. In so doing, that extra atom of oxygen Oยน is consumed and the remainder is Oยฒ pure Oxygen โ€“ No odors, no bacteria, no extra Oยน atoms, only pure Oยฒ Oxygen. Ozone assimilates to oxygen Oยฒ quickly, and when oxidizing containments.

โšก๏ธ Oยณ Generators available on eBay โ€“ At the bottom of this article are two picture-slides showing 2 current offerings from the eBay Seller “collector_johnf” that I purchase from. The first Graphic displays the 5,000mg/hr Ozone Oยณ Generator plus a spare Hex Oยณ Generator Plate for $109.95. The 2nd graphic displayed is for 3500mg/hr ozone Oยณ Generator, a non-Hex-Plate generator, for $69.95. We highly recommend this eBay Seller. For clarity, the hex-plate-Ozone energizer is a new modern design generates 50% more Oยณ as compared to the standard flat-plane design.

โšก๏ธ The Ozone-Power 5000 Commercial Ozone Generator Air Purifier is simple to use and offers professional strength purification to those looking to control and eliminate odors from mold and mildew, smoke, and more in spaces up to 5,000 square feet. It produces Oยณ (Ozone) which is a naturally occurring form of Oxygen, which is very effective at breaking down [oxidizing] odors and noxious pollutants. Ozone is that clean โ€“ fresh smell in the air, following thunderstorms.

โšก๏ธ The Ozone, Oยณ Generator deodorizes and destroys odors emanating from Cigarette & Cigar Smoke, Pets Odors, Water Damage Odors, Fire & Smoke Damage, Mold & Mildew, Cooking odors, Cleaning Chemicals odors, Petroleum Paint odors, Floor Sealant and Carpet cleaning-fluid fumes, Bacteria & Germs, Air Pollution, Skunk spray odors. It is extremely effective for treating Hotel Rooms, Game Rooms, Billiard Halls, Bowling Alleys, Bars, Taverns, Garages, Basements, Trailers, or Campers where odors are absorbed in Carpets, Draperies, Blinds, Furniture, Floor Coverings, Walls, Ceilings, and Insulation materials.

โšก๏ธ Commercial Grade Equipment Design: This device is a true 5,000 mg/hr Ozone output, [5.0gm/hr Oยณ output] delivering a very high level of odor and germ destroying ozone.

โšก๏ธ Natural Oยณ Odor Remover: Ozone [Oยณ] is nature’s secret weapon for fighting odors and purifying the atmosphere. After thunder & lightning storms, one smells the “freshness” of the naturally “cleansed” atmosphere. This effect is what Ozone accomplishes as a result of the high-voltage Lightning traveling from the clouds down to the ground
โšก๏ธ Ozone [Oยณ] deodorizes all types of noxious odors: Cigar Smoke, Cigarette Smoke, Paint fumes, Wood Floor sealants, that may have been absorbed into Carpets, Draperies, Furniture, Floors, Walls, Ceilings and Insulation materials
โšก๏ธ Ozone [Oยณ] deodorizes and destroys Mould-Mildew and Spores collecting in unsealed walls and ceilings, damp and dark places like basements and closets, where odors are absorbed into Carpets, Draperies, Blinds, Furniture, Bedding, Clothes, Floors, Walls, Ceilings and Insulation materials
โšก๏ธ Ozone [Oยณ] deodorizes all Household Animal-Pet odors trapped in Homes, Garages, Trailers, Motor Homes, Barns, Rental Properties such as Cats and Cat litter boxes, Dogs, Horses, and other exotic pets, where odors have been absorbed into Blankets, Pet Beds, Carpets, Draperies, Blinds, Furniture, Bedding, Clothes in the Closets, Floors, Walls, Ceilings, and Insulation materials
โšก๏ธ Highly Portable Design โ€“ Ozone [Oยณ] Generator is housed in a portable compact 9″x9″x7″ light weight 4.9 pound cabinet using standard 120v AC, low power 80w design
โšก๏ธ Ozone [Oยณ] Generator weighs only 4.9 pounds and may be connected to a 150w “cigarette-lighter” DC-to-AC power inverter, to deodorize your Car, Boat, Trailer, Camper, or connect to a household [3-wire Grounded] extension cord of up to 100′ in length
โšก๏ธ Factory Warranty of 5 years for the Ozone [Oยณ] Generator. This extended warranty is the factory’s standard, giving peace of mind operation
โšก๏ธ Oยณ Generator’s Hex-Plate has a useful life of 10,000 hours of operation
โšก๏ธ Oยณ Generator’s Hex-Plate may be removed and Cleaned with mild dish-soap, rinse well three or more times in clean water, air-dry thoroughly before re-installing into the Oยณ Generator cabinet
โšก๏ธ Oยณ Generator’s Hex-Plate is user-replaceable
โšก๏ธ Oยณ Hex-Plate Generator Unit sells for under $95 currently
โšก๏ธ Oยณ Hex-Plate Generator Unit including a spare Oยณ Hex-Generation-Plate sells for under $110
โšก๏ธ Oยณ Generator’s Hex-Plate, when sold separately, currently sells for $45 if replacement is required.

โšก๏ธ How to Operate the Oยณ Generator โ€“ Plug the unit in to a standard 120v AC outlet โ€“ the Generator consumes 80 Watts of power. Use the built-in timer, by Rotating the Dial Clockwise, to the desired Treatment Time, calibrated in Minutes, set table from 10 minutes to 120 minutes. For the HOLD setting โ€“ the “Always On” mode โ€“ rotate the Timer Counterclockwise to the HOLD Position. Below are several Treatment-Time recommendations:

โšก๏ธ Cars, Vans, Limousines, set timer for 20-30 minutes
โšก๏ธ Rooms and Offices, Medium to Large spaces, set timer for 30-50 minutes
โšก๏ธ Basements 50-100 minutes
โšก๏ธ Entire Large House, Condominium and Apartments โ€“ set the timer to 100-120 minutes, place the Oยณ Hex-Plate Generator Unit near the “Return Air Duct” of the facility’s HVAC system โ€“ this will facilitate the distribution of the Ozone into all of the Rooms of an Office or Residential dwelling
โšก๏ธ While a room or other space is being treated, it should be unoccupied โ€“ the concentration of Ozone will make the air irritating to breath during treatment
โšก๏ธ After the Treatment โ€“ wait 45 min for the Ozone inside the treated-area to dissipate the ozone, which assimilates to Oxygen
โšก๏ธ The number of treatment cycles, that a room may require depends on the “strength” of the odor, the volume of the treatment-area, plus the wall and floor coverings โ€“ for example, if treating a 15’x15′ room with 10′ ceilings, this may require one or more 30-minute treatments โ€“ if the ceiling height is 12′ this room may require one or more 45-minute treatments โ€“ Also, if the room is fully Carpeted with floor-to-ceiling Draperies, the treatment time may require 60 minutes
โšก๏ธ For heavy Cigar & Cigarette Smoke Odors โ€“ it may be more effective to run the Oยณ Generator with Four separate 60 minute cycles over a two day period, rather a single 4 Hour non-stop one-day extended treatment
โšก๏ธ Ozone Oยณ Generator has a HOLD (always-on mode) feature which allows it to run for more than 2 hour extended period
โšก๏ธ Ozone Oยณ Generator when set to HOLD setting, may be paired with a wall-outlet-timer Switch, for automated Cycling in late evenings when occupants or customers are not present.

โšก๏ธโšก๏ธโšก๏ธ Oยณ Generator New Hex-Oยณ-Plate (Excited Powered Up)

โšก๏ธโšก๏ธโšก๏ธ Oยณ Generator Standard Flat-Oยณ-Plate (Excited Powered Up)



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Oยน Oยฒ Oยณ
Oโ‚ Oโ‚‚ Oโ‚ƒ

โ™ป๏ธ Mosquitos Spread ZIKA Virus โ™ป๏ธ EverSฤfeโ„ข STOPS Mosquito Bites โ™ป๏ธ All Natural Solution โ™ป๏ธ Just ADD Water โ™ป๏ธ SAFE & Non-Toxic โ™ป๏ธ

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โ™ป๏ธ Worried about Zika Virus… You should be. What we know about Zika is Frightening. However, there is too much we don’t know about Zika, including its long-term adverse health effects. EverSฤfe has the Solution that STOPS Mosquito Bites in the First Place. EverSฤfe may be the best kept secret in the USA.

โ™ป๏ธ EverSฤfe Bite Free Zone If residential Tap-Water or Bottled Water is not readily available, you may use rain-water, or Water from a fresh water Springs and Streams, or use fresh water from a Canal, Pond or Lake, while Camping, or at your Summer Home. In just 45 minutes after adding Water EverSฤfe produces a “Bite-Free Zone” of about 10,000 square feet, a 100′ by 100′ area, or about a 55′ Radius around your Camp-site.

โ™ป๏ธ Activate EverSฤfe by adding 1 cup (8oz) of room temperature Tap-Water or Bottled Water to the EverSฤfe Geo Bag Do not use Salt-water or Brackish water from Canals.

โ™ป๏ธ Within 45 minutes Mosquitos will not bite you, and it will prevent your pets from being bitten too. The best defense against the ZIKA Virus is don’t get Mosquito Bitten in the First Place.

โ™ป๏ธ Are Mosquitoes Driving you Buggy?. EverSฤfeโ„ข is an all Natural Solution that STOPS Mosquito Bites. EverSฤfe doesn’t chase Mosquitoes away; However, EverSฤfe’s aroma STOPS Mosquito Bites.

โ™ป๏ธ EverSฤfe is Non-Toxic โ€“ EverSฤfe does not actually kill mosquitos, it simply causes the fertile-females that pass into your “bite-free-zone” to Not Bite. Most importantly, EverSฤfeโ„ข is SAFE, Non-Toxic, and its GREEN.

โ™ป๏ธ What’s of Concern in the Medical Community. Many Months ago we learned of the Zika Virus and its potential Epidemic spread into the USA. The CDC mentioned concern of an America’s Pandemic in early 2016. Then many Medical “Talking Heads” on Network TV shows, attempted to control panic by down-playing Zika’s spread into the USA. In retrospect, this advice was not well advised.

โ™ป๏ธ Fast-Forward-to-Today Miami-Dade is reporting that there are over a dozen NEW Zika Virus infected residents, that were infected by domestic Mosquito bites. Those infected by the Zika Virus, will show symptoms that resemble a minor “Cold or FLU” displaying Low Fever, Muscular aches and pains, possible Redness of the Eyes. It is not a great “leap of faith” to deduce, if there are 12 known cases, then there may likely be 3, 4, 5 or 10 times the Dozen known cases in Miami-Dade.

โ™ป๏ธ Media Alerts about Mosquito Movement and Zika Infections. Our research indicates that Mosquitos generally remain relatively close to where they were “hatched.” However, South Florida has many active thunder-storms generating high winds, that often times carries Mosquito swarms miles away from their birth-place. Displayed below are 7-Factoids about Mosquito Travel.

๐Ÿœ Mosquitos Fly generally only 1000′ from where hatched
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos Fly distances of from One Mile to Three Miles
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos Fly up to 40 miles from where hatched, just a few species though
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos Fly at a Top speed of 2.2 feet per second
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos Fly at a Top speed of 132 feet per minute, or 1ยฝ MPH
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos Fly at or below an altitude of 25 feet usually
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos Fly Locally, but can be swept Miles away by Storms

โ™ป๏ธ Fourteen More Mosquito Factoids to clear up some mis-information about Mosquitos, how, when, where they “bite” and other unfounded conceptions:

๐Ÿœ There are about 175 mosquito species found in the United States
๐Ÿœ Two Most Common Mosquitos: Culex pipiens, and Aedes aegypti
๐Ÿœ The Anopheles quadrimaculatus is a Malaria carrying Mosquito
๐Ÿœ The Aedesand aegypti Mosquito, spreads Zika Virus & Encephalitis
๐Ÿœ Fertile Female Mosquitos Bite people, drawing Blood for her eggs
๐Ÿœ Male and Female Mosquitos feed mainly on fruit and plant nectar
๐Ÿœ Female Mosquito โ€œbiteโ€ occurs with a long pointed mouthpart called a Proboscis
๐Ÿœ Female Mosquitos use its serrated Proboscis to pierce the skin
๐Ÿœ Proboscis draws blood from a suitable capillary through its tubes
๐Ÿœ Mosquito Eggs can hatch in as little as an inch of standing water
๐Ÿœ Female Mosquitos will lay eggs up to three times in their lifetime
๐Ÿœ Female Mosquitos have 60-Day Lifespan in ideal conditions
๐Ÿœ Male Mosquitos have 10-Day lifespan, under ideal conditions
๐Ÿœ Female Mosquitos lay Eggs every 3 Days during their lifespan

โ™ป๏ธ EverSฤfeโ„ข is an All-Natural Mosquito Solutions for People & Pets. With EverSฤfeโ„ข you create a “People and Pet friendly” Bite-Free ZONE of approximately 10,000 square feet in your front yard, or the back yard, or the side yard, dock side, campsite, tennis court, soccer & football fields, barns, garages, virtually any outdoor area. With EverSฤfeโ„ข you create a Bite-Free ZONE without toxic foggers, No harmful sprays or powders.

โ™ป๏ธ EverSฤfe is packaged in a convenient GEO-Bag that has the all natural active ingredients locked inside. Simply open the Bag as you would open a bag of snack foods. Add about 8 ounces {1 Cup} of room-temperature water, gently move the bag from side to side to stir the contents. When EverSฤfe is mixed with Water, it is effective after 45 minutes, and well remain effective for 7-Days. For best results gently agitate the Bag on day number 4.

โ™ป๏ธ Place EverSฤfe about 20 feet from your Patio, Dock, Camping Tent. Best to hang the Green Bag on a twig in landscape shrubbery about 18" from the ground. Otherwise use a wire-clothes-hanger. EverSฤfe is effective in locations where the winds are calm or breezy. I have spoken to folks that live on the Fort Lauderdale, Florida’s intracoastal waterway, typically very windy, and loaded with lots of mosquitoes. EverSฤfe effectively maintained a People and Pet friendly Bite-Free ZONE, unaffected by the constant winds and breezes at their Water Front home.

โ™ป๏ธ EverSฤfe does not Kill Mosquitoes. EverSฤfe maintains a People and Pet friendly Bite-Free ZONE with no poisons or toxins. EverSฤfe works by creating a scent that changes a fertile Female Mosquito’s feeding habits, from obtaining blood, to eating plant-nectar. Male mosquitoes do not bite; only fertile Female mosquitoes bite humans and animals, to sustain their life-cycle. Therefor, once EverSฤfe has been activated with water, Mosquitoes may remain in your yard, however they will not bite. Mosquitoes may land on your arm, but they will not bite. EverSฤfe creates a Bite-Free ZONE, not a killing zone.

โ™ป๏ธ EverSฤfe Geo Bag is pre-punched for hanging. You may also hang the EverSฤfe Geo Bag on a fence or tree-trunk, using a small nail. EverSฤfe Geo Bag may be placed on a level surface, however, protect it from being tipped over by pets or folks walking about in your yard, patio or dock-side. When selecting a location to place EverSฤfe, avoid locations that are near sprinklers, as EverSฤfe is effective with 8oz {1 Cup} of room-temperature water; Do not permit the overfilling EverSฤfe with irrigation {sprinkler} water. Also it is best to chose a location where Rain Water will not overfill the EverSฤfe GEO-Bag.

โ™ป๏ธ EverSฤfe is sold at Home Depot Stores in Florida, Louisiana and Texas, with more markets coming soon. EverSฤfe is also available at HomeDepot on their on-line store. This is the direct Link to their On-Line Store: http://www.HomeDepot.com/p/EverSafe-2-oz-All-Natural-Mosquito-Control-Pouch-ES200/205669782

โ™ป๏ธ EverSฤfe is All Natural made entirely from plant extracts and releases a safe, natural scent that is irresistible to Female Mosquitoes and causes them Not to Bite.

โ™ป๏ธ Order EverSฤfe Mosquito Solution on-line go to: https://www.eversafeusa.com/category/all/

โ™ป๏ธ Everything You Wanted to know about Mosquitoes, but were afraid to Ask. Interesting Factoids about these Blood-Sucking Pests that have been with us for over 200 Million Years. Below are some informal research results that contains many interesting facts about Mosquitoes, their origins, behavior, flying speed, distances traveled, eating habits, and more. Here are 99 Interesting Factoids about these Blood-Sucking Pests that have been with us on Earth for over 200 Million Years

โ™ป๏ธ Everything You Wanted to know about Mosquitoes, but were afraid to Ask. Below are 100 Factoids of interest about Mosquitos that have been on Earth for over 200 Million Years:

๐Ÿœ Mosquito is a Spanish word for โ€œlittle fly"
๐Ÿœ The word Mosquito reportedly originated in the early 16th century
๐Ÿœ In Africa, mosquitoes are called โ€œMozziesโ€
๐Ÿœ There are more than 3,500 species of mosquitoes globally
๐Ÿœ There are about 175 mosquito species found in the United States
๐Ÿœ Anopheles quadrimaculatus, Culex pipiens, Aedes aegypti are most common
๐Ÿœ Anopheles quadrimaculatus mosquito is a malaria carrier
๐Ÿœ Culex pipiens and Aedesand aegypti, these mosquitos spread Encephalitis
๐Ÿœ Female Mosquitoes Bite people and draw Blood to feed her eggs
๐Ÿœ Male Mosquitoes never Bite people or animals for blood
๐Ÿœ Both Male and Female mosquitoes feed mainly on fruit & plant nectar
๐Ÿœ Female mosquitos needs Human Blood when fertile for her eggs
๐Ÿœ Female mosquitos rest 3 days after blood-feeding, before laying eggs
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos don’t have any teeth that "bite"
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos "bite" is really not a bite, its a puncture
๐Ÿœ The Female’s โ€œbiteโ€ occurs with her long pointed mouthpart proboscis
๐Ÿœ Female Mosquitos use their serrated Proboscis to pierce the skin
๐Ÿœ Proboscis draws blood from a suitable capillary by 1 of its 2 tubes
๐Ÿœ Proboscis is a very thin organic Hypodermic Needle with 2 tubes
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos "drink" up to three times its body-weight in blood
๐Ÿœ It would take a million bites to drain all the blood from your body
๐Ÿœ Female mosquitos can lay up to 300 eggs at a time
๐Ÿœ Mosquito eggs are deposited in clusters called Rafts
๐Ÿœ Rafts float on the surface of stagnant water
๐Ÿœ Mosquito eggs are laid in areas that flood regularly
๐Ÿœ Mosquito Eggs can hatch in as little as an inch of standing water
๐Ÿœ Females will lay eggs up to three times in their lifetime
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos spend their first 10 days of life in water
๐Ÿœ Water is necessary for the eggs to hatch into larvae
๐Ÿœ Mosquito egg larvae are commonly called wigglers
๐Ÿœ Wigglers feed on organic matter in stagnant water
๐Ÿœ Wigglers breathe air from the surface of stagnant water
๐Ÿœ Wigglers then develop into Pupae, partially encased in cocoons
๐Ÿœ Over several days, the Pupae change into adult mosquitoes
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos some varieties hibernate during "winter" months
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos are cold-blooded and prefer temperatures over 75ยฐF
๐Ÿœ Weather under 50ยฐF mosquitoes hibernate for the winter
๐Ÿœ Female mosquitos find holes waiting for warmer weather
๐Ÿœ Female mosquitos lay eggs in freezing water, then mom dies
๐Ÿœ Mosquito eggs may survive Winter until temperatures rise above 50ยฐF
๐Ÿœ Female mosquitos have 60-Day Lifespan in good conditions
๐Ÿœ Males mosquitos have 10-Day lifespan, under ideal conditions
๐Ÿœ Female mosquitos lay Eggs every 3 Days during their lifespan
๐Ÿœ Female mosquito species that hibernate, may live six months
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos have six legs, a head, thorax, and abdomen
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos Head has two large compound eyes
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos Head has two ocelli (simple eyes)
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos Head has two antennae and a the nasty Proboscis
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos Proboscis, the body-part that penetrates human skin
๐Ÿœ Mosquito has two large, scaled wings sprout from the thorax
๐Ÿœ Midges and Crane Flies are often mistaken for large mosquitos
๐Ÿœ Biting Midges, smaller than Crane Flies, shorter wings, feed in swarms
๐Ÿœ Mosquito "traps" often times attracts and kills biting midges
๐Ÿœ Crane flies are much larger than mosquitoes, up to 1ยฝ" long
๐Ÿœ Crane flies do not bite, however, feed on Mosquitos
๐Ÿœ Male Mosquitos locate Females by the sound of their wings
๐Ÿœ Females can beat their wings up to 500 cycles per second
๐Ÿœ Males Mosquitos select higher frequency of those beats for a mate
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos do not generally fly very far nor very fast
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos can fly distances of from one to three miles
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos generally stay within 1000 feet of where hatched
๐Ÿœ Salt Marsh Mosquito species may travel up to 40 miles
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos fly at a Top speed is 2.2 feet per second
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos fly at Top speed is 132 feet per minute, or 1ยฝ MPH
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos generally fly at or below an altitude of 25 feet
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos species are found at 8,000 feet in the Himalayas
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos can smell the human breath and the aroma of sweat
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos have antenna receptors to detect carbon dioxide
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos use CO2 to find humans that exhale and perspire
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos use CO2 as "flight-trails"to find a source of blood
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos speak Perspiration (sweat) to help choose their victims
๐Ÿœ Human skin produces more than 340 chemical odors and aromas
๐Ÿœ Human skin odors smell like "lunch and dinner" to mosquitos
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos smell octenol, a chemical released in human sweat
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos smell cholesterol, folic acid, certain bacteria
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos smell skin lotions and certain perfumes
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos smell Animal Body-Heat are markers and targets
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos use heat-sensors of its mouthparts detecting body-heat
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos use heat-sensors to detect human blood under skin
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos use heat-sensors to find plump capillaries for tapping
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos feed during the sunrise, daytime, sunset, and nighttime
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos, the Aedes variety are generally daytime “biters”
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos, the Culex variety start "biting" at dusk for hours
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos have been around the earth since the Jurassic period
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos have been on earth for 210 million years
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos have been mentioned by Aristotle around 300 BC
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos have been mentioned by Sidonius Apollinaris, 467 BC
๐Ÿœ The bumps-welts on one’s skin is result of mosquito "bites"
๐Ÿœ The bumps-welts caused by mosquito saliva injected into the bite
๐Ÿœ One tube housed within the proboscis draws blood
๐Ÿœ Second tube housed within the proboscis pumps mosquito saliva
๐Ÿœ Mosquito saliva contains a mild painkiller and an anti-coagulant
๐Ÿœ Most people after a mosquito "bite" react with an allergic reaction
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos saliva causes the bite-location to swell and itch
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos saliva injected in Humans, may carry Zika Virus
๐Ÿœ Malaria is caused by a parasite that lives in mosquitos
๐Ÿœ Malaria parasite in mosquito saliva, passed to humans when bitten
๐Ÿœ West Nile Virus + other viruses are passed when Mosquitoes "bite"
๐Ÿœ Mosquitos may also carry and pass on canine heart-worms
๐Ÿœ Scientists in 1937 identified a feverish woman in West Nile, Uganda
๐Ÿœ Large outbreaks of the Virus reported in Israel and South Africa in late ’90’s
๐Ÿœ West Nile Virus first appeared in USA in 1999 with an epidemic in NYC

โ™ป๏ธ Simply add water, to the Eco-Bag unit and place nearby, and enjoy an environment virtually free of mosquitoes and their troublesome bites for one week. It creates a Bite Free ZONE covering about 10,000 square feet around your Pool, Patio, Barbecue, Water front yard, Back Yard, Barn, Stable, Golf Putting Greens and Practice T’s, almost any out-door setting.

โ™ป๏ธ Mosquitoes: Are Mosquitoes Driving You Absolutely Buggy? Recently reported Mosquitos are Spreading Diseases. If mosquitoes bite an Animal or another Human, and then that same Mosquito then bites you… You could infected with the bacteria or viruses from the others that the mosquito recently drew blood from.

โ™ป๏ธ A Mosquito biting you is very similar to sharing Contaminated Hypodermic Needles. The Mosquito’s Proboscis functions as the insect’s hypodermic needle, as injects you, seeking a blood capillary under your skin. The scary part of the story: this same mosquito may have bitten a seriously diseased person 30 miles away several hours ago, then bit You. There is an All Natural Solution – EverSฤfeโ„ข ~ It simply WORKS, Just Add Water ~ Its SAFE and GREEN ๐Ÿ‡ โ›ณ๏ธ โšฝ๏ธ โšพ๏ธ โ™ป๏ธ

โ™ป๏ธ One EverSฤfeโ„ข Eco-Bag unit protects 1/3 of an acre, a 75 foot circle, 100 foot by 100 foot area, about the size of an average backyard. In most conditions, EverSฤfeโ„ข causes your yard full of mosquitoes to stop biting, in about two hours and lasts up to one full week. The container, either an Eco-Bag or the Green Pyramid’s tough exterior stands up to harsh environments, yet it’s small enough to blend in discreetly with your landscaping, yard, Golf Course, Barn, Athletic Fields, Theme Parks, Hotel Grounds, Putting Greens, Golf Driving Ranges.

โ™ป๏ธ Heavy Mosquito infestations or areas blocked by buildings, plants or trees, simply hang multiple EverSฤfeโ„ข bags around the perimeter of the area you want to protect. Position the bags 50 to 100 feet apart and 20 to 70 feet away from where people and pets are most likely to be. Keep the bag stationary and in one location, and your protection will last up to one week. EverSฤfe will not work if it is in motion.

โ™ป๏ธ To order this amazing Mosquito Solution on-line go to: https://www.eversafeusa.com/category/all/

โ™ป๏ธ EverSafeโ„ข All-Natural Mosquito Control – Eco-Bag EverSฤfeโ„ข safely and effectively controls mosquitoes in virtually any outdoor environment. Simply add water, place EverSฤfeโ„ข outside and enjoy the outdoors again, Bite-Free.

โ™ป๏ธ Controls mosquitoes for 1 week
โ™ป๏ธ Protects 1/3 of an acre- the size of an average backyard, for larger yards use two or three EverSฤfeโ„ข units
โ™ป๏ธ Use in backyards, gardens, patios and pools, playgrounds, RV sites and campsites, driving ranges, sports fields, barns and stables, and more
โ™ป๏ธ Safe for the earth, people, pets and wildlife
โ™ป๏ธ 100% natural; made with plant and botanical ingredients
โ™ป๏ธ Nontoxic and DEET-free
โ™ป๏ธ EverSฤfeโ„ข replaces toxic foggers, messy lotions, and harmful sprays
โ™ป๏ธ Easy to place the Pyramid or hang the Eco-Bag in your landscape
โ™ป๏ธ Easy to use: just add Water
โ™ป๏ธ Expandable: use multiple units to protect larger areas or for heavy infestations
โ™ป๏ธ Small and portable, convenient of you are going Camping
โ™ป๏ธ No power, no candles, and no batteries needed
โ™ป๏ธ Recyclable Bag

โ™ป๏ธ EverSafeโ„ข Two-Pack Refill. Want more mosquito-free time outdoors? Our refill packets can refresh your pyramid unit for more EverSฤfeโ„ข results! Thoroughly rinse out the unit, add 1 cup of water and one EverSafe refill, and experience another full week of bite-free protection
โ™ป๏ธ For use with EverSฤfe All-Natural Mosquito Control units
โ™ป๏ธ Each refill keeps mosquitoes away for up to a week
โ™ป๏ธ Safe for the earth, people, pets and wildlife
โ™ป๏ธ 100% natural; made with plant and botanical ingredients
โ™ป๏ธ Nontoxic and DEET-free
โ™ป๏ธ Replaces toxic foggers, messy lotions, and harmful sprays
โ™ป๏ธ Easy to use: just add water
โ™ป๏ธ Refill package contains 2 one-week activating packets: 1.41 Oz (40g) for each packet

โ™ป๏ธ To order this amazing Mosquito Solution on-line go to: https://www.eversafeusa.com/category/all/


โ™ป๏ธ Mosquitoes โ™ป๏ธ Are Mosquitoes Driving You Buggy โ™ป๏ธ Mosquitos are also Spreading Diseases โ™ป๏ธ There IS an All Natural Solution โ™ป๏ธ EverSฤfeโ„ข โ™ป๏ธ It simply WORKS โ™ป๏ธ Just Add Water โ™ป๏ธ Its SAFE and its GREEN โ™ป๏ธ

Pleased you’re reading, with about 100,000 readers world-wide, growing by 1000/week, giving motivation as new topics are published every day. Spread the Word to your friends, family, and associates; Forward the link below, post it on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Social Networks for their review,, Anyone may subscribe, its secure and confidential; Every time I publish an article, WordPress will send a reminder (no Ads of course) with a link to my new Story: http://FAU4U2.WordPress.com/

Perspective: These articles are created to inform a diverse audience, whether it be photography, digital cameras, lenses, Image editing, Apps, Smartphones, iPads, iPhones, Laptops and related products, Health & Wellness, or any news-worthy topic. The purpose is to inform, from sources that are believed to be reliable, and stimulate Dialogue.

To learn more about what else we do, take a moment and visit these links, browse around. We are pleased with over 26 Million visits as of January, 2016: http://www.416-1100.com.

If digital Imaging is of interest, I teach a course named “Principles of Digital Imaging and Post Image Processing” as an Adjunct Prof at FAU: http://www.416-1100.com/FAU-Classes/Principles-of-Digital

When I do what I do… I usually do it here.

As a “Health Nut” for Health & Wellness; http://www.Jim.Wilson.Isagenix.com

As many of my friends, family and students know, I am an avid iPad adopter since its release April, 2010. With Apple’s release of the Retina-Display iPad PRO, (I sold my iPad 4 to Gazelle.com) applied the proceeds to purchase the “mini” with 128GB of Storage, AT&T connectivity, plus added Logitech’s CREATE Keyboard Case.

โšก๏ธ Portable LiON-Polymer 20,000 mAh Power Bank โšก๏ธ Very High Capacity โšก๏ธ Take it Everywhere โšก๏ธ

1470084720.jpg

โšก๏ธ Finally a “Just One is Enough for On-The-Go Power” โ€“ With a huge 20,000 milli-AmpHour, 20 AmpHr, Capacity and Very Portable at 16oz net-weight, just 1 Pound, is perfect for all Road Trips or whenever-whyenever you need to charge your iPhone, iPad, and other 5vDC mobile USB Port devices. You should always have one or more of these Power Sources in your Office, Home, Patio, Pool Side, Car, Desk, Briefcase, Purse. For Business & Personal Trips, Disney World, Parties, BBQs, Boating, outdoor activities like, Picnics, Camping, Mountain Climbing.

โšก๏ธ As we live in South Florida in the subtropics, where Power outages are relatively common, we have 4 of these amazing Power Supplies, to sustain our 2 iPhones, 2 iPads, 2 ๏ฃฟWatches โ€“ being able to Recharge all our iDevices for more than a Week.

โšก๏ธ Serious Capacity โ€“ 20,000 mAh can charge an iPhone 6 more than 7 times, a Galaxy S6 about 5 times, or an iPad Mini two times. There is no need to worry about iPhone battery running out. Talk to your friends, play games, or surf the internet for as long as you want.

โšก๏ธ Save Time โ€“ Build with Dual Input reCharging Ports (4A Input), 20,000 mAh Power Bank can be refilled to Capacity in 6 hours with the dual 2A [4Amp] input, reducing the recharging time 50%.

โšก๏ธ Fast Portable Device Charging โ€“ Build with 4-Port USB Port, the power bank can charge 4 devices simultaneously. Automatically identify the type of device and deliver the suitable electric current for your device like the original power adapter by Smart Technology.

โšก๏ธ Bright Flashlight โ€“ Built-in LED flashlight for dark or low-light environments. It is useful especially you are in a pinch and need a small light during a blackout. Specifications

โšก๏ธ Capacity: 20,000 mAh = 74Watt-hours
โšก๏ธ LiON Battery Pack has multiple Lithium-Polymer cells
โšก๏ธ Input: DC 5V @ 4A (max charging rate)
โšก๏ธ Output: DC 5V @ 4.8A (max output rate)
โšก๏ธ Size: 6.57″ x 3.1″ x 0.86 = 167mm x 80mm x 22mm
โšก๏ธ Net Weight: 16oz = 454g
โšก๏ธ What’s Included when U buy
โšก๏ธ EasyAcc Power-Bank 20,000mAh
โšก๏ธ Micro USB Cables, quantity 2 Cables
โšก๏ธ User Manual
โšก๏ธ Warranty: 18 months

โšก๏ธ 20,000 mAh High Capacity: Charge an iPhone 6 over 7 times, a Samsung S6 about 5 times or an iPad-Mini-3 Two times. Life Saver, a Unique 4A Dual ports input (charger adapter not included), can be superfast recharged in 6 hours, reduce the recharging time up to 50% than usual 20,000 mah battery. Fast Charging: 4.8A Output with 4 USB Ports.

โšก๏ธ Power Supple Auto detects and Matches its Charging Speed to your Device’s Fastest Charging Speed up to 2.4A, which is two-times faster than a traditional computer’s 1.0 Amp USB port. Power Supply Charges 4 Devices simultaneously. Safety Protection, Prevents your Devices from over-charge, over-current, short-circuits + conformity to CE, RoHS, FCC

โšก๏ธ Just One-is-Enough-On-the-Go philosophy. The Top Rated Power Bank. Outstanding customer service provides 18 months warranty.

Amazon Link to EASY ACC Battery Displayed Above: https://goo.gl/KiQVE3

โšก๏ธ EasyAcc 20,000 mAh LiON-Polymer Power Bank, a 4-USP Port USB 24 Watt, 4.8Amp Charger โ€“ Charges from 1-to-4 iPhones and iPads in any combination simultaneously. The Image[s] below represents a reproduction of the EasyAcc Operating Manual packaged with this Power Bank.

โšก๏ธ iClever 4-Port 40Watt USB Charger โ€“ Charges up to 4 EasyAcc Back-Up Power Banks, or charge 2 Power Banks using dual-charge inputs in half the time, unique to Easy Acc 20,000 Power Bank.



Pleased you’re reading โ€“ with over 100,000 Readers world-wide, growing by thousands each month, gives motivation for new topics published daily. Spread the Word to your friends, family, and associates; Forward this page, post the link on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Social Networks for their review,, Anyone may subscribe, its secure and confidential; Every time I publish an article, WordPress will send a reminder (no Ads no Mailing Lists) with a link to each new Article: http://FAU4U2.WordPress.com/

Perspective: These articles are created to inform a diverse audience, whether it be photography, digital cameras, lenses, Image editing, Apps, Smartphones, iPads, iPhones, Laptops and related products, Health & Wellness, or any news-worthy topic. The purpose is to inform, from sources that are believed to be reliable, and stimulate Dialogue.

As a "Health Nut" for Health & Wellness; http://www.Wilson.2016.Isagenix.com

Donation Link โ€“ In preparation of these articles, hours of research, image editing and the graphics used to amplify your reading. Tender Donation, use LINK Below

PayPal’s Donations Page: https://goo.gl/A9Qneb

To learn more about what else we do, take a moment and visit these links, browse around. We are pleased with 26,123,614 visits as of March 7, 2016: http://www.416-1100.com.

If digital Imaging is of interest, I teach a course named "Principles of Digital Imaging and Post Image Processing" as an Adjunct Prof at FAU: http://www.416-1100.com/FAU-Classes/Principles-of-Digital

As friends, family and students know, I’m an avid and early adopter of iPad since its release April, 2010. When Apple released [November, 2015] the 12.9″ Retina-Display iPad PRO, (having sold a MacBook Pro to Gazelle.com) then purchased the 12.9″ iPad PRO configured with 128GB of Storage, 4GB memory, AT&T connectivity, plus Apple Pencil and Brydge Pro Keyboard Cover, and a DECODED natural leather slip-over protective folio.

โšก๏ธ EasyAcc LiON 10,000 mAh Ultra-slim Power Pack – EasyAcc’s 37.5 Watt-Hours of Power can recharge your iPhone 5S FIVE times โšก๏ธโšก๏ธโšก๏ธ

1402344082.jpg

โšก๏ธโšก๏ธ A unique looking Power pack, more than just a power-pack, and its in variety of colors. EasyAcc has a highly compact design, super portable, easy to hold in your hand and put anywhere your want, in your pocket, briefcase, purse, handbag, desk drawer, or your car’s glove-box.

โšก๏ธโšก๏ธ At $19.49 each What’s Not to Like… EasyAcc Powerful 10,000 mAh Ultra-slim Power Pack provides 37.5 Watt-Hours of Portable Power that can recharge your iPhone several times.

โšก๏ธโšก๏ธ Living is the Sub-Tropics, South Florida, with Hurricane threats, having several of the EasyAcc Back-up Power packs, will keep our Two iPhones and Two iPads charged, even if the Power-Lines are down for a full week. We bought 4 units for back-up power and emergency purposes

โšก๏ธโšก๏ธ EasyAcc contains a powerful 10,000mAh โšก๏ธ rechargeable power capacity, the equivalent of 10 Ampere Hours, or 37.5 Watt-Hours of power. This power will provide to your iPhone enough power to keep it running (about 4 full-charges to your iPhone or 3 full-charges for Samsung’s Galaxy).

โšก๏ธโšก๏ธ Dual USB output: Charge two iPhones or an iPad plus an iPhone at full-power, USB Output 1: 5V 2.4A, USB Output 2: 5V 1.5A. EasyAcc has advanced power-lock technology delivering back-up power after charging it 6 months ago. I can attest to the the EasyAcc’s ability to hold its charge for many months.

โšก๏ธโšก๏ธ Portable Charger: Suitable for a wide range of occasions, such as commuting, in the office, working late in the office, keep it in the office for back-up, keep it in your Car’s glove-box, for parties, BBQs, outdoor activities like camping, mountain climbing, and picnics.

โšก๏ธโšก๏ธ The EasyAcc Portable Charger, Stylish & portable design; Perfect for long plane flights, road trips; Carry the mobile power wherever you go; charge your devices any time any where.

โšก๏ธโšก๏ธ Security protection design: short-circuit and over current protection; The device will automatic shutdown when short circuit or overload output happened to avoid destroy the device and accident.

 

http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00H9BEC8E/ref=oxyaosproductrefresh_T1



Pleased you’re reading, with over 86,000 readers world-wide, giving motivation as new topics are published every day. Spread the Word to your friends, family, and associates; Forward the link below, post it on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Social Networks for their review,, Anyone may subscribe, its secure and confidential; Every time I publish an article, WordPress will send a reminder (no Ads of course) with a link to my new Story: http://FAU4U2.WordPress.com/

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Perspective: These articles are created to inform a diverse audience, whether it be photography, digital cameras, lenses, Image editing, Apps, Smartphones, iPads, iPhones, Laptops and related products, Health & Wellness, or any news-worthy topic. The purpose is to inform, from sources that are believed to be reliable, and stimulate Dialogue.

If digital Imaging is of interest, I teach a course named "Principles of Digital Imaging and Post Image Processing" as an Adjunct Prof at FAU: http://www.416-1100.com/FAU-Classes/Principles-of-Digital

 

When I do what I do… I usually do it here.

As a "Health Nut" for Health & Wellness; http://www.Jim.Wilson.Isagenix.com

As many of my friends, family and students know, I am an avid iPad adopter since its release April, 2010. With Apple’s release of the Retina-Display iPad Mini, (I sold my iPad 4 to Gazelle.com) applied the proceeds to purchase the "mini" with 128GB of Storage, AT&T connectivity, plus added Logitech’s UltraThin Keyboard Cover, and an ACME MADE San Francisco rubberized thin slip-over protective case. This thin package actually fits into my trousers pocket.

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โšก๏ธ As we live in South Florida in the subtropics, where Power outages are relatively common, we have 4 of these amazing Power Supplies, to sustain our 2 iPhones and 2 iPads โ€“ being able to Recharge each iDevice for over a Week’s time.

โšก๏ธ Serious Capacity โ€“ 20,000 mAh can charge an iPhone 6 more than 7 times, a Galaxy S6 about 5 times, or an iPad Mini two times. There is no need to worry about iPhone battery running out. Talk to your friends, play games, or surf the internet for as long as you want.

โšก๏ธ Save Time โ€“ Build with Dual Input reCharging Ports (4A Input), 20,000 mAh Power Bank can be refilled to Capacity in 6 hours with the dual 2A [4Amp] input, reducing the recharging time 50%.

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โšก๏ธ Capacity: 20,000 mAh = 74Watt-hours
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โšก๏ธ What’s Included when U buy
โšก๏ธ EasyAcc Power-Bank 20,000mAh
โšก๏ธ Micro USB Cables, quantity 2 Cables
โšก๏ธ User Manual
โšก๏ธ Warranty: 18 months

โšก๏ธ 20,000 mAh High Capacity: Charge an iPhone 6 over 7 times, a Samsung S6 about 5 times or an iPad-Mini-3 Two times. Life Saver, a Unique 4A Dual ports input (charger adapter not included), can be superfast recharged in 6 hours, reduce the recharging time up to 50% than usual 20,000 mah battery. Fast Charging: 4.8A Output with 4 USB Ports.

โšก๏ธ Power Supple Auto detects and Matches its Charging Speed to your Device’s Fastest Charging Speed up to 2.4A, which is two-times faster than a traditional computer’s 1.0 Amp USB port. Power Supply Charges 4 Devices simultaneously. Safety Protection, Prevents your Devices from over-charge, over-current, short-circuits + conformity to CE, RoHS, FCC

โšก๏ธ Just One-is-Enough-On-the-Go philosophy. The Top Rated Power Bank. Outstanding customer service provides 18 months warranty.

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โšก๏ธ EasyAcc 20,000 mAh LiON-Polymer Power Bank, a 4-USP Port USB 24 Watt, 4.8Amp Charger โ€“ Charges from 1-to-4 iPhones and iPads in any combination simultaneously. The Image[s] below represents a reproduction of the EasyAcc Operating Manual packaged with this Power Bank.

โšก๏ธ iClever 4-Port 40Watt USB Charger โ€“ Charges up to 4 EasyAcc Back-Up Power Banks, or charge 2 Power Banks using dual-charge inputs in half the time, unique to Easy Acc 20,000 Power Bank.



Pleased you’re reading โ€“ with over 100,000 Readers world-wide, growing by thousands each month, gives motivation for new topics published daily. Spread the Word to your friends, family, and associates; Forward this page, post the link on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Social Networks for their review,, Anyone may subscribe, its secure and confidential; Every time I publish an article, WordPress will send a reminder (no Ads no Mailing Lists) with a link to each new Article: http://FAU4U2.WordPress.com/

Perspective: These articles are created to inform a diverse audience, whether it be photography, digital cameras, lenses, Image editing, Apps, Smartphones, iPads, iPhones, Laptops and related products, Health & Wellness, or any news-worthy topic. The purpose is to inform, from sources that are believed to be reliable, and stimulate Dialogue.

As a "Health Nut" for Health & Wellness; http://www.Wilson.2016.Isagenix.com

Donation Link โ€“ In preparation of these articles, hours of research, image editing and the graphics used to amplify your reading. Tender Donation, use LINK Below

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To learn more about what else we do, take a moment and visit these links, browse around. We are pleased with 26,123,614 visits as of March 7, 2016: http://www.416-1100.com.

If digital Imaging is of interest, I teach a course named "Principles of Digital Imaging and Post Image Processing" as an Adjunct Prof at FAU: http://www.416-1100.com/FAU-Classes/Principles-of-Digital

As friends, family and students know, I’m an avid and early adopter of iPad since its release April, 2010. When Apple released [November, 2015] the 12.9″ Retina-Display iPad PRO, (having sold a MacBook Pro to Gazelle.com) then purchased the 12.9″ iPad PRO configured with 128GB of Storage, 4GB memory, AT&T connectivity, plus Apple Pencil and Brydge Pro Keyboard Cover, and a DECODED natural leather slip-over protective folio.

๐Ÿ’ง Ultrasonic Diffusers ๐Ÿ’ง 16 Best Essential Oils

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๐Ÿ’งDiffuse the Essential Oil of your Choice in any Room and Dรฉcor โ€“ Many Ultrasonic Diffusers operate with 7 LED Colors, smooth Transitioning of the Colors, or Fix any Color to suit your Dรฉcor and Mood desired. Anjou Essential Oil Diffuser contains a large 10oz {300ml} water reservoir and bright-frosted-polyethylene dome, more exposed than the Natura model, because of Anjou’s large translucent dome; however, the internal ultrasonic electronics-packages are almost identical.

๐Ÿ’งHaving examined and disassembled several Ultrasonic Diffusers, the internals were near identical in engineering, including the 120-240vAC to 24vDC power-plug cord-sets. Apparently an Electrical-Engineering entity developed the internal 2.4mHz ultrasonic diffuser box coupled to a uniform piezo-electric ceramic transducer, plus the auto-off circuit, the 7-Color LED array with individual-color selection or infinite-color transitions, coupled to a miniature muffin-fan found in delicate electronic systems.

๐Ÿ’งApparently, these uniform “internal packages” have been licensed to a variety of Ultrasonic Diffusion product fabricators, who have made available 3oz and 10oz Water Reservoir configurations. Then marketing Firms have packaged the Internals into attractive natural wood bamboo-bases, with etched glass domes for the $70/unit category, down to the “loss-leader” basic-model of white PVC bases, with finely frosted polyethylene-domes of all shapes, sizes and patterns, priced under from $20 to $40. All of this is a good thing, as tens of thousands of these Ultrasonic Diffusers have been sold globally, yielding many โญ๏ธโญ๏ธโญ๏ธโญ๏ธโญ๏ธ Customer Reviews.

๐Ÿ’งWe use Anjou diffuser in our bedroom for a better nightโ€™s sleep, with its all night 8-hours of continuous operation. Most of the Ultrasonic Diffusers currently available have Water Reservoirs of from 3oz to 10oz {100ml to 300ml} capacity. The water capacity is the primary factor for the duration of Operation.

๐Ÿ’งAnjou Essential Oil Ultrasonic Diffuser โ€“ Add 10oz {300ml} of purified water to the Diffuser, then add several drops the Pure Essential Oil of choice. You’ll be amazed as unpleasant odors (cooking and pet odors) are rapidly replaced by your favorite fragrance, in addition to the healthy humidification of your Dwelling.

๐Ÿ’งOur Favorite 16 Essential Oils: Lemongrass, Lavender, Tea Tree, Eucalyptus, Cinnamon Leaf, Ylang Ylang, Jasmine, Geranium, Frankincense, Roman Chamomile, Clove Leaf Oil, Lemon, Juniper Berry, Basil, Thyme, Rosemary, in order as described below, where these 100% pure essential oils are discussed individually as to their Aromatherapeutic benefit, and their alternate medicinal uses, as determined thousands of years ago, dating back to Ancient Egypt, Greece, China, and Rome.

๐Ÿ’งFeeling tired after a Day’s Work, Enjoy a Fresh Change with an Essential Oil Diffusion, with one or more essential oils of your choice. Dwelling Atmospheric Diffusion benefits your lifestyle by reducing fatigue, relieving insomnia, and lowering mental stress. Itโ€™s time for you to enjoy a good nightโ€™s sleep and an energetic morning. Below is a summary of our 16 favorite Essential Oils

๐Ÿ’งSave Your Skin โ€“ Quiet Ultrasonic Diffusers Humidifies the Air and keeps your living space clean of Bacteria and properly moisturized. Air Conditioning tends to remove moisture from one’s Dwelling. Diffusion will replenish your room’s humidity, lost by you A/C refrigeration evaporators. Diffusion is an easy way to protect your family, especially with Anjou’s large 10oz water capacity which delivers over 8-Hours of continuous operation. Diffuser’s auto shut-off feature, turns the device off when the diffuser runs out of water, protecting the piezo-electric crystal, the heart of the Ultrasonic Water Agitation. More on this a bit later.


๐Ÿ’งEssential Oils are used in Aromatherapy and Natural Topical Treatments. Essential oil benefits come from their antioxidant, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties. Made from the aromatic essences of plants, essential oils have a remarkable ability to affect a person’s well-being. Careful selection of oils is a very personal choice. However, we have highlighted 16 of our favorite Essential Oils for readers to consider. For those beginning their adventure with Aromatherapy, we have created an Essential Collection of 8 Oils, based on their unique characteristics and benefits as well as their ability for blending, for your unique aromatic preference and therapeutic needs.

๐Ÿ’งAn Essential Collection of 8 Oils: Ylang Ylang, Tea Tree, Frankincense, Eucalyptus, Cinnamon Leaf, Rosemary, Lemongrass & Lavender oils. All of these essential Oils are 100% pure and natural, offering a huge variety of applications and benefits, that can help you achieve physical, emotional, mental and spiritual well-being. Note, Majestic Essential Oils are available in 4oz bottles that include a convenient glass-dropper, for placing the Oils into the Diffuser reservoir. Other brands may not provide a dropper, such as NOW Foods Oils, where I bought separate glass-droppers for a $1.65 added cost.


๐Ÿ’งView the Anjou Diffuser online and current pricing at Amazon’s site, click onto this Link: https://goo.gl/Bcenzq


๐Ÿ’งView the Natura Diffuser online and current pricing at Amazon’s site, click onto this Link: https://goo.gl/alGmyL


๐Ÿ’งNatura Ultrasonic Diffuser alternatively contains a smaller 100ml [3 oz] of pure water is mixed with 5 to 20 drops of Eucalyptus Essential Oil, one of our favorites for example. Add more drops of Oils to Diffuse a more robust Aroma.

๐Ÿ’งHow do Ultrasonic Diffusers Work โ€“ As one turns-On the Diffuser, a thin Piezo-Electric Ceramic-Wafer is energized with low-voltage, high frequency electrical signal; This causes the internal thin Piezo-Electric Ceramic-Wafer to Vibrate to a very high 2.4 Million cycles per second.

๐Ÿ’งWhat is a Piezo-Electric Ceramic-Wafer. Briefly it is a special ceramic formulation that mimics Quartz, that when energized with an electrical-frequency, the wafer Rapidly-Vibrates in sync with the frequency applied to both faces of a thin ceramic wafer. Conversely, if wires are attached to both sides of a Piezo-Electric-Wafer, where the Wafer is Vibrated, the Crystal generates an Electrical-Signal to the frequency of the Vibration.

๐Ÿ’งWith Ultrasonic Diffusers, high-frequency electric signals are applied to a thin, flat Piezo-Electric Crystal, causing the Crystal to Vibrate at ultra-sonic speeds, causing a hyper-Agitation, which becomes a cold-water-oil Diffusion of Vapors. The water-oil “moisture” is silently hyper-agitated, creating billions of microscopic droplets. A miniature super-quiet “Muffin-Fan” is housed in the base of the Diffuser, which gently move Air from the base of the diffuser, up and into the main Agitation Chamber, then continues upward and exits the Top-Spout.

๐Ÿ’งUltra-rapid Vibrations of the Piezo-Electric Quartz Wafer, “vigorously but silently agitates” the water to such an extent it causes the Water and Oil mixture to hyper-diffuse into billions of microscopic cool water-oil-droplets. An internal micro-muffin-fan silently and gently pushes the diffusion up and out of the top of the Bamboo housing. The Diffusion emitted is not hot, as it’s not steam. Rather, the Diffusion is a cool microscopic diffusion of water-droplets plus the essential oil added.

๐Ÿ’งAdd Few Drops of Natural Essential Oils to 10oz or 3 oz of Water in the Polyethylene reservoir, depending on your Diffuser model. Add pure Water first, then add 5-20 drops of an Essential Oil, or combination of Oils. Aromatherapy runs for 4 to 8 hours of continuous operation; or select intermittent-operation for 8-12 hours of aroma diffusion. Essential Oils Ultrasonic Diffuser Aromatherapy supports all natural essential oils such as Majestic and NOW Essential Oils, which we display in this writing.

๐Ÿ’ง Recently we have Abandoned the use of Fragranced Candles. Accordingly, we purchased several Ultrasonic Diffusers, and fully appreciate the versatility of the fragrances available to support a variety of moods and venues. Notice the diffuser on our kitchen-dining room pass-through, pictured below.

๐Ÿ’งAromaTherapy uses a Steam Distillate of plant flowers and organics, producing a liquid concentrate of aromatic plant oils, including Essential Oils, and other aromatic compounds for the purpose of altering one’s mood, cognitive, psychological or physical well-being. Diffusion may be offered as a complementary therapy or, more controversially, as a foundation of an alternative medicine. Complementary therapy can be offered alongside standard treatments, with alternative medicine offered instead of conventional, evidence-based treatments. Below are 12 selected popular Essential Oils, displaying their benefits when used.

๐Ÿ’งAromaTherapists specialize in the practice of aromatherapy, utilizing a Singular Essential Oil and Blends of therapeutic Essential Oils that can be “delivered” through topical application, massage, diffusion inhalation, and water immersion, to stimulate a desired response. There is no medical evidence that aromatherapy either prevents or cures disease; however, it might help improve general well-being. Below is a short High Definition video-clip showing this Ultrasonic Diffuser in action inside and outside…




๐Ÿ’ง Essential Oils are delivered in highly concentrated forms that are very popular in Aromatherapy and used by Diffusers. These concentrated Oils may irritate the skin when used in an undiluted form. Therefore, for topical treatments the Oils are normally diluted with a carrier oil or quality creams, for topical application, such as jojoba oil, olive oil, or coconut oil. Photo-Toxic reactions may occur when using Lemon Citrus Peel Oils. Some oils may be Toxic to Domestic Animals, where household Cats are particularly prone to certain Oils’ Toxicity. Watch this brief helpful video-clip for assembly and disassembly.

๐Ÿ’งBelow are Features of the NATURA Ultrasonic Diffuser

๐Ÿ’ง Water Capacity polyethylene reservoir, 100 mL, 3 oz, Note: Over-Filling will significantly reduce Diffusion
๐Ÿ’ง Suggested Room Size for each diffuser: 200-300 sq ft
๐Ÿ’ง Continuous Diffuser Operation: Approximately 4 hours
๐Ÿ’ง Intermittent Diffuser Operation: 8 hours of 30 seconds on, 30 seconds off
๐Ÿ’ง Light Emitting Diode modes: Select one of 7-Solid Colors or Transitioning through all 7-Colors
๐Ÿ’ง Power requirements: Universal 120v-240vAC adapter delivers 24vDC included, UL safety approved
๐Ÿ’ง Automatic safety shut-off occurs when fluid-tank is near empty
๐Ÿ’ง When reservoir is empty, Rinse well before changing Oil, caution, do not touch the Ultrasonic Transducer in the bottom-center of the water reservoir
๐Ÿ’ง Physical Size: 3.25″ Diameter x 6.50″ High, Weight 17oz

๐Ÿ’งUse of Essential Oils for Therapeutic, Spiritual, Hygienic and Ritualistic purposes goes back thousands of years to Ancient Civilizations including the Egyptians, Greeks, Chinese, Indians, and Romans who used Essential Oils in Aromatics, Cosmetics, Perfumes and Drugs.

๐Ÿ’งEssential Oils were described by Dr. Pedanius Dioscorides, a prominent physician 2000 years ago, along with beliefs of the time regarding their healing properties, in his De Materia Medica, written in the first century, [circa. 75AD]. Dr. Pedanius Dioscorides lived 40AD to 90AD, was a prominent Physician, Pharmacologist and Botanist of his Century, the author of De Materia Medica, a 5-volume Encyclopedia about Herbal Medicine and related medicinal substances (a Pharmacopeia), that was widely read for over 1,500 Years.

๐Ÿ’งDr. Dioscorides wrote De Materia Medica in his native Greek language. He was employed as a medic in the Roman Army. Distilled essential oils have been employed as medicines since the invention of purification by distillation a thousand years later, when Avicenna isolated essential oils using steam distillation. Essential Oils are the result of distillation of organics such as: Plants Parts, Flowers, Leaves, Woods, and Roots.

๐Ÿ’ง Our Sixteen Favorite AromaTherapeutic Essential Oils. Most of these Oils are Diffused in our Dwelling for their robust fragrances, with the added benefit of relieving Stress, Anxiety, Depression, to render a sense of Meditation, Relaxation, Usefulness, Anti-Depression, and Comfort. The 16 Essential Oils described below are our personal favorites, describing the uses, benefits, aroma, fragrance, and other medicinal purposes discovered from Ancient Civilizations.

๐Ÿ’งLemongrass Essential Oil has the effect of boosting self-esteem, confidence, hope and mental strength, and tends to Uplifts Spirits and Fights Depression. This can be very helpful to drive away depression due to failures in their career, personal life, insecurity, loneliness, stagnation, death in the family and many other reasons. This also relieves anxiety.

๐Ÿ’ง Lemongrass Oil, works as an antidepressant can be systematically administered to patients of acute depression who are undergoing rehabilitation after acute shock. Basically, take lemongrass with your tea and relax. Analgesic โ€“ reduces pain and inflammation, and helps relieve pain in muscles and joints, as well as toothaches and headaches resulting from viral infections like cough, cold, influenza, fever.

๐Ÿ’งLavender Oil is an invaluable Essential Oil in both Perfumery and Aromatherapy. The therapeutic benefits of Lavender are varied and many. It is perhaps the most versatile essential oil, used for many conditions affecting the digestive, respiratory and nervous systems and in the treatment of muscular and joint pain. Last but not least, Lavender is used for treating skin disorders as well as for use in skin care and cosmetics. It is one of the very few essential oils that can be used “neat” (un-diluted) on the skin to treat burns, wounds, bites, and scars. It is used in skin-care and for keeping insects at bay [as a repellant] as well as to ease their bites. Lavender is used in facial care, soaps, foot care, deodorants and powders for its aroma and therapeutic benefits.

๐Ÿ’งTea Tree Oil is one of two essential oils (Lavender being the other) which is often used to combat the spread of airborne bacteria during illness, Diffuse 8 drops of Tea Tree Oil in an ultrasonic diffuser, or mix 20 drops with 200ml of spring water in a glass plant sprayer and spray directly into the air, shaking well before each use.

๐Ÿ’งTea Tree Oil drops may be used “neat” on the skin in small amounts by applying one or two drops directly to spots, cuts, insect bites, stings, blisters and problems such as warts, verrucae, cold sores, shingles and Chickenpox lesions. During prolonged or debilitating illness blend 3 to 6 drops of Tea Tree Oil in 2 teaspoons of vegetable oil [as a carrier] for a stimulating massage.

๐Ÿ’ง Use Tea Tree Oil, combined with Eucalyptus or Peppermint oils, in an Ultrasonic Diffuser for direct inhalation can be a very effective method of easing the airways during respiratory infections, catarrh, colds or flu. Add 5 drops to a diffuser, cover the head with a towel and inhale the vapors for several minutes, using the Diffuser as an Organic Nebulizer. 5 drops added to a warm bath can help induce sweating to lower a fever during illness. To soothe troublesome feet add 3 to 5 drops of oil to a warm foot bath and soak the feet daily.

๐Ÿ’งEucalyptus Essential Oil is obtained from fresh leaves of the tall, evergreen eucalyptus tree. The tree, scientifically classified as Eucalyptus Globulus is also known as fever tree, blue gum tree or stringy bark tree, depending on where it is located in the world. The health benefits of eucalyptus oil used as an anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, decongestant, deodorant, as an antiseptic, anti-bacterial, as a stimulant.

๐Ÿ’ง Eucalyptus essential oil is colorless and has a distinctive taste and odor. Eucalyptus oil has most of the properties of a typical volatile oil, it is very popular Aromatherapy oil in recent centuries. The health benefits of eucalyptus oil have stimulated a great deal of exploration into its usage in aromatherapy as well as in conventional medicine.

๐Ÿ’ง Cinnamon Leaf Essential Oil with Diffusion Aromatherapy, soothes Exhaustion, Feelings of Depression and Weakness. Cinnamon leaf oil has a warm spicy musky aroma. Cinnamon oil can be used in blended massage oils or diluted in warm bathwater, using a premium quality, 100% pure and natural cinnamon oil. Cinnamon oils are non-toxic, generally contain no additives, unfiltered, undiluted, and no fillers. Cinnamon Leaf Essential Oil in therapeutic grade oils are suitable for Vegetarians and Vegans. Majestic Brand offers essentials oils packaged in large 4 oz Bottles with a premium quality glass dropper inside each package, for ease-of-use, is quite helpful.

๐Ÿ’งYlang Ylang Oil is very aromatic and most effective uses come from inhalation and use in an Ultrasonic Diffuser. It is used in flavoring, most notable in bubble gum. Topically Ylang Ylang Oil is a gentle oil, and is often used in calming blends. Ylang Ylang is also considered effective in baths and massage. This Essential Oil derived from Ylang-Ylang can actually activate romance within couples, and may improve couples sexual life. This can be very beneficial for those people who have lost interest in sex due to tremendous work load, stress, depression, and the effects of pollution.

๐Ÿ’งNatural essential oils like Ylang-Ylang can be helpful with one’s Libido, as the loss of sexual drive or frigidity is a growing problem in modern cultures. Ylang-ylang Oil is also very effective agent for lowering blood pressure. High Blood Pressure [Hypertension] is a major health epidemic among the population. Some of the drugs prescribed for lowering Blood Pressure may have serious adverse drug reactions.

๐Ÿ’ง Ylang-Ylang oil can be an easy and natural Aromatherapy solution. Ylang-Ylang Essential Oil is a health booster for the nervous system. It strengthens the nervous system and repairs any damage it may have suffered. Oil Diffusion reduces stress on the nerves and protects them from developing a number of nervious-system disorders. This oil sedates or calms nervous afflictions, stress, anger and anxiety, while inducing a relaxed feeling.

๐Ÿ’งJasmine Essential Oil; a premium quality 100% pure and natural, non-toxic, no additives, unfiltered and undiluted with no fillers. Jasmine essential oil has a sweet, exotic, and richly floral aroma. Jasmine essential oil blends particularly well with bergamot, rose, sandalwood and citrus oils. Jasmine oil may be mixed in creams and lotions for dry, greasy or sensitive skin. Jasmine is also used as a remedy to help eliminate stretch marks and scars.

๐Ÿ’งJasmine Essential Oil in Aromatherapy can be useful for easing nervousness, soothing coughs, promoting relaxation and easing tension. Majestic Packages their oils in large 4 oz with a premium quality glass dropper included, for ease-of-use. Packaging the glass dropper is a definite convenience. NOW foods also produces this Essential Oil. However, Majestic makes it available 4oz quantities including a convenient quality glass-dropper.

๐Ÿ’งGeranium Essential Oil is 100% natural, steam distilled and pure geranium oil essential oil. Pure Geranium oil is non-toxin, non-irritant with no additives, unfiltered and undiluted. Pure Geranium oil is used in Aromatherapy, delivers a sweet floral fragrance, safe for topical application and can be mixed with other essential oils such as lavender, rosemary, lemon. It may be combined with carrier oils for massage therapy. Geranium oil has anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties, often used in herbal soap bars, and also used as a natural insect repellent. The Large 4 oz bottle includes a premium quality glass dropper inside each bottle package for ease-of-use.

๐Ÿ’งFrankincense Essential Oil, Boswellia Serrata, in Aromatherapy it promotes feelings of peace and relaxation, a must-have oil for your home. Frankincense Oil is extracted from the resin of Frankincense trees. Frankincense has been a popular ingredient in cosmetics and incense burners for centuries.

๐Ÿ’งFrankincense has even been found in the remains of ancient Egyptian and Anglo-Saxon civilizations. Frankincense oil used as a bath soak which promotes feelings of peace and relaxation. It’s a natural antiseptic, disinfectant, and deodorizer. Frankincense oil blends well with many essential oils such as lemon, orange, lavender, lime, etc. For topical applications, it’s necessary to dilute it with a carrier oil such as fractionated coconut oil.

๐Ÿ’งRoman Chamomile essential oil is used in aromatherapy for anti-infectious, anti-inflammatory, calming and relaxing properties, helps with emotions, anger anxiety and fighting stress, boosts self esteem, confidence, and mental strength while efficiently fighting depression. Chamomile has been used for centuries to calm and prepare you for a restful sleep, making it a popular oil to use before bed.

๐Ÿ’งRoman Chamomile, spiritually speaking also said to support a person who is seeking their purpose or struggling with feeling of purposelessness. It can help one to overcome discouragement, disappointment, or hopelessness, and find clarity and focus on the things that bring meaning to their lives and the lives of others. Diffuse through the Dwelling before and during allergy season, and inhale directly when allergies flare up. For BEE Stings, apply a single drop topically, or dilute with coconut oil and massage into the bitten-area.

๐Ÿ’งClove Essential Oil is a very potent oil offering wonderful properties from stimulating the mind and reducing stress to calming pain in arthritis and rheumatism. Clove oil is used in aromatherapy, as massage blend, as mouthwash and also known for its skin care properties. In aromatherapy, clove oil can be useful to help reduce stress, while strengthening memory and fighting weakness and lethargy.

๐Ÿ’งClove oil has a warm, strong, spicy smell. It can be used in a blended massage oil, starting with low dilution of less than 1%. Clove oil is used for skin care remedies. It can be used in a low amounts as part of a mouthwash for toothache. Clove Leaf Oil is 100% pure and natural, extracted by distillation from the leaves.

๐Ÿ’งLemon Essential Oil, diffuse lemon oil to clear cigarette smoke and other unpleasant odors, and will help uplift and energize one’s mood. Lemon oil benefits skin by deeply nourishing it. Lemon oil is a natural disinfectant. Pure lemon oil is concentrated and useful when diluted with a carrier oil such as jojoba, fractionated coconut oil, grape-seed, or almond oil is recommended.

๐Ÿ’งLemon oil has multiple household benefits with its powerful, fresh and purifying citrus scent that is energizing and uplifting. It has wonderful antiseptic cleansing and cooling properties. Moreover, dilute before using on sensitive areas such as the face, neck, etc. Lemon oil is also used in laundry to remove smell, to clean greasy hands and in wood and silver polish. Lemon Essential Oil is fabricated by cold pressed extractions from lemon rinds.

๐Ÿ’งBasil Essential Oil, in aromatherapy is known to help with migraines, headaches and to help increase concentration and clear the mind. Basil oil blends well with oils such as bergamot, black pepper, cedarwood, fennel, ginger, geranium, grapefruit, lavender, lemon, marjoram, neroli and verbena. Adding basil oil to a warm bath may reduce muscular pains.

๐Ÿ’งJuniper Essential Oil, is extracted from Juniperus Communis, of the Cupressaceae family and is also known as common juniper. It has fresh, clear but slightly woody aroma. Juniper oil is used in aromatherapy to help stimulate and strengthen the nerves and bolster the spirits in challenging situations. Juniper Oils are known to help with various skin conditions and commonly used in skin care remedies.

๐Ÿ’งJuniper oil is extracted from the berries, as well as the needles and wood, extracted from the berries, as it is a more superior essential oil than that extracted from the twigs and needles. It has a fresh, clear but slightly woody aroma. Juniper has a history of being used against various diseases and household uses.

๐Ÿ’งJuniper Essential oil is known to help calm the nerves, relieves anxiety, nervous tension and mental exhaustion. It is helpful for cellulite and fluid retention. Juniper oil is also considered effective for acne, eczema, oily skin, weeping eczema, psoriasis and alleviates inflammation. Juniper oil is extracted from dried, crushed or slightly dried ripe fruit by steam distillation

๐Ÿ’งBasil essential oil is often used in aromatherapy, as it is known to awaken the mind to clarity of thought. It has a beneficial action on the respiratory tract and is often used for sinus infections. It is also known to help with insect bites, particularly that of mosquitoes. The Majestic Pure Basil Oil is 100% pure and Natural. It is extracted by steam distillation from the leaves and the flowering tops

๐Ÿ’งThyme Essential Oil strengthens the nerves, aids memory and concentration, can help with the feeling of exhaustion. Thyme oil is known to boost the immune system and can help fight colds, flu, infectious diseases and chills. The warming effect of this oil can help with aches and pains. Pure Thyme Oil is 100% pure and natural. it is extracted from the fresh or partly dried flowering tops and leaves of the plant by water or steam distillation. Be sure to buy a premium quality thyme essential oil; 100% pure and natural, non-toxic, with no additives, unfiltered and undiluted with no fillers. This defines “Therapeutic Grade.”

๐Ÿ’งThyme Oil is suitable for Vegetarians and Vegans and a great aromatherapy oil offering many personal care medicinal benefits. Additionally the oil may be diluted as a mouthwash or as a gargle, thyme oil can help with gum infections. It could also help with animal bites and boils.

๐Ÿ’งRosemary Essential Oil is one of the most popular aromatherapy oils, used since ancient times as a medicinal and culinary herb by the Greeks and Romans due to its therapeutic properties. Rosemary is well known benefits for skin, hair and health, a must-have oil for your home. Rosemary essential oil is extracted through steam distillation. It is known to elevate the spirits, calm the mind, neutralize stress, and promote a sense of happiness.

๐Ÿ’งRosemary has other health benefits such as helping with stiff muscles. It is also great for hair and skin care and is used as an ingredient in several products such as skin care cleansers, soaps, face masks, toners and creams. It is safe for topical application, although dilution with a carrier oil such as jojoba or fractionated coconut oil is recommended. Pure Rosemary Essentials Oil is steam distilled, high quality oil extracted from the leaves and flowers of rosemary plant.

๐Ÿ’งAromatherapy concepts were first spoken of by a small number of European scientists and doctors, in the early 1900’s. In 1937, the word “Aromatherapy” first appeared in print in a French book on the subject: Aromathรฉrapie: Les Huiles Essentielles, Hormones Vรฉgรฉtales by Renรฉ-Maurice Gattefossรฉ, a chemist. In 1910, Gattefossรฉ burned his hand badly and later claimed he treated it effectively with lavender oil. A French surgeon, Jean Valnet, pioneered the medicinal uses of essential oils, which he used as antiseptics in the treatment of wounded soldiers during World War II.

๐Ÿ’ง Hormone specialist at the University of Cambridge claimed “… these oils may mimic estrogens” and “people should be careful about using essential oil products.” The Aromatherapy Trade Council of the UK has of course issued their rebuttal. The Australian Tea Tree Association, a group that promotes the interests of Australian Tea Tree Oil Producers, exporters and manufacturers issued a letter that questioned the validity of the study and called on the New England Journal of Medicine for a retraction. The New England Journal of Medicine has not replied as of date of this article, [July, 2016] and has not retracted the study.

๐Ÿ’งAs with other Bioactive Substance, an Essential Oil that may be safe for the general public, may still pose hazards for pregnant women, lactating mothers, and domestic House Pets. While some folks advocate the ingestion of certain essential oils for therapeutic purposes, most licensed aromatherapy professionals do not recommend self-prescription of essential oils, as some Oils are highly toxic.

๐Ÿ’งEucalyptus Oils, and some very common oils are extremely toxic when taken internally. Use this oil only in aromatherapy diffusion. Doses of eucalyptus oil ingested in as low a dose of One Teaspoon have been reported to cause clinically significant adverse symptoms, where severe poisoning may occur after ingestion of just 4ml. A few reported cases of toxic reactions like liver damage and seizures have occurred after ingestion of these Essential Oils: Sage, Hyssop, Thuja, and Cedar Oils.

๐Ÿ’ง CAUTION: Ingestion of Eucalyptus, Sage, Hyssop, Thuja, and Cedar essential oils may be Poisonous to Adults and Children, if ingested in minute quantities. Therefor Adults are cautioned, and be sure these Oils are not in the reach of Children.

๐Ÿ’งNATURA is an Essential Oils Ultrasonic Diffuser crafted from fallen exotic rain-forest trees in Thailand supported by SpaRoom contributions towards Thailand’s re-Forestation efforts. Attractively machined from Solid Natural Bamboo-Wood, houses the Ultrasonic Piezo-Electric diffusion technology, which generates effective therapeutic diffusion. Make your choice of the Essential Oils suited to Your Mood or for Your Guests.



Pleased you’re reading โ€“ with over 100,000 readers world-wide, growing by thousands each month, gives motivation for new topics published daily. Spread the Word to your friends, family, and associates; Forward this page, post the link on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Social Networks for their review,, Anyone may subscribe, its secure and confidential; Every time I publish an article, WordPress will send a reminder (no Ads no Mailing Lists) with a link to my new Article: http://FAU4U2.WordPress.com/

Perspective: These articles are created to inform a diverse audience, whether it be photography, digital cameras, lenses, Image editing, Apps, Smartphones, iPads, iPhones, Laptops and related products, Health & Wellness, or any news-worthy topic. The purpose is to inform, from sources that are believed to be reliable, and stimulate Dialogue.

As a "Health Nut" for Health & Wellness; http://www.Wilson.2016.Isagenix.com

Donation Link โ€“ In preparation of these articles, hours of research, image editing and the graphics used to amplify your reading. Tender Donation, use LINK Below

PayPal’s Donations Page: https://goo.gl/A9Qneb

To learn more about what else we do, take a moment and visit these links, browse around. We are pleased with 26,123,614 visits as of March 7, 2016: http://www.416-1100.com.

If digital Imaging is of interest, I teach a course named "Principles of Digital Imaging and Post Image Processing" as an Adjunct Prof at FAU: http://www.416-1100.com/FAU-Classes/Principles-of-Digital

As friends, family and students know, I’m an avid and early adopter of iPad since its release April, 2010. When Apple released [November, 2015] the 12.9″ Retina-Display iPad PRO, (having sold a MacBook Pro to Gazelle.com) then purchased the 12.9″ iPad PRO configured with 128GB of Storage, 4GB memory, AT&T connectivity, plus Apple Pencil and Brydge Pro Keyboard Cover, and a DECODED natural leather slip-over protective folio.

๐Ÿ’ง Everything You Wanted to Know about Essential Oils Diffusion โ€“ but were Afraid to Ask ๐Ÿ’ง๐Ÿ’ง

1469387869.jpg

๐Ÿ’งNATURA is an Essential Oils Ultrasonic Diffuser crafted from fallen exotic rain-forest trees in Thailand supported by SpaRoom contributions towards Thailand’s re-Forestation efforts. Attractively machined from Solid Natural Bamboo-Wood, houses the Ultrasonic Piezo-Electric diffusion technology, which generates effective therapeutic diffusion. Make your choice of the Essential Oils suited to Your Mood or for Your Guests.

๐Ÿ’งEverything You Want to Know about Essential Oil Diffusion, but were Afraid to Ask. Natura is a Ultrasonic Diffuser, where 100ml [3 oz] of pure water is mixed with 5 to 20 drops of Eucalyptus Essential Oil, one of our favorites for example. Use more drops of Oils to Diffuse a more robust Aroma. When Natura is turned on, a thin Quartz-Crystal Wafer is energized with low voltage electricity, which causes the Quarts-Wafer to Vibrate to a very high 40,000 Hz frequency.

๐Ÿ’งUltra-rapid Vibrations of the Piezo-Electric Quartz Wafer, “vigorously but silently agitates” the water to such an extent it causes the Water and Oil mixture to hyper-diffuse into billions of microscopic cool water-oil-droplets. An internal micro-muffin-fan silently and gently pushes the diffusion up and out of the top of the Bamboo housing. The Diffusion emitted is not hot, as it’s not steam. Rather, the Diffusion is a cool microscopic diffusion of water-droplets plus the essential oil added.

๐Ÿ’งAdd Few Drops of Natural Essential Oils to 3.5 oz of Water in the Polyethylene reservoir. Add pure Water first, then add 5-20 drops of an Essential Oil, or combination of Oils. Aromatherapy runs for 4 hours of continuous operation; or select intermittent-operation for 8 hours of aroma diffusion. Natura Essential Oils Ultrasonic Diffuser Aromatherapy supports all natural essential oils such as Majestic and NOW Essential Oils, which we display in this writing.

๐Ÿ’ง Recently we have Abandoned the use of Fragranced Candles. Accordingly, we purchased several Bamboo housed NATURA ultrasonic Diffusers, and fully appreciate the versatility of the fragrances available to support a variety of moods and venues. Notice the diffuser on our kitchen-dining room pass-through, pictured below.

๐Ÿ’งAromaTherapy uses a Steam Distillate of plant flowers and organics, producing a liquid concentrate of aromatic plant oils, including Essential Oils, and other aromatic compounds for the purpose of altering one’s mood, cognitive, psychological or physical well-being. Diffusion may be offered as a complementary therapy or, more controversially, as a foundation of an alternative medicine. Complementary therapy can be offered alongside standard treatments, with alternative medicine offered instead of conventional, evidence-based treatments. Below are 12 selected popular Essential Oils, displaying their benefits when used.

๐Ÿ’งAromaTherapists specialize in the practice of aromatherapy, utilizing a Singular Essential Oil and Blends of therapeutic Essential Oils that can be “delivered” through topical application, massage, diffusion inhalation, and water immersion, to stimulate a desired response. There is no medical evidence that aromatherapy either prevents or cures disease; however, it might help improve general well-being. Below is a short High Definition video-clip showing this Ultrasonic Diffuser in action inside and outside…

๐Ÿ’ง Essential Oils are delivered in highly concentrated forms that are very popular in Aromatherapy and used by Diffusers. These concentrated Oils may irritate the skin when used in an undiluted form. Therefore, for topical treatments the Oils are normally diluted with a carrier oil or quality creams, for topical application, such as jojoba oil, olive oil, or coconut oil. Photo-Toxic reactions may occur when using Lemon Citrus Peel Oils. Some oils may be Toxic to Domestic Animals, where household Cats are particularly prone to certain Oils’ Toxicity. Watch this brief helpful video-clip for assembly and disassembly.

๐Ÿ’งBelow are Features of the NATURA Ultrasonic Diffuser

๐Ÿ’ง Water Capacity polyethylene reservoir, 100 mL, 3 oz, Note: Over-Filling will significantly reduce Diffusion
๐Ÿ’ง Suggested Room Size for each diffuser: 200-300 sq ft
๐Ÿ’ง Continuous Diffuser Operation: Approximately 4 hours
๐Ÿ’ง Intermittent Diffuser Operation: 8 hours of 30 seconds on, 30 seconds off
๐Ÿ’ง Light Emitting Diode modes: Select one of 7-Solid Colors or Transitioning through all 7-Colors
๐Ÿ’ง Power requirements: Universal 120v-240vAC adapter delivers 24vDC included, UL safety approved
๐Ÿ’ง Automatic safety shut-off occurs when fluid-tank is near empty
๐Ÿ’ง When reservoir is empty, Rinse well before changing Oil, caution, do not touch the Ultrasonic Transducer in the bottom-center of the water reservoir
๐Ÿ’ง Physical Size: 3.25″ Diameter x 6.50″ High, Weight 17oz

๐Ÿ’งUse of Essential Oils for Therapeutic, Spiritual, Hygienic and Ritualistic purposes goes back thousands of years to Ancient Civilizations including the Egyptians, Greeks, Chinese, Indians, and Romans who used Essential Oils in Aromatics, Cosmetics, Perfumes and Drugs.

๐Ÿ’งEssential Oils were described by Dr. Pedanius Dioscorides, a prominent physician 2000 years ago, along with beliefs of the time regarding their healing properties, in his De Materia Medica, written in the first century, [circa. 75AD]. Dr. Pedanius Dioscorides lived 40AD to 90AD, was a prominent Physician, Pharmacologist and Botanist of his Century, the author of De Materia Medica, a 5-volume Encyclopedia about Herbal Medicine and related medicinal substances (a Pharmacopeia), that was widely read for over 1,500 Years.

๐Ÿ’งDr. Dioscorides wrote De Materia Medica in his native Greek language. He was employed as a medic in the Roman Army. Distilled essential oils have been employed as medicines since the invention of purification by distillation a thousand years later, when Avicenna isolated essential oils using steam distillation. Essential Oils are the result of distillation of organics such as: Plants Parts, Flowers, Leaves, Woods, and Roots.

๐Ÿ’ง Our Twelve Favorite AromaTherapeutic Essential Oils. Most of these Oils are Diffused in our Dwelling for their robust fragrances, with the added benefit of relieving Stress, Anxiety, Depression, to render a sense of Meditation, Relaxation, Usefulness, Anti-Depression, and Comfort. The 12 Essential Oils described below are our personal favorites, describing the uses, benefits, aroma, fragrance, and other medicinal purposes discovered from Ancient Civilizations.

๐Ÿ’งLemongrass Essential Oil has the effect of boosting self-esteem, confidence, hope and mental strength, and tends to Uplifts Spirits and Fights Depression. This can be very helpful to drive away depression due to failures in their career, personal life, insecurity, loneliness, stagnation, death in the family and many other reasons. This also relieves anxiety.

๐Ÿ’ง Lemongrass Oil, works as an antidepressant can be systematically administered to patients of acute depression who are undergoing rehabilitation after acute shock. Basically, take lemongrass with your tea and relax. Analgesic โ€“ reduces pain and inflammation, and helps relieve pain in muscles and joints, as well as toothaches and headaches resulting from viral infections like cough, cold, influenza, fever.

๐Ÿ’งLavender Oil is an invaluable Essential Oil in both Perfumery and Aromatherapy. The therapeutic benefits of Lavender are varied and many. It is perhaps the most versatile essential oil, used for many conditions affecting the digestive, respiratory and nervous systems and in the treatment of muscular and joint pain. Last but not least, Lavender is used for treating skin disorders as well as for use in skin care and cosmetics. It is one of the very few essential oils that can be used “neat” (un-diluted) on the skin to treat burns, wounds, bites, and scars. It is used in skin-care and for keeping insects at bay [as a repellant] as well as to ease their bites. Lavender is used in facial care, soaps, foot care, deodorants and powders for its aroma and therapeutic benefits.

๐Ÿ’งTea Tree Oil is one of two essential oils (Lavender being the other) which is often used to combat the spread of airborne bacteria during illness, Diffuse 8 drops of Tea Tree Oil in an ultrasonic diffuser, or mix 20 drops with 200ml of spring water in a glass plant sprayer and spray directly into the air, shaking well before each use. The Tree Oil my be used “neat” [full strength] on the skin in small amounts by applying one or two drops directly to spots, cuts, insect bites, stings, blisters and problems such as warts, verrucae, cold sores, shingles and Chickenpox lesions. During prolonged or debilitating illness blend 3 to 6 drops of Tea Tree Oil in 2 teaspoons of vegetable oil [as a carrier] for a stimulating massage.

๐Ÿ’ง Use Tea Tree Oil, combined with Eucalyptus or Peppermint oils, in an Ultrasonic Diffuser for direct inhalation can be a very effective method of easing the airways during respiratory infections, catarrh, colds or flu. Add 5 drops to a diffuser, cover the head with a towel and inhale the vapors for several minutes, using the Diffuser as an Organic Nebulizer. 5 drops added to a warm bath can help induce sweating to lower a fever during illness. To soothe troublesome feet add 3 to 5 drops of oil to a warm foot bath and soak the feet daily.

๐Ÿ’งEucalyptus Essential Oil is obtained from fresh leaves of the tall, evergreen eucalyptus tree. The tree, scientifically classified as Eucalyptus Globulus is also known as fever tree, blue gum tree or stringy bark tree, depending on where it is located in the world. The health benefits of eucalyptus oil used as an anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, decongestant, deodorant, as an antiseptic, anti-bacterial, as a stimulant.

๐Ÿ’ง Eucalyptus essential oil is colorless and has a distinctive taste and odor. Eucalyptus oil has most of the properties of a typical volatile oil, it is very popular Aromatherapy oil in recent centuries. The health benefits of eucalyptus oil have stimulated a great deal of exploration into its usage in aromatherapy as well as in conventional medicine.

๐Ÿ’ง Cinnamon Leaf Essential Oil with Diffusion Aromatherapy, soothes Exhaustion, Feelings of Depression and Weakness. Cinnamon leaf oil has a warm spicy musky aroma. Cinnamon oil can be used in blended massage oils or diluted in warm bathwater, using a premium quality, 100% pure and natural cinnamon oil. Cinnamon oils are non-toxic, generally contain no additives, unfiltered, undiluted, and no fillers. Cinnamon Leaf Essential Oil in therapeutic grade oils are suitable for Vegetarians and Vegans. Majestic Brand offers essentials oils packaged in large 4 oz Bottles with a premium quality glass dropper inside each package, for ease-of-use, is quite helpful.

๐Ÿ’งYlang Ylang Oil is very aromatic and most effective uses come from inhalation and use in an Ultrasonic Diffuser. It is used in flavoring, most notable in bubble gum. Topically Ylang Ylang Oil is a gentle oil, and is often used in calming blends. Ylang Ylang is also considered effective in baths and massage. This Essential Oil derived from Ylang-Ylang can actually activate romance within couples, and may improve couples sexual life. This can be very beneficial for those people who have lost interest in sex due to tremendous work load, stress, depression, and the effects of pollution.

๐Ÿ’งNatural essential oils like Ylang-Ylang can be helpful with one’s Libido, as the loss of sexual drive or frigidity is a growing problem in modern cultures. Ylang-ylang Oil is also very effective agent for lowering blood pressure. High Blood Pressure [Hypertension] is a major health epidemic among the population. Some of the drugs prescribed for lowering Blood Pressure may have serious adverse drug reactions.

๐Ÿ’ง Ylang-Ylang oil can be an easy and natural Aromatherapy solution. Ylang-Ylang Essential Oil is a health booster for the nervous system. It strengthens the nervous system and repairs any damage it may have suffered. Oil Diffusion reduces stress on the nerves and protects them from developing a number of nervious-system disorders. This oil sedates or calms nervous afflictions, stress, anger and anxiety, while inducing a relaxed feeling.

๐Ÿ’งJasmine Essential Oil; a premium quality 100% pure and natural, non-toxic, no additives, unfiltered and undiluted with no fillers. Jasmine essential oil has a sweet, exotic, and richly floral aroma. Jasmine essential oil blends particularly well with bergamot, rose, sandalwood and citrus oils. Jasmine oil may be mixed in creams and lotions for dry, greasy or sensitive skin. Jasmine is also used as a remedy to help eliminate stretch marks and scars.

๐Ÿ’งJasmine Essential Oil in Aromatherapy can be useful for easing nervousness, soothing coughs, promoting relaxation and easing tension. Majestic Packages their oils in large 4 oz with a premium quality glass dropper included, for ease-of-use. Packaging the glass dropper is a definite convenience. NOW foods also produces this Essential Oil. However, Majestic makes it available 4oz quantities including a convenient quality glass-dropper.

๐Ÿ’งGeranium Essential Oil is 100% natural, steam distilled and pure geranium oil essential oil. Pure Geranium oil is non-toxin, non-irritant with no additives, unfiltered and undiluted. Pure Geranium oil is used in Aromatherapy, delivers a sweet floral fragrance, safe for topical application and can be mixed with other essential oils such as lavender, rosemary, lemon. It may be combined with carrier oils for massage therapy. Geranium oil has anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties, often used in herbal soap bars, and also used as a natural insect repellent. The Large 4 oz bottle includes a premium quality glass dropper inside each bottle package for ease-of-use.

๐Ÿ’งFrankincense Essential Oil, Boswellia Serrata, in Aromatherapy it promotes feelings of peace and relaxation, a must-have oil for your home. Frankincense Oil is extracted from the resin of Frankincense trees. Frankincense has been a popular ingredient in cosmetics and incense burners for centuries. It has even been found in the remains of ancient Egyptian and Anglo-Saxon civilizations. Frankincense oil used as a bath soak which promotes feelings of peace and relaxation. It’s a natural antiseptic, disinfectant, and deodorizer. Frankincense oil blends well with many essential oils such as lemon, orange, lavender, lime, etc. For topical applications, it’s necessary to dilute it with a carrier oil such as fractionated coconut oil.

๐Ÿ’งRoman chamomile essential oil is used in aromatherapy for anti-infectious, anti-inflammatory, calming and relaxing properties, helps with emotions, anger anxiety and fighting stress, boosts self esteem, confidence, and mental strength while efficiently fighting depression. Chamomile has been used for centuries to calm and prepare you for a restful sleep, making it a popular oil to use before bed. Spiritually, it’s also said to support a person who is seeking their purpose or struggling with feeling of purposelessness. It can help one to overcome discouragement, disappointment, or hopelessness, and find clarity and focus on the things that bring meaning to their lives and the lives of others. Diffuse through the Dwelling before and during allergy season, and inhale directly when allergies flare up. For BEE Stings, apply a single drop topically, or dilute with coconut oil and massage into the bitten-area.

๐Ÿ’งClove Essential Oil is a very potent oil offering wonderful properties from stimulating the mind and reducing stress to calming pain in arthritis and rheumatism. Clove oil is used in aromatherapy, as massage blend, as mouthwash and also known for its skin care properties. In aromatherapy, clove oil can be useful to help reduce stress, while strengthening memory and fighting weakness and lethargy. Clove oil has a warm, strong, spicy smell. It can be used in a blended massage oil, starting with low dilution of less than 1%. Clove oil is used for skin care remedies. It can be used in a low amounts as part of a mouthwash for toothache. Clove Leaf Oil is 100% pure and natural, extracted by distillation from the leaves.

๐Ÿ’งLemon Essential Oil, diffuse lemon oil to clear cigarette smoke and other unpleasant odors, and will help uplift and energize one’s mood. Lemon oil benefits skin by deeply nourishing it. Lemon oil is a natural disinfectant. Pure lemon oil is concentrated and useful when diluted with a carrier oil such as jojoba, fractionated coconut oil, grape-seed, or almond oil is recommended. Lemon oil has multiple household benefits with its powerful, fresh and purifying citrus scent that is energizing and uplifting. It has wonderful antiseptic cleansing and cooling properties. Moreover, dilute before using on sensitive areas such as the face, neck, etc. Lemon oil is also used in laundry to remove smell, to clean greasy hands and in wood and silver polish. Lemon Essential Oil is fabricated by cold pressed extractions from lemon rinds.

๐Ÿ’งAromatherapy concepts were first spoken of by a small number of European scientists and doctors, in the early 1900’s. In 1937, the word “Aromatherapy” first appeared in print in a French book on the subject: Aromathรฉrapie: Les Huiles Essentielles, Hormones Vรฉgรฉtales by Renรฉ-Maurice Gattefossรฉ, a chemist. In 1910, Gattefossรฉ burned his hand badly and later claimed he treated it effectively with lavender oil. A French surgeon, Jean Valnet, pioneered the medicinal uses of essential oils, which he used as antiseptics in the treatment of wounded soldiers during World War II.

๐Ÿ’ง Hormone specialist at the University of Cambridge claimed “… these oils may mimic estrogens” and “people should be careful about using essential oil products.” The Aromatherapy Trade Council of the UK has of course issued their rebuttal. The Australian Tea Tree Association, a group that promotes the interests of Australian Tea Tree Oil Producers, exporters and manufacturers issued a letter that questioned the validity of the study and called on the New England Journal of Medicine for a retraction. The New England Journal of Medicine has not replied as of date of this article, [July, 2016] and has not retracted the study.

๐Ÿ’งAs with other Bioactive Substance, an Essential Oil that may be safe for the general public, may still pose hazards for pregnant women, lactating mothers, and domestic House Pets. While some folks advocate the ingestion of certain essential oils for therapeutic purposes, most licensed aromatherapy professionals do not recommend self-prescription of essential oils, as some Oils are highly toxic.

๐Ÿ’งEucalyptus Oils, and some very common oils are extremely toxic when taken internally. Use this oil only in aromatherapy diffusion. Doses of eucalyptus oil ingested in as low a dose of One Teaspoon have been reported to cause clinically significant adverse symptoms, where severe poisoning may occur after ingestion of just 4ml. A few reported cases of toxic reactions like liver damage and seizures have occurred after ingestion of these Essential Oils: Sage, Hyssop, Thuja, and Cedar Oils.

๐Ÿ’ง CAUTION: Ingestion of Eucalyptus, Sage, Hyssop, Thuja, and Cedar essential oils may be Poisonous to Adults and Children, if ingested in minute quantities. Therefor Adults are cautioned, and be sure these Oils are not in the reach of Children.



Pleased you’re reading โ€“ with over 100,000 readers world-wide, growing by thousands each month, gives motivation for new topics published daily. Spread the Word to your friends, family, and associates; Forward this page, post the link on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Social Networks for their review,, Anyone may subscribe, its secure and confidential; Every time I publish an article, WordPress will send a reminder (no Ads no Mailing Lists) with a link to my new Article: http://FAU4U2.WordPress.com/

Perspective: These articles are created to inform a diverse audience, whether it be photography, digital cameras, lenses, Image editing, Apps, Smartphones, iPads, iPhones, Laptops and related products, Health & Wellness, or any news-worthy topic. The purpose is to inform, from sources that are believed to be reliable, and stimulate Dialogue.

As a "Health Nut" for Health & Wellness; http://www.Wilson.2016.Isagenix.com

Donation Link โ€“ In preparation of these articles, hours of research, image editing and the graphics used to amplify your reading. Tender Donation, use LINK Below

PayPal’s Donations Page: https://goo.gl/A9Qneb

To learn more about what else we do, take a moment and visit these links, browse around. We are pleased with 26,123,614 visits as of March 7, 2016: http://www.416-1100.com.

If digital Imaging is of interest, I teach a course named "Principles of Digital Imaging and Post Image Processing" as an Adjunct Prof at FAU: http://www.416-1100.com/FAU-Classes/Principles-of-Digital

As friends, family and students know, I’m an avid and early adopter of iPad since its release April, 2010. When Apple released [November, 2015] the 12.9″ Retina-Display iPad PRO, (having sold a MacBook Pro to Gazelle.com) then purchased the 12.9″ iPad PRO configured with 128GB of Storage, 4GB memory, AT&T connectivity, plus Apple Pencil and Brydge Pro Keyboard Cover, and a DECODED natural leather slip-over protective folio.

๐Ÿ’ง๐Ÿ’ง Natura Essential Oils Ultrasonic Diffuser ๐Ÿ’ง Aromatherapy Essential Oils ๐Ÿ’ง๐Ÿ’ง๐Ÿ’ง

1469293709.jpg

๐Ÿ’งEverything You Want to Know about Essential Oil Diffusion, but were Afraid to Ask. Natura is a Ultrasonic Diffuser, where 100ml [3.5 oz] of pure water is mixed with 5 to 20 drops of Eucalyptus Essential Oil for example. More drops diffuses to produce a stronger Aroma. When Natura is turned on, a Quartz-Wafer is energized with a 44kHz frequency, which causes the Wafer to vibrate to this very high 44kHz frequency. The ultra-rapid Vibration of the Piezo-Electric Wafer, “vigorously but silently agitates” the water to such an extent it causes the Water and Oil mixture to diffuse into billions of microscopic cool water-oil-droplets. The diffusion emitted is not hot, it’s not steam. Rather the diffusion is a cool microscopic diffusion of water-droplets plus the essential oil added.

๐Ÿ’งNatura is an Essential Oils Ultrasonic Diffuser crafted from fallen trees in Thailand with Sparoom’s contributions towards re-Forestation. Solid Natural bamboo-wood houses the ultrasonic technology, to perform strong therapeutic diffusion. Make your choice of the Essential Oils suited your mood or for your visiting Guests.

๐Ÿ’งAdd Few Drops of Natural Essential Oils to 3.5 oz of Water in the Polyethylene reservoir. Add pure Water first, then add 5-20 drops of an Essential Oil, or combination of Oils. Aromatherapy runs for 4 hours of continuous operation; or select intermittent-operation for 8 hours of aroma diffusion. Natura Essential Oils Ultrasonic Diffuser Aromatherapy supports all natural essential oils such as NOW Essential Oils, which we display in this writing.

๐Ÿ’งAromatherapy uses a Steam Distillate of plant flowers and organics, to product a concentrate of aromatic plant oils, including Essential Oils, and other aromatic compounds for the purpose of altering one’s mood, cognitive, psychological or physical well-being. Diffusion may be offered as a complementary therapy or, more controversially, as a foundation of an alternative medicine. Complementary therapy can be offered alongside standard treatments, with alternative medicine offered instead of conventional, evidence-based treatments. Below are a limited few selected popular NOW Essential Oils, displaying their benefits when used.

๐Ÿ’งAromatherapists, are those who specialize in the practice of aromatherapy, utilize blends of therapeutic essential oils that can be issued through topical application, massage, inhalation or water immersion to stimulate a desired response. There is no medical evidence that aromatherapy either prevents or cures disease; however, it might help improve general well-being. The list below are the Features of Natura ultrasonic diffuser:

๐Ÿ’ง Water Capacity internal polyethylene tank: 100 mL (3.50 oz)
๐Ÿ’ง Suggested Room Size for each diffuser: 200-300 sq ft
๐Ÿ’ง Continuous Diffuser Operation: Approximately 4 hours
๐Ÿ’ง Intermittent Diffuser Operation: 8 hours of 30 seconds on, 30 seconds off
๐Ÿ’ง Light Emitting Diode modes: Solid Color or Rotating Color
๐Ÿ’ง Power requirements: AC adapter delivers 24v included, UL approved
๐Ÿ’ง Automatic safety shut-off occurs when fluid-tank is empty
๐Ÿ’ง Physical Size: 3.25″ Diameter x 6.50″ High, Weight 17oz

๐Ÿ’งUse of Essential Oils for therapeutic, spiritual, hygienic and ritualistic purposes goes back to Ancient Civilizations including the Egyptians, Greeks, Chinese, Indians, and Romans who used Essential Oils in cosmetics, perfumes and drugs. Oils are described by Pedanius Dioscorides, a prominent physician 2000 years ago, along with beliefs of the time regarding their healing properties, in his De Materia Medica, written in the first century. Distilled essential oils have been employed as medicines since the invention of purification by distillation in the eleventh century, when Avicenna isolated essential oils using steam distillation. Essential Oils are the result of distillation of organic plants, flowers, and woods. Below are a few examples of popular Essential Oils.

๐Ÿ’งLemongrass Oil boosts self esteem, confidence, hope and mental strength, and it uplifts spirits and fights depression. This can be very helpful to drive away depression due to failures in their career, personal life, insecurity, loneliness, stagnation, death in the family and many other reasons. This also relieves anxiety. As an antidepressant, lemongrass can be systematically administered to patients of acute depression who are undergoing rehabilitation after acute shock. Basically, take it with your tea and relax. Analgesic reduce pain and inflammation. Lemongrass Essential Oil helps relieve pain in muscles and joints, as well as toothaches and headaches resulting from viral infections like cough, cold, influenza, fever, and various poxes. It also helps cure general body pain resulting from strenuous activities and athletics.

๐Ÿ’งLavender Oil is an invaluable essential oil in both perfumery and aromatherapy. The therapeutic benefits of Lavender are varied and many. It is perhaps the most versatile essential oil, used for many conditions affecting the digestive, respiratory and nervous systems and in the treatment of muscular and joint pain. Last but not least, Lavender is highly esteemed for treating skin disorders as well as for use in skin care and cosmetics. It is one of the very few essential oils that can be used neat (undiluted) on the skin to treat burns, wounds and scars, etc. It is used in skin care and for keeping insects at bay as well as to ease their bites. Lavender is used in facial care, soaps, foot care, deodorants and powders for its aroma and therapeutic benefits.

๐Ÿ’งTea Tree Oil is one of only two essential oils (Lavender being the other) which is often used to combat the spread of airborne bacteria during illness, diffuse 8 drops of Tea Tree in an ultrasonic diffuser, or mix 20 drops with 200ml of spring water in a glass plant sprayer and spray directly into the air, shaking well before each use. The Tree Oil my be used “neat” on the skin in small amounts by applying one or two drops directly to spots, cuts, insect bites, stings, blisters and problems such as warts, verrucae, cold sores, shingles and Chickenpox lesions. During prolonged or debilitating illness blend 3 to 6 drops of Tea Tree Oil in 2 teaspoons of vegetable oil [as a carrier] for a stimulating massage.

๐Ÿ’ง Use Tea Tree Oil, combined with Eucalyptus or Peppermint oils, in a ultrasonic diffuser for direct inhalation can be a very effective method of easing the airways during respiratory infections, catarrh, colds or flu. Add 5 drops to a diffuser, cover the head with a towel and inhale the vapors for several minutes. 5 drops added to a warm bath can help induce sweating to lower a fever during illness. To soothe troublesome feet add 3 to 5 drops of oil to a warm foot bath and soak the feet daily. Dry thoroughly with a clean towel.

๐Ÿ’งEucalyptus Essential Oil is obtained from fresh leaves of the tall, evergreen eucalyptus tree. The tree, scientifically classified as Eucalyptus Globulus is also known as fever tree, blue gum tree or stringy bark tree, depending on where it is located in the world. The health benefits of eucalyptus oil are well-known and wide ranging, and its properties include anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, decongestant, deodorant, antiseptic, antibacterial, stimulating, and other medicinal qualities.

๐Ÿ’ง Eucalyptus essential oil is colorless and has a distinctive taste and odor. Though eucalyptus essential oil has most of the properties of a typical volatile oil, itโ€™s not very popular as an aromatherapy oil because little was known about it until recent centuries, rather than the more ancient aromatherapy substances. The numerous health benefits of eucalyptus oil have attracted the attention of the entire world, and it has stimulated a great deal of exploration into its usage in aromatherapy as well as in conventional medicine.

๐Ÿ’งThe health benefits of Cedarwood Essential Oil can be attributed to its properties as an antiseborrhoeic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, tonic… Into addition as an astringent, diuretic, emenagogue, expectorant, insecticidal, sedative and fungicidal substance. Cedarwood is basically a plant native to cold climates and is normally found at high altitudes. The chief components of Cedarwood Essential Oil are Alpha Cedrene, Beta Cedrene, Cedrol, Widdrol, Thujopsene and a group of Sesquiterpenes, which contribute a great deal to its medicinal value and health benefits.

๐Ÿ’ง Cedarwood Essential Oil is extracted through the process of steam distillation from the wood pieces of the Cedar Wood tree, which has the scientific name Juniperus Virginiana (also known as Cedrus Doedara, Cedrus Atlantica, and Cedrus Libani, depending on the regions where they are found) in other nomenclature systems. However, the complicated names of cedar wood essential oil do not affect the medicinal uses of the oil, of which there are many.

๐Ÿ’งYlang Ylang Oil is very aromatic and it is most effective use comes from inhalation or use in a diffuser. It is used in flavoring, most notable in bubble gum. Topically it is a gentle oil, and is often used in calming blends. Ylang Ylang is also considered effective in baths and massage. The Essential Oil derived from Ylang-Ylang can really activate the romance within couples and can improve your sexual life. This can be very beneficial for those people who have lost interest in sex due to tremendous work load, stress, depression, the effects of pollution.

๐Ÿ’งNatural essential oils like Ylang-ylang can be helpful with one’s Libido, as the loss of sexual drive or frigidity is a growing problem in modern cultures. This oil is also very effective agent for lowering blood pressure. Since high blood pressure is a major health epidemic among the population, and the drugs for lowering BP having serious adverse side effects on health, Ylang-Ylang oil can be an easy and natural solution. It has no adverse side effects on health, if taken in prescribed quantities. Ylang-Ylang Essential Oil is a health booster for the nervous system. It strengthens the nervous system and repairs any damage it may have suffered. Furthermore, it also reduces stress on the nerves and protects them from developing a number of nervous disorders. This oil sedates or calms nervous afflictions, stress, anger and anxiety, while inducing a relaxed feeling.

๐Ÿ’งThe concept of aromatherapy was first spoken of by a small number of European scientists and doctors, in about 1907. In 1937, the word first appeared in print in a French book on the subject: Aromathรฉrapie: Les Huiles Essentielles, Hormones Vรฉgรฉtales by Renรฉ-Maurice Gattefossรฉ, a chemist. An English version was published in 1993. In 1910, Gattefossรฉ burned a hand very badly and later claimed he treated it effectively with lavender oil. A French surgeon, Jean Valnet, pioneered the medicinal uses of essential oils, which he used as antiseptics in the treatment of wounded soldiers during World War II.

๐Ÿ’ง Essential Oils are highly concentrated they can irritate the skin when used in undiluted form. Therefore, they are normally diluted with a carrier oil for topical application, such as jojoba oil, olive oil, or coconut oil. Phototoxic reactions may occur with citrus peel oils such as lemon or lime. Also, many essential oils have chemical components that are sensitisers(meaning that they will, after a number of uses, cause reactions on the skin, and more so in the rest of the body). Some of the chemical allergies could even be caused by pesticides, if the original plants are cultivated. Some oils can be toxic to some domestic animals, with cats being particularly prone.

๐Ÿ’ง Hormone specialist at the University of Cambridge claimed “… these oils can mimic estrogens” and “people should be careful about using these products.” The Aromatherapy Trade Council of the UK has issued a rebuttal. The Australian Tea Tree Association, a group that promotes the interests of Australian tea tree oil producers, exporters and manufacturers issued a letter that questioned the study and called on the New England Journal of Medicine for a retraction. The New England Journal of Medicine has so far not replied and has not retracted the study.

๐Ÿ’งAs with any bioactive substance, an essential oil that may be safe for the general public could still pose hazards for pregnant and lactating women. While some advocate the ingestion of essential oils for therapeutic purposes, licensed aromatherapy professionals do not recommend self-prescription due the highly toxic nature of some essential oils. Some very common oils like eucalyptus are extremely toxic when taken internally. Doses as low as one teaspoon have been reported to cause clinically significant symptoms and severe poisoning can occur after ingestion of 4 to 5 ml. A few reported cases of toxic reactions like liver damage and seizures have occurred after ingestion of sage, hyssop, thuja, and cedar.

CAUTION: Accidental ingestion may occur if Oils are available to Children.



Pleased you’re reading โ€“ with over 100,000 readers world-wide, growing by thousands each month, gives motivation for new topics published daily. Spread the Word to your friends, family, and associates; Forward this page, post the link on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Social Networks for their review,, Anyone may subscribe, its secure and confidential; Every time I publish an article, WordPress will send a reminder (no Ads no Mailing Lists) with a link to my new Article: http://FAU4U2.WordPress.com/

Perspective: These articles are created to inform a diverse audience, whether it be photography, digital cameras, lenses, Image editing, Apps, Smartphones, iPads, iPhones, Laptops and related products, Health & Wellness, or any news-worthy topic. The purpose is to inform, from sources that are believed to be reliable, and stimulate Dialogue.

As a "Health Nut" for Health & Wellness; http://www.Wilson.2016.Isagenix.com

Donation Link โ€“ In preparation of these articles, hours of research, image editing and the graphics used to amplify your reading. Tender Donation, use LINK Below

PayPal’s Donations Page: https://goo.gl/A9Qneb

To learn more about what else we do, take a moment and visit these links, browse around. We are pleased with 26,123,614 visits as of March 7, 2016: http://www.416-1100.com.

If digital Imaging is of interest, I teach a course named "Principles of Digital Imaging and Post Image Processing" as an Adjunct Prof at FAU: http://www.416-1100.com/FAU-Classes/Principles-of-Digital

As friends, family and students know, I’m an avid and early adopter of iPad since its release April, 2010. When Apple released [November, 2015] the 12.9″ Retina-Display iPad PRO, (having sold a MacBook Pro to Gazelle.com) then purchased the 12.9″ iPad PRO configured with 128GB of Storage, 4GB memory, AT&T connectivity, plus Apple Pencil and Brydge Pro Keyboard Cover, and a DECODED natural leather slip-over protective folio.

โšก๏ธ Ozone Oยณ Removes Odors, Bacteria & Viruses Fast ๐Ÿ’ฅโ›ˆโšก๏ธ๐ŸŒฉโšก๏ธ

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โšก๏ธ Ozone, Oยณ Removes Odors, Germs and Bacteria quickly from Houses, Apartments, Automobiles, Garages, Trailers, Campers, Basements. Oยณ an Oxygen molecule, interacts with odors, toxins, bacteria, and viruses, Oยณ breaks down into Oยฒ plus the free radical, Oxygen Molecule Oยน attacks [oxidizes] the noxious Odors, Germs, Bacteria, Cigar & Cigarette Smoke, and residual Smoke from Fires.

๐Ÿ”˜ Ozone-Power Oยณ Generator is extremely effective for treating Homes, Condos, Hotel Rooms, Rental Apartments… plus Game Rooms, Billiard Rooms, Bars, Taverns, Garages, Trailers, Campers, Basements, where noxious odors have been absorbed into Carpets, Draperies, Blinds, Furniture, Bedding, Clothes, Closets, Floors, Walls, Ceilings, and Insulation materials.

โšก๏ธ Ozone-Power Oยณ Generator is extremely effective for treating Cars, Campers, and RV’s. Most have had the occasion that body-perspiration odors, strong food smells, and Cigarette Smoke have entered your Car. Because of the “closed quarters” in one’s Car, it’s very difficult to eliminate these odors absorbed into the upholstery, carpets, insulating materials, and the Car’s Air Conditioning system. Once odors get into the A/C System it seems impossible to cover it up with sprays and fragrances.

โšก๏ธ Car Odors Solution an Oยณ Generator is the magical solution. First step: Clean the Air Condition System. Use a 12vDC-to-120vAC Power Inverter to can power-up the Ozone Generator without the need for extension cords. [Living in a high-rise building in our Boca Raton City Center is wonderful, but it’s impossible to find a 120vAC outlet in our parking-garage].

โšก๏ธ Place the Ozone Generator on the Car’s windshield, with the Generator’s out-flow [the front of the machine] pointing towards the A/C’s fresh-air input vent. Know this, when ozone’ating the A/C system, the ozone passing through the A/C evaporator-coils and the Air-Filters, both of which are odor magnets, the Ozone enters the automotive Cabin, where the Oยณ attacks the continents absorbed in the carpets, upholstery, sound proof insulation, and the head-liners.

โšก๏ธ HONDA’s fresh-air outside vent is on the driver’s side, under the windshield-wiper trough. Start-up the Car, Turn on the A/C, setting it to Cold, making sure the “recirculating” option is Off, so that Fresh-air is brought in from outside the Car. Power up the Ozone Generator for 10 minutes. With the Car in Park, and Parking-Braked, exit the car with all doors and windows closed. Remain outside of the Car.

โšก๏ธ At the End of the Ozone Generator’s cycle, open all 4 doors of the Car, with the A/C running for 3 more minutes, to flush the remaining Ozone from the A/C system. Then Turn off the Car and unplug the Power Inverter. Remain outside the Car for another 10 minutes, then Lock it up for a few hours. That’s it. When you drive again, if there is any remaining Ozone odor, open up the Car Windows for a few minutes.

โšก๏ธ Travel Tip with an Oยณ Generator โ€“ Traveling out of town can be rewarding and stressful, particularly so, after the Check-In to your hotel room, and notice annoying odors, food smells, and latent cigarette smoke. The Oยณ Generator is relatively compact [9″x9″x7″] and light weight [4.9 pounds]. Next time you travel with an over-night stay, pack an Oยณ Generator into your suitcase.

โšก๏ธ Hotel Check-In, Unpack your Bags โ€“ then get ready to leave your hotel-room for your next meeting, cocktails or dinner โ€“ place the generator on a Luggage bench near the room’s A/C unit, so that most of the Ozone enters the A/C unit, eliminating odors that may accumulate internally. Make sure the A/C unit is turned-on, as it will help to circulate the Ozone around the Room. Rotate the Timer, Clockwise of the Oยณ Generator Timer for 5 minutes โ€“ only when you are ready to exit the Room. When ready to exit your hotel-room…

โšก๏ธ Plug the Oยณ Generator into the power-outlet, and exit the Room for 90 minutes, two hours is best, while you have a meeting, cocktails, or dinner. When you return, your hotel room will be freshly cleaned of all Odors.

โšก๏ธ Caution โ€“ Do not operate the Oยณ Generator while you are in your Hotel Room. Ozone in concentration is not poisonous, however it may irritate your eyes and mucus membranes. In 90 minutes the Ozone will assimilate, creating normal Oxygen. FYI, major Hotel Flags such as Hyatt, Marriott and Resort Properties for example, use Oยณ Generator treatments whenever Housekeeping staff notices unpleasant odors in the Hotel Room and Suites.

โšก๏ธ Ozone, Oยณ is a very powerful Oxidizer โ€“ Ozone also has a very short life-cycle. When contaminants such as odors, bacteria, and viruses make contact with ozone Oยณ the contaminants are destroyed completely by oxidation. In so doing, that extra atom of oxygen Oยน is consumed and the remainder is Oยฒ pure Oxygen โ€“ No odors, no bacteria, no extra Oยน atoms, only pure Oยฒ Oxygen. Ozone assimilates to oxygen Oยฒ quickly, and when oxidizing containments.

โšก๏ธ Oยณ Generators available on eBay โ€“ At the bottom of this article are two picture-slides showing 2 current offerings from the eBay Seller “collector_johnf” that I purchase from. The first Graphic displays the 5,000mg/hr Ozone Oยณ Generator plus a spare Hex Oยณ Generator Plate for $109.95. The 2nd graphic displayed is for 3500mg/hr ozone Oยณ Generator, a non-Hex-Plate generator, for $69.95. We highly recommend this eBay Seller. For clarity, the hex-plate-Ozone energizer is a new modern design generates 50% more Oยณ as compared to the standard flat-plane design.

โšก๏ธ The Ozone-Power 5000 Commercial Ozone Generator Air Purifier is simple to use and offers professional strength purification to those looking to control and eliminate odors from mold and mildew, smoke, and more in spaces up to 5,000 square feet. It produces Oยณ (Ozone) which is a naturally occurring form of Oxygen, which is very effective at breaking down [oxidizing] odors and noxious pollutants. Ozone is that clean โ€“ fresh smell in the air, following thunderstorms.

โšก๏ธ The Ozone, Oยณ Generator deodorizes and destroys odors emanating from Cigarette & Cigar Smoke, Pets Odors, Water Damage Odors, Fire & Smoke Damage, Mold & Mildew, Cooking odors, Cleaning Chemicals odors, Petroleum Paint odors, Floor Sealant and Carpet cleaning-fluid fumes, Bacteria & Germs, Air Pollution, Skunk spray odors. It is extremely effective for treating Hotel Rooms, Game Rooms, Billiard Halls, Bowling Alleys, Bars, Taverns, Garages, Basements, Trailers, or Campers where odors are absorbed in Carpets, Draperies, Blinds, Furniture, Floor Coverings, Walls, Ceilings, and Insulation materials.

โšก๏ธ The Oยน Oยฒ Oยณ of Oxygen and Ozone โ€“ An operating Ozone machine “excites” millions of Oxygen molecules using Very High Voltage static-electricity โ€“ similar to a Lightning strike, which is a high voltage static-electricity discharge. Physically speaking, for every three Oxygen Oยฒ molecules, such as Oยฒ + Oยฒ + Oยฒ entering the Ozone Generator, the Hex-Plate delivers Two Oยณ + Oยณ molecules, at the rate of 5 grams of Oยณ ozone Gas per hour of operation.

โšก๏ธ The Oยณ = Oยฒ + Oยน of Cleaning the Air โ€“ When high concentrations of Oยณ gas molecules, the ozone gasses that are disbursed by the “generator” into a Billiard Game Room, a Bar, a Garage, Basement, Trailer, or Camper… containing smelly Cigar & Cigarette Smoke, or noxious gasses from evaporating Petroleum-based Paints & Solvents… For every Oยณ molecule of ozone gas breaks down autonomously into Oยฒ and Oยน โ€“ where the free radicle Oxygen atom, Oยน is consumed by oxidizing the smoke or paint vapors, and the remainder is an Oxygen molecule Oยฒ โ€“ that is released into the Game Room, Bar, Garage, Basement, Trailer, or Camper…

โšก๏ธ Commercial Grade Equipment Design: This device is a true 5,000 mg/hr Ozone output, [5.0gm/hr Oยณ output] delivering a very high level of odor and germ destroying ozone.

โšก๏ธ Natural Oยณ Odor Remover: Ozone [Oยณ] is nature’s secret weapon for fighting odors and purifying the atmosphere. After thunder & lightning storms, one smells the “freshness” of the naturally “cleansed” atmosphere. This effect is what Ozone accomplishes as a result of the high-voltage Lightning traveling from the clouds down to the ground
โšก๏ธ Ozone [Oยณ] deodorizes all types of noxious odors: Cigar Smoke, Cigarette Smoke, Paint fumes, Wood Floor sealants, that may have been absorbed into Carpets, Draperies, Furniture, Floors, Walls, Ceilings and Insulation materials
โšก๏ธ Ozone [Oยณ] deodorizes and destroys Mould-Mildew and Spores collecting in unsealed walls and ceilings, damp and dark places like basements and closets, where odors are absorbed into Carpets, Draperies, Blinds, Furniture, Bedding, Clothes, Floors, Walls, Ceilings and Insulation materials
โšก๏ธ Ozone [Oยณ] deodorizes all Household Animal-Pet odors trapped in Homes, Garages, Trailers, Motor Homes, Barns, Rental Properties such as Cats and Cat litter boxes, Dogs, Horses, and other exotic pets, where odors have been absorbed into Blankets, Pet Beds, Carpets, Draperies, Blinds, Furniture, Bedding, Clothes in the Closets, Floors, Walls, Ceilings, and Insulation materials
โšก๏ธ Highly Portable Design โ€“ Ozone [Oยณ] Generator is housed in a portable compact 9″x9″x7″ light weight 4.9 pound cabinet using standard 120v AC, low power 80w design
โšก๏ธ Ozone [Oยณ] Generator weighs only 4.9 pounds and may be connected to a 150w “cigarette-lighter” DC-to-AC power inverter, to deodorize your Car, Boat, Trailer, Camper, or connect to a household [3-wire Grounded] extension cord of up to 100′ in length
โšก๏ธ Factory Warranty of 5 years for the Ozone [Oยณ] Generator. This extended warranty is the factory’s standard, giving peace of mind operation
โšก๏ธ Oยณ Generator’s Hex-Plate has a useful life of 10,000 hours of operation
โšก๏ธ Oยณ Generator’s Hex-Plate may be removed and Cleaned with mild dish-soap, rinse well three or more times in clean water, air-dry thoroughly before re-installing into the Oยณ Generator cabinet
โšก๏ธ Oยณ Generator’s Hex-Plate is user-replaceable
โšก๏ธ Oยณ Hex-Plate Generator Unit sells for under $95 currently
โšก๏ธ Oยณ Hex-Plate Generator Unit including a spare Oยณ Hex-Generation-Plate sells for under $110
โšก๏ธ Oยณ Generator’s Hex-Plate, when sold separately, currently sells for $45 if replacement is required.

โšก๏ธ How to Operate the Oยณ Generator โ€“ Plug the unit in to a standard 120v AC outlet โ€“ the Generator consumes 80 Watts of power. Use the built-in timer, by Rotating the Dial Clockwise, to the desired Treatment Time, calibrated in Minutes, set table from 10 minutes to 120 minutes. For the HOLD setting โ€“ the “Always On” mode โ€“ rotate the Timer Counterclockwise to the HOLD Position. Below are several Treatment-Time recommendations:

โšก๏ธ Cars, Vans, Limousines, set timer for 20-30 minutes
โšก๏ธ Rooms and Offices, Medium to Large spaces, set timer for 30-50 minutes
โšก๏ธ Basements 50-100 minutes
โšก๏ธ Entire Large House, Condominium and Apartments โ€“ set the timer to 100-120 minutes, place the Oยณ Hex-Plate Generator Unit near the “Return Air Duct” of the facility’s HVAC system โ€“ this will facilitate the distribution of the Ozone into all of the Rooms of an Office or Residential dwelling
โšก๏ธ While a room or other space is being treated, it should be unoccupied โ€“ the concentration of Ozone will make the air irritating to breath during treatment
โšก๏ธ After the Treatment โ€“ wait 45 min for the Ozone inside the treated-area to dissipate the ozone, which assimilates to Oxygen
โšก๏ธ The number of treatment cycles, that a room may require depends on the “strength” of the odor, the volume of the treatment-area, plus the wall and floor coverings โ€“ for example, if treating a 15’x15′ room with 10′ ceilings, this may require one or more 30-minute treatments โ€“ if the ceiling height is 12′ this room may require one or more 45-minute treatments โ€“ Also, if the room is fully Carpeted with floor-to-ceiling Draperies, the treatment time may require 60 minutes
โšก๏ธ For heavy Cigar & Cigarette Smoke Odors โ€“ it may be more effective to run the Oยณ Generator with Four separate 60 minute cycles over a two day period, rather a single 4 Hour non-stop one-day extended treatment
โšก๏ธ Ozone Oยณ Generator has a HOLD (always-on mode) feature which allows it to run for more than 2 hour extended period
โšก๏ธ Ozone Oยณ Generator when set to HOLD setting, may be paired with a wall-outlet-timer Switch, for automated Cycling in late evenings when occupants or customers are not present.

โšก๏ธโšก๏ธโšก๏ธ Oยณ Generator New Hex-Oยณ-Plate (Excited Powered Up)

โšก๏ธโšก๏ธโšก๏ธ Oยณ Generator Standard Flat-Oยณ-Plate (Excited Powered Up)



Pleased you’re reading โ€“ with over 100,000 readers world-wide, growing by thousands each month, gives motivation for new topics published daily. Spread the Word to your friends, family, and associates; Forward this page, post the link on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Social Networks for their review,, Anyone may subscribe, its secure and confidential; Every time I publish an article, WordPress will send a reminder (no Ads no Mailing Lists) with a link to my new Article: http://FAU4U2.WordPress.com/

Perspective: These articles are created to inform a diverse audience, whether it be photography, digital cameras, lenses, Image editing, Apps, Smartphones, iPads, iPhones, Laptops and related products, Health & Wellness, or any news-worthy topic. The purpose is to inform, from sources that are believed to be reliable, and stimulate Dialogue.

As a "Health Nut" for Health & Wellness; http://www.Wilson.2016.Isagenix.com

Donation Link โ€“ In preparation of these articles, hours of research, image editing and the graphics used to amplify your reading. Tender Donation, use LINK Below

PayPal’s Donations Page: https://goo.gl/A9Qneb

To learn more about what else we do, take a moment and visit these links, browse around. We are pleased with 26,123,614 visits as of March 7, 2016: http://www.416-1100.com.

If digital Imaging is of interest, I teach a course named "Principles of Digital Imaging and Post Image Processing" as an Adjunct Prof at FAU: http://www.416-1100.com/FAU-Classes/Principles-of-Digital

As friends, family and students know, I’m an avid and early adopter of iPad since its release April, 2010. When Apple released [November, 2015] the 12.9″ Retina-Display iPad PRO, (having sold a MacBook Pro to Gazelle.com) then purchased the 12.9″ iPad PRO configured with 128GB of Storage, 4GB memory, AT&T connectivity, plus Apple Pencil and Brydge Pro Keyboard Cover, and a DECODED natural leather slip-over protective folio.

Oยน Oยฒ Oยณ
Oโ‚ Oโ‚‚ Oโ‚ƒ

๐ŸŒ Have you Had Your Shake Today ๐ŸŒ No More Excuses ๐ŸŒ It’s Now time to Take Care of YOU with Isagenix ๐ŸŒ

1468851894.jpg

๐ŸŒ Have You had Your Isagenix Shake Today. The Holidays are Over. Lets get back to the Business of taking Care of YOURSELF Today.

๐ŸŒ Natural Vanilla IsaLean Pro Shake is better than ever. Chocolate formulation is my personal favorite. Packaged in a Box of 14 convenient single-serving packets, My favorite packaging. Nowhere else to get a fast, fully balanced meal for $4.

๐ŸŒ You can Enjoy a 36gm dose of the highest quality all-natural Protein, unDenatured whey protein in Natural Chocolate, French Vanilla, or Natural Vanilla โ€“ plus three Dairy-Free shake formulas, Vanilla, Chocolate and Natural Berry Harvest.

๐ŸŒ The 7-Steps to Make a Great Shake โ€“ IsaLean Shakes are Quick & Easy to Make, plus are Very Healthy โ€“ Its a Fully Balanced Meal
(1) Add Cold Purified Water measuring up to 8oz-Line on Blender
(2) Add a Hand-Full of ICE Cubes into Blender
(3) Add some Fruit โ€“ For a Healthy “Change-up” โ€“ Choose from these: add 10 Grapes or Strawberries, add a 4″ piece of Banana, add a table-spoon of Peanut Butter, a hand-full of BlueBerries, a 3″ Watermelon Cube โ€“ Its OK to be Creative
(4) Pre-Blend the Water, Ice, and Fruit for 10 seconds
(5) Tear open the IsaLean Pro Shake-Pack, add to the Blender
(6) BLEND for 20-to-30 Seconds
(7) Pour into a 16oz Glass or To-Go Cup and Enjoy, no messes, rinse blender for your Next shake

(โ˜…) No Problem adding a few calories of Fruit, to mix things up a bit, as taking your “Morning Shake” should be an Every Day all-Year affair
(โ˜…) IsaLean Shakes are not “diet foods.” They are Healthy Foods โ€“ a fully balanced meal-replacement โ€“ Shakes may be used in a Diet Regimen and for an Every Day regimen โ€“ the best way to start your day either way
(โ˜…) As a Diet comes into play โ€“ substitute the 2nd Meal of your Day with another IsaLean Pro Shake, for Lunch or Dinner, make your third meal of the day a 650 calorie, healthy anything you want meal
(โ˜…) Want to add lots of Lean Muscle, have a 3rd Shake of the Day โ€“ giving you 108 grams the very best all natural protein

http://www.wilson.2016.isagenix.com/en-US/products/categories/individual-items/isalean-pro

๐ŸŒ A bit of Biochemistry – The Meaning of Denatured vs. unDenatured. When ingredients are all Natural, unDenatured, that’s the best, that’s the Isagenix way. Denatured, means the ingredients are no longer Natural, processing has altered the ingredients, means lower quality.

๐ŸŒ UnDenatured (a double-negative) means the ingredients are All Natural, ISAGENIX’s Way. unDenatured = Natural, in the case of IsaLean Shakes the 36gm of Protein have not been altered by “cooking” the protein. Denatured is “Code-Word” for the Protein has been altered, by cooking it. Cooked Protein will not be fully absorbed by the Body.

๐ŸŒ Whatโ€™s the difference between Natural Vanilla and French Vanilla: Only the flavor. Enjoy the cinnamon-tinged flavor of French Vanilla or savor the sweetness of Natural Vanilla; either way, youโ€™re enjoying the best, power-packed shake on the planet.

๐ŸŒ Isagenix has pioneered the safest, most effective all-Natural products on the marketโ€”and we have the results to prove it. Our whole-body approach to health and wellness is revolutionizing the industry and Isagenix is a 14 year old multi-National, multi-$Billion Company.

๐ŸŒ If you’d like, Go to our Isagenix site… learn more about Isagenix products, order products directly from this site. Make Isagenix a source for your health. Better yet Join our Isagenix Team and receive Wholesale pricing, the same prices we pay… Here’s the Link:

http://www.Wilson.2016.Isagenix.com

๐ŸŒ Isagenix Spring, 2016 U.S. Product Catalog is available for your review and download by clicking onto the Link below. This full-color 94 page catalog describes each of the products, their Ingredients, the Science, followed by the current prices for each product, displaying Associate pricing and Retail pricing for non-Members:

https://goo.gl/DKRCgH

๐ŸŒ Creating exceptional nutritional products that make a positive difference in millions of peopleโ€™s lives is a very complex process. Master Formulator John W. Anderson and our Research and Development Team actively nurture collaborative relationships with experts from diverse disciplines to stay abreast of ever-evolving nutritional science. They are constantly consulting academic experts and medical professionals to create no-compromise products with the utmost of efficacy.

๐ŸŒ Each Pack of Isagenix IsaLean Pro shake, which gives you a delicious high-protein Meal. A complete Ultra-High protein Meal, perfectly balanced formula, containing
โœ”๏ธ 36 grams of unDenatured Protein
โœ”๏ธ 6 grams of Dietary Fiber
โœ”๏ธ 23 Vitamins and Minerals to assure maximum absorption
โœ”๏ธ 21gm Carbohydrates and
โœ”๏ธ 6gm total Fats
โœ”๏ธ 460mg Potassium
โœ”๏ธ Active enzymes to aid digestion
โœ”๏ธ Gluten Free
โœ”๏ธ Soy Free
โœ”๏ธ Low Glycemic formulation.

๐ŸŒ Isagenix IsaLean Pro Shakes are Magical for Weight-Loss. Simply take two IsaLean Pro Shakes, replacing two of your three meals each day. Drink lots of water, at least eight 8oz glasses of water each day. Have the pleasure and freedom of eating and enjoying One normally balanced 640 Calorie meal of your choice, at Home, Office, or at your favorite Restaurant… Breakfast, Lunch, or Dinner, you decide. Each IsaLean Pro shake has only 280 Calories. Recall that Isa Lean Shakes are fully balanced meals with a scientifically-balanced blend of Proteins, Carbohydrates, Fats, Minerals & Vitamins to assure the best bodily absorption. Therefore for your three-meals per day regimen, is fortified with just two IsaLean shakes per Day
> Calorie Count for 3-meals
> 280+280+640=1200 Calories/Day

๐ŸŒ Isagenix IsaLean Pro Shakes are Magical for Lean Muscle Weight-Gain. Simply take two, three or more, IsaLean Pro Shakes, in addition your regular meals each day. Drink lots of water, at least eight 8oz glasses of water every day. Since each IsaLean Pro Shake contain 36gm of pure natural protein, your exercise program will benefit greatly with this healthy high-protein supplement. The more you work-out, the more your body will crave protein. These Shakes are a very efficient method to nutritionally-balance your exercise program.

๐ŸŒ Your BMI will be optimized too as “fatty tissues” are simultaneously replaced by lean muscle. You will see wonderful results, as do many Body Builders, as well as Track & Field, and other Professional Athletes are experiencing. Each IsaLean Pro Shake has only 280 Calories. Recall that Isa Lean Shakes are fully balanced meals with a scientifically-balanced blend of Proteins, Carbohydrates, Fats, Minerals & Vitamins to assure the best bodily absorption.

๐ŸŒ Quinoa Salad with Veggies as pictured is one of our favorites, which contains 230 Calories per 1 Cup serving. I ordered Quinoa for lunch today at my favorite Cafรฉ, Saquella. Later in the Day I will have my 2nd IsaLean shake, leaving 310 Calories for a Glass of Prosecco Sparkling Wine (100 Calories) and a light Snack, for example, a yummy Isagenix’s Fiber Bar, 150 Calories.

๐ŸŒ Remember to DRINK Lots of Water and Exercise. Recommended Water Daily should be Eight 8oz Servings of Water Daily, More if you Exercise Vigorously and perspire. Many folks do not have time to join a Gym, but walking is a great exercise to maintain one’s Metabolism. There is a terrific App called MOVES, which counts your Steps while walking during the day, and has the ability to suspend counting when riding in a Car, Bus or Train. Pressing the Green Circle translates the Your steps to Calories burned, Miles walked, and Hours walked. Maintains Weekly and Monthly totals to keep you motivated to WALK…

๐ŸŒ If you’d like, Go to our Isagenix site… learn more about Isagenix products, order products directly from this site. Be free to make Isagenix a source for your health needs. Better yet Join our Isagenix Team and receive Wholesale pricing, the same prices we pay, and become an independent business for you if you’d like… Here’s the Link:

http://www.Wilson.2016.Isagenix.com

๐ŸŒ Interested in the world famous Isagenix Shakes, but need a Dairy-Free formula, Isagenix has it, with their Natural Berry Harvest Shake. If you have religious food requirements there is a KOSHER formulation also.

๐ŸŒ Where can you possibly buy a Completely Balanced High Protein Meal for only $3.57/Meal. For example, compare IsaLean Pro Shake protein
(>) 36 grams, natural protein in each IsaLean Pro shake: $3.57 per shake
(A) 36 grams of protein in 8.0 Scrambled Eggs: Restaurant Cooked: $16
(B) 36 grams of protein in 5oz Sirloin Steak: Restaurant Cooked: $17
(C) 36 grams of protein in 6oz Shrimp: Restaurant Cooked: $18
(>) Each Isagenix IsaLean Pro shake gives you the Protein equivalent of 8 Raw Eggs ($16), an 5oz Raw Steak ($17), or 6oz Raw Shrimp ($18)
(>) Grams of Protein compared to: Raw eggs, Raw meat, and Raw shrimp. Cooked-protein becomes denatured; a significant portion of cooked protein (33%) is not absorbable by your body.
(>) Cooked Eggs, Meat, or Shrimp, then increase the Portion Sizes and Prices by 33% to achieve 36 grams of absorbable Protein.

๐ŸŒ As to cost IsaLean Pro is $49.95 for a 14-meal Box for Associate-Members. It’s inexpensive to join (under $30). Order the shakes twice, and your membership is covered with the discount you’d receive. It makes no sense not to join. If you prefer not to be on the team at this time, no worries; the retail price for the shakes is $65.95 for the-14 packet Box.

๐ŸŒ Notice the graphic above which shows the various current products and their 2016 pricing. If you’d like to view or download the informative 2016 Isagenix Product brochure, go here: https://goo.gl/DKRCgH

๐ŸŒ Jim Wilson is an Independent North American Associate with Isagenix International. The enterprise sustained its multi-year growth surge in 2015, as annual sales climbed 20% to a record $892 million. At the end of February the maker of health and wellness products said cumulative sales had topped $4 billion in its 14 years of business. Rapid growth prompted Isagenix to build a new 150,000-square-foot world headquarters in Gilbert, Arizona, where it relocated in March. Though the company has established a brick-and-mortar presence in 14 markets worldwide, its booming North America.

As a "Health Nut" for Health & Wellness; Active Isagenix North American Independent Distributor. http://www.Wilson.2016.Isagenix.com

Pleased you’re reading, with our over 100,000 Readership world-wide, which gives motivation as new topics are published every day. Spread the Word to your friends, family, and associates; Forward the link below, post it on your Facebook and Twitter Pages for their review,, anyone may subscribe, its secure, confidential, as every time I publish a story the WordPress system {not I} sends a reminder to you with a link to my new Article: http://FAU4U2.WordPress.com/

โ˜…โ˜… Hillary, Bill, Loretta, James โ€“ All Lied according to DecepTech’s Voice Stress Analysis Lie Detection System โญโญ

1468800820.jpg

๐Ÿ˜Ž Michael Sylvestre, a Top Rated Lie-Detection Expert, recorded the live testimony from Hillary Clinton, Bill Clinton, Loretta Lynch, Attorney General, and FBI Director James Comey, regarding their recent involvement with the Clinton’s and their public Televised statements regarding Hillary’s mis-handling of Top Secret documents, and Loretta Lynch’s future with the DOJ.

๐Ÿ˜Ž Michael Sylvestre also analyzed Loretta Lynch’s remarks about her private 39 minute meeting with Bill Clinton when they were “caught” together on a Phoenix Airport Tarmac in the DOJ’s private jet, [where Bill Clinton waited for over 30 minutes for the DOJ jet to land – no coincidence – totally planned] 6 days before FBI director’s decline to prosecute statement, plus FBI Director’s statements regarding “no outside influence was brought to bear…”

๐Ÿ˜Ž What’s amazing, these statements were recorded by Michael Sylvestre, an expert in Lie Detection analysis, where the Voice Recordings, the important statement-segments were submitted through DecepTech’s Voice Stress Analysis Software System for real-time LIE DETECTION.

๐Ÿ˜Ž You Too can Watch your Public Officials on Live TV Lie to You in Real-Time. What’s most Interesting, literally Anyone with $9,000 can buy the DecepTech Software System, install it onto your Windows v7 Laptop Computer, attend a One-Week training exercise, and viola, you’re Ready to Learn the Truth. As a matter of fact, once you learn how to interpret the results, you can go onto the History Channel, and listen to past televised Speeches or Interviews were Lies or Truths.

๐Ÿ˜Ž Roughly 40 years ago yours truly was Director of Operations for a National Retailer, being charged with interpreting Polygraph results with our Polygraph expert [a former White House Polygrapher] reviewing thousands of pre-employment polygraph tests. Being the only individual in the Company to View & Discuss these results, with over 10,000 polygraphs given, this was an intensive “exercise.” Needless to say I learned most everything there was to know about Polygraphing, the then 1970’s version equipment, and interpreting the Polygraph results. In the 1970’s Voice Stress Analysis was being talked about. However, at that time portable PC Computer Technology was not readily available to individuals, where PC’s came to the masses years later, in the mid-1980’s with the IBM-PC.

๐Ÿ˜Ž What is most interesting, many historic televised events were recorded by Michael Sylvestre, where the Voice Recordings were the important statements were submitted through DecepTech’s Voice Stress Analysis System in real-time โ€“ Sylvestre is highly experienced Lie Detection expert. Below are Sylvestre’s astounding results:

๐Ÿ˜Ž Hillary is Guilty of Deception, and was close to “maxing out Stress” when she denied emailing any Classified materials to anyone, according to Sylvestre use of DecepTech’s Voice Stress Analysis system.

๐Ÿ˜Ž Loretta Lynch’s remarks were deceptive about what went on with her meeting with Bill Clinton โ€“ were determined to be Lies, according to Sylvestre use of DecepTech’s Voice Stress Analysis system.

๐Ÿ˜Ž Bill Clinton, Attorney General Loretta Lynch and FBI Director James Comey, were deceptive โ€“ Sylvestre’s analysis is that all were deceptive with an apparent “Cover Up.”

๐Ÿ˜Ž Sylvestre also focused on FBI Directors statements regarding “no outside influence was brought to bear” on the FBI investigation… Sylvestre determined that the FBI Director voice was under significant of stress in those words, Sylvestre commenting that “someone else had definitely influenced his decision” according to Sylvestre’s use of DecepTech’s Voice Stress Analysis system.

๐Ÿ˜Ž Famed lie-detection expert Michael Sylvestre used DecepTech’s Voice Stress Analysis System, a forensic device [used by over 50 Law Enforcement Agencies] to analyze an interview; Of particular note Sylvestre examined Bill Cosby remarks, and has spoken with RadarOnline.com about his findings… that Cosby definitely Lied about his drug related rape charges.

๐Ÿ˜Ž DecepTech’s Voice Stress Analysis System works in real-time, in person, using a standard microphone or by imputing recorded speech using small, inexpensive, off the shelf $100 digital recorders. DecepTech’s System works well with speech in the following venues: live interviews or recorded, statements given over a modern telephone-line, Statements recorded from, or imputed by Live-TV and Radio broadcasts. As the subject speaks, the DecepTech’s System computer displays one’s unique voice pattern, processes it, and displays the laryngeal low frequency warble waveforms on the Computer Display.

๐Ÿ˜Ž Human Voce-Patterns are composed of a mixture of frequencies, amplitudes, and modulations. These complex audio wave-forms makes one’s voice unique to listeners. However, a band of the frequencies that are also mixed in one’s overall voice-patten, is a “low-frequency warble” generated by the laryngeal muscles as one speaks. These low frequencies are generally inaudible to the human ear, and not in direct control of the individual speaking.

๐Ÿ˜Ž DecepTech Digital Voice Stress Analysis software system is capable of separating [and emphasizing] this low frequency warble from the voice-pattern. These laryngeal low frequency warbles maintains relatively consistent oscillations and amplitudes; however, this laryngeal low frequency warble becomes augmented when the Subject-Speaker becomes under stress, when not telling the truth. The rest of the Audio complex wave-form may be managed by the Speaker; however the laryngeal low frequency warbles [roughly 8 to 16 cycles/second] are not manageable by the Speaker.

๐Ÿ˜Ž DecepTech Digital Voice Stress Analysis System โ€“ Requires a Windows Computer Laptop weighing a few pounds. The Software is the most technically advanced system yet produced to detect, process and display changes in the physiological “Lippoid Micro-Tremors of the laryngeal low frequency warble” in human speech.

๐Ÿ˜Ž Micro-Tremors in the laryngeal muscles has been shown to directly reflect the level of stress being experienced by an individual, which is observable with the System’s visual-components of an individual’s speech. A micro-tremor itself is manifested in Low Frequency Oscillations of 8 to 16 cycles per second โ€“ the reflex mechanism that controls the length and tension of the stretched laryngeal muscular system.

๐Ÿ˜Ž q The Lippold Microtremor itself is manifested in oscillations of eight to sixteen cycles/second, Hz. This low frequency micro-tremor warble is an autonomous reflex of the laryngeal muscles โ€“ a biological mechanism that controls the length and tension of these stretched laryngeal-muscles. Microtremors created by the laryngeal muscles has been shown to directly reflect the level of stress being experienced by an individual caused by Deception.

๐Ÿ˜Ž Digital Voice Stress Analysis Systems generally, detects the small changes in the low frequency warble and amplitude, displaying this frequency-band on a Laptop Display. The steady-state, or low-stress condition is seen on the Display as a randomly modulated, low-amplitude low-frequency waveform. However, a stressed condition usually causes the Display of a more constant, less-chaotic waveform, with a typically higher amplitude. The graphical waveforms produced and displayed by the Software System can be interpreted by trained voice stress analysts [VSA] to reveal that the subject is being deceptive.

๐Ÿ˜Ž The DecepTech system consists of Two interdependent elements or subsystems: the trained Voice Stress Analysis (VSA) examiner, the Digital Voice Stress Analysis Program. In an interview setting, a carefully-constructed set of proven interview techniques (protocols) and tests may be utilized, consistent with Polygraph examinations. All three elements are usually present in order to accurately discover Deception in a subject’s voice.

๐Ÿ˜Ž DecepTech Voice Stress Analysis System eliminates the use of all annoying belts, wires, cords, or cuffs attached to the Subject, required traditional Polygraph, the. All unstructured, free flowing private conversations, and any Public Statements broadcasted on TV may be analyzed, not confined to a strictly structured ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ examination.

๐Ÿ˜Ž DecepTech’s System provides conclusive answers in just minutes, without any delay between questions or statements โ€“ Polygraph exams may take hours to complete, and the results may be avoided or defeated. DecepTech’s system provides a verifiable determination of deception to 99% accuracy; while 66% of polygraph exams actually yield conclusive results, as the polygraph monitors several different physiological markers [which can be avoided or defeated].

๐Ÿ˜Ž DecepTech analyzes Lippold micro-tremors, an automatic, involuntary physiological response phenomena, directly related to stress from which deception may be determined. The Lippold Micro-tremor cannot be avoided or defeated, unlike the Polygraph. Unlike the polygraph, there are no known counter-measures that will result in frequent “inconclusive” results, that are associated with lippold micro-tremor analysis.

๐Ÿ˜Ž Typical Polygraph machines measures the subject’s
โ€ข heart rate
โ€ข blood pressure
โ€ข galvanic skin response
โ€ข breathing rate
โ€ข breathing intensity
โ€ข other parts of the body which may be subverted. With the Polygraph, drugs will affect the results of the exam.

๐Ÿ˜Ž DecepTec works whenever a subject is being deceptive. DecepTechโ„ข is effective in all types of interview situations, including, but not limited to, criminal investigations, violent crimes, robbery, white-collar crimes, and internal affairs investigations, pre-employment examinations, insurance fraud investications and anti-terrorism.

๐Ÿ˜Ž The DecepTech Voice Stress Analysis software System installed in a typical Windows Laptop, weighing only a few pounds, is the most technically advanced Voice Stress Analysis system that has yet been produced to detect, process and display changes in the physiological “Micro-tremors of Lippold” in human speech.

๐Ÿ˜Ž Graphical Waveforms produced and displayed by DecepTech’s Software System can be interpreted by trained analysts to reveal the relative level of voice stress present in the Subject. The System can print reports for the examiner’s review, and to allow cases to be documented and shared among other examiners and investigators. The DecepTech Voice Stress Analysis System Software is [early version 7] Windows compatible systems, installing easily on a desktop or laptop computer.

๐Ÿ˜Ž Voice Stress Analysis (VSA) technology records Psycho-Physiological stress responses that are imbedded in the human voice when a person suffers psychological stress in response to a particular stimulus (prompted by a question), and where the consequences of the person’s answer may be dire. Scientist and Researchers believe that non-verbal content of the voice carries, among other things, information about the physiological and psychological state of the Subject.

๐Ÿ˜Ž Voice Stress Analysis (VSA) technology can identify emotional stress better than traditional Polygraph examinations, according to a study published December 7, 2013, by the International Journal of Electrical, Electronics and Computer Engineering (IJEECE). In a three-year study conducted by the U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory in Rome New York, on voice stress analysis, it was determined that the voice stress units tested were able to recognize stress in the spoken voice. Additionally, these units performed equally whether the voice was a live test or a recorded one.

๐Ÿ˜Ž The International Journal of Electrical, Electronics and Computer Engineering study also provided the caveat that caution should be taken when using voice stress analysis in that it should only be used as an investigative tool and not solely relied on for a case conclusions. {Haddad, D., Walter, S., Ratley, R., & Smith, M. (2001). “Investigation and Evaluation of Voice Stress Analysis Technologies.” Rome Laboratory Report (AFRL-IF-RS-TM-2001-7), 18-19}

๐Ÿ˜Ž Lie detection, also referred to as deception detection, uses questioning techniques along with technology that record physiological functions to ascertain truth and falsehood in response. It is commonly used by law enforcement and has historically been an inexact science. There are a wide variety of technologies available for this purpose. The most common and long used measure is the polygraph, which the U.S. National Academy of Sciences states, in populations untrained in countermeasures, can discriminate lying from truth telling at rates above chance, though below perfection.



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โ˜…โ˜… Hillary, Bill, Loretta, James โ€“ All Lied according to DecepTech’s Voice Stress Analysis Lie Detection System โญโญโญ

1468800454.jpg

๐Ÿ˜Ž Michael Sylvestre, a Top Rated Lie-Detection Expert, recorded the live testimony from Hillary Clinton, Bill Clinton, Loretta Lynch, Attorney General, and FBI Director James Comey, regarding their recent involvement with the Clinton’s and their public Televised statements regarding Hillary’s mis-handling of Top Secret documents, and Loretta Lynch’s future with the DOJ.

๐Ÿ˜Ž Michael Sylvestre also analyzed Loretta Lynch’s remarks about her private 39 minute meeting with Bill Clinton when they were “caught” together on a Phoenix Airport Tarmac in the DOJ’s private jet, [where Bill Clinton waited for over 30 minutes for the DOJ jet to land – no coincidence – totally planned] 6 days before FBI director’s decline to prosecute statement, plus FBI Director’s statements regarding “no outside influence was brought to bear…”

๐Ÿ˜Ž What’s amazing, these statements were recorded by Michael Sylvestre, an expert in Lie Detection analysis, where the Voice Recordings, the important statement-segments were submitted through DecepTech’s Voice Stress Analysis Software System for real-time LIE DETECTION.

๐Ÿ˜Ž You Too can Watch your Public Officials on Live TV Lie to You in Real-Time. What’s most Interesting, literally Anyone with $9,000 can buy the DecepTech Software System, install it onto your Windows v7 Laptop Computer, attend a One-Week training exercise, and viola, you’re Ready to Learn the Truth. As a matter of fact, once you learn how to interpret the results, you can go onto the History Channel, and listen to past televised Speeches or Interviews were Lies or Truths.

๐Ÿ˜Ž Roughly 40 years ago yours truly was Director of Operations for a National Retailer, being charged with interpreting Polygraph results with our Polygraph expert [a former White House Polygrapher] reviewing thousands of pre-employment polygraph tests. Being the only individual in the Company to View & Discuss these results, with over 10,000 polygraphs given, this was an intensive “exercise.” Needless to say I learned most everything there was to know about Polygraphing, then equipment, and interpreting the Polygraph results. In the 1970’s Voice Stress Analysis was being talked about. But at that time portable PC Computer Technology was not readily available to individuals, where PC’s came to the masses years later, in the mid-1980’s with the IBM-PC.

๐Ÿ˜Ž What is most interesting, these historic televised events were recorded by Michael Sylvestre, where the Voice Recordings were the important statements were submitted through DecepTech’s Voice Stress Analysis System in real-time โ€“ Sylvestre is highly experienced Lie Detection expert. His results are astounding.

๐Ÿ˜Ž Hillary is Guilty of Deception, and was close to “maxing out Stress” when she denied emailing any Classified materials to anyone, according to Sylvestre use of DecepTech’s Voice Stress Analysis system.

๐Ÿ˜Ž Loretta Lynch’s remarks about what went on with her meeting with Bill Clinton, were determined to be Lies, according to Sylvestre use of DecepTech’s Voice Stress Analysis system.

๐Ÿ˜Ž Bill Clinton, Attorney General Loretta Lynch and FBI Director James Comey, Sylvestre’s analysis is that all were deceptive with the apparent “Cover Up.”

๐Ÿ˜Ž Sylvestre also focused on FBI Directors statements regarding “no outside influence was brought to bear” on the FBI investigation… Sylvestre determined that the FBI Director voice was under significant of stress in those words, commenting that “someone else had definitely influenced his decision” according to Sylvestre use of DecepTech’s Voice Stress Analysis system.

๐Ÿ˜Ž Famed lie-detection expert Michael Sylvestre used DecepTech’s Voice Stress Analysis System, a forensic device to analyze an interview with Bill Cosby, and has spoken with RadarOnline.com about his findings, that Cosby definitely Lied about his drug related rape charges.

๐Ÿ˜Ž DecepTech’s Voice Stress Analysis System works in real-time, in person, using a standard microphone or by imputing recorded speech using small, inexpensive, off the shelf $100 digital recorders. DecepTech’s System works well with speech in the following venues: live interviews or recorded, statements given over a modern telephone-line, Statements recorded from, or imputed by Live-TV and Radio broadcasts. As the subject speaks, the DecepTech’s System computer displays one’s unique voice pattern, processes it, and displays the laryngeal low frequency warble waveforms on the Computer Display.

๐Ÿ˜Ž Human Voce-Patterns are composed of a mixture of frequencies, amplitudes, and modulations, making one’s voice unique to listeners. However, a band of the frequencies that are mixed in one’s overall voice-patter, is a “low-frequency warble” generated by the laryngeal muscles as one speaks. These low frequencies are generally inaudible to the human ear.

๐Ÿ˜Ž DecepTech Digital Voice Stress Analysis software system is capable of separating [and emphasizing] this low frequency warble from the voice-pattern. This laryngeal low frequency warble maintains relatively consistent oscillations and amplitudes; however, this laryngeal low frequency warble becomes augmented when the Subject-Speaker becomes under stress, when not telling the truth.

๐Ÿ˜Ž DecepTech Digital Voice Stress Analysis System โ€“ Requires a Windows Computer Laptop weighing a few pounds. The Software is the most technically advanced system yet produced to detect, process and display changes in the physiological “Lippoid Micro-Tremors of the laryngeal low frequency warble” in human speech.

๐Ÿ˜Ž Micro-Tremors in the laryngeal muscles has been shown to reflect the level of stress being experienced by an individual, and is observable with visual-components of an individual’s speech. A micro-tremor itself is manifested in Low Frequency Oscillations of 8 to 12 cycles per second, in the reflex mechanism that controls the length and tension of the stretched laryngeal muscular system.

๐Ÿ˜Ž The Lippold Microtremor itself is manifested in oscillations of eight to twelve cycles per second, Hz. This low frequency warble is autonomous reflex of the laryngeal muscles, mechanism that controls the length and tension of these stretched muscles. Microtremors in laryngeal muscles has been shown to reflect the level of stress being experienced by an individual due to deception.

๐Ÿ˜Ž Digital Voice Stress Analysis Systems generally, detects the small changes in the low frequency warble and amplitude, displaying this frequency-band on a Laptop Display. The steady-state, or low-stress condition is seen on the Display as a randomly modulated, low-amplitude low-frequency waveform. However, a stressed condition usually causes the Display of a more constant, less-chaotic waveform, with a typically higher amplitude. The graphical waveforms produced and displayed by the Software System can be interpreted by trained voice stress analysts [VSA] to reveal that the subject is being deceptive.

๐Ÿ˜Ž The DecepTech system consists of three interdependent elements or subsystems: the trained Voice Stress Analysis (VSA) examiner, the Digital Voice Stress Analysis Program, and a carefully-constructed set of proven interview techniques (protocols) and tests. All three elements are usually present in order to accurately discover deception in a subject’s voice.

๐Ÿ˜Ž Unlike the traditional Polygraph, the DecepTech Voice Stress Analysis System eliminates the use of any annoying belts, wires, cords, or cuffs attached to the Subject. All unstructured, free flowing private conversations, and any Public Statements broadcasted on TV may be analyzed, not confined to a strictly structured ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ examination.

๐Ÿ˜Ž Polygraph exams may take hours to complete, and the results may be avoided or defeated. DecepTech’s System provides conclusive answers in just minutes, without any delay between questions or statements. DecepTech’s system provides a verifiable determination of deception to 99% accuracy; while 66% of polygraph exams actually yield conclusive results, as the polygraph monitors several different physiological markers [which can be avoided or defeated].

๐Ÿ˜Ž DecepTech analyzes Lippold micro-tremors, an automatic, involuntary physiological response phenomena, directly related to stress from which deception may be determined. The Lippold Micro-tremor cannot be avoided or defeated, unlike the Polygraph. Unlike the polygraph, there are no known counter-measures that will result in frequent “inconclusive” results, that are associated with lippold micro-tremor analysis.

๐Ÿ˜Ž Typical Polygraph machines measures the subject’s โ€ข heart rate, โ€ข blood pressure, โ€ข galvanic skin response, โ€ข breathing rate, โ€ข breathing intensity, โ€ข other parts of the body which may be subverted. With the Polygraph, drugs will affect the results of the exam.

๐Ÿ˜Ž DecepTechโ„ข works whenever a subject is being deceptive. DecepTechโ„ข is effective in all types of interview situations, including, but not limited to, criminal investigations, violent crimes, robbery, white-collar crimes, and internal affairs investigations, pre-employment examinations, insurance fraud investications and anti-terrorism.

๐Ÿ˜Ž The DecepTech Voice Stress Analysis software System installed in a typical Windows Laptop, weighing only a few pounds, is the most technically advanced Voice Stress Analysis system that has yet been produced to detect, process and display changes in the physiological “Micro-tremors of Lippold” in human speech.

๐Ÿ˜Ž Graphical Waveforms produced and displayed by DecepTech’s Software System can be interpreted by trained analysts to reveal the relative level of voice stress present in the Subject. The System can print reports for the examiner’s review, and to allow cases to be documented and shared among other examiners and investigators. The DecepTech Voice Stress Analysis System Software is [early version 7] Windows compatible systems, installing easily on a desktop or laptop computer.

๐Ÿ˜Ž Voice Stress Analysis (VSA) technology records Psycho-Physiological stress responses that are imbedded in the human voice when a person suffers psychological stress in response to a particular stimulus (prompted by a question), and where the consequences of the person’s answer may be dire. Scientist and Researchers believe that non-verbal content of the voice carries, among other things, information about the physiological and psychological state of the Subject.

๐Ÿ˜Ž Voice Stress Analysis (VSA) technology can identify emotional stress better than traditional Polygraph examinations, according to a study published December 7, 2013, by the International Journal of Electrical, Electronics and Computer Engineering (IJEECE). In a three-year study conducted by the U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory in Rome New York, on voice stress analysis, it was determined that the voice stress units tested were able to recognize stress in the spoken voice. Additionally, these units performed equally whether the voice was a live test or a recorded one.

๐Ÿ˜Ž The International Journal of Electrical, Electronics and Computer Engineering study also provided the caveat that caution should be taken when using voice stress analysis in that it should only be used as an investigative tool and not solely relied on for a case conclusions. {Haddad, D., Walter, S., Ratley, R., & Smith, M. (2001). “Investigation and Evaluation of Voice Stress Analysis Technologies.” Rome Laboratory Report (AFRL-IF-RS-TM-2001-7), 18-19}

๐Ÿ˜Ž Lie detection, also referred to as deception detection, uses questioning techniques along with technology that record physiological functions to ascertain truth and falsehood in response. It is commonly used by law enforcement and has historically been an inexact science. There are a wide variety of technologies available for this purpose. The most common and long used measure is the polygraph, which the U.S. National Academy of Sciences states, in populations untrained in countermeasures, can discriminate lying from truth telling at rates above chance, though below perfection.



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