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🚘 Tesla AutoPilot Driving Assist WORKS! 🔘 Autonomous Driving is Next đŸš˜

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🔘 Tesla AutoPilot is Now, available in “beta version.” AutoPilot for Tesla Drivers, is the future of personal transportation. True Autonomous Driving is coming sooner than many expect. Most Drivers are aware of “Cruise Control” where a Driver can choose a Fixed Speed; Newer cars also maintain a safe following distance. But, Auto-Steering and Auto-Collision Avoidance are entirely new frontiers.

🔘 Tesla Cars with Autopilot Convenience Features – Activating Autopilot features help to relieve Drivers from the most tedious and potentially dangerous aspects of road travel. Tesla combines a (1) High-resolution Forward facing Camera, (2) RADAR, (3) Array of 12 Long-range Sonar Sensors, (4) GPS telemetry, combined with electro-mechanical assist braking and steering system to “automatically drive” your Model S on the Open Road and in dense Stop-and-Go Traffic. AutoPilot hardware is now built into all Model S, X, and Model 3 Cars. The system is activated with the installation of the AutoPilot software tech-package into Tesla Car Computer system, presently a $2500 option, when configured at the time of Car Purchase, or $3000 if AutoPilot is installed after the purchase.

🔘 Tesla’s Autopilot feature gives the Car partial autonomy, and when activated is 50% safer than a Human Driver, according to information assembled by Tesla’s Chief Executive Elon Musk. “The probability of having an accident is 50% lower if you have Autopilot on,” said Musk, speaking at an energy conference in Oslo, Norway. “Even with our first version, it’s almost twice as good as a person.”

🔘 AutoPilot Warning: “Keep your Hands on the Wheel”. AutoPilot is currently in “beta form” and Tesla says to keep your hands on the steering wheel at all times, and be ready to take control of the Car. The system is LEARNING. The “system learns” is when a Driver Corrects the path of the Car, when necessary. The corrective actions taken by the Driver are assembled with the digital data from the GPS, Radar, Sensors, and Camera, and transmitted to Tesla’s Mother Ship for analysis and integration into the next AutoPilot update version. The entire fleet of Tesla Cars with AutoPilot engaged are collecting driving data, over 50 million miles worth of Data, is being analyzed in formulating improved Driving Algorithms for its AutoPilot Software.

🔘 Drawing on Early Data from Tesla’s cars, Musk said that the average number of Miles Driven by a car before an Accident was almost doubled when Autopilot was engaged. These results are from Tesla’s first generation of Autopilot, which owners have been using. Tesla drivers using AutoPilot, have driven over 50 Million Miles since AutoPilot was launched October, 2015.

🔘 Tesla Autopilot software uses Cameras, Radar, an array of 12 Long Range Ultrasonic Sensors to perform basic functions, including steering on a Highways, changing lanes, adjusting speed in response to traffic, and parking the Car. AutoPilot technology (the hardware package) is built into every recent Model of the company’s Cars, from July, 2015 and all 2016 Cars. The Software package is also designed to “Learn how to Drive” and therefor will improve over time.

🔘 Musk expects the 2nd Version, a fully autonomous version of its Autopilot will be even Safer than the current technology. Two years away from being released, the 2nd Generation of Tesla’s Autopilot will require regulatory approval; Tesla will prove to the DOT that AutoPilot easy for every Driver to implement, and is “definitively” Safer than all Drivers not using AutoPilot.

🔘 Tesla is Collecting a Huge DataBase of Driving-Data to demonstrate “that the Safety Level is definitely Improved, by a meaningful margin, when AutoPilot Autonomous Mode is activated versus AutoPilot with Autonomous mode turned off.”

🔘 AutoPilot enabled Tesla Cars [self-driving cars] are safer than human drivers, or is this a high-tech marketing gimmick? A video surfaced earlier this month that showed a Tesla Model S Autopilot prevented a Highway Collision with a truck that cut sharply in front of a Model S from Left-Lane to Right-Lane. The video shows the Model S collision avoidance system “sensed” a vehicle moving into an unsafe distance, and triggered a corrective action by Auto-Steerig to the Right, to avoid the truck as it pulled out in front of the Model S. Coincidentally, the Model S occupant was cell-phone recording their Model S on the Highway having engaged the AutoPilot, and shortly thereafter, the Truck incident occurred. Video Clip: https://goo.gl/OLQAJI

🔘 How Does Tesla’s AutoPilot Work – Model S AutoPilot’s system is constantly learning and improving, due to (A) machine learning algorithms, (B) the car’s wireless [cellular] real-time, always-on connection, (C) ultra-high detailed mapping (D) sensor-array data that each Tesla Car collects. Machine learning algorithms are the latest in sophisticated computer technology, where computers can take a super-large data-set, analyze it, and use it to make increasingly accurate high-confidence predictions. This is the essence of machine learning, a form of artificial intelligence.

🔘 AutoPilot Machine Learning is the method that Tesla Car Computers can become artificially intelligent, where the AutoPilot technology is a form of AI. “The entire Tesla fleet of Cars operates as a large network collecting very high resolution digital data. When one Tesla Car learns something, they all learn it. “This is far beyond what other car companies are doing” says Elon Musk.

🔘 When it comes to the AutoPilot software, Musk explained that each driver using the AutoPilot System essentially becomes an “expert trainer for how the AutoPilot should work. To create its self-driving car, Tesla’s AutoPilot, over 50 million miles of driving Videos and Data into Tesla’s Computer Data Model, creates a Massive digital vocabulary about driving. The resultant algorithms use visual techniques to break down the videos to understand them. The Goal for AutoPilot, when something unexpected happens — a ball rolls into the street — the car can recognize the specific pattern and will react accordingly (because a child could also be running into the street after it, as an example).

🔘 The data from Tesla Drivers was enabled by the hardware systems that Tesla has configured. All Tesla Cars built from mid-2015 through 2016, have (A) 12 ultrasonic sensors on the lower circumference of the vehicle, (B) a front-facing digital camera next to the rear-view mirror, (C) a Radar System mounted under the front nosecone. These three sensing systems are constantly collecting high resolution Data to help the AutoPilot work on the roads, but this System also amasses Data that will make Tesla AutoPilot systems Learn, and operate with more precision in the future.

🔘 Because each of Tesla’s Cars have an always-on wireless Cellular connection to “Tesla’s Mother Ship,” data from driving and using AutoPilot is collected and uploaded into the Tesla Cloud, and analyzed with sophisticated software algorithms. With AutoPilot, Tesla assimilates the data from Tesla Cars using the its Automated Steering and Lane Change Systems, uses this Data to train its AutoPilot algorithms. Tesla then assembles these algorithms, tests them, and incorporates the new Driving Algorithms into upcoming software downloads.

🔘 Currently Tesla has downloading Version 7.1 software. Elon Musk said that Tesla wants much more detailed high-precision mapping data for its automated steering and lane change applications than was available through the standard navigation technology. To meet its needs, Tesla has started to build its own ultra-high-precision mapping data, that have 100 times the level of granularity, compared to standard commercially available navigation systems. Using mostly data from Tesla Cars driving on roads and data from Tesla engineers driving research cars.

🔘 AUTOSTEER & AUTO LANE CHANGE – Autopilot displays a “Steering Wheel Icon located next to the speed display in the instrument cluster will appear Grey. Pull the Cruise Control lever Once to engage the Traffic-Aware Cruise Control and pull it Twice to activate AutoSteer. The steering wheel icon will now turn Blue. AutoSteer keeps the vehicle in the current lane and maintains the vehicle’s speed. However, you must still keep your hands on the steering wheel so you are prepared to take control of the vehicle at any moment during changing road conditions.

🔘 When AutoSteer is activated, you can change lanes by engaging the turn signal, and your Model S will move itself to the adjacent lane when it’s safe to do so.

🔘 AUTOPARK – When traveling below 15mph, a grey P will appear on the instrument cluster when your Model S detects a parking spot next to you. Put the vehicle into reverse and “Autopark Ready” will appear on the touchscreen. Once activated, your Model S will begin to park itself by controlling steering and vehicle speed.

🔘 Tesla Model S Driver Joshua Brown said “It was a mistake on the Truck driver’s part. He did not look or know I was next to him, until I honked my horn” Joshua Brown, recently uploaded the video to YouTube: https://goo.gl/OLQAJI

Model S demonstration of Acceleration and AutoPilot: https://goo.gl/1J05X8. Elon Musk demonstrating Dual Motor Acceleration and AutoPilot: https://goo.gl/lyNmCU. Demonstration of AutoPilot software version 7: https://goo.gl/NvLFmk and https://goo.gl/uh95ry

🔘 Model S Equipped with Driver Assistance components and Autopilot Tech Package, the Forward looking Camera and the Radar sensor are designed to determine when there is a vehicle in front of you in the same lane. If the area in front of Model S is clear, Traffic-Aware Cruise Control maintains a SET driving speed. When a vehicle is detected, Traffic-Aware Cruise Control is designed to slow down Model S as needed to maintain a selected distance from the vehicle in front, up to the set speed. Traffic-Aware Cruise Control does not eliminate the need to watch the road in front of you and to apply the brakes when needed. Traffic-Aware Cruise Control is primarily intended for driving on dry, relatively straight roads, such as highways and freeways. It should not be used on city streets.

🔘 Traffic-Aware Cruise Control is designed for Driving Comfort and Convenience, and is not a collision warning or avoidance system. It is the Driver’s responsibility to stay alert, drive safely, and be in control of the vehicle at all times. Never depend on Traffic-Aware Cruise Control to adequately slow down Model S. Always watch the road in front of you and be prepared to take corrective action at all times. Failure to do so can result in serious injury or death. The instrument panel displays a gray speedometer icon on the left side of the driving speed to indicate that Traffic-Aware Cruise Control is available but the cruising speed has not been set. Unless a vehicle is detected ahead of you, you must be driving at least 18 mph to use Traffic-Aware Cruise Control. If a vehicle is detected ahead of you, you can use Traffic-Aware Cruise Control at any speed, even when stationary. When driving at your desired speed, set the cruising speed by moving the cruise-control lever up or down (or pulling it briefly toward you), then releasing.

🔘 The speedometer icon on the instrument panel turns blue and displays the set speed to indicate that Traffic-Aware Cruise Control is actively maintaining the set speed. The Driver may now release the accelerator pedal and allow Traffic-Aware Cruise Control to maintain your set speed. When no vehicle is detected ahead, Traffic-Aware Cruise Control maintains the set speed. If a vehicle is detected, Traffic-Aware Cruise Control maintains your chosen following distance, up to the set speed, accelerating and decelerating Model S as needed. When the vehicle you are following is no longer detected, Traffic-Aware Cruise Control accelerates back to the set speed. Traffic-Aware Cruise Control also adjusts the speed as appropriate when entering and exiting curves.

🔘 Adjust your following distance – To adjust the distance you want to maintain between Model S and a vehicle traveling ahead of you, rotate the cruise control lever to choose a setting from 1 (the closest following distance) to 7 (the longest following distance). Each setting corresponds to a time-based distance that represents how long it takes for Model S, from its current location, to reach the location of the rear bumper of the vehicle ahead. Cruising at the Speed Limit – Traffic-Aware Cruise Control makes it easy to cruise at the speed limit. Once you’ve initially set a cruising speed, you can adjust the speed to cruise at the speed limit that is currently being determined by Speed Assist. To do so, pull the cruise control lever toward you and hold momentarily (about half a second). When you release, your cruising speed is set to the speed that is automatically or manually being determined by Speed Assist, taking into consideration any o set you have speci ed. If you are already driving faster than the speed limit when you pull and momentarily hold the lever, the set speed does not adjust to the speed limit—it adjusts to your current driving speed. To increase/decrease speed by 1 mph, move the lever up or down to the first position and release. To increase/decrease speed to the closest 5 mph increment, move the lever up/down to the second position and release. For example, if you are traveling at 57 mph and you move the lever up to the second position and release, the speed increases to 60 mph. You can also increase/decrease speed by holding the lever in the full up/down position and releasing when the desired speed displays below the cruise control icon. To cruise at the speed limit that is currently being determined by Speed Assist (including any o sets that you have set), pull the cruise control lever toward you and hold momentarily (about half a second). It may take a few seconds for Model S to reach the new cruising speed. The maximum set speed is 90 mph (150 km/h).

🔘 TESLA’s Model S, first arrived on the market 4 years ago in June, 2012, when the first Model S rolled off the production line. Four years later on May 1, 2016 the New and Improved Model S Cars are rolling off the production line at a pace of 1000 Cars/Week. The most noticeable change is with the front “Nose Grill” area, the nose-cone.

🔘 Cosmetics was the primary reason Tesla used a “Front Grill-like” feature in its initial design of the Model S. The nose-grill is non-functional, and was chosen to retain the “look” of traditional Cars. Since there’s no gasoline-combustion engine, and therefor no heat created, and no radiator to dissipate the heat that doesn’t exist… a front Grill to admit air for a radiator is not the function; the front Grill is strictly cosmetic.

🔘 TESLA’s Mission is to Deliver an Electric Car that “looks like” what everyone expects a Car to look like; and to have their Electric Car perform, as everyone expects a “traditional car to perform”… even though it’s Electric.

🔘 The Model S concepts are driving forces since 2010, and presently remain a major focus for TESLA. Tesla’s ultimate goal is to deliver affordable Electric Cars for the Mainstream, the Model 3 being Tesla’s first entry into the affordable car for the masses category.

🔘 TESLA’s all Electric Roadster and Model S proved that an Electric Car can be aesthetically attractive with superior performance. The Model S nose-Grill does not pass ambient-air through, to an Air-Over-Radiator as with Gasoline Engine powered cars. TESLA’s nose-Grill design was strictly cosmetic, as folks expected to see a Grill.

🔘 Currently, 80,000 Model S Cars have been purchased in the US, for a total of 110,000 Model S deliveries globally. Tesla believes with over $10 Billion in Sales Deliveries of their electric Cars, the non-functional cosmetic grill, may now be replaced with an aerodynamically efficient nosecone. The new “nose” design is currently used in Model X cars, and is planned for Model 3 cars, starting production in late 2017.

🔘 The Nose-Grill displayed in the May, 2016 Model S is Aerodynamically Superior, to the 2012 Grill, due to its carefully engineering, wind-tunnel tested shape; The 2012 nose-grill was non-functional, with unfavorable aerodynamics; but it was “worth it” to have their electric Cars accepted by the Market, in the face of decades of “Traditional Cars.” Model S new nosecone is the same precision-design wind-tunnel tested nosecone, used for Model X and Model 3.

🔘 Model 3 Received 400,000 Reservation Deposit Checks, talk about Market Acceptance. The Model 3 is Tesla’s new, affordable $35,000 electric car, with over 400k reservations with $1000 deposits.

🔘 Imagine this, Tesla has received $400,000,000 in Cash deposits for Model 3, with customers hoping to receive the Model 3, ASAP; however no sooner than “Late, 2017” according to Tesla Motors.

🔘 The Model S facelift brings TESLA’s design “up to speed” aerodynamically, with the Model X and the upcoming Model 3 sedan. The revised front-fascia swaps-out the large faux-grille, in favor of a thin top-strip across the front with a centered bold T Logo. Changing the nose-cone on the Model S is aerodynamically-functional, having significantly reduced the “Wind Resistance” of the Car, thereby increased the overall Milage Range by more than 10%.

🔘 The Improved Model S has been fitted with New Head Lights that are powered with high-power LEDs, including 14 three-position dynamic turning lights to improve visibility with evening turns and winding roads.

🔘 Tesla Engineers have added a new HEPA air filtration system, removing 99.97% of all particulate exhaust pollution, allergens, bacteria, and other airborne contaminants. Like the Model X, this Air Filtration system features a “Bioweapon Defense Mode” that maintains positive pressure inside the cabin, to prevent toxic gasses from entering the Car’s cabin.

🔘 Tesla Designers have added several cosmetic improvements in the Cabin, adding a few new wood trim options. Buyers can also select an Option for heating or cooling Forced-Air ventilation of the front seats, a similar HVAC system employed in Tesla’s Model X. For example, on a Hot Afternoon in South Florida, the interior seating becomes very hot, upwards of 150ÂșF.

🔘 Tesla offers an AirConditioned Front Seats Option, that delivers Cool, Dry, Forced-Air Circulation inside the perforated seat-cushions, creating a cool, dry seat, rather than a scorching hot seat, particularly if you fit the Car with Black Leather. Seat-cushion air circulation is very comfortable at all times. However, particularly comfortable during long commutes and road-trips.

🔘 Tesla’s iPhone APP – when launched your iPhone becomes a Remote Control for your Model S Car. Using the App you can start the Car’s Air Conditioning System, while you are finishing getting dressed in the morning, or awaiting your arrival from your Meeting, Luncheon, or Shopping. From your iPhone or Apple Watch, you are able to see the internal temperature of the Car, verify that it’s properly Locked, check your Fuel Range, and Turn-On the Air Conditioning, preparing the Car for your arrival to it.

🔘 Model S will likely be paired with a 120 kWh High-Capacity LiON Battery delivering a Range of 400 Miles that will eventually replace the battery pack presently offered. We previously reported that Tesla and Panasonic have designed a slightly larger LiON battery cell [2mm bigger in diameter, 5mm taller] that delivers 33% greater Power with no increase in the cost to product the Lion cells. Implementation of this new LiON 20700 cell may be the effect of assembling a 120 kWh LiON battery pack. Presently Customers have the choice of TESLA’s 70 kWh LiOn battery pack, and the 90 kWh LiON Battery pack, paired with either a single-rear-motor, 2-Wheel Drive system, or paired with Front-Wheel motor plus Rear-Wheel motor, for their AWD package.

🔘 Folks require more than a 300 mile range in an Electric Car. Tesla need to deliver a 400 Mile Range Battery pack, principally because at current Charging Rates, a 5-Minute “electric” Fill-Up delivers 28 Miles Range added to the LiON Battery, at Best. We understand that Tesla SuperCharger Stations will increase to a Power of 150 kWh [from 120 kWh]. This 25% increase that may deliver 35 Miles per 5 Minute charge, or 100 Mile Range in 15 Minutes, or over 200 Mile Range in 30 minutes.

🔘 There are 168,000 Gas Stations, and 40,000 Electric Fueling Spots in the US. Electric Car drivers need and want greater Range per Full Charge, per Fill-up. Recall, When a Gasoline Engine powered Car pulls into a Gas Station, within 5-Minutes, they receive 15 Gallons of Gas, which provides 330 Miles of range, as established by the EPA standards of 22MPG, with a 15 gallon fuel-tank.

🔘 Tesla needs a 120 kWh 400 Mile Range LiON Battery for the Model S, X, and Model 3 Cars. A 120 kWh Battery’s 400 mile Range, in traditional Gas-Tank equivalency, of an 18.2 Gallon Gas Tank, in a car that achieves 22MPG. Hopefully the Chargers and Battery Chemistry, will permit more Power to enter the LiOn Battery in Less Time.

🔘 For Electric Car Fill-ups, a 5-Minute Electric Fill-up, an Electric Car receives only 28 Miles of Range, at any of the 630 Tesla SuperCharger Stations, the most powerful [120 kWh chargers] in the US. The 2nd best Electric Charger “in the wild” delivers 16 mile Range for a 5 minute charge, and there are not too many of these ChargePoint 200 RPH chargers. The Model S onboard charging system has been upgraded to accept 48 Amp Service, a 20% increase over the previous specs.

🔘 Space X Mission Successfully Lands CRS-8 First Stage Rocket on a Drone-Ship situated in the Atlantic Ocean, April, 2016. http://youtu.be/sYmQQn_ZSys

🔘 SPACE X Mission April 8, 2016, 30 minute narrated clip behind the line showing the Mission, an the background stories. Well worth your time. As you are watching this clip, as the 1st stage Rocket Lands on the Drone-Ship, floating out there, in the Atlantic Ocean, you’ll be standing and cheering with everyone else… http://youtu.be/7pUAydjne5M

🚘 Compare Tesla Model S and Model X all Electric Cars. From a Non-Car-Guy point of view, we discuss in reasonable detail [not-too-technical] a few of the commonly used electric-car terms; We need to think and understand this new “language.”

🚘 Tesla Cars Viewed from a Buyer Perspective, selecting the Options for the Model S or Model X makes significant changes to the Comfort and Safety of the Driver & Passengers, plus the Car’s Agility, Power, and Performance. In this article we Compare two highly rated Tesla electric Cars.

🚘 Permit me to bring you “up to speed” on some of the ingredients that make the Tesla Electric Cars “tick.” Remember, it’s All about the Cells, LiON Cells. Thousands of Cells in all Model X and Model S Cars.

🚘 Look at this Single Lithium-Ion Cell in hand. The LiON Cell is truly the Magical Ingredient that energizes Tesla Model S and Model X Cars. Thousands of these Cells [literally 7,104 Cells] all lined up in a special arrangement, with 444 cells housed in each Module, where all 16 modules are connected together to deliver 400v DC at 225 Amps, yielding a 90 kWh Battery weighing 1,200 pounds.

🚘 Tesla’s GigaFactory, 100 Electric Ave, Sparks, Nevada. Tesla’s Lithium-Ion Battery factory [over 3 million sq.ft, on 1.5 sq. miles land] will produce more Lithium Cells than the entire World’s 2015 production. The Gigafactory’s initial production capacity is targeted at 35 Million kWh per Year, enough Lithium Cells to power 400,000 Tesla Cars/yr, [that’s 2.75 Billion Cells, LiON Cells/year or 7.64 Million Cells/day].

🚘 Tesla’s new GigaFactory is an 80 Acre Building Under Roof. Tesla’s battery partner [Panasonic] will be manufacturing their new co-designed LiOn Cell [the 20700 Cell] rendering it +133% more powerful. When Tesla’s Production Line [for Model X, Model S, Model 3 Cars] delivers 12,000 Cars per month, Tesla’s Gigafactory will be Producing 2.8 Million LiON Cells every Day, for the Car’s Batteries; This is just the “startup” quantity before Tesla Ramps-Up production [add the Model 3 Car in 2018] in Tesla’s new 3.5 million sq.ft. facility, the first phase of 10 Million sq.ft.

🚘 It’s Really All about the LiON Cells. Look at the picture of the 18650 Lithium-Ion Cell standing upright next to a traditional Double-AA battery on my iPad Pro’s keyboard. The LiON Cell [39gm] is over twice the physical size and weight of the AA battery [16gm]. Notice 5000 mAh capacity, equals 5.0 Ah at 3.7v DC. [Watts = A x V] or 5×3.7 = 18.5 Watt/Hr. Let’s divide it by 1000, to convert 18.5 Watts into kiloWatts. 18.5/1000 = 0.0185 kWh.

🚘 We Converted 18.5 Watts of storage into kWh [0.0185 kWh] the same units as in the 90 kWh Battery Pack. We know there are 7,104 LiON Cells in TESLA’s battery pack. Each individual LiON Cell can store 0.0185 kWh of power… seems like an itty-bitty amount of Power.

🚘 Cells are TESLA’s MAGIC. All these LiOn Cells are like a Miniature “Army” of Cells. A single “Army-Man’s” power, may not be impressive, with only 0.0184 kWh of muscle; BUT, let’s multiply our Army-Man, and bring in 7104 Army-Men; Now we have several Brigades, a “Powerful Force” of 7104 Men… 7104 Cells… Therefor, let’s take the single Cell’s modest Power of 0.0185 kWh, times 7,104. [0.0185 x 7104 = 131.4 kWh]

🚘 This is a Storage Pack with 131.4 kWh Power. OMG, that’s Huge. If these LiON Cells were all lined up in Tesla’s special arrangement for their TESLA Battery Pack, they’d have an amazing 130 kWh Battery, that’s 144% greater capacity than their present 90 kWh Battery, which would likely be an EPA rating of 400 Miles Range, rather than 275 EPA miles, for the present day 90 kWh Battery. See how much fun we’re having…

🚘 After All, it’s really all about the Cells, currently the 18650 LiOn Cell, is 18mm in diameter by 65mm tall. Battery Engineers say by increasing the Cell’s Diameter marginally by 2mm to 20mm, and increasing the cell’s Height from 65mm to 70mm, the new Cell, the LiON 20700 Cell will actually deliver 133% of the Power than its smaller brother, at the Same Cost per Cell.

🚘 Delivery of the 20700 LiON Cell may be the “Birth” of Tesla’s new 120 kWh Battery, with a Range over 400 Miles. This is a Huge development. Personally, having over 350 EPA certified miles is the Range folks need to see. Anything significantly less in Range [in my opinion] would be considered a “Commuter Car.”

🚘 Today is Racing in Fast Forward to the Future, as Electric Cars Charge on to the Mainstream However, too many folks remain pulled back with decades of prejudices and familiarity: “Pistons, Tanks, Gas, Rods, Gallons, Liters, Fumes, Plugs, V8’s, Octane, Unleaded…” Today, Electric Cars are becoming more popular partly because of the “GREEN” effect, plus some folks see Fuel Cost savings beneficial in the longer view.

🚘 Gas Prices at $2.75/Gallon currently, Equals 12±/Mile, [assume the EPA 22 MPG] the cost the average Gas Guzzler is about 12±/Mile. This fuel cost/mile is Three Times the cost of the Tesla Models S or X, electric utility charge of 4±/Mile. [electricity cost 12±/kW]

🚘 It takes Courage to be GREEN with Cars. One must have lots of Courage to be an “Electric Car Pioneer” knowing that: (A) Electric Car manufacturers do not have decades of experiences or durability stats, (B) Electric Charger-Stations are “few and far between” literally, (C) the Time required for an electric Fill-Up.

🚘 Gas Staton Fill-Ups: For an EPA standard 15 gallon Fill-Up, traditional Gas Stations [currently there are 168,000 US Gas Stations] that require about 5-Minutes in Fueling Time, giving your car 330 miles of Range, with an EPA standard of 22MPG, renders a cost of 12±/Mile, at $2.65/Gallon. With Electric-Car charging at most of the 40,000 charging-stations that currently exist in the US, the same 5-Minutes Fueling Time, gives your Electric Car 2.5 miles of Range. At DC FAST Express Commercial and Public Charging (19.2 kWr) Stations, a 5 minute charge gives your electric Car about 5 miles of Range. Fortunately, many EV Car Drivers have a Charger Connection at their residence garage, for every night fill-ups.

🚘 Your Garage becomes your Fuel Service Station, as you can Plug-In your Tesla using a 19.2 kWh Super Charger Kit, for an Over Night Fill Up, every Night. Although, the charging rate is roughly 60 RPH, [60 miles of Range per Hour of Charging], If you have a 360 Mile Battery, plugging in overnight, in 6 hours you are FULL of electric power. Although, the Public Charging Stations are time consuming for even a modest fill-up, your Garage Charger is very convenient for an every-Night topping-off your “Electric Fuel Tank.”

🚘 For Electric Cars to become truly Mainstream, These Issues Must be resolved

(A) Battery Range of 350 Miles
– Affordable Battery Technology, to render energy storage at a reasonable cost, giving 350+ Miles Range. With a bazillion Gas Stations in the US, [actually 168,000] gas driven cars receive a 330 mile range with a 5-minute Fill-Up time
(B) Range per 5 Minute Fill-Up. Charging Stations will have to Deliver significantly more Range than 5 Miles with a 5 Minute Charge
(C) DC-FAST chargers by ChargePoint are currently the fastest commercial chargers giving a Rate of 200 RPH which equals 15 Miles Range for a 5 Minute charge using the CHAdeMO plug.

🚘 TESLA is getting FASTER with Charging Speed, as their Super-Charger Stations Deliver a 30 mile Range in 5-minutes, 115 Miles of Range in 20 Minutes, or 170 Miles in 30 Minutes, Electric Charging gives 5 Miles of Range per Minute … This charging-rate although FAST for electric charging points, is still relatively slow, compared to the Time folks are used to at Gas Stations, giving 60 miles of Range per Minute. Tesla’s Super-Charger Stations are proprietary for Tesla Cars Only, as Tesla is providing its Power at No Cost to Tesla Drivers.

🔮 Below are YouTube Video-Clips Links that you may be interested in viewing. Having reviewed dozens of videos, these have been picked, showing (A) A Video, narrated, takes you into the assembly-line of the Model S at their factory in Fremont, California (B) Tesla associate Delivering a Tesla Model S to a customer; taking a new Tesla owner through the setup of the features for the Model S. TESLA’s delivery-training is worth your time (C) the next 2 video-clips demonstrate the Tesla AutoPilot in action on freeways, first with the Model X, the second is with the Model S car.

đŸ”” These Clips have been placed between two distinctive images, so you can return here, at a later time, after you’ve read the article.

🔮 Tesla Factory is Automated with Robotics; this interesting, narrated YouTube video-clip gives a closeup view of the assembly of some key components such as the unique Tesla Motor, Gear Box, and Dashboard electronics: https://goo.gl/5wu3sW

🔮 Tesla Factory Delivery of Your New Model S All Tesla Cars are build-to-order. In a few weeks you car will be ready for delivery to you. This YouTube narrated video-clip shows a Tesla Delivery to a Customer: https://goo.gl/cpHnYt

🔮 Tesla Drivers demonstrate the Model X and the Model S AutoPilot with Software version 7.0 These narrated demonstrations of the Autopilot shows the hands-free operation of the Tesla Autopilot controlling the car on Expressways at 70+mph, quite amazing:
https://goo.gl/Tj3wGr
https://goo.gl/YxQyNa

🔮 A Tesla Driver demonstrates the Apple Watch monitoring the status of the Model S and some of the Controlling capability of the Model-S Car. https://goo.gl/72smx0

🚘 Tesla provides a Free APP for iPhones and Apple Watch where Drivers may Plug-In at the Charging station, Start the Charge cycle, Lock the Car, then go into a Coffee shop or Retail Center. Then Remotely, Drivers can Open the Tesla APP on your iPhone and on your Apple Watch, which Logs-In to your Tesla Car’s Computer, to do lots of tasks
(A) Look at the Status of your Car: Locked, Unlocked, Interior Temperature, Range in Miles
(B) You can Honk your Horn, Flash the Car’s Lights to help you find the car in a large parking lot, or a dark street, Start the A/C system to Cool-Down your Car, so it’s ready for you at a Comfortable temperature, or heat the car in the Winter season
(C) Look at the Charging-progress of your Car, see the Miles Range as your Battery is charging, you’d then know when it’s time to return to your Tesla Car
(D) All of these actions can be performed from your iPhone and your Apple Watch.

🚘 Tesla Promises Free Super-Charges Forever. Free charging as assured by Elon Musk helps to mitigate the limited Network of Stations, and the relatively slow Charge-time [compared to Gas-Fill-Ups]. Tesla’s SuperCharger Stations are Super-Fast [compared to all other Commercial and Public charger stations] but are relatively slow compared to Gasoline Car fill-ups. Hopefully new Battery technologies will permit significantly Faster Charge Times. It is believed that LiON Battery technology is one of the major factors limiting Charge-Time.

🚘 Tesla SuperCharger stations require 20-30 Minutes to obtain a reasonable 100-175 Mile Range added to their Battery “Fuel Tanks.” To mitigate this “time issue” Tesla locates their Stations near Destinations where the Driver may be encouraged to visit, like Coffee Shops, Malls, Retail Shopping Centers.

🚘 Good News: The Public, Federal & State Governments, and Technology Enterprises are Focusing on GREEN Personal Transportation Solutions. For Traditional Cars: We need to arrest (an increasing portion of) the Toxic-Fumes spewing into the atmosphere, Electric Vehicles (EVs) are an answer; The EV Revolution has many of us digesting a new vocabulary: Lithium Ion batteries, Cells, 90 kWh, 70 kWh, LiON Cells, is Bigger Better, How Big is enough, Charger-Stations, Amps, Watts, Volts, Bolts, AC, DC not CD, RPH not MPH… EV’s have NO sign of Toxic Fumes, there’s no Gas-burning, nor tail-pipe Exhaust…

🚘 Compare Model X & Model S: Reviewing Tesla’s web site is a good experience; the web-site is well designed and full of attractive, informative dialogs and graphics. Our effort, is to provide the back-story, analysis, and related information on the topic of Electric Cars, from the point of view of a “Non-CAR-Guy.” After all, we want to know more about electric cars; we need to know What’s Watt.

🚘 Model S – Performance and Safety Refined – Model S is designed from the ground up to be the safest, most exhilarating sedan on the road; Having driven the Model S recently, Exhilarating is an Understatement. With unparalleled performance delivered through Tesla’s unique, all-electric powertrain, Model S accelerates from 0 to 60 mph in as little as 2.8 seconds with its optional “Ludicrous Performance Mode.” Model S comes with true Autopilot capabilities designed to assist the highway driving experience, making it safer and stress free.

🚘 Adaptive Headlight Lighting – Model S features full LED adaptive headlights. Besides enhancing the already great styling, adaptive headlights also boost safety. With 14 three-position LED dynamic turning-lights improve visibility at night, especially on winding roads.

🚘 HEPA Medical Grade Air Filter – Model S now features a Medical grade HEPA air filtration system, which removes 99.97% of particulate exhaust pollution and effectively all allergens, bacteria, and other contaminants from the Cabin Atmosphere. Tesla has a “Bioweapon Defense” mode that creates a Positive Pressure inside the Cabin to protect occupants from any poisonous gasses from entering the Car. Not that we are expecting an attack, but, every day we can be following a Tractor Trailer that is spewing Clouds of Black Soot and Toxic Fumes… this screen activated mode, protects everyone in the Car from being “gassed” by every-day driving hazards.

🚘 Autopilot – Tesla’s Autopilot performs the following comprehensive tasks (A) assists Model S with steering, by keeping the Car within your Lane, (B) Change lanes with the simple tap of a turn signal (C) Manages Speed by using active, traffic-aware cruise control assuring safe following distance from the Car ahead (D) Digitally controls the motors, brakes, and steering mechanisms, to help avoid collisions from either Frontally and Sides (E) Prevents the car from wandering off the road, as often occurs when a sleepy driver dozes.

🚘 Tesla AutoPilot also enables your car to Scan for an adequate Parking Space, and will Parallel Park on the Driver’s command. Tesla’s Summon, is a new feature that permits the Driver to “Call your Car” using your iPhone. When the Driver Summon’s their Car, the AutoPilot controls the car where it self-drives your empty Car, to meet you at your Front Door, all systems on GO. Tesla’s Autopilot features are progressively enabled over time with periodic software updates. The latest software update 7.0 added the “Summon” feature mentioned above.

🚘 Automatic Steering with Traffic Aware Cruise Control – Active sensors combined with GPS and high resolution digital maps comprise a mutually reinforcing system that pilots Model S along the highway, staying within your lane, even in stop and go traffic.

🚘 AutoPilot with Real-Time Learning – RealTime automated feedback from Tesla’s fleet of over 100,000 of Model S and X Cars. Think about it. All Tesla Car’s onboard Computers are periodically reporting to the “Mother Ship” information about the accuracy of its AutoPilot functions and Driver Assist features.

🚘 AutoPilot – If the Tesla Computer is driving “off course” where the Driver intercedes with a “course correction” the Car’s onBoard Computer makes note of these “autonomous driving errors” and transmits each occurrence to Tesla’s home office. All these course corrections and adjustments from all over the world, from Tesla’s Fleet of over 100,000 cars are assimilated. Software engineers will augment the navigation program accordingly, to ensure these systems are continually Learning and Improving upon itself. Tesla transmits a “Smarter, Trained, AutoPilot” into your Model S, Model X, Model 3 Computer system, periodically.

🚘 Dual Motor Model S is a categorical improvement on conventional all-wheel drive systems. With two motors, one in the front and one in the rear, Model S digitally and independently controls torque to the front and rear wheels. The result is unparalleled traction control in all road and climate conditions.

🚘 Model S, it’s two Motors are lighter, smaller, and more efficient than the Gasoline Car counterparts, providing both improved Range and faster Acceleration. In contrast, conventional all-wheel drive cars employ complex mechanical linkages and transaxles to distribute power from a single engine to all four wheels. This sacrifices energy efficiency in favor of all-weather traction.

🚘 Model S Performance comes standard with All-Wheel Drive Dual Motors, pairing the high performance rear motor with a high efficiency front motor to achieve “SuperCar” acceleration, from zero to 60 miles per hour in 2.8 seconds.

🚘 Model S is Built around the Driver – Model S is a Car-Driver’s car. The cabin combines meticulous noise-abatement engineering with Tesla’s uniquely quiet powertrain to obtain the Sound Dynamics of a Recording Studio. Having recently driven the Model S, one of the most stunning observations Driving the Model S is the “Total Silence” one experiences when putting on a Pair of BOSE noise-cancelling Headphones.

🚘 Touchscreen – The Model S is controlled an impressive 17″ touchscreen, is the interior centerpiece, high-resolution Display. The LCD display is angled toward the Driver and includes both day and night modes for better visibility without distraction. The Display puts rich and important content at the Driver’s fingertips providing mobile [cellular] connectivity. The Driver can easily find a destination, favorite song, or a new restaurant, PLUS the display controls most of the car’s functions. Opening the all glass panoramic roof, customizing the automatic climate control, setting the AutoPilot parameters, changing the radio station, all happen with a swipe or a touch. The touchscreen, digital instrument cluster, and steering wheel controls seamlessly integrate media, navigation, communications, cabin controls and vehicle data.

🚘 Model S is designed from the ground up to be the safest car on the road, according to Tesla. Much of its safety is owed to the unique electric drivetrain and the 1200 pound Battery pack that sits beneath the car’s aluminum occupant cell in its own subframe. This unique positioning substantially lowers the car’s center of gravity, which improves handling and minimizes rollover risk, and replaces the heavy engine block with impact absorbing boron steel rails.

🚘 Side impacts are met by aluminum pillars reinforced with steel rails to reduce intrusion, protecting occupants and the battery pack while improving roof stiffness. In the event of an accident, eight airbags protect front and rear occupants, and the 90 kWh Battery [a high-voltage 400v DC, 225 Amp array of LiOn Cells] is automatically disconnected.

🚘 Tesla Launch Event of for the Model X – Sept 29, 2015 by Tesla Motors – https://vimeo.com/140889963

🚘 According to Tesla Motors, the Model X is the safest, fastest and most capable sport utility vehicle in history. With all-wheel drive and a 90 kWh battery providing 257 miles of range [an EPA stat], Model X has ample seating for up to seven adults [with 3 seating options] and all of their gear. The Model X it’s ludicrously fast, accelerating from zero to 60 MPH in as quick as 3.2 seconds [with High Performance Option]. Model X is the no-compromise SUV.

🚘 Tesla states that it’s Model X is designed with safety as the first priority. The floor-mounted 1200 pound battery lowers the center of gravity so that the risk of rollover is “half the risk” any other SUV in its class. The battery structure strengthens Model X against side impact intrusions. Without a gasoline engine, the Model X’s large front trunk acts as a giant impact-absorbing crumple zone. Tesla’s own internally conducted crash testing indicates that Model X has the expectation, to be the first SUV to receive the highest safety rating in every category; although as of this writing, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has not yet conducted crash testing on the Model X.

🚘 Active Safety: Model X continually scans the surrounding roadway with cameras, radar and sonar systems, providing the driver with real-time feedback to help avoid collisions. Even at highway speeds, Model X is designed to automatically apply brakes in an emergency.

🚘 Falcon Wing doors allow easy access to second and third row seats from even a tight parking space, while traditional SUV doors or Minivan sliding doors would not grant any access.

🚘 With only a foot of clearance on either side, Falcon Wing doors articulate smoothly up and out of the way, allowing passengers to enter from both front and rear directions. The side and overhead opening is so large that parents can buckle children in without ducking or straining and without bumping their child’s head on the roof.

🚘 Aerodynamic, Model X is able to achieve 257 miles of range in part because it is the most aerodynamic SUV in production. With a Drag Coefficient of 0.24, Model X’s Wind Resistance is 20% lower than the next best SUV, better than most all other Cars period. In addition, an active spoiler deploys from the rear lift-gate optimizes highway efficiency and stability.

🚘 Big Sky Effect – Model X has the largest all glass panoramic windshield in production, providing an unparalleled view of the road, scenery, stars, and sky above. Optimized solar-tinting and obstruction-free view, creates unlimited visibility for the driver and all passengers.

🚘 Autopilot – Tesla’s Autopilot performs the following comprehensive tasks (A) assists Model S with steering, by keeping the Car within your Lane, (B) Change lanes with the simple tap of a turn signal (C) Manages Speed by using active, traffic-aware cruise control assuring safe following distance from the Car ahead (D) Digitally controls the motors, brakes, and steering mechanisms, to help avoid collisions from either Frontally and Sides (E) Prevents the car from wandering off the road, as often occurs when a sleepy driver dozes.

🚘 Tesla AutoPilot also enables your car to Scan for an adequate Parking Space, and will Parallel Park on the Driver’s command. Tesla’s Summon, is a new feature that permits the Driver to “Call your Car” using your iPhone. When the Driver Summon’s their Car, the AutoPilot controls the car where it self-drives your empty Car, to meet you at your Front Door, all systems on GO. Tesla’s Autopilot features are progressively enabled over time with periodic software updates. The latest software update 7.0 added the “Summon” feature mentioned above.

🚘 Automatic Steering with Traffic Aware Cruise Control – Active sensors combined with GPS and high resolution digital maps comprise a mutually reinforcing system that pilots Model S along the highway, staying within your lane, even in stop and go traffic.

🚘 AutoPilot with Real-Time Learning – RealTime automated feedback from Tesla’s fleet of over 100,000 of Model S and X Cars. Think about it. All Tesla Car’s onboard Computers are periodically reporting to the “Mother Ship” information about the accuracy of its AutoPilot functions and Driver Assist features.

🚘 AutoPilot – If the Tesla Computer is driving “off course” where the Driver intercedes with a “course correction” the Car’s onBoard Computer makes note of these “autonomous driving errors” and transmits each to Tesla’s home office. All these course corrections and adjustments from all over the world, from Tesla’s Fleet of over 100,000 cars are assimilated, to ensure these systems are continually Learning and Improving upon itself. Tesla transmits a “Smarter, Trained, AutoPilot” into your Model S, Model X, Model 3 Computer system, periodically.

🚘 Seating for Seven – Model X comfortably seats seven people in three rows: 2F, 3M, 2R. Every seat is the best seat in the house; however, the Middle Row of 3 seats are a work of art. Mounted on a single post and independently reclining, each second row seat is designed to maximize passenger comfort, legroom, under seat storage and access to the third row. The third row seats fold flat when not in use and the second row seats lean forward and out of the way for even more cargo area

🚘 Technology and Specifications
‱ Regular over-the-air updates add safety and navigation features, enhance performance and improve the driver experience
‱ Free Charge-ups at Tesla’s Supercharger network
‱ Maps and navigation with real-time traffic information
‱ Center console with a quick connect iPhone dock
‱ GPS enabled Homelink
‱ Electric All-Wheel Drive for max efficiency/traction
‱ Active safety technologies: side collision avoidance, automatic emergency braking
‱ Parking sensors and blind spot warning
‱ Full LED headlamps
‱ Power-folding, heated side mirrors
‱ Up to four LATCH child seat attachments
‱ Largest glass panoramic windshield in production, providing unparalleled views
‱ Falcon Wing doors allow access to 2nd, 3rd row seats
‱ Automatic keyless entry
‱ Automatic rear lift-gate opening
‱ Large interior storage capacity of 77 cubic feet
‱ Front trunk with room for luggage, strollers or golf bags
‱ Warranty is 8 years, infinite mile Battery and Drive Unit
‱ Warranty is 4 years, 50,000 mile limit for entire Car

🚘 Admittedly, before engaging with our Tesla Comparisons, it was believed that the Model S was the Larger Car, yes, the “S” is likely lower to the Ground, and it is. Having seen both cars “up close and personal” the Model S visually gives the appearance of being a Heavier, Longer and Wider machine.

🚘 Comparison-List of Specs for Model X and Model S for 9⃣ key measures; the results were quite surprising. Here are a few of the biggest surprises: the Model X is 624 Pounds Heavier, The Model X is Wider by 4″, it’s also Longer by 2″, and more Shoulder Room by 3″ Wider, Head Room is almost 3″ Taller for those big guys, and Hip Room is over 4″ Wider too.

🚘 Truthfully, I’m already “Sold on the entire Tesla concept” however, Comparing both Models. But after a fairly extensive research effort, to render this article worthwhile, my 1st choice Model changed, back and forth, both ways, this way and that way… I thought this would be an easy pick. Selecting a Car is a personal matter. The Style, Look, Power, AWD, RWD, Utility, Speed, Range, Software, Suspension, Colors and Materials… Which Model is best for you, the “X” or the “S” ? Read on, it may help with your selection.

🚘 The Challenge as Electric Vehicles become “Mainstream” particularly in light of Tesla’s new Model 3 Reveal, midnight (March 31st-April 1st) just three weeks ago, Tesla received over 325,000 Reservation Deposits of $1000 in One Week. This is an unheard of huge global “Reservation-List” for a new Car that no one at the time had actually seen yet, albeit an affordable $35,000 beauty. (We’ve collected some stunning pictures and video clips below).

🚘 Whether it’s TESLA Cars or the other 25-flavors of electric cars sold in the US last year, for example, the Top Three: 92,700 Chevy Volts, 92,500 Nissan Leafs, 63,100 Tesla Model S Cars, are among the 410,000 electric vehicles sold last year, plus 12,200 charging stations and 30,700 Public Charging points in the US. Where are all those Charging locations that have the “Type of Juice” a Tesla requires? How much will it Take? How many Miles can be driven with an Electric Fill-Up? In a Reasonable amount of Time… how much Time?

🚘 The Buzz Words, AC, DC, kWh, SAE-J1772, CHAdeMO, RPH not MPH, DC not CD, Current-Flow, no more High-Test or Low-Test… So What’s with the Watts, Range, Amps, Volts, Bolts and Leafs. Fear Not, scroll-down to this “––Previously Reported––” marker, where we’ve explained many of these terms, which serves as a guide for your New Tesla, to keep you energized and literally Charged. Globally, there are over 1.2 Billion Gas and Electric cars driving on the roads today, with over 600,000 electric cars last year.

🚘 Model X Proposed Order formulated on Tesla’s Design Center showing options selected.

🚘 Model S Range Per Charge chart shows four Model S configurations showing the (Milage) Range for a fully charged Model S, that you’d anticipate depending on the Battery Size of 70 kWh or the 90 kWh, and Motor D configuration (2-wheel drive or 4-wheel drive) selections. Notice, Ambient Temperature was turned up to 90ÂșF, Average driving speed was set at 45mph, and the A/C On, using 19″ wheels.

🚘 Tesla Model S 90D Achieves over 400 Mile Range on One Charge, is very impressive, as no other Electric Car has even half this Range. [443 Mile Range with A/C off, 392 Mile Range with A/C on, average driving speed 45mph]. Tesla says, each year, their engineers expect its LiON Battery Technologies will improve kWh Capacity and Range by around 5%-to-10% per Year, due to engineering efficiencies and improvements of the LiON cell structure and chemistry. These individual LiON-Cells are quite important; The 90 kWh LiON battery contains 7104 cells housed within 16 modules, containing 444 cells in each module. [Each Module delivers 25v DC at 225 Amps. The Math: 16 Modules at 25v DC equals 400 vDC at 225Amps, which equals 90kWh of Power.] Tesla’s Lithium Battery pack containing a “bazillion small cells” [well 7104 cells] was probably my biggest surprise.

🔋 TESLA has been thinking about these topics that only great automotive engineers consider regarding Fuel (electric or gas) Efficiency, the $Cost/Mile driven; however, lets keep it simple for now, by excluding these important items: Tire replacement, Drivers’ aggressive driving habits (hard acceleration, braking, hard turns), the engine, drivetrain, fuel-grade, etc. Let’s exclude all the items above, and read on.

🚘 The following items, are very important “external factors” engineers are very interested in, that effect (Milage) $Cost/Mile efficiency: (1) Wind Resistance on the Car’s external surfaces (Coefficient of Aerodynamic Drag), overall-shape, front-grill, door-handles, antennas, windshield-wipers (2) Tire Friction, the interaction of the tires on the paved streets, camber, caster, alignment and (3) the Wheel-Bearings. All these factors require [more] energy to overcome their effect on Car’s performance.

🚘 Considering all these Internal and External Engineering Factors, TESLA has designed a precision 4-door sedan using electric propulsion… winning awards from the entire automotive industry globally, combined with over 80,000 pleased Tesla Model S owners. Elon Musk while on-stage said, the gross margins on the Model S sales, helped to finance the development their new Model 3 Car unveiled April 1 at midnight. While on stage, Musk thanked the audience for buying the Model S… or else the “Model 3 would not be here this evening…” The Model 3 being Tesla’s answer for a truly “affordable electric car” priced at $35,000 for the mainstream.

🚘 Currently, Tesla Motors builds their Model S and Model X to the specifications defined by each Buyer as they order their Custom TESLAs. Currently the Tesla production-line is delivering over 4,100 Tesla cars per month, a bit over 50,000 cars/year during 2015. Next year Model S production is planned to ramp-up to 100,000 cars/year. In 2018 Tesla will begin ramping-up their new Model 3 affordable, $35,000 car for the masses, in effort to satisfy some portion of the 325,000 reservations it received within a week of the Model-3 REVEAL on 4/1/16.

🚘 That said, let’s build our Model S Car with a good selection of features, as Tesla decided that they are building each Car for each Buyer, “Build-to-Order” plan, not the reverse. Many other car manufacturers produce cars with company designed options, filling Car Lots with large inventories of Cars they Hope the folks will desire.

🚘 First Step is to decide about the 70 kWh Battery or the 90 kWh Battery. The larger 90 kWh battery pack will provide more power and greater Range (miles) per Full Charge. In gasoline terms, do we want a Larger “Fuel Tank” or a smaller one. Since Electric Vehicles are charged in one’s residential garage, and when on the highways, the number of Tesla SuperChargers, it’s charger infrastructures of 615 current Stations, is not fully developed; therefore we’d recommend the Longest-Range battery available, to mitigate the issue of fewer Fast-Fueling (Charger) locations.

🚘 Several years from now, having the Largest Battery [largest fuel tank] may be not as important a consideration, as it is today. Therefore, lets select the 90 kWh Battery. Next, do we recommend 2-wheel drive or 4-wheel drive. With the Model S there are several combinations of choices, for battery size and 2-Wheel or All-Wheel drive. The 90D gives an excellent balance of Range, Power, and 4-Wheel drive.

🚘 TESLA’s Model S 90D All-Wheel drive is Recommended as displayed above. If one desired greater performance, then the P90D could have been selected for a $20,000 premium. The Model S 90D selection is provides an excellent balance of power and range with a base price of $89,000. Let’s recommend this model.

🚘 Next, let’s select the exterior Paint Color, Interior treatments, Panoramic Roof and Wheels. Let’s pick fire engine RED for the Car’s exterior color, a $1500 extra, the panoramic all glass roof for $1500, Next Gen Leather for $2500, standard wheels, Dark Ash wood interior treatment, and the Black Headliner. This brings the Model S price to $98,000 which includes the $3000 Premium interior package shown below.

🚘 TESLA’s Model S: An Important Option to consider is their High Amp Charger package, also known as the Dual-Charger package for $1500. This electronics package is [simply] a more powerful AC-to-DC [internal, under the hood] Converter. If you do not have this High Amp package, you will be trapped at an annoyingly “Very Slow Fill Rate” particularly, when you’re in a hurry during the day. [My guess Tesla will eventually include this as “Standard” equipment.]

🚘 Think about the number of times you’re Driving around town on ÂŒTank. This High Amp Kit permits the Car to be Charged at TWICE the RPH rate (range per hour) with a Public Charger, or your Garage. (in Technical terms for your electrician, the Power requirements: a 100Amp, 240v AC dedicated circuit.) When you Plug into this high power circuit, it permits a FAST-Charge Rate of 60 miles of Range Per Hour, or 60 minutes of Charging, this is RPH. Therefore, plugging-in over night, with 3 hours of charging we’d add 180 miles of driving Range. With the 90 kWh battery, in 3-5 hours we’d get a complete Fill-Up of power for the next days’ driving. This is important, BUT more importantly, is “Filling” your TESLA at a Curb-side Public Charger for 20 miles of Range with only 20 minutes of charging. [We are now at $99,500 for this Car, but we’re not quite done. There are several other Options to consider.]

🚘 TESLA’s Model S AutoPilot Convenience Feature. This package is an on-board Software package installed onto the Car’s Computer System. The Hardware is already included with all Tesla cars. AutoPilot operates by assisting the Driver to stay in-Lane on highways, assists in changing lanes by using its 360Âș array of sensors to guide the Car when you want to change lanes, it also checks for any cars in front or you, plus left & right sides, making sure there is ample and safe distance from the car in front, and adjusting speed up-or-down, to maintain a safe margins. This system also provides for automated Parallel Parking. Tesla as been improving the Tesla onboard computer, presently up to software upgrade 7.1. Tesla will improve and upgrade the Car’s software from time to time [at 3am] when your sleeping… adding new and improved capabilities.

🚘 Tesla is committed to new innovations for its “AutoPilot” program, adding features, to enhance the Driver experience, for Public safety, plus Driver safety and convenience. Elon Musk says Tesla’s GOAL is to have their Tesla AutoPilot function as a true Autonomous-Driving experience, once fully tested and obtains Government DOT approval, said to be “achieved in several years, less than 5.” My thoughts, if we’re buying a $100k+ car, let’s spend another 2.5% and get this amazing driver-assist. Let’s include this $2500 option. [Our next article may be only about Tesla’s AutoPilot, it’s that exciting.]

🚘 TESLA’s Model S Ultra High Fidelity Sound System. Yes, let’s recommend incredible Sound for a very special Ultra-Quite Car. This system redefines the automotive audio experience, but is more than a bigger amplifier and more speakers. This is a $2500 option likely worth the added expense; having driven the Model S several months ago, the sound system gives the impression that you’ve entered a “Recording Studio Sound Stage.” Pure, Clean, Detailed, Undistorted, Sound, surrounding You and your Passengers, which otherwise is totally quite with No engine noise nor noticeable road-roar, even when driving at expressway speeds. [We are now up to a $104,500 Model S package. Almost done with Options to consider.]

🚘 TESLA’s Model S: Air Suspension is Very Smart. This package permits the Car to be intelligently elevated [further] above street grade, to handle steep driveways or undulating roads, where having greater ground-clearance is safe and beneficial. The onboard Computer system remembers where the driver made this onScreen manual elevation-adjustment; When you drive to this same GPS position, the Car will elevate automatically. When you arrive at your driveway or a restaurant, or where Passengers are unloading, the Driver can manually increase the elevation of the Car, making for an improved exit-experience for yourself, your passengers, and their baggage. We have now completed the Option-package recommendations; the Model S is priced at $108,200 including Tesla’s $1200 delivery charge and documentation costs.

🚘 TESLA’s Model S final configuration including all the chosen options are displayed in the graphic below. Recall, Tesla has chosen the Customize your Car, “Build-to-Order” business model. Our Car with the options we desire are ordered with a $2500 refundable deposit; Once your Build-to-Order Custom Car enters the Production Line your $2500 deposit, becomes non-refundable. [Buyers are notified (warned) prior to their deposit going “hard”.] Your car should be ready for delivery in about 6 weeks based on Tesla’s current back-log of orders to be filled, or thereafter if we chose a later delivery date, giving consideration for Tesla’s then Production delay.

🚘 TESLA’s Model S: Final Configuration with Recommended Options, earns an EPA rating of 99 eMPG, the “electric” equivalency of MPG. When charging the Model S with an electric-utility cost of 12Âą/kWh, our Fuel-Cost in miles driven is 3.95Âą/mile, therefore for 15,000 miles driven, the EPA has determined the Annual Cost is $690. According to the EPA in five years the total cost savings is $9,600 as compared to an equivalent Gasoline Powered car. [There is extensive testing performed by the EPA with factory interaction to establish fair EPA Disclosure stickers.]

🚘 In Sum, assuming the Federal Government continues its $7,500 Tax Incentive, combined with the $9,600 five year savings in fuel cost, we’d experience an Overall Savings of $17,100 in Five Years and if she retained the Car for 8 years, we’d save another $5,760 for 3 more years, reaching the 8-year warranty expiration. Our new Tesla Model S car’s cost is $108,200 delivered, (less $17,100 and $5,760) Savings Total of $22,860 for a Model S net cost $85,340 which had an 8 Year [unlimited milage] Battery warranty, and 8 years on the Motor and Drive unit.

Tesla Model X Purchase Summary with Options is consistent with the Model S choices outlined above. Apparently, the four items below, are Options at an extra [$6500] cost for the Model S, however, for Model X these same items are “Standard” and “included” in the base price of the Car: (A) All Glass Panoramic Roof [$1500] (B) 20″ Premium Wheels [$2500] (C) Black Alcantara Headliner (D) Smart Suspension [$2500]. If visiting http://www.Tesla.com in their Design Studio for the Model X, there are selections for added Seating for up to 7 passengers, otherwise the Model X seats 5 comfortably.

Compare Tesla Model S with Model X Physical Specifications. When examining the specifications of these two Cars, the Model X external Car Body is longer in length and wider in width; Either Car Body is attached to the exact same Wheel Base Frame. Without getting into the weeds, both Cars have the exact same wheel-base, front wheel tracking, and rear wheel tracking. However, there are nine important differences worth mentioning listed below

1⃣ Model X Curb Weight is 5,271 Pounds, Heavier by 624 pounds, surprisingly
2⃣ Model X Length, overall is 16’6″, Longer by about 2.3″
3⃣ Model X Width, overall, Mirrors folded is 7’5″, Wider by about 4.2″
4⃣ Model X Ground Clearance is 7.55″, Higher Above-Ground by 1.9″
5⃣ Model X Shoulder Room is 60.7″, Wider by 3.0″, noticeable by Big folks
6⃣ Model X Leg Room Average is 39.8″, Longer by 0.4″, no one will notice
7⃣ Model X Head Room is 41.7″, Higher by 2.9″, noticeable by Tall folks
8⃣ Model X Hip Room Rear Seats is 59.0″, Wider by 4.3″, noticeable by Big folks
9⃣ Model X Cargo Room is 77 cu.ft., Larger by 46 cu.ft. due to Hatchback design

🔋 High-Power DC Charger Stations are the future of Electric Vehicles adoption by the masses. This is the Main reason Tesla is building a huge infrastructure of SuperCharger Stations. The drive-in charger lanes deliver 120 kWh of DC directly into Tesla Cars, where you can add 170 miles of Range in 30 minutes, or 100 miles of Range in 20 minutes, etc. Cost and over-heating issues, limit the power levels an EV Car’s internal rectifier-circuit can handle in the vehicle. Therefore, for power requirements over 240vAC at 80 Amps (19.2 kWh), external charging station are more efficient delivering DC power directly into the vehicle’s LiON battery. Combine these factors with the EV industry’s desire to “Refill EV Cars quickly…”

Visit Tesla’s Charging Calculator, to change Energy cost or another parameter. (All samples displayed are set for $0.12/kWh the US average for Electricity) This Link contains the Charging Calculator, then scroll-Down to the Calculator. https://www.teslamotors.com/models-charging#/calculator.

Charging Examples displayed below Demonstrate a Residential Garage setup, using a 100A, 240v AC dedicated circuit, for charging all Tesla Models that contain the $1500 optional High Amperage Charger. This setup in the Car and in the Garage, delivers 19.2 kWh of Power into the Car’s High Amperage Charger which converts the high power AC to DC to energize the massive 1200 pound Tesla Battery pack.




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🚘 TESLA’s Model S 🔘 Gets a Face-Lift 🔘 Larger LiON Batteries Coming Soon đŸš˜

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🔘 TESLA’s Model S, first arrived on the market 4 years ago in June, 2012, when the first Model S rolled off the production line. Four years later on May 1, 2016 the New and Improved Model S Cars are rolling off the production line at a pace of 1000 Cars/Week. The most noticeable change is with the front “Nose Grill” area, the nose-cone.

🔘 Cosmetics was the primary reason Tesla used a “Front Grill-like” feature in its initial design of the Model S. The nose-grill is non-functional, and was chosen to retain the “look” of traditional Cars. Since there’s no gasoline-combustion engine, and therefor no heat created, and no radiator to dissipate the heat that doesn’t exist… a front Grill to admit air for a radiator is not the function; the front Grill is strictly cosmetic.

🔘 TESLA’s Mission is to Deliver an Electric Car that “looks like” what everyone expects a Car to look like; and to have their Electric Car perform, as everyone expects a “traditional car to perform”… even though it’s Electric.

🔘 The Model S concepts are driving forces since 2010, and presently remain a major focus for TESLA. Tesla’s ultimate goal is to deliver affordable Electric Cars for the Mainstream, the Model 3 being Tesla’s first entry into the affordable car for the masses category.

🔘 TESLA’s all Electric Roadster and Model S proved that an Electric Car can be aesthetically attractive with superior performance. The Model S nose-Grill does not pass ambient-air through, to an Air-Over-Radiator as with Gasoline Engine powered cars. TESLA’s nose-Grill design was strictly cosmetic, as folks expected to see a Grill.

🔘 Currently, 80,000 Model S Cars have been purchased in the US, for a total of 110,000 Model S deliveries globally. Tesla believes with over $10 Billion in Sales Deliveries of their electric Cars, the non-functional cosmetic grill, may now be replaced with an aerodynamically efficient nosecone. The new “nose” design is currently used in Model X cars, and is planned for Model 3 cars, starting production in late 2017.

🔘 The Nose-Grill displayed in the May, 2016 Model S is Aerodynamically Superior, to the 2012 Grill, due to its carefully engineering, wind-tunnel tested shape; The 2012 nose-grill was non-functional, with unfavorable aerodynamics; but it was “worth it” to have their electric Cars accepted by the Market, in the face of decades of “Traditional Cars.” Model S new nosecone is the same precision-design wind-tunnel tested nosecone, used for Model X and Model 3.

🔘 Model 3 Received 400,000 Reservation Deposit Checks, talk about Market Acceptance. The Model 3 is Tesla’s new, affordable $35,000 electric car, with over 400k reservations with $1000 deposits.

🔘 Imagine this, Tesla has received $400,000,000 in Cash deposits for Model 3, with customers hoping to receive the Model 3, ASAP; however no sooner than “Late, 2017” according to Tesla Motors.

🔘 The Model S facelift brings TESLA’s design “up to speed” aerodynamically, with the Model X and the upcoming Model 3 sedan. The revised front-fascia swaps-out the large faux-grille, in favor of a thin top-strip across the front with a centered bold T Logo. Changing the nose-cone on the Model S is aerodynamically-functional, having significantly reduced the “Wind Resistance” of the Car, thereby increased the overall Milage Range by more than 10%.

🔘 The Improved Model S has been fitted with New Head Lights that are powered with high-power LEDs, including 14 three-position dynamic turning lights to improve visibility with evening turns and winding roads.

🔘 Tesla Engineers have added a new HEPA air filtration system, removing 99.97% of all particulate exhaust pollution, allergens, bacteria, and other airborne contaminants. Like the Model X, this Air Filtration system features a “Bioweapon Defense Mode” that maintains positive pressure inside the cabin, to prevent toxic gasses from entering the Car’s cabin.

🔘 Tesla Designers have added several cosmetic improvements in the Cabin, adding a few new wood trim options. Buyers can also select an Option for heating or cooling Forced-Air ventilation of the front seats, a similar HVAC system employed in Tesla’s Model X. For example, on a Hot Afternoon in South Florida, the interior seating becomes very hot, upwards of 150ÂșF.

🔘 Tesla offers an AirConditioned Front Seats Option, that delivers Cool, Dry, Forced-Air Circulation inside the perforated seat-cushions, creating a cool, dry seat, rather than a scorching hot seat, particularly if you fit the Car with Black Leather. Seat-cushion air circulation is very comfortable at all times. However, particularly comfortable during long commutes and road-trips.

🔘 Tesla’s iPhone APP – when launched your iPhone becomes a Remote Control for your Model S Car. Using the App you can start the Car’s Air Conditioning System, while you are finishing getting dressed in the morning, or awaiting your arrival from your Meeting, Luncheon, or Shopping. From your iPhone or Apple Watch, you are able to see the internal temperature of the Car, verify that it’s properly Locked, check your Fuel Range, and Turn-On the Air Conditioning, preparing the Car for your arrival to it.

🔘 Model S will likely be paired with a 120 kWh High-Capacity LiON Battery delivering a Range of 400 Miles that will eventually replace the battery pack presently offered. We previously reported that Tesla and Panasonic have designed a slightly larger LiON battery cell [2mm bigger in diameter, 5mm taller] that delivers 33% greater Power with no increase in the cost to product the Lion cells. Implementation of this new LiON 20700 cell may be the effect of assembling a 120 kWh LiON battery pack. Presently Customers have the choice of TESLA’s 70 kWh LiOn battery pack, and the 90 kWh LiON Battery pack, paired with either a single-rear-motor, 2-Wheel Drive system, or paired with Front-Wheel motor plus Rear-Wheel motor, for their AWD package.

🔘 Folks require more than a 300 mile range in an Electric Car. Tesla need to deliver a 400 Mile Range Battery pack, principally because at current Charging Rates, a 5-Minute “electric” Fill-Up delivers 28 Miles Range added to the LiON Battery, at Best. We understand that Tesla SuperCharger Stations will increase to a Power of 150 kWh [from 120 kWh]. This 25% increase that may deliver 35 Miles per 5 Minute charge, or 100 Mile Range in 15 Minutes, or over 200 Mile Range in 30 minutes.

🔘 There are 168,000 Gas Stations, and 40,000 Electric Fueling Spots in the US. Electric Car drivers need and want greater Range per Full Charge, per Fill-up. Recall, When a Gasoline Engine powered Car pulls into a Gas Station, within 5-Minutes, they receive 15 Gallons of Gas, which provides 330 Miles of range, as established by the EPA standards of 22MPG, with a 15 gallon fuel-tank.

🔘 Tesla needs a 120 kWh 400 Mile Range LiON Battery for the Model S, X, and Model 3 Cars. A 120 kWh Battery’s 400 mile Range, in traditional Gas-Tank equivalency, of an 18.2 Gallon Gas Tank, in a car that achieves 22MPG. Hopefully the Chargers and Battery Chemistry, will permit more Power to enter the LiOn Battery in Less Time.

🔘 For Electric Car Fill-ups, a 5-Minute Electric Fill-up, an Electric Car receives only 28 Miles of Range, at any of the 630 Tesla SuperCharger Stations, the most powerful [120 kWh chargers] in the US. The 2nd best Electric Charger “in the wild” delivers 16 mile Range for a 5 minute charge, and there are not too many of these ChargePoint 200 RPH chargers. The Model S onboard charging system has been upgraded to accept 48 Amp Service, a 20% increase over the previous specs.

🔘 Space X Mission Successfully Lands CRS-8 First Stage Rocket on a Drone-Ship situated in the Atlantic Ocean, April, 2016. http://youtu.be/sYmQQn_ZSys

🔘 SPACE X Mission April 8, 2016, 30 minute narrated clip behind the line showing the Mission, an the background stories. Well worth your time. As you are watching this clip, as the 1st stage Rocket Lands on the Drone-Ship, floating out there, in the Atlantic Ocean, you’ll be standing and cheering with everyone else… http://youtu.be/7pUAydjne5M

🚘 Compare Tesla Model S and Model X all Electric Cars. From a Non-Car-Guy point of view, we discuss in reasonable detail [not-too-technical] a few of the commonly used electric-car terms; We need to think and understand this new “language.”

🚘 Tesla Cars Viewed from a Buyer Perspective, selecting the Options for the Model S or Model X makes significant changes to the Comfort and Safety of the Driver & Passengers, plus the Car’s Agility, Power, and Performance. In this article we Compare two highly rated Tesla electric Cars.

🚘 Permit me to bring you “up to speed” on some of the ingredients that make the Tesla Electric Cars “tick.” Remember, it’s All about the Cells, LiON Cells. Thousands of Cells in all Model X and Model S Cars.

🚘 Look at this Single Lithium-Ion Cell in hand. The LiON Cell is truly the Magical Ingredient that energizes Tesla Model S and Model X Cars. Thousands of these Cells [literally 7,104 Cells] all lined up in a special arrangement, with 444 cells housed in each Module, where all 16 modules are connected together to deliver 400v DC at 225 Amps, yielding a 90 kWh Battery weighing 1,200 pounds.

🚘 Tesla’s GigaFactory, 100 Electric Ave, Sparks, Nevada. Tesla’s Lithium-Ion Battery factory [over 3 million sq.ft, on 1.5 sq. miles land] will produce more Lithium Cells than the entire World’s 2015 production. The Gigafactory’s initial production capacity is targeted at 35 Million kWh per Year, enough Lithium Cells to power 400,000 Tesla Cars/yr, [that’s 2.75 Billion Cells, LiON Cells/year or 7.64 Million Cells/day].

🚘 Tesla’s new GigaFactory is an 80 Acre Building Under Roof. Tesla’s battery partner [Panasonic] will be manufacturing their new co-designed LiOn Cell [the 20700 Cell] rendering it +133% more powerful. When Tesla’s Production Line [for Model X, Model S, Model 3 Cars] delivers 12,000 Cars per month, Tesla’s Gigafactory will be Producing 2.8 Million LiON Cells every Day, for the Car’s Batteries; This is just the “startup” quantity before Tesla Ramps-Up production [add the Model 3 Car in 2018] in Tesla’s new 3.5 million sq.ft. facility, the first phase of 10 Million sq.ft.

🚘 It’s Really All about the LiON Cells. Look at the picture of the 18650 Lithium-Ion Cell standing upright next to a traditional Double-AA battery on my iPad Pro’s keyboard. The LiON Cell [39gm] is over twice the physical size and weight of the AA battery [16gm]. Notice 5000 mAh capacity, equals 5.0 Ah at 3.7v DC. [Watts = A x V] or 5×3.7 = 18.5 Watt/Hr. Let’s divide it by 1000, to convert 18.5 Watts into kiloWatts. 18.5/1000 = 0.0185 kWh.

🚘 We Converted 18.5 Watts of storage into kWh [0.0185 kWh] the same units as in the 90 kWh Battery Pack. We know there are 7,104 LiON Cells in TESLA’s battery pack. Each individual LiON Cell can store 0.0185 kWh of power… seems like an itty-bitty amount of Power.

🚘 Cells are TESLA’s MAGIC. All these LiOn Cells are like a Miniature “Army” of Cells. A single “Army-Man’s” power, may not be impressive, with only 0.0184 kWh of muscle; BUT, let’s multiply our Army-Man, and bring in 7104 Army-Men; Now we have several Brigades, a “Powerful Force” of 7104 Men… 7104 Cells… Therefor, let’s take the single Cell’s modest Power of 0.0185 kWh, times 7,104. [0.0185 x 7104 = 131.4 kWh]

🚘 This is a Storage Pack with 131.4 kWh Power. OMG, that’s Huge. If these LiON Cells were all lined up in Tesla’s special arrangement for their TESLA Battery Pack, they’d have an amazing 130 kWh Battery, that’s 144% greater capacity than their present 90 kWh Battery, which would likely be an EPA rating of 400 Miles Range, rather than 275 EPA miles, for the present day 90 kWh Battery. See how much fun we’re having…

🚘 After All, it’s really all about the Cells, currently the 18650 LiOn Cell, is 18mm in diameter by 65mm tall. Battery Engineers say by increasing the Cell’s Diameter marginally by 2mm to 20mm, and increasing the cell’s Height from 65mm to 70mm, the new Cell, the LiON 20700 Cell will actually deliver 133% of the Power than its smaller brother, at the Same Cost per Cell.

🚘 Delivery of the 20700 LiON Cell may be the “Birth” of Tesla’s new 120 kWh Battery, with a Range over 400 Miles. This is a Huge development. Personally, having over 350 EPA certified miles is the Range folks need to see. Anything significantly less in Range [in my opinion] would be considered a “Commuter Car.”

🚘 Today is Racing in Fast Forward to the Future, as Electric Cars Charge on to the Mainstream However, too many folks remain pulled back with decades of prejudices and familiarity: “Pistons, Tanks, Gas, Rods, Gallons, Liters, Fumes, Plugs, V8’s, Octane, Unleaded…” Today, Electric Cars are becoming more popular partly because of the “GREEN” effect, plus some folks see Fuel Cost savings beneficial in the longer view.

🚘 Gas Prices at $2.75/Gallon currently, Equals 12±/Mile, [assume the EPA 22 MPG] the cost the average Gas Guzzler is about 12±/Mile. This fuel cost/mile is Three Times the cost of the Tesla Models S or X, electric utility charge of 4±/Mile. [electricity cost 12±/kW]

🚘 It takes Courage to be GREEN with Cars. One must have lots of Courage to be an “Electric Car Pioneer” knowing that: (A) Electric Car manufacturers do not have decades of experiences or durability stats, (B) Electric Charger-Stations are “few and far between” literally, (C) the Time required for an electric Fill-Up.

🚘 Gas Staton Fill-Ups: For an EPA standard 15 gallon Fill-Up, traditional Gas Stations [currently there are 168,000 US Gas Stations] that require about 5-Minutes in Fueling Time, giving your car 330 miles of Range, with an EPA standard of 22MPG, renders a cost of 12±/Mile, at $2.65/Gallon. With Electric-Car charging at most of the 40,000 charging-stations that currently exist in the US, the same 5-Minutes Fueling Time, gives your Electric Car 2.5 miles of Range. At DC FAST Express Commercial and Public Charging (19.2 kWr) Stations, a 5 minute charge gives your electric Car about 5 miles of Range. Fortunately, many EV Car Drivers have a Charger Connection at their residence garage, for every night fill-ups.

🚘 Your Garage becomes your Fuel Service Station, as you can Plug-In your Tesla using a 19.2 kWh Super Charger Kit, for an Over Night Fill Up, every Night. Although, the charging rate is roughly 60 RPH, [60 miles of Range per Hour of Charging], If you have a 360 Mile Battery, plugging in overnight, in 6 hours you are FULL of electric power. Although, the Public Charging Stations are time consuming for even a modest fill-up, your Garage Charger is very convenient for an every-Night topping-off your “Electric Fuel Tank.”

🚘 For Electric Cars to become truly Mainstream, These Issues Must be resolved

(A) Battery Range of 350 Miles
– Affordable Battery Technology, to render energy storage at a reasonable cost, giving 350+ Miles Range. With a bazillion Gas Stations in the US, [actually 168,000] gas driven cars receive a 330 mile range with a 5-minute Fill-Up time
(B) Range per 5 Minute Fill-Up. Charging Stations will have to Deliver significantly more Range than 5 Miles with a 5 Minute Charge
(C) DC-FAST chargers by ChargePoint are currently the fastest commercial chargers giving a Rate of 200 RPH which equals 15 Miles Range for a 5 Minute charge using the CHAdeMO plug.

🚘 TESLA is getting FASTER with Charging Speed, as their Super-Charger Stations Deliver a 30 mile Range in 5-minutes, 115 Miles of Range in 20 Minutes, or 170 Miles in 30 Minutes, Electric Charging gives 5 Miles of Range per Minute … This charging-rate although FAST for electric charging points, is still relatively slow, compared to the Time folks are used to at Gas Stations, giving 60 miles of Range per Minute. Tesla’s Super-Charger Stations are proprietary for Tesla Cars Only, as Tesla is providing its Power at No Cost to Tesla Drivers.

🔮 Below are YouTube Video-Clips Links that you may be interested in viewing. Having reviewed dozens of videos, these have been picked, showing (A) A Video, narrated, takes you into the assembly-line of the Model S at their factory in Fremont, California (B) Tesla associate Delivering a Tesla Model S to a customer; taking a new Tesla owner through the setup of the features for the Model S. TESLA’s delivery-training is worth your time (C) the next 2 video-clips demonstrate the Tesla AutoPilot in action on freeways, first with the Model X, the second is with the Model S car.

đŸ”” These Clips have been placed between two distinctive images, so you can return here, at a later time, after you’ve read the article.

🔮 Tesla Factory is Automated with Robotics; this interesting, narrated YouTube video-clip gives a closeup view of the assembly of some key components such as the unique Tesla Motor, Gear Box, and Dashboard electronics: https://goo.gl/5wu3sW

🔮 Tesla Factory Delivery of Your New Model S All Tesla Cars are build-to-order. In a few weeks you car will be ready for delivery to you. This YouTube narrated video-clip shows a Tesla Delivery to a Customer: https://goo.gl/cpHnYt

🔮 Tesla Drivers demonstrate the Model X and the Model S AutoPilot with Software version 7.0 These narrated demonstrations of the Autopilot shows the hands-free operation of the Tesla Autopilot controlling the car on Expressways at 70+mph, quite amazing:
https://goo.gl/Tj3wGr
https://goo.gl/YxQyNa

🔮 A Tesla Driver demonstrates the Apple Watch monitoring the status of the Model S and some of the Controlling capability of the Model-S Car. https://goo.gl/72smx0

🚘 Tesla provides a Free APP for iPhones and Apple Watch where Drivers may Plug-In at the Charging station, Start the Charge cycle, Lock the Car, then go into a Coffee shop or Retail Center. Then Remotely, Drivers can Open the Tesla APP on your iPhone and on your Apple Watch, which Logs-In to your Tesla Car’s Computer, to do lots of tasks
(A) Look at the Status of your Car: Locked, Unlocked, Interior Temperature, Range in Miles
(B) You can Honk your Horn, Flash the Car’s Lights to help you find the car in a large parking lot, or a dark street, Start the A/C system to Cool-Down your Car, so it’s ready for you at a Comfortable temperature, or heat the car in the Winter season
(C) Look at the Charging-progress of your Car, see the Miles Range as your Battery is charging, you’d then know when it’s time to return to your Tesla Car
(D) All of these actions can be performed from your iPhone and your Apple Watch.

🚘 Tesla Promises Free Super-Charges Forever. Free charging as assured by Elon Musk helps to mitigate the limited Network of Stations, and the relatively slow Charge-time [compared to Gas-Fill-Ups]. Tesla’s SuperCharger Stations are Super-Fast [compared to all other Commercial and Public charger stations] but are relatively slow compared to Gasoline Car fill-ups. Hopefully new Battery technologies will permit significantly Faster Charge Times. It is believed that LiON Battery technology is one of the major factors limiting Charge-Time.

🚘 Tesla SuperCharger stations require 20-30 Minutes to obtain a reasonable 100-175 Mile Range added to their Battery “Fuel Tanks.” To mitigate this “time issue” Tesla locates their Stations near Destinations where the Driver may be encouraged to visit, like Coffee Shops, Malls, Retail Shopping Centers.

🚘 Good News: The Public, Federal & State Governments, and Technology Enterprises are Focusing on GREEN Personal Transportation Solutions. For Traditional Cars: We need to arrest (an increasing portion of) the Toxic-Fumes spewing into the atmosphere, Electric Vehicles (EVs) are an answer; The EV Revolution has many of us digesting a new vocabulary: Lithium Ion batteries, Cells, 90 kWh, 70 kWh, LiON Cells, is Bigger Better, How Big is enough, Charger-Stations, Amps, Watts, Volts, Bolts, AC, DC not CD, RPH not MPH… EV’s have NO sign of Toxic Fumes, there’s no Gas-burning, nor tail-pipe Exhaust…

🚘 Compare Model X & Model S: Reviewing Tesla’s web site is a good experience; the web-site is well designed and full of attractive, informative dialogs and graphics. Our effort, is to provide the back-story, analysis, and related information on the topic of Electric Cars, from the point of view of a “Non-CAR-Guy.” After all, we want to know more about electric cars; we need to know What’s Watt.

🚘 Model S – Performance and Safety Refined – Model S is designed from the ground up to be the safest, most exhilarating sedan on the road; Having driven the Model S recently, Exhilarating is an Understatement. With unparalleled performance delivered through Tesla’s unique, all-electric powertrain, Model S accelerates from 0 to 60 mph in as little as 2.8 seconds with its optional “Ludicrous Performance Mode.” Model S comes with true Autopilot capabilities designed to assist the highway driving experience, making it safer and stress free.

🚘 Adaptive Headlight Lighting – Model S features full LED adaptive headlights. Besides enhancing the already great styling, adaptive headlights also boost safety. With 14 three-position LED dynamic turning-lights improve visibility at night, especially on winding roads.

🚘 HEPA Medical Grade Air Filter – Model S now features a Medical grade HEPA air filtration system, which removes 99.97% of particulate exhaust pollution and effectively all allergens, bacteria, and other contaminants from the Cabin Atmosphere. Tesla has a “Bioweapon Defense” mode that creates a Positive Pressure inside the Cabin to protect occupants from any poisonous gasses from entering the Car. Not that we are expecting an attack, but, every day we can be following a Tractor Trailer that is spewing Clouds of Black Soot and Toxic Fumes… this screen activated mode, protects everyone in the Car from being “gassed” by every-day driving hazards.

🚘 Autopilot – Tesla’s Autopilot performs the following comprehensive tasks (A) assists Model S with steering, by keeping the Car within your Lane, (B) Change lanes with the simple tap of a turn signal (C) Manages Speed by using active, traffic-aware cruise control assuring safe following distance from the Car ahead (D) Digitally controls the motors, brakes, and steering mechanisms, to help avoid collisions from either Frontally and Sides (E) Prevents the car from wandering off the road, as often occurs when a sleepy driver dozes.

🚘 Tesla AutoPilot also enables your car to Scan for an adequate Parking Space, and will Parallel Park on the Driver’s command. Tesla’s Summon, is a new feature that permits the Driver to “Call your Car” using your iPhone. When the Driver Summon’s their Car, the AutoPilot controls the car where it self-drives your empty Car, to meet you at your Front Door, all systems on GO. Tesla’s Autopilot features are progressively enabled over time with periodic software updates. The latest software update 7.0 added the “Summon” feature mentioned above.

🚘 Automatic Steering with Traffic Aware Cruise Control – Active sensors combined with GPS and high resolution digital maps comprise a mutually reinforcing system that pilots Model S along the highway, staying within your lane, even in stop and go traffic.

🚘 AutoPilot with Real-Time Learning – RealTime automated feedback from Tesla’s fleet of over 100,000 of Model S and X Cars. Think about it. All Tesla Car’s onboard Computers are periodically reporting to the “Mother Ship” information about the accuracy of its AutoPilot functions and Driver Assist features.

🚘 AutoPilot – If the Tesla Computer is driving “off course” where the Driver intercedes with a “course correction” the Car’s onBoard Computer makes note of these “autonomous driving errors” and transmits each occurrence to Tesla’s home office. All these course corrections and adjustments from all over the world, from Tesla’s Fleet of over 100,000 cars are assimilated. Software engineers will augment the navigation program accordingly, to ensure these systems are continually Learning and Improving upon itself. Tesla transmits a “Smarter, Trained, AutoPilot” into your Model S, Model X, Model 3 Computer system, periodically.

🚘 Dual Motor Model S is a categorical improvement on conventional all-wheel drive systems. With two motors, one in the front and one in the rear, Model S digitally and independently controls torque to the front and rear wheels. The result is unparalleled traction control in all road and climate conditions.

🚘 Model S, it’s two Motors are lighter, smaller, and more efficient than the Gasoline Car counterparts, providing both improved Range and faster Acceleration. In contrast, conventional all-wheel drive cars employ complex mechanical linkages and transaxles to distribute power from a single engine to all four wheels. This sacrifices energy efficiency in favor of all-weather traction.

🚘 Model S Performance comes standard with All-Wheel Drive Dual Motors, pairing the high performance rear motor with a high efficiency front motor to achieve “SuperCar” acceleration, from zero to 60 miles per hour in 2.8 seconds.

🚘 Model S is Built around the Driver – Model S is a Car-Driver’s car. The cabin combines meticulous noise-abatement engineering with Tesla’s uniquely quiet powertrain to obtain the Sound Dynamics of a Recording Studio. Having recently driven the Model S, one of the most stunning observations Driving the Model S is the “Total Silence” one experiences when putting on a Pair of BOSE noise-cancelling Headphones.

🚘 Touchscreen – The Model S is controlled an impressive 17″ touchscreen, is the interior centerpiece, high-resolution Display. The LCD display is angled toward the Driver and includes both day and night modes for better visibility without distraction. The Display puts rich and important content at the Driver’s fingertips providing mobile [cellular] connectivity. The Driver can easily find a destination, favorite song, or a new restaurant, PLUS the display controls most of the car’s functions. Opening the all glass panoramic roof, customizing the automatic climate control, setting the AutoPilot parameters, changing the radio station, all happen with a swipe or a touch. The touchscreen, digital instrument cluster, and steering wheel controls seamlessly integrate media, navigation, communications, cabin controls and vehicle data.

🚘 Model S is designed from the ground up to be the safest car on the road, according to Tesla. Much of its safety is owed to the unique electric drivetrain and the 1200 pound Battery pack that sits beneath the car’s aluminum occupant cell in its own subframe. This unique positioning substantially lowers the car’s center of gravity, which improves handling and minimizes rollover risk, and replaces the heavy engine block with impact absorbing boron steel rails.

🚘 Side impacts are met by aluminum pillars reinforced with steel rails to reduce intrusion, protecting occupants and the battery pack while improving roof stiffness. In the event of an accident, eight airbags protect front and rear occupants, and the 90 kWh Battery [a high-voltage 400v DC, 225 Amp array of LiOn Cells] is automatically disconnected.

🚘 Tesla Launch Event of for the Model X – Sept 29, 2015 by Tesla Motors – https://vimeo.com/140889963

🚘 According to Tesla Motors, the Model X is the safest, fastest and most capable sport utility vehicle in history. With all-wheel drive and a 90 kWh battery providing 257 miles of range [an EPA stat], Model X has ample seating for up to seven adults [with 3 seating options] and all of their gear. The Model X it’s ludicrously fast, accelerating from zero to 60 MPH in as quick as 3.2 seconds [with High Performance Option]. Model X is the no-compromise SUV.

🚘 Tesla states that it’s Model X is designed with safety as the first priority. The floor-mounted 1200 pound battery lowers the center of gravity so that the risk of rollover is “half the risk” any other SUV in its class. The battery structure strengthens Model X against side impact intrusions. Without a gasoline engine, the Model X’s large front trunk acts as a giant impact-absorbing crumple zone. Tesla’s own internally conducted crash testing indicates that Model X has the expectation, to be the first SUV to receive the highest safety rating in every category; although as of this writing, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has not yet conducted crash testing on the Model X.

🚘 Active Safety: Model X continually scans the surrounding roadway with cameras, radar and sonar systems, providing the driver with real-time feedback to help avoid collisions. Even at highway speeds, Model X is designed to automatically apply brakes in an emergency.

🚘 Falcon Wing doors allow easy access to second and third row seats from even a tight parking space, while traditional SUV doors or Minivan sliding doors would not grant any access.

🚘 With only a foot of clearance on either side, Falcon Wing doors articulate smoothly up and out of the way, allowing passengers to enter from both front and rear directions. The side and overhead opening is so large that parents can buckle children in without ducking or straining and without bumping their child’s head on the roof.

🚘 Aerodynamic, Model X is able to achieve 257 miles of range in part because it is the most aerodynamic SUV in production. With a Drag Coefficient of 0.24, Model X’s Wind Resistance is 20% lower than the next best SUV, better than most all other Cars period. In addition, an active spoiler deploys from the rear lift-gate optimizes highway efficiency and stability.

🚘 Big Sky Effect – Model X has the largest all glass panoramic windshield in production, providing an unparalleled view of the road, scenery, stars, and sky above. Optimized solar-tinting and obstruction-free view, creates unlimited visibility for the driver and all passengers.

🚘 Autopilot – Tesla’s Autopilot performs the following comprehensive tasks (A) assists Model S with steering, by keeping the Car within your Lane, (B) Change lanes with the simple tap of a turn signal (C) Manages Speed by using active, traffic-aware cruise control assuring safe following distance from the Car ahead (D) Digitally controls the motors, brakes, and steering mechanisms, to help avoid collisions from either Frontally and Sides (E) Prevents the car from wandering off the road, as often occurs when a sleepy driver dozes.

🚘 Tesla AutoPilot also enables your car to Scan for an adequate Parking Space, and will Parallel Park on the Driver’s command. Tesla’s Summon, is a new feature that permits the Driver to “Call your Car” using your iPhone. When the Driver Summon’s their Car, the AutoPilot controls the car where it self-drives your empty Car, to meet you at your Front Door, all systems on GO. Tesla’s Autopilot features are progressively enabled over time with periodic software updates. The latest software update 7.0 added the “Summon” feature mentioned above.

🚘 Automatic Steering with Traffic Aware Cruise Control – Active sensors combined with GPS and high resolution digital maps comprise a mutually reinforcing system that pilots Model S along the highway, staying within your lane, even in stop and go traffic.

🚘 AutoPilot with Real-Time Learning – RealTime automated feedback from Tesla’s fleet of over 100,000 of Model S and X Cars. Think about it. All Tesla Car’s onboard Computers are periodically reporting to the “Mother Ship” information about the accuracy of its AutoPilot functions and Driver Assist features.

🚘 AutoPilot – If the Tesla Computer is driving “off course” where the Driver intercedes with a “course correction” the Car’s onBoard Computer makes note of these “autonomous driving errors” and transmits each to Tesla’s home office. All these course corrections and adjustments from all over the world, from Tesla’s Fleet of over 100,000 cars are assimilated, to ensure these systems are continually Learning and Improving upon itself. Tesla transmits a “Smarter, Trained, AutoPilot” into your Model S, Model X, Model 3 Computer system, periodically.

🚘 Seating for Seven – Model X comfortably seats seven people in three rows: 2F, 3M, 2R. Every seat is the best seat in the house; however, the Middle Row of 3 seats are a work of art. Mounted on a single post and independently reclining, each second row seat is designed to maximize passenger comfort, legroom, under seat storage and access to the third row. The third row seats fold flat when not in use and the second row seats lean forward and out of the way for even more cargo area

🚘 Technology and Specifications
‱ Regular over-the-air updates add safety and navigation features, enhance performance and improve the driver experience
‱ Free Charge-ups at Tesla’s Supercharger network
‱ Maps and navigation with real-time traffic information
‱ Center console with a quick connect iPhone dock
‱ GPS enabled Homelink
‱ Electric All-Wheel Drive for max efficiency/traction
‱ Active safety technologies: side collision avoidance, automatic emergency braking
‱ Parking sensors and blind spot warning
‱ Full LED headlamps
‱ Power-folding, heated side mirrors
‱ Up to four LATCH child seat attachments
‱ Largest glass panoramic windshield in production, providing unparalleled views
‱ Falcon Wing doors allow access to 2nd, 3rd row seats
‱ Automatic keyless entry
‱ Automatic rear lift-gate opening
‱ Large interior storage capacity of 77 cubic feet
‱ Front trunk with room for luggage, strollers or golf bags
‱ Warranty is 8 years, infinite mile Battery and Drive Unit
‱ Warranty is 4 years, 50,000 mile limit for entire Car

🚘 Admittedly, before engaging with our Tesla Comparisons, it was believed that the Model S was the Larger Car, yes, the “S” is likely lower to the Ground, and it is. Having seen both cars “up close and personal” the Model S visually gives the appearance of being a Heavier, Longer and Wider machine.

🚘 Comparison-List of Specs for Model X and Model S for 9⃣ key measures; the results were quite surprising. Here are a few of the biggest surprises: the Model X is 624 Pounds Heavier, The Model X is Wider by 4″, it’s also Longer by 2″, and more Shoulder Room by 3″ Wider, Head Room is almost 3″ Taller for those big guys, and Hip Room is over 4″ Wider too.

🚘 Truthfully, I’m already “Sold on the entire Tesla concept” however, Comparing both Models. But after a fairly extensive research effort, to render this article worthwhile, my 1st choice Model changed, back and forth, both ways, this way and that way… I thought this would be an easy pick. Selecting a Car is a personal matter. The Style, Look, Power, AWD, RWD, Utility, Speed, Range, Software, Suspension, Colors and Materials… Which Model is best for you, the “X” or the “S” ? Read on, it may help with your selection.

🚘 The Challenge as Electric Vehicles become “Mainstream” particularly in light of Tesla’s new Model 3 Reveal, midnight (March 31st-April 1st) just three weeks ago, Tesla received over 325,000 Reservation Deposits of $1000 in One Week. This is an unheard of huge global “Reservation-List” for a new Car that no one at the time had actually seen yet, albeit an affordable $35,000 beauty. (We’ve collected some stunning pictures and video clips below).

🚘 Whether it’s TESLA Cars or the other 25-flavors of electric cars sold in the US last year, for example, the Top Three: 92,700 Chevy Volts, 92,500 Nissan Leafs, 63,100 Tesla Model S Cars, are among the 410,000 electric vehicles sold last year, plus 12,200 charging stations and 30,700 Public Charging points in the US. Where are all those Charging locations that have the “Type of Juice” a Tesla requires? How much will it Take? How many Miles can be driven with an Electric Fill-Up? In a Reasonable amount of Time… how much Time?

🚘 The Buzz Words, AC, DC, kWh, SAE-J1772, CHAdeMO, RPH not MPH, DC not CD, Current-Flow, no more High-Test or Low-Test… So What’s with the Watts, Range, Amps, Volts, Bolts and Leafs. Fear Not, scroll-down to this “––Previously Reported––” marker, where we’ve explained many of these terms, which serves as a guide for your New Tesla, to keep you energized and literally Charged. Globally, there are over 1.2 Billion Gas and Electric cars driving on the roads today, with over 600,000 electric cars last year.

🚘 Model X Proposed Order formulated on Tesla’s Design Center showing options selected.

🚘 Model S Range Per Charge chart shows four Model S configurations showing the (Milage) Range for a fully charged Model S, that you’d anticipate depending on the Battery Size of 70 kWh or the 90 kWh, and Motor D configuration (2-wheel drive or 4-wheel drive) selections. Notice, Ambient Temperature was turned up to 90ÂșF, Average driving speed was set at 45mph, and the A/C On, using 19″ wheels.

🚘 Tesla Model S 90D Achieves over 400 Mile Range on One Charge, is very impressive, as no other Electric Car has even half this Range. [443 Mile Range with A/C off, 392 Mile Range with A/C on, average driving speed 45mph]. Tesla says, each year, their engineers expect its LiON Battery Technologies will improve kWh Capacity and Range by around 5%-to-10% per Year, due to engineering efficiencies and improvements of the LiON cell structure and chemistry. These individual LiON-Cells are quite important; The 90 kWh LiON battery contains 7104 cells housed within 16 modules, containing 444 cells in each module. [Each Module delivers 25v DC at 225 Amps. The Math: 16 Modules at 25v DC equals 400 vDC at 225Amps, which equals 90kWh of Power.] Tesla’s Lithium Battery pack containing a “bazillion small cells” [well 7104 cells] was probably my biggest surprise.

🔋 TESLA has been thinking about these topics that only great automotive engineers consider regarding Fuel (electric or gas) Efficiency, the $Cost/Mile driven; however, lets keep it simple for now, by excluding these important items: Tire replacement, Drivers’ aggressive driving habits (hard acceleration, braking, hard turns), the engine, drivetrain, fuel-grade, etc. Let’s exclude all the items above, and read on.

🚘 The following items, are very important “external factors” engineers are very interested in, that effect (Milage) $Cost/Mile efficiency: (1) Wind Resistance on the Car’s external surfaces (Coefficient of Aerodynamic Drag), overall-shape, front-grill, door-handles, antennas, windshield-wipers (2) Tire Friction, the interaction of the tires on the paved streets, camber, caster, alignment and (3) the Wheel-Bearings. All these factors require [more] energy to overcome their effect on Car’s performance.

🚘 Considering all these Internal and External Engineering Factors, TESLA has designed a precision 4-door sedan using electric propulsion… winning awards from the entire automotive industry globally, combined with over 80,000 pleased Tesla Model S owners. Elon Musk while on-stage said, the gross margins on the Model S sales, helped to finance the development their new Model 3 Car unveiled April 1 at midnight. While on stage, Musk thanked the audience for buying the Model S… or else the “Model 3 would not be here this evening…” The Model 3 being Tesla’s answer for a truly “affordable electric car” priced at $35,000 for the mainstream.

🚘 Currently, Tesla Motors builds their Model S and Model X to the specifications defined by each Buyer as they order their Custom TESLAs. Currently the Tesla production-line is delivering over 4,100 Tesla cars per month, a bit over 50,000 cars/year during 2015. Next year Model S production is planned to ramp-up to 100,000 cars/year. In 2018 Tesla will begin ramping-up their new Model 3 affordable, $35,000 car for the masses, in effort to satisfy some portion of the 325,000 reservations it received within a week of the Model-3 REVEAL on 4/1/16.

🚘 That said, let’s build our Model S Car with a good selection of features, as Tesla decided that they are building each Car for each Buyer, “Build-to-Order” plan, not the reverse. Many other car manufacturers produce cars with company designed options, filling Car Lots with large inventories of Cars they Hope the folks will desire.

🚘 First Step is to decide about the 70 kWh Battery or the 90 kWh Battery. The larger 90 kWh battery pack will provide more power and greater Range (miles) per Full Charge. In gasoline terms, do we want a Larger “Fuel Tank” or a smaller one. Since Electric Vehicles are charged in one’s residential garage, and when on the highways, the number of Tesla SuperChargers, it’s charger infrastructures of 615 current Stations, is not fully developed; therefore we’d recommend the Longest-Range battery available, to mitigate the issue of fewer Fast-Fueling (Charger) locations.

🚘 Several years from now, having the Largest Battery [largest fuel tank] may be not as important a consideration, as it is today. Therefore, lets select the 90 kWh Battery. Next, do we recommend 2-wheel drive or 4-wheel drive. With the Model S there are several combinations of choices, for battery size and 2-Wheel or All-Wheel drive. The 90D gives an excellent balance of Range, Power, and 4-Wheel drive.

🚘 TESLA’s Model S 90D All-Wheel drive is Recommended as displayed above. If one desired greater performance, then the P90D could have been selected for a $20,000 premium. The Model S 90D selection is provides an excellent balance of power and range with a base price of $89,000. Let’s recommend this model.

🚘 Next, let’s select the exterior Paint Color, Interior treatments, Panoramic Roof and Wheels. Let’s pick fire engine RED for the Car’s exterior color, a $1500 extra, the panoramic all glass roof for $1500, Next Gen Leather for $2500, standard wheels, Dark Ash wood interior treatment, and the Black Headliner. This brings the Model S price to $98,000 which includes the $3000 Premium interior package shown below.

🚘 TESLA’s Model S: An Important Option to consider is their High Amp Charger package, also known as the Dual-Charger package for $1500. This electronics package is [simply] a more powerful AC-to-DC [internal, under the hood] Converter. If you do not have this High Amp package, you will be trapped at an annoyingly “Very Slow Fill Rate” particularly, when you’re in a hurry during the day. [My guess Tesla will eventually include this as “Standard” equipment.]

🚘 Think about the number of times you’re Driving around town on ÂŒTank. This High Amp Kit permits the Car to be Charged at TWICE the RPH rate (range per hour) with a Public Charger, or your Garage. (in Technical terms for your electrician, the Power requirements: a 100Amp, 240v AC dedicated circuit.) When you Plug into this high power circuit, it permits a FAST-Charge Rate of 60 miles of Range Per Hour, or 60 minutes of Charging, this is RPH. Therefore, plugging-in over night, with 3 hours of charging we’d add 180 miles of driving Range. With the 90 kWh battery, in 3-5 hours we’d get a complete Fill-Up of power for the next days’ driving. This is important, BUT more importantly, is “Filling” your TESLA at a Curb-side Public Charger for 20 miles of Range with only 20 minutes of charging. [We are now at $99,500 for this Car, but we’re not quite done. There are several other Options to consider.]

🚘 TESLA’s Model S AutoPilot Convenience Feature. This package is an on-board Software package installed onto the Car’s Computer System. The Hardware is already included with all Tesla cars. AutoPilot operates by assisting the Driver to stay in-Lane on highways, assists in changing lanes by using its 360Âș array of sensors to guide the Car when you want to change lanes, it also checks for any cars in front or you, plus left & right sides, making sure there is ample and safe distance from the car in front, and adjusting speed up-or-down, to maintain a safe margins. This system also provides for automated Parallel Parking. Tesla as been improving the Tesla onboard computer, presently up to software upgrade 7.1. Tesla will improve and upgrade the Car’s software from time to time [at 3am] when your sleeping… adding new and improved capabilities.

🚘 Tesla is committed to new innovations for its “AutoPilot” program, adding features, to enhance the Driver experience, for Public safety, plus Driver safety and convenience. Elon Musk says Tesla’s GOAL is to have their Tesla AutoPilot function as a true Autonomous-Driving experience, once fully tested and obtains Government DOT approval, said to be “achieved in several years, less than 5.” My thoughts, if we’re buying a $100k+ car, let’s spend another 2.5% and get this amazing driver-assist. Let’s include this $2500 option. [Our next article may be only about Tesla’s AutoPilot, it’s that exciting.]

🚘 TESLA’s Model S Ultra High Fidelity Sound System. Yes, let’s recommend incredible Sound for a very special Ultra-Quite Car. This system redefines the automotive audio experience, but is more than a bigger amplifier and more speakers. This is a $2500 option likely worth the added expense; having driven the Model S several months ago, the sound system gives the impression that you’ve entered a “Recording Studio Sound Stage.” Pure, Clean, Detailed, Undistorted, Sound, surrounding You and your Passengers, which otherwise is totally quite with No engine noise nor noticeable road-roar, even when driving at expressway speeds. [We are now up to a $104,500 Model S package. Almost done with Options to consider.]

🚘 TESLA’s Model S: Air Suspension is Very Smart. This package permits the Car to be intelligently elevated [further] above street grade, to handle steep driveways or undulating roads, where having greater ground-clearance is safe and beneficial. The onboard Computer system remembers where the driver made this onScreen manual elevation-adjustment; When you drive to this same GPS position, the Car will elevate automatically. When you arrive at your driveway or a restaurant, or where Passengers are unloading, the Driver can manually increase the elevation of the Car, making for an improved exit-experience for yourself, your passengers, and their baggage. We have now completed the Option-package recommendations; the Model S is priced at $108,200 including Tesla’s $1200 delivery charge and documentation costs.

🚘 TESLA’s Model S final configuration including all the chosen options are displayed in the graphic below. Recall, Tesla has chosen the Customize your Car, “Build-to-Order” business model. Our Car with the options we desire are ordered with a $2500 refundable deposit; Once your Build-to-Order Custom Car enters the Production Line your $2500 deposit, becomes non-refundable. [Buyers are notified (warned) prior to their deposit going “hard”.] Your car should be ready for delivery in about 6 weeks based on Tesla’s current back-log of orders to be filled, or thereafter if we chose a later delivery date, giving consideration for Tesla’s then Production delay.

🚘 TESLA’s Model S: Final Configuration with Recommended Options, earns an EPA rating of 99 eMPG, the “electric” equivalency of MPG. When charging the Model S with an electric-utility cost of 12Âą/kWh, our Fuel-Cost in miles driven is 3.95Âą/mile, therefore for 15,000 miles driven, the EPA has determined the Annual Cost is $690. According to the EPA in five years the total cost savings is $9,600 as compared to an equivalent Gasoline Powered car. [There is extensive testing performed by the EPA with factory interaction to establish fair EPA Disclosure stickers.]

🚘 In Sum, assuming the Federal Government continues its $7,500 Tax Incentive, combined with the $9,600 five year savings in fuel cost, we’d experience an Overall Savings of $17,100 in Five Years and if she retained the Car for 8 years, we’d save another $5,760 for 3 more years, reaching the 8-year warranty expiration. Our new Tesla Model S car’s cost is $108,200 delivered, (less $17,100 and $5,760) Savings Total of $22,860 for a Model S net cost $85,340 which had an 8 Year [unlimited milage] Battery warranty, and 8 years on the Motor and Drive unit.

Tesla Model X Purchase Summary with Options is consistent with the Model S choices outlined above. Apparently, the four items below, are Options at an extra [$6500] cost for the Model S, however, for Model X these same items are “Standard” and “included” in the base price of the Car: (A) All Glass Panoramic Roof [$1500] (B) 20″ Premium Wheels [$2500] (C) Black Alcantara Headliner (D) Smart Suspension [$2500]. If visiting http://www.Tesla.com in their Design Studio for the Model X, there are selections for added Seating for up to 7 passengers, otherwise the Model X seats 5 comfortably.

Compare Tesla Model S with Model X Physical Specifications. When examining the specifications of these two Cars, the Model X external Car Body is longer in length and wider in width; Either Car Body is attached to the exact same Wheel Base Frame. Without getting into the weeds, both Cars have the exact same wheel-base, front wheel tracking, and rear wheel tracking. However, there are nine important differences worth mentioning listed below

1⃣ Model X Curb Weight is 5,271 Pounds, Heavier by 624 pounds, surprisingly
2⃣ Model X Length, overall is 16’6″, Longer by about 2.3″
3⃣ Model X Width, overall, Mirrors folded is 7’5″, Wider by about 4.2″
4⃣ Model X Ground Clearance is 7.55″, Higher Above-Ground by 1.9″
5⃣ Model X Shoulder Room is 60.7″, Wider by 3.0″, noticeable by Big folks
6⃣ Model X Leg Room Average is 39.8″, Longer by 0.4″, no one will notice
7⃣ Model X Head Room is 41.7″, Higher by 2.9″, noticeable by Tall folks
8⃣ Model X Hip Room Rear Seats is 59.0″, Wider by 4.3″, noticeable by Big folks
9⃣ Model X Cargo Room is 77 cu.ft., Larger by 46 cu.ft. due to Hatchback design

🔋 High-Power DC Charger Stations are the future of Electric Vehicles adoption by the masses. This is the Main reason Tesla is building a huge infrastructure of SuperCharger Stations. The drive-in charger lanes deliver 120 kWh of DC directly into Tesla Cars, where you can add 170 miles of Range in 30 minutes, or 100 miles of Range in 20 minutes, etc. Cost and over-heating issues, limit the power levels an EV Car’s internal rectifier-circuit can handle in the vehicle. Therefore, for power requirements over 240vAC at 80 Amps (19.2 kWh), external charging station are more efficient delivering DC power directly into the vehicle’s LiON battery. Combine these factors with the EV industry’s desire to “Refill EV Cars quickly…”

Visit Tesla’s Charging Calculator, to change Energy cost or another parameter. (All samples displayed are set for $0.12/kWh the US average for Electricity) This Link contains the Charging Calculator, then scroll-Down to the Calculator. https://www.teslamotors.com/models-charging#/calculator.

Charging Examples displayed below Demonstrate a Residential Garage setup, using a 100A, 240v AC dedicated circuit, for charging all Tesla Models that contain the $1500 optional High Amperage Charger. This setup in the Car and in the Garage, delivers 19.2 kWh of Power into the Car’s High Amperage Charger which converts the high power AC to DC to energize the massive 1200 pound Tesla Battery pack.




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🚘 Compare Tesla Electric Cars 🚘 Model X 🚘 Model S đŸš˜

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🚘 Compare Tesla Model S and Model X all Electric Cars. From a Non-Car-Guy point of view, we discuss in reasonable detail [not-too-technical] a few of the commonly used electric-car terms; We need to think and understand this new “language.”

🚘 Tesla Cars Viewed from a Buyer Perspective, selecting the Options for the Model S or Model X makes significant changes to the Comfort and Safety of the Driver & Passengers, plus the Car’s Agility, Power, and Performance. In this article we Compare two highly rated Tesla electric Cars; however, please permit me to bring you “up to speed” on some of the ingredients that make both these Tesla Electric Cars “tick.” Remember, it’s All about the Cells, LiON Cells. Thousands of Cells in all Model X and Model S Cars.

🚘 Look at this Single Lithium-Ion Cell in hand. The LiON Cell is truly the Magical Ingredient that energizes Tesla Model S and Model X Cars. Thousands of these Cells [literally 7,104 Cells] all lined up in a special arrangement, with 444 cells housed in each Module, where all 16 modules are connected together to deliver 400v DC at 225 Amps, yielding a 90 kWh Battery weighing 1,200 pounds.

🚘 Tesla’s GigaFactory, 100 Electric Ave, Sparks, Nevada. Tesla’s Lithium-Ion Battery factory [over 3 million sq.ft, on 1.5 sq. miles land] will produce more Lithium Cells than the entire World’s 2015 production. The Gigafactory’s initial production capacity is targeted at 35 Million kWh per Year, enough Lithium Cells to power 400,000 Tesla Cars/yr, [that’s 2.75 Billion Cells, LiON Cells/year or 7.64 Million Cells/day].

🚘 Tesla’s new GigaFactory is an 80 Acre Building Under Roof. Tesla’s battery partner [Panasonic] will be manufacturing their new co-designed LiOn Cell [the 20700 Cell] rendering it +133% more powerful. When Tesla’s Production Line [for Model X, Model S, Model 3 Cars] delivers 12,000 Cars per month, Tesla’s Gigafactory will be Producing 2.8 Million LiON Cells every Day, for the Car’s Batteries; This is just the “startup” quantity before Tesla Ramps-Up production [add the Model 3 Car in 2018] in Tesla’s new 3.5 million sq.ft. facility, the first phase of 10 Million sq.ft.

🚘 It’s Really All about the LiON Cells. Look at the picture of the 18650 Lithium-Ion Cell standing upright next to a traditional Double-AA battery on my iPad Pro’s keyboard. The LiON Cell [39gm] is over twice the physical size and weight of the AA battery [16gm]. Notice 5000 mAh capacity, equals 5.0 Ah at 3.7v DC. [Watts = A x V] or 5×3.7 = 18.5 Watt/Hr. Let’s divide it by 1000, to convert 18.5 Watts into kiloWatts. 18.5/1000 = 0.0185 kWh.

🚘 We Converted 18.5 Watts of storage into kWh [0.0185 kWh] the same units as in the 90 kWh Battery Pack. We know there are 7,104 LiON Cells in TESLA’s battery pack. Each individual LiON Cell can store 0.0185 kWh of power… seems like an itty-bitty amount of Power.

🚘 Cells are TESLA’s MAGIC. All these LiOn Cells are like a Miniature “Army” of Cells. A single “Army-Man’s” power, may not be impressive, with only 0.0184 kWh of muscle; BUT, let’s multiply our Army-Man, and bring in 7104 Army-Men; Now we have several Brigades, a “Powerful Force” of 7104 Men… 7104 Cells… Therefor, let’s take the single Cell’s modest Power of 0.0185 kWh, times 7,104. [0.0185 x 7104 = 131.4 kWh]

🚘 This is a Storage Pack with 131.4 kWh Power. OMG, that’s Huge. If these LiON Cells were all lined up in Tesla’s special arrangement for their TESLA Battery Pack, they’d have an amazing 130 kWh Battery, that’s 144% greater capacity than their present 90 kWh Battery, which would likely be an EPA rating of 400 Miles Range, rather than 275 EPA miles, for the present day 90 kWh Battery. See how much fun we’re having…

🚘 After All, it’s really all about the Cells, currently the 18650 LiOn Cell, is 18mm in diameter by 65mm tall. Battery Engineers say by increasing the Cell’s Diameter marginally by 2mm to 20mm, and increasing the cell’s Height from 65mm to 70mm, the new Cell, the LiON 20700 Cell will actually deliver 133% of the Power than its smaller brother, at the Same Cost per Cell.

🚘 Delivery of the 20700 LiON Cell may be the “Birth” of Tesla’s new 120 kWh Battery, with a Range over 400 Miles. This is a Huge development. Personally, having over 350 EPA certified miles is the Range folks need to see. Anything significantly less in Range [in my opinion] would be considered a “Commuter Car.”

🚘 Today is Racing in Fast Forward to the Future, as Electric Cars Charge on to the Mainstream However, too many folks remain pulled back with decades of prejudices and familiarity: “Pistons, Tanks, Gas, Rods, Gallons, Liters, Fumes, Plugs, V8’s, Octane, Unleaded…” Today, Electric Cars are becoming more popular partly because of the “GREEN” effect, plus some folks see Fuel Cost savings beneficial in the longer view.

🚘 Gas Prices at $2.75/Gallon currently, Equals 12±/Mile, [assume the EPA 22 MPG] the cost the average Gas Guzzler is about 12±/Mile. This fuel cost/mile is Three Times the cost of the Tesla Models S or X, electric utility charge of 4±/Mile. [electricity cost 12±/kW]

🚘 It takes Courage to be GREEN with Cars. One must have lots of Courage to be an “Electric Car Pioneer” knowing that: (A) Electric Car manufacturers do not have decades of experiences or durability stats, (B) Electric Charger-Stations are “few and far between” literally, (C) the Time required for an electric Fill-Up.

🚘 Gas Staton Fill-Ups: For an EPA standard 15 gallon Fill-Up, traditional Gas Stations [currently there are 168,000 US Gas Stations] that require about 5-Minutes in Fueling Time, giving your car 330 miles of Range, with an EPA standard of 22MPG, renders a cost of 12±/Mile, at $2.65/Gallon. With Electric-Car charging at most of the 40,000 charging-stations that currently exist in the US, the same 5-Minutes Fueling Time, gives your Electric Car 2.5 miles of Range. At DC FAST Express Commercial and Public Charging (19.2 kWr) Stations, a 5 minute charge gives your electric Car about 5 miles of Range. Fortunately, many EV Car Drivers have a Charger Connection at their residence garage, for every night fill-ups.

🚘 Your Garage becomes your Fuel Service Station, as you can Plug-In your Tesla using a 19.2 kWh Super Charger Kit, for an Over Night Fill Up, every Night. Although, the charging rate is roughly 60 RPH, [60 miles of Range per Hour of Charging], If you have a 360 Mile Battery, plugging in overnight, in 6 hours you are FULL of electric power. Although, the Public Charging Stations are time consuming for even a modest fill-up, your Garage Charger is very convenient for an every-Night topping-off your “Electric Fuel Tank.”

🚘 For Electric Cars to become truly Mainstream, These Issues Must be resolved

(A) Battery Range of 350 Miles
– Affordable Battery Technology, to render energy storage at a reasonable cost, giving 350+ Miles Range. With a bazillion Gas Stations in the US, [actually 168,000] gas driven cars receive a 330 mile range with a 5-minute Fill-Up time
(B) Range per 5 Minute Fill-Up. Charging Stations will have to Deliver significantly more Range than 5 Miles with a 5 Minute Charge
(C) DC-FAST chargers by ChargePoint are currently the fastest commercial chargers giving a Rate of 200 RPH which equals 15 Miles Range for a 5 Minute charge using the CHAdeMO plug.

🚘 TESLA is getting FASTER with Charging Speed, as their Super-Charger Stations Deliver a 30 mile Range in 5-minutes, 115 Miles of Range in 20 Minutes, or 170 Miles in 30 Minutes, Electric Charging gives 5 Miles of Range per Minute … This charging-rate although FAST for electric charging points, is still relatively slow, compared to the Time folks are used to at Gas Stations, giving 60 miles of Range per Minute. Tesla’s Super-Charger Stations are proprietary for Tesla Cars Only, as Tesla is providing its Power at No Cost to Tesla Drivers.

🔮 Below are YouTube Video-Clips Links that you may be interested in viewing. Having reviewed dozens of videos, these have been picked, showing (A) A Video, narrated, takes you into the assembly-line of the Model S at their factory in Fremont, California (B) Tesla associate Delivering a Tesla Model S to a customer; taking a new Tesla owner through the setup of the features for the Model S. TESLA’s delivery-training is worth your time (C) the next 2 video-clips demonstrate the Tesla AutoPilot in action on freeways, first with the Model X, the second is with the Model S car.

đŸ”” These Clips have been placed between two distinctive images, so you can return here, at a later time, after you’ve read the article.

🔮 Tesla Factory is Automated with Robotics; this interesting, narrated YouTube video-clip gives a closeup view of the assembly of some key components such as the unique Tesla Motor, Gear Box, and Dashboard electronics: https://goo.gl/5wu3sW

🔮 Tesla Factory Delivery of Your New Model S All Tesla Cars are build-to-order. In a few weeks you car will be ready for delivery to you. This YouTube narrated video-clip shows a Tesla Delivery to a Customer: https://goo.gl/cpHnYt

🔮 Tesla Drivers demonstrate the Model X and the Model S AutoPilot with Software version 7.0 These narrated demonstrations of the Autopilot shows the hands-free operation of the Tesla Autopilot controlling the car on Expressways at 70+mph, quite amazing:
https://goo.gl/Tj3wGr
https://goo.gl/YxQyNa

🔮 A Tesla Driver demonstrates the Apple Watch monitoring the status of the Model S and some of the Controlling capability of the Model-S Car. https://goo.gl/72smx0

🚘 Tesla provides a Free APP for iPhones and Apple Watch where Drivers may Plug-In at the Charging station, Start the Charge cycle, Lock the Car, then go into a Coffee shop or Retail Center. Then Remotely, Drivers can Open the Tesla APP on your iPhone and on your Apple Watch, which Logs-In to your Tesla Car’s Computer, to do lots of tasks
(A) Look at the Status of your Car: Locked, Unlocked, Interior Temperature, Range in Miles
(B) You can Honk your Horn, Flash the Car’s Lights to help you find the car in a large parking lot, or a dark street, Start the A/C system to Cool-Down your Car, so it’s ready for you at a Comfortable temperature, or heat the car in the Winter season
(C) Look at the Charging-progress of your Car, see the Miles Range as your Battery is charging, you’d then know when it’s time to return to your Tesla Car
(D) All of these actions can be performed from your iPhone and your Apple Watch.

🚘 Tesla Promises Free Super-Charges Forever. Free charging as assured by Elon Musk helps to mitigate the limited Network of Stations, and the relatively slow Charge-time [compared to Gas-Fill-Ups]. Tesla’s SuperCharger Stations are Super-Fast [compared to all other Commercial and Public charger stations] but are relatively slow compared to Gasoline Car fill-ups. Hopefully new Battery technologies will permit significantly Faster Charge Times. It is believed that LiON Battery technology is one of the major factors limiting Charge-Time.

🚘 Tesla SuperCharger stations require 20-30 Minutes to obtain a reasonable 100-175 Mile Range added to their Battery “Fuel Tanks.” To mitigate this “time issue” Tesla locates their Stations near Destinations where the Driver may be encouraged to visit, like Coffee Shops, Malls, Retail Shopping Centers.

🚘 Good News: The Public, Federal & State Governments, and Technology Enterprises are Focusing on GREEN Personal Transportation Solutions. For Traditional Cars: We need to arrest (an increasing portion of) the Toxic-Fumes spewing into the atmosphere, Electric Vehicles (EVs) are an answer; The EV Revolution has many of us digesting a new vocabulary: Lithium Ion batteries, Cells, 90 kWh, 70 kWh, LiON Cells, is Bigger Better, How Big is enough, Charger-Stations, Amps, Watts, Volts, Bolts, AC, DC not CD, RPH not MPH… EV’s have NO sign of Toxic Fumes, there’s no Gas-burning, nor tail-pipe Exhaust…

🚘 Compare Model X & Model S: Reviewing Tesla’s web site is a good experience; the web-site is well designed and full of attractive, informative dialogs and graphics. Our effort, is to provide the back-story, analysis, and related information on the topic of Electric Cars, from the point of view of a “Non-CAR-Guy.” After all, we want to know more about electric cars; we need to know What’s Watt.

🚘 Model S – Performance and Safety Refined – Model S is designed from the ground up to be the safest, most exhilarating sedan on the road; Having driven the Model S recently, Exhilarating is an Understatement. With unparalleled performance delivered through Tesla’s unique, all-electric powertrain, Model S accelerates from 0 to 60 mph in as little as 2.8 seconds with its optional “Ludicrous Performance Mode.” Model S comes with true Autopilot capabilities designed to assist the highway driving experience, making it safer and stress free.

🚘 Adaptive Headlight Lighting – Model S features full LED adaptive headlights. Besides enhancing the already great styling, adaptive headlights also boost safety. With 14 three-position LED dynamic turning-lights improve visibility at night, especially on winding roads.

🚘 HEPA Medical Grade Air Filter – Model S now features a Medical grade HEPA air filtration system, which removes 99.97% of particulate exhaust pollution and effectively all allergens, bacteria, and other contaminants from the Cabin Atmosphere. Tesla has a “Bioweapon Defense” mode that creates a Positive Pressure inside the Cabin to protect occupants from any poisonous gasses from entering the Car. Not that we are expecting an attack, but, every day we can be following a Tractor Trailer that is spewing Clouds of Black Soot and Toxic Fumes… this screen activated mode, protects everyone in the Car from being “gassed” by every-day driving hazards.

🚘 Autopilot – Tesla’s Autopilot performs the following comprehensive tasks (A) assists Model S with steering, by keeping the Car within your Lane, (B) Change lanes with the simple tap of a turn signal (C) Manages Speed by using active, traffic-aware cruise control assuring safe following distance from the Car ahead (D) Digitally controls the motors, brakes, and steering mechanisms, to help avoid collisions from either Frontally and Sides (E) Prevents the car from wandering off the road, as often occurs when a sleepy driver dozes.

🚘 Tesla AutoPilot also enables your car to Scan for an adequate Parking Space, and will Parallel Park on the Driver’s command. Tesla’s Summon, is a new feature that permits the Driver to “Call your Car” using your iPhone. When the Driver Summon’s their Car, the AutoPilot controls the car where it self-drives your empty Car, to meet you at your Front Door, all systems on GO. Tesla’s Autopilot features are progressively enabled over time with periodic software updates. The latest software update 7.0 added the “Summon” feature mentioned above.

🚘 Automatic Steering with Traffic Aware Cruise Control – Active sensors combined with GPS and high resolution digital maps comprise a mutually reinforcing system that pilots Model S along the highway, staying within your lane, even in stop and go traffic.

🚘 AutoPilot with Real-Time Learning – RealTime automated feedback from Tesla’s fleet of over 100,000 of Model S and X Cars. Think about it. All Tesla Car’s onboard Computers are periodically reporting to the “Mother Ship” information about the accuracy of its AutoPilot functions and Driver Assist features.

🚘 AutoPilot – If the Tesla Computer is driving “off course” where the Driver intercedes with a “course correction” the Car’s onBoard Computer makes note of these “autonomous driving errors” and transmits each occurrence to Tesla’s home office. All these course corrections and adjustments from all over the world, from Tesla’s Fleet of over 100,000 cars are assimilated. Software engineers will augment the navigation program accordingly, to ensure these systems are continually Learning and Improving upon itself. Tesla transmits a “Smarter, Trained, AutoPilot” into your Model S, Model X, Model 3 Computer system, periodically.

🚘 Dual Motor Model S is a categorical improvement on conventional all-wheel drive systems. With two motors, one in the front and one in the rear, Model S digitally and independently controls torque to the front and rear wheels. The result is unparalleled traction control in all road and climate conditions.

🚘 Model S, it’s two Motors are lighter, smaller, and more efficient than the Gasoline Car counterparts, providing both improved Range and faster Acceleration. In contrast, conventional all-wheel drive cars employ complex mechanical linkages and transaxles to distribute power from a single engine to all four wheels. This sacrifices energy efficiency in favor of all-weather traction.

🚘 Model S Performance comes standard with All-Wheel Drive Dual Motors, pairing the high performance rear motor with a high efficiency front motor to achieve “SuperCar” acceleration, from zero to 60 miles per hour in 2.8 seconds.

🚘 Model S is Built around the Driver – Model S is a Car-Driver’s car. The cabin combines meticulous noise-abatement engineering with Tesla’s uniquely quiet powertrain to obtain the Sound Dynamics of a Recording Studio. Having recently driven the Model S, one of the most stunning observations Driving the Model S is the “Total Silence” one experiences when putting on a Pair of BOSE noise-cancelling Headphones.

🚘 Touchscreen – The Model S is controlled an impressive 17″ touchscreen, is the interior centerpiece, high-resolution Display. The LCD display is angled toward the Driver and includes both day and night modes for better visibility without distraction. The Display puts rich and important content at the Driver’s fingertips providing mobile [cellular] connectivity. The Driver can easily find a destination, favorite song, or a new restaurant, PLUS the display controls most of the car’s functions. Opening the all glass panoramic roof, customizing the automatic climate control, setting the AutoPilot parameters, changing the radio station, all happen with a swipe or a touch. The touchscreen, digital instrument cluster, and steering wheel controls seamlessly integrate media, navigation, communications, cabin controls and vehicle data.

🚘 Model S is designed from the ground up to be the safest car on the road, according to Tesla. Much of its safety is owed to the unique electric drivetrain and the 1200 pound Battery pack that sits beneath the car’s aluminum occupant cell in its own subframe. This unique positioning substantially lowers the car’s center of gravity, which improves handling and minimizes rollover risk, and replaces the heavy engine block with impact absorbing boron steel rails.

🚘 Side impacts are met by aluminum pillars reinforced with steel rails to reduce intrusion, protecting occupants and the battery pack while improving roof stiffness. In the event of an accident, eight airbags protect front and rear occupants, and the 90 kWh Battery [a high-voltage 400v DC, 225 Amp array of LiOn Cells] is automatically disconnected.

🚘 Tesla Launch Event of for the Model X – Sept 29, 2015 by Tesla Motors – https://vimeo.com/140889963

🚘 According to Tesla Motors, the Model X is the safest, fastest and most capable sport utility vehicle in history. With all-wheel drive and a 90 kWh battery providing 257 miles of range [an EPA stat], Model X has ample seating for up to seven adults [with 3 seating options] and all of their gear. The Model X it’s ludicrously fast, accelerating from zero to 60 MPH in as quick as 3.2 seconds [with High Performance Option]. Model X is the no-compromise SUV.

🚘 Tesla states that it’s Model X is designed with safety as the first priority. The floor-mounted 1200 pound battery lowers the center of gravity so that the risk of rollover is “half the risk” any other SUV in its class. The battery structure strengthens Model X against side impact intrusions. Without a gasoline engine, the Model X’s large front trunk acts as a giant impact-absorbing crumple zone. Tesla’s own internally conducted crash testing indicates that Model X has the expectation, to be the first SUV to receive the highest safety rating in every category; although as of this writing, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has not yet conducted crash testing on the Model X.

🚘 Active Safety: Model X continually scans the surrounding roadway with cameras, radar and sonar systems, providing the driver with real-time feedback to help avoid collisions. Even at highway speeds, Model X is designed to automatically apply brakes in an emergency.

🚘 Falcon Wing doors allow easy access to second and third row seats from even a tight parking space, while traditional SUV doors or Minivan sliding doors would not grant any access.

🚘 With only a foot of clearance on either side, Falcon Wing doors articulate smoothly up and out of the way, allowing passengers to enter from both front and rear directions. The side and overhead opening is so large that parents can buckle children in without ducking or straining and without bumping their child’s head on the roof.

🚘 Aerodynamic, Model X is able to achieve 257 miles of range in part because it is the most aerodynamic SUV in production. With a Drag Coefficient of 0.24, Model X’s Wind Resistance is 20% lower than the next best SUV, better than most all other Cars period. In addition, an active spoiler deploys from the rear lift-gate optimizes highway efficiency and stability.

🚘 Big Sky Effect – Model X has the largest all glass panoramic windshield in production, providing an unparalleled view of the road, scenery, stars, and sky above. Optimized solar-tinting and obstruction-free view, creates unlimited visibility for the driver and all passengers.

🚘 Autopilot – Tesla’s Autopilot performs the following comprehensive tasks (A) assists Model S with steering, by keeping the Car within your Lane, (B) Change lanes with the simple tap of a turn signal (C) Manages Speed by using active, traffic-aware cruise control assuring safe following distance from the Car ahead (D) Digitally controls the motors, brakes, and steering mechanisms, to help avoid collisions from either Frontally and Sides (E) Prevents the car from wandering off the road, as often occurs when a sleepy driver dozes.

🚘 Tesla AutoPilot also enables your car to Scan for an adequate Parking Space, and will Parallel Park on the Driver’s command. Tesla’s Summon, is a new feature that permits the Driver to “Call your Car” using your iPhone. When the Driver Summon’s their Car, the AutoPilot controls the car where it self-drives your empty Car, to meet you at your Front Door, all systems on GO. Tesla’s Autopilot features are progressively enabled over time with periodic software updates. The latest software update 7.0 added the “Summon” feature mentioned above.

🚘 Automatic Steering with Traffic Aware Cruise Control – Active sensors combined with GPS and high resolution digital maps comprise a mutually reinforcing system that pilots Model S along the highway, staying within your lane, even in stop and go traffic.

🚘 AutoPilot with Real-Time Learning – RealTime automated feedback from Tesla’s fleet of over 100,000 of Model S and X Cars. Think about it. All Tesla Car’s onboard Computers are periodically reporting to the “Mother Ship” information about the accuracy of its AutoPilot functions and Driver Assist features.

🚘 AutoPilot – If the Tesla Computer is driving “off course” where the Driver intercedes with a “course correction” the Car’s onBoard Computer makes note of these “autonomous driving errors” and transmits each to Tesla’s home office. All these course corrections and adjustments from all over the world, from Tesla’s Fleet of over 100,000 cars are assimilated, to ensure these systems are continually Learning and Improving upon itself. Tesla transmits a “Smarter, Trained, AutoPilot” into your Model S, Model X, Model 3 Computer system, periodically.

🚘 Seating for Seven – Model X comfortably seats seven people in three rows: 2F, 3M, 2R. Every seat is the best seat in the house; however, the Middle Row of 3 seats are a work of art. Mounted on a single post and independently reclining, each second row seat is designed to maximize passenger comfort, legroom, under seat storage and access to the third row. The third row seats fold flat when not in use and the second row seats lean forward and out of the way for even more cargo area

🚘 Technology and Specifications
‱ Regular over-the-air updates add safety and navigation features, enhance performance and improve the driver experience
‱ Free Charge-ups at Tesla’s Supercharger network
‱ Maps and navigation with real-time traffic information
‱ Center console with a quick connect iPhone dock
‱ GPS enabled Homelink
‱ Electric All-Wheel Drive for max efficiency/traction
‱ Active safety technologies: side collision avoidance, automatic emergency braking
‱ Parking sensors and blind spot warning
‱ Full LED headlamps
‱ Power-folding, heated side mirrors
‱ Up to four LATCH child seat attachments
‱ Largest glass panoramic windshield in production, providing unparalleled views
‱ Falcon Wing doors allow access to 2nd, 3rd row seats
‱ Automatic keyless entry
‱ Automatic rear lift-gate opening
‱ Large interior storage capacity of 77 cubic feet
‱ Front trunk with room for luggage, strollers or golf bags
‱ Warranty is 8 years, infinite mile Battery and Drive Unit
‱ Warranty is 4 years, 50,000 mile limit for entire Car

🚘 Admittedly, before engaging with our Tesla Comparisons, it was believed that the Model S was the Larger Car, yes, the “S” is likely lower to the Ground, and it is. Having seen both cars “up close and personal” the Model S visually gives the appearance of being a Heavier, Longer and Wider machine.

🚘 Comparison-List of Specs for Model X and Model S for 9⃣ key measures; the results were quite surprising. Here are a few of the biggest surprises: the Model X is 624 Pounds Heavier, The Model X is Wider by 4″, it’s also Longer by 2″, and more Shoulder Room by 3″ Wider, Head Room is almost 3″ Taller for those big guys, and Hip Room is over 4″ Wider too.

🚘 Truthfully, I’m already “Sold on the entire Tesla concept” however, Comparing both Models. But after a fairly extensive research effort, to render this article worthwhile, my 1st choice Model changed, back and forth, both ways, this way and that way… I thought this would be an easy pick. Selecting a Car is a personal matter. The Style, Look, Power, AWD, RWD, Utility, Speed, Range, Software, Suspension, Colors and Materials… Which Model is best for you, the “X” or the “S” ? Read on, it may help with your selection.

🚘 The Challenge as Electric Vehicles become “Mainstream” particularly in light of Tesla’s new Model 3 Reveal, midnight (March 31st-April 1st) just three weeks ago, Tesla received over 325,000 Reservation Deposits of $1000 in One Week. This is an unheard of huge global “Reservation-List” for a new Car that no one at the time had actually seen yet, albeit an affordable $35,000 beauty. (We’ve collected some stunning pictures and video clips below).

🚘 Whether it’s TESLA Cars or the other 25-flavors of electric cars sold in the US last year, for example, the Top Three: 92,700 Chevy Volts, 92,500 Nissan Leafs, 63,100 Tesla Model S Cars, are among the 410,000 electric vehicles sold last year, plus 12,200 charging stations and 30,700 Public Charging points in the US. Where are all those Charging locations that have the “Type of Juice” a Tesla requires? How much will it Take? How many Miles can be driven with an Electric Fill-Up? In a Reasonable amount of Time… how much Time?

🚘 The Buzz Words, AC, DC, kWh, SAE-J1772, CHAdeMO, RPH not MPH, DC not CD, Current-Flow, no more High-Test or Low-Test… So What’s with the Watts, Range, Amps, Volts, Bolts and Leafs. Fear Not, scroll-down to this “––Previously Reported––” marker, where we’ve explained many of these terms, which serves as a guide for your New Tesla, to keep you energized and literally Charged. Globally, there are over 1.2 Billion Gas and Electric cars driving on the roads today, with over 600,000 electric cars last year.

🚘 Model X Proposed Order formulated on Tesla’s Design Center showing options selected.

🚘 Model S Range Per Charge chart shows four Model S configurations showing the (Milage) Range for a fully charged Model S, that you’d anticipate depending on the Battery Size of 70 kWh or the 90 kWh, and Motor D configuration (2-wheel drive or 4-wheel drive) selections. Notice, Ambient Temperature was turned up to 90ÂșF, Average driving speed was set at 45mph, and the A/C On, using 19″ wheels.

🚘 Tesla Model S 90D Achieves over 400 Mile Range on One Charge, is very impressive, as no other Electric Car has even half this Range. [443 Mile Range with A/C off, 392 Mile Range with A/C on, average driving speed 45mph]. Tesla says, each year, their engineers expect its LiON Battery Technologies will improve kWh Capacity and Range by around 5%-to-10% per Year, due to engineering efficiencies and improvements of the LiON cell structure and chemistry. These individual LiON-Cells are quite important; The 90 kWh LiON battery contains 7104 cells housed within 16 modules, containing 444 cells in each module. [Each Module delivers 25v DC at 225 Amps. The Math: 16 Modules at 25v DC equals 400 vDC at 225Amps, which equals 90kWh of Power.] Tesla’s Lithium Battery pack containing a “bazillion small cells” [well 7104 cells] was probably my biggest surprise.

🔋 TESLA has been thinking about these topics that only great automotive engineers consider regarding Fuel (electric or gas) Efficiency, the $Cost/Mile driven; however, lets keep it simple for now, by excluding these important items: Tire replacement, Drivers’ aggressive driving habits (hard acceleration, braking, hard turns), the engine, drivetrain, fuel-grade, etc. Let’s exclude all the items above, and read on.

🚘 The following items, are very important “external factors” engineers are very interested in, that effect (Milage) $Cost/Mile efficiency: (1) Wind Resistance on the Car’s external surfaces (Coefficient of Aerodynamic Drag), overall-shape, front-grill, door-handles, antennas, windshield-wipers (2) Tire Friction, the interaction of the tires on the paved streets, camber, caster, alignment and (3) the Wheel-Bearings. All these factors require [more] energy to overcome their effect on Car’s performance.

🚘 Considering all these Internal and External Engineering Factors, TESLA has designed a precision 4-door sedan using electric propulsion… winning awards from the entire automotive industry globally, combined with over 80,000 pleased Tesla Model S owners. Elon Musk while on-stage said, the gross margins on the Model S sales, helped to finance the development their new Model 3 Car unveiled April 1 at midnight. While on stage, Musk thanked the audience for buying the Model S… or else the “Model 3 would not be here this evening…” The Model 3 being Tesla’s answer for a truly “affordable electric car” priced at $35,000 for the mainstream.

🚘 Currently, Tesla Motors builds their Model S and Model X to the specifications defined by each Buyer as they order their Custom TESLAs. Currently the Tesla production-line is delivering over 4,100 Tesla cars per month, a bit over 50,000 cars/year during 2015. Next year Model S production is planned to ramp-up to 100,000 cars/year. In 2018 Tesla will begin ramping-up their new Model 3 affordable, $35,000 car for the masses, in effort to satisfy some portion of the 325,000 reservations it received within a week of the Model-3 REVEAL on 4/1/16.

🚘 That said, let’s build our Model S Car with a good selection of features, as Tesla decided that they are building each Car for each Buyer, “Build-to-Order” plan, not the reverse. Many other car manufacturers produce cars with company designed options, filling Car Lots with large inventories of Cars they Hope the folks will desire.

🚘 First Step is to decide about the 70 kWh Battery or the 90 kWh Battery. The larger 90 kWh battery pack will provide more power and greater Range (miles) per Full Charge. In gasoline terms, do we want a Larger “Fuel Tank” or a smaller one. Since Electric Vehicles are charged in one’s residential garage, and when on the highways, the number of Tesla SuperChargers, it’s charger infrastructures of 615 current Stations, is not fully developed; therefore we’d recommend the Longest-Range battery available, to mitigate the issue of fewer Fast-Fueling (Charger) locations.

🚘 Several years from now, having the Largest Battery [largest fuel tank] may be not as important a consideration, as it is today. Therefore, lets select the 90 kWh Battery. Next, do we recommend 2-wheel drive or 4-wheel drive. With the Model S there are several combinations of choices, for battery size and 2-Wheel or All-Wheel drive. The 90D gives an excellent balance of Range, Power, and 4-Wheel drive.

🚘 TESLA’s Model S 90D All-Wheel drive is Recommended as displayed above. If one desired greater performance, then the P90D could have been selected for a $20,000 premium. The Model S 90D selection is provides an excellent balance of power and range with a base price of $89,000. Let’s recommend this model.

🚘 Next, let’s select the exterior Paint Color, Interior treatments, Panoramic Roof and Wheels. Let’s pick fire engine RED for the Car’s exterior color, a $1500 extra, the panoramic all glass roof for $1500, Next Gen Leather for $2500, standard wheels, Dark Ash wood interior treatment, and the Black Headliner. This brings the Model S price to $98,000 which includes the $3000 Premium interior package shown below.

🚘 TESLA’s Model S: An Important Option to consider is their High Amp Charger package, also known as the Dual-Charger package for $1500. This electronics package is [simply] a more powerful AC-to-DC [internal, under the hood] Converter. If you do not have this High Amp package, you will be trapped at an annoyingly “Very Slow Fill Rate” particularly, when you’re in a hurry during the day. [My guess Tesla will eventually include this as “Standard” equipment.]

🚘 Think about the number of times you’re Driving around town on ÂŒTank. This High Amp Kit permits the Car to be Charged at TWICE the RPH rate (range per hour) with a Public Charger, or your Garage. (in Technical terms for your electrician, the Power requirements: a 100Amp, 240v AC dedicated circuit.) When you Plug into this high power circuit, it permits a FAST-Charge Rate of 60 miles of Range Per Hour, or 60 minutes of Charging, this is RPH. Therefore, plugging-in over night, with 3 hours of charging we’d add 180 miles of driving Range. With the 90 kWh battery, in 3-5 hours we’d get a complete Fill-Up of power for the next days’ driving. This is important, BUT more importantly, is “Filling” your TESLA at a Curb-side Public Charger for 20 miles of Range with only 20 minutes of charging. [We are now at $99,500 for this Car, but we’re not quite done. There are several other Options to consider.]

🚘 TESLA’s Model S AutoPilot Convenience Feature. This package is an on-board Software package installed onto the Car’s Computer System. The Hardware is already included with all Tesla cars. AutoPilot operates by assisting the Driver to stay in-Lane on highways, assists in changing lanes by using its 360Âș array of sensors to guide the Car when you want to change lanes, it also checks for any cars in front or you, plus left & right sides, making sure there is ample and safe distance from the car in front, and adjusting speed up-or-down, to maintain a safe margins. This system also provides for automated Parallel Parking. Tesla as been improving the Tesla onboard computer, presently up to software upgrade 7.1. Tesla will improve and upgrade the Car’s software from time to time [at 3am] when your sleeping… adding new and improved capabilities.

🚘 Tesla is committed to new innovations for its “AutoPilot” program, adding features, to enhance the Driver experience, for Public safety, plus Driver safety and convenience. Elon Musk says Tesla’s GOAL is to have their Tesla AutoPilot function as a true Autonomous-Driving experience, once fully tested and obtains Government DOT approval, said to be “achieved in several years, less than 5.” My thoughts, if we’re buying a $100k+ car, let’s spend another 2.5% and get this amazing driver-assist. Let’s include this $2500 option. [Our next article may be only about Tesla’s AutoPilot, it’s that exciting.]

🚘 TESLA’s Model S Ultra High Fidelity Sound System. Yes, let’s recommend incredible Sound for a very special Ultra-Quite Car. This system redefines the automotive audio experience, but is more than a bigger amplifier and more speakers. This is a $2500 option likely worth the added expense; having driven the Model S several months ago, the sound system gives the impression that you’ve entered a “Recording Studio Sound Stage.” Pure, Clean, Detailed, Undistorted, Sound, surrounding You and your Passengers, which otherwise is totally quite with No engine noise nor noticeable road-roar, even when driving at expressway speeds. [We are now up to a $104,500 Model S package. Almost done with Options to consider.]

🚘 TESLA’s Model S: Air Suspension is Very Smart. This package permits the Car to be intelligently elevated [further] above street grade, to handle steep driveways or undulating roads, where having greater ground-clearance is safe and beneficial. The onboard Computer system remembers where the driver made this onScreen manual elevation-adjustment; When you drive to this same GPS position, the Car will elevate automatically. When you arrive at your driveway or a restaurant, or where Passengers are unloading, the Driver can manually increase the elevation of the Car, making for an improved exit-experience for yourself, your passengers, and their baggage. We have now completed the Option-package recommendations; the Model S is priced at $108,200 including Tesla’s $1200 delivery charge and documentation costs.

🚘 TESLA’s Model S final configuration including all the chosen options are displayed in the graphic below. Recall, Tesla has chosen the Customize your Car, “Build-to-Order” business model. Our Car with the options we desire are ordered with a $2500 refundable deposit; Once your Build-to-Order Custom Car enters the Production Line your $2500 deposit, becomes non-refundable. [Buyers are notified (warned) prior to their deposit going “hard”.] Your car should be ready for delivery in about 6 weeks based on Tesla’s current back-log of orders to be filled, or thereafter if we chose a later delivery date, giving consideration for Tesla’s then Production delay.

🚘 TESLA’s Model S: Final Configuration with Recommended Options, earns an EPA rating of 99 eMPG, the “electric” equivalency of MPG. When charging the Model S with an electric-utility cost of 12Âą/kWh, our Fuel-Cost in miles driven is 3.95Âą/mile, therefore for 15,000 miles driven, the EPA has determined the Annual Cost is $690. According to the EPA in five years the total cost savings is $9,600 as compared to an equivalent Gasoline Powered car. [There is extensive testing performed by the EPA with factory interaction to establish fair EPA Disclosure stickers.]

🚘 In Sum, assuming the Federal Government continues its $7,500 Tax Incentive, combined with the $9,600 five year savings in fuel cost, we’d experience an Overall Savings of $17,100 in Five Years and if she retained the Car for 8 years, we’d save another $5,760 for 3 more years, reaching the 8-year warranty expiration. Our new Tesla Model S car’s cost is $108,200 delivered, (less $17,100 and $5,760) Savings Total of $22,860 for a Model S net cost $85,340 which had an 8 Year [unlimited milage] Battery warranty, and 8 years on the Motor and Drive unit.

Tesla Model X Purchase Summary with Options is consistent with the Model S choices outlined above. Apparently, the four items below, are Options at an extra [$6500] cost for the Model S, however, for Model X these same items are “Standard” and “included” in the base price of the Car: (A) All Glass Panoramic Roof [$1500] (B) 20″ Premium Wheels [$2500] (C) Black Alcantara Headliner (D) Smart Suspension [$2500]. If visiting http://www.Tesla.com in their Design Studio for the Model X, there are selections for added Seating for up to 7 passengers, otherwise the Model X seats 5 comfortably.

Compare Tesla Model S with Model X Physical Specifications. When examining the specifications of these two Cars, the Model X external Car Body is longer in length and wider in width; Either Car Body is attached to the exact same Wheel Base Frame. Without getting into the weeds, both Cars have the exact same wheel-base, front wheel tracking, and rear wheel tracking. However, there are nine important differences worth mentioning listed below

1⃣ Model X Curb Weight is 5,271 Pounds, Heavier by 624 pounds, surprisingly
2⃣ Model X Length, overall is 16’6″, Longer by about 2.3″
3⃣ Model X Width, overall, Mirrors folded is 7’5″, Wider by about 4.2″
4⃣ Model X Ground Clearance is 7.55″, Higher Above-Ground by 1.9″
5⃣ Model X Shoulder Room is 60.7″, Wider by 3.0″, noticeable by Big folks
6⃣ Model X Leg Room Average is 39.8″, Longer by 0.4″, no one will notice
7⃣ Model X Head Room is 41.7″, Higher by 2.9″, noticeable by Tall folks
8⃣ Model X Hip Room Rear Seats is 59.0″, Wider by 4.3″, noticeable by Big folks
9⃣ Model X Cargo Room is 77 cu.ft., Larger by 46 cu.ft. due to Hatchback design

🔋 High-Power DC Charger Stations are the future of Electric Vehicles adoption by the masses. This is the Main reason Tesla is building a huge infrastructure of SuperCharger Stations. The drive-in charger lanes deliver 120 kWh of DC directly into Tesla Cars, where you can add 170 miles of Range in 30 minutes, or 100 miles of Range in 20 minutes, etc. Cost and over-heating issues, limit the power levels an EV Car’s internal rectifier-circuit can handle in the vehicle. Therefore, for power requirements over 240vAC at 80 Amps (19.2 kWh), external charging station are more efficient delivering DC power directly into the vehicle’s LiON battery. Combine these factors with the EV industry’s desire to “Refill EV Cars quickly…”

Visit Tesla’s Charging Calculator, to change Energy cost or another parameter. (All samples displayed are set for $0.12/kWh the US average for Electricity) This Link contains the Charging Calculator, then scroll-Down to the Calculator. https://www.teslamotors.com/models-charging#/calculator.

Charging Examples displayed below Demonstrate a Residential Garage setup, using a 100A, 240v AC dedicated circuit, for charging all Tesla Models that contain the $1500 optional High Amperage Charger. This setup in the Car and in the Garage, delivers 19.2 kWh of Power into the Car’s High Amperage Charger which converts the high power AC to DC to energize the massive 1200 pound Tesla Battery pack.


🔋 Engineering Patents for AC Synchronous Motors was First Patented over 100 years ago by Nikola Tesla, who first used the “Change of Frequency of AC current” to Change the Rotational-speed of an AC Motor, today referred to as “Synchronous Motors.”

🔋 TESLA Motors use of AC Frequency-Control, is the technique used by the well known luxury Tesla Model-S Cars, actually this method is employed by all three Tesla Car Models, the S, X, and their new Model 3 that has over 325,000 reservation deposits. This frequency-control method was so impressive to Elon Musk, the enterprise named their company Tesla Motors, Inc.: http://www.tesla.com

🔋 A well known example of the use of synchronous motors, is with small household Electric Clocks. These clocks are powered by 60 cycles-per-second AC line current. The frequency of the AC power is used to drive the second-hand of these electric clocks. FYI, the frequency of 60cps AC for the entire US electric Grid, is managed by the FCC to assure the accuracy of the AC frequency, as many devices plugged-in, rely on the exactness of the frequency of 60.00000 CPS.

🔋 High Voltage DC-FAST chargers offer 50, 100, 200 RPH, range per one hour charge rates. This is 2-times, 4-times, and 8-times the Charging Rate, respectively, than the rate for available for curb-side 240v AC chargers.

🔋 Tesla Model-S is an all electric Car we view as a truly attractive Electric Car, having sold since 2012, over 125,000 TESLA cars Sold as of March, 2016. Granted a Tesla Car is three-times the price of a Nissan LEAF, Toyota’s Prius, or the Chevy Volt and Bolt; however, Electric Cars do not have to be unattractive. LEXUS Rx 450h Hybrid SUV is quite attractive, and looks the same as the Rx 350 its Gasoline counterpart, for these $45k SUVs.

🔋 TESLA SuperCharger Stations Deliver 350 Miles of Range Per Hour, RPH = 350, an acronym in the Electric Car Industry. Tesla Stations have 6 drive-in lanes on average proprietary charger stations for Tesla Cars, (Model S, Model X & Model 3).

🔋 Tesla SuperCharger Stations will only accept Tesla Cars as Tesla Motors owns the Stations, where the charging is Free for Tesla Car owners. Each charger-lane delivers 120 kWh of Power: 400vDC at 300Amps, flowing directly into the car’s LiON battery. There’s no AC to DC conversion, as the Power is already DC. The Super-High-Power DC Electricity flows into Tesla’s LiOn battery. DC current-flow is regulated real-time by the Car’s internal computer system. The SuperCharger Station chargers deliver about 5.5 Miles of Range per Minute of charging, or 170 Miles of Range in 30 minutes. 5.5 Miles of Range per Minute.

âžĄïž Tesla Cars’ Electronics Rapid-Charger Package internally, permits selection of the Power-Type (AC or DC), and Power-Rating, as all Tesla Cars accepts a Charge from a number of power-types and sources, using the Tesla charging Plug and Cable or by using an Adapter. If a Tesla driver chooses to charge at a Public curb-side pylon charger, the driver would need either a J1772 adapter for AC Power or a CHAdeMO adapter for DC Power, both Power Adapters supplied by Tesla Motors for $600. Until Tesla has time to expand its network of SuperCharger Stations, it may be advisable to have both Power Adapters in the Trunk in the event you are driving in rural locations outside TESLA’s charger network.

âžĄïž Tesla Super-Charger Garage Charger setup for Tesla owners, require an electrician to create a separate 240vAC 100 Amp, 19.2 kWh hard-wired circuit. For this Wall-Mounted Super-Charger setup, 19.2 kWh of AC power is converted in the Car into DC power, which “Flows” into the LiON Battery. This Super-Charger 19.2 kWh Residential Garage charger setup delivers about 1 Mile of Range per Minute of charging, or 60 Miles of Range per Hour.

âžĄïž All Tesla Car Models have an internal Rapid-Charger Electronics Package that permits rapid charging using the 100 Amp 240v AC, 19.2 kWh electrical Service. (Previously, the 19.2 kWh Electronics Rapid-Charge Package, displayed at left, was an option that had to be ordered when the Car was purchased, at an extra cost. Today this internal Rapid-Charger Package is Tesla “Standard” equipment for all Models as of January, 2016). TESLA’s onboard Computer continuously manages the DC Current-Flow, generally requiring 3-to-5 hours for a rapid residential “Fill-Up.” Delivers about 1 Mile of Range per Minute

âžĄïž Tesla Cars use its internal onboard-charger which converts AC-to-DC power, using TESLA’s Wall-Mounted Garage Charger. This setup connected to a standard 240vAC, 40A circuit, a Clothes DRYER Outlet. Tesla provides a “Dryer Plug” adapter with the Car, permitting you to plug directly into your standard Dryer outlet, a 9.6 kWh circuit. For Tesla’s home charger setups, 240vAC, 9.6 kWh Power is converted in the Car into DC power which “Flows” into the LiON Battery. TESLA’s onboard Computer continuously manages the DC Current-Flow, generally requiring 6-to-10 hours for an overnight “Fill-Up,” or about 5 Miles of Range every 10 minutes.

âžĄïž Tesla Drivers should be familiar with Charger-Types and Miles of Range for each ONE Hour of charging will be added into the Car’s Battery. Listed below are two currently available Residential Wall-Mounted Chargers: 1⃣ and 2⃣ are 240v AC chargers; followed by high-power DC chargers that are commercially available: 3⃣, 4⃣ and 5⃣ are 400v DC chargers. Recall, RPH refers to the number of Miles of Range that can be added into your Battery for each One Hour of charging, abbreviated as RPH = Range Per Hour. If time is important, these RPH values may be proportional. For example, if a Tesla Driver arrives at 5⃣ a TESLA SuperCharger Station and only has 30 minutes available for charging, then the Tesla Car would receive about 175 Miles of Range in 30 minutes.

1⃣ Tesla Home Garage Circuit, 9.6 kWh at 40 Amps AC, delivers 25 RPH
2⃣ Tesla Home Garage Circuit, 19.2 kWh at 80 Amps AC, delivers 50 RPH
3⃣ ChargePoint Express-100, 25 kWh at 62 Amps DC, delivers 100 RPH
4⃣ ChargePoint Express-200, 50 kWh at 125 Amps DC, delivers 200 RPH
5⃣ Tesla SuperCharger Station 120 kWh at 300 Amps DC, delivers 350 RPH

âžĄïž TESLA Cars can receive charging from a variety of station configurations, Public and Private, some are Free, some requiring a $Fee, available in two current types (AC or DC), delivering a range of power capacities

1⃣ Lower Power 240v AC at 9.6 kWh in Driver’s Garage & Public curb-side pylons
2⃣ Medium Power 240v AC at 19.2 kWh in Driver’s Garage & Public curb-side pylons
3⃣ High Power 400v DC at 25kWh, 50kWh, 120 kWh Charger Stations

âžĄïž Below is a summary of Stations and Chargers that Tesla Car Drivers should be familiar with.

1⃣ Residential Garage Set-ups with 40Amp or 80 Amp 240vAC circuits delivering moderate power of 9.6 kWh to 19.2 kWh delivering 25 RPH to 50 RPH charging rates
2⃣ Public Curb-Side Pylons chargers or Wall-Mounted chargers both provided by ChargePoint and other private retail stations with over 40,000 domestic locations
3⃣ Tesla SuperCharger Stations, delivering the highest Range Per Hour charging, with over 600 locations


🔋 Tesla’s Model-3 REVEAL Show was presented by ELON MUSK on March 31st at 9pm PDT, two weeks ago. The Model-3 is redefining what an affordable, $35,000 Electric Car looks and drives. Within just ONE week, Tesla received over 325,000 Reservation Deposits for the Model-3, everyone knowing the Model-3 will not begin to emerge from the Production Line until “…Late 2017…” According to Elon Musk during his presentation.

🔋 Five Video Clips have been selected to give you the story in the best venue possible. As the ancient proverb goes: “…a Picture is worth a thousand words…,” then these Videos represent an entire Textbook. If you were to only watch a clip or two, select the select #1 and #4. The item #5 is Elon Musk’s presentation. Once you visualize #1 clip, you will be motivated to see all of them.

🚘 1. Front Seat Camera – Model-3 Test Drive: http://youtu.be/TiWOKBMTDvc
🚘 2. Front Seat Camera – Model-3 Test Drive: https://youtu.be/16SWVS56aZU
🚘 3. Rear Seat Camera – Model-3 Test Drive: http://youtu.be/yTRL5u57ukE
🚘 4. Hidden Features of – Model-3 Test Drive: http://youtu.be/Qr2FaDh-Hlg
🚘 5. Stage Center Show – Model-3 REVEAL: http://youtu.be/dmKvuRw4up4


🔋 Tesla SuperCharger Stations employs high-Voltage (400v), high-Amperage (300 Amp), resulting in high-Power (120kWh), Super Fast charging. These dedicated Charging Stations deliver a strong 120 kWh DC Charge, directly into the Tesla LiON Battery. The SuperCharger Stations bypass the usual AC to CD conversion found in other Public Charging Pylons.

🔋 Public Curb-Side ChargePoint Chargers, for example, Level-2 chargers, 240v 30 Amp AC (6.6 kWh Power) is delivered into the EV Car’s charging-port. AC-to-DC conversion occurs within the EV Car’s internal system, as with Home “Dryer Plug” setups. Level-1 chargers deliver 120vAC into the EV Cars. ChargePoint Charger Pylons with their SAE-J1772 Plug accommodate Chrysler, GM, Ford, Toyota, Honda, Nissan, and Tesla EV Cars.

🔋 As displayed on the Green Charging Profile Graph, with Tesla Super-Charger Stations, an 80% charge-level (170 miles of Range) can be added to the Battery in only 30 minutes, or 100 Miles of Range can be added to the Battery in about 20 minutes.

🔋 As the Tesla LiON Battery nears the 80% charge-level, TESLA’s onboard Computer controls the charging rate, by gradually reducing the current-flow into the LiON Battery to a low-optimum-level charging cycle.

(A) Complete remaining 20% charge process
(B) Top-off the LiON Cells in low-power mode
(C) LiON Battery receives gentile charging process
(D) Permits a slow charge for remaining 20%
(E) Cool-Down Period for 30 minutes while charging
(F) LiON Battery has been receiving 120 kWh charging-power causing temperature increase of the battery
(G) TESLA’s onboard Computer activates the battery’s Fluid-Circulation System
(H) Fluid-Circulation System controls internal temperature of LiON Cell Array which contains over 7,100 LiON Cells, each slightly larger than an standard AA Battery
(J) Heat-Exchanger (an air-over Radiator) circulates Fluid from the LiON Battery, to the front of the EV Car’s “Radiator” then circulates back to the Battery in a sealed system, removing any excess heat from LiON battery.

🔋 Charging a LiON Battery is like Filling a Glass with Carbonated Soda without it Fizzing over. Fill the glass of Soda to 80% full; then allow the fizzing to settle, thereafter reduce Soda-flow, steadily preventing bubble-over, and overfill. In LiON battery terms, this is similar to reducing the current-flow (limiting the kWh level) in order to balance cell-voltage and cell temperature, ultimately tapering down to a trickle as it nears 100% full.

🔋 The Tesla EV Charging-Profile recommends charging the Tesla LiON battery to 80% to save time, which typically adds enough Mile-Range (170 miles) to reach the next Supercharger station on your journey, or to arrive at your garage (charger). SuperCharging requires 30-40 minutes to achieve an 80% charge level. Charging the final 20% requires another 30 minutes to achieve a Full 100% Charge. Most folks may not desire to “hang-out” at the Charging Station for 60-70 minutes. Tesla attempts to Build its Super-Charger Stations near Malls or Coffee Shops to accommodate Tesla drivers, while they wait for the charging to complete.

🔋 Using the Tesla Supercharger is as easy as using your Garage’s Wall Connector. Simply plug the cable into the Car’s port, walk away, open your Tesla iPhone App, and in approximately 30 minutes, check your Tesla Car’s LCD Control for the charge Level attained.

🔋 Tesla Motors Software Engineers created a very useful iPhone APP (available Free at the App Store) to view your Tesla Car’s Charging Progress remotely, if you are walking around the Mall or having Coffee or Lunch near the Station. The Tesla Car 17″ LCD display monitors your Model-S charging progress; but the Car also transmits the charging status securely with WiFi to your iPhone, transmitting the Charge-Level that the Station added enough (or not) Range in Miles, to get to your Destination, or if you’re on a Trip, the next Charging station.

🔋 Tesla’s iPhone APP is a very convenient connection to your Tesla Car. When launched your iPhone becomes a Remote Control and Status Monitor of your Tesla Car, from anywhere 20 feet to 2000 miles from your Car. This may be used for Checking on your Charging-Progress when you’re “plugged-in” to a Charger Station and a variety of purposes as listed below. This iPhone APP connects to your Tesla Car using the Internet.

🔋 Every Tesla Electric Car has its own separate Internet Connection. This connectivity used routinely by (A) TESLA’s APP to communicate your Car’s information and for you to send commands like “Flash the Head-Lights” and (B) Tesla Motors Engineers to DownLoad new Software updates for the TESLA Car’s Operating System when they become available. For example, software version 7.1 enabled a new ‘Summon’ feature that lets drivers Park or Retrieve their cars using AutoPilot, with no Driver inside the Car. Tesla can automatically update your Car’s software at night when you are resting. This Internet connectivity is the connection that the iPhone App logs into to accomplish the items listed below.

✔ Verify your Car’s Charging Progress from anywhere
✔ Cool your Car while you are finishing a Lunch meeting, so it’s Cool before driving (or Heated), if it’s parked at Street Curb or if its Parked in a Garage
✔ Locate your Car with detailed directions
✔ Track your Car on a Map as its being Driven by others
✔ Flash the Car’s Headlights or Honk the Horn, to help you Locate your Car when Parked in a crowded Lot
✔ Vent the Car or Close the its Panoramic roof
✔ Lock or unlock your Car from anywhere
✔ For More information visit: http://www.TeslaMotors.com

🔋 All Model-S, Model-X and Model-3 delivered after July, 2015 includes the Super-Charging electronics package, as “Standard” equipment. Prior to this date the SuperCharger package was a $2500 option. This internal circuitry delivers 80A @ 240vAC from your Garage power Box, into the Car; The Tesla’s internal SuperCharger package converts this AC power to 400vDC for delivery into the LiON battery.

🔋 Tesla SuperCharger Stations vs. Tesla Car’s internal Super-Charger. For clarity, Tesla has installed over 600 Super-Charger Stations for use by Tesla drivers. These stations are the most powerful (120 kWh) and the quickest method to “Fill” the LiON Battery with Power. The AC to DC conversion occurs at the Charger’s Pylon. For Residential, Office, and Destination “Super-Charger” installations, the 80A at 240vAC, or 19.2 kWh of AC power, is delivered into the Vehicle. With these Chargers 240v AC is delivered into the Cars charging port. The AC to DC conversion occurs inside the Tesla Car’s Super-Charger electronics package housed internally.

🔋 SuperCharging takes advantage of the unique Tesla LiON Battery Architecture that makes Model-S P90D for example, the quickest sedan in the world, accelerating from 0-to-60 mph in 2.8 seconds. This acceleration requires a Strong Power-Draw from the Car’s LiON battery, powering the front and rear electric Motors. The connections, cell chemistry, and the battery cooling system, are all engineered to “move massive levels of power” from the battery to the front and rear electric motors, during Hard Accelerations and for Up-Hill driving.

🔋 Driving causes Battery Discharging. Charging uses the Car’s power-systems to move electric energy quickly into the Battery. When Driving power moves from LiON battery to energize the Tesla Car motors and other systems such as AirConditioning and Lighting. Super-Charging utilizes the car’s LiON capacity to flow a similar amount of power back into the battery through the dedicated high voltage cables. The car’s onboard computer constantly monitors the battery during both driving and charging to ensure that Tesla EV Car performs at peak levels.

🔋 Tesla SuperCharger Station are capable of charging at 120 kWh of Power. Presently no other commercially available EV charging stations offer this high-power charging level. Tesla SuperChargers, the charge received, equates to adding 170 miles of Range to the Battery achieved in just 30 minutes at the station. Public charging stations provide 6.6 kWh and 18 kWh, known as Level-2 stations, offering significantly lower charging rates, as compared to Tesla’a 120 kWh chargers. Additionally, there is another system called “DC Fast” which charges at 44 kWh using the CHAdeMO Plug. Tesla Cars may connect to these other systems using the SAE-J1772 Adapter or the CHAdeMO Adaptor, that Tesla offers to Model-S drivers for a total $600 cost for both adapters.

🔋 ChargePoint Public Charging Stations. ChargePoint branded charging stations is the Nations largest network for EV Car charging. Five years ago ChargePoint received Private Funding and Federal/State Grants to help create their Nationwide Electric Charging Infrastructure. Presently ChargePoint services the 600,000 Nissan Leaf EVs, Chevy Volts & Bolts, VWs, and BMWs on the Road.

🔋 Public Charging Stations – ChargePoint’s over 27,000 Public Charger Pylons are available Nationwide. They Charge at a Rating of Level-2, which Charges at 6.6 kWh Power Capacity, each using the SAE-J1772 Receptacle, used by most or all of the (non-Tesla) EVs commercially available in the US.

🔋 ChargePoint Express offers two high-power Chargers commercially available. ChargePoint Express 100 is a 24kW output, wall-mounted stations that charges at a rate of up to 100 RPH (miles of Range Per Hour), and ChargePoint Express 200 is a 50kW output (Bollard) Pylon-Pole stations that charges at a rate of up to 200 RPH (miles of Range Per Hour).

🔋 The Express 200 Chargers have dual cable-connectors, to serve two clients simultaneously, where station owners can attract and serve all EVs with faster charging capabilities. As Electric propulsion Cars become mainstream, more chargers with faster charging capabilities will emerge to the benefit of all drivers. In a few years, the electric car driver will have almost as many “Filler-Up” Electric stations as Gas stations.

🔋 ChargePoint has created an iPhone APP to help precisely Locate all of their Charging Locations in the US, and displays whether the station is “Free Power” (or not) showing the Cost-per-Hour ranging from Free, to $3/hour or $5/hour; ChargePoint provides a loyalty card that you may Load with your Funds securely on-line. Some of the Pylons will accept a variety of Credit Cards and NFC payment methods.

🔋 The ChargePoint App is very easy to use. With the iPhone’s touch-screen you can pinch-zoom, in or out, to display a street-resolution showing exactly where the ChargePoint Pylon is located within several feet. The Map displays the site location with a Green Arrow showing you exactly where the Station is located, and pin-points Your Location using the iPhone’s GPS, showing the Miles needed to get to these stations in your area.

🔋 If the Stations are “available” the station-icon is a Green Circle, if one or more of the Pylons are available or occupied otherwise the Circle is All or Partially Gray if stations are occupied. Very intuitive with ⭐ Ratings and remarks regarding the Station Manager’s helpfulness if they are owned by a Car dealer or a Retail Store, for example. Otherwise many of the ChargePoint Pylon locations may be installed Street-Side or in Garages with no attendant.

🔋 ChargePoint Stations charge at Level-2 Rated 6.6 kWh Power capacity. Level-2 Charging Stations deliver about 10 Miles of Range for each ONE hour of charging. This represents only 5.88% of the Charging-Rate that Tesla SuperCharger 120 kWh Power Stations deliver, at NO cost to Tesla Drivers. Tesla SuperCharger Stations deliver 170 Mile Range in 30 Minutes.

🔋 Incidentally, TESLA created an Adapter for your Tesla Car, a SAE-J1772 adapter for $95 cost, to permit you to Charge your Tesla Car at any of ChargePoint’s 27,000 Pylons, if you are in need of a slow-charge. Adding 10 miles of Range/Hour, is better than not getting charged if you’re in need. This adapter is easy to connect to ChargePoint’s Power Cord Plug, with the other end of the Adapter fitted to your Tesla Car’s Charging Receptacle. Each end of the SAE-J1772 Adapter are visibly quite different, so you cannot make a mistake when attaching this adapter.

🔋 Now we know why TESLA named its 120 kWh Charging Stations, SuperCharger Stations. Tesla said it will have over 7,000 Tesla SuperCharger stations and 15,000 Destination Chargers by the time the Model-3 begins to roll-off the Production line (by 12/2017). Presently, in the US, Europe, and Asia Tesla has created its own infrastructure (at no charging cost to Tesla Drivers) of 613 SuperCharger Stations housing 3,628 Charger Pylons in these Stations, an average of 6 Charging Lanes per Station.

🔋 In Sum, there are many factors that affect actual Charge Rate performance, regarding the LiON Battery’s condition including

(A) Exterior ambient temperature of the surroundings (Summer or Winter)
(B) Battery internal temperature
(C) Battery Attrition, after 100k miles driven, capacity reduces to 92% of new
(D) Electric Utility power-grid restrictions
(E) Charging Traffic in your Vicinity, brown-outs, plus other factors
(F) Tesla and ChargePoint are constantly incorporating owner-feedback into its maintenance, research, and development efforts to improve Drivers’ Charging experience.

🔋 TESLA SuperCharger Stations are currently the most powerful charging stations delivering 120 kWh of DC energy into Tesla Cars using their own proprietary Plug and Cable. Applying this energy factor, Tesla SuperCharger Stations deliver 350 RPH (350 miles of range for a One Hour of charging). Presently Tesla Stations charge their Car Batteries at Full Charger Power until the battery reaches 80%, then the Car’s onBoard Computer reduces the charging-rate for the remaining 20% until a Full Charge is achieved.

🔋 Today, TESLA’s largest Battery is 90 kWh capacity, with an EPA rated range of 255 Milage Range on the Model S with 4-Wheel Drive, Front & Rear Motors. Since Tesla SuperCharger stations, charges at a 350 RPH, once the battery reaches 205 miles of range, with the 90 kWh battery, the Car’s computer system reduces the charging-rate. Therefore if you arrived at the SuperCharger with 35 Miles remaining in the LiON battery, then within 30 minutes you’d add 170 miles of range, bringing your total range to 205 miles. Beyond 205 Miles of Range, the charging-rate reduces as the Battery will be at 80% of Full.

🔋 TESLA’s SuperCharger Stations have a greater charging capacity than TESLA’s largest LiON Battery currently. When Tesla batteries in the future have an EPA rated 440 Mile Range, then their SuperCharger stations will be able to add 350 Miles of range with a One Hour charge. Note, 350/440 equals 80%. At 80% of Full, is the point at which the Tesla Car will begin limiting the charging-rate for the 20% balance, to reach Fully Charged.

🔋 Tesla Model-S with 85 kWh Battery achieved 400 Range on a Single Charge. Note the EPA states, the Model S with 85 kWh LiON battery, 2-Wheel Rear Drive Motor, the City/Highway milage is 88 eMPG City, 90 eMPG Highway, with an EPA rated Range of 265 Miles. The Driver was able to drive 400.1 miles on relatively flat rural Florida roads, on a cool day, with very few stops. TESLA’s Dash Board was photographed showing the milage. We’ve added an expanded “bubble” shown in larger type, the milage seen in Green Car Reports’ article. Owner, David Metcaff continued to drive another 18 miles before the battery was “empty” for a total range of 423 Miles. To read the entire article in Green Car Reports visit: http://goo.gl/c27dJq

🔋 TESLA studying the state of the EV industry, designed their own Proprietary Charging Plug & Socket for their New TESLA Electric Cars, for the convenience of their Drivers; After visualizing the Huge CHAdeMO Plug, Tesla new that following this industrial consortium was “not in the cards.” Apparently Tokyo Electric Company had too much influence on the Consortium of Nissan, Chevrolet, VW, and BMW, in 2010 when designing and agreed to the CHAdeMO Plug & Socket.

🔋 CHAdeMO Plug & Socket designed to Energize EV Cars using DC Current, by a Consortium of EV Car Manufacturers and the Tokyo Power Company resulted in a Relatively Huge arrangement. Look at the size of the CHAdeMO “nozzle” compared to the service attendant’s hand.

🔋 How did the CHAdoMO Plug, Socket, and Cable standards emerge for the Electric Car industry? Consumer’s demand for rapid battery charging of their EV Cars, was accommodated by the power companies and the automotive industries establishing agreed upon “Standards” (circa 2010).

🔋 CHAdeMO was formed by Nissan, Mitsubishi, Subaru, Toyota, and Tokyo Electric Power Company, by forming a consortium to standardize the DC connector Plug and Socket for the quick charging of Electric Vehicles (EV). Most electric vehicles (EVs) have an on-board charger that uses a rectifier-circuit to transform AC electricity into DC (direct current) suitable for recharging EV’s LiON batteries.

🔋 CHAdeMO standards established the power-level and type of current. The consortium agreed that the “standard” for the High-Voltage parameter would be DC, direct current of up to 500vDC, and High-Current limit of 125 Amps. Additionally the CHAdeMO direct current, DC PLUG and SOCKET would be the connectors, for all “fast charging” DC Fueling Stations, and Sockets would be universally employed by all the EV automobile manufacturers. Without these standards in place there would be chaos between EV car manufactures and companies manufacturing the High-Power Chargers for fueling stations.

🔋 Look at the Massive size of the CHAdeMO plug; my guess is the Tokyo Power Company had an undue influence on the group, as they agreed to the standards 6 years ago.

🔋🛱🔋 The Magic Inside TESLA Model-S Powerful LiON Battery 🔋🛱🔋

🔋 Introduction to TESLA’s Model-S, for those unfamiliar with TESLA’s Electric Propulsion Cars. For those who can afford $85,000+ Luxury Car, or for the many a $35,000 Model-3. 2016 is a game changer for Tesla, offering what a traditional combustion-engine luxury sedans do, without the harmful Emissions and Likely Expensive Gasoline Fill’Ups.

🔋 EPA has determined, Tesla Electric Cars earn a Milage Rating of 99eMPG Combined, 104eMPG City ||| 98eMPG Highway. eMPG is the petroleum-fuel-equivalency, for rating Electric Powered Cars. The 3 TESLA’s Electric Propulsion Cars, the Model-S, Model-X, and the new Model-3, Avg Cost is 4Âą per Mile Driven for all Tesla Electric Cars, see EPA Chart below).

🔋 Fuel Cost for TESLA’s Electric Propulsion Cars. Today’s Cost of Electricity averages 12Âą per Kilowatt Hour [according to the EPA]. The Cost to operate TESLA’s Electric Cars at 12Âą/kWh is on average $725 for 15,000 miles driven (see EPA chart below), which equals 4Âą per Mile Driven for Tesla LiON Electric Propulsion Cars (with No exhaust fumes containing CO₂, CO, and No Noxious Gasses and Soot discharged into our atmosphere).

🛱 Fuel Cost for Gasoline Powered Cars, average New Car consumes 22MPG, miles per gallon [EPA findings]. Therefor, for each 15,000 miles driven, 700 Gallons [rounded] of gasoline are consumed (with Exhaust Fumes containing CO₂, CO, Noxious Gasses, and Soot that are discharged into the atmosphere). If current gasoline prices are $2.00 per gallon, then the Cost to drive 15,000 miles is $1,400 or 9.33± per Mile Driven with Gasoline Engine Powered Cars.

🛱 Several Years ago Gasoline prices were over $4.00 per Gallon; We may likely experience similar increased Gasoline prices again in a few years. Therefor, for 15,000 miles driven, and 700 Gallons of Gas purchased (EPA: 22mpg New Cars) the Gasoline Cost would increase to $2,800 (for $4.00/Gallon Gasoline). This equates to 18.7± Fuel Cost per Mile Driven. Notice the examples below for Retail Price/Gallon of Gasoline followed by Cost of Electricity/kWh and their respective Driving Cents/Mile.

🛱 Gasoline Powered Cars: 22mpg EPA New Cars: Fuel Cost per Mile Driven

🛱 $2.00 / Gallon: Fuel Cost to Drive: 9.33± / Mile Driven
🛱 $3.00 / Gallon: Fuel Cost to Drive: 14.0± / Mile Driven
🛱 $4.00 / Gallon: Fuel Cost to Drive: 18.7± / Mile Driven
🛱 $5.00 / Gallon: Fuel Cost to Drive: 23.3± / Mile Driven
🛱 $6.00 / Gallon: Fuel Cost to Drive: 28.0± / Mile Driven

🔋 TESLA Electric Propulsion Cars: 90kWh LiON Battery: Cost / Mile Driven

🔋 TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 11± / kWh: 4.00± / Mile Driven
🔋 TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 12± / kWh: 4.44± / Mile Driven
🔋 TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 13± / kWh: 4.83± / Mile Driven
🔋 TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 14± / kWh: 5.21± / Mile Driven
🔋 TESLA Electric Cars: Electricity Cost 15± / kWh: 5.58± / Mile Driven

🛱 Gasoline price fluctuations, do not directly relate to the current 12Âą/kWh Electrical Power Costs to the Public. A significant portion of Nation’s Electrical Power Generation is fueled by four main sources other than the thousands of Petroleum (Oil or Diesel) Fueled Power Plants, plus a number of Geo Thermal, Wind and Solar Powered Plants, according to current EPA statistics:

(A) 99 Nuclear Power Reactors in 30 States
(B) 557 Coal Powered Electric Power Plants
(C) 7,304 Natural Gas Powered Electric Plants, plus
(D) 2,540 HydroElectric Powered Dams in the USA.

🔋🛱🔋 Model-S came to fruition in 2012, it being the first attractive, modern, powerful, all-electric propulsion, 4 door, 5 passenger Sedan. All Model-S sedans have the same body as one would expect in a seat five passenger car. Cargo space is available under the front hood (which Tesla calls a “frunk,” a wordsmith for “front trunk”).

🔋🛱🔋 TESLA in October 2014 the upgraded Model-S P85D, (D for dual-motors) was introduced. The upgraded Model-S versions feature two electric motors, the primary motor powers the rear-wheels as in all prior versions, and a second electric motor powers the front wheels, coordinated by computer control. Model-S dual-motor versions available for the basic 85 kWh, and now the 90kWh versions.

🔋🛱🔋 TESLA introduced the Model S 70D as its new $75,000 entry-level car in April 8, 2015, with all-wheel drive and an improved range of 240 miles (MPC miles per charge). The 85D, an AWD car with greater range, and the P85D, the high-power rear drive unit is retained, while a new front drive motor boosts the total power by about 50%.

🔋🛱🔋 Four-Wheel Drive electric propulsion results in a significant increase in acceleration and top speed. The 85 kWh version is $86,070, while the P85D is $105,670. Deliveries of the P85D started in December 2014, with the 85D models starting in February 2015, and the 70D models starting in April 2015.

🔋🛱🔋 TESLA’s Cars, with a 0-to-60-mph accelerating time ranging from under 6 seconds for the Model-3, and for the Model-S, 0-to-60-mph ranges from 4.4 seconds to 2.8 seconds, these TESLA Models are Winning over the most skeptical folks, there are over 110,000 Tesla electric Cars presently on the road, plus 325,000+ reservations for their new Model-3, to commence Production in “Late 2017” according to TESLA.

🔋🛱🔋 Elon Musk may be considered the 21st Century’s “combination” of Thomas Edison and Henry Ford. In 2016 Tesla Model-3, Model-S, and Model-X electric-performance sedans, Musk has created not only a viable alternative to the traditional combustion-engine Cars, but a Line of Vehicles that have Captured the Public’s imagination. With their sleek design, impressive range, and varied performance upgrade packages, these three Models should “scare the heck out of OPEC.”

🔋🛱🔋 Tesla has also taken the Bold Steps of building its own Tesla Charger Station Infrastructure, Nationally and Globally. Tesla is Installing a network of “Supercharger” charging stations ($350k each) at strategic locations across the country. TESLA’s performance abilities dwarf some supercars and at prices well in line with most mid-size and full-size luxury sedans, arguments support owning any of TESLA’s three Models.

🔋🛱🔋 Currently Tesla has 613 Supercharger Stations with 3,628 Superchargers (an average of 6 per charging station) in operation as of 2016, plus thousands of Destination Chargers, Tesla Chargers that are installed on private Resorts, Hotels, and Shopping Centers, to accommodate their guests and shoppers.

🔋🛱🔋 TESLA’s Model-S luxury 4-Door Sedan contains a 85 kWh battery-pack weighing 1,200 pounds, containing 7,104 lithium-ion (LiON) battery cells, housed in 16 modules

🔋🛱🔋 (âžĄïž) 85 kWh Battery Contains an Array of 7,104 LiON Cells, divided into 16 Modules
(A) 16 Modules (with 444 LiON Cells each) wired in Series
(B) 1 Module contains 6 Groups, wired in Series
(C) 1 Group contains 74 cells, wired in Parallel
(D) 85kWh Battery has 7,104 LiON Cells = (16x6x74)
(E) 1 Module Delivers 25vDC @ 212.5 Amps
(F) 16 Modules Deliver 400vDC @ 212.5 Amps
(G) LiON Battery Power: 400v X 212.5A = 85kWh
(H) Commencing June 2012, the 85kWh battery pack is modified with Panasonic LiON cells using Nickel-Cobalt-Aluminum Cathodes.

🔋🛱🔋 Physical size for each LiON cell complies with “18650” industry standard size (Cell Cylinder size = 18 mm diameter, by 65 mm high), similar to the Panasonic NCR18650B Cell with an energy density of 265 Wh/kg.

🔋🛱🔋 LiON Battery Cost is estimated to be 20% of Model-S car cost. The LiON battery Warranty is 8-Years, with unlimited milage. The separate Battery Replacement guarantee takes effect after 8-year Warranty, at a cost of $12,000 for 85 kWh battery. List price for a Replacement Battery is $44,000 without guarantee.

🔋🛱🔋 TESLA’s 85 kWh Battery’s Warranty is 8-years with unlimited milage. A survey of Model-S owners indicate the accumulated battery-loss is about 5% for the first 30,000 miles, thereafter capacity attrition is 1% for next 30,000 miles, and Down 1% for each additional 30,000 miles.

🔋🛱🔋 Tesla’s LiON Battery Capacity Attrition Rate is 92.5% for the first 100k Miles Driven: At the completion of the 2nd 100,000 miles driven, the LiON battery capacity reduces by another 3.5% for a Total Attrition of 89% Capacity after 200,000 miles are driven as compared to the LiON Battery’s initial charge-capacity. TESLA’s “battery guarantee” does not specify any excessive-battery-capacity-attrition limitation.

🔋🛱🔋 Battery Attrition in Perspective. The typical Driver travels about 12,000 miles to 15,000 miles per Year. Therefor to Drive 100,000 miles it would take the average driver from 6.6 years to 8.3 years, for an overall average of 13,500 miles driven per Year. This equals 7.4 years for the average driver to reach 100,000 Miles driven. This math is likely how TESLA arrived at its Tesla 8-Year Warranty for the Battery and Drive-Chain and there is no milage limitation for the 8 year Warranty Period.

🔋🛱🔋 Model-S LiON Battery as of July 2015, has been increased to a capacity of 90 kWh, replacing the 85 kWh battery. The 90 kWh battery represents a 6% Energy Increase due to “improved cell chemistry” plus the introduction of Silicon into the Graphite cell’s Anode.

🔋🛱🔋 Battery Capacity – Tesla anticipates an improvement in Battery Capacity of 5% per Year, for future LiON Batteries, because of improvements in the LiON’s chemistry and Anode/Cathode metals employed. Tesla also noted the P90D LiOn Battery for the Model-S has its main battery conductor protected by a Main Fuse rated at an astounding 1,500 Amps @ 600 VDC.

🔋🛱🔋 Examination of the Lion Battery. As noted, there are 7,104 individual LiOn battery Cells contained in the overall Battery Array. When disassembling the 85kWh battery, the container is totally sealed with adhesives and bolts.

🔋🛱🔋 LiON Battery, contains a “Fluid Circulation System” used internally inside the overall Battery Case. Each Module container of 444 LiON cells, are submerged and sealed with a “non-conductive” Fluid, identified as Ethylene Glycol a major component of automotive “AntiFreeze.”

🔋🛱🔋 The Purposes of the Fluid-Circulation-System is to (1) Maintain a relatively Consistent Temperature inside each of the Modules containing 444 LiON Cells. (2) The Fluid-System is also linked to a Heat Exchanger System (“radiator panels”) is center-mounted at the Lower-Front of the Car’s grill. In the event the temperature of the 16 LiON Modules exceed nominal levels, the Fluid-System permits circulation to the Front Mounted Radiator Panels, otherwise the heat-conductive Fluid circulates among the 16 Modules.

🔋🛱🔋 LiON Cell Environmental Ambient-Temperature Maintenance is important when the Car LiON Battery is being (1) Charged, particularly with a Super-Charger Station, or (2) when the LiON Battery experiences Heavy Power draws during high rates of Acceleration, “Peddle to the Metal situations.”

🔋🛱🔋 LiON Cellular Safety Disconnects. Notice the very thin electrical wire connections from the Top of each of the 7,104 LiON cells to the Module’s conductor electrical structure (identified with a White Arrow). Apparently the gauge of this Wire and the Wire’s-material, serves as a “Power Limiting Fuse” carefully engineered to “breakup” or “burn through” when any individual LiON Cell experiences an overload when being Charged or Discharged as it delivers Power from the Array to the Motor-Drives or the Charger-Circuit. Think of this as 7,104 individual “Fuses” protecting each of the 16 Modules, from an Over-Load due to the “Failure” of any single LiON cell.

🔋🛱🔋 LiOn Module Controller. Consider this, in the event 1 LiON cell Over-Heats and Shorts internally, it’s wire-fuse “burns-outs”, removing itself from the Module’s Array. There is an onboard Computer-Control Circuit Board connected to and Monitoring each of the 16 Modules, that’s housing 444 LiON cells contained in each Module. These 16 Computer-Controllers independently monitors the 444 Cell modules collectively, as to Power Usage, Charging Rate, Power Capacity, Voltage, Voltage Drop, and Internal Ambient Temperature. If any of these measurements become “Out-of-Normal” Range, a visual Alarm is delivered to the Car’s master Computer, issuing a Dash Board Warning, and recording the condition[s], time, and date into the Car’s internal Service Log, for the Service Technicians to assess.

🔋🛱🔋 One LiON Cell Fails. In the Event ONE (or More) of the Module’s 444 LiON cells removes itself from the Module’s Array, the Module would have 443 active LiOn cells remaining, then the Module is operating at 99.77% of rated capacity. The Math (443/444)x100. Also the power-rating of the entire LinOn Battery Array of 16 Modules, would also be reduced from 7104 cells to 7103 active cells, resulting in a Power reduction to 99.986% of Battery’s Overall rated capacity, an almost immeasurable difference. There are no publicly available records found as to how many LiOn individual Cells become “Fused Out” of the Battery over time, or during the Warranty period. Precision manufacturing and quality control issues are important factors to be aware of for future Battery Engineering.

🚘 TESLA Model-3 Reservations Surpassed 325,000 Cars in One Week – $14 Billion in Production, Starting “Late 2017” in 20 Months

🚘 Tesla announced Thursday that it has now surpassed 325,000 Reservations with Deposits of $1,000/Car (an increase of +49,000 Cars from Tesla’s Elon Musk’s Tweet just 4 Days ago).

🚘 TESLA had its Model-3 REVEAL to an enthusiastic crowd, on location and Live-Streamed to Millions on-line, the unveiling of the Model 3 late Thursday, March 31st at 11pm. Yes, truly only 7 days ago.

🚘 Tesla successfully caused 325,000 enthusiastic people to Reserve the Model-3 Car with refundable $1000 deposits. Wonderful, but
(A) Reservations should be converted into Contracts 90 days prior to delivery
(B) Average Price of Model-3 Estimate with options is $43,000
(C) Tesla should collect “at risk” deposits 90 days prior to Delivery
(D) Will Tesla Deliver & Closes Model-3 Car in reasonable time-frame
(E) Tesla says: “…it will generate [in 20 months, (12/2017) Enough Revenues [about $14 Billion] to make [the Model 3] the Biggest one-week Launch of any Product, ever.” This statement is questionable, however
(F) Strong Signals will emerge in 2 years, as Model-3 Cars roll off its Production-Line regarding
(1) Gross-margins and
(2) Production-Rates… But, there are many “assumptions” some of which may not come to fruition
(a) It’s very unlikely that 100% of the Reservations will emerge as deliveries, because of these issues
(b) When will Tesla require “at risk” deposits on the Model-3 Cars ordered
(c) Will the Model-3 actually be delivered at $35,000 promised
(d) How long will it take Tesla to Deliver the first 100,000 Reservations
(e) The Time Tesla consumes to Deliver the FIRST 100,000 Cars will give the remaining 235,000 Reservations reason to “Hang in there…” or Cancel.

🚘 Elon Musk says in another portion of today’s Tweet, going out to his 3.7 Million Twitter Followers of which I’m one… revealed that only 5% of the Model-3 Reservations, reserved TWO Model-3 Cars, the Maximum Tesla Permitted. Musk also tweeted, this suggested "low levels of speculation," or most buyers not looking to flip the car for a profit. The Reservation Agreement states that it is “not transferable.” This Means the Speculators, if any, would have to literally Buy the Car or 2 Cars outright, and thereafter re-Sell it/both as “Pre-Owned Cars” to the third-party.

🚘 Apple is the only other Company that comes to mind with huge product launches. Last September, 2015 [7 months ago] Apple launched their new iPhone 6S. Apple actually Sold & Delivered over 13 Million iPhones in its opening 3-Day weekend. But, this is for iPhones at an average selling price [ASP] of $700/iPhone. However, there was no significant time delay [other than Long Lines] for Store pick-ups or Fed-Ex shipments. Multiply, 13 Million iPhone sales by $700 iPhone ASP, the result is $9 Billion of iPhones Sold, Delivered, with Cash in Apple’s Bank. Apple’s $9 Billion in Sales in their 3-Day Sales Event is Very Impressive !

🚘 1. Front Seat Camera – Model-3 Test Drive: http://youtu.be/TiWOKBMTDvc
🚘 2. Front Seat Camera – Model-3 Test Drive: https://youtu.be/16SWVS56aZU
🚘 3. Rear Seat Camera – Model-3 Test Drive: http://youtu.be/yTRL5u57ukE
🚘 4. Hidden Features of – Model-3 Test Drive: http://youtu.be/Qr2FaDh-Hlg
🚘 5. Stage Center – Model-3 REVEAL Show: http://youtu.be/dmKvuRw4up4

🚘 Model-3 Demonstration Test-Drives. The 4 Video Clips above have been chosen to show the Best Views of the Test Drives following the TESLA’s REVEAL Thursday, March 31st, late evening. Listen to the in-Car reactions as the Model-3 accelerates. For the first two video clips, front seat passengers recorded the video clips using their iPhones. The third video clip was captured by a rear-seat passenger, which gives an interesting perspective of the all-Glass roof, and the driving experience and the view of the 15″ LCD control panel. The 4th clip is a 23 minute Video captured by TESLA Motors, of ELON MUSK’s presentation and unveiling of their Model-3, a $35,000 affordable Car. The only glimpse of Options, “Under $5000 for All Wheel Drive. The Presentation ended at 9:50pm PDT, and these Model-3 sample drives were conducted immediately after the SHOW.

🚘 TESLA’s Leader Elon Musk Tweeted 4 Days ago, it had received by a factor of “Three-Times” the number of Reservations Musk had originally anticipated, ruffly about 60,000 Reservations. However, the actual number of Reservations is presently over Five-Times Elon Musk’s initial guesstimate. As previously reported in this article [see — Previously Reported — below] this level of Reservations albeit impressive, raises number of ISSUES about Tesla’s initial Production Plan, to meet this increasingly complex Production Goal, namely the likely massive plant expansion plan, capital requirements, building the supply-line to name a few.

🚘 Recall, Tesla actually delivered over 16,700 Model-S Cars in 2014, 25,200 Cars in 2015, and Tesla is on target and delivering 4,100 Model-S per month, over 50,000 Model-S Cars expected in 2016; see graphic above. Add to these impressive Model-S Production increases, Ramping-up Tesla’s Plant Production to 100,000 Model-S cars for 2017. Add to this, literally hundreds of thousands of Model-3 Cars… This is a Massive Production Issue, that Tesla is now facing, for 2018, 2019, and 2020. It’s an exciting Challenge indeed.

🚘 Model 3 Reservation to Contract Conversion Ratio – The number of Reservations that actually convert to Contracts with at-risk Deposits. Tesla stands to generate huge revenues [depending on how many Reservations convert to “at-risk” contracts, and what percentage fall away due to delivery Delays or Repricing of the Model-3 Car, once Cars are actually rolling off the Production-Line]. Recall, with the early days of the Model-S, deliveries were slower than anticipated and promised, and Pricing increased. Profitability remains an open question until actual Delivery Margins are determined.

🚘 Tesla says the number of preorders it has received in its 1st full Week, corresponds to $14 billion in Revenues in future Closed Sales. The Question remains, How Long will it take Tesla to deliver several hundred thousand Model-3 Cars. Tesla boasts that it was able to generate incredible level of Hype for the Model 3 without any dollars spent in Advertisements or "paid endorsements." The company has collected $325 million in cash, albeit refundable, for the Model 3 deposits paid. Fortunately for the more fickle, or the impatient folks that reserved a Car or two, the $1,000 deposits are refundable.

🚘 In the 4 decades that we’ve been reporting, We’ve never witnessed such a high number of reservations for any Automobile. For a very long time, the 12,000 orders written on the launch day of Citroen’s legendary DS in 1955, was considered as the “Sales Record-to-Beat.”

🚘 For the new Ford Fiesta, then the World’s Best Selling Cars, launched in 2011, the Ford Fiesta earned Headlines for receiving “6,000 reservations, and more than 100,000 folks with their hands-raised” signaling these folks “wanted one, months ahead of its actual Launch” as a Ford press release trumpeted then. Those with Hands-Raised did not have $1,000 deposits. By Year-End 2011, the Ford Fiesta sold over 780,000 Cars.

🚘 In perspective, the World’s best-selling electric vehicle, the Nissan Leaf, Sold a total 211,000 Leafs, globally since its launch in 2010, as Nissan spokesman Dion Corbett mentioned at the Tesla reveal.

🚘 TESLA Unveiled its New Model-3 Affordable 4-Door, 5-Passenger Electric Vehicle to a VERY Enthusiastic Crowd. The Model-3 Car is Likewise Very Exciting, earning over 276,000 Reservations, equating to $11.5 Billion in Production Value, as of End-of-Day Saturday. These figures were received Sunday from Elon Musk at 2:28pm by his Tweet.

🚘 Elon Musk mentioned Sunday… “We will have to Totally Rethink the Production Plan…” in light of the huge number of Reservations. Before the Model-3 was open to pre-orders, Musk was imagining 50-to-60,000 pre-orders, towards their target GOAL of 500,000 Model-3 Cars, with a MULTI-Year delivery plan. Without question, the Buying Public is very excited about TESLA, the brand and the success of the Model-S; Model-3 pre-orders have already consumed more than half of TESLA’s sales Goal. TESLA has an Exciting Problem.

🚘 Perspective on Production Rates – TESLA delivered a bit over 50,000 Model-S Cars this year, equating to roughly 4,100 Cars/Month, it’s recent production rate. Let’s say TESLA is able to Scale-UP its Production Plant for Model-3 Cars, to 6,000 Model-3 Cars/Month (1,500/Week or 200/Day), I’d rate this figure as Optimistic on my part.

🚘 Let’s try a Production Volume of 1,500/Week representing a 150% increase over the current TESLA production figures for the Model-S and X Cars. 1,500 Cars/Week is still TOO much to expect, but… When your Company just booked just under 300,000 Reservations for your “New Baby” in only a few Days, management Energy level is Super-Hot, like Solar.

🚘 Let’s go with 6k Model-3 Cars per month as a 1st year Production GOAL; That’s roughly 150% of TESLA’s current production rate of the Model-S; granted the Model-3 may be a somewhat less complex assembly than the Model-S, but …

🚘 How long will it take to construct the necessary Factory Expansion? How long will it take to Acquire, Install and Program the Robotic Machinery? and then there is the MONEY Part. Plant and Equipment are not cheep, particularly when you’re in a Hurry. Tick-Tock-Tick-Tock…

🚘 At a Production Rate of 1,500 Model-3 Cars/Week, assuming TESLA is capable of scaling up to this level, it may likely take TESLA a number years, for Tesla to deliver all the Model-3 Reservations… An exciting problem to have. TESLA has Logistics issues in ramping up Production, the facilities, robotics, tooling, and personnel, to meet the demand of 276,000 pre-orders, which may grow to 400,000 Reservations before a shovel goes in the Ground for the Plant Expansion.

🚘 The graphic above provides a glimpse of how well TESLA sales compare against other brands of Luxury Vehicles over a two year period, 2014 and 2015. TESLA reports that it’s 2016 Sales of their Model-S and Model-X vehicles will comfortably exceed 50,000 Electric Cars.

🚘 Let’s not forget the Financing issues with Plant Expansion, Tooling, Robotics, Infrastructure, combined with the Dollars needed to increase the Plant Facilities, and Purchasing the Raw Materials for its custom components, the 8000 unique parts Supply-Line to Fabricate the Model-3 Cars.

🚘 I’ve been inside the finance industry as Director, Vice Chairman of the Board, CEO of several financial institutions. Sadly: When a Client is in a really Big Hurry with an Exciting Project, the Bankers are inversely proportional as to their Enthusiasm, and seem to move as slow as molasses in January. When you have your Luncheons & Dinner meetings, they seem sooo slooow… With such profound needs, “we don’t really want to Eat…” and then, they’ll get back to you with Q&A in a week or soooo… when we Need the Dollar Commitments in Days not Months… I’m getting a really big headache just thinking about all of this. ELON MUSK, I feel your Pain.

🚘 The Parochial Automotive Industry would love to have these issues. Aside from logistics, which is a huge undertaking, Financing becomes the FIRST major issue… $Billions, Lots of $Billions. Without huge levels of Fresh Capital in Hand, none of this begins. Without Question, Tesla will get the Funding Requirements they need, once they Qualify a Pool of the Reservations. Elon Musk and his Team are not sleeping much these days… Tick, tock, tick, tock… no time to waist.

🚘 OK, Let’s get Realistic. Elon Musk and his team thought they’d may have 60,000+ Reservations, and they’d add onto their existing facilities, department by department, expand here, expand there, move this, move that… Isn’t that nice… BUT

🚘 With the 300,000+ Reservations for M-3 Cars in only a few DAYS, a number FIVE TIMES more than anyone on the Team imagined, much less planned for. That’s the Key, no planning for this Huge figure. So Everything changes. That beautifully bound M-3 Production Plan is Totally obsolete.

🚘 TESLA’s Model-3 Production Plan needs to be totally rethought, so says Elon Musk by his Tweet, that’s a challenge. Tesla figuratively speaking has to “Build another FACTORY but BIGGER” than most of those buildings pictured below. How does TESLA do this FAST?

🚘 Important First Step. TESLA needs to “Qualify” a portion of the Reservations List. Convert a Pool of Reservations into Non-Refundable Contracts. For TESLA to engage in this Huge Plant Expansion, it needs to know How Many Reservations will become Real Sales. TESLA needs to know the Buyers are similarly committed to their Model-3 (Reservations) as Tesla is in their Delivery.

🚘 Let’s Play… Proceed with the first Pool of 80,000 Reservations, in Date Order. Congratulate each for being among the First to receive the Model-3. Tesla should not do this with a number of Pools of Reservations, as Tesla firms up their Plant Expansion Plan, Financing Commitments, Timing for both, Plant Production Rate, and a Schedule for the Model-3 Car Assembly…

🚘 Send 80,000 Reservation Holders a Conditional Sales Contract, each selects their Options, Add down for the “Total Purchase Price” of their Model-3. Let’s say the Total Price is, on average $42,000. Require a 15% Non-Refundable Deposit. For a $42k Car, the Deposit equals $6,300 including the $1000 Reservation deposit. The Client writes a non-Refundable Check in the amount of $5,300 to TESLA, and agrees that their $1,000 Reservation previously paid, becomes non-refundable. Alternatively, the Client passes on the deal and requests the return of their $1,000 deposit.

🚘 For more Confidence in Qualifying these Reservation Pools, increase the non-refundable deposit to 20%, probably the limit due to the lengthy delivery window. Use 15% for the First 80,000 reserved-pool, then increase to 20% for the next 80k reserved pool. May as well separate the Men from the Boys, sooner than later. These folks are not buying Chevy VOLTs that are sitting on car Lots – TESLA is building Custome Model-3 cars to Buyer Specification. Perhaps Elon Musk should sign a 3″ Tesla Logo, a Decal, and attach it to inside of the windshields, a sign of TESLA’s appreciation.

🚘 TESLA Must Know who are Committed Buyers and who are not. If 80%* of the 80,000 First Pool of Reservations become Buyers, then TESLA is fairly confident that 64,000 Model-3 Cars Buyers are committed with “at-risk” Contracts equating to $2.688 Billion Sales, with $403.2 Million in Non-Refundable Deposits. For this first Pool of Reservations, TESLA should have confidence in moving forward for their extensive Plant Expansion. Also, the 80%* Conversion Ratio (my guesswork) should give Tesla a “feel” for the balance of the Reservations. Recall we arbitrarily picked 80%*. No one really know.*

🚘 The CLOCK is TESLA’s enemy, as it surely does not want to loose [any portion of] these Pre-Sales, because of the Company’s failure to deliver in a reasonable amount of time. Think about it. It may take Tesla 18 months just to Build the Robotics, the Plant, the Infrastructure, the Power, the Water Resources, the Raw Materials, the Chemistry, the Storage Facilities, the Fire Protection. All to support an additional 6,000 Cars/Month Output, 150% more than the Model-S assembly-line production-rate (4,100 Cars/Mo) is currently handling. Imagine these logistics… OMG, let’s not forget building up the supply-line for all of the Model-3’s roughly 8,000 custom parts. All right enough Drama. It’s more fun to talk about that amazing Model-3

🚘 Model-3 combines real world Driving Range, 215 miles to 350 miles per Charge, Performance, Safety and Spaciousness into a premium sedan that only TESLA can build. TESLA’s most affordable car yet, Model 3 achieves a minimum of 215 miles of range per charge while Priced at only $35,000 before Tax incentives. Isn’t that nice… Ooops, here’s some more Drama.

🚘 Who in their Right Mind would think to Worry about Exceeding the Federal Limit for Buyers receiving their Tax Credits. Well, the Limit is apparently 200,000 Green Cars for each Manufacturer. It may be that 1/3rd of the Model-3 Reservations may not have the Tax Credit they counted on. Apparently the US Federal Tax Credit only applies to the first 200,000 Tesla Cars delivered. They’ll need a good Lawyer or two, to examine the Tax Code to see if the 50,000 Model-S deliveries have already “eaten into” the GREEN limit of 200,000 Cars per Company.

🚘 The Whitehouse wants everyone to Drive “GREEN” well here is a terrific opportunity for the President, the TESLA Model-3 is for the masses… Immediately below is the Link so you can Sign the Petition directed to the White House, making an appeal to extend [or remove] the current 200,000 limit/Car Model, that provides for a $7,500 Tax Credit; it’s very simple to complete, see the image below. We have a Readership of over 100,000 so let’s have everyone sign on… https://petitions.whitehouse.gov/petition/increase-ev-tax-credit-cap-manufacturer

🚘 Model-3 is designed to attain the highest safety ratings in every category. After 10 years of hard work, Tesla has finally “revealed” the Model-3, the vehicle that CEO Elon Musk now knows, will take the Electric Vehicle, “EV” to the masses. When you see the interior of the Model-3, it’s like you are visualizing a Car decades into the Future.

🚘 Everything that controls the Car, except for Steering, is displayed on a 15″ Touch Screen, otherwise the “dash-board” is literally clear of any buttons, nobs, and gauges. TESLA engineers mention that the User Interface in the reveal, is not necessarily in final form. Looking at the Picture below, this is not an “Artists Rendering” of the Cockpit of the Model-3. The image below is the actual Model-3 Drivers Seat. When you view the Video Clips later in this article, you will see the Driver in this Car.

🚘 Truly futuristic. Remember this Car is equipped with true Auto-Pilot logistics and hardware. Most of the Car’s functions are selected by computer-Touch-Screen-control, shown on the 15″ high resolution LCD display, which has been brought Forward close to the Driver, so it’s in easy reach of the Driver, without having to lean-forward, an issue with the Model-S’s 17″ display mounted in the console.

🚘 At the unveiling of the Model-3 late Thursday evening and into the early morning of April 1st, at the company’s design studio in Hawthorne, California, TESLA’s CEO, Elon Musk said the car will deliver at least 215 miles range beginning at just $35,000, a bold claim, and an important milestone for Tesla to achieve. Musk is “confident” that deliveries will begin by the end of 2017, and “you will not be able to buy a better car for $35,000, even if you select no options.” “And it will be one of the safest cars in the world in every category” according to Musk.

🚘 Tesla reported more than 276,000 Pre-Orders have been placed, where buyers put $1,000 down, as of April 3rd, and that number will likely continue to increase. To bring these figures into perspective, as we are talking about Automobiles, not iPhones, 276,000 pre-Ordered Cars equates to roughly $276 Million in paid Deposits held for 20 months, equating to over $11.5 Billion in pre-sales, (Elon Musk is assuming $41.6k/Car). Pre-Sales of this magnitude is Huge, and Never heard of in the Auto Industry.

🚘 TESLA is creating the excitement that is routinely generated at Apple Product Releases. However, this is about Cars, not iPhones. The “standard” Model-3 will accelerate from 0-60 mph in less than 6 seconds, with upgraded versions that will go “much faster.”

🚘 Model-3 Options – If you choose the 4-wheel drive AWD option (ElonMusk said today this option will be priced under $5k) includes a front mounted electric motor, in addition to the “standard” rear-mounted main electric motor.

🚘 Model-3 Range will be at least 215 miles/charge, but Tesla Engineers hope to exceed this number in the final Production Car, with the advancement of the Battery technology, and optimized electronics over the next 18 months of pre-development. One of the Options will be a Larger Lithium battery array to extend the Range to 300+ miles/charge. No word yet on the option price for the larger LiON Battery.

🚘 All Model-3 cars will include [the internal electronics package] support for Tesla’s high-speed Supercharger Stations, because “it’s about going where you want to go,” according to Musk. With the Model-S the supercharger internal charging package was a $2,500+ option; For the Model-3 its included in the “standard” Car. By the end of 2017, when the Model-3 begins Car deliveries, Tesla says it will have a total of 7,200 Supercharger Stations in operation, which is double the number available today, and 15,000 charging locations.

🚘 Like the Model-S, the Model-3 will come with a powerful Rear-Wheel Drive electric Motor and an optional all-wheel drive version, plus there’s a 15″ landscape touchscreen LCD driver’s control-display an interesting change from the 17″ portrait touchscreen as in the Model-S and X. Autopilot hardware is standard, plus all safety features will be active automatically. Five adults will fit comfortably, “comfortably is the important part here,” says Musk.

🚘 The front-to-rear roof area, from the windshield all the way to the trunk, will be one continuous piece of structural-glass. And, just like the Model-S, the Model-3 will have front and rear trunks for storage. “More cargo capacity than any gasoline car of the same external dimensions,” says Musk. You can even fit a 7-foot long surfboard on the inside of the Model-3.

🚘 The two current Tesla vehicles, the Model-S and Model-X, are both relatively expensive. Even with tax incentives, both cars easily push $100,000. In order for Tesla to deliver 10-times as many cars as it now delivers, it needed a less expensive automobile in the lineup. That’s where the Model-3 comes in. The Model-3 is the future for TESLA.

🚘 Don’t expect to get your hands on a Model-3 until sometime in 2018 considering that there are over 276,000 pre-orders ahead of you. The Model-3 is expected to begin production in the 4th quarter of 2017, roughly 20 months from now. Tesla is currently accepting pre-orders for a modest $1,000 refundable down payment. Tesla plans to more than double the size of its retail Sales Stores and Service Centers [in the TESLA network] by the end of 2017, to Sell and Service all these new TESLA cars.

🚘 At the unveiling of the Model-3 Thursday evening, Elon Musk thanked Model-S and Model-X purchasers as these Sales Revenues helped to fund the development of the new Model-3 car. The Model-3 is the culmination of a full decade of hard work. Elon Musk is betting $Billions on TESLA, and it needs to deliver. The future of Tesla Motors, quite literally “rides on the success” of the Model-3. The incredible number of pre-sales, over 276,000, is an strong indication, TESLA is on its way to becoming a huge participant in the EV Automobile industry.

🚘 The Model-3 is the car Tesla Motors has promised since the company’s founding, the car that CEO Elon Musk is convinced, will push EVs into the mainstream and the technology to an inflection point. This is the car Musk believes will change the world. “It’s very important to accelerate the transition to sustainable transport,” Musk said on stage. “This is really important for the future of the world.” To View this TESLA Event on YouTube, and there are more Links below: https://goo.gl/uo5suC

🚘 In person and on paper, the Model-3 is a real “shocker”. It’s a very handsome sedan, with four doors, five seats, and all the creature comforts and practicality you’d expect of an upscale mid-size sedan. The Electric Propulsion, Battery System, and the Drive train are capable of 0-to-60 mph acceleration, at under 6-Seconds, plus a range of 215 miles/charge. It’s packed with technology, style, and at a bargain price as Tesla delivers it at the $35,000 base price, Musk promises you’ll pay. Musk also estimates that $6,600 in options will bring the average delivery price to $41,600.

🚘 For the first 200,000 sales of the Model-3 there will be a federal tax credit, according to current Law. The specs and price are key, because so far Tesla Motors has aimed squarely at the affluent buyer. The company’s first three models, the innovative Roadster sports car, exquisite Model-S sedan, and tech-slinging Model-X SUV, made electric cars fun, cool, and compelling. The Model-3 is meant to do something greater: sell to the masses, using electric car propulsion.

🚘 TESLA Model-3 is a very innovative passenger car. During its unveiling two days ago, we were able to capture several videos of brief guest-drives around the TESLA grounds in the late evening. The links below are YouTube videos to see the Model-3 captured from the front-passenger seat, and the back-seat. While watching these brief clips, take notice of the “Dash Board” other than the 15″ display to the right of the Driver’s view, the Dash-Board in front of the steering-wheel is totally blank, clean, no clutter whatsoever, as all of the controls and gauges are visible on the 15″ LCD display [which has been pushed forward towards the Driver] at “Screen-Center-Right” literally, within Easy Reach to the Driver without having to lean-forward.

🚘 TESLA Model-3 Revealed. Below are 5 of the Best Video Clip Links we’ve found, showing the First Reveal of TESLA’s new Model-3 in action, on the SHOW Stage and on the Road. These Videos are the Best part of this Article, as you’ll get to experience the Reveal SHOW Event as if you were there, plus the experiences of the Test Drives of several of the participants that attended the SHOW. Looking at the Dash Board, it is very Futuristic… what a Car would look like decades from now, but TESLA’s Model-3 is quite literally NOW.

🚘 First Look of Model-3 On-Stage: http://youtu.be/Jd_RXG_WZqQ

🚘 TMC Test-Drive of Model-3: http://youtu.be/TiWOKBMTDvc

🚘 First Test-Drive of Model-3: https://youtu.be/16SWVS56aZU

🚘 Second Test-Drive of Model-3: http://youtu.be/yTRL5u57ukE

🚘 TESLA Model-3 Unveiling 24 Minute Show: http://youtu.be/dmKvuRw4up4

🚘 Tesla is not alone, in hoping to do the remarkable and frankly, it was “beaten in the race” to build a $30K EV Auto with a triple-digit range by General Motors. However, this stat is where the comparison ends. In January, the Detroit stalwart introduced the 2017 Chevrolet VOLT, a battery electric hatchback with a range of 200 miles/charge, and a price of $37,500 and that’s where the comparison ends.

🚘 Musk isn’t the slightest bit worried about competition, and to be fair, has little reason to be. The Volt is impressive, but Tesla has the proven ability to get people very excited, and there’s no denying the company has a cachet many automakers only dream of…

🚘 Have You Ever seen thousands of people lining up outside Automobile Dealerships, waiting to place a $1,000 deposit on a Car they haven’t even seen yet… something that happened at many Tesla Stores last week. By the time Musk pulled the white-sheet off the Model-3 Thursday evening at the sprawling Space X campus in Hawthorne, California, 115,000 customers had already put their money down [$1000/car] and within 36 hours of the unveiling over 276,000 Model-3 Cars have been pre-Ordered, equating to about $11.5 Billion in pre-sales.

🚘 Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning founded Tesla Motors in 2003. Musk, flush with cash after selling PayPal to eBay for $1.4 billion, joined in early 2004 as its chairman and primary benefactor. He took over as CEO in 2008, shortly after the debut of the company’s first car, the Roadster. The two-seater was a “proof of concept” designed to show that these 2,400 Sports Car, EVs, could be cool. It was based on the Lotus Elise, as it could hit 60 mph in 3.7 Seconds, and squeezed a 245 range from a 950 pound LiON battery. Car & Driver called it “a revelation”. Tesla sold about 2,400 of these Sports Roadsters at $100k/car, in 4 years.

🚘 Then came the Model-S, a truly remarkable sedan good for almost 300 miles on a charge. Even now, four years after its debut, the sedan remains a marvel. It’s everything most people would ever dream of in a Car… It’s roomy, comfortable, practical, quick, and reliable, and gorgeous. Motor Trend and Automobile Magazine called it the “Car of the Year” in 2013, and Consumer Reports gave it its best Rating Score of 99+ the highest rating ever for any Car it tested in its entire 19 year history of testing.

🚘 TESLA’s 17″ LCD Display and user-interface and performance has steadily improved on the Model-S, using over-the-air [cellular] software updates similar to iPhone iOS updates to its operating system, to make every Model-S perform even better and to enhance the User-Interface of the 17″ display. Tesla made hardware changes too, offering an optional front-motor to provide four-wheel drive, motors in the Rear and Front, bigger batteries for greater range, improved electronics, and true Auto-Pilot delivering auto-self-driving capabilities. The 0 to 60 time plunged to a stomach-dropping 2.8 seconds, on par with mid-six-figure exotic cars.

🚘 Meanwhile, Tesla built an international network of 1,600 “superchargers” where owners can plug-in and charge the battery for free where one could charge their Tesla battery to 80% (230 miles of driving) in roughly 30 minutes. Tesla fought with local governments, for the right to sell cars directly to customers [without Dealerships]. It acquired an enormous factory once occupied by GM and Toyota. TESLA broke ground and almost fully completed, its “Gigafactory” where it works with Panasonic to build an unimaginable number of Lithium batteries, more battery power than all other Lithium Battery power factories combined, globally, in TESLA’s single humongous plant. In October, 2015 it introduced the Model-X, a handsome, falcon-winged SUV based on the Model-S, with Gull-Winged rear doors. With hundreds of thousand Model-3D preorders, TESLA will need their Gigafactory, which is their plan.





🚘 Tesla Model S Ranks Best Overall Car for 2014 by Consumer Reports, among 260 autos tested ~ Not only did Tesla Rank #1 Tesla scored the Highest Score ever Achieved in the Magazine’s 18 years of testing Cars ~ Plus What’s Not to Like about Driving for 3Âą/mile when Gas costs 16Âą/mile 🚘

🚘 Tesla Model S an all Electric LiON Battery Powered Car, Ranks as the Best Overall Car for 2014 by Consumer Reports, among 260 automobiles tested, whether fueled by electric batteries, gas or diesel fuel, or a hybrid of two fuels. Not only did Tesla Rank #1, it scored the Highest Score ever recorded in CR’s 18 year history of testing Cars.

🚘 Don’t know what TESLA is… In Physics Class we learned about the Tesla Coil, a high-voltage frequency generator. The Tesla Coil is one of Nikola Tesla’s most famous invention in 1891. See Tesla and his inventions below.

🚘 Elon Musk’s Tesla Motors Inc. (TSLA:US) has earned the ardor of investors and the highest U.S. safety ratings. It can also add the honor of having the best-reviewed car of the year by automobile testers at Consumer Reports, earning the Highest score ever of 99 given in Consumer Reports 18 year history of reviewing Cars.

🚘 Consumer Report summarizes their study saying "Sure, you can talk about this electric luxury car’s blistering acceleration, razor-sharp handling, compliant ride, and versatile cabin, which can fit a third-row of seats. But that just scratches the surface of this technological tour de force."

🚘 Consumer Reports editors further say "The Tesla is brimming with innovation. Its massive, easy-to-use 17" touch-screen controls most of the car’s functions. Tesla is totally keyless in operation, locking, unlocking, starting, full Internet access, and ultra-quiet, zero-emission driving experience, the Tesla is a glimpse into a future where cars and computers coexist in seamless harmony. Its 275-mile driving range and 3-hour charges, using Tesla’s special connector, also make it the easiest, most practical, albeit pricey, electric car to live with."

🚘 “It’s truly a groundbreaking car,” Jake Fisher, Consumer Reports’ director of auto testing who oversaw this year’s review of 260 vehicles, said an interview. “You get into it, and it really stands out. It’s the very best car I’ve ever driven.”

🚘 Consumer Reports tests and evaluates cars for how well they drive, interior-finish quality, safety and reliability. The model rankings influence car buyers and are published in the Yonkers, New York-based magazine’s annual auto issue.

🚘 It was interesting researching how Consumer Reports tests each of the 260 vehicles this year. Each car is driven about 6000 miles while the evaluation teams assess every imaginable function and quality of the cars under examination.

🚘 Today’s TESLA is a very exciting Luxury Battery Powered automobile with a 275 mile range.

🚘 In appearance the Tesla does not just "gets on terms" with the two-plus-two Aston, it almost cinches it. The sweeping lines and a callipygous rear give the Tesla the look of a concept car. But this is no Concept car with limited delivery, as Tesla has ramped up production to over 25,000 units/year. The door handles motor-out to meet you (one of a number of motorized functions) and the doors swing wide.

🚘 Inside is Tesla’s cabin Very Unconventional, it’s almost the appearance of a Science Fiction Futuristic Auto. The seating are cantilever-mounted onto a flat-floor, with an uncluttered full-width floor space. A dramatic digital instrument panel in front of the driver central-displays show charge level, power usage, range, and speed.

🚘 The central facia has the appearance of a very large Touch-Screen iPad, (but its not) with simple and classy Apple-style graphics, that controls most of the Car’s functions, Mapping, Directions, tailored to go with Mercedes-Benz-styled switches and steering column stalks.

🚘 Tesla Model S electric car is “the answer” I’ve personally been looking for. I have remained on the side-lines with all electric cars because of two reasons: (1) most of the offerings look like "soup-cans with wheels and windows" (not so with the Tesla, as its stunningly attractive inside and out) and (2) they have such a limited Range most under 100 miles, one "can not drive it out of town" (not so with the Tesla as it can deliver 300 miles in Range.

🚘 One wonders if the other Car-makers have been sleeping on the job. With Tesla’s share-price on fire after recently announcing plans for a new battery “gigafactory” (now, that’s a factory), confirming next year’s SUV, the Model-X, and a smaller, cheaper model (like $36k) for 2017. Today there’s barely a Silicon-Valley baron or Hollywood Star without a Model S in their Garage.

🚘 Tesla is Fueled by a huge, flat, Lithium Ion battery, a single unit that delivers 85,000 Watt-hours of power. The Battery lines almost the entire bottom of the floor-board; however, the Battery is very well protected. To put this Battery in perspective, a 85kWhr of battery power is equivalent to about 16,200 iPhone-LiON-Batteries all linked together into a single huge flat-battery-array.

🚘 The LiON battery in the Tesla Model-S contains a unique LiON battery-chemistry so that it delivers power and takes recharge cycles for at least 8 years, equivalent to the Tesla battery-warranty, with unlimited miles.

🚘 Surely, now that Tesla has proven to the marketplace that an attractive well designed Car with good range can be delivered in mass quantities. Also, since Tesla is expanding its assembly plants to grow production by 50% this year and next, Battery Technology will be the focus for these fine Cars. Surely, Tesla wants to increase its Model-S Range to 400 miles then to 500 miles, since Electric fueling stations are not as populated as Gasoline stations.

🚘 When viewing Tesla’s Model-S at the retail-store in our Boca Raton Town Center Mall, they have several fully assembled, ready to drive Cars, and two Cars that were apparently taken off the assembly-line, displaying the beautifully engineered frame, battery array, the steering points, the motor and inverter package at the car’s rear-end. Very Impressive displays making it clear to anyone, engineer or house-wife, that this Car is an engineering marvel, that gives the quality feeling that Apple delivers with their products, with an obvious display of an incredible level of attention to every minute element of detail.

🚘 Tesla SuperChargers recharges Model S quickly, Super quickly. Superchargers are for refueling quickly on road trips. A Supercharger can replenish 50% the 85 kWh battery in about 25 minutes. All Model S vehicles with the 85 kWh battery can use SuperChargers as can properly equipped 60 kWh battery vehicles. SuperCharger (Electric) Fuel Stations will be positioned at convenient locations along major interstates throughout the country.

🚘 Tesla SuperCharger stations the Cost for a "Full Tank of Electricity" is FREE, although it costs Tesla say $300,000 per station. Tesla considers this fueling feature as a Marketing Expense, to make it clear to Tesla Owners, and those interested in buying a Tesla Car, that they can get a "Fill-Up" when going out of town. In a Hurry, no problem, the Super-Charger Stations will have two "Fueling" modes, Plug in your Tesla Model S for 20 minutes for 100 miles of Range, 40 minutes for 200 miles of Range or 60 minutes to "Fill the Tank" in this case a fully recharged battery.

🚘 Tesla’s Free Fueling feature is considered a "Marketing Expense" where these costs are not "built into the price of their cars." Recall that a fill-up costs Tesla about $9, assuming an electric utility cost of 11Âą per kilowatt, typical in the USA.

🚘 A major Free-Fueling costs facing Tesla is the development of the Fueling Station Network, the real estate and construction costs, estimated to be approximately $300,000 per station. This expense could be amortized over say 20 years, making this a $15,000/year per Station, expense to the financial statement.

🚘 SuperCharger Stations. If Tesla builds 500 SuperCharger Nation-Wide Network, the depreciation expense would be on the order of $7.5 million/year. If every SuperCharger Station with 3-fueling lanes were charging for 24 hours/day, this represents 26,000 fill-ups/year per Station; Assuming the electric-utility cost is $9/Fill-Up, then each staton would expense $234,000/year per station, which equates to about $115 million/year for the Nation-Wide network of 500 SuperCharger stations.

🚘 With 150,000 Tesla Cars on the Road planned, the Annual expense for SuperCharger Stations equates to about $800/Tesla, a Very imaginative use of marketing dollars. This represents a 1% marketing component per car, not a large figure indeed. By the end of 2015 Tesla will have enough SuperCharger Stations to cover 98% of the Population in the US and portions of Canada.

🚘 Tesla SuperCharger Stations have another Amazing feature, the capability of the Model-S receiving a 100% Full-Charge in 95 Seconds with a "Battery Replacement" performed at the station. Just pull-up over a designated area, and your Model-S’ Battery is dropped-down with automation, and a New Fully-Charged Battery is pushed-backup into your Model-S in about 1 minute 30 seconds. Tesla literally swaps your car’s battery for a new battery that has been already fully-charged.

🚘 I witnessed two Model-S cars in line at a Tesla SuperCharger Station, (a video-clip is provided below) that received Lion Battery swaps for two Tesla’s in line, requiring about 3 minutes total time for both Model-S cars, 90 seconds each. Filling your 23 Gallon Tank with Gasoline takes about 4 minutes. This service costs $80 for the 85 kWhr battery-swap or $60 for the 60 kWhr battery. When you return from your trip, go back to the same SuperCharger Station that swapped your battery, and the station then re-Swaps your Car’s original LiON battery fully-charged.

🚘 The $80 cost for the 90 second fill-up costs about 26Âą/mile if you’re in a hurry. Not in a hurry go for the SuperCharger and wait 30 to 45 minutes to "Top-Off your Tank" for Free. While you have a travel-break, at the Coffee shot near-by. Recall, if you have an iPhone, the App will keep you posted on the Battery Level as it Fills with electric-power. How Cool is that!

🚘 If you decide to retain the NEW LiON Battery, in other words, you don’t re-Swap batteries, Tesla will "Charge" you (pardon the pun) the price difference between your original LiON battery, and the price of a New LiON battery. This may be your plan, say in Year Two or Three, as aged LiON Batteries may only accept 90% to 95% charges. No figures are available on this option, as these swap-stations are scheduled for later in 2015.

🚘 The Cost of a new 85 kWhr LiON Battery is $12,000. If you decide to retain the New Battery Swap, the question is what is the "trade-in" value for your existing Model-S battery that’s 2 or 3 years old. The SuperCharger Battery Swap capability commences in 2015 nation-wide, so the financial models are not set as to the price for the battery swap, if you decide keep the new battery. Since the Model-S battery is warrantied for 8 years, if charging performance diminishes in Range, I’d be looking to the factory warranty to replace the battery.

🚘 Tesla is developing hundreds of SuperCharger Stations in the USA as an amazing marketing campaign as the "Fill-Ups" are Free. Think about it, travel to Grandma’s with no cost for Fuel, in Tesla’s case, electricity.

🚘 The Control Panel in each Tesla Model-S has a beautiful Google Maps styled GPS Map, showing in real-time, every location of a SuperCharger Station, and your location of the Model-S, giving detailed directions if necessary, and your Tesla’s Range to arrive the SuperCharger station. The GPS is also functional to input your destination. For the local folks in south Florida, there is a SuperCharger Station near MACY’s Front door in the parking garage of the Town Center Mall, and two others 25 miles south in Fort Lauderdale and 25 miles north of Boca Raton.

🚘 Tesla Superchargers allow Model S owners to travel for free between cities along well-traveled highways in North America and Europe. Superchargers provide a 50% charge in as few as 20 minutes and are strategically placed to allow owners to drive from station to station with minimal stops, or fear of running our of "Fuel." The Coverage for North America already provides for Coast-to-Coast driving. Here are Tesla’s Plans for SuperCharger station development:

✔ Today, First Quarter, 2014 – 78 stations, Coast-to-coast travel now enabled
✔ 2014 – 80% of the US population Covered plus portions of Canada
✔ 2015 – 98% of the US population Covered plus parts of Canada

🚘 Superchargers are located near amenities like roadside diners, cafes, and shopping centers. Road Trippers can stop for a quick meal and have their Model S charged when they’re done.

🚘 Tesla Model S cost for a Fill-Up equates to about $0.0311/mile. For a 275 mile range assuming you use Airconditioning, 275x$0.0311 equates to a Fill-Up cost of $8.50, assuming the Electric utility charge of 11±/kWatt, that Tesla pays for, a typical rate in south Florida. To Fill-Up your typical gasoline 4-Door Sedan automobile with 12.5 Gallons of Gas priced at $3.85/gallon costs $48.00, assuming the MPG is about 22 mpg vehicle, delivering the same range.

🚘 To this point in this Article its been all about Good Looks and the Battery. Lets now turn our attention to the Motor. One of the Demands by Elan Musk to his engineering team, is to have this vehicle powered by a strong engine, so that the buyer of a Tesla Model-S will not feel like there has been compromise in power or performance. Let it be said that a 416hp electric Motor rotating at around 6500 RPM generates an amazing level of Acceleration. There is simply NO Compromise with this electric engine.

🚘 Model S is a rear wheel drive electric vehicle. The liquid-cooled powertrain includes the battery, motor, drive inverter, and gear box. 60 kWh or 85 kWh microprocessor controlled, lithium-ion battery, a rear mounted 3-phase, 4-pole AC induction-motor with a copper rotor, creating 416hp; That’s dramatic amount of Horse Power, a Power Drive Inverter with variable frequency drive, a regenerative braking system, and a single-speed-reduction, Fixed-Gear ratio of 9.73:1 reduction ratio.

🚘 Tesla Model-S Power Train and Motor. The Electric motor powering the Model-S is a 416hp alternating current, variable frequency design. The motor itself weighs approximately 250 pounds, with a Copper-Wound Rotor, the internal component that rotates with a Gear on its shaft. Interesting that the Motor is Super-Power A/C motor, and the Battery is a 85 kWhr LiON direct current. Directly right of the rear-mounted Motor is a Power-Inverter that transforms up to 1200 Amps of DC electricity to A/C power, powering the Motor.

🚘 The Motor has a Running Rate of 5,000 to 8,000 RPM. There is Single-Gear reduction of 9.73 to 1 (no gear-shifting as with typical automobile transmissions). Therefore with a Rotor that weighs about 50 pounds rotating at an average speed of say 6,500RPM causes the drive shaft to rotate at about 500 RPM to 800RPM, this represents an incredible amount of power on the Wheels.

🚘 The Tesla motor’s Rotor weighing in at about 50 pounds, that is spinning at an average of 6500RPM, generates a huge level of power on the rear wheels. The velocity of Tesla’s motor, the RPM is controlled by changing the Frequency of the Alternating Current combined with the amount of Amperes of electric current, up to 1,200 amps when desiring fast acceleration from a dead-stop or changing lanes on a highway. This combination of factors controls the power, the driver desires by pressing one’s foot on the accelerator-pedal. Lots of very unique electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, and design, to accomplish this seamlessly to the Driver, and totally Quietly. The lack of any Engine and Transmission Noise is very strange at first.

🚘 Recall that a typical gasoline motor runs from 800 RPM to 3,500 RPM, that runs very hot, in combination with a 5-speed transmission and a Transaxle, that also becomes very hot as it consumes energy, a very inefficient method of changing the rotation of the drive-shaft, wasting about 40% of the gasoline engine’s power. What a waist of power and fuel.

🚘 Think about it, with a 400hp gasoline engine, 160hp is lost because of the inefficiencies of the transmission and the transaxle. Which means that only 240hp of power, of the 400ph gasoline engine, gets to the wheels. With Tesla’s electric engine 90% of the power gets directly to the rear wheels.

🚘 Tesla’s precocious car maker has Big ambitions. He originated PayPal 11-years ago making hundreds of $Millions. In top-spec $124,000 as-tested form, this 16ft 4in long, five-door battery-electric coupĂ© will not only out drag a $250,000 loaded Aston Martin, but Tesla carries two more passengers or twice as much stuff and, at 4,200 pounds, weighs not much more.

🚘 Stand on it, and the Aston will drain its 20 gallon tank of unleaded in about 250 miles, well within the realistic driving range of the 85kWh Tesla S range of 275 mile. What’s not to like about battery motoring? Not to mention that the Tesla Model-S, a luxury-sedan, goes from Zero to 60 MPH in 4.7 seconds.

🚘 The Tesla Model S electric sedan is Number One in Consumer Reports, in this year’s automotive rankings. Not only Tesla being in first place, but received the highest score ever recorded in its 18 year history of evaluating 260 vehicles.

🚘 The magazine cited the Model S’s sporty performance and technological innovations, including its 275 mile range. Consumer Reports acknowledged that the car is expensive and paid $89,650 for the Model S that the Magazine tested.

🚘 For less than a third of that price, the Toyota Prius hybrid got the nod as Consumer Reports’ top green car. The magazine also cited strong fuel economy in naming the Honda Accord as the top midsize car and the BMW328i as the best sports sedan.

🚘 The rankings, now in their 18th year, pick Consumer Reports’ favorites among the 260 vehicles its team has recently tested. The rankings are closely watched in the auto industry, since shoppers consistently cite Consumer Reports as a main source of car-buying advice.

🚘 Consumer Reports actually buys the test-vehicles anonymously, and performs more than 50 tests on each, including evaluations of braking, handling and comfort, among en elaborate array of tests and examinations. Consumer Reports’ testing team literally drives each vehicle for roughly 6,000 miles, in assessing the vehicle’s performance on the road in a wide variety of environments and road conditions.

🚘 Tesla Model S Ranks Best Overall Car for 2014 by Consumer Reports among 260 autos tested. Not only did Tesla Rank #1, Tesla scored a value of 99 the Highest Score ever Achieved in the Magazine’s 18 years of testing Cars.

🚘 Plus What’s Not to Like about Driving a Tesla Model-S Electric Car for 3Âą/mile when Gasoline Cars cost over 16Âą/mile, that’s over 500% more expensive.

🚘 Did I mention that Tesla has an iPhone App that will permit you to find the car with GPS that remains active even when the Car is parked and shut-down. The Tesla App will permit you to TURN-ON Tesla’s Air Conditioning system when the Car is parked and Locked.

🚘 With your Tesla, if you’re at a lunch meeting with car parked outdoors in the direct Sun in the summer time, you can use your iPhone Tesla App, Power-Up Tesla’s A/C System say 10 minutes before the end of your Luncheon, so that the Car is Cooled-down when you retrieve your Tesla from the parking lot. The App also permits you to Honk the Horn or Flash the Lights, to either scare away possible intruders, or as a visual or audio Tool so you can find your Car in Large Parking Lots2.

🚘 Steven Spielberg was recently spotted in Brentwood California driving the his Tesla Model S, an all electric automobile, while heading to a high powered Hollywood luncheon. Apparently, more and more celebrities find the Tesla an attractive vehicle and more importantly they love the fact that it is environmentally friendly.

🚘 It seems the famous 67 year-old screenwriter, producer, and business magnate left all the Porches and Maybachs and went for a Tesla model S. The Tesla is actually fits the famed director quite well as if we were to discuss the vehicle’s interior, we’ll come across a very science-fiction like cabin. The seats are cantilevered mounted onto a flat-floor, an uncluttered full-width floor space, making the Tesla S model’s interior quite unconventional.

🚘 Don’t know what TESLA is… In Physics Class we learned about the Tesla, but it wasn’t an unbelievable Electric Automobile. The video clip directly below is a demonstration of the Model-S getting a "battery-swap" at Service Centers to have this capability in 2015.

http://www.teslamotors.com/batteryswap

🚘 Don’t know what TESLA is… In Physics Class we learned about the Tesla Coil, a high-voltage frequency generator. The Tesla Coil is one of Nikola Tesla’s most famous invention in 1891.



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🚘 Time to Buy a Tesla Model X or Model S – OMG – Which One? đŸš˜

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🚘 It’s Tesla Time – We’re sharing the excitement as we BUY a Tesla Model S or a Model X All Electric Car. In this article we’ll discuss some of the most used “electric-car lingo” so that we may think and understand the language… to be better informed. The more we know, Option selections for the Model S or Model X will be smarter.

🚘 Today is Racing Forward to the Future, as Electric Cars Charge On…. However, too many folks remain pulled back with decades of familiarity: “Pistons, Tanks, Crank Case, Gas, Rods, Gallons, Liters, Fumes, Plugs, V8’s, Filters, L6’s, Dip Sticks, Octane, Lowtest, Unleaded.” Today Electric Cars are becoming more popular partly because of the “Green” effect, and some folks see Fuel Cost savings in the longer view.

🚘 It takes Courage to be Green. One must have lots of Courage to be an “Electric Car Pioneer” knowing that electric Charger-Stations are “few and far between” literally, not to mention the Time it takes for a Fill Up. For a 15 gallon Fill-Up, a traditional Gas Station requires about 5 Minutes, giving your car 300 miles of Range. With Electric Car charging at most of the 40,000 charging-stations that exist in the US, a 5 minute charge gives your Electric Car 2.5 miles of Range. At some of the Fastest Public Charging (19.2 kWr) Stations, a 5 minute charge gives your EV about 5 miles of Range.

🚘 Your own Garage becomes your Fuel Service Station, as you can Plug in your Tesla using your 19.2 kWh Super Charger, for an Over Night Fill Up, every Night. Although, the charging rate is roughly 60 RPH, [60 miles of Range per Hour or Charging], If you have a 360 Mile Battery, plugging in overnight, in 6 hours you are FULL of electric power. Although, the Public Charging Stations are time consuming for even a modest fill-up, your Garage Charger is very convenient for every day topping off your Electric “Tank.”

🚘 Electric Cars to become mainstream, Two issues must be resolved: (1) Affordable Battery Technology, need to render energy storage at a reasonable cost, giving at least 300 miles of Range. With a bazillion Gas Stations in the US, gas driven cars receive a 300 mile range with a 5 minute Fill-Up. (2) Range per 5 Minute Fill-Up. Charging Stations will have to Deliver a lot more Range, than 5 Miles with a 5 Minute Charge. The DC FAST chargers by ChargePoint are currently the fastest commercial chargers giving a Rate of 200 RPH which equals 16 Miles Range for a 5 Minute charge using the CHAdeMO plug.

🚘 TESLA is getting closer with their Super-Charger Stations that Deliver 100 Miles of Range in 20 Minutes, or 175 Miles in 30 Minutes, Electric Charging gives 5 Miles of Range per Minute … This charging-rate is still relatively slow, to the Time folks are used to at Gas Stations giving 60 miles of Range per Minute. Tesla’s Super-Charger Stations are proprietary for Tesla Cars Only, as Tesla is providing its Power at No Cost to Tesla Drivers.

🚘 Tesla’s Promise of Free Charges Forever, assured by Elon Musk helps to mitigate the relatively slow Charge time [compared to Gas-Fill-Ups]. Tesla’s SuperCharger Stations are Super-Fast [compared to all other charger stations] but are very slow compared to its Gasoline counterpart. Hopefully new Battery technologies will render much Faster Charge Times.

🚘 Some Good News. Society, Governments, and Technology are Focusing on Personal Transportation, The traditional Car: to arrest (an increasing portion of) the Toxic-Fumes spewing into the atmosphere, electric Cars (EVs) are an answer; This Time-Tunnel has most of us digesting: Lithium Ion batteries, Cells, 90 kWh, 70 kWh, LiON Cells, is Bigger Better, How Big is enough, Charger-Stations, Amps, Watts, Volts, Bolts, AC, DC not CD, RPH not MPH… EV’s have NO sign of Toxic Fumes, there’s no Gas-burning, nor tail-pipe Exhaust. To read more about Charging scroll down to ––Previously-Reported–– below this Tesla Purchase walk-through.

🚘 Compare Model X & Model S Briefly: Reviewing Tesla’s web site is a pleasure, well designed and full of attractive, informative dialogs and graphics. Our effort here, is to provide the back-story, analysis, and related information on the topic of Electric Cars. After all, if we’re in the market for an electric car, we need to know What’s What, or Watt.

🚘 Admittedly, before engaging with our Tesla Shopping Spree, it was believed that the Model S was the Larger Car, yes, the “S” is likely lower to the Ground, and it is. Having seen both cars “up close and personal” the Model S visually gives the appearance of being a Heavier, Longer and Wider machine.

🚘 Comparison-List of Specs for Model X and Model S for 9⃣ key measures; the results were quite surprising. Here are a few of the biggest surprises: the Model X is 624 Pounds Heavier, The Model X is Wider by 4″, it’s also Longer by 2″, and more Shoulder Room by 3″ Wider, Head Room is almost 3″ Taller for those big guys, and Hip Room is over 4″ Wider too.

🚘 Truthfully, I’m already “Sold on Tesla” but need to decide, which Model? But after a fairly extensive research effort, to render this article worthwhile, my 1st choice Model changed, back and forth, both ways, this way and that way… I thought this would be an easy pick. Selecting a Car is a personal matter. The Style, Look, Power, AWD, RWD, Utility, Speed, Range, Software, Suspension, Colors and Materials… Which Model is best for you, the “X” or the “S” ? Read on, it may help with your selection.

🚘 The Challenge as Electric Vehicles become “Mainstream” particularly in light of Tesla’s new Model 3 Reveal, midnight (March 31st-April 1st) just three weeks ago, Tesla received over 325,000 Reservation Deposits of $1000 in One Week. This is an unheard of huge global “Reservation-List” for a new Car that no one at the time had actually seen yet, albeit an affordable $35,000 beauty. (We’ve collected some stunning pictures and video clips below).

🚘 Whether it’s TESLA Cars or the other 25-flavors of electric cars sold in the US last year, for example, the Top Three: 92,700 Chevy Volts, 92,500 Nissan Leafs, 63,100 Tesla Model S Cars, are among the 410,000 electric vehicles sold last year, plus 12,200 charging stations and 30,700 Public Charging points in the US. Where are all those Charging locations that have the “Type of Juice” a Tesla requires? How much will it Take? How many Miles can be driven with an Electric Fill-Up? In a Reasonable amount of Time… how much Time?

🚘 The Buzz Words, AC, DC, kWh, SAE-J1772, CHAdeMO, RPH not MPH, DC not CD, Current-Flow, no more High-Test or Low-Test… So What’s with the Watts, Range, Amps, Volts, Bolts and Leafs. Fear Not, scroll-down to this “––Previously Reported––” marker, where we’ve explained many of these terms, which serves as a guide for your New Tesla, to keep you energized and literally Charged. Globally, there are over 1.2 Billion Gas and Electric cars driving on the roads today, with over 600,000 electric cars last year.

🚘 Model S Range Per Charge chart shows four Model S configurations showing the (Milage) Range for a fully charged Model S, that you’d anticipate depending on the Battery Size of 70 kWh or the 90 kWh, and Motor D configuration (2-wheel drive or 4-wheel drive) selections. Notice, Ambient Temperature was turned up to 90ÂșF, Average driving speed was set at 45mph, and the A/C On, using 19″ wheels.

🚘 Tesla Model S 90D Achieves over 400 Mile Range on One Charge, is very impressive, as no other Electric Car has even half this Range. [443 Mile Range with A/C off, 392 Mile Range with A/C on, average driving speed 45mph]. Tesla says, each year, their engineers expect its LiON Battery Technologies will improve kWh Capacity and Range by around 5%-to-10% per Year, due to engineering efficiencies and improvements of the LiON cell structure and chemistry. These individual LiON-Cells are quite important; The 90 kWh LiON battery contains 7104 cells housed within 16 modules, containing 444 cells in each module. [Each Module delivers 25v DC at 225 Amps. The Math: 16 Modules at 25v DC equals 400 vDC at 225Amps, which equals 90kWh of Power.] Tesla’s Lithium Battery pack containing a “bazillion small cells” [well 7104 cells] was probably my biggest surprise.

🔋 TESLA has been thinking about these topics that only great automotive engineers consider regarding Fuel (electric or gas) Efficiency, the $Cost/Mile driven; however, lets keep it simple for now, by excluding these important items: Tire replacement, Drivers’ aggressive driving habits (hard acceleration, braking, hard turns), the engine, drivetrain, fuel-grade, etc. Let’s exclude all the items above, and read on.

🚘 The following items, are very important “external factors” engineers are very interested in, that effect (Milage) $Cost/Mile efficiency: (1) Wind Resistance on the Car’s external surfaces (Coefficient of Aerodynamic Drag), overall-shape, front-grill, door-handles, antennas, windshield-wipers (2) Tire Friction, the interaction of the tires on the paved streets, camber, caster, alignment and (3) the Wheel-Bearings. All these factors require [more] energy to overcome their effect on Car’s performance.

🚘 Considering all these Internal and External Engineering Factors, TESLA has designed a precision 4-door sedan using electric propulsion… winning awards from the entire automotive industry globally, combined with over 80,000 pleased Tesla Model S owners. Elon Musk while on-stage said, the gross margins on the Model S sales, helped to finance the development their new Model 3 Car unveiled April 1 at midnight. While on stage, Musk thanked the audience for buying the Model S… or else the “Model 3 would not be here this evening…” The Model 3 being Tesla’s answer for a truly “affordable electric car” priced at $35,000 for the mainstream.

🚘 Currently, Tesla Motors builds their Model S and Model X to the specifications defined by each Buyer as they order their Custom TESLAs. Currently the Tesla production-line is delivering over 4,100 Tesla cars per month, a bit over 50,000 cars/year during 2015. Next year Model S production is planned to ramp-up to 100,000 cars/year. In 2018 Tesla will begin ramping-up their new Model 3 affordable, $35,000 car for the masses, in effort to satisfy some portion of the 325,000 reservations it received within a week of the Model-3 REVEAL on 4/1/16.

🚘 That said, let’s build our Model S Car with the features we want, as Tesla decided that they are building each Car for each Buyer, not the reverse. Many other car manufacturers produce cars with options the company decided upon, filling Car Lots with large inventories of Cars they Hope someone will want.

🚘 First Step is to decide if we want the 70 kWh Battery or the 90 kWh Battery. The larger 90 kWh battery pack will provide more power and greater Range (miles) for a Full Charge. In gasoline terms, do we want a Larger “Fuel Tank” or a smaller one. Since Electric Vehicles are charged in one’s residential garage, and when on the highways, the number of Tesla SuperChargers, it’s charger infrastructures of 615 Stations is not fully developed; therefore we’d prefer the Longest-Range battery available, to mitigate the issue of fewer Fast-Fueling (Charger) locations.

🚘 Several years from now, having the Largest Battery [largest fuel tank] may be not as important a consideration, as it is today. Therefore, lets select the 90 kWh Battery. Next, do we want 2-wheel drive or 4-wheel drive. With the Model S there are several combinations of choices, for battery size and 2-Wheel or All-Wheel drive. The 90D gives an excellent balance of Range, Power, and 4-Wheel drive.

🚘 TESLA’s Model S 90D All-Wheel drive is selected as displayed above. If we desired greater performance, then the P90D could have been selected for a $20,000 premium. The Model S 90D selection is provides an excellent balance of power and range with a base price of $89,000. Let’s pick this model.

🚘 Next, let’s select the exterior Paint Color, Interior treatments, Panoramic Roof and Wheels. Let’s pick fire engine RED for the Car’s exterior color, a $1500 extra, the panoramic all glass roof for $1500, Next Gen Leather for $2500, standard wheels, Dark Ash wood interior treatment, and the Black Headliner. This brings the Model S price to $98,000 which includes the $3000 Premium interior package shown below.

🚘 TESLA’s Model S: An Important Option to consider is their High Amp Charger package, also known as the Dual-Charger package for $1500. This electronics package is [simply] a more powerful AC-to-DC [internal, under the hood] Converter. If you do not have this High Amp package, you will be trapped at an annoyingly “Very Slow Fill Rate” particularly, when you’re in a hurry during the day. [My guess Tesla will eventually include this as “Standard” equipment.]

🚘 Think about the number of times you’re Driving around town on ÂŒTank. This High Amp Kit permits the Car to be Charged at TWICE the RPH rate (range per hour) with a Public Charger, or your Garage. (in Technical terms for your electrician, the Power requirements: a 100Amp, 240v AC dedicated circuit.) When you Plug into this high power circuit, it permits a FAST-Charge Rate of 60 miles of Range Per Hour, or 60 minutes of Charging, this is RPH. Therefore, plugging-in over night, with 3 hours of charging we’d add 180 miles of driving Range. With the 90 kWh battery, in 3-5 hours we’d get a complete Fill-Up of power for the next days’ driving. This is important, BUT more importantly, is “Filling” your TESLA at a Curb-side Public Charger for 20 miles of Range with only 20 minutes of charging. [We are now at $99,500 for this Car, but we’re not quite done. There are several other Options to consider.]

🚘 TESLA’s Model S AutoPilot Convenience Feature. This package is an on-board Software package installed onto the Car’s Computer System. The Hardware is already included with all Tesla cars. AutoPilot operates by assisting the Driver to stay in-Lane on highways, assists in changing lanes by using its 360Âș array of sensors to guide the Car when you want to change lanes, it also checks for any cars in front or you, plus left & right sides, making sure there is ample and safe distance from the car in front, and adjusting speed up-or-down, to maintain a safe margins. This system also provides for automated Parallel Parking. Tesla as been improving the Tesla onboard computer, presently up to software upgrade 7.1. Tesla will improve and upgrade the Car’s software from time to time [at 3am] when your sleeping… adding new and improved capabilities.

🚘 Tesla is committed to new innovations for its “AutoPilot” program, adding features, to enhance the Driver experience, for Public safety, plus Driver safety and convenience. Elon Musk says Tesla’s GOAL is to have their Tesla AutoPilot function as a true Autonomous-Driving experience, once fully tested and obtains Government DOT approval, said to be “achieved in several years, less than 5.” My thoughts, if we’re buying a $100k+ car, let’s spend another 2.5% and get this amazing driver-assist. Let’s include this $2500 option. [Our next article may be only about Tesla’s AutoPilot, it’s that exciting.]

🚘 TESLA’s Model S Ultra High Fidelity Sound System. Yes, we should have incredible Sound in our very special Ultra-Quite Car. This system redefines the automotive audio experience, but is more than a bigger amplifier and more speakers. This is a $2500 option well worth the added expense; having driven the Model S several months ago, the sound system gives the impression that you’ve entered a “Recording Studio Sound Stage.” Pure, Clean, Detailed, Undistorted, Sound, surrounding You and your Passengers, which otherwise is totally quite with No engine noise nor any road-roar, even when driving on expressways. [We are now up to a $104,500 Model S package. Almost done with Options to consider.]

🚘 TESLA’s Model S: Air Suspension is Very Smart. This package permits the Car to be intelligently elevated [further] above street grade, to handle steep driveways or undulating roads, where having greater ground-clearance is safe and beneficial. The onboard Computer system remembers where the driver made this onScreen elevation-adjustment; When you drive to this same GPS position, the Car will elevate automatically. When you arrive at your driveway or a restaurant, or where Passengers are unloading, the Driver can increase the elevation of the Car, making for an improved exit-experience for yourself, your passengers, and their baggage. We have now completed the Option-package selections; the Model S is priced at $108,200 including Tesla’s $1200 delivery charge and documentation costs.

🚘 TESLA’s Model S final configuration including all the chosen options are displayed in the graphic below. Recall, Tesla has chosen the Customize your Car, “Build-to-Order” business model. Our Car with the options we desire are ordered with a $2500 refundable deposit; Once your Build-to-Order Custom Car enters the Production Line your $2500 deposit, becomes non-refundable. [Buyers are notified (warned) prior to their deposit going “hard”.] Your car should be ready for delivery in about 6 weeks based on Tesla’s current back-log of orders to be filled, or thereafter if we chose a later delivery date, giving consideration for Tesla’s then Production delay.

🚘 TESLA’s Model S: Our Final Configuration with Options, earns an EPA rating of 99 eMPG, the “electric” equivalency of MPG. When charging the Model S with an electric-utility cost of 12Âą/kWh, our Fuel-Cost in miles driven is 3.95Âą/mile, therefore for 15,000 miles driven, the EPA has determined the Annual Cost is $690. According to the EPA in five years the total cost savings is $9,600 as compared to an equivalent Gasoline Powered car. [There is extensive testing performed by the EPA with factory interaction to establish fair EPA Disclosure stickers.]

🚘 In Sum, assuming the Federal Government continues its $7,500 Tax Incentive, combined with the $9,600 five year savings in fuel cost, we’d experience an Overall Savings of $17,100 in Five Years and if she retained the Car for 8 years, we’d save another $5,760 for 3 more years, reaching the 8-year warranty expiration. Our new Tesla Model S car’s cost is $108,200 delivered, (less $17,100 and $5,760) Savings Total of $22,860 for a Model S net cost $85,340 which had an 8 Year [unlimited milage] Battery warranty, and 8 years on the Motor and Drive unit.

Tesla Model X Purchase Summary with Options is consistent with the Model S choices outlined above. Apparently, the four items below, are Options at an extra [$6500] cost for the Model S, however, for Model X these same items are “Standard” and “included” in the base price of the Car: (A) All Glass Panoramic Roof [$1500] (B) 20″ Premium Wheels [$2500] (C) Black Alcantara Headliner (D) Smart Suspension [$2500]. If visiting http://www.Tesla.com in their Design Studio for the Model X, there are selections for added Seating for up to 7 passengers, otherwise the Model X seats 5 comfortably.

Compare Tesla Model S with Model X Physical Specifications. When examining the specifications of these two Cars, the Model X external Car Body is longer in length and wider in width; Either Car Body is attached to the exact same Wheel Base Frame. Without getting into the weeds, both Cars have the exact same wheel-base, front wheel tracking, and rear wheel tracking. However, there are nine important differences worth mentioning listed below

1⃣ Model X Curb Weight is 5,271 Pounds, Heavier by 624 pounds, surprisingly
2⃣ Model X Length, overall is 16’6″, Longer by about 2.3″
3⃣ Model X Width, overall, Mirrors folded is 7’5″, Wider by about 4.2″
4⃣ Model X Ground Clearance is 7.55″, Higher Above-Ground by 1.9″
5⃣ Model X Shoulder Room is 60.7″, Wider by 3.0″, noticeable by Big folks
6⃣ Model X Leg Room Average is 39.8″, Longer by 0.4″, no one will notice
7⃣ Model X Head Room is 41.7″, Higher by 2.9″, noticeable by Tall folks
8⃣ Model X Hip Room Rear Seats is 59.0″, Wider by 4.3″, noticeable by Big folks
9⃣ Model X Cargo Room is 77 cu.ft., Larger by 46 cu.ft. due to Hatchback design

🔋 High-Power DC Charger Stations are the future of Electric Vehicles adoption by the masses. This is the Main reason Tesla is building a huge infrastructure of SuperCharger Stations. The drive-in charger lanes deliver 120 kWh of DC directly into Tesla Cars, where you can add 170 miles of Range in 30 minutes, or 100 miles of Range in 20 minutes, etc. Cost and over-heating issues, limit the power levels an EV Car’s internal rectifier-circuit can handle in the vehicle. Therefore, for power requirements over 240vAC at 80 Amps (19.2 kWh), external charging station are more efficient delivering DC power directly into the vehicle’s LiON battery. Combine these factors with the EV industry’s desire to “Refill EV Cars quickly…”

Visit Tesla’s Charging Calculator, to change Energy cost or another parameter. (All samples displayed are set for $0.12/kWh the US average for Electricity) This Link contains the Charging Calculator, then scroll-Down to the Calculator. https://www.teslamotors.com/models-charging#/calculator.

Charging Examples displayed below Demonstrate a Residential Garage setup, using a 100A, 240v AC dedicated circuit, for charging all Tesla Models that contain the $1500 optional High Amperage Charger. This setup in the Car and in the Garage, delivers 19.2 kWh of Power into the Car’s High Amperage Charger which converts the high power AC to DC to energize the massive 1200 pound Tesla Battery pack.


🔋 Engineering Patents for AC Synchronous Motors was First Patented over 100 years ago by Nikola Tesla, who first used the “Change of Frequency of AC current” to Change the Rotational-speed of an AC Motor, today referred to as “Synchronous Motors.”

🔋 TESLA Motors use of AC Frequency-Control, is the technique used by the well known luxury Tesla Model-S Cars, actually this method is employed by all three Tesla Car Models, the S, X, and their new Model 3 that has over 325,000 reservation deposits. This frequency-control method was so impressive to Elon Musk, the enterprise named their company Tesla Motors, Inc.: http://www.tesla.com

🔋 A well known example of the use of synchronous motors, is with small household Electric Clocks. These clocks are powered by 60 cycles-per-second AC line current. The frequency of the AC power is used to drive the second-hand of these electric clocks. FYI, the frequency of 60cps AC for the entire US electric Grid, is managed by the FCC to assure the accuracy of the AC frequency, as many devices plugged-in, rely on the exactness of the frequency of 60.00000 CPS.

🔋 High Voltage DC-FAST chargers offer 50, 100, 200 RPH, range per one hour charge rates. This is 2-times, 4-times, and 8-times the Charging Rate, respectively, than the rate for available for curb-side 240v AC chargers.

🔋 Tesla Model-S is an all electric Car we view as a truly attractive Electric Car, having sold since 2012, over 125,000 TESLA cars Sold as of March, 2016. Granted a Tesla Car is three-times the price of a Nissan LEAF, Toyota’s Prius, or the Chevy Volt and Bolt; however, Electric Cars do not have to be unattractive. LEXUS Rx 450h Hybrid SUV is quite attractive, and looks the same as the Rx 350 its Gasoline counterpart, for these $45k SUVs.

🔋 TESLA SuperCharger Stations Deliver 350 Miles of Range Per Hour, RPH = 350, an acronym in the Electric Car Industry. Tesla Stations have 6 drive-in lanes on average proprietary charger stations for Tesla Cars, (Model S, Model X & Model 3).

🔋 Tesla SuperCharger Stations will only accept Tesla Cars as Tesla Motors owns the Stations, where the charging is Free for Tesla Car owners. Each charger-lane delivers 120 kWh of Power: 400vDC at 300Amps, flowing directly into the car’s LiON battery. There’s no AC to DC conversion, as the Power is already DC. The Super-High-Power DC Electricity flows into Tesla’s LiOn battery. DC current-flow is regulated real-time by the Car’s internal computer system. The SuperCharger Station chargers deliver about 5.5 Miles of Range per Minute of charging, or 170 Miles of Range in 30 minutes. 5.5 Miles of Range per Minute.

âžĄïž Tesla Cars’ Electronics Rapid-Charger Package internally, permits selection of the Power-Type (AC or DC), and Power-Rating, as all Tesla Cars accepts a Charge from a number of power-types and sources, using the Tesla charging Plug and Cable or by using an Adapter. If a Tesla driver chooses to charge at a Public curb-side pylon charger, the driver would need either a J1772 adapter for AC Power or a CHAdeMO adapter for DC Power, both Power Adapters supplied by Tesla Motors for $600. Until Tesla has time to expand its network of SuperCharger Stations, it may be advisable to have both Power Adapters in the Trunk in the event you are driving in rural locations outside TESLA’s charger network.

âžĄïž Tesla Super-Charger Garage Charger setup for Tesla owners, require an electrician to create a separate 240vAC 100 Amp, 19.2 kWh hard-wired circuit. For this Wall-Mounted Super-Charger setup, 19.2 kWh of AC power is converted in the Car into DC power, which “Flows” into the LiON Battery. This Super-Charger 19.2 kWh Residential Garage charger setup delivers about 1 Mile of Range per Minute of charging, or 60 Miles of Range per Hour.

âžĄïž All Tesla Car Models have an internal Rapid-Charger Electronics Package that permits rapid charging using the 100 Amp 240v AC, 19.2 kWh electrical Service. (Previously, the 19.2 kWh Electronics Rapid-Charge Package, displayed at left, was an option that had to be ordered when the Car was purchased, at an extra cost. Today this internal Rapid-Charger Package is Tesla “Standard” equipment for all Models as of January, 2016). TESLA’s onboard Computer continuously manages the DC Current-Flow, generally requiring 3-to-5 hours for a rapid residential “Fill-Up.” Delivers about 1 Mile of Range per Minute

âžĄïž Tesla Cars use its internal onboard-charger which converts AC-to-DC power, using TESLA’s Wall-Mounted Garage Charger. This setup connected to a standard 240vAC, 40A circuit, a Clothes DRYER Outlet. Tesla provides a “Dryer Plug” adapter with the Car, permitting you to plug directly into your standard Dryer outlet, a 9.6 kWh circuit. For Tesla’s home charger setups, 240vAC, 9.6 kWh Power is converted in the Car into DC power which “Flows” into the LiON Battery. TESLA’s onboard Computer continuously manages the DC Current-Flow, generally requiring 6-to-10 hours for an overnight “Fill-Up,” or about 5 Miles of Range every 10 minutes.

âžĄïž Tesla Drivers should be familiar with Charger-Types and Miles of Range for each ONE Hour of charging will be added into the Car’s Battery. Listed below are two currently available Residential Wall-Mounted Chargers: 1⃣ and 2⃣ are 240v AC chargers; followed by high-power DC chargers that are commercially available: 3⃣, 4⃣ and 5⃣ are 400v DC chargers. Recall, RPH refers to the number of Miles of Range that can be added into your Battery for each One Hour of charging, abbreviated as RPH = Range Per Hour. If time is important, these RPH values may be proportional. For example, if a Tesla Driver arrives at 5⃣ a TESLA SuperCharger Station and only has 30 minutes available for charging, then the Tesla Car would receive about 175 Miles of Range in 30 minutes.

1⃣ Tesla Home Garage Circuit, 9.6 kWh at 40 Amps AC, delivers 25 RPH
2⃣ Tesla Home Garage Circuit, 19.2 kWh at 80 Amps AC, delivers 50 RPH
3⃣ ChargePoint Express-100, 25 kWh at 62 Amps DC, delivers 100 RPH
4⃣ ChargePoint Express-200, 50 kWh at 125 Amps DC, delivers 200 RPH
5⃣ Tesla SuperCharger Station 120 kWh at 300 Amps DC, delivers 350 RPH

âžĄïž TESLA Cars can receive charging from a variety of station configurations, Public and Private, some are Free, some requiring a $Fee, available in two current types (AC or DC), delivering a range of power capacities

1⃣ Lower Power 240v AC at 9.6 kWh in Driver’s Garage & Public curb-side pylons
2⃣ Medium Power 240v AC at 19.2 kWh in Driver’s Garage & Public curb-side pylons
3⃣ High Power 400v DC at 25kWh, 50kWh, 120 kWh Charger Stations

âžĄïž Below is a summary of Stations and Chargers that Tesla Car Drivers should be familiar with.

1⃣ Residential Garage Set-ups with 40Amp or 80 Amp 240vAC circuits delivering moderate power of 9.6 kWh to 19.2 kWh delivering 25 RPH to 50 RPH charging rates
2⃣ Public Curb-Side Pylons chargers or Wall-Mounted chargers both provided by ChargePoint and other private retail stations with over 40,000 domestic locations
3⃣ Tesla SuperCharger Stations, delivering the highest Range Per Hour charging, with over 600 locations


🔋 Tesla’s Model-3 REVEAL Show was presented by ELON MUSK on March 31st at 9pm PDT, two weeks ago. The Model-3 is redefining what an affordable, $35,000 Electric Car looks and drives. Within just ONE week, Tesla received over 325,000 Reservation Deposits for the Model-3, everyone knowing the Model-3 will not begin to emerge from the Production Line until “…Late 2017…” According to Elon Musk during his presentation.

🔋 Five Video Clips have been selected to give you the story in the best venue possible. As the ancient proverb goes: “…a Picture is worth a thousand words…,” then these Videos represent an entire Textbook. If you were to only watch a clip or two, select the select #1 and #4. The item #5 is Elon Musk’s presentation. Once you visualize #1 clip, you will be motivated to see all of them.

🚘 1. Front Seat Camera – Model-3 Test Drive: http://youtu.be/TiWOKBMTDvc
🚘 2. Front Seat Camera – Model-3 Test Drive: https://youtu.be/16SWVS56aZU
🚘 3. Rear Seat Camera – Model-3 Test Drive: http://youtu.be/yTRL5u57ukE
🚘 4. Hidden Features of – Model-3 Test Drive: http://youtu.be/Qr2FaDh-Hlg
🚘 5. Stage Center Show – Model-3 REVEAL: http://youtu.be/dmKvuRw4up4


🔋 Tesla SuperCharger Stations employs high-Voltage (400v), high-Amperage (300 Amp), resulting in high-Power (120kWh), Super Fast charging. These dedicated Charging Stations deliver a strong 120 kWh DC Charge, directly into the Tesla LiON Battery. The SuperCharger Stations bypass the usual AC to CD conversion found in other Public Charging Pylons.

🔋 Public Curb-Side ChargePoint Chargers, for example, Level-2 chargers, 240v 30 Amp AC (6.6 kWh Power) is delivered into the EV Car’s charging-port. AC-to-DC conversion occurs within the EV Car’s internal system, as with Home “Dryer Plug” setups. Level-1 chargers deliver 120vAC into the EV Cars. ChargePoint Charger Pylons with their SAE-J1772 Plug accommodate Chrysler, GM, Ford, Toyota, Honda, Nissan, and Tesla EV Cars.

🔋 As displayed on the Green Charging Profile Graph, with Tesla Super-Charger Stations, an 80% charge-level (170 miles of Range) can be added to the Battery in only 30 minutes, or 100 Miles of Range can be added to the Battery in about 20 minutes.

🔋 As the Tesla LiON Battery nears the 80% charge-level, TESLA’s onboard Computer controls the charging rate, by gradually reducing the current-flow into the LiON Battery to a low-optimum-level charging cycle.

(A) Complete remaining 20% charge process
(B) Top-off the LiON Cells in low-power mode
(C) LiON Battery receives gentile charging process
(D) Permits a slow charge for remaining 20%
(E) Cool-Down Period for 30 minutes while charging
(F) LiON Battery has been receiving 120 kWh charging-power causing temperature increase of the battery
(G) TESLA’s onboard Computer activates the battery’s Fluid-Circulation System
(H) Fluid-Circulation System controls internal temperature of LiON Cell Array which contains over 7,100 LiON Cells, each slightly larger than an standard AA Battery
(J) Heat-Exchanger (an air-over Radiator) circulates Fluid from the LiON Battery, to the front of the EV Car’s “Radiator” then circulates back to the Battery in a sealed system, removing any excess heat from LiON battery.

🔋 Charging a LiON Battery is like Filling a Glass with Carbonated Soda without it Fizzing over. Fill the glass of Soda to 80% full; then allow the fizzing to settle, thereafter reduce Soda-flow, steadily preventing bubble-over, and overfill. In LiON battery terms, this is similar to reducing the current-flow (limiting the kWh level) in order to balance cell-voltage and cell temperature, ultimately tapering down to a trickle as it nears 100% full.

🔋 The Tesla EV Charging-Profile recommends charging the Tesla LiON battery to 80% to save time, which typically adds enough Mile-Range (170 miles) to reach the next Supercharger station on your journey, or to arrive at your garage (charger). SuperCharging requires 30-40 minutes to achieve an 80% charge level. Charging the final 20% requires another 30 minutes to achieve a Full 100% Charge. Most folks may not desire to “hang-out” at the Charging Station for 60-70 minutes. Tesla attempts to Build its Super-Charger Stations near Malls or Coffee Shops to accommodate Tesla drivers, while they wait for the charging to complete.

🔋 Using the Tesla Supercharger is as easy as using your Garage’s Wall Connector. Simply plug the cable into the Car’s port, walk away, open your Tesla iPhone App, and in approximately 30 minutes, check your Tesla Car’s LCD Control for the charge Level attained.

🔋 Tesla Motors Software Engineers created a very useful iPhone APP (available Free at the App Store) to view your Tesla Car’s Charging Progress remotely, if you are walking around the Mall or having Coffee or Lunch near the Station. The Tesla Car 17″ LCD display monitors your Model-S charging progress; but the Car also transmits the charging status securely with WiFi to your iPhone, transmitting the Charge-Level that the Station added enough (or not) Range in Miles, to get to your Destination, or if you’re on a Trip, the next Charging station.

🔋 Tesla’s iPhone APP is a very convenient connection to your Tesla Car. When launched your iPhone becomes a Remote Control and Status Monitor of your Tesla Car, from anywhere 20 feet to 2000 miles from your Car. This may be used for Checking on your Charging-Progress when you’re “plugged-in” to a Charger Station and a variety of purposes as listed below. This iPhone APP connects to your Tesla Car using the Internet.

🔋 Every Tesla Electric Car has its own separate Internet Connection. This connectivity used routinely by (A) TESLA’s APP to communicate your Car’s information and for you to send commands like “Flash the Head-Lights” and (B) Tesla Motors Engineers to DownLoad new Software updates for the TESLA Car’s Operating System when they become available. For example, software version 7.1 enabled a new ‘Summon’ feature that lets drivers Park or Retrieve their cars using AutoPilot, with no Driver inside the Car. Tesla can automatically update your Car’s software at night when you are resting. This Internet connectivity is the connection that the iPhone App logs into to accomplish the items listed below.

✔ Verify your Car’s Charging Progress from anywhere
✔ Cool your Car while you are finishing a Lunch meeting, so it’s Cool before driving (or Heated), if it’s parked at Street Curb or if its Parked in a Garage
✔ Locate your Car with detailed directions
✔ Track your Car on a Map as its being Driven by others
✔ Flash the Car’s Headlights or Honk the Horn, to help you Locate your Car when Parked in a crowded Lot
✔ Vent the Car or Close the its Panoramic roof
✔ Lock or unlock your Car from anywhere
✔ For More information visit: http://www.TeslaMotors.com

🔋 All Model-S, Model-X and Model-3 delivered after July, 2015 includes the Super-Charging electronics package, as “Standard” equipment. Prior to this date the SuperCharger package was a $2500 option. This internal circuitry delivers 80A @ 240vAC from your Garage power Box, into the Car; The Tesla’s internal SuperCharger package converts this AC power to 400vDC for delivery into the LiON battery.

🔋 Tesla SuperCharger Stations vs. Tesla Car’s internal Super-Charger. For clarity, Tesla has installed over 600 Super-Charger Stations for use by Tesla drivers. These stations are the most powerful (120 kWh) and the quickest method to “Fill” the LiON Battery with Power. The AC to DC conversion occurs at the Charger’s Pylon. For Residential, Office, and Destination “Super-Charger” installations, the 80A at 240vAC, or 19.2 kWh of AC power, is delivered into the Vehicle. With these Chargers 240v AC is delivered into the Cars charging port. The AC to DC conversion occurs inside the Tesla Car’s Super-Charger electronics package housed internally.

🔋 SuperCharging takes advantage of the unique Tesla LiON Battery Architecture that makes Model-S P90D for example, the quickest sedan in the world, accelerating from 0-to-60 mph in 2.8 seconds. This acceleration requires a Strong Power-Draw from the Car’s LiON battery, powering the front and rear electric Motors. The connections, cell chemistry, and the battery cooling system, are all engineered to “move massive levels of power” from the battery to the front and rear electric motors, during Hard Accelerations and for Up-Hill driving.

🔋 Driving causes Battery Discharging. Charging uses the Car’s power-systems to move electric energy quickly into the Battery. When Driving power moves from LiON battery to energize the Tesla Car motors and other systems such as AirConditioning and Lighting. Super-Charging utilizes the car’s LiON capacity to flow a similar amount of power back into the battery through the dedicated high voltage cables. The car’s onboard computer constantly monitors the battery during both driving and charging to ensure that Tesla EV Car performs at peak levels.

🔋 Tesla SuperCharger Station are capable of charging at 120 kWh of Power. Presently no other commercially available EV charging stations offer this high-power charging level. Tesla SuperChargers, the charge received, equates to adding 170 miles of Range to the Battery achieved in just 30 minutes at the station. Public charging stations provide 6.6 kWh and 18 kWh, known as Level-2 stations, offering significantly lower charging rates, as compared to Tesla’a 120 kWh chargers. Additionally, there is another system called “DC Fast” which charges at 44 kWh using the CHAdeMO Plug. Tesla Cars may connect to these other systems using the SAE-J1772 Adapter or the CHAdeMO Adaptor, that Tesla offers to Model-S drivers for a total $600 cost for both adapters.

🔋 ChargePoint Public Charging Stations. ChargePoint branded charging stations is the Nations largest network for EV Car charging. Five years ago ChargePoint received Private Funding and Federal/State Grants to help create their Nationwide Electric Charging Infrastructure. Presently ChargePoint services the 600,000 Nissan Leaf EVs, Chevy Volts & Bolts, VWs, and BMWs on the Road.

🔋 Public Charging Stations – ChargePoint’s over 27,000 Public Charger Pylons are available Nationwide. They Charge at a Rating of Level-2, which Charges at 6.6 kWh Power Capacity, each using the SAE-J1772 Receptacle, used by most or all of the (non-Tesla) EVs commercially available in the US.

🔋 ChargePoint Express offers two high-power Chargers commercially available. ChargePoint Express 100 is a 24kW output, wall-mounted stations that charges at a rate of up to 100 RPH (miles of Range Per Hour), and ChargePoint Express 200 is a 50kW output (Bollard) Pylon-Pole stations that charges at a rate of up to 200 RPH (miles of Range Per Hour).

🔋 The Express 200 Chargers have dual cable-connectors, to serve two clients simultaneously, where station owners can attract and serve all EVs with faster charging capabilities. As Electric propulsion Cars become mainstream, more chargers with faster charging capabilities will emerge to the benefit of all drivers. In a few years, the electric car driver will have almost as many “Filler-Up” Electric stations as Gas stations.

🔋 ChargePoint has created an iPhone APP to help precisely Locate all of their Charging Locations in the US, and displays whether the station is “Free Power” (or not) showing the Cost-per-Hour ranging from Free, to $3/hour or $5/hour; ChargePoint provides a loyalty card that you may Load with your Funds securely on-line. Some of the Pylons will accept a variety of Credit Cards and NFC payment methods.

🔋 The ChargePoint App is very easy to use. With the iPhone’s touch-screen you can pinch-zoom, in or out, to display a street-resolution showing exactly where the ChargePoint Pylon is located within several feet. The Map displays the site location with a Green Arrow showing you exactly where the Station is located, and pin-points Your Location using the iPhone’s GPS, showing the Miles needed to get to these stations in your area.

🔋 If the Stations are “available” the station-icon is a Green Circle, if one or more of the Pylons are available or occupied otherwise the Circle is All or Partially Gray if stations are occupied. Very intuitive with ⭐ Ratings and remarks regarding the Station Manager’s helpfulness if they are owned by a Car dealer or a Retail Store, for example. Otherwise many of the ChargePoint Pylon locations may be installed Street-Side or in Garages with no attendant.

🔋 ChargePoint Stations charge at Level-2 Rated 6.6 kWh Power capacity. Level-2 Charging Stations deliver about 10 Miles of Range for each ONE hour of charging. This represents only 5.88% of the Charging-Rate that Tesla SuperCharger 120 kWh Power Stations deliver, at NO cost to Tesla Drivers. Tesla SuperCharger Stations deliver 170 Mile Range in 30 Minutes.

🔋 Incidentally, TESLA created an Adapter for your Tesla Car, a SAE-J1772 adapter for $95 cost, to permit you to Charge your Tesla Car at any of ChargePoint’s 27,000 Pylons, if you are in need of a slow-charge. Adding 10 miles of Range/Hour, is better than not getting charged if you’re in need. This adapter is easy to connect to ChargePoint’s Power Cord Plug, with the other end of the Adapter fitted to your Tesla Car’s Charging Receptacle. Each end of the SAE-J1772 Adapter are visibly quite different, so you cannot make a mistake when attaching this adapter.

🔋 Now we know why TESLA named its 120 kWh Charging Stations, SuperCharger Stations. Tesla said it will have over 7,000 Tesla SuperCharger stations and 15,000 Destination Chargers by the time the Model-3 begins to roll-off the Production line (by 12/2017). Presently, in the US, Europe, and Asia Tesla has created its own infrastructure (at no charging cost to Tesla Drivers) of 613 SuperCharger Stations housing 3,628 Charger Pylons in these Stations, an average of 6 Charging Lanes per Station.

🔋 In Sum, there are many factors that affect actual Charge Rate performance, regarding the LiON Battery’s condition including

(A) Exterior ambient temperature of the surroundings (Summer or Winter)
(B) Battery internal temperature
(C) Battery Attrition, after 100k miles driven, capacity reduces to 92% of new
(D) Electric Utility power-grid restrictions
(E) Charging Traffic in your Vicinity, brown-outs, plus other factors
(F) Tesla and ChargePoint are constantly incorporating owner-feedback into its maintenance, research, and development efforts to improve Drivers’ Charging experience.

🔋 TESLA SuperCharger Stations are currently the most powerful charging stations delivering 120 kWh of DC energy into Tesla Cars using their own proprietary Plug and Cable. Applying this energy factor, Tesla SuperCharger Stations deliver 350 RPH (350 miles of range for a One Hour of charging). Presently Tesla Stations charge their Car Batteries at Full Charger Power until the battery reaches 80%, then the Car’s onBoard Computer reduces the charging-rate for the remaining 20% until a Full Charge is achieved.

🔋 Today, TESLA’s largest Battery is 90 kWh capacity, with an EPA rated range of 255 Milage Range on the Model S with 4-Wheel Drive, Front & Rear Motors. Since Tesla SuperCharger stations, charges at a 350 RPH, once the battery reaches 205 miles of range, with the 90 kWh battery, the Car’s computer system reduces the charging-rate. Therefore if you arrived at the SuperCharger with 35 Miles remaining in the LiON battery, then within 30 minutes you’d add 170 miles of range, bringing your total range to 205 miles. Beyond 205 Miles of Range, the charging-rate reduces as the Battery will be at 80% of Full.

🔋 TESLA’s SuperCharger Stations have a greater charging capacity than TESLA’s largest LiON Battery currently. When Tesla batteries in the future have an EPA rated 440 Mile Range, then their SuperCharger stations will be able to add 350 Miles of range with a One Hour charge. Note, 350/440 equals 80%. At 80% of Full, is the point at which the Tesla Car will begin limiting the charging-rate for the 20% balance, to reach Fully Charged.

🔋 Tesla Model-S with 85 kWh Battery achieved 400 Range on a Single Charge. Note the EPA states, the Model S with 85 kWh LiON battery, 2-Wheel Rear Drive Motor, the City/Highway milage is 88 eMPG City, 90 eMPG Highway, with an EPA rated Range of 265 Miles. The Driver was able to drive 400.1 miles on relatively flat rural Florida roads, on a cool day, with very few stops. TESLA’s Dash Board was photographed showing the milage. We’ve added an expanded “bubble” shown in larger type, the milage seen in Green Car Reports’ article. Owner, David Metcaff continued to drive another 18 miles before the battery was “empty” for a total range of 423 Miles. To read the entire article in Green Car Reports visit: http://goo.gl/c27dJq

🔋 TESLA studying the state of the EV industry, designed their own Proprietary Charging Plug & Socket for their New TESLA Electric Cars, for the convenience of their Drivers; After visualizing the Huge CHAdeMO Plug, Tesla new that following this industrial consortium was “not in the cards.” Apparently Tokyo Electric Company had too much influence on the Consortium of Nissan, Chevrolet, VW, and BMW, in 2010 when designing and agreed to the CHAdeMO Plug & Socket.

🔋 CHAdeMO Plug & Socket designed to Energize EV Cars using DC Current, by a Consortium of EV Car Manufacturers and the Tokyo Power Company resulted in a Relatively Huge arrangement. Look at the size of the CHAdeMO “nozzle” compared to the service attendant’s hand.

🔋 How did the CHAdoMO Plug, Socket, and Cable standards emerge for the Electric Car industry? Consumer’s demand for rapid battery charging of their EV Cars, was accommodated by the power companies and the automotive industries establishing agreed upon “Standards” (circa 2010).

🔋 CHAdeMO was formed by Nissan, Mitsubishi, Subaru, Toyota, and Tokyo Electric Power Company, by forming a consortium to standardize the DC connector Plug and Socket for the quick charging of Electric Vehicles (EV). Most electric vehicles (EVs) have an on-board charger that uses a rectifier-circuit to transform AC electricity into DC (direct current) suitable for recharging EV’s LiON batteries.

🔋 CHAdeMO standards established the power-level and type of current. The consortium agreed that the “standard” for the High-Voltage parameter would be DC, direct current of up to 500vDC, and High-Current limit of 125 Amps. Additionally the CHAdeMO direct current, DC PLUG and SOCKET would be the connectors, for all “fast charging” DC Fueling Stations, and Sockets would be universally employed by all the EV automobile manufacturers. Without these standards in place there would be chaos between EV car manufactures and companies manufacturing the High-Power Chargers for fueling stations.

🔋 Look at the Massive size of the CHAdeMO plug; my guess is the Tokyo Power Company had an undue influence on the group, as they agreed to the standards 6 years ago.

🔋🛱🔋 The Magic Inside TESLA Model-S Powerful LiON Battery 🔋🛱🔋

🔋 Introduction to TESLA’s Model-S, for those unfamiliar with TESLA’s Electric Propulsion Cars. For those who can afford $85,000+ Luxury Car, or for the many a $35,000 Model-3. 2016 is a game changer for Tesla, offering what a traditional combustion-engine luxury sedans do, without the harmful Emissions and Likely Expensive Gasoline Fill’Ups.

🔋 EPA has determined, Tesla Electric Cars earn a Milage Rating of 88eMPG City : 90eMPG Highway. eMPG is the petroleum-fuel-equivalency, for rating Electric Powered Cars. The 3 TESLA’s Electric Propulsion Cars, the Model-S, Model-X, and the new Model-3, Cost Lower than 5Âą per Mile Driven for all Tesla Electric Cars, see EPA Chart below).

🔋 Fuel Cost for TESLA’s Electric Propulsion Cars. Today’s Cost of Electricity averages 13Âą per Kilowatt Hour, Nationally. The Cost to operate TESLA’s Electric Cars at 13Âą/kWh is on average $725 for 15,000 miles driven (see EPA chart below), which equals 5Âą per Mile Driven for Tesla LiON Electric Propulsion Cars (with No exhaust fumes containing CO₂, CO, and No Noxious Gasses and Soot discharged into our atmosphere).

🛱 Fuel Cost for Gasoline Powered Cars with 420hp Engines consumes on average 24MPG, miles per gallon. Therefor, for each 15,000 miles driven, 625 Gallons of gasoline are consumed (with Exhaust Fumes containing CO₂, CO, Noxious Gasses, and Soot that are discharged into the atmosphere). If current gasoline prices are $2.25 per gallon, then the Cost to drive 15,000 miles is $1,406 or 9.37± per Mile Driven with Gasoline Engine Powered Cars.

🛱 Several Years ago Gasoline prices were over $4.25 per Gallon; We may likely experience similar increased Gasoline prices again in a few years. Therefor, for the same 15,000 miles driven, and the same 625 Gallons of Gas purchased (for 24mpg Cars) the Gasoline Cost would increase to $2,656 (at $4.25/Gallon of Gasoline). This equates to 17.7± per Mile Driven. Notice the examples for three prices of Gasoline followed by three prices of Electricity and their respective Driving Costs/Mile.

🛱 Gasoline Powered Cars: 24mpg Engines: Cost for Mile Driven

🛱 $2.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 9.37± / Mile Driven
🛱 $3.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 13.5± / Mile Driven
🛱 $4.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 17.7± / Mile Driven
🛱 $5.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 21.9± / Mile Driven

🔋 TESLA Electric Propulsion Cars: 85kWh LiON Battery: Cost / Mile Driven

🔋 TESLA Electric Powered Cars: Electricity Cost 11± / kWh: 4.09± / Mile Driven 🔋 TESLA Electric Powered Cars: Electricity Cost 13± / kWh: 4.83± / Mile Driven 🔋 TESLA Electric Powered Cars: Electricity Cost 15± / kWh: 5.58± / Mile Driven

🛱 Gasoline price fluctuations, do not directly relate to the current 13Âą/kWh Electrical Power Costs to the Public. A significant portion of Nation’s Electrical Power Generation is fueled by four main sources other than the thousands of Petroleum (Oil or Diesel) Fueled Power Plants, plus a number of Geo Thermal, Wind and Solar Powered Plants, according to current EPA statistics:

(A) 99 Nuclear Power Reactors in 30 States
(B) 557 Coal Powered Electric Power Plants
(C) 7,304 Natural Gas Powered Electric Plants, plus
(D) 2,540 HydroElectric Powered Dams in the USA.

🔋🛱🔋 Model-S came to fruition in 2012, it being the first attractive, modern, powerful, all-electric propulsion, 4 door, 5 passenger Sedan. All Model-S sedans have the same body as one would expect in a seat five passenger car. Cargo space is available under the front hood (which Tesla calls a “frunk,” a wordsmith for “front trunk”).

🔋🛱🔋 TESLA in October 2014 the upgraded Model-S P85D, (D for dual-motors) was introduced. The upgraded Model-S versions feature two electric motors, the primary motor powers the rear-wheels as in all prior versions, and a second electric motor powers the front wheels, coordinated by computer control. Model-S dual-motor versions available for the basic 85 kWh, and now the 90kWh versions.

🔋🛱🔋 TESLA introduced the Model S 70D as its new $75,000 entry-level car in April 8, 2015, with all-wheel drive and an improved range of 240 miles (MPC miles per charge). The 85D, an AWD car with greater range, and the P85D, the high-power rear drive unit is retained, while a new front drive motor boosts the total power by about 50%.

🔋🛱🔋 Four-Wheel Drive electric propulsion results in a significant increase in acceleration and top speed. The 85 kWh version is $86,070, while the P85D is $105,670. Deliveries of the P85D started in December 2014, with the 85D models starting in February 2015, and the 70D models starting in April 2015.

🔋🛱🔋 TESLA’s Cars, with a 0-to-60-mph accelerating time ranging from under 6 seconds for the Model-3, and for the Model-S, 0-to-60-mph ranges from 4.4 seconds to 2.8 seconds, these TESLA Models are Winning over the most skeptical folks, there are over 80,000 Tesla electric Cars presently on the road, plus 325,000+ reservations for their new Model-3, to commence Production in “Late 2017” according to TESLA.

🔋🛱🔋 Elon Musk may be considered the 21st Century’s “combination” of Thomas Edison and Henry Ford. In 2016 Tesla Model-3, Model-S, and Model-X electric-performance sedans, Musk has created not only a viable alternative to the traditional combustion-engine Cars, but a Line of Vehicles that have Captured the Public’s imagination. With their sleek design, impressive range, and varied performance upgrade packages, these three Models should “scare the heck out of OPEC.”

🔋🛱🔋 Tesla has also taken the Bold Steps of building its own Tesla Charger Station Infrastructure, Nationally and Globally. Tesla is Installing a network of “Supercharger” charging stations ($350k each) at strategic locations across the country. TESLA’s performance abilities dwarf some supercars and at prices well in line with most mid-size and full-size luxury sedans, arguments support owning any of TESLA’s three Models.

🔋🛱🔋 Currently Tesla has 613 Supercharger Stations with 3,628 Superchargers (an average of 6 per charging station) in operation as of 2016, plus thousands of Destination Chargers, Tesla Chargers that are installed on private Resorts, Hotels, and Shopping Centers, to accommodate their guests and shoppers.

🔋🛱🔋 TESLA’s Model-S luxury 4-Door Sedan contains a 85 kWh battery-pack weighing 1,200 pounds, containing 7,104 lithium-ion (LiON) battery cells, housed in 16 modules

🔋🛱🔋 (âžĄïž) 85 kWh Battery Contains an Array of 7,104 LiON Cells, divided into 16 Modules
(A) 16 Modules (with 444 LiON Cells each) wired in Series
(B) 1 Module contains 6 Groups, wired in Series
(C) 1 Group contains 74 cells, wired in Parallel
(D) 85kWh Battery has 7,104 LiON Cells = (16x6x74)
(E) 1 Module Delivers 25vDC @ 212.5 Amps
(F) 16 Modules Deliver 400vDC @ 212.5 Amps
(G) LiON Battery Power: 400v X 212.5A = 85kWh
(H) Commencing June 2012, the 85kWh battery pack is modified with Panasonic LiON cells using Nickel-Cobalt-Aluminum Cathodes.

🔋🛱🔋 Physical size for each LiON cell complies with “18650” industry standard size (Cell Cylinder size = 18 mm diameter, by 65 mm high), similar to the Panasonic NCR18650B Cell with an energy density of 265 Wh/kg.

🔋🛱🔋 LiON Battery Cost is estimated to be 20% of Model-S car cost. The LiON battery Warranty is 8-Years, with unlimited milage. The separate Battery Replacement guarantee takes effect after 8-year Warranty, at a cost of $12,000 for 85 kWh battery. List price for a Replacement Battery is $44,000 without guarantee.

🔋🛱🔋 TESLA’s 85 kWh Battery’s Warranty is 8-years with unlimited milage. A survey of Model-S owners indicate the accumulated battery-loss is about 5% for the first 30,000 miles, thereafter capacity attrition is 1% for next 30,000 miles, and Down 1% for each additional 30,000 miles.

🔋🛱🔋 Tesla’s LiON Battery Capacity Attrition Rate is 92.5% for the first 100k Miles Driven: At the completion of the 2nd 100,000 miles driven, the LiON battery capacity reduces by another 3.5% for a Total Attrition of 89% Capacity after 200,000 miles are driven as compared to the LiON Battery’s initial charge-capacity. TESLA’s “battery guarantee” does not specify any excessive-battery-capacity-attrition limitation.

🔋🛱🔋 Battery Attrition in Perspective. The typical Driver travels about 12,000 miles to 15,000 miles per Year. Therefor to Drive 100,000 miles it would take the average driver from 6.6 years to 8.3 years, for an overall average of 13,500 miles driven per Year. This equals 7.4 years for the average driver to reach 100,000 Miles driven. This math is likely how TESLA arrived at its Tesla 8-Year Warranty for the Battery and Drive-Chain and there is no milage limitation for the 8 year Warranty Period.

🔋🛱🔋 Model-S LiON Battery as of July 2015, has been increased to a capacity of 90 kWh, replacing the 85 kWh battery. The 90 kWh battery represents a 6% Energy Increase due to “improved cell chemistry” plus the introduction of Silicon into the Graphite cell’s Anode.

🔋🛱🔋 Battery Capacity – Tesla anticipates an improvement in Battery Capacity of 5% per Year, for future LiON Batteries, because of improvements in the LiON’s chemistry and Anode/Cathode metals employed. Tesla also noted the P90D LiOn Battery for the Model-S has its main battery conductor protected by a Main Fuse rated at an astounding 1,500 Amps @ 600 VDC.

🔋🛱🔋 Examination of the Lion Battery. As noted, there are 7,104 individual LiOn battery Cells contained in the overall Battery Array. When disassembling the 85kWh battery, the container is totally sealed with adhesives and bolts.

🔋🛱🔋 LiON Battery, contains a “Fluid Circulation System” used internally inside the overall Battery Case. Each Module container of 444 LiON cells, are submerged and sealed with a “non-conductive” Fluid, identified as Ethylene Glycol a major component of automotive “AntiFreeze.”

🔋🛱🔋 The Purposes of the Fluid-Circulation-System is to (1) Maintain a relatively Consistent Temperature inside each of the Modules containing 444 LiON Cells. (2) The Fluid-System is also linked to a Heat Exchanger System (“radiator panels”) is center-mounted at the Lower-Front of the Car’s grill. In the event the temperature of the 16 LiON Modules exceed nominal levels, the Fluid-System permits circulation to the Front Mounted Radiator Panels, otherwise the heat-conductive Fluid circulates among the 16 Modules.

🔋🛱🔋 LiON Cell Environmental Ambient-Temperature Maintenance is important when the Car LiON Battery is being (1) Charged, particularly with a Super-Charger Station, or (2) when the LiON Battery experiences Heavy Power draws during high rates of Acceleration, “Peddle to the Metal situations.”

🔋🛱🔋 LiON Cellular Safety Disconnects. Notice the very thin electrical wire connections from the Top of each of the 7,104 LiON cells to the Module’s conductor electrical structure (identified with a White Arrow). Apparently the gauge of this Wire and the Wire’s-material, serves as a “Power Limiting Fuse” carefully engineered to “breakup” or “burn through” when any individual LiON Cell experiences an overload when being Charged or Discharged as it delivers Power from the Array to the Motor-Drives or the Charger-Circuit. Think of this as 7,104 individual “Fuses” protecting each of the 16 Modules, from an Over-Load due to the “Failure” of any single LiON cell.

🔋🛱🔋 LiOn Module Controller. Consider this, in the event 1 LiON cell Over-Heats and Shorts internally, it’s wire-fuse “burns-outs”, removing itself from the Module’s Array. There is an onboard Computer-Control Circuit Board connected to and Monitoring each of the 16 Modules, that’s housing 444 LiON cells contained in each Module. These 16 Computer-Controllers independently monitors the 444 Cell modules collectively, as to Power Usage, Charging Rate, Power Capacity, Voltage, Voltage Drop, and Internal Ambient Temperature. If any of these measurements become “Out-of-Normal” Range, a visual Alarm is delivered to the Car’s master Computer, issuing a Dash Board Warning, and recording the condition[s], time, and date into the Car’s internal Service Log, for the Service Technicians to assess.

🔋🛱🔋 One LiON Cell Fails. In the Event ONE (or More) of the Module’s 444 LiON cells removes itself from the Module’s Array, the Module would have 443 active LiOn cells remaining, then the Module is operating at 99.77% of rated capacity. The Math (443/444)x100. Also the power-rating of the entire LinOn Battery Array of 16 Modules, would also be reduced from 7104 cells to 7103 active cells, resulting in a Power reduction to 99.986% of Battery’s Overall rated capacity, an almost immeasurable difference. There are no publicly available records found as to how many LiOn individual Cells become “Fused Out” of the Battery over time, or during the Warranty period. Precision manufacturing and quality control issues are important factors to be aware of for future Battery Engineering.

🚘 TESLA Model-3 Reservations Surpassed 325,000 Cars in One Week – $14 Billion in Production, Starting “Late 2017” in 20 Months

🚘 Tesla announced Thursday that it has now surpassed 325,000 Reservations with Deposits of $1,000/Car (an increase of +49,000 Cars from Tesla’s Elon Musk’s Tweet just 4 Days ago).

🚘 TESLA had its Model-3 REVEAL to an enthusiastic crowd, on location and Live-Streamed to Millions on-line, the unveiling of the Model 3 late Thursday, March 31st at 11pm. Yes, truly only 7 days ago.

🚘 Tesla successfully caused 325,000 enthusiastic people to Reserve the Model-3 Car with refundable $1000 deposits. Wonderful, but
(A) Reservations should be converted into Contracts 90 days prior to delivery
(B) Average Price of Model-3 Estimate with options is $43,000
(C) Tesla should collect “at risk” deposits 90 days prior to Delivery
(D) Will Tesla Deliver & Closes Model-3 Car in reasonable time-frame
(E) Tesla says: “…it will generate [in 20 months, (12/2017) Enough Revenues [about $14 Billion] to make [the Model 3] the Biggest one-week Launch of any Product, ever.” This statement is questionable, however
(F) Strong Signals will emerge in 2 years, as Model-3 Cars roll off its Production-Line regarding
(1) Gross-margins and
(2) Production-Rates… But, there are many “assumptions” some of which may not come to fruition
(a) It’s very unlikely that 100% of the Reservations will emerge as deliveries, because of these issues
(b) When will Tesla require “at risk” deposits on the Model-3 Cars ordered
(c) Will the Model-3 actually be delivered at $35,000 promised
(d) How long will it take Tesla to Deliver the first 100,000 Reservations
(e) The Time Tesla consumes to Deliver the FIRST 100,000 Cars will give the remaining 235,000 Reservations reason to “Hang in there…” or Cancel.

🚘 Elon Musk says in another portion of today’s Tweet, going out to his 3.7 Million Twitter Followers of which I’m one… revealed that only 5% of the Model-3 Reservations, reserved TWO Model-3 Cars, the Maximum Tesla Permitted. Musk also tweeted, this suggested "low levels of speculation," or most buyers not looking to flip the car for a profit. The Reservation Agreement states that it is “not transferable.” This Means the Speculators, if any, would have to literally Buy the Car or 2 Cars outright, and thereafter re-Sell it/both as “Pre-Owned Cars” to the third-party.

🚘 Apple is the only other Company that comes to mind with huge product launches. Last September, 2015 [7 months ago] Apple launched their new iPhone 6S. Apple actually Sold & Delivered over 13 Million iPhones in its opening 3-Day weekend. But, this is for iPhones at an average selling price [ASP] of $700/iPhone. However, there was no significant time delay [other than Long Lines] for Store pick-ups or Fed-Ex shipments. Multiply, 13 Million iPhone sales by $700 iPhone ASP, the result is $9 Billion of iPhones Sold, Delivered, with Cash in Apple’s Bank. Apple’s $9 Billion in Sales in their 3-Day Sales Event is Very Impressive !

🚘 1. Front Seat Camera – Model-3 Test Drive: http://youtu.be/TiWOKBMTDvc
🚘 2. Front Seat Camera – Model-3 Test Drive: https://youtu.be/16SWVS56aZU
🚘 3. Rear Seat Camera – Model-3 Test Drive: http://youtu.be/yTRL5u57ukE
🚘 4. Hidden Features of – Model-3 Test Drive: http://youtu.be/Qr2FaDh-Hlg
🚘 5. Stage Center – Model-3 REVEAL Show: http://youtu.be/dmKvuRw4up4

🚘 Model-3 Demonstration Test-Drives. The 4 Video Clips above have been chosen to show the Best Views of the Test Drives following the TESLA’s REVEAL Thursday, March 31st, late evening. Listen to the in-Car reactions as the Model-3 accelerates. For the first two video clips, front seat passengers recorded the video clips using their iPhones. The third video clip was captured by a rear-seat passenger, which gives an interesting perspective of the all-Glass roof, and the driving experience and the view of the 15″ LCD control panel. The 4th clip is a 23 minute Video captured by TESLA Motors, of ELON MUSK’s presentation and unveiling of their Model-3, a $35,000 affordable Car. The only glimpse of Options, “Under $5000 for All Wheel Drive. The Presentation ended at 9:50pm PDT, and these Model-3 sample drives were conducted immediately after the SHOW.

🚘 TESLA’s Leader Elon Musk Tweeted 4 Days ago, it had received by a factor of “Three-Times” the number of Reservations Musk had originally anticipated, ruffly about 60,000 Reservations. However, the actual number of Reservations is presently over Five-Times Elon Musk’s initial guesstimate. As previously reported in this article [see — Previously Reported — below] this level of Reservations albeit impressive, raises number of ISSUES about Tesla’s initial Production Plan, to meet this increasingly complex Production Goal, namely the likely massive plant expansion plan, capital requirements, building the supply-line to name a few.

🚘 Recall, Tesla actually delivered over 16,700 Model-S Cars in 2014, 25,200 Cars in 2015, and Tesla is on target and delivering 4,100 Model-S per month, over 50,000 Model-S Cars expected in 2016; see graphic above. Add to these impressive Model-S Production increases, Ramping-up Tesla’s Plant Production to 100,000 Model-S cars for 2017. Add to this, literally hundreds of thousands of Model-3 Cars… This is a Massive Production Issue, that Tesla is now facing, for 2018, 2019, and 2020. It’s an exciting Challenge indeed.

🚘 Model 3 Reservation to Contract Conversion Ratio – The number of Reservations that actually convert to Contracts with at-risk Deposits. Tesla stands to generate huge revenues [depending on how many Reservations convert to “at-risk” contracts, and what percentage fall away due to delivery Delays or Repricing of the Model-3 Car, once Cars are actually rolling off the Production-Line]. Recall, with the early days of the Model-S, deliveries were slower than anticipated and promised, and Pricing increased. Profitability remains an open question until actual Delivery Margins are determined.

🚘 Tesla says the number of preorders it has received in its 1st full Week, corresponds to $14 billion in Revenues in future Closed Sales. The Question remains, How Long will it take Tesla to deliver several hundred thousand Model-3 Cars. Tesla boasts that it was able to generate incredible level of Hype for the Model 3 without any dollars spent in Advertisements or "paid endorsements." The company has collected $325 million in cash, albeit refundable, for the Model 3 deposits paid. Fortunately for the more fickle, or the impatient folks that reserved a Car or two, the $1,000 deposits are refundable.

🚘 In the 4 decades that we’ve been reporting, We’ve never witnessed such a high number of reservations for any Automobile. For a very long time, the 12,000 orders written on the launch day of Citroen’s legendary DS in 1955, was considered as the “Sales Record-to-Beat.”

🚘 For the new Ford Fiesta, then the World’s Best Selling Cars, launched in 2011, the Ford Fiesta earned Headlines for receiving “6,000 reservations, and more than 100,000 folks with their hands-raised” signaling these folks “wanted one, months ahead of its actual Launch” as a Ford press release trumpeted then. Those with Hands-Raised did not have $1,000 deposits. By Year-End 2011, the Ford Fiesta sold over 780,000 Cars.

🚘 In perspective, the World’s best-selling electric vehicle, the Nissan Leaf, Sold a total 211,000 Leafs, globally since its launch in 2010, as Nissan spokesman Dion Corbett mentioned at the Tesla reveal.

🚘 TESLA Unveiled its New Model-3 Affordable 4-Door, 5-Passenger Electric Vehicle to a VERY Enthusiastic Crowd. The Model-3 Car is Likewise Very Exciting, earning over 276,000 Reservations, equating to $11.5 Billion in Production Value, as of End-of-Day Saturday. These figures were received Sunday from Elon Musk at 2:28pm by his Tweet.

🚘 Elon Musk mentioned Sunday… “We will have to Totally Rethink the Production Plan…” in light of the huge number of Reservations. Before the Model-3 was open to pre-orders, Musk was imagining 50-to-60,000 pre-orders, towards their target GOAL of 500,000 Model-3 Cars, with a MULTI-Year delivery plan. Without question, the Buying Public is very excited about TESLA, the brand and the success of the Model-S; Model-3 pre-orders have already consumed more than half of TESLA’s sales Goal. TESLA has an Exciting Problem.

🚘 Perspective on Production Rates – TESLA delivered a bit over 50,000 Model-S Cars this year, equating to roughly 4,100 Cars/Month, it’s recent production rate. Let’s say TESLA is able to Scale-UP its Production Plant for Model-3 Cars, to 6,000 Model-3 Cars/Month (1,500/Week or 200/Day), I’d rate this figure as Optimistic on my part.

🚘 Let’s try a Production Volume of 1,500/Week representing a 150% increase over the current TESLA production figures for the Model-S and X Cars. 1,500 Cars/Week is still TOO much to expect, but… When your Company just booked just under 300,000 Reservations for your “New Baby” in only a few Days, management Energy level is Super-Hot, like Solar.

🚘 Let’s go with 6k Model-3 Cars per month as a 1st year Production GOAL; That’s roughly 150% of TESLA’s current production rate of the Model-S; granted the Model-3 may be a somewhat less complex assembly than the Model-S, but …

🚘 How long will it take to construct the necessary Factory Expansion? How long will it take to Acquire, Install and Program the Robotic Machinery? and then there is the MONEY Part. Plant and Equipment are not cheep, particularly when you’re in a Hurry. Tick-Tock-Tick-Tock…

🚘 At a Production Rate of 1,500 Model-3 Cars/Week, assuming TESLA is capable of scaling up to this level, it may likely take TESLA a number years, for Tesla to deliver all the Model-3 Reservations… An exciting problem to have. TESLA has Logistics issues in ramping up Production, the facilities, robotics, tooling, and personnel, to meet the demand of 276,000 pre-orders, which may grow to 400,000 Reservations before a shovel goes in the Ground for the Plant Expansion.

🚘 The graphic above provides a glimpse of how well TESLA sales compare against other brands of Luxury Vehicles over a two year period, 2014 and 2015. TESLA reports that it’s 2016 Sales of their Model-S and Model-X vehicles will comfortably exceed 50,000 Electric Cars.

🚘 Let’s not forget the Financing issues with Plant Expansion, Tooling, Robotics, Infrastructure, combined with the Dollars needed to increase the Plant Facilities, and Purchasing the Raw Materials for its custom components, the 8000 unique parts Supply-Line to Fabricate the Model-3 Cars.

🚘 I’ve been inside the finance industry as Director, Vice Chairman of the Board, CEO of several financial institutions. Sadly: When a Client is in a really Big Hurry with an Exciting Project, the Bankers are inversely proportional as to their Enthusiasm, and seem to move as slow as molasses in January. When you have your Luncheons & Dinner meetings, they seem sooo slooow… With such profound needs, “we don’t really want to Eat…” and then, they’ll get back to you with Q&A in a week or soooo… when we Need the Dollar Commitments in Days not Months… I’m getting a really big headache just thinking about all of this. ELON MUSK, I feel your Pain.

🚘 The Parochial Automotive Industry would love to have these issues. Aside from logistics, which is a huge undertaking, Financing becomes the FIRST major issue… $Billions, Lots of $Billions. Without huge levels of Fresh Capital in Hand, none of this begins. Without Question, Tesla will get the Funding Requirements they need, once they Qualify a Pool of the Reservations. Elon Musk and his Team are not sleeping much these days… Tick, tock, tick, tock… no time to waist.

🚘 OK, Let’s get Realistic. Elon Musk and his team thought they’d may have 60,000+ Reservations, and they’d add onto their existing facilities, department by department, expand here, expand there, move this, move that… Isn’t that nice… BUT

🚘 With the 300,000+ Reservations for M-3 Cars in only a few DAYS, a number FIVE TIMES more than anyone on the Team imagined, much less planned for. That’s the Key, no planning for this Huge figure. So Everything changes. That beautifully bound M-3 Production Plan is Totally obsolete.

🚘 TESLA’s Model-3 Production Plan needs to be totally rethought, so says Elon Musk by his Tweet, that’s a challenge. Tesla figuratively speaking has to “Build another FACTORY but BIGGER” than most of those buildings pictured below. How does TESLA do this FAST?

🚘 Important First Step. TESLA needs to “Qualify” a portion of the Reservations List. Convert a Pool of Reservations into Non-Refundable Contracts. For TESLA to engage in this Huge Plant Expansion, it needs to know How Many Reservations will become Real Sales. TESLA needs to know the Buyers are similarly committed to their Model-3 (Reservations) as Tesla is in their Delivery.

🚘 Let’s Play… Proceed with the first Pool of 80,000 Reservations, in Date Order. Congratulate each for being among the First to receive the Model-3. Tesla should not do this with a number of Pools of Reservations, as Tesla firms up their Plant Expansion Plan, Financing Commitments, Timing for both, Plant Production Rate, and a Schedule for the Model-3 Car Assembly…

🚘 Send 80,000 Reservation Holders a Conditional Sales Contract, each selects their Options, Add down for the “Total Purchase Price” of their Model-3. Let’s say the Total Price is, on average $42,000. Require a 15% Non-Refundable Deposit. For a $42k Car, the Deposit equals $6,300 including the $1000 Reservation deposit. The Client writes a non-Refundable Check in the amount of $5,300 to TESLA, and agrees that their $1,000 Reservation previously paid, becomes non-refundable. Alternatively, the Client passes on the deal and requests the return of their $1,000 deposit.

🚘 For more Confidence in Qualifying these Reservation Pools, increase the non-refundable deposit to 20%, probably the limit due to the lengthy delivery window. Use 15% for the First 80,000 reserved-pool, then increase to 20% for the next 80k reserved pool. May as well separate the Men from the Boys, sooner than later. These folks are not buying Chevy VOLTs that are sitting on car Lots – TESLA is building Custome Model-3 cars to Buyer Specification. Perhaps Elon Musk should sign a 3″ Tesla Logo, a Decal, and attach it to inside of the windshields, a sign of TESLA’s appreciation.

🚘 TESLA Must Know who are Committed Buyers and who are not. If 80%* of the 80,000 First Pool of Reservations become Buyers, then TESLA is fairly confident that 64,000 Model-3 Cars Buyers are committed with “at-risk” Contracts equating to $2.688 Billion Sales, with $403.2 Million in Non-Refundable Deposits. For this first Pool of Reservations, TESLA should have confidence in moving forward for their extensive Plant Expansion. Also, the 80%* Conversion Ratio (my guesswork) should give Tesla a “feel” for the balance of the Reservations. Recall we arbitrarily picked 80%*. No one really know.*

🚘 The CLOCK is TESLA’s enemy, as it surely does not want to loose [any portion of] these Pre-Sales, because of the Company’s failure to deliver in a reasonable amount of time. Think about it. It may take Tesla 18 months just to Build the Robotics, the Plant, the Infrastructure, the Power, the Water Resources, the Raw Materials, the Chemistry, the Storage Facilities, the Fire Protection. All to support an additional 6,000 Cars/Month Output, 150% more than the Model-S assembly-line production-rate (4,100 Cars/Mo) is currently handling. Imagine these logistics… OMG, let’s not forget building up the supply-line for all of the Model-3’s roughly 8,000 custom parts. All right enough Drama. It’s more fun to talk about that amazing Model-3

🚘 Model-3 combines real world Driving Range, 215 miles to 350 miles per Charge, Performance, Safety and Spaciousness into a premium sedan that only TESLA can build. TESLA’s most affordable car yet, Model 3 achieves a minimum of 215 miles of range per charge while Priced at only $35,000 before Tax incentives. Isn’t that nice… Ooops, here’s some more Drama.

🚘 Who in their Right Mind would think to Worry about Exceeding the Federal Limit for Buyers receiving their Tax Credits. Well, the Limit is apparently 200,000 Green Cars for each Manufacturer. It may be that 1/3rd of the Model-3 Reservations may not have the Tax Credit they counted on. Apparently the US Federal Tax Credit only applies to the first 200,000 Tesla Cars delivered. They’ll need a good Lawyer or two, to examine the Tax Code to see if the 50,000 Model-S deliveries have already “eaten into” the GREEN limit of 200,000 Cars per Company.

🚘 The Whitehouse wants everyone to Drive “GREEN” well here is a terrific opportunity for the President, the TESLA Model-3 is for the masses… Immediately below is the Link so you can Sign the Petition directed to the White House, making an appeal to extend [or remove] the current 200,000 limit/Car Model, that provides for a $7,500 Tax Credit; it’s very simple to complete, see the image below. We have a Readership of over 100,000 so let’s have everyone sign on… https://petitions.whitehouse.gov/petition/increase-ev-tax-credit-cap-manufacturer

🚘 Model-3 is designed to attain the highest safety ratings in every category. After 10 years of hard work, Tesla has finally “revealed” the Model-3, the vehicle that CEO Elon Musk now knows, will take the Electric Vehicle, “EV” to the masses. When you see the interior of the Model-3, it’s like you are visualizing a Car decades into the Future.

🚘 Everything that controls the Car, except for Steering, is displayed on a 15″ Touch Screen, otherwise the “dash-board” is literally clear of any buttons, nobs, and gauges. TESLA engineers mention that the User Interface in the reveal, is not necessarily in final form. Looking at the Picture below, this is not an “Artists Rendering” of the Cockpit of the Model-3. The image below is the actual Model-3 Drivers Seat. When you view the Video Clips later in this article, you will see the Driver in this Car.

🚘 Truly futuristic. Remember this Car is equipped with true Auto-Pilot logistics and hardware. Most of the Car’s functions are selected by computer-Touch-Screen-control, shown on the 15″ high resolution LCD display, which has been brought Forward close to the Driver, so it’s in easy reach of the Driver, without having to lean-forward, an issue with the Model-S’s 17″ display mounted in the console.

🚘 At the unveiling of the Model-3 late Thursday evening and into the early morning of April 1st, at the company’s design studio in Hawthorne, California, TESLA’s CEO, Elon Musk said the car will deliver at least 215 miles range beginning at just $35,000, a bold claim, and an important milestone for Tesla to achieve. Musk is “confident” that deliveries will begin by the end of 2017, and “you will not be able to buy a better car for $35,000, even if you select no options.” “And it will be one of the safest cars in the world in every category” according to Musk.

🚘 Tesla reported more than 276,000 Pre-Orders have been placed, where buyers put $1,000 down, as of April 3rd, and that number will likely continue to increase. To bring these figures into perspective, as we are talking about Automobiles, not iPhones, 276,000 pre-Ordered Cars equates to roughly $276 Million in paid Deposits held for 20 months, equating to over $11.5 Billion in pre-sales, (Elon Musk is assuming $41.6k/Car). Pre-Sales of this magnitude is Huge, and Never heard of in the Auto Industry.

🚘 TESLA is creating the excitement that is routinely generated at Apple Product Releases. However, this is about Cars, not iPhones. The “standard” Model-3 will accelerate from 0-60 mph in less than 6 seconds, with upgraded versions that will go “much faster.”

🚘 Model-3 Options – If you choose the 4-wheel drive AWD option (ElonMusk said today this option will be priced under $5k) includes a front mounted electric motor, in addition to the “standard” rear-mounted main electric motor.

🚘 Model-3 Range will be at least 215 miles/charge, but Tesla Engineers hope to exceed this number in the final Production Car, with the advancement of the Battery technology, and optimized electronics over the next 18 months of pre-development. One of the Options will be a Larger Lithium battery array to extend the Range to 300+ miles/charge. No word yet on the option price for the larger LiON Battery.

🚘 All Model-3 cars will include [the internal electronics package] support for Tesla’s high-speed Supercharger Stations, because “it’s about going where you want to go,” according to Musk. With the Model-S the supercharger internal charging package was a $2,500+ option; For the Model-3 its included in the “standard” Car. By the end of 2017, when the Model-3 begins Car deliveries, Tesla says it will have a total of 7,200 Supercharger Stations in operation, which is double the number available today, and 15,000 charging locations.

🚘 Like the Model-S, the Model-3 will come with a powerful Rear-Wheel Drive electric Motor and an optional all-wheel drive version, plus there’s a 15″ landscape touchscreen LCD driver’s control-display an interesting change from the 17″ portrait touchscreen as in the Model-S and X. Autopilot hardware is standard, plus all safety features will be active automatically. Five adults will fit comfortably, “comfortably is the important part here,” says Musk.

🚘 The front-to-rear roof area, from the windshield all the way to the trunk, will be one continuous piece of structural-glass. And, just like the Model-S, the Model-3 will have front and rear trunks for storage. “More cargo capacity than any gasoline car of the same external dimensions,” says Musk. You can even fit a 7-foot long surfboard on the inside of the Model-3.

🚘 The two current Tesla vehicles, the Model-S and Model-X, are both relatively expensive. Even with tax incentives, both cars easily push $100,000. In order for Tesla to deliver 10-times as many cars as it now delivers, it needed a less expensive automobile in the lineup. That’s where the Model-3 comes in. The Model-3 is the future for TESLA.

🚘 Don’t expect to get your hands on a Model-3 until sometime in 2018 considering that there are over 276,000 pre-orders ahead of you. The Model-3 is expected to begin production in the 4th quarter of 2017, roughly 20 months from now. Tesla is currently accepting pre-orders for a modest $1,000 refundable down payment. Tesla plans to more than double the size of its retail Sales Stores and Service Centers [in the TESLA network] by the end of 2017, to Sell and Service all these new TESLA cars.

🚘 At the unveiling of the Model-3 Thursday evening, Elon Musk thanked Model-S and Model-X purchasers as these Sales Revenues helped to fund the development of the new Model-3 car. The Model-3 is the culmination of a full decade of hard work. Elon Musk is betting $Billions on TESLA, and it needs to deliver. The future of Tesla Motors, quite literally “rides on the success” of the Model-3. The incredible number of pre-sales, over 276,000, is an strong indication, TESLA is on its way to becoming a huge participant in the EV Automobile industry.

🚘 The Model-3 is the car Tesla Motors has promised since the company’s founding, the car that CEO Elon Musk is convinced, will push EVs into the mainstream and the technology to an inflection point. This is the car Musk believes will change the world. “It’s very important to accelerate the transition to sustainable transport,” Musk said on stage. “This is really important for the future of the world.” To View this TESLA Event on YouTube, and there are more Links below: https://goo.gl/uo5suC

🚘 In person and on paper, the Model-3 is a real “shocker”. It’s a very handsome sedan, with four doors, five seats, and all the creature comforts and practicality you’d expect of an upscale mid-size sedan. The Electric Propulsion, Battery System, and the Drive train are capable of 0-to-60 mph acceleration, at under 6-Seconds, plus a range of 215 miles/charge. It’s packed with technology, style, and at a bargain price as Tesla delivers it at the $35,000 base price, Musk promises you’ll pay. Musk also estimates that $6,600 in options will bring the average delivery price to $41,600.

🚘 For the first 200,000 sales of the Model-3 there will be a federal tax credit, according to current Law. The specs and price are key, because so far Tesla Motors has aimed squarely at the affluent buyer. The company’s first three models, the innovative Roadster sports car, exquisite Model-S sedan, and tech-slinging Model-X SUV, made electric cars fun, cool, and compelling. The Model-3 is meant to do something greater: sell to the masses, using electric car propulsion.

🚘 TESLA Model-3 is a very innovative passenger car. During its unveiling two days ago, we were able to capture several videos of brief guest-drives around the TESLA grounds in the late evening. The links below are YouTube videos to see the Model-3 captured from the front-passenger seat, and the back-seat. While watching these brief clips, take notice of the “Dash Board” other than the 15″ display to the right of the Driver’s view, the Dash-Board in front of the steering-wheel is totally blank, clean, no clutter whatsoever, as all of the controls and gauges are visible on the 15″ LCD display [which has been pushed forward towards the Driver] at “Screen-Center-Right” literally, within Easy Reach to the Driver without having to lean-forward.

🚘 TESLA Model-3 Revealed. Below are 5 of the Best Video Clip Links we’ve found, showing the First Reveal of TESLA’s new Model-3 in action, on the SHOW Stage and on the Road. These Videos are the Best part of this Article, as you’ll get to experience the Reveal SHOW Event as if you were there, plus the experiences of the Test Drives of several of the participants that attended the SHOW. Looking at the Dash Board, it is very Futuristic… what a Car would look like decades from now, but TESLA’s Model-3 is quite literally NOW.

🚘 First Look of Model-3 On-Stage: http://youtu.be/Jd_RXG_WZqQ

🚘 TMC Test-Drive of Model-3: http://youtu.be/TiWOKBMTDvc

🚘 First Test-Drive of Model-3: https://youtu.be/16SWVS56aZU

🚘 Second Test-Drive of Model-3: http://youtu.be/yTRL5u57ukE

🚘 TESLA Model-3 Unveiling 24 Minute Show: http://youtu.be/dmKvuRw4up4

🚘 Tesla is not alone, in hoping to do the remarkable and frankly, it was “beaten in the race” to build a $30K EV Auto with a triple-digit range by General Motors. However, this stat is where the comparison ends. In January, the Detroit stalwart introduced the 2017 Chevrolet VOLT, a battery electric hatchback with a range of 200 miles/charge, and a price of $37,500 and that’s where the comparison ends.

🚘 Musk isn’t the slightest bit worried about competition, and to be fair, has little reason to be. The Volt is impressive, but Tesla has the proven ability to get people very excited, and there’s no denying the company has a cachet many automakers only dream of…

🚘 Have You Ever seen thousands of people lining up outside Automobile Dealerships, waiting to place a $1,000 deposit on a Car they haven’t even seen yet… something that happened at many Tesla Stores last week. By the time Musk pulled the white-sheet off the Model-3 Thursday evening at the sprawling Space X campus in Hawthorne, California, 115,000 customers had already put their money down [$1000/car] and within 36 hours of the unveiling over 276,000 Model-3 Cars have been pre-Ordered, equating to about $11.5 Billion in pre-sales.

🚘 Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning founded Tesla Motors in 2003. Musk, flush with cash after selling PayPal to eBay for $1.4 billion, joined in early 2004 as its chairman and primary benefactor. He took over as CEO in 2008, shortly after the debut of the company’s first car, the Roadster. The two-seater was a “proof of concept” designed to show that these 2,400 Sports Car, EVs, could be cool. It was based on the Lotus Elise, as it could hit 60 mph in 3.7 Seconds, and squeezed a 245 range from a 950 pound LiON battery. Car & Driver called it “a revelation”. Tesla sold about 2,400 of these Sports Roadsters at $100k/car, in 4 years.

🚘 Then came the Model-S, a truly remarkable sedan good for almost 300 miles on a charge. Even now, four years after its debut, the sedan remains a marvel. It’s everything most people would ever dream of in a Car… It’s roomy, comfortable, practical, quick, and reliable, and gorgeous. Motor Trend and Automobile Magazine called it the “Car of the Year” in 2013, and Consumer Reports gave it its best Rating Score of 99+ the highest rating ever for any Car it tested in its entire 19 year history of testing.

🚘 TESLA’s 17″ LCD Display and user-interface and performance has steadily improved on the Model-S, using over-the-air [cellular] software updates similar to iPhone iOS updates to its operating system, to make every Model-S perform even better and to enhance the User-Interface of the 17″ display. Tesla made hardware changes too, offering an optional front-motor to provide four-wheel drive, motors in the Rear and Front, bigger batteries for greater range, improved electronics, and true Auto-Pilot delivering auto-self-driving capabilities. The 0 to 60 time plunged to a stomach-dropping 2.8 seconds, on par with mid-six-figure exotic cars.

🚘 Meanwhile, Tesla built an international network of 1,600 “superchargers” where owners can plug-in and charge the battery for free where one could charge their Tesla battery to 80% (230 miles of driving) in roughly 30 minutes. Tesla fought with local governments, for the right to sell cars directly to customers [without Dealerships]. It acquired an enormous factory once occupied by GM and Toyota. TESLA broke ground and almost fully completed, its “Gigafactory” where it works with Panasonic to build an unimaginable number of Lithium batteries, more battery power than all other Lithium Battery power factories combined, globally, in TESLA’s single humongous plant. In October, 2015 it introduced the Model-X, a handsome, falcon-winged SUV based on the Model-S, with Gull-Winged rear doors. With hundreds of thousand Model-3D preorders, TESLA will need their Gigafactory, which is their plan.





🚘 Tesla Model S Ranks Best Overall Car for 2014 by Consumer Reports, among 260 autos tested ~ Not only did Tesla Rank #1 Tesla scored the Highest Score ever Achieved in the Magazine’s 18 years of testing Cars ~ Plus What’s Not to Like about Driving for 3Âą/mile when Gas costs 16Âą/mile 🚘

🚘 Tesla Model S an all Electric LiON Battery Powered Car, Ranks as the Best Overall Car for 2014 by Consumer Reports, among 260 automobiles tested, whether fueled by electric batteries, gas or diesel fuel, or a hybrid of two fuels. Not only did Tesla Rank #1, it scored the Highest Score ever recorded in CR’s 18 year history of testing Cars.

🚘 Don’t know what TESLA is… In Physics Class we learned about the Tesla Coil, a high-voltage frequency generator. The Tesla Coil is one of Nikola Tesla’s most famous invention in 1891. See Tesla and his inventions below.

🚘 Elon Musk’s Tesla Motors Inc. (TSLA:US) has earned the ardor of investors and the highest U.S. safety ratings. It can also add the honor of having the best-reviewed car of the year by automobile testers at Consumer Reports, earning the Highest score ever of 99 given in Consumer Reports 18 year history of reviewing Cars.

🚘 Consumer Report summarizes their study saying "Sure, you can talk about this electric luxury car’s blistering acceleration, razor-sharp handling, compliant ride, and versatile cabin, which can fit a third-row of seats. But that just scratches the surface of this technological tour de force."

🚘 Consumer Reports editors further say "The Tesla is brimming with innovation. Its massive, easy-to-use 17" touch-screen controls most of the car’s functions. Tesla is totally keyless in operation, locking, unlocking, starting, full Internet access, and ultra-quiet, zero-emission driving experience, the Tesla is a glimpse into a future where cars and computers coexist in seamless harmony. Its 275-mile driving range and 3-hour charges, using Tesla’s special connector, also make it the easiest, most practical, albeit pricey, electric car to live with."

🚘 “It’s truly a groundbreaking car,” Jake Fisher, Consumer Reports’ director of auto testing who oversaw this year’s review of 260 vehicles, said an interview. “You get into it, and it really stands out. It’s the very best car I’ve ever driven.”

🚘 Consumer Reports tests and evaluates cars for how well they drive, interior-finish quality, safety and reliability. The model rankings influence car buyers and are published in the Yonkers, New York-based magazine’s annual auto issue.

🚘 It was interesting researching how Consumer Reports tests each of the 260 vehicles this year. Each car is driven about 6000 miles while the evaluation teams assess every imaginable function and quality of the cars under examination.

🚘 Today’s TESLA is a very exciting Luxury Battery Powered automobile with a 275 mile range.

🚘 In appearance the Tesla does not just "gets on terms" with the two-plus-two Aston, it almost cinches it. The sweeping lines and a callipygous rear give the Tesla the look of a concept car. But this is no Concept car with limited delivery, as Tesla has ramped up production to over 25,000 units/year. The door handles motor-out to meet you (one of a number of motorized functions) and the doors swing wide.

🚘 Inside is Tesla’s cabin Very Unconventional, it’s almost the appearance of a Science Fiction Futuristic Auto. The seating are cantilever-mounted onto a flat-floor, with an uncluttered full-width floor space. A dramatic digital instrument panel in front of the driver central-displays show charge level, power usage, range, and speed.

🚘 The central facia has the appearance of a very large Touch-Screen iPad, (but its not) with simple and classy Apple-style graphics, that controls most of the Car’s functions, Mapping, Directions, tailored to go with Mercedes-Benz-styled switches and steering column stalks.

🚘 Tesla Model S electric car is “the answer” I’ve personally been looking for. I have remained on the side-lines with all electric cars because of two reasons: (1) most of the offerings look like "soup-cans with wheels and windows" (not so with the Tesla, as its stunningly attractive inside and out) and (2) they have such a limited Range most under 100 miles, one "can not drive it out of town" (not so with the Tesla as it can deliver 300 miles in Range.

🚘 One wonders if the other Car-makers have been sleeping on the job. With Tesla’s share-price on fire after recently announcing plans for a new battery “gigafactory” (now, that’s a factory), confirming next year’s SUV, the Model-X, and a smaller, cheaper model (like $36k) for 2017. Today there’s barely a Silicon-Valley baron or Hollywood Star without a Model S in their Garage.

🚘 Tesla is Fueled by a huge, flat, Lithium Ion battery, a single unit that delivers 85,000 Watt-hours of power. The Battery lines almost the entire bottom of the floor-board; however, the Battery is very well protected. To put this Battery in perspective, a 85kWhr of battery power is equivalent to about 16,200 iPhone-LiON-Batteries all linked together into a single huge flat-battery-array.

🚘 The LiON battery in the Tesla Model-S contains a unique LiON battery-chemistry so that it delivers power and takes recharge cycles for at least 8 years, equivalent to the Tesla battery-warranty, with unlimited miles.

🚘 Surely, now that Tesla has proven to the marketplace that an attractive well designed Car with good range can be delivered in mass quantities. Also, since Tesla is expanding its assembly plants to grow production by 50% this year and next, Battery Technology will be the focus for these fine Cars. Surely, Tesla wants to increase its Model-S Range to 400 miles then to 500 miles, since Electric fueling stations are not as populated as Gasoline stations.

🚘 When viewing Tesla’s Model-S at the retail-store in our Boca Raton Town Center Mall, they have several fully assembled, ready to drive Cars, and two Cars that were apparently taken off the assembly-line, displaying the beautifully engineered frame, battery array, the steering points, the motor and inverter package at the car’s rear-end. Very Impressive displays making it clear to anyone, engineer or house-wife, that this Car is an engineering marvel, that gives the quality feeling that Apple delivers with their products, with an obvious display of an incredible level of attention to every minute element of detail.

🚘 Tesla SuperChargers recharges Model S quickly, Super quickly. Superchargers are for refueling quickly on road trips. A Supercharger can replenish 50% the 85 kWh battery in about 25 minutes. All Model S vehicles with the 85 kWh battery can use SuperChargers as can properly equipped 60 kWh battery vehicles. SuperCharger (Electric) Fuel Stations will be positioned at convenient locations along major interstates throughout the country.

🚘 Tesla SuperCharger stations the Cost for a "Full Tank of Electricity" is FREE, although it costs Tesla say $300,000 per station. Tesla considers this fueling feature as a Marketing Expense, to make it clear to Tesla Owners, and those interested in buying a Tesla Car, that they can get a "Fill-Up" when going out of town. In a Hurry, no problem, the Super-Charger Stations will have two "Fueling" modes, Plug in your Tesla Model S for 20 minutes for 100 miles of Range, 40 minutes for 200 miles of Range or 60 minutes to "Fill the Tank" in this case a fully recharged battery.

🚘 Tesla’s Free Fueling feature is considered a "Marketing Expense" where these costs are not "built into the price of their cars." Recall that a fill-up costs Tesla about $9, assuming an electric utility cost of 11Âą per kilowatt, typical in the USA.

🚘 A major Free-Fueling costs facing Tesla is the development of the Fueling Station Network, the real estate and construction costs, estimated to be approximately $300,000 per station. This expense could be amortized over say 20 years, making this a $15,000/year per Station, expense to the financial statement.

🚘 SuperCharger Stations. If Tesla builds 500 SuperCharger Nation-Wide Network, the depreciation expense would be on the order of $7.5 million/year. If every SuperCharger Station with 3-fueling lanes were charging for 24 hours/day, this represents 26,000 fill-ups/year per Station; Assuming the electric-utility cost is $9/Fill-Up, then each staton would expense $234,000/year per station, which equates to about $115 million/year for the Nation-Wide network of 500 SuperCharger stations.

🚘 With 150,000 Tesla Cars on the Road planned, the Annual expense for SuperCharger Stations equates to about $800/Tesla, a Very imaginative use of marketing dollars. This represents a 1% marketing component per car, not a large figure indeed. By the end of 2015 Tesla will have enough SuperCharger Stations to cover 98% of the Population in the US and portions of Canada.

🚘 Tesla SuperCharger Stations have another Amazing feature, the capability of the Model-S receiving a 100% Full-Charge in 95 Seconds with a "Battery Replacement" performed at the station. Just pull-up over a designated area, and your Model-S’ Battery is dropped-down with automation, and a New Fully-Charged Battery is pushed-backup into your Model-S in about 1 minute 30 seconds. Tesla literally swaps your car’s battery for a new battery that has been already fully-charged.

🚘 I witnessed two Model-S cars in line at a Tesla SuperCharger Station, (a video-clip is provided below) that received Lion Battery swaps for two Tesla’s in line, requiring about 3 minutes total time for both Model-S cars, 90 seconds each. Filling your 23 Gallon Tank with Gasoline takes about 4 minutes. This service costs $80 for the 85 kWhr battery-swap or $60 for the 60 kWhr battery. When you return from your trip, go back to the same SuperCharger Station that swapped your battery, and the station then re-Swaps your Car’s original LiON battery fully-charged.

🚘 The $80 cost for the 90 second fill-up costs about 26Âą/mile if you’re in a hurry. Not in a hurry go for the SuperCharger and wait 30 to 45 minutes to "Top-Off your Tank" for Free. While you have a travel-break, at the Coffee shot near-by. Recall, if you have an iPhone, the App will keep you posted on the Battery Level as it Fills with electric-power. How Cool is that!

🚘 If you decide to retain the NEW LiON Battery, in other words, you don’t re-Swap batteries, Tesla will "Charge" you (pardon the pun) the price difference between your original LiON battery, and the price of a New LiON battery. This may be your plan, say in Year Two or Three, as aged LiON Batteries may only accept 90% to 95% charges. No figures are available on this option, as these swap-stations are scheduled for later in 2015.

🚘 The Cost of a new 85 kWhr LiON Battery is $12,000. If you decide to retain the New Battery Swap, the question is what is the "trade-in" value for your existing Model-S battery that’s 2 or 3 years old. The SuperCharger Battery Swap capability commences in 2015 nation-wide, so the financial models are not set as to the price for the battery swap, if you decide keep the new battery. Since the Model-S battery is warrantied for 8 years, if charging performance diminishes in Range, I’d be looking to the factory warranty to replace the battery.

🚘 Tesla is developing hundreds of SuperCharger Stations in the USA as an amazing marketing campaign as the "Fill-Ups" are Free. Think about it, travel to Grandma’s with no cost for Fuel, in Tesla’s case, electricity.

🚘 The Control Panel in each Tesla Model-S has a beautiful Google Maps styled GPS Map, showing in real-time, every location of a SuperCharger Station, and your location of the Model-S, giving detailed directions if necessary, and your Tesla’s Range to arrive the SuperCharger station. The GPS is also functional to input your destination. For the local folks in south Florida, there is a SuperCharger Station near MACY’s Front door in the parking garage of the Town Center Mall, and two others 25 miles south in Fort Lauderdale and 25 miles north of Boca Raton.

🚘 Tesla Superchargers allow Model S owners to travel for free between cities along well-traveled highways in North America and Europe. Superchargers provide a 50% charge in as few as 20 minutes and are strategically placed to allow owners to drive from station to station with minimal stops, or fear of running our of "Fuel." The Coverage for North America already provides for Coast-to-Coast driving. Here are Tesla’s Plans for SuperCharger station development:

✔ Today, First Quarter, 2014 – 78 stations, Coast-to-coast travel now enabled
✔ 2014 – 80% of the US population Covered plus portions of Canada
✔ 2015 – 98% of the US population Covered plus parts of Canada

🚘 Superchargers are located near amenities like roadside diners, cafes, and shopping centers. Road Trippers can stop for a quick meal and have their Model S charged when they’re done.

🚘 Tesla Model S cost for a Fill-Up equates to about $0.0311/mile. For a 275 mile range assuming you use Airconditioning, 275x$0.0311 equates to a Fill-Up cost of $8.50, assuming the Electric utility charge of 11±/kWatt, that Tesla pays for, a typical rate in south Florida. To Fill-Up your typical gasoline 4-Door Sedan automobile with 12.5 Gallons of Gas priced at $3.85/gallon costs $48.00, assuming the MPG is about 22 mpg vehicle, delivering the same range.

🚘 To this point in this Article its been all about Good Looks and the Battery. Lets now turn our attention to the Motor. One of the Demands by Elan Musk to his engineering team, is to have this vehicle powered by a strong engine, so that the buyer of a Tesla Model-S will not feel like there has been compromise in power or performance. Let it be said that a 416hp electric Motor rotating at around 6500 RPM generates an amazing level of Acceleration. There is simply NO Compromise with this electric engine.

🚘 Model S is a rear wheel drive electric vehicle. The liquid-cooled powertrain includes the battery, motor, drive inverter, and gear box. 60 kWh or 85 kWh microprocessor controlled, lithium-ion battery, a rear mounted 3-phase, 4-pole AC induction-motor with a copper rotor, creating 416hp; That’s dramatic amount of Horse Power, a Power Drive Inverter with variable frequency drive, a regenerative braking system, and a single-speed-reduction, Fixed-Gear ratio of 9.73:1 reduction ratio.

🚘 Tesla Model-S Power Train and Motor. The Electric motor powering the Model-S is a 416hp alternating current, variable frequency design. The motor itself weighs approximately 250 pounds, with a Copper-Wound Rotor, the internal component that rotates with a Gear on its shaft. Interesting that the Motor is Super-Power A/C motor, and the Battery is a 85 kWhr LiON direct current. Directly right of the rear-mounted Motor is a Power-Inverter that transforms up to 1200 Amps of DC electricity to A/C power, powering the Motor.

🚘 The Motor has a Running Rate of 5,000 to 8,000 RPM. There is Single-Gear reduction of 9.73 to 1 (no gear-shifting as with typical automobile transmissions). Therefore with a Rotor that weighs about 50 pounds rotating at an average speed of say 6,500RPM causes the drive shaft to rotate at about 500 RPM to 800RPM, this represents an incredible amount of power on the Wheels.

🚘 The Tesla motor’s Rotor weighing in at about 50 pounds, that is spinning at an average of 6500RPM, generates a huge level of power on the rear wheels. The velocity of Tesla’s motor, the RPM is controlled by changing the Frequency of the Alternating Current combined with the amount of Amperes of electric current, up to 1,200 amps when desiring fast acceleration from a dead-stop or changing lanes on a highway. This combination of factors controls the power, the driver desires by pressing one’s foot on the accelerator-pedal. Lots of very unique electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, and design, to accomplish this seamlessly to the Driver, and totally Quietly. The lack of any Engine and Transmission Noise is very strange at first.

🚘 Recall that a typical gasoline motor runs from 800 RPM to 3,500 RPM, that runs very hot, in combination with a 5-speed transmission and a Transaxle, that also becomes very hot as it consumes energy, a very inefficient method of changing the rotation of the drive-shaft, wasting about 40% of the gasoline engine’s power. What a waist of power and fuel.

🚘 Think about it, with a 400hp gasoline engine, 160hp is lost because of the inefficiencies of the transmission and the transaxle. Which means that only 240hp of power, of the 400ph gasoline engine, gets to the wheels. With Tesla’s electric engine 90% of the power gets directly to the rear wheels.

🚘 Tesla’s precocious car maker has Big ambitions. He originated PayPal 11-years ago making hundreds of $Millions. In top-spec $124,000 as-tested form, this 16ft 4in long, five-door battery-electric coupĂ© will not only out drag a $250,000 loaded Aston Martin, but Tesla carries two more passengers or twice as much stuff and, at 4,200 pounds, weighs not much more.

🚘 Stand on it, and the Aston will drain its 20 gallon tank of unleaded in about 250 miles, well within the realistic driving range of the 85kWh Tesla S range of 275 mile. What’s not to like about battery motoring? Not to mention that the Tesla Model-S, a luxury-sedan, goes from Zero to 60 MPH in 4.7 seconds.

🚘 The Tesla Model S electric sedan is Number One in Consumer Reports, in this year’s automotive rankings. Not only Tesla being in first place, but received the highest score ever recorded in its 18 year history of evaluating 260 vehicles.

🚘 The magazine cited the Model S’s sporty performance and technological innovations, including its 275 mile range. Consumer Reports acknowledged that the car is expensive and paid $89,650 for the Model S that the Magazine tested.

🚘 For less than a third of that price, the Toyota Prius hybrid got the nod as Consumer Reports’ top green car. The magazine also cited strong fuel economy in naming the Honda Accord as the top midsize car and the BMW328i as the best sports sedan.

🚘 The rankings, now in their 18th year, pick Consumer Reports’ favorites among the 260 vehicles its team has recently tested. The rankings are closely watched in the auto industry, since shoppers consistently cite Consumer Reports as a main source of car-buying advice.

🚘 Consumer Reports actually buys the test-vehicles anonymously, and performs more than 50 tests on each, including evaluations of braking, handling and comfort, among en elaborate array of tests and examinations. Consumer Reports’ testing team literally drives each vehicle for roughly 6,000 miles, in assessing the vehicle’s performance on the road in a wide variety of environments and road conditions.

🚘 Tesla Model S Ranks Best Overall Car for 2014 by Consumer Reports among 260 autos tested. Not only did Tesla Rank #1, Tesla scored a value of 99 the Highest Score ever Achieved in the Magazine’s 18 years of testing Cars.

🚘 Plus What’s Not to Like about Driving a Tesla Model-S Electric Car for 3Âą/mile when Gasoline Cars cost over 16Âą/mile, that’s over 500% more expensive.

🚘 Did I mention that Tesla has an iPhone App that will permit you to find the car with GPS that remains active even when the Car is parked and shut-down. The Tesla App will permit you to TURN-ON Tesla’s Air Conditioning system when the Car is parked and Locked.

🚘 With your Tesla, if you’re at a lunch meeting with car parked outdoors in the direct Sun in the summer time, you can use your iPhone Tesla App, Power-Up Tesla’s A/C System say 10 minutes before the end of your Luncheon, so that the Car is Cooled-down when you retrieve your Tesla from the parking lot. The App also permits you to Honk the Horn or Flash the Lights, to either scare away possible intruders, or as a visual or audio Tool so you can find your Car in Large Parking Lots2.

🚘 Steven Spielberg was recently spotted in Brentwood California driving the his Tesla Model S, an all electric automobile, while heading to a high powered Hollywood luncheon. Apparently, more and more celebrities find the Tesla an attractive vehicle and more importantly they love the fact that it is environmentally friendly.

🚘 It seems the famous 67 year-old screenwriter, producer, and business magnate left all the Porches and Maybachs and went for a Tesla model S. The Tesla is actually fits the famed director quite well as if we were to discuss the vehicle’s interior, we’ll come across a very science-fiction like cabin. The seats are cantilevered mounted onto a flat-floor, an uncluttered full-width floor space, making the Tesla S model’s interior quite unconventional.

🚘 Don’t know what TESLA is… In Physics Class we learned about the Tesla, but it wasn’t an unbelievable Electric Automobile. The video clip directly below is a demonstration of the Model-S getting a "battery-swap" at Service Centers to have this capability in 2015.

http://www.teslamotors.com/batteryswap

🚘 Don’t know what TESLA is… In Physics Class we learned about the Tesla Coil, a high-voltage frequency generator. The Tesla Coil is one of Nikola Tesla’s most famous invention in 1891.



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🔋 Have a Tesla 🔋 Want a Tesla, a Volt, a Bolt, a Leaf, a Prius or Prime 🔋 Get them CHARGED Here đŸ”‹

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🔋 As the Future Charges Forward, we are Adjusting from: Gallons of Gasoline at which Octane goes into the Tank to New Terms: LiON kWh Battery Power, Charger Stations, Amps, Volts, AC, DC and RPH.

🔋 These are Challenging times as Driving Electric becomes “Mainstream” whether it’s TESLA Cars or any Electric Vehicles. Gas Stations are everywhere, but where’s Electricity for EVs? Where are the Charger Stations that has the “Juice” my EV requires? How much time will it Take? How many Miles of Range received?

🔋 These Technical Buzz Words, Terms, What’s with Watts, Range, Amps, Volts and Bolts, Leafs, EVs, AC, DC, kWh, SAE-J1772, CHAdeMO, RPH not MPH, DC not CD, Current-Flow nor Hightest-Lowtest. Fear Not, proceed through this article and we’ve explained all these terms, relax, be patient, and read on. This article is Everyone’s Guide for, Tesla, Nissan, Chevrolet, Toyota Prius, Prime, and other Hybrids, to keep you Energized, Positive, and all Charged-up.

🔋 Lets think about the topics that automotive engineers have to consider regarding Fuel (electric or gasoline) Efficiency, the $Cost/Mile driven; however, lets keep it simple by excluding: Tire replacement, Drivers’ aggressive driving habits (hard acceleration, braking, hard turns), the engine, drivetrain, fuel-grade and cost, etc. Exclude all the items above. The following, are several very important “external factors” that effect (Milage) $Cost/Mile Efficiency: (1) Aerodynamic Drag, Wind Resistance on the Car’s external surfaces, overall-shape, front-grill, door-handles, antennas, windshield-wipers (2) Tire Friction when tires roll on paved streets, (3) the Wheel-Bearings.

🔋 Toyota Prius Hybrid Cars are a very successful combination of a modestly powered gasoline engine and a relatively low-capacity, 27 kWh Nickel-Metal Hydride Battery. Over 50mpg has been its history; Prius uses a 1.8-Liter Aluminum DOHC 16-Valve Variable Valve 98 hp for propulsion (and its Generator delivers 73 kWh for charging). However, some say Electric-Vehicle engineers sacrifice a traditional Car-look, in exchange for fuel economy.

🔋 Toyota electric drive-motors are Permanent-Magnet AC synchronous motors, with a Power output of 80 hp, Voltage at 650vDC maximum, it’s battery is a sealed Nickel-Metal Hydride (Ni-MH) chemistry with a Power Capacity of 27 kWh. Over 5.2 million Prius cars have been sold since 1997, representing 65% of the 8 million Hybrid Cars sold.

🔋 With Hybrid Cars, operation is very similar to using a Gasoline-only car. The difference is the use of sealed Nickel-Metal Hydride (Ni-MH) batteries or Lithium Ion (LiON) Batteries, and Electric Motor-Generators to capture power when breaking the Car, or when starting from Stop, for the first Zero-to-30mph where the LEXUS hybrid can accelerate quickly as the traffic light turns Green. More powerful acceleration than a traditional Gasoline car with the same HP.

🔋 Electric car drive-motors are Extremely Powerful from a full Stop to 30mph, and throughout their range of speed. For 30 mph-and-over, the LEXUS Rx450h balances its Gasoline-Engine power with its Electric Motor both in the Powertrain. As the car increases speed, Gasoline engines become more power-efficient. Hybrids are efficient in using the Electric motors from 0-to-30 MPH, then the power-train transitions to its Gasoline Engine, that’s more efficient driving from 30-to-75 MPH.

🔋 For Fueling Hybrids, there is nothing new, as these Cars function as a “Transitions from Gasoline to Electric Propulsion”. Gas Stations are where one goes “Fills the Tank.” With Hybrid Cars, Drivers are basically using a Gasoline Engine power, and is assisted with NiMH or LiOn Batteries and Electric Drive-Motors to supplement the Powertrain to increase MPG efficiency. There’s no need to Plug-in; however some do, and the consumption of Gasoline and the “Fill Up” routine, using traditional Gas Stations continues, as do the toxic emissions.

🔋 The Chevy BOLT changes the method that VOLT’s use its Gasoline Engine, as the BOLT’s Electric Motor and the Battery, delivers all electric 200 miles of range, as compared to the Volt’s all electric 50 mile range. A much improved balance towards electric energy.

🔋 Chevy VOLT, one of the Newer Hybrids that may be plugged in to achieve 53 miles of Range, in an All-Electric mode with its 18.4 kWh battery, which charges in the garage in 4.5 hours with a 240vAC dedicated 40Amp circuit. After 50 miles of Electric Driving, the Car “Powers Up” its 1.4L Gasoline Generator to power its 2 Electric-Drive-motors, while partially recharging the LiON battery. Over 100,000 Chevy VOLT cars have sold.

🔋 Chevy BOLT is the $37,500 newly announced 2017 Model year, All-Electric Car to be released late 2016. It is powered by a 150 kWh, 200 hp permanent-magnet motor. The Transmission is an Electronic Precision Shift, with a final drive-ratio 7.05:1. As to Fuel, the Battery is a 60.0 kWh Lithium-Ion, LiON Battery containing 288 cells arranged in 3 Modules wired in parallel, with each Module containing 96 cells, wired in series.

🔋 The BOLT’s Electric Milage Range is claimed to be a minimum of 200 miles. The Car is Fueled by either (A) Plug-in charging Residentially with 120v AC, or (B) using a dedicated 40Amp circuit 240v AC; or (C) using urban “curb-side pylons” supporting a Combo-Plug used at DC-Fast Charging Stations, such as ChargePoint chargers.


🔋 Nissan LEAF (an acronym for Leading Environment-friendly Affordable Family Car) is a compact five-door, including the hatchback, all Electric Car introduced in Japan and the United States in Late 2010. Today the LEAF has delivered over 225,000 electric cars.

🔋 The Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) official range for the 2016 model year LEAF with its 30 kWh LiON Manganese-Oxide air-cooled Battery (containing 48 modules with 4 LiON batteries housed each module, for total of 192 LiON cells) weighing 480 pounds, has a Milage Range of 107 miles with a full battery charge; The LEAF was leader with 100 Mile Range 6 years ago. Leaf batteries can be charged from Fully Discharged up to 80% Capacity in 30 minutes using high voltage 480v DC-FAST chargers.

🔋 Nissan LEAF electric Motor is an 80 kW (110 hp), 210 ft·lb synchronous AC motor. Synchronous Electric Motor is an AC Motor where it’s shaft rotation is synchronized with the frequency of the AC supply current, where the speed of the shaft’s rotation is synchronized with the change in Frequency Oscillations of the AC power applied to it.

🔋 Engineering Patents for AC Synchronous Motors was First Patented over 100 years ago by Nikola Tesla, who first used the “Change of Frequency of AC current” to Change the Rotational-speed of an AC Motor, today referred to as “Synchronous Motors.”

🔋 TESLA Motors use of AC Frequency-Control, is the technique used by the well known luxury Tesla Model-S Cars, actually this method is employed by all three Tesla Car Models, the S, X, and their new Model 3 that has over 325,000 reservation deposits. This frequency-control method was so impressive to Elon Musk, the enterprise named their company Tesla Motors, Inc.: http://www.tesla.com

🔋 A well known example of the use of synchronous motors, is with small household Electric Clocks. These clocks are powered by 60 cycles-per-second AC line current. The frequency of the AC power is used to drive the second-hand of these electric clocks. FYI, the frequency of 60cps AC for the entire US electric Grid, is managed by the FCC to assure the accuracy of the AC frequency, as many devices plugged-in, rely on the exactness of the frequency of 60.00000 CPS.

🔋 Nissan LEAF electric Cars are extremely popular in the US and globally. LEAF Cars are unique in providing over 100 Miles ofRange, and the Frontal Access charging-portal, containing TWO charging Sockets, the Left-Socket for 240v AC charging Combo-Plug, and the Right-Socket used for popular high DC voltage of 480v in FAST-DC chargers, using the CHAdeMO Plug, used by ChargePoint Charging stations.

🔋 High Voltage DC-FAST chargers offer 50, 100, 200 RPH, range per one hour charge rates. This is 2-times, 4-times, and 8-times the Charging Rate, respectively, than the rate for available for curb-side 240v AC chargers.

🔋 Tesla Model-S is an all electric Car we view as a truly attractive Electric Car, having sold since 2012, over 125,000 TESLA cars Sold as of March, 2016. Granted a Tesla Car is three-times the price of a Nissan LEAF, Toyota’s Prius, or the Chevy Volt and Bolt; however, Electric Cars do not have to be unattractive. LEXUS Rx 450h Hybrid SUV is quite attractive, and looks the same as the Rx 350 its Gasoline counterpart, for these $45k SUVs.

🔋 TESLA SuperCharger Stations Deliver 350 Miles of Range Per Hour, RPH = 350, an acronym in the Electric Car Industry. Tesla Stations have 6 drive-in lanes on average proprietary charger stations for Tesla Cars, (Model S, Model X & Model 3).

🔋 Tesla SuperCharger Stations will only accept Tesla Cars as Tesla Motors owns the Stations, where the charging is Free for Tesla Car owners. Each charger-lane delivers 120 kWh of Power: 400vDC at 300Amps, flowing directly into the car’s LiON battery. There’s no AC to DC conversion, as the Power is already DC. The Super-High-Power DC Electricity flows into Tesla’s LiOn battery. DC current-flow is regulated real-time by the Car’s internal computer system. The SuperCharger Station chargers deliver about 5.5 Miles of Range per Minute of charging, or 170 Miles of Range in 30 minutes. 5.5 Miles of Range per Minute.

âžĄïž Tesla Cars’ Electronics Rapid-Charger Package internally, permits selection of the Power-Type (AC or DC), and Power-Rating, as all Tesla Cars accepts a Charge from a number of power-types and sources, using the Tesla charging Plug and Cable or by using an Adapter. If a Tesla driver chooses to charge at a Public curb-side pylon charger, the driver would need either a J1772 adapter for AC Power or a CHAdeMO adapter for DC Power, both Power Adapters supplied by Tesla Motors for $600. Until Tesla has time to expand its network of SuperCharger Stations, it may be advisable to have both Power Adapters in the Trunk in the event you are driving in rural locations outside TESLA’s charger network.

âžĄïž Tesla Super-Charger Garage Charger setup for Tesla owners, require an electrician to create a separate 240vAC 100 Amp, 19.2 kWh hard-wired circuit. For this Wall-Mounted Super-Charger setup, 19.2 kWh of AC power is converted in the Car into DC power, which “Flows” into the LiON Battery. This Super-Charger 19.2 kWh Residential Garage charger setup delivers about 1 Mile of Range per Minute of charging, or 60 Miles of Range per Hour.

âžĄïž All Tesla Car Models have an internal Rapid-Charger Electronics Package that permits rapid charging using the 100 Amp 240v AC, 19.2 kWh electrical Service. (Previously, the 19.2 kWh Electronics Rapid-Charge Package, displayed at left, was an option that had to be ordered when the Car was purchased, at an extra cost. Today this internal Rapid-Charger Package is Tesla “Standard” equipment for all Models as of January, 2016). TESLA’s onboard Computer continuously manages the DC Current-Flow, generally requiring 3-to-5 hours for a rapid residential “Fill-Up.” Delivers about 1 Mile of Range per Minute

âžĄïž Tesla Cars use its internal onboard-charger which converts AC-to-DC power, using TESLA’s Wall-Mounted Garage Charger. This setup connected to a standard 240vAC, 40A circuit, a Clothes DRYER Outlet. Tesla provides a “Dryer Plug” adapter with the Car, permitting you to plug directly into your standard Dryer outlet, a 9.6 kWh circuit. For Tesla’s home charger setups, 240vAC, 9.6 kWh Power is converted in the Car into DC power which “Flows” into the LiON Battery. TESLA’s onboard Computer continuously manages the DC Current-Flow, generally requiring 6-to-10 hours for an overnight “Fill-Up,” or about 5 Miles of Range every 10 minutes.

âžĄïž Tesla Drivers should be familiar with Charger-Types and Miles of Range for each ONE Hour of charging will be added into the Car’s Battery. Listed below are two currently available Residential Wall-Mounted Chargers: 1⃣ and 2⃣ are 240v AC chargers; followed by high-power DC chargers that are commercially available: 3⃣, 4⃣ and 5⃣ are 400v DC chargers. Recall, RPH refers to the number of Miles of Range that can be added into your Battery for each One Hour of charging, abbreviated as RPH = Range Per Hour. If time is important, these RPH values may be proportional. For example, if a Tesla Driver arrives at 5⃣ a TESLA SuperCharger Station and only has 30 minutes available for charging, then the Tesla Car would receive about 175 Miles of Range in 30 minutes.

1⃣ Tesla Home Garage Circuit, 9.6 kWh at 40 Amps AC, delivers 25 RPH
2⃣ Tesla Home Garage Circuit, 19.2 kWh at 80 Amps AC, delivers 50 RPH
3⃣ ChargePoint Express-100, 25 kWh at 62 Amps DC, delivers 100 RPH
4⃣ ChargePoint Express-200, 50 kWh at 125 Amps DC, delivers 200 RPH
5⃣ Tesla SuperCharger Station 120 kWh at 300 Amps DC, delivers 350 RPH

âžĄïž TESLA Cars can receive charging from a variety of station configurations, Public and Private, some are Free, some requiring a $Fee, available in two current types (AC or DC), delivering a range of power capacities

1⃣ Lower Power 240v AC at 9.6 kWh in Driver’s Garage & Public curb-side pylons
2⃣ Medium Power 240v AC at 19.2 kWh in Driver’s Garage & Public curb-side pylons
3⃣ High Power 400v DC at 25kWh, 50kWh, 120 kWh Charger Stations

âžĄïž Below is a summary of Stations and Chargers that Tesla Car Drivers should be familiar with.

1⃣ Residential Garage Set-ups with 40Amp or 80 Amp 240vAC circuits delivering moderate power of 9.6 kWh to 19.2 kWh delivering 25 RPH to 50 RPH charging rates
2⃣ Public Curb-Side Pylons chargers or Wall-Mounted chargers both provided by ChargePoint and other private retail stations with over 40,000 domestic locations
3⃣ Tesla SuperCharger Stations, delivering the highest Range Per Hour charging, with over 600 locations


🔋 Tesla’s Model-3 REVEAL Show was presented by ELON MUSK on March 31st at 9pm PDT, two weeks ago. The Model-3 is redefining what an affordable, $35,000 Electric Car looks and drives. Within just ONE week, Tesla received over 325,000 Reservation Deposits for the Model-3, everyone knowing the Model-3 will not begin to emerge from the Production Line until “…Late 2017…” According to Elon Musk during his presentation.

🔋 Five Video Clips have been selected to give you the story in the best venue possible. As the ancient proverb goes: “…a Picture is worth a thousand words…,” then these Videos represent an entire Textbook. If you were to only watch a clip or two, select the select #1 and #4. The item #5 is Elon Musk’s presentation. Once you visualize #1 clip, you will be motivated to see all of them.

🚘 1. Front Seat Camera – Model-3 Test Drive: http://youtu.be/TiWOKBMTDvc
🚘 2. Front Seat Camera – Model-3 Test Drive: https://youtu.be/16SWVS56aZU
🚘 3. Rear Seat Camera – Model-3 Test Drive: http://youtu.be/yTRL5u57ukE
🚘 4. Hidden Features of – Model-3 Test Drive: http://youtu.be/Qr2FaDh-Hlg
🚘 5. Stage Center Show – Model-3 REVEAL: http://youtu.be/dmKvuRw4up4


🔋 Tesla SuperCharger Stations employs high-Voltage (400v), high-Amperage (300 Amp), resulting in high-Power (120kWh), Super Fast charging. These dedicated Charging Stations deliver a strong 120 kWh DC Charge, directly into the Tesla LiON Battery. The SuperCharger Stations bypass the usual AC to CD conversion found in other Public Charging Pylons.

🔋 Public Curb-Side ChargePoint Chargers, for example, Level-2 chargers, 240v 30 Amp AC (6.6 kWh Power) is delivered into the EV Car’s charging-port. AC-to-DC conversion occurs within the EV Car’s internal system, as with Home “Dryer Plug” setups. Level-1 chargers deliver 120vAC into the EV Cars. ChargePoint Charger Pylons with their SAE-J1772 Plug accommodate Chrysler, GM, Ford, Toyota, Honda, Nissan, and Tesla EV Cars.

🔋 As displayed on the Green Charging Profile Graph, with Tesla Super-Charger Stations, an 80% charge-level (170 miles of Range) can be added to the Battery in only 30 minutes, or 100 Miles of Range can be added to the Battery in about 20 minutes.

🔋 As the Tesla LiON Battery nears the 80% charge-level, TESLA’s onboard Computer controls the charging rate, by gradually reducing the current-flow into the LiON Battery to a low-optimum-level charging cycle.

(A) Complete remaining 20% charge process
(B) Top-off the LiON Cells in low-power mode
(C) LiON Battery receives gentile charging process
(D) Permits a slow charge for remaining 20%
(E) Cool-Down Period for 30 minutes while charging
(F) LiON Battery has been receiving 120 kWh charging-power causing temperature increase of the battery
(G) TESLA’s onboard Computer activates the battery’s Fluid-Circulation System
(H) Fluid-Circulation System controls internal temperature of LiON Cell Array which contains over 7,100 LiON Cells, each slightly larger than an standard AA Battery
(J) Heat-Exchanger (an air-over Radiator) circulates Fluid from the LiON Battery, to the front of the EV Car’s “Radiator” then circulates back to the Battery in a sealed system, removing any excess heat from LiON battery.

🔋 Charging a LiON Battery is like Filling a Glass with Carbonated Soda without it Fizzing over. Fill the glass of Soda to 80% full; then allow the fizzing to settle, thereafter reduce Soda-flow, steadily preventing bubble-over, and overfill. In LiON battery terms, this is similar to reducing the current-flow (limiting the kWh level) in order to balance cell-voltage and cell temperature, ultimately tapering down to a trickle as it nears 100% full.

🔋 The Tesla EV Charging-Profile recommends charging the Tesla LiON battery to 80% to save time, which typically adds enough Mile-Range (170 miles) to reach the next Supercharger station on your journey, or to arrive at your garage (charger). SuperCharging requires 30-40 minutes to achieve an 80% charge level. Charging the final 20% requires another 30 minutes to achieve a Full 100% Charge. Most folks may not desire to “hang-out” at the Charging Station for 60-70 minutes. Tesla attempts to Build its Super-Charger Stations near Malls or Coffee Shops to accommodate Tesla drivers, while they wait for the charging to complete.

🔋 Using the Tesla Supercharger is as easy as using your Garage’s Wall Connector. Simply plug the cable into the Car’s port, walk away, open your Tesla iPhone App, and in approximately 30 minutes, check your Tesla Car’s LCD Control for the charge Level attained.

🔋 Tesla Motors Software Engineers created a very useful iPhone APP (available Free at the App Store) to view your Tesla Car’s Charging Progress remotely, if you are walking around the Mall or having Coffee or Lunch near the Station. The Tesla Car 17″ LCD display monitors your Model-S charging progress; but the Car also transmits the charging status securely with WiFi to your iPhone, transmitting the Charge-Level that the Station added enough (or not) Range in Miles, to get to your Destination, or if you’re on a Trip, the next Charging station.

🔋 Tesla’s iPhone APP is a very convenient connection to your Tesla Car. When launched your iPhone becomes a Remote Control and Status Monitor of your Tesla Car, from anywhere 20 feet to 2000 miles from your Car. This may be used for Checking on your Charging-Progress when you’re “plugged-in” to a Charger Station and a variety of purposes as listed below. This iPhone APP connects to your Tesla Car using the Internet.

🔋 Every Tesla Electric Car has its own separate Internet Connection. This connectivity used routinely by (A) TESLA’s APP to communicate your Car’s information and for you to send commands like “Flash the Head-Lights” and (B) Tesla Motors Engineers to DownLoad new Software updates for the TESLA Car’s Operating System when they become available. For example, software version 7.1 enabled a new ‘Summon’ feature that lets drivers Park or Retrieve their cars using AutoPilot, with no Driver inside the Car. Tesla can automatically update your Car’s software at night when you are resting. This Internet connectivity is the connection that the iPhone App logs into to accomplish the items listed below.

✔ Verify your Car’s Charging Progress from anywhere
✔ Cool your Car while you are finishing a Lunch meeting, so it’s Cool before driving (or Heated), if it’s parked at Street Curb or if its Parked in a Garage
✔ Locate your Car with detailed directions
✔ Track your Car on a Map as its being Driven by others
✔ Flash the Car’s Headlights or Honk the Horn, to help you Locate your Car when Parked in a crowded Lot
✔ Vent the Car or Close the its Panoramic roof
✔ Lock or unlock your Car from anywhere
✔ For More information visit: http://www.TeslaMotors.com

🔋 All Model-S, Model-X and Model-3 delivered after July, 2015 includes the Super-Charging electronics package, as “Standard” equipment. Prior to this date the SuperCharger package was a $2500 option. This internal circuitry delivers 80A @ 240vAC from your Garage power Box, into the Car; The Tesla’s internal SuperCharger package converts this AC power to 400vDC for delivery into the LiON battery.

🔋 Tesla SuperCharger Stations vs. Tesla Car’s internal Super-Charger. For clarity, Tesla has installed over 600 Super-Charger Stations for use by Tesla drivers. These stations are the most powerful (120 kWh) and the quickest method to “Fill” the LiON Battery with Power. The AC to DC conversion occurs at the Charger’s Pylon. For Residential, Office, and Destination “Super-Charger” installations, the 80A at 240vAC, or 19.2 kWh of AC power, is delivered into the Vehicle. With these Chargers 240v AC is delivered into the Cars charging port. The AC to DC conversion occurs inside the Tesla Car’s Super-Charger electronics package housed internally.

🔋 SuperCharging takes advantage of the unique Tesla LiON Battery Architecture that makes Model-S P90D for example, the quickest sedan in the world, accelerating from 0-to-60 mph in 2.8 seconds. This acceleration requires a Strong Power-Draw from the Car’s LiON battery, powering the front and rear electric Motors. The connections, cell chemistry, and the battery cooling system, are all engineered to “move massive levels of power” from the battery to the front and rear electric motors, during Hard Accelerations and for Up-Hill driving.

🔋 Driving causes Battery Discharging. Charging uses the Car’s power-systems to move electric energy quickly into the Battery. When Driving power moves from LiON battery to energize the Tesla Car motors and other systems such as AirConditioning and Lighting. Super-Charging utilizes the car’s LiON capacity to flow a similar amount of power back into the battery through the dedicated high voltage cables. The car’s onboard computer constantly monitors the battery during both driving and charging to ensure that Tesla EV Car performs at peak levels.

🔋 Tesla SuperCharger Station are capable of charging at 120 kWh of Power. Presently no other commercially available EV charging stations offer this high-power charging level. Tesla SuperChargers, the charge received, equates to adding 170 miles of Range to the Battery achieved in just 30 minutes at the station. Public charging stations provide 6.6 kWh and 18 kWh, known as Level-2 stations, offering significantly lower charging rates, as compared to Tesla’a 120 kWh chargers. Additionally, there is another system called “DC Fast” which charges at 44 kWh using the CHAdeMO Plug. Tesla Cars may connect to these other systems using the SAE-J1772 Adapter or the CHAdeMO Adaptor, that Tesla offers to Model-S drivers for a total $600 cost for both adapters.

🔋 ChargePoint Public Charging Stations. ChargePoint branded charging stations is the Nations largest network for EV Car charging. Five years ago ChargePoint received Private Funding and Federal/State Grants to help create their Nationwide Electric Charging Infrastructure. Presently ChargePoint services the 600,000 Nissan Leaf EVs, Chevy Volts & Bolts, VWs, and BMWs on the Road.

🔋 Public Charging Stations – ChargePoint’s over 27,000 Public Charger Pylons are available Nationwide. They Charge at a Rating of Level-2, which Charges at 6.6 kWh Power Capacity, each using the SAE-J1772 Receptacle, used by most or all of the (non-Tesla) EVs commercially available in the US.

🔋 ChargePoint Express offers two high-power Chargers commercially available. ChargePoint Express 100 is a 24kW output, wall-mounted stations that charges at a rate of up to 100 RPH (miles of Range Per Hour), and ChargePoint Express 200 is a 50kW output (Bollard) Pylon-Pole stations that charges at a rate of up to 200 RPH (miles of Range Per Hour).

🔋 The Express 200 Chargers have dual cable-connectors, to serve two clients simultaneously, where station owners can attract and serve all EVs with faster charging capabilities. As Electric propulsion Cars become mainstream, more chargers with faster charging capabilities will emerge to the benefit of all drivers. In a few years, the electric car driver will have almost as many “Filler-Up” Electric stations as Gas stations.

🔋 ChargePoint has created an iPhone APP to help precisely Locate all of their Charging Locations in the US, and displays whether the station is “Free Power” (or not) showing the Cost-per-Hour ranging from Free, to $3/hour or $5/hour; ChargePoint provides a loyalty card that you may Load with your Funds securely on-line. Some of the Pylons will accept a variety of Credit Cards and NFC payment methods.

🔋 The ChargePoint App is very easy to use. With the iPhone’s touch-screen you can pinch-zoom, in or out, to display a street-resolution showing exactly where the ChargePoint Pylon is located within several feet. The Map displays the site location with a Green Arrow showing you exactly where the Station is located, and pin-points Your Location using the iPhone’s GPS, showing the Miles needed to get to these stations in your area.

🔋 If the Stations are “available” the station-icon is a Green Circle, if one or more of the Pylons are available or occupied otherwise the Circle is All or Partially Gray if stations are occupied. Very intuitive with ⭐ Ratings and remarks regarding the Station Manager’s helpfulness if they are owned by a Car dealer or a Retail Store, for example. Otherwise many of the ChargePoint Pylon locations may be installed Street-Side or in Garages with no attendant.

🔋 ChargePoint Stations charge at Level-2 Rated 6.6 kWh Power capacity. Level-2 Charging Stations deliver about 10 Miles of Range for each ONE hour of charging. This represents only 5.88% of the Charging-Rate that Tesla SuperCharger 120 kWh Power Stations deliver, at NO cost to Tesla Drivers. Tesla SuperCharger Stations deliver 170 Mile Range in 30 Minutes.

🔋 Incidentally, TESLA created an Adapter for your Tesla Car, a SAE-J1772 adapter for $95 cost, to permit you to Charge your Tesla Car at any of ChargePoint’s 27,000 Pylons, if you are in need of a slow-charge. Adding 10 miles of Range/Hour, is better than not getting charged if you’re in need. This adapter is easy to connect to ChargePoint’s Power Cord Plug, with the other end of the Adapter fitted to your Tesla Car’s Charging Receptacle. Each end of the SAE-J1772 Adapter are visibly quite different, so you cannot make a mistake when attaching this adapter.

🔋 Now we know why TESLA named its 120 kWh Charging Stations, SuperCharger Stations. Tesla said it will have over 7,000 Tesla SuperCharger stations and 15,000 Destination Chargers by the time the Model-3 begins to roll-off the Production line (by 12/2017). Presently, in the US, Europe, and Asia Tesla has created its own infrastructure (at no charging cost to Tesla Drivers) of 613 SuperCharger Stations housing 3,628 Charger Pylons in these Stations, an average of 6 Charging Lanes per Station.

🔋 In Sum, there are many factors that affect actual Charge Rate performance, regarding the LiON Battery’s condition including

(A) Exterior ambient temperature of the surroundings (Summer or Winter)
(B) Battery internal temperature
(C) Battery Attrition, after 100k miles driven, capacity reduces to 92% of new
(D) Electric Utility power-grid restrictions
(E) Charging Traffic in your Vicinity, brown-outs, plus other factors
(F) Tesla and ChargePoint are constantly incorporating owner-feedback into its maintenance, research, and development efforts to improve Drivers’ Charging experience.

🔋 TESLA SuperCharger Stations are currently the most powerful charging stations delivering 120 kWh of DC energy into Tesla Cars using their own proprietary Plug and Cable. Applying this energy factor, Tesla SuperCharger Stations deliver 350 RPH (350 miles of range for a One Hour of charging). Presently Tesla Stations charge their Car Batteries at Full Charger Power until the battery reaches 80%, then the Car’s onBoard Computer reduces the charging-rate for the remaining 20% until a Full Charge is achieved.

🔋 Today, TESLA’s largest Battery is 90 kWh capacity, with an EPA rated range of 255 Milage Range on the Model S with 4-Wheel Drive, Front & Rear Motors. Since Tesla SuperCharger stations, charges at a 350 RPH, once the battery reaches 205 miles of range, with the 90 kWh battery, the Car’s computer system reduces the charging-rate. Therefore if you arrived at the SuperCharger with 35 Miles remaining in the LiON battery, then within 30 minutes you’d add 170 miles of range, bringing your total range to 205 miles. Beyond 205 Miles of Range, the charging-rate reduces as the Battery will be at 80% of Full.

🔋 TESLA’s SuperCharger Stations have a greater charging capacity than TESLA’s largest LiON Battery currently. When Tesla batteries in the future have an EPA rated 440 Mile Range, then their SuperCharger stations will be able to add 350 Miles of range with a One Hour charge. Note, 350/440 equals 80%. At 80% of Full, is the point at which the Tesla Car will begin limiting the charging-rate for the 20% balance, to reach Fully Charged.

🔋 Tesla Model-S with 85 kWh Battery achieved 400 Range on a Single Charge. Note the EPA states, the Model S with 85 kWh LiON battery, 2-Wheel Rear Drive Motor, the City/Highway milage is 88 eMPG City, 90 eMPG Highway, with an EPA rated Range of 265 Miles. The Driver was able to drive 400.1 miles on relatively flat rural Florida roads, on a cool day, with very few stops. TESLA’s Dash Board was photographed showing the milage. We’ve added an expanded “bubble” shown in larger type, the milage seen in Green Car Reports’ article. Owner, David Metcaff continued to drive another 18 miles before the battery was “empty” for a total range of 423 Miles. To read the entire article in Green Car Reports visit: http://goo.gl/c27dJq

🔋 TESLA studying the state of the EV industry, designed their own Proprietary Charging Plug & Socket for their New TESLA Electric Cars, for the convenience of their Drivers; After visualizing the Huge CHAdeMO Plug, Tesla new that following this industrial consortium was “not in the cards.” Apparently Tokyo Electric Company had too much influence on the Consortium of Nissan, Chevrolet, VW, and BMW, in 2010 when designing and agreed to the CHAdeMO Plug & Socket.

🔋 CHAdeMO Plug & Socket designed to Energize EV Cars using DC Current, by a Consortium of EV Car Manufacturers and the Tokyo Power Company resulted in a Relatively Huge arrangement. Look at the size of the CHAdeMO “nozzle” compared to the service attendant’s hand.

🔋 How did the CHAdoMO Plug, Socket, and Cable standards emerge for the Electric Car industry? Consumer’s demand for rapid battery charging of their EV Cars, was accommodated by the power companies and the automotive industries establishing agreed upon “Standards” (circa 2010).

🔋 CHAdeMO was formed by Nissan, Mitsubishi, Subaru, Toyota, and Tokyo Electric Power Company, by forming a consortium to standardize the DC connector Plug and Socket for the quick charging of Electric Vehicles (EV). Most electric vehicles (EVs) have an on-board charger that uses a rectifier-circuit to transform AC electricity into DC (direct current) suitable for recharging EV’s LiON batteries.

🔋 CHAdeMO standards established the power-level and type of current. The consortium agreed that the “standard” for the High-Voltage parameter would be DC, direct current of up to 500vDC, and High-Current limit of 125 Amps. Additionally the CHAdeMO direct current, DC PLUG and SOCKET would be the connectors, for all “fast charging” DC Fueling Stations, and Sockets would be universally employed by all the EV automobile manufacturers. Without these standards in place there would be chaos between EV car manufactures and companies manufacturing the High-Power Chargers for fueling stations.

🔋 Look at the Massive size of the CHAdeMO plug; my guess is the Tokyo Power Company had an undue influence on the group, as they agreed to the standards 6 years ago.

🔋 Cost and Thermal issues limit the power levels the rectifier-circuit can handle inside the vehicle. Therefore for power requirements over 240vAC at 80 Amps (19.2 kWh), external charging station are more efficient delivering DC power directly into the vehicle’s LiON battery. Combine these factors with the EV industry’s desire to “Refill EV Cars quickly…” High-Power DC fueling stations are the future of Electric Vehicle’s adoption by the masses.

Visit Tesla’s Charging Calculator, to change Energy cost (all samples displayed are set for $0.12/kWh or another parameter this is the Link, then scroll-Down to the Calculator. https://www.teslamotors.com/models-charging#/calculator

🔋🛱🔋 The Magic Inside TESLA Model-S Powerful LiON Battery 🔋🛱🔋

🔋 Introduction to TESLA’s Model-S, for those unfamiliar with TESLA’s Electric Propulsion Cars. For those who can afford $85,000+ Luxury Car, or for the many a $35,000 Model-3. 2016 is a game changer for Tesla, offering what a traditional combustion-engine luxury sedans do, without the harmful Emissions and Likely Expensive Gasoline Fill’Ups.

🔋 EPA has determined, Tesla Electric Cars earn a Milage Rating of 88eMPG City : 90eMPG Highway. eMPG is the petroleum-fuel-equivalency, for rating Electric Powered Cars. The 3 TESLA’s Electric Propulsion Cars, the Model-S, Model-X, and the new Model-3, Cost Lower than 5Âą per Mile Driven for all Tesla Electric Cars, see EPA Chart below).

🔋 Fuel Cost for TESLA’s Electric Propulsion Cars. Today’s Cost of Electricity averages 13Âą per Kilowatt Hour, Nationally. The Cost to operate TESLA’s Electric Cars at 13Âą/kWh is on average $725 for 15,000 miles driven (see EPA chart below), which equals 5Âą per Mile Driven for Tesla LiON Electric Propulsion Cars (with No exhaust fumes containing CO₂, CO, and No Noxious Gasses and Soot discharged into our atmosphere).

🛱 Fuel Cost for Gasoline Powered Cars with 420hp Engines consumes on average 24MPG, miles per gallon. Therefor, for each 15,000 miles driven, 625 Gallons of gasoline are consumed (with Exhaust Fumes containing CO₂, CO, Noxious Gasses, and Soot that are discharged into the atmosphere). If current gasoline prices are $2.25 per gallon, then the Cost to drive 15,000 miles is $1,406 or 9.37± per Mile Driven with Gasoline Engine Powered Cars.

🛱 Several Years ago Gasoline prices were over $4.25 per Gallon; We may likely experience similar increased Gasoline prices again in a few years. Therefor, for the same 15,000 miles driven, and the same 625 Gallons of Gas purchased (for 24mpg Cars) the Gasoline Cost would increase to $2,656 (at $4.25/Gallon of Gasoline). This equates to 17.7± per Mile Driven. Notice the examples for three prices of Gasoline followed by three prices of Electricity and their respective Driving Costs/Mile.

🛱 Gasoline Powered Cars: 24mpg Engines: Cost for Mile Driven

🛱 $2.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 9.37± / Mile Driven
🛱 $3.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 13.5± / Mile Driven
🛱 $4.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 17.7± / Mile Driven
🛱 $5.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 21.9± / Mile Driven

🔋 TESLA Electric Propulsion Cars: 85kWh LiON Battery: Cost / Mile Driven

🔋 TESLA Electric Powered Cars: Electricity Cost 11± / kWh: 4.09± / Mile Driven 🔋 TESLA Electric Powered Cars: Electricity Cost 13± / kWh: 4.83± / Mile Driven 🔋 TESLA Electric Powered Cars: Electricity Cost 15± / kWh: 5.58± / Mile Driven

🛱 Gasoline price fluctuations, do not directly relate to the current 13Âą/kWh Electrical Power Costs to the Public. A significant portion of Nation’s Electrical Power Generation is fueled by four main sources other than the thousands of Petroleum (Oil or Diesel) Fueled Power Plants, plus a number of Geo Thermal, Wind and Solar Powered Plants, according to current EPA statistics:

(A) 99 Nuclear Power Reactors in 30 States
(B) 557 Coal Powered Electric Power Plants
(C) 7,304 Natural Gas Powered Electric Plants, plus
(D) 2,540 HydroElectric Powered Dams in the USA.

🔋🛱🔋 Model-S came to fruition in 2012, it being the first attractive, modern, powerful, all-electric propulsion, 4 door, 5 passenger Sedan. All Model-S sedans have the same body as one would expect in a seat five passenger car. Cargo space is available under the front hood (which Tesla calls a “frunk,” a wordsmith for “front trunk”).

🔋🛱🔋 TESLA in October 2014 the upgraded Model-S P85D, (D for dual-motors) was introduced. The upgraded Model-S versions feature two electric motors, the primary motor powers the rear-wheels as in all prior versions, and a second electric motor powers the front wheels, coordinated by computer control. Model-S dual-motor versions available for the basic 85 kWh, and now the 90kWh versions.

🔋🛱🔋 TESLA introduced the Model S 70D as its new $75,000 entry-level car in April 8, 2015, with all-wheel drive and an improved range of 240 miles (MPC miles per charge). The 85D, an AWD car with greater range, and the P85D, the high-power rear drive unit is retained, while a new front drive motor boosts the total power by about 50%.

🔋🛱🔋 Four-Wheel Drive electric propulsion results in a significant increase in acceleration and top speed. The 85 kWh version is $86,070, while the P85D is $105,670. Deliveries of the P85D started in December 2014, with the 85D models starting in February 2015, and the 70D models starting in April 2015.

🔋🛱🔋 TESLA’s Cars, with a 0-to-60-mph accelerating time ranging from under 6 seconds for the Model-3, and for the Model-S, 0-to-60-mph ranges from 4.4 seconds to 2.8 seconds, these TESLA Models are Winning over the most skeptical folks, there are over 80,000 Tesla electric Cars presently on the road, plus 325,000+ reservations for their new Model-3, to commence Production in “Late 2017” according to TESLA.

🔋🛱🔋 Elon Musk may be considered the 21st Century’s “combination” of Thomas Edison and Henry Ford. In 2016 Tesla Model-3, Model-S, and Model-X electric-performance sedans, Musk has created not only a viable alternative to the traditional combustion-engine Cars, but a Line of Vehicles that have Captured the Public’s imagination. With their sleek design, impressive range, and varied performance upgrade packages, these three Models should “scare the heck out of OPEC.”

🔋🛱🔋 Tesla has also taken the Bold Steps of building its own Tesla Charger Station Infrastructure, Nationally and Globally. Tesla is Installing a network of “Supercharger” charging stations ($350k each) at strategic locations across the country. TESLA’s performance abilities dwarf some supercars and at prices well in line with most mid-size and full-size luxury sedans, arguments support owning any of TESLA’s three Models.

🔋🛱🔋 Currently Tesla has 613 Supercharger Stations with 3,628 Superchargers (an average of 6 per charging station) in operation as of 2016, plus thousands of Destination Chargers, Tesla Chargers that are installed on private Resorts, Hotels, and Shopping Centers, to accommodate their guests and shoppers.

🔋🛱🔋 TESLA’s Model-S luxury 4-Door Sedan contains a 85 kWh battery-pack weighing 1,200 pounds, containing 7,104 lithium-ion (LiON) battery cells, housed in 16 modules

🔋🛱🔋 (âžĄïž) 85 kWh Battery Contains an Array of 7,104 LiON Cells, divided into 16 Modules
(A) 16 Modules (with 444 LiON Cells each) wired in Series
(B) 1 Module contains 6 Groups, wired in Series
(C) 1 Group contains 74 cells, wired in Parallel
(D) 85kWh Battery has 7,104 LiON Cells = (16x6x74)
(E) 1 Module Delivers 25vDC @ 212.5 Amps
(F) 16 Modules Deliver 400vDC @ 212.5 Amps
(G) LiON Battery Power: 400v X 212.5A = 85kWh
(H) Commencing June 2012, the 85kWh battery pack is modified with Panasonic LiON cells using Nickel-Cobalt-Aluminum Cathodes.

🔋🛱🔋 Physical size for each LiON cell complies with “18650” industry standard size (Cell Cylinder size = 18 mm diameter, by 65 mm high), similar to the Panasonic NCR18650B Cell with an energy density of 265 Wh/kg.

🔋🛱🔋 LiON Battery Cost is estimated to be 20% of Model-S car cost. The LiON battery Warranty is 8-Years, with unlimited milage. The separate Battery Replacement guarantee takes effect after 8-year Warranty, at a cost of $12,000 for 85 kWh battery. List price for a Replacement Battery is $44,000 without guarantee.

🔋🛱🔋 TESLA’s 85 kWh Battery’s Warranty is 8-years with unlimited milage. A survey of Model-S owners indicate the accumulated battery-loss is about 5% for the first 30,000 miles, thereafter capacity attrition is 1% for next 30,000 miles, and Down 1% for each additional 30,000 miles.

🔋🛱🔋 Tesla’s LiON Battery Capacity Attrition Rate is 92.5% for the first 100k Miles Driven: At the completion of the 2nd 100,000 miles driven, the LiON battery capacity reduces by another 3.5% for a Total Attrition of 89% Capacity after 200,000 miles are driven as compared to the LiON Battery’s initial charge-capacity. TESLA’s “battery guarantee” does not specify any excessive-battery-capacity-attrition limitation.

🔋🛱🔋 Battery Attrition in Perspective. The typical Driver travels about 12,000 miles to 15,000 miles per Year. Therefor to Drive 100,000 miles it would take the average driver from 6.6 years to 8.3 years, for an overall average of 13,500 miles driven per Year. This equals 7.4 years for the average driver to reach 100,000 Miles driven. This math is likely how TESLA arrived at its Tesla 8-Year Warranty for the Battery and Drive-Chain and there is no milage limitation for the 8 year Warranty Period.

🔋🛱🔋 Model-S LiON Battery as of July 2015, has been increased to a capacity of 90 kWh, replacing the 85 kWh battery. The 90 kWh battery represents a 6% Energy Increase due to “improved cell chemistry” plus the introduction of Silicon into the Graphite cell’s Anode.

🔋🛱🔋 Battery Capacity – Tesla anticipates an improvement in Battery Capacity of 5% per Year, for future LiON Batteries, because of improvements in the LiON’s chemistry and Anode/Cathode metals employed. Tesla also noted the P90D LiOn Battery for the Model-S has its main battery conductor protected by a Main Fuse rated at an astounding 1,500 Amps @ 600 VDC.

🔋🛱🔋 Examination of the Lion Battery. As noted, there are 7,104 individual LiOn battery Cells contained in the overall Battery Array. When disassembling the 85kWh battery, the container is totally sealed with adhesives and bolts.

🔋🛱🔋 LiON Battery, contains a “Fluid Circulation System” used internally inside the overall Battery Case. Each Module container of 444 LiON cells, are submerged and sealed with a “non-conductive” Fluid, identified as Ethylene Glycol a major component of automotive “AntiFreeze.”

🔋🛱🔋 The Purposes of the Fluid-Circulation-System is to (1) Maintain a relatively Consistent Temperature inside each of the Modules containing 444 LiON Cells. (2) The Fluid-System is also linked to a Heat Exchanger System (“radiator panels”) is center-mounted at the Lower-Front of the Car’s grill. In the event the temperature of the 16 LiON Modules exceed nominal levels, the Fluid-System permits circulation to the Front Mounted Radiator Panels, otherwise the heat-conductive Fluid circulates among the 16 Modules.

🔋🛱🔋 LiON Cell Environmental Ambient-Temperature Maintenance is important when the Car LiON Battery is being (1) Charged, particularly with a Super-Charger Station, or (2) when the LiON Battery experiences Heavy Power draws during high rates of Acceleration, “Peddle to the Metal situations.”

🔋🛱🔋 LiON Cellular Safety Disconnects. Notice the very thin electrical wire connections from the Top of each of the 7,104 LiON cells to the Module’s conductor electrical structure (identified with a White Arrow). Apparently the gauge of this Wire and the Wire’s-material, serves as a “Power Limiting Fuse” carefully engineered to “breakup” or “burn through” when any individual LiON Cell experiences an overload when being Charged or Discharged as it delivers Power from the Array to the Motor-Drives or the Charger-Circuit. Think of this as 7,104 individual “Fuses” protecting each of the 16 Modules, from an Over-Load due to the “Failure” of any single LiON cell.

🔋🛱🔋 LiOn Module Controller. Consider this, in the event 1 LiON cell Over-Heats and Shorts internally, it’s wire-fuse “burns-outs”, removing itself from the Module’s Array. There is an onboard Computer-Control Circuit Board connected to and Monitoring each of the 16 Modules, that’s housing 444 LiON cells contained in each Module. These 16 Computer-Controllers independently monitors the 444 Cell modules collectively, as to Power Usage, Charging Rate, Power Capacity, Voltage, Voltage Drop, and Internal Ambient Temperature. If any of these measurements become “Out-of-Normal” Range, a visual Alarm is delivered to the Car’s master Computer, issuing a Dash Board Warning, and recording the condition[s], time, and date into the Car’s internal Service Log, for the Service Technicians to assess.

🔋🛱🔋 One LiON Cell Fails. In the Event ONE (or More) of the Module’s 444 LiON cells removes itself from the Module’s Array, the Module would have 443 active LiOn cells remaining, then the Module is operating at 99.77% of rated capacity. The Math (443/444)x100. Also the power-rating of the entire LinOn Battery Array of 16 Modules, would also be reduced from 7104 cells to 7103 active cells, resulting in a Power reduction to 99.986% of Battery’s Overall rated capacity, an almost immeasurable difference. There are no publicly available records found as to how many LiOn individual Cells become “Fused Out” of the Battery over time, or during the Warranty period. Precision manufacturing and quality control issues are important factors to be aware of for future Battery Engineering.

🚘 TESLA Model-3 Reservations Surpassed 325,000 Cars in One Week – $14 Billion in Production, Starting “Late 2017” in 20 Months

🚘 Tesla announced Thursday that it has now surpassed 325,000 Reservations with Deposits of $1,000/Car (an increase of +49,000 Cars from Tesla’s Elon Musk’s Tweet just 4 Days ago).

🚘 TESLA had its Model-3 REVEAL to an enthusiastic crowd, on location and Live-Streamed to Millions on-line, the unveiling of the Model 3 late Thursday, March 31st at 11pm. Yes, truly only 7 days ago.

🚘 Tesla successfully caused 325,000 enthusiastic people to Reserve the Model-3 Car with refundable $1000 deposits. Wonderful, but
(A) Reservations should be converted into Contracts 90 days prior to delivery
(B) Average Price of Model-3 Estimate with options is $43,000
(C) Tesla should collect “at risk” deposits 90 days prior to Delivery
(D) Will Tesla Deliver & Closes Model-3 Car in reasonable time-frame
(E) Tesla says: “…it will generate [in 20 months, (12/2017) Enough Revenues [about $14 Billion] to make [the Model 3] the Biggest one-week Launch of any Product, ever.” This statement is questionable, however
(F) Strong Signals will emerge in 2 years, as Model-3 Cars roll off its Production-Line regarding
(1) Gross-margins and
(2) Production-Rates… But, there are many “assumptions” some of which may not come to fruition
(a) It’s very unlikely that 100% of the Reservations will emerge as deliveries, because of these issues
(b) When will Tesla require “at risk” deposits on the Model-3 Cars ordered
(c) Will the Model-3 actually be delivered at $35,000 promised
(d) How long will it take Tesla to Deliver the first 100,000 Reservations
(e) The Time Tesla consumes to Deliver the FIRST 100,000 Cars will give the remaining 235,000 Reservations reason to “Hang in there…” or Cancel.

🚘 Elon Musk says in another portion of today’s Tweet, going out to his 3.7 Million Twitter Followers of which I’m one… revealed that only 5% of the Model-3 Reservations, reserved TWO Model-3 Cars, the Maximum Tesla Permitted. Musk also tweeted, this suggested "low levels of speculation," or most buyers not looking to flip the car for a profit. The Reservation Agreement states that it is “not transferable.” This Means the Speculators, if any, would have to literally Buy the Car or 2 Cars outright, and thereafter re-Sell it/both as “Pre-Owned Cars” to the third-party.

🚘 Apple is the only other Company that comes to mind with huge product launches. Last September, 2015 [7 months ago] Apple launched their new iPhone 6S. Apple actually Sold & Delivered over 13 Million iPhones in its opening 3-Day weekend. But, this is for iPhones at an average selling price [ASP] of $700/iPhone. However, there was no significant time delay [other than Long Lines] for Store pick-ups or Fed-Ex shipments. Multiply, 13 Million iPhone sales by $700 iPhone ASP, the result is $9 Billion of iPhones Sold, Delivered, with Cash in Apple’s Bank. Apple’s $9 Billion in Sales in their 3-Day Sales Event is Very Impressive !

🚘 1. Front Seat Camera – Model-3 Test Drive: http://youtu.be/TiWOKBMTDvc
🚘 2. Front Seat Camera – Model-3 Test Drive: https://youtu.be/16SWVS56aZU
🚘 3. Rear Seat Camera – Model-3 Test Drive: http://youtu.be/yTRL5u57ukE
🚘 4. Hidden Features of – Model-3 Test Drive: http://youtu.be/Qr2FaDh-Hlg
🚘 5. Stage Center – Model-3 REVEAL Show: http://youtu.be/dmKvuRw4up4

🚘 Model-3 Demonstration Test-Drives. The 4 Video Clips above have been chosen to show the Best Views of the Test Drives following the TESLA’s REVEAL Thursday, March 31st, late evening. Listen to the in-Car reactions as the Model-3 accelerates. For the first two video clips, front seat passengers recorded the video clips using their iPhones. The third video clip was captured by a rear-seat passenger, which gives an interesting perspective of the all-Glass roof, and the driving experience and the view of the 15″ LCD control panel. The 4th clip is a 23 minute Video captured by TESLA Motors, of ELON MUSK’s presentation and unveiling of their Model-3, a $35,000 affordable Car. The only glimpse of Options, “Under $5000 for All Wheel Drive. The Presentation ended at 9:50pm PDT, and these Model-3 sample drives were conducted immediately after the SHOW.

🚘 TESLA’s Leader Elon Musk Tweeted 4 Days ago, it had received by a factor of “Three-Times” the number of Reservations Musk had originally anticipated, ruffly about 60,000 Reservations. However, the actual number of Reservations is presently over Five-Times Elon Musk’s initial guesstimate. As previously reported in this article [see — Previously Reported — below] this level of Reservations albeit impressive, raises number of ISSUES about Tesla’s initial Production Plan, to meet this increasingly complex Production Goal, namely the likely massive plant expansion plan, capital requirements, building the supply-line to name a few.

🚘 Recall, Tesla actually delivered over 16,700 Model-S Cars in 2014, 25,200 Cars in 2015, and Tesla is on target and delivering 4,100 Model-S per month, over 50,000 Model-S Cars expected in 2016; see graphic above. Add to these impressive Model-S Production increases, Ramping-up Tesla’s Plant Production to 100,000 Model-S cars for 2017. Add to this, literally hundreds of thousands of Model-3 Cars… This is a Massive Production Issue, that Tesla is now facing, for 2018, 2019, and 2020. It’s an exciting Challenge indeed.

🚘 Model 3 Reservation to Contract Conversion Ratio – The number of Reservations that actually convert to Contracts with at-risk Deposits. Tesla stands to generate huge revenues [depending on how many Reservations convert to “at-risk” contracts, and what percentage fall away due to delivery Delays or Repricing of the Model-3 Car, once Cars are actually rolling off the Production-Line]. Recall, with the early days of the Model-S, deliveries were slower than anticipated and promised, and Pricing increased. Profitability remains an open question until actual Delivery Margins are determined.

🚘 Tesla says the number of preorders it has received in its 1st full Week, corresponds to $14 billion in Revenues in future Closed Sales. The Question remains, How Long will it take Tesla to deliver several hundred thousand Model-3 Cars. Tesla boasts that it was able to generate incredible level of Hype for the Model 3 without any dollars spent in Advertisements or "paid endorsements." The company has collected $325 million in cash, albeit refundable, for the Model 3 deposits paid. Fortunately for the more fickle, or the impatient folks that reserved a Car or two, the $1,000 deposits are refundable.

🚘 In the 4 decades that we’ve been reporting, We’ve never witnessed such a high number of reservations for any Automobile. For a very long time, the 12,000 orders written on the launch day of Citroen’s legendary DS in 1955, was considered as the “Sales Record-to-Beat.”

🚘 For the new Ford Fiesta, then the World’s Best Selling Cars, launched in 2011, the Ford Fiesta earned Headlines for receiving “6,000 reservations, and more than 100,000 folks with their hands-raised” signaling these folks “wanted one, months ahead of its actual Launch” as a Ford press release trumpeted then. Those with Hands-Raised did not have $1,000 deposits. By Year-End 2011, the Ford Fiesta sold over 780,000 Cars.

🚘 In perspective, the World’s best-selling electric vehicle, the Nissan Leaf, Sold a total 211,000 Leafs, globally since its launch in 2010, as Nissan spokesman Dion Corbett mentioned at the Tesla reveal.

🚘 TESLA Unveiled its New Model-3 Affordable 4-Door, 5-Passenger Electric Vehicle to a VERY Enthusiastic Crowd. The Model-3 Car is Likewise Very Exciting, earning over 276,000 Reservations, equating to $11.5 Billion in Production Value, as of End-of-Day Saturday. These figures were received Sunday from Elon Musk at 2:28pm by his Tweet.

🚘 Elon Musk mentioned Sunday… “We will have to Totally Rethink the Production Plan…” in light of the huge number of Reservations. Before the Model-3 was open to pre-orders, Musk was imagining 50-to-60,000 pre-orders, towards their target GOAL of 500,000 Model-3 Cars, with a MULTI-Year delivery plan. Without question, the Buying Public is very excited about TESLA, the brand and the success of the Model-S; Model-3 pre-orders have already consumed more than half of TESLA’s sales Goal. TESLA has an Exciting Problem.

🚘 Perspective on Production Rates – TESLA delivered a bit over 50,000 Model-S Cars this year, equating to roughly 4,100 Cars/Month, it’s recent production rate. Let’s say TESLA is able to Scale-UP its Production Plant for Model-3 Cars, to 6,000 Model-3 Cars/Month (1,500/Week or 200/Day), I’d rate this figure as Optimistic on my part.

🚘 Let’s try a Production Volume of 1,500/Week representing a 150% increase over the current TESLA production figures for the Model-S and X Cars. 1,500 Cars/Week is still TOO much to expect, but… When your Company just booked just under 300,000 Reservations for your “New Baby” in only a few Days, management Energy level is Super-Hot, like Solar.

🚘 Let’s go with 6k Model-3 Cars per month as a 1st year Production GOAL; That’s roughly 150% of TESLA’s current production rate of the Model-S; granted the Model-3 may be a somewhat less complex assembly than the Model-S, but …

🚘 How long will it take to construct the necessary Factory Expansion? How long will it take to Acquire, Install and Program the Robotic Machinery? and then there is the MONEY Part. Plant and Equipment are not cheep, particularly when you’re in a Hurry. Tick-Tock-Tick-Tock…

🚘 At a Production Rate of 1,500 Model-3 Cars/Week, assuming TESLA is capable of scaling up to this level, it may likely take TESLA a number years, for Tesla to deliver all the Model-3 Reservations… An exciting problem to have. TESLA has Logistics issues in ramping up Production, the facilities, robotics, tooling, and personnel, to meet the demand of 276,000 pre-orders, which may grow to 400,000 Reservations before a shovel goes in the Ground for the Plant Expansion.

🚘 The graphic above provides a glimpse of how well TESLA sales compare against other brands of Luxury Vehicles over a two year period, 2014 and 2015. TESLA reports that it’s 2016 Sales of their Model-S and Model-X vehicles will comfortably exceed 50,000 Electric Cars.

🚘 Let’s not forget the Financing issues with Plant Expansion, Tooling, Robotics, Infrastructure, combined with the Dollars needed to increase the Plant Facilities, and Purchasing the Raw Materials for its custom components, the 8000 unique parts Supply-Line to Fabricate the Model-3 Cars.

🚘 I’ve been inside the finance industry as Director, Vice Chairman of the Board, CEO of several financial institutions. Sadly: When a Client is in a really Big Hurry with an Exciting Project, the Bankers are inversely proportional as to their Enthusiasm, and seem to move as slow as molasses in January. When you have your Luncheons & Dinner meetings, they seem sooo slooow… With such profound needs, “we don’t really want to Eat…” and then, they’ll get back to you with Q&A in a week or soooo… when we Need the Dollar Commitments in Days not Months… I’m getting a really big headache just thinking about all of this. ELON MUSK, I feel your Pain.

🚘 The Parochial Automotive Industry would love to have these issues. Aside from logistics, which is a huge undertaking, Financing becomes the FIRST major issue… $Billions, Lots of $Billions. Without huge levels of Fresh Capital in Hand, none of this begins. Without Question, Tesla will get the Funding Requirements they need, once they Qualify a Pool of the Reservations. Elon Musk and his Team are not sleeping much these days… Tick, tock, tick, tock… no time to waist.

🚘 OK, Let’s get Realistic. Elon Musk and his team thought they’d may have 60,000+ Reservations, and they’d add onto their existing facilities, department by department, expand here, expand there, move this, move that… Isn’t that nice… BUT

🚘 With the 300,000+ Reservations for M-3 Cars in only a few DAYS, a number FIVE TIMES more than anyone on the Team imagined, much less planned for. That’s the Key, no planning for this Huge figure. So Everything changes. That beautifully bound M-3 Production Plan is Totally obsolete.

🚘 TESLA’s Model-3 Production Plan needs to be totally rethought, so says Elon Musk by his Tweet, that’s a challenge. Tesla figuratively speaking has to “Build another FACTORY but BIGGER” than most of those buildings pictured below. How does TESLA do this FAST?

🚘 Important First Step. TESLA needs to “Qualify” a portion of the Reservations List. Convert a Pool of Reservations into Non-Refundable Contracts. For TESLA to engage in this Huge Plant Expansion, it needs to know How Many Reservations will become Real Sales. TESLA needs to know the Buyers are similarly committed to their Model-3 (Reservations) as Tesla is in their Delivery.

🚘 Let’s Play… Proceed with the first Pool of 80,000 Reservations, in Date Order. Congratulate each for being among the First to receive the Model-3. Tesla should not do this with a number of Pools of Reservations, as Tesla firms up their Plant Expansion Plan, Financing Commitments, Timing for both, Plant Production Rate, and a Schedule for the Model-3 Car Assembly…

🚘 Send 80,000 Reservation Holders a Conditional Sales Contract, each selects their Options, Add down for the “Total Purchase Price” of their Model-3. Let’s say the Total Price is, on average $42,000. Require a 15% Non-Refundable Deposit. For a $42k Car, the Deposit equals $6,300 including the $1000 Reservation deposit. The Client writes a non-Refundable Check in the amount of $5,300 to TESLA, and agrees that their $1,000 Reservation previously paid, becomes non-refundable. Alternatively, the Client passes on the deal and requests the return of their $1,000 deposit.

🚘 For more Confidence in Qualifying these Reservation Pools, increase the non-refundable deposit to 20%, probably the limit due to the lengthy delivery window. Use 15% for the First 80,000 reserved-pool, then increase to 20% for the next 80k reserved pool. May as well separate the Men from the Boys, sooner than later. These folks are not buying Chevy VOLTs that are sitting on car Lots – TESLA is building Custome Model-3 cars to Buyer Specification. Perhaps Elon Musk should sign a 3″ Tesla Logo, a Decal, and attach it to inside of the windshields, a sign of TESLA’s appreciation.

🚘 TESLA Must Know who are Committed Buyers and who are not. If 80%* of the 80,000 First Pool of Reservations become Buyers, then TESLA is fairly confident that 64,000 Model-3 Cars Buyers are committed with “at-risk” Contracts equating to $2.688 Billion Sales, with $403.2 Million in Non-Refundable Deposits. For this first Pool of Reservations, TESLA should have confidence in moving forward for their extensive Plant Expansion. Also, the 80%* Conversion Ratio (my guesswork) should give Tesla a “feel” for the balance of the Reservations. Recall we arbitrarily picked 80%*. No one really know.*

🚘 The CLOCK is TESLA’s enemy, as it surely does not want to loose [any portion of] these Pre-Sales, because of the Company’s failure to deliver in a reasonable amount of time. Think about it. It may take Tesla 18 months just to Build the Robotics, the Plant, the Infrastructure, the Power, the Water Resources, the Raw Materials, the Chemistry, the Storage Facilities, the Fire Protection. All to support an additional 6,000 Cars/Month Output, 150% more than the Model-S assembly-line production-rate (4,100 Cars/Mo) is currently handling. Imagine these logistics… OMG, let’s not forget building up the supply-line for all of the Model-3’s roughly 8,000 custom parts. All right enough Drama. It’s more fun to talk about that amazing Model-3

🚘 Model-3 combines real world Driving Range, 215 miles to 350 miles per Charge, Performance, Safety and Spaciousness into a premium sedan that only TESLA can build. TESLA’s most affordable car yet, Model 3 achieves a minimum of 215 miles of range per charge while Priced at only $35,000 before Tax incentives. Isn’t that nice… Ooops, here’s some more Drama.

🚘 Who in their Right Mind would think to Worry about Exceeding the Federal Limit for Buyers receiving their Tax Credits. Well, the Limit is apparently 200,000 Green Cars for each Manufacturer. It may be that 1/3rd of the Model-3 Reservations may not have the Tax Credit they counted on. Apparently the US Federal Tax Credit only applies to the first 200,000 Tesla Cars delivered. They’ll need a good Lawyer or two, to examine the Tax Code to see if the 50,000 Model-S deliveries have already “eaten into” the GREEN limit of 200,000 Cars per Company.

🚘 The Whitehouse wants everyone to Drive “GREEN” well here is a terrific opportunity for the President, the TESLA Model-3 is for the masses… Immediately below is the Link so you can Sign the Petition directed to the White House, making an appeal to extend [or remove] the current 200,000 limit/Car Model, that provides for a $7,500 Tax Credit; it’s very simple to complete, see the image below. We have a Readership of over 100,000 so let’s have everyone sign on… https://petitions.whitehouse.gov/petition/increase-ev-tax-credit-cap-manufacturer

🚘 Model-3 is designed to attain the highest safety ratings in every category. After 10 years of hard work, Tesla has finally “revealed” the Model-3, the vehicle that CEO Elon Musk now knows, will take the Electric Vehicle, “EV” to the masses. When you see the interior of the Model-3, it’s like you are visualizing a Car decades into the Future.

🚘 Everything that controls the Car, except for Steering, is displayed on a 15″ Touch Screen, otherwise the “dash-board” is literally clear of any buttons, nobs, and gauges. TESLA engineers mention that the User Interface in the reveal, is not necessarily in final form. Looking at the Picture below, this is not an “Artists Rendering” of the Cockpit of the Model-3. The image below is the actual Model-3 Drivers Seat. When you view the Video Clips later in this article, you will see the Driver in this Car.

🚘 Truly futuristic. Remember this Car is equipped with true Auto-Pilot logistics and hardware. Most of the Car’s functions are selected by computer-Touch-Screen-control, shown on the 15″ high resolution LCD display, which has been brought Forward close to the Driver, so it’s in easy reach of the Driver, without having to lean-forward, an issue with the Model-S’s 17″ display mounted in the console.

🚘 At the unveiling of the Model-3 late Thursday evening and into the early morning of April 1st, at the company’s design studio in Hawthorne, California, TESLA’s CEO, Elon Musk said the car will deliver at least 215 miles range beginning at just $35,000, a bold claim, and an important milestone for Tesla to achieve. Musk is “confident” that deliveries will begin by the end of 2017, and “you will not be able to buy a better car for $35,000, even if you select no options.” “And it will be one of the safest cars in the world in every category” according to Musk.

🚘 Tesla reported more than 276,000 Pre-Orders have been placed, where buyers put $1,000 down, as of April 3rd, and that number will likely continue to increase. To bring these figures into perspective, as we are talking about Automobiles, not iPhones, 276,000 pre-Ordered Cars equates to roughly $276 Million in paid Deposits held for 20 months, equating to over $11.5 Billion in pre-sales, (Elon Musk is assuming $41.6k/Car). Pre-Sales of this magnitude is Huge, and Never heard of in the Auto Industry.

🚘 TESLA is creating the excitement that is routinely generated at Apple Product Releases. However, this is about Cars, not iPhones. The “standard” Model-3 will accelerate from 0-60 mph in less than 6 seconds, with upgraded versions that will go “much faster.”

🚘 Model-3 Options – If you choose the 4-wheel drive AWD option (ElonMusk said today this option will be priced under $5k) includes a front mounted electric motor, in addition to the “standard” rear-mounted main electric motor.

🚘 Model-3 Range will be at least 215 miles/charge, but Tesla Engineers hope to exceed this number in the final Production Car, with the advancement of the Battery technology, and optimized electronics over the next 18 months of pre-development. One of the Options will be a Larger Lithium battery array to extend the Range to 300+ miles/charge. No word yet on the option price for the larger LiON Battery.

🚘 All Model-3 cars will include [the internal electronics package] support for Tesla’s high-speed Supercharger Stations, because “it’s about going where you want to go,” according to Musk. With the Model-S the supercharger internal charging package was a $2,500+ option; For the Model-3 its included in the “standard” Car. By the end of 2017, when the Model-3 begins Car deliveries, Tesla says it will have a total of 7,200 Supercharger Stations in operation, which is double the number available today, and 15,000 charging locations.

🚘 Like the Model-S, the Model-3 will come with a powerful Rear-Wheel Drive electric Motor and an optional all-wheel drive version, plus there’s a 15″ landscape touchscreen LCD driver’s control-display an interesting change from the 17″ portrait touchscreen as in the Model-S and X. Autopilot hardware is standard, plus all safety features will be active automatically. Five adults will fit comfortably, “comfortably is the important part here,” says Musk.

🚘 The front-to-rear roof area, from the windshield all the way to the trunk, will be one continuous piece of structural-glass. And, just like the Model-S, the Model-3 will have front and rear trunks for storage. “More cargo capacity than any gasoline car of the same external dimensions,” says Musk. You can even fit a 7-foot long surfboard on the inside of the Model-3.

🚘 The two current Tesla vehicles, the Model-S and Model-X, are both relatively expensive. Even with tax incentives, both cars easily push $100,000. In order for Tesla to deliver 10-times as many cars as it now delivers, it needed a less expensive automobile in the lineup. That’s where the Model-3 comes in. The Model-3 is the future for TESLA.

🚘 Don’t expect to get your hands on a Model-3 until sometime in 2018 considering that there are over 276,000 pre-orders ahead of you. The Model-3 is expected to begin production in the 4th quarter of 2017, roughly 20 months from now. Tesla is currently accepting pre-orders for a modest $1,000 refundable down payment. Tesla plans to more than double the size of its retail Sales Stores and Service Centers [in the TESLA network] by the end of 2017, to Sell and Service all these new TESLA cars.

🚘 At the unveiling of the Model-3 Thursday evening, Elon Musk thanked Model-S and Model-X purchasers as these Sales Revenues helped to fund the development of the new Model-3 car. The Model-3 is the culmination of a full decade of hard work. Elon Musk is betting $Billions on TESLA, and it needs to deliver. The future of Tesla Motors, quite literally “rides on the success” of the Model-3. The incredible number of pre-sales, over 276,000, is an strong indication, TESLA is on its way to becoming a huge participant in the EV Automobile industry.

🚘 The Model-3 is the car Tesla Motors has promised since the company’s founding, the car that CEO Elon Musk is convinced, will push EVs into the mainstream and the technology to an inflection point. This is the car Musk believes will change the world. “It’s very important to accelerate the transition to sustainable transport,” Musk said on stage. “This is really important for the future of the world.” To View this TESLA Event on YouTube, and there are more Links below: https://goo.gl/uo5suC

🚘 In person and on paper, the Model-3 is a real “shocker”. It’s a very handsome sedan, with four doors, five seats, and all the creature comforts and practicality you’d expect of an upscale mid-size sedan. The Electric Propulsion, Battery System, and the Drive train are capable of 0-to-60 mph acceleration, at under 6-Seconds, plus a range of 215 miles/charge. It’s packed with technology, style, and at a bargain price as Tesla delivers it at the $35,000 base price, Musk promises you’ll pay. Musk also estimates that $6,600 in options will bring the average delivery price to $41,600.

🚘 For the first 200,000 sales of the Model-3 there will be a federal tax credit, according to current Law. The specs and price are key, because so far Tesla Motors has aimed squarely at the affluent buyer. The company’s first three models, the innovative Roadster sports car, exquisite Model-S sedan, and tech-slinging Model-X SUV, made electric cars fun, cool, and compelling. The Model-3 is meant to do something greater: sell to the masses, using electric car propulsion.

🚘 TESLA Model-3 is a very innovative passenger car. During its unveiling two days ago, we were able to capture several videos of brief guest-drives around the TESLA grounds in the late evening. The links below are YouTube videos to see the Model-3 captured from the front-passenger seat, and the back-seat. While watching these brief clips, take notice of the “Dash Board” other than the 15″ display to the right of the Driver’s view, the Dash-Board in front of the steering-wheel is totally blank, clean, no clutter whatsoever, as all of the controls and gauges are visible on the 15″ LCD display [which has been pushed forward towards the Driver] at “Screen-Center-Right” literally, within Easy Reach to the Driver without having to lean-forward.

🚘 TESLA Model-3 Revealed. Below are 5 of the Best Video Clip Links we’ve found, showing the First Reveal of TESLA’s new Model-3 in action, on the SHOW Stage and on the Road. These Videos are the Best part of this Article, as you’ll get to experience the Reveal SHOW Event as if you were there, plus the experiences of the Test Drives of several of the participants that attended the SHOW. Looking at the Dash Board, it is very Futuristic… what a Car would look like decades from now, but TESLA’s Model-3 is quite literally NOW.

🚘 First Look of Model-3 On-Stage: http://youtu.be/Jd_RXG_WZqQ

🚘 TMC Test-Drive of Model-3: http://youtu.be/TiWOKBMTDvc

🚘 First Test-Drive of Model-3: https://youtu.be/16SWVS56aZU

🚘 Second Test-Drive of Model-3: http://youtu.be/yTRL5u57ukE

🚘 TESLA Model-3 Unveiling 24 Minute Show: http://youtu.be/dmKvuRw4up4

🚘 Tesla is not alone, in hoping to do the remarkable and frankly, it was “beaten in the race” to build a $30K EV Auto with a triple-digit range by General Motors. However, this stat is where the comparison ends. In January, the Detroit stalwart introduced the 2017 Chevrolet VOLT, a battery electric hatchback with a range of 200 miles/charge, and a price of $37,500 and that’s where the comparison ends.

🚘 Musk isn’t the slightest bit worried about competition, and to be fair, has little reason to be. The Volt is impressive, but Tesla has the proven ability to get people very excited, and there’s no denying the company has a cachet many automakers only dream of…

🚘 Have You Ever seen thousands of people lining up outside Automobile Dealerships, waiting to place a $1,000 deposit on a Car they haven’t even seen yet… something that happened at many Tesla Stores last week. By the time Musk pulled the white-sheet off the Model-3 Thursday evening at the sprawling Space X campus in Hawthorne, California, 115,000 customers had already put their money down [$1000/car] and within 36 hours of the unveiling over 276,000 Model-3 Cars have been pre-Ordered, equating to about $11.5 Billion in pre-sales.

🚘 Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning founded Tesla Motors in 2003. Musk, flush with cash after selling PayPal to eBay for $1.4 billion, joined in early 2004 as its chairman and primary benefactor. He took over as CEO in 2008, shortly after the debut of the company’s first car, the Roadster. The two-seater was a “proof of concept” designed to show that these 2,400 Sports Car, EVs, could be cool. It was based on the Lotus Elise, as it could hit 60 mph in 3.7 Seconds, and squeezed a 245 range from a 950 pound LiON battery. Car & Driver called it “a revelation”. Tesla sold about 2,400 of these Sports Roadsters at $100k/car, in 4 years.

🚘 Then came the Model-S, a truly remarkable sedan good for almost 300 miles on a charge. Even now, four years after its debut, the sedan remains a marvel. It’s everything most people would ever dream of in a Car… It’s roomy, comfortable, practical, quick, and reliable, and gorgeous. Motor Trend and Automobile Magazine called it the “Car of the Year” in 2013, and Consumer Reports gave it its best Rating Score of 99+ the highest rating ever for any Car it tested in its entire 19 year history of testing.

🚘 TESLA’s 17″ LCD Display and user-interface and performance has steadily improved on the Model-S, using over-the-air [cellular] software updates similar to iPhone iOS updates to its operating system, to make every Model-S perform even better and to enhance the User-Interface of the 17″ display. Tesla made hardware changes too, offering an optional front-motor to provide four-wheel drive, motors in the Rear and Front, bigger batteries for greater range, improved electronics, and true Auto-Pilot delivering auto-self-driving capabilities. The 0 to 60 time plunged to a stomach-dropping 2.8 seconds, on par with mid-six-figure exotic cars.

🚘 Meanwhile, Tesla built an international network of 1,600 “superchargers” where owners can plug-in and charge the battery for free where one could charge their Tesla battery to 80% (230 miles of driving) in roughly 30 minutes. Tesla fought with local governments, for the right to sell cars directly to customers [without Dealerships]. It acquired an enormous factory once occupied by GM and Toyota. TESLA broke ground and almost fully completed, its “Gigafactory” where it works with Panasonic to build an unimaginable number of Lithium batteries, more battery power than all other Lithium Battery power factories combined, globally, in TESLA’s single humongous plant. In October, 2015 it introduced the Model-X, a handsome, falcon-winged SUV based on the Model-S, with Gull-Winged rear doors. With hundreds of thousand Model-3D preorders, TESLA will need their Gigafactory, which is their plan.





🚘 Tesla Model S Ranks Best Overall Car for 2014 by Consumer Reports, among 260 autos tested ~ Not only did Tesla Rank #1 Tesla scored the Highest Score ever Achieved in the Magazine’s 18 years of testing Cars ~ Plus What’s Not to Like about Driving for 3Âą/mile when Gas costs 16Âą/mile 🚘

🚘 Tesla Model S an all Electric LiON Battery Powered Car, Ranks as the Best Overall Car for 2014 by Consumer Reports, among 260 automobiles tested, whether fueled by electric batteries, gas or diesel fuel, or a hybrid of two fuels. Not only did Tesla Rank #1, it scored the Highest Score ever recorded in CR’s 18 year history of testing Cars.

🚘 Don’t know what TESLA is… In Physics Class we learned about the Tesla Coil, a high-voltage frequency generator. The Tesla Coil is one of Nikola Tesla’s most famous invention in 1891. See Tesla and his inventions below.

🚘 Elon Musk’s Tesla Motors Inc. (TSLA:US) has earned the ardor of investors and the highest U.S. safety ratings. It can also add the honor of having the best-reviewed car of the year by automobile testers at Consumer Reports, earning the Highest score ever of 99 given in Consumer Reports 18 year history of reviewing Cars.

🚘 Consumer Report summarizes their study saying "Sure, you can talk about this electric luxury car’s blistering acceleration, razor-sharp handling, compliant ride, and versatile cabin, which can fit a third-row of seats. But that just scratches the surface of this technological tour de force."

🚘 Consumer Reports editors further say "The Tesla is brimming with innovation. Its massive, easy-to-use 17" touch-screen controls most of the car’s functions. Tesla is totally keyless in operation, locking, unlocking, starting, full Internet access, and ultra-quiet, zero-emission driving experience, the Tesla is a glimpse into a future where cars and computers coexist in seamless harmony. Its 275-mile driving range and 3-hour charges, using Tesla’s special connector, also make it the easiest, most practical, albeit pricey, electric car to live with."

🚘 “It’s truly a groundbreaking car,” Jake Fisher, Consumer Reports’ director of auto testing who oversaw this year’s review of 260 vehicles, said an interview. “You get into it, and it really stands out. It’s the very best car I’ve ever driven.”

🚘 Consumer Reports tests and evaluates cars for how well they drive, interior-finish quality, safety and reliability. The model rankings influence car buyers and are published in the Yonkers, New York-based magazine’s annual auto issue.

🚘 It was interesting researching how Consumer Reports tests each of the 260 vehicles this year. Each car is driven about 6000 miles while the evaluation teams assess every imaginable function and quality of the cars under examination.

🚘 Today’s TESLA is a very exciting Luxury Battery Powered automobile with a 275 mile range.

🚘 In appearance the Tesla does not just "gets on terms" with the two-plus-two Aston, it almost cinches it. The sweeping lines and a callipygous rear give the Tesla the look of a concept car. But this is no Concept car with limited delivery, as Tesla has ramped up production to over 25,000 units/year. The door handles motor-out to meet you (one of a number of motorized functions) and the doors swing wide.

🚘 Inside is Tesla’s cabin Very Unconventional, it’s almost the appearance of a Science Fiction Futuristic Auto. The seating are cantilever-mounted onto a flat-floor, with an uncluttered full-width floor space. A dramatic digital instrument panel in front of the driver central-displays show charge level, power usage, range, and speed.

🚘 The central facia has the appearance of a very large Touch-Screen iPad, (but its not) with simple and classy Apple-style graphics, that controls most of the Car’s functions, Mapping, Directions, tailored to go with Mercedes-Benz-styled switches and steering column stalks.

🚘 Tesla Model S electric car is “the answer” I’ve personally been looking for. I have remained on the side-lines with all electric cars because of two reasons: (1) most of the offerings look like "soup-cans with wheels and windows" (not so with the Tesla, as its stunningly attractive inside and out) and (2) they have such a limited Range most under 100 miles, one "can not drive it out of town" (not so with the Tesla as it can deliver 300 miles in Range.

🚘 One wonders if the other Car-makers have been sleeping on the job. With Tesla’s share-price on fire after recently announcing plans for a new battery “gigafactory” (now, that’s a factory), confirming next year’s SUV, the Model-X, and a smaller, cheaper model (like $36k) for 2017. Today there’s barely a Silicon-Valley baron or Hollywood Star without a Model S in their Garage.

🚘 Tesla is Fueled by a huge, flat, Lithium Ion battery, a single unit that delivers 85,000 Watt-hours of power. The Battery lines almost the entire bottom of the floor-board; however, the Battery is very well protected. To put this Battery in perspective, a 85kWhr of battery power is equivalent to about 16,200 iPhone-LiON-Batteries all linked together into a single huge flat-battery-array.

🚘 The LiON battery in the Tesla Model-S contains a unique LiON battery-chemistry so that it delivers power and takes recharge cycles for at least 8 years, equivalent to the Tesla battery-warranty, with unlimited miles.

🚘 Surely, now that Tesla has proven to the marketplace that an attractive well designed Car with good range can be delivered in mass quantities. Also, since Tesla is expanding its assembly plants to grow production by 50% this year and next, Battery Technology will be the focus for these fine Cars. Surely, Tesla wants to increase its Model-S Range to 400 miles then to 500 miles, since Electric fueling stations are not as populated as Gasoline stations.

🚘 When viewing Tesla’s Model-S at the retail-store in our Boca Raton Town Center Mall, they have several fully assembled, ready to drive Cars, and two Cars that were apparently taken off the assembly-line, displaying the beautifully engineered frame, battery array, the steering points, the motor and inverter package at the car’s rear-end. Very Impressive displays making it clear to anyone, engineer or house-wife, that this Car is an engineering marvel, that gives the quality feeling that Apple delivers with their products, with an obvious display of an incredible level of attention to every minute element of detail.

🚘 Tesla SuperChargers recharges Model S quickly, Super quickly. Superchargers are for refueling quickly on road trips. A Supercharger can replenish 50% the 85 kWh battery in about 25 minutes. All Model S vehicles with the 85 kWh battery can use SuperChargers as can properly equipped 60 kWh battery vehicles. SuperCharger (Electric) Fuel Stations will be positioned at convenient locations along major interstates throughout the country.

🚘 Tesla SuperCharger stations the Cost for a "Full Tank of Electricity" is FREE, although it costs Tesla say $300,000 per station. Tesla considers this fueling feature as a Marketing Expense, to make it clear to Tesla Owners, and those interested in buying a Tesla Car, that they can get a "Fill-Up" when going out of town. In a Hurry, no problem, the Super-Charger Stations will have two "Fueling" modes, Plug in your Tesla Model S for 20 minutes for 100 miles of Range, 40 minutes for 200 miles of Range or 60 minutes to "Fill the Tank" in this case a fully recharged battery.

🚘 Tesla’s Free Fueling feature is considered a "Marketing Expense" where these costs are not "built into the price of their cars." Recall that a fill-up costs Tesla about $9, assuming an electric utility cost of 11Âą per kilowatt, typical in the USA.

🚘 A major Free-Fueling costs facing Tesla is the development of the Fueling Station Network, the real estate and construction costs, estimated to be approximately $300,000 per station. This expense could be amortized over say 20 years, making this a $15,000/year per Station, expense to the financial statement.

🚘 SuperCharger Stations. If Tesla builds 500 SuperCharger Nation-Wide Network, the depreciation expense would be on the order of $7.5 million/year. If every SuperCharger Station with 3-fueling lanes were charging for 24 hours/day, this represents 26,000 fill-ups/year per Station; Assuming the electric-utility cost is $9/Fill-Up, then each staton would expense $234,000/year per station, which equates to about $115 million/year for the Nation-Wide network of 500 SuperCharger stations.

🚘 With 150,000 Tesla Cars on the Road planned, the Annual expense for SuperCharger Stations equates to about $800/Tesla, a Very imaginative use of marketing dollars. This represents a 1% marketing component per car, not a large figure indeed. By the end of 2015 Tesla will have enough SuperCharger Stations to cover 98% of the Population in the US and portions of Canada.

🚘 Tesla SuperCharger Stations have another Amazing feature, the capability of the Model-S receiving a 100% Full-Charge in 95 Seconds with a "Battery Replacement" performed at the station. Just pull-up over a designated area, and your Model-S’ Battery is dropped-down with automation, and a New Fully-Charged Battery is pushed-backup into your Model-S in about 1 minute 30 seconds. Tesla literally swaps your car’s battery for a new battery that has been already fully-charged.

🚘 I witnessed two Model-S cars in line at a Tesla SuperCharger Station, (a video-clip is provided below) that received Lion Battery swaps for two Tesla’s in line, requiring about 3 minutes total time for both Model-S cars, 90 seconds each. Filling your 23 Gallon Tank with Gasoline takes about 4 minutes. This service costs $80 for the 85 kWhr battery-swap or $60 for the 60 kWhr battery. When you return from your trip, go back to the same SuperCharger Station that swapped your battery, and the station then re-Swaps your Car’s original LiON battery fully-charged.

🚘 The $80 cost for the 90 second fill-up costs about 26Âą/mile if you’re in a hurry. Not in a hurry go for the SuperCharger and wait 30 to 45 minutes to "Top-Off your Tank" for Free. While you have a travel-break, at the Coffee shot near-by. Recall, if you have an iPhone, the App will keep you posted on the Battery Level as it Fills with electric-power. How Cool is that!

🚘 If you decide to retain the NEW LiON Battery, in other words, you don’t re-Swap batteries, Tesla will "Charge" you (pardon the pun) the price difference between your original LiON battery, and the price of a New LiON battery. This may be your plan, say in Year Two or Three, as aged LiON Batteries may only accept 90% to 95% charges. No figures are available on this option, as these swap-stations are scheduled for later in 2015.

🚘 The Cost of a new 85 kWhr LiON Battery is $12,000. If you decide to retain the New Battery Swap, the question is what is the "trade-in" value for your existing Model-S battery that’s 2 or 3 years old. The SuperCharger Battery Swap capability commences in 2015 nation-wide, so the financial models are not set as to the price for the battery swap, if you decide keep the new battery. Since the Model-S battery is warrantied for 8 years, if charging performance diminishes in Range, I’d be looking to the factory warranty to replace the battery.

🚘 Tesla is developing hundreds of SuperCharger Stations in the USA as an amazing marketing campaign as the "Fill-Ups" are Free. Think about it, travel to Grandma’s with no cost for Fuel, in Tesla’s case, electricity.

🚘 The Control Panel in each Tesla Model-S has a beautiful Google Maps styled GPS Map, showing in real-time, every location of a SuperCharger Station, and your location of the Model-S, giving detailed directions if necessary, and your Tesla’s Range to arrive the SuperCharger station. The GPS is also functional to input your destination. For the local folks in south Florida, there is a SuperCharger Station near MACY’s Front door in the parking garage of the Town Center Mall, and two others 25 miles south in Fort Lauderdale and 25 miles north of Boca Raton.

🚘 Tesla Superchargers allow Model S owners to travel for free between cities along well-traveled highways in North America and Europe. Superchargers provide a 50% charge in as few as 20 minutes and are strategically placed to allow owners to drive from station to station with minimal stops, or fear of running our of "Fuel." The Coverage for North America already provides for Coast-to-Coast driving. Here are Tesla’s Plans for SuperCharger station development:

✔ Today, First Quarter, 2014 – 78 stations, Coast-to-coast travel now enabled
✔ 2014 – 80% of the US population Covered plus portions of Canada
✔ 2015 – 98% of the US population Covered plus parts of Canada

🚘 Superchargers are located near amenities like roadside diners, cafes, and shopping centers. Road Trippers can stop for a quick meal and have their Model S charged when they’re done.

🚘 Tesla Model S cost for a Fill-Up equates to about $0.0311/mile. For a 275 mile range assuming you use Airconditioning, 275x$0.0311 equates to a Fill-Up cost of $8.50, assuming the Electric utility charge of 11±/kWatt, that Tesla pays for, a typical rate in south Florida. To Fill-Up your typical gasoline 4-Door Sedan automobile with 12.5 Gallons of Gas priced at $3.85/gallon costs $48.00, assuming the MPG is about 22 mpg vehicle, delivering the same range.

🚘 To this point in this Article its been all about Good Looks and the Battery. Lets now turn our attention to the Motor. One of the Demands by Elan Musk to his engineering team, is to have this vehicle powered by a strong engine, so that the buyer of a Tesla Model-S will not feel like there has been compromise in power or performance. Let it be said that a 416hp electric Motor rotating at around 6500 RPM generates an amazing level of Acceleration. There is simply NO Compromise with this electric engine.

🚘 Model S is a rear wheel drive electric vehicle. The liquid-cooled powertrain includes the battery, motor, drive inverter, and gear box. 60 kWh or 85 kWh microprocessor controlled, lithium-ion battery, a rear mounted 3-phase, 4-pole AC induction-motor with a copper rotor, creating 416hp; That’s dramatic amount of Horse Power, a Power Drive Inverter with variable frequency drive, a regenerative braking system, and a single-speed-reduction, Fixed-Gear ratio of 9.73:1 reduction ratio.

🚘 Tesla Model-S Power Train and Motor. The Electric motor powering the Model-S is a 416hp alternating current, variable frequency design. The motor itself weighs approximately 250 pounds, with a Copper-Wound Rotor, the internal component that rotates with a Gear on its shaft. Interesting that the Motor is Super-Power A/C motor, and the Battery is a 85 kWhr LiON direct current. Directly right of the rear-mounted Motor is a Power-Inverter that transforms up to 1200 Amps of DC electricity to A/C power, powering the Motor.

🚘 The Motor has a Running Rate of 5,000 to 8,000 RPM. There is Single-Gear reduction of 9.73 to 1 (no gear-shifting as with typical automobile transmissions). Therefore with a Rotor that weighs about 50 pounds rotating at an average speed of say 6,500RPM causes the drive shaft to rotate at about 500 RPM to 800RPM, this represents an incredible amount of power on the Wheels.

🚘 The Tesla motor’s Rotor weighing in at about 50 pounds, that is spinning at an average of 6500RPM, generates a huge level of power on the rear wheels. The velocity of Tesla’s motor, the RPM is controlled by changing the Frequency of the Alternating Current combined with the amount of Amperes of electric current, up to 1,200 amps when desiring fast acceleration from a dead-stop or changing lanes on a highway. This combination of factors controls the power, the driver desires by pressing one’s foot on the accelerator-pedal. Lots of very unique electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, and design, to accomplish this seamlessly to the Driver, and totally Quietly. The lack of any Engine and Transmission Noise is very strange at first.

🚘 Recall that a typical gasoline motor runs from 800 RPM to 3,500 RPM, that runs very hot, in combination with a 5-speed transmission and a Transaxle, that also becomes very hot as it consumes energy, a very inefficient method of changing the rotation of the drive-shaft, wasting about 40% of the gasoline engine’s power. What a waist of power and fuel.

🚘 Think about it, with a 400hp gasoline engine, 160hp is lost because of the inefficiencies of the transmission and the transaxle. Which means that only 240hp of power, of the 400ph gasoline engine, gets to the wheels. With Tesla’s electric engine 90% of the power gets directly to the rear wheels.

🚘 Tesla’s precocious car maker has Big ambitions. He originated PayPal 11-years ago making hundreds of $Millions. In top-spec $124,000 as-tested form, this 16ft 4in long, five-door battery-electric coupĂ© will not only out drag a $250,000 loaded Aston Martin, but Tesla carries two more passengers or twice as much stuff and, at 4,200 pounds, weighs not much more.

🚘 Stand on it, and the Aston will drain its 20 gallon tank of unleaded in about 250 miles, well within the realistic driving range of the 85kWh Tesla S range of 275 mile. What’s not to like about battery motoring? Not to mention that the Tesla Model-S, a luxury-sedan, goes from Zero to 60 MPH in 4.7 seconds.

🚘 The Tesla Model S electric sedan is Number One in Consumer Reports, in this year’s automotive rankings. Not only Tesla being in first place, but received the highest score ever recorded in its 18 year history of evaluating 260 vehicles.

🚘 The magazine cited the Model S’s sporty performance and technological innovations, including its 275 mile range. Consumer Reports acknowledged that the car is expensive and paid $89,650 for the Model S that the Magazine tested.

🚘 For less than a third of that price, the Toyota Prius hybrid got the nod as Consumer Reports’ top green car. The magazine also cited strong fuel economy in naming the Honda Accord as the top midsize car and the BMW328i as the best sports sedan.

🚘 The rankings, now in their 18th year, pick Consumer Reports’ favorites among the 260 vehicles its team has recently tested. The rankings are closely watched in the auto industry, since shoppers consistently cite Consumer Reports as a main source of car-buying advice.

🚘 Consumer Reports actually buys the test-vehicles anonymously, and performs more than 50 tests on each, including evaluations of braking, handling and comfort, among en elaborate array of tests and examinations. Consumer Reports’ testing team literally drives each vehicle for roughly 6,000 miles, in assessing the vehicle’s performance on the road in a wide variety of environments and road conditions.

🚘 Tesla Model S Ranks Best Overall Car for 2014 by Consumer Reports among 260 autos tested. Not only did Tesla Rank #1, Tesla scored a value of 99 the Highest Score ever Achieved in the Magazine’s 18 years of testing Cars.

🚘 Plus What’s Not to Like about Driving a Tesla Model-S Electric Car for 3Âą/mile when Gasoline Cars cost over 16Âą/mile, that’s over 500% more expensive.

🚘 Did I mention that Tesla has an iPhone App that will permit you to find the car with GPS that remains active even when the Car is parked and shut-down. The Tesla App will permit you to TURN-ON Tesla’s Air Conditioning system when the Car is parked and Locked.

🚘 With your Tesla, if you’re at a lunch meeting with car parked outdoors in the direct Sun in the summer time, you can use your iPhone Tesla App, Power-Up Tesla’s A/C System say 10 minutes before the end of your Luncheon, so that the Car is Cooled-down when you retrieve your Tesla from the parking lot. The App also permits you to Honk the Horn or Flash the Lights, to either scare away possible intruders, or as a visual or audio Tool so you can find your Car in Large Parking Lots2.

🚘 Steven Spielberg was recently spotted in Brentwood California driving the his Tesla Model S, an all electric automobile, while heading to a high powered Hollywood luncheon. Apparently, more and more celebrities find the Tesla an attractive vehicle and more importantly they love the fact that it is environmentally friendly.

🚘 It seems the famous 67 year-old screenwriter, producer, and business magnate left all the Porches and Maybachs and went for a Tesla model S. The Tesla is actually fits the famed director quite well as if we were to discuss the vehicle’s interior, we’ll come across a very science-fiction like cabin. The seats are cantilevered mounted onto a flat-floor, an uncluttered full-width floor space, making the Tesla S model’s interior quite unconventional.

🚘 Don’t know what TESLA is… In Physics Class we learned about the Tesla, but it wasn’t an unbelievable Electric Automobile. The video clip directly below is a demonstration of the Model-S getting a "battery-swap" at Service Centers to have this capability in 2015.

http://www.teslamotors.com/batteryswap

🚘 Don’t know what TESLA is… In Physics Class we learned about the Tesla Coil, a high-voltage frequency generator. The Tesla Coil is one of Nikola Tesla’s most famous invention in 1891.



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🔋🔋🔋 The State of Charge for US Electric Vehicles đŸ”‹đŸ”‹đŸ”‹

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🔋 TESLA SuperCharger Stations Deliver 350 Miles of Range Per Hour, RPH = 350, an acronym in the Electric Car Industry. Tesla Stations have 6 drive-in lanes for Tesla Cars, (Model S, Model X & Model 3). Each charger-lane delivers 120 kWh of Power: 400vDC at 300Amps, flowing directly into the car’s LiON battery. There’s no AC to DC conversion, as the Power is already DC. The Super-High-Power DC Electricity flows into Tesla’s LiOn battery. DC current-flow is regulated real-time by the Car’s internal computer system.

âžĄïž Tesla Cars use an internal onboard-charger to convert AC power to DC power, using TESLA’s Wall-Mounted Garage Charger. This setup connected to a standard 240vAC, 40A circuit, a Clothes DRYER Outlet. Tesla provides a “Dryer Plug” adapter with the Car, permitting you to plug directly into your standard Dryer outlet, a 9.6 kWh circuit. For Tesla’s home charger setups, 240vAC, 9.6 kWh Power is converted in the Car into DC power which “Flows” into the LiON Battery. TESLA’s onboard Computer continuously manages the DC Current-Flow, generally requiring 6-to-10 hours for an overnight “Fill-Up.”

âžĄïž Tesla Super-Charger Garage Charger setup for Tesla owners, require an electrician to create a separate 240vAC 80 Amp, 19.2 kWh hard-wired circuit. For this Wall-Mounted Super-Charger setup, 19.2 kWh of AC power is converted in the Car into DC power, which “Flows” into the LiON Battery. TESLA’s onboard Computer continuously manages the DC Current-Flow, generally requiring 3-to-5 hours for a rapid residential “Fill-Up.”

âžĄïž Tesla Drivers should be familiar with Charger-Types and Miles of Range for each ONE Hour of charging will be added into the Car’s Battery. Listed below are two currently available Residential Wall-Mounted Chargers: 1⃣ and 2⃣ are 240v AC chargers; followed by high-power DC chargers that are commercially available: 3⃣, 4⃣ and 5⃣ are 400v DC chargers. Recall, RPH refers to the number of Miles of Range that can be added into your Battery for each One Hour of charging, abbreviated as RPH = Range Per Hour. If time is important, these RPH values may be proportional. For example, if a Tesla Driver arrives at 5⃣ a TESLA SuperCharger Station and only has 30 minutes available for charging, then the Tesla Car would receive about 175 Miles of Range in 30 minutes.

1⃣ Tesla Home Garage Circuit, 9.6 kWh at 40 Amps AC, delivers 25 RPH
2⃣ Tesla Home Garage Circuit, 19.2 kWh at 80 Amps AC, delivers 50 RPH
3⃣ ChargePoint Express-100, 25 kWh at 62 Amps DC, delivers 100 RPH
4⃣ ChargePoint Express-200, 50 kWh at 125 Amps DC, delivers 200 RPH
5⃣ Tesla SuperCharger Station 120 kWh at 300 Amps DC, delivers 350 RPH

âžĄïž TESLA Cars can receive charging from a variety of station configurations, Public and Private, some are Free, some requiring a $Fee, available in two current types (AC or DC), delivering a range of power capacities

1⃣ Lower Power 240v AC at 9.6 kWh in Driver’s Garage & Public curb-side pylons
2⃣ Medium Power 240v AC at 19.2 kWh in Driver’s Garage & Public curb-side pylons
3⃣ High Power 400v DC at 25kWh, 50kWh, 120 kWh Charger Stations

âžĄïž Below is a summary of Stations and Chargers that Tesla Car Drivers should be familiar with.

1⃣ Residential Garage Set-ups with 40Amp or 80 Amp 240vAC circuits delivering moderate power of 9.6 kWh to 19.2 kWh delivering 25 RPH to 50 RPH charging rates
2⃣ Public Curb-Side Pylons chargers or Wall-Mounted chargers both provided by ChargePoint and other private retail stations with over 40,000 domestic locations
3⃣ Tesla SuperCharger Stations, delivering the highest Range Per Hour charging, with over 600 locations

âžĄïž Tesla Cars’ electronics package internally, permits selection of the Power-Type (AC or DC), and Power-Rating, as all Tesla Cars accepts a Charge from a number of power-types and sources, using the Tesla charging Plug and Cable or by using an Adapter. If a Tesla driver chooses to charge at a Public curb-side pylon charger, the driver would need either a J1772 adapter for AC Power or a CHAdeMO adapter for DC Power, both Power Adapters supplied by Tesla Motors for $600. Until Tesla has time to expand its network of SuperCharger Stations, it may be advisable to have both Power Adapters in the Trunk in the event you are driving in rural locations outside TESLA’s charger network.

Visit Tesla’s Charging Calculator, to change Energy cost (all samples displayed are set for $0.12/kWh or another parameter this is the Link, then scroll-Down to the Calculator.

https://www.teslamotors.com/models-charging#/calculator


🔋 Tesla’s Model-3 REVEAL Show was presented by ELON MUSK on March 31st at 9pm PDT, two weeks ago. The Model-3 is redefining what an affordable, $35,000 Electric Car looks and drives. Within just ONE week, Tesla received over 325,000 Reservation Deposits for the Model-3, everyone knowing the Model-3 will not begin to emerge from the Production Line until “…Late 2017…” According to Elon Musk during his presentation.

🔋 Five Video Clips have been selected to give you the story in the best venue possible. As the ancient proverb goes: “…a Picture is worth a thousand words…,” then these Videos represent an entire Textbook. If you were to only watch a clip or two, select the select #1 and #4. The item #5 is Elon Musk’s presentation. Once you visualize #1 clip, you will be motivated to see all of them.

🚘 1. Front Seat Camera – Model-3 Test Drive: http://youtu.be/TiWOKBMTDvc
🚘 2. Front Seat Camera – Model-3 Test Drive: https://youtu.be/16SWVS56aZU
🚘 3. Rear Seat Camera – Model-3 Test Drive: http://youtu.be/yTRL5u57ukE
🚘 4. Hidden Features of – Model-3 Test Drive: http://youtu.be/Qr2FaDh-Hlg
🚘 5. Stage Center Show – Model-3 REVEAL: http://youtu.be/dmKvuRw4up4


🔋 Tesla SuperCharger Stations employs high-Voltage (400v), high-Amperage (300 Amp), resulting in high-Power (120kWh), Super Fast charging. These dedicated Charging Stations deliver a strong 120 kWh DC Charge, directly into the Tesla LiON Battery. The SuperCharger Stations bypass the usual AC to CD conversion found in other Public Charging Pylons.

🔋 Public Curb-Side ChargePoint Chargers, for example, Level-2 chargers, 240v 30 Amp AC (6.6 kWh Power) is delivered into the EV Car’s charging-port. AC-to-DC conversion occurs within the EV Car’s internal system, as with Home “Dryer Plug” setups. Level-1 chargers deliver 120vAC into the EV Cars. ChargePoint Charger Pylons with their SAE-J1772 Plug accommodate Chrysler, GM, Ford, Toyota, Honda, Nissan, and Tesla EV Cars.

🔋 As displayed on the Green Charging Profile Graph, with Tesla Super-Charger Stations, an 80% charge-level (170 miles of Range) can be added to the Battery in only 30 minutes, or 100 Miles of Range can be added to the Battery in about 20 minutes.

🔋 As the Tesla LiON Battery nears the 80% charge-level, TESLA’s onboard Computer controls the charging rate, by gradually reducing the current-flow into the LiON Battery to a low-optimum-level charging cycle.

(A) Complete remaining 20% charge process
(B) Top-off the LiON Cells in low-power mode
(C) LiON Battery receives gentile charging process
(D) Permits a slow charge for remaining 20%
(E) Cool-Down Period for 30 minutes while charging
(F) LiON Battery has been receiving 120 kWh charging-power causing temperature increase of the battery
(G) TESLA’s onboard Computer activates the battery’s Fluid-Circulation System
(H) Fluid-Circulation System controls internal temperature of LiON Cell Array which contains over 7,100 LiON Cells, each slightly larger than an standard AA Battery
(J) Heat-Exchanger (an air-over Radiator) circulates Fluid from the LiON Battery, to the front of the EV Car’s “Radiator” then circulates back to the Battery in a sealed system, removing any excess heat from LiON battery.

🔋 Charging a LiON Battery is like Filling a Glass with Carbonated Soda without it Fizzing over. Fill the glass of Soda to 80% full; then allow the fizzing to settle, thereafter reduce Soda-flow, steadily preventing bubble-over, and overfill. In LiON battery terms, this is similar to reducing the current-flow (limiting the kWh level) in order to balance cell-voltage and cell temperature, ultimately tapering down to a trickle as it nears 100% full.

🔋 The Tesla EV Charging-Profile recommends charging the Tesla LiON battery to 80% to save time, which typically adds enough Mile-Range (170 miles) to reach the next Supercharger station on your journey, or to arrive at your garage (charger). SuperCharging requires 30-40 minutes to achieve an 80% charge level. Charging the final 20% requires another 30 minutes to achieve a Full 100% Charge. Most folks may not desire to “hang-out” at the Charging Station for 60-70 minutes. Tesla attempts to Build its Super-Charger Stations near Malls or Coffee Shops to accommodate Tesla drivers, while they wait for the charging to complete.

🔋 Using the Tesla Supercharger is as easy as using your Garage’s Wall Connector. Simply plug the cable into the Car’s port, walk away, open your Tesla iPhone App, and in approximately 30 minutes, check your Tesla Car’s LCD Control for the charge Level attained.

🔋 Tesla Motors Software Engineers created a very useful iPhone APP (available Free at the App Store) to view your Tesla Car’s Charging Progress remotely, if you are walking around the Mall or having Coffee or Lunch near the Station. The Tesla Car 17″ LCD display monitors your Model-S charging progress; but the Car also transmits the charging status securely with WiFi to your iPhone, transmitting the Charge-Level that the Station added enough (or not) Range in Miles, to get to your Destination, or if you’re on a Trip, the next Charging station.

🔋 Tesla’s iPhone APP is a very convenient connection to your Tesla Car. When launched your iPhone becomes a Remote Control and Status Monitor of your Tesla Car, from anywhere 20 feet to 2000 miles from your Car. This may be used for Checking on your Charging-Progress when you’re “plugged-in” to a Charger Station and a variety of purposes as listed below. This iPhone APP connects to your Tesla Car using the Internet.

🔋 Every Tesla Electric Car has its own separate Internet Connection. This connectivity used routinely by (A) TESLA’s APP to communicate your Car’s information and for you to send commands like “Flash the Head-Lights” and (B) Tesla Motors Engineers to DownLoad new Software updates for the TESLA Car’s Operating System when they become available. For example, software version 7.1 enabled a new ‘Summon’ feature that lets drivers Park or Retrieve their cars using AutoPilot, with no Driver inside the Car. Tesla can automatically update your Car’s software at night when you are resting. This Internet connectivity is the connection that the iPhone App logs into to accomplish the items listed below.

✔ Verify your Car’s Charging Progress from anywhere
✔ Cool your Car while you are finishing a Lunch meeting, so it’s Cool before driving (or Heated), if it’s parked at Street Curb or if its Parked in a Garage
✔ Locate your Car with detailed directions
✔ Track your Car on a Map as its being Driven by others
✔ Flash the Car’s Headlights or Honk the Horn, to help you Locate your Car when Parked in a crowded Lot
✔ Vent the Car or Close the its Panoramic roof
✔ Lock or unlock your Car from anywhere
✔ For More information visit: http://www.TeslaMotors.com

🔋 All Model-S, Model-X and Model-3 delivered after July, 2015 includes the Super-Charging electronics package, as “Standard” equipment. Prior to this date the SuperCharger package was a $2500 option. This internal circuitry delivers 80A @ 240vAC from your Garage power Box, into the Car; The Tesla’s internal SuperCharger package converts this AC power to 400vDC for delivery into the LiON battery.

🔋 Tesla SuperCharger Stations vs. Tesla Car’s internal Super-Charger. For clarity, Tesla has installed over 600 Super-Charger Stations for use by Tesla drivers. These stations are the most powerful (120 kWh) and the quickest method to “Fill” the LiON Battery with Power. The AC to DC conversion occurs at the Charger’s Pylon. For Residential, Office, and Destination “Super-Charger” installations, the 80A at 240vAC, or 19.2 kWh of AC power, is delivered into the Vehicle. With these Chargers 240v AC is delivered into the Cars charging port. The AC to DC conversion occurs inside the Tesla Car’s Super-Charger electronics package housed internally.

🔋 SuperCharging takes advantage of the unique Tesla LiON Battery Architecture that makes Model-S P90D for example, the quickest sedan in the world, accelerating from 0-to-60 mph in 2.8 seconds. This acceleration requires a Strong Power-Draw from the Car’s LiON battery, powering the front and rear electric Motors. The connections, cell chemistry, and the battery cooling system, are all engineered to “move massive levels of power” from the battery to the front and rear electric motors, during Hard Accelerations and for Up-Hill driving.

🔋 Driving causes Battery Discharging. Charging uses the Car’s power-systems to move electric energy quickly into the Battery. When Driving power moves from LiON battery to energize the Tesla Car motors and other systems such as AirConditioning and Lighting. Super-Charging utilizes the car’s LiON capacity to flow a similar amount of power back into the battery through the dedicated high voltage cables. The car’s onboard computer constantly monitors the battery during both driving and charging to ensure that Tesla EV Car performs at peak levels.

🔋 Tesla SuperCharger Station are capable of charging at 120 kWh of Power. Presently no other commercially available EV charging stations offer this high-power charging level. Tesla SuperChargers, the charge received, equates to adding 170 miles of Range to the Battery achieved in just 30 minutes at the station. Public charging stations provide 6.6 kWh and 18 kWh, known as Level-2 stations, offering significantly lower charging rates, as compared to Tesla’a 120 kWh chargers. Additionally, there is another system called “DC Fast” which charges at 44 kWh using the CHAdeMO Plug. Tesla Cars may connect to these other systems using the SAE-J1772 Adapter or the CHAdeMO Adaptor, that Tesla offers to Model-S drivers for a total $600 cost for both adapters.

🔋 ChargePoint Public Charging Stations. ChargePoint branded charging stations is the Nations largest network for EV Car charging. Five years ago ChargePoint received Private Funding and Federal/State Grants to help create their Nationwide Electric Charging Infrastructure. Presently ChargePoint services the 600,000 Nissan Leaf EVs, Chevy Volts & Bolts, VWs, and BMWs on the Road.

🔋 Public Charging Stations – ChargePoint’s over 27,000 Public Charger Pylons are available Nationwide. They Charge at a Rating of Level-2, which Charges at 6.6 kWh Power Capacity, each using the SAE-J1772 Receptacle, used by most or all of the (non-Tesla) EVs commercially available in the US.

🔋 ChargePoint Express offers two high-power Chargers commercially available. ChargePoint Express 100 is a 24kW output, wall-mounted stations that charges at a rate of up to 100 RPH (miles of Range Per Hour), and ChargePoint Express 200 is a 50kW output (Bollard) Pylon-Pole stations that charges at a rate of up to 200 RPH (miles of Range Per Hour).

🔋 The Express 200 Chargers have dual cable-connectors, to serve two clients simultaneously, where station owners can attract and serve all EVs with faster charging capabilities. As Electric propulsion Cars become mainstream, more chargers with faster charging capabilities will emerge to the benefit of all drivers. In a few years, the electric car driver will have almost as many “Filler-Up” Electric stations as Gas stations.

🔋 ChargePoint has created an iPhone APP to help precisely Locate all of their Charging Locations in the US, and displays whether the station is “Free Power” (or not) showing the Cost-per-Hour ranging from Free, to $3/hour or $5/hour; ChargePoint provides a loyalty card that you may Load with your Funds securely on-line. Some of the Pylons will accept a variety of Credit Cards and NFC payment methods.

🔋 The ChargePoint App is very easy to use. With the iPhone’s touch-screen you can pinch-zoom, in or out, to display a street-resolution showing exactly where the ChargePoint Pylon is located within several feet. The Map displays the site location with a Green Arrow showing you exactly where the Station is located, and pin-points Your Location using the iPhone’s GPS, showing the Miles needed to get to these stations in your area.

🔋 If the Stations are “available” the station-icon is a Green Circle, if one or more of the Pylons are available or occupied otherwise the Circle is All or Partially Gray if stations are occupied. Very intuitive with ⭐ Ratings and remarks regarding the Station Manager’s helpfulness if they are owned by a Car dealer or a Retail Store, for example. Otherwise many of the ChargePoint Pylon locations may be installed Street-Side or in Garages with no attendant.

🔋 ChargePoint Stations charge at Level-2 Rated 6.6 kWh Power capacity. Level-2 Charging Stations deliver about 10 Miles of Range for each ONE hour of charging. This represents only 5.88% of the Charging-Rate that Tesla SuperCharger 120 kWh Power Stations deliver, at NO cost to Tesla Drivers. Tesla SuperCharger Stations deliver 170 Mile Range in 30 Minutes.

🔋 Incidentally, TESLA created an Adapter for your Tesla Car, a SAE-J1772 adapter for $95 cost, to permit you to Charge your Tesla Car at any of ChargePoint’s 27,000 Pylons, if you are in need of a slow-charge. Adding 10 miles of Range/Hour, is better than not getting charged if you’re in need. This adapter is easy to connect to ChargePoint’s Power Cord Plug, with the other end of the Adapter fitted to your Tesla Car’s Charging Receptacle. Each end of the SAE-J1772 Adapter are visibly quite different, so you cannot make a mistake when attaching this adapter.

🔋 Now we know why TESLA named its 120 kWh Charging Stations, SuperCharger Stations. Tesla said it will have over 7,000 Tesla SuperCharger stations and 15,000 Destination Chargers by the time the Model-3 begins to roll-off the Production line (by 12/2017). Presently, in the US, Europe, and Asia Tesla has created its own infrastructure (at no charging cost to Tesla Drivers) of 613 SuperCharger Stations housing 3,628 Charger Pylons in these Stations, an average of 6 Charging Lanes per Station.

🔋 In Sum, there are many factors that affect actual Charge Rate performance, regarding the LiON Battery’s condition including

(A) Exterior ambient temperature of the surroundings (Summer or Winter)
(B) Battery internal temperature
(C) Battery Attrition, after 100k miles driven, capacity reduces to 92% of new
(D) Electric Utility power-grid restrictions
(E) Charging Traffic in your Vicinity, brown-outs, plus other factors
(F) Tesla and ChargePoint are constantly incorporating owner-feedback into its maintenance, research, and development efforts to improve Drivers’ Charging experience.

🔋 TESLA SuperCharger Stations are currently the most powerful charging stations delivering 120 kWh of DC energy into Tesla Cars using their own proprietary Plug and Cable. Applying this energy factor, Tesla SuperCharger Stations deliver 350 RPH (350 miles of range for a One Hour of charging). Presently Tesla Stations charge their Car Batteries at Full Charger Power until the battery reaches 80%, then the Car’s onBoard Computer reduces the charging-rate for the remaining 20% until a Full Charge is achieved.

🔋 Today, TESLA’s largest Battery is 90 kWh capacity, with an EPA rated range of 255 Milage Range on the Model S with 4-Wheel Drive, Front & Rear Motors. Since Tesla SuperCharger stations, charges at a 350 RPH, once the battery reaches 205 miles of range, with the 90 kWh battery, the Car’s computer system reduces the charging-rate. Therefore if you arrived at the SuperCharger with 35 Miles remaining in the LiON battery, then within 30 minutes you’d add 170 miles of range, bringing your total range to 205 miles. Beyond 205 Miles of Range, the charging-rate reduces as the Battery will be at 80% of Full.

🔋 TESLA’s SuperCharger Stations have a greater charging capacity than TESLA’s largest LiON Battery currently. When Tesla batteries in the future have an EPA rated 440 Mile Range, then their SuperCharger stations will be able to add 350 Miles of range with a One Hour charge. Note, 350/440 equals 80%. At 80% of Full, is the point at which the Tesla Car will begin limiting the charging-rate for the 20% balance, to reach Fully Charged.

🔋 Tesla Model-S with 85 kWh Battery achieved 400 Range on a Single Charge. Note the EPA states, the Model S with 85 kWh LiON battery, 2-Wheel Rear Drive Motor, the City/Highway milage is 88 eMPG City, 90 eMPG Highway, with an EPA rated Range of 265 Miles. The Driver was able to drive 400.1 miles on relatively flat rural Florida roads, on a cool day, with very few stops. TESLA’s Dash Board was photographed showing the milage. We’ve added an expanded “bubble” shown in larger type, the milage seen in Green Car Reports’ article. Owner, David Metcaff continued to drive another 18 miles before the battery was “empty” for a total range of 423 Miles. To read the entire article in Green Car Reports visit: http://goo.gl/c27dJq

🔋 TESLA studying the state of the EV industry, designed their own Proprietary Charging Plug & Socket for their New TESLA Electric Cars, for the convenience of their Drivers; After visualizing the Huge CHAdeMO Plug, Tesla new that following this industrial consortium was “not in the cards.” Apparently Tokyo Electric Company had too much influence on the Consortium of Nissan, Chevrolet, VW, and BMW, in 2010 when designing and agreed to the CHAdeMO Plug & Socket.

🔋 CHAdeMO Plug & Socket designed to Energize EV Cars using DC Current, by a Consortium of EV Car Manufacturers and the Tokyo Power Company resulted in a Relatively Huge arrangement. Look at the size of the CHAdeMO “nozzle” compared to the service attendant’s hand.

🔋 How did the CHAdoMO Plug, Socket, and Cable standards emerge for the Electric Car industry? Consumer’s demand for rapid battery charging of their EV Cars, was accommodated by the power companies and the automotive industries establishing agreed upon “Standards” (circa 2010).

🔋 CHAdeMO was formed by Nissan, Mitsubishi, Subaru, Toyota, and Tokyo Electric Power Company, by forming a consortium to standardize the DC connector Plug and Socket for the quick charging of Electric Vehicles (EV). Most electric vehicles (EVs) have an on-board charger that uses a rectifier-circuit to transform AC electricity into DC (direct current) suitable for recharging EV’s LiON batteries.

🔋 CHAdeMO standards established the power-level and type of current. The consortium agreed that the “standard” for the High-Voltage parameter would be DC, direct current of up to 500vDC, and High-Current limit of 125 Amps. Additionally the CHAdeMO direct current, DC PLUG and SOCKET would be the connectors, for all “fast charging” DC Fueling Stations, and Sockets would be universally employed by all the EV automobile manufacturers. Without these standards in place there would be chaos between EV car manufactures and companies manufacturing the High-Power Chargers for fueling stations.

🔋 Look at the Massive size of the CHAdeMO plug; my guess is the Tokyo Power Company had an undue influence on the group, as they agreed to the standards 6 years ago.

🔋 Cost and Thermal issues limit the power levels the rectifier-circuit can handle inside the vehicle. Therefore for power requirements over 240vAC at 80 Amps (19.2 kWh), external charging station are more efficient delivering DC power directly into the vehicle’s LiON battery. Combine these factors with the EV industry’s desire to “Refill EV Cars quickly…” High-Power DC fueling stations are the future of Electric Vehicle’s adoption by the masses.

🔋🛱🔋 The Magic Inside TESLA Model-S Powerful LiON Battery 🔋🛱🔋

🔋 Introduction to TESLA’s Model-S, for those unfamiliar with TESLA’s Electric Propulsion Cars. For those who can afford $85,000+ Luxury Car, or for the many a $35,000 Model-3. 2016 is a game changer for Tesla, offering what a traditional combustion-engine luxury sedans do, without the harmful Emissions and Likely Expensive Gasoline Fill’Ups.

🔋 EPA has determined, Tesla Electric Cars earn a Milage Rating of 88eMPG City : 90eMPG Highway. eMPG is the petroleum-fuel-equivalency, for rating Electric Powered Cars. The 3 TESLA’s Electric Propulsion Cars, the Model-S, Model-X, and the new Model-3, Cost Lower than 5Âą per Mile Driven for all Tesla Electric Cars, see EPA Chart below).

🔋 Fuel Cost for TESLA’s Electric Propulsion Cars. Today’s Cost of Electricity averages 13Âą per Kilowatt Hour, Nationally. The Cost to operate TESLA’s Electric Cars at 13Âą/kWh is on average $725 for 15,000 miles driven (see EPA chart below), which equals 5Âą per Mile Driven for Tesla LiON Electric Propulsion Cars (with No exhaust fumes containing CO₂, CO, and No Noxious Gasses and Soot discharged into our atmosphere).

🛱 Fuel Cost for Gasoline Powered Cars with 420hp Engines consumes on average 24MPG, miles per gallon. Therefor, for each 15,000 miles driven, 625 Gallons of gasoline are consumed (with Exhaust Fumes containing CO₂, CO, Noxious Gasses, and Soot that are discharged into the atmosphere). If current gasoline prices are $2.25 per gallon, then the Cost to drive 15,000 miles is $1,406 or 9.37± per Mile Driven with Gasoline Engine Powered Cars.

🛱 Several Years ago Gasoline prices were over $4.25 per Gallon; We may likely experience similar increased Gasoline prices again in a few years. Therefor, for the same 15,000 miles driven, and the same 625 Gallons of Gas purchased (for 24mpg Cars) the Gasoline Cost would increase to $2,656 (at $4.25/Gallon of Gasoline). This equates to 17.7± per Mile Driven. Notice the examples for three prices of Gasoline followed by three prices of Electricity and their respective Driving Costs/Mile.

🛱 Gasoline Powered Cars: 24mpg Engines: Cost for Mile Driven

🛱 $2.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 9.37± / Mile Driven
🛱 $3.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 13.5± / Mile Driven
🛱 $4.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 17.7± / Mile Driven
🛱 $5.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 21.9± / Mile Driven

🔋 TESLA Electric Propulsion Cars: 85kWh LiON Battery: Cost / Mile Driven

🔋 TESLA Electric Powered Cars: Electricity Cost 11± / kWh: 4.09± / Mile Driven 🔋 TESLA Electric Powered Cars: Electricity Cost 13± / kWh: 4.83± / Mile Driven 🔋 TESLA Electric Powered Cars: Electricity Cost 15± / kWh: 5.58± / Mile Driven

🛱 Gasoline price fluctuations, do not directly relate to the current 13Âą/kWh Electrical Power Costs to the Public. A significant portion of Nation’s Electrical Power Generation is fueled by four main sources other than the thousands of Petroleum (Oil or Diesel) Fueled Power Plants, plus a number of Geo Thermal, Wind and Solar Powered Plants, according to current EPA statistics:

(A) 99 Nuclear Power Reactors in 30 States
(B) 557 Coal Powered Electric Power Plants
(C) 7,304 Natural Gas Powered Electric Plants, plus
(D) 2,540 HydroElectric Powered Dams in the USA.

🔋🛱🔋 Model-S came to fruition in 2012, it being the first attractive, modern, powerful, all-electric propulsion, 4 door, 5 passenger Sedan. All Model-S sedans have the same body as one would expect in a seat five passenger car. Cargo space is available under the front hood (which Tesla calls a “frunk,” a wordsmith for “front trunk”).

🔋🛱🔋 TESLA in October 2014 the upgraded Model-S P85D, (D for dual-motors) was introduced. The upgraded Model-S versions feature two electric motors, the primary motor powers the rear-wheels as in all prior versions, and a second electric motor powers the front wheels, coordinated by computer control. Model-S dual-motor versions available for the basic 85 kWh, and now the 90kWh versions.

🔋🛱🔋 TESLA introduced the Model S 70D as its new $75,000 entry-level car in April 8, 2015, with all-wheel drive and an improved range of 240 miles (MPC miles per charge). The 85D, an AWD car with greater range, and the P85D, the high-power rear drive unit is retained, while a new front drive motor boosts the total power by about 50%.

🔋🛱🔋 Four-Wheel Drive electric propulsion results in a significant increase in acceleration and top speed. The 85 kWh version is $86,070, while the P85D is $105,670. Deliveries of the P85D started in December 2014, with the 85D models starting in February 2015, and the 70D models starting in April 2015.

🔋🛱🔋 TESLA’s Cars, with a 0-to-60-mph accelerating time ranging from under 6 seconds for the Model-3, and for the Model-S, 0-to-60-mph ranges from 4.4 seconds to 2.8 seconds, these TESLA Models are Winning over the most skeptical folks, there are over 80,000 Tesla electric Cars presently on the road, plus 325,000+ reservations for their new Model-3, to commence Production in “Late 2017” according to TESLA.

🔋🛱🔋 Elon Musk may be considered the 21st Century’s “combination” of Thomas Edison and Henry Ford. In 2016 Tesla Model-3, Model-S, and Model-X electric-performance sedans, Musk has created not only a viable alternative to the traditional combustion-engine Cars, but a Line of Vehicles that have Captured the Public’s imagination. With their sleek design, impressive range, and varied performance upgrade packages, these three Models should “scare the heck out of OPEC.”

🔋🛱🔋 Tesla has also taken the Bold Steps of building its own Tesla Charger Station Infrastructure, Nationally and Globally. Tesla is Installing a network of “Supercharger” charging stations ($350k each) at strategic locations across the country. TESLA’s performance abilities dwarf some supercars and at prices well in line with most mid-size and full-size luxury sedans, arguments support owning any of TESLA’s three Models.

🔋🛱🔋 Currently Tesla has 613 Supercharger Stations with 3,628 Superchargers (an average of 6 per charging station) in operation as of 2016, plus thousands of Destination Chargers, Tesla Chargers that are installed on private Resorts, Hotels, and Shopping Centers, to accommodate their guests and shoppers.

🔋🛱🔋 TESLA’s Model-S luxury 4-Door Sedan contains a 85 kWh battery-pack weighing 1,200 pounds, containing 7,104 lithium-ion (LiON) battery cells, housed in 16 modules

🔋🛱🔋 (âžĄïž) 85 kWh Battery Contains an Array of 7,104 LiON Cells, divided into 16 Modules
(A) 16 Modules (with 444 LiON Cells each) wired in Series
(B) 1 Module contains 6 Groups, wired in Series
(C) 1 Group contains 74 cells, wired in Parallel
(D) 85kWh Battery has 7,104 LiON Cells = (16x6x74)
(E) 1 Module Delivers 25vDC @ 212.5 Amps
(F) 16 Modules Deliver 400vDC @ 212.5 Amps
(G) LiON Battery Power: 400v X 212.5A = 85kWh
(H) Commencing June 2012, the 85kWh battery pack is modified with Panasonic LiON cells using Nickel-Cobalt-Aluminum Cathodes.

🔋🛱🔋 Physical size for each LiON cell complies with “18650” industry standard size (Cell Cylinder size = 18 mm diameter, by 65 mm high), similar to the Panasonic NCR18650B Cell with an energy density of 265 Wh/kg.

🔋🛱🔋 LiON Battery Cost is estimated to be 20% of Model-S car cost. The LiON battery Warranty is 8-Years, with unlimited milage. The separate Battery Replacement guarantee takes effect after 8-year Warranty, at a cost of $12,000 for 85 kWh battery. List price for a Replacement Battery is $44,000 without guarantee.

🔋🛱🔋 TESLA’s 85 kWh Battery’s Warranty is 8-years with unlimited milage. A survey of Model-S owners indicate the accumulated battery-loss is about 5% for the first 30,000 miles, thereafter capacity attrition is 1% for next 30,000 miles, and Down 1% for each additional 30,000 miles.

🔋🛱🔋 Tesla’s LiON Battery Capacity Attrition Rate is 92.5% for the first 100k Miles Driven: At the completion of the 2nd 100,000 miles driven, the LiON battery capacity reduces by another 3.5% for a Total Attrition of 89% Capacity after 200,000 miles are driven as compared to the LiON Battery’s initial charge-capacity. TESLA’s “battery guarantee” does not specify any excessive-battery-capacity-attrition limitation.

🔋🛱🔋 Battery Attrition in Perspective. The typical Driver travels about 12,000 miles to 15,000 miles per Year. Therefor to Drive 100,000 miles it would take the average driver from 6.6 years to 8.3 years, for an overall average of 13,500 miles driven per Year. This equals 7.4 years for the average driver to reach 100,000 Miles driven. This math is likely how TESLA arrived at its Tesla 8-Year Warranty for the Battery and Drive-Chain and there is no milage limitation for the 8 year Warranty Period.

🔋🛱🔋 Model-S LiON Battery as of July 2015, has been increased to a capacity of 90 kWh, replacing the 85 kWh battery. The 90 kWh battery represents a 6% Energy Increase due to “improved cell chemistry” plus the introduction of Silicon into the Graphite cell’s Anode.

🔋🛱🔋 Battery Capacity – Tesla anticipates an improvement in Battery Capacity of 5% per Year, for future LiON Batteries, because of improvements in the LiON’s chemistry and Anode/Cathode metals employed. Tesla also noted the P90D LiOn Battery for the Model-S has its main battery conductor protected by a Main Fuse rated at an astounding 1,500 Amps @ 600 VDC.

🔋🛱🔋 Examination of the Lion Battery. As noted, there are 7,104 individual LiOn battery Cells contained in the overall Battery Array. When disassembling the 85kWh battery, the container is totally sealed with adhesives and bolts.

🔋🛱🔋 LiON Battery, contains a “Fluid Circulation System” used internally inside the overall Battery Case. Each Module container of 444 LiON cells, are submerged and sealed with a “non-conductive” Fluid, identified as Ethylene Glycol a major component of automotive “AntiFreeze.”

🔋🛱🔋 The Purposes of the Fluid-Circulation-System is to (1) Maintain a relatively Consistent Temperature inside each of the Modules containing 444 LiON Cells. (2) The Fluid-System is also linked to a Heat Exchanger System (“radiator panels”) is center-mounted at the Lower-Front of the Car’s grill. In the event the temperature of the 16 LiON Modules exceed nominal levels, the Fluid-System permits circulation to the Front Mounted Radiator Panels, otherwise the heat-conductive Fluid circulates among the 16 Modules.

🔋🛱🔋 LiON Cell Environmental Ambient-Temperature Maintenance is important when the Car LiON Battery is being (1) Charged, particularly with a Super-Charger Station, or (2) when the LiON Battery experiences Heavy Power draws during high rates of Acceleration, “Peddle to the Metal situations.”

🔋🛱🔋 LiON Cellular Safety Disconnects. Notice the very thin electrical wire connections from the Top of each of the 7,104 LiON cells to the Module’s conductor electrical structure (identified with a White Arrow). Apparently the gauge of this Wire and the Wire’s-material, serves as a “Power Limiting Fuse” carefully engineered to “breakup” or “burn through” when any individual LiON Cell experiences an overload when being Charged or Discharged as it delivers Power from the Array to the Motor-Drives or the Charger-Circuit. Think of this as 7,104 individual “Fuses” protecting each of the 16 Modules, from an Over-Load due to the “Failure” of any single LiON cell.

🔋🛱🔋 LiOn Module Controller. Consider this, in the event 1 LiON cell Over-Heats and Shorts internally, it’s wire-fuse “burns-outs”, removing itself from the Module’s Array. There is an onboard Computer-Control Circuit Board connected to and Monitoring each of the 16 Modules, that’s housing 444 LiON cells contained in each Module. These 16 Computer-Controllers independently monitors the 444 Cell modules collectively, as to Power Usage, Charging Rate, Power Capacity, Voltage, Voltage Drop, and Internal Ambient Temperature. If any of these measurements become “Out-of-Normal” Range, a visual Alarm is delivered to the Car’s master Computer, issuing a Dash Board Warning, and recording the condition[s], time, and date into the Car’s internal Service Log, for the Service Technicians to assess.

🔋🛱🔋 One LiON Cell Fails. In the Event ONE (or More) of the Module’s 444 LiON cells removes itself from the Module’s Array, the Module would have 443 active LiOn cells remaining, then the Module is operating at 99.77% of rated capacity. The Math (443/444)x100. Also the power-rating of the entire LinOn Battery Array of 16 Modules, would also be reduced from 7104 cells to 7103 active cells, resulting in a Power reduction to 99.986% of Battery’s Overall rated capacity, an almost immeasurable difference. There are no publicly available records found as to how many LiOn individual Cells become “Fused Out” of the Battery over time, or during the Warranty period. Precision manufacturing and quality control issues are important factors to be aware of for future Battery Engineering.

🚘 TESLA Model-3 Reservations Surpassed 325,000 Cars in One Week – $14 Billion in Production, Starting “Late 2017” in 20 Months

🚘 Tesla announced Thursday that it has now surpassed 325,000 Reservations with Deposits of $1,000/Car (an increase of +49,000 Cars from Tesla’s Elon Musk’s Tweet just 4 Days ago).

🚘 TESLA had its Model-3 REVEAL to an enthusiastic crowd, on location and Live-Streamed to Millions on-line, the unveiling of the Model 3 late Thursday, March 31st at 11pm. Yes, truly only 7 days ago.

🚘 Tesla successfully caused 325,000 enthusiastic people to Reserve the Model-3 Car with refundable $1000 deposits. Wonderful, but
(A) Reservations should be converted into Contracts 90 days prior to delivery
(B) Average Price of Model-3 Estimate with options is $43,000
(C) Tesla should collect “at risk” deposits 90 days prior to Delivery
(D) Will Tesla Deliver & Closes Model-3 Car in reasonable time-frame
(E) Tesla says: “…it will generate [in 20 months, (12/2017) Enough Revenues [about $14 Billion] to make [the Model 3] the Biggest one-week Launch of any Product, ever.” This statement is questionable, however
(F) Strong Signals will emerge in 2 years, as Model-3 Cars roll off its Production-Line regarding
(1) Gross-margins and
(2) Production-Rates… But, there are many “assumptions” some of which may not come to fruition
(a) It’s very unlikely that 100% of the Reservations will emerge as deliveries, because of these issues
(b) When will Tesla require “at risk” deposits on the Model-3 Cars ordered
(c) Will the Model-3 actually be delivered at $35,000 promised
(d) How long will it take Tesla to Deliver the first 100,000 Reservations
(e) The Time Tesla consumes to Deliver the FIRST 100,000 Cars will give the remaining 235,000 Reservations reason to “Hang in there…” or Cancel.

🚘 Elon Musk says in another portion of today’s Tweet, going out to his 3.7 Million Twitter Followers of which I’m one… revealed that only 5% of the Model-3 Reservations, reserved TWO Model-3 Cars, the Maximum Tesla Permitted. Musk also tweeted, this suggested "low levels of speculation," or most buyers not looking to flip the car for a profit. The Reservation Agreement states that it is “not transferable.” This Means the Speculators, if any, would have to literally Buy the Car or 2 Cars outright, and thereafter re-Sell it/both as “Pre-Owned Cars” to the third-party.

🚘 Apple is the only other Company that comes to mind with huge product launches. Last September, 2015 [7 months ago] Apple launched their new iPhone 6S. Apple actually Sold & Delivered over 13 Million iPhones in its opening 3-Day weekend. But, this is for iPhones at an average selling price [ASP] of $700/iPhone. However, there was no significant time delay [other than Long Lines] for Store pick-ups or Fed-Ex shipments. Multiply, 13 Million iPhone sales by $700 iPhone ASP, the result is $9 Billion of iPhones Sold, Delivered, with Cash in Apple’s Bank. Apple’s $9 Billion in Sales in their 3-Day Sales Event is Very Impressive !

🚘 1. Front Seat Camera – Model-3 Test Drive: http://youtu.be/TiWOKBMTDvc
🚘 2. Front Seat Camera – Model-3 Test Drive: https://youtu.be/16SWVS56aZU
🚘 3. Rear Seat Camera – Model-3 Test Drive: http://youtu.be/yTRL5u57ukE
🚘 4. Hidden Features of – Model-3 Test Drive: http://youtu.be/Qr2FaDh-Hlg
🚘 5. Stage Center – Model-3 REVEAL Show: http://youtu.be/dmKvuRw4up4

🚘 Model-3 Demonstration Test-Drives. The 4 Video Clips above have been chosen to show the Best Views of the Test Drives following the TESLA’s REVEAL Thursday, March 31st, late evening. Listen to the in-Car reactions as the Model-3 accelerates. For the first two video clips, front seat passengers recorded the video clips using their iPhones. The third video clip was captured by a rear-seat passenger, which gives an interesting perspective of the all-Glass roof, and the driving experience and the view of the 15″ LCD control panel. The 4th clip is a 23 minute Video captured by TESLA Motors, of ELON MUSK’s presentation and unveiling of their Model-3, a $35,000 affordable Car. The only glimpse of Options, “Under $5000 for All Wheel Drive. The Presentation ended at 9:50pm PDT, and these Model-3 sample drives were conducted immediately after the SHOW.

🚘 TESLA’s Leader Elon Musk Tweeted 4 Days ago, it had received by a factor of “Three-Times” the number of Reservations Musk had originally anticipated, ruffly about 60,000 Reservations. However, the actual number of Reservations is presently over Five-Times Elon Musk’s initial guesstimate. As previously reported in this article [see — Previously Reported — below] this level of Reservations albeit impressive, raises number of ISSUES about Tesla’s initial Production Plan, to meet this increasingly complex Production Goal, namely the likely massive plant expansion plan, capital requirements, building the supply-line to name a few.

🚘 Recall, Tesla actually delivered over 16,700 Model-S Cars in 2014, 25,200 Cars in 2015, and Tesla is on target and delivering 4,100 Model-S per month, over 50,000 Model-S Cars expected in 2016; see graphic above. Add to these impressive Model-S Production increases, Ramping-up Tesla’s Plant Production to 100,000 Model-S cars for 2017. Add to this, literally hundreds of thousands of Model-3 Cars… This is a Massive Production Issue, that Tesla is now facing, for 2018, 2019, and 2020. It’s an exciting Challenge indeed.

🚘 Model 3 Reservation to Contract Conversion Ratio – The number of Reservations that actually convert to Contracts with at-risk Deposits. Tesla stands to generate huge revenues [depending on how many Reservations convert to “at-risk” contracts, and what percentage fall away due to delivery Delays or Repricing of the Model-3 Car, once Cars are actually rolling off the Production-Line]. Recall, with the early days of the Model-S, deliveries were slower than anticipated and promised, and Pricing increased. Profitability remains an open question until actual Delivery Margins are determined.

🚘 Tesla says the number of preorders it has received in its 1st full Week, corresponds to $14 billion in Revenues in future Closed Sales. The Question remains, How Long will it take Tesla to deliver several hundred thousand Model-3 Cars. Tesla boasts that it was able to generate incredible level of Hype for the Model 3 without any dollars spent in Advertisements or "paid endorsements." The company has collected $325 million in cash, albeit refundable, for the Model 3 deposits paid. Fortunately for the more fickle, or the impatient folks that reserved a Car or two, the $1,000 deposits are refundable.

🚘 In the 4 decades that we’ve been reporting, We’ve never witnessed such a high number of reservations for any Automobile. For a very long time, the 12,000 orders written on the launch day of Citroen’s legendary DS in 1955, was considered as the “Sales Record-to-Beat.”

🚘 For the new Ford Fiesta, then the World’s Best Selling Cars, launched in 2011, the Ford Fiesta earned Headlines for receiving “6,000 reservations, and more than 100,000 folks with their hands-raised” signaling these folks “wanted one, months ahead of its actual Launch” as a Ford press release trumpeted then. Those with Hands-Raised did not have $1,000 deposits. By Year-End 2011, the Ford Fiesta sold over 780,000 Cars.

🚘 In perspective, the World’s best-selling electric vehicle, the Nissan Leaf, Sold a total 211,000 Leafs, globally since its launch in 2010, as Nissan spokesman Dion Corbett mentioned at the Tesla reveal.

🚘 TESLA Unveiled its New Model-3 Affordable 4-Door, 5-Passenger Electric Vehicle to a VERY Enthusiastic Crowd. The Model-3 Car is Likewise Very Exciting, earning over 276,000 Reservations, equating to $11.5 Billion in Production Value, as of End-of-Day Saturday. These figures were received Sunday from Elon Musk at 2:28pm by his Tweet.

🚘 Elon Musk mentioned Sunday… “We will have to Totally Rethink the Production Plan…” in light of the huge number of Reservations. Before the Model-3 was open to pre-orders, Musk was imagining 50-to-60,000 pre-orders, towards their target GOAL of 500,000 Model-3 Cars, with a MULTI-Year delivery plan. Without question, the Buying Public is very excited about TESLA, the brand and the success of the Model-S; Model-3 pre-orders have already consumed more than half of TESLA’s sales Goal. TESLA has an Exciting Problem.

🚘 Perspective on Production Rates – TESLA delivered a bit over 50,000 Model-S Cars this year, equating to roughly 4,100 Cars/Month, it’s recent production rate. Let’s say TESLA is able to Scale-UP its Production Plant for Model-3 Cars, to 6,000 Model-3 Cars/Month (1,500/Week or 200/Day), I’d rate this figure as Optimistic on my part.

🚘 Let’s try a Production Volume of 1,500/Week representing a 150% increase over the current TESLA production figures for the Model-S and X Cars. 1,500 Cars/Week is still TOO much to expect, but… When your Company just booked just under 300,000 Reservations for your “New Baby” in only a few Days, management Energy level is Super-Hot, like Solar.

🚘 Let’s go with 6k Model-3 Cars per month as a 1st year Production GOAL; That’s roughly 150% of TESLA’s current production rate of the Model-S; granted the Model-3 may be a somewhat less complex assembly than the Model-S, but …

🚘 How long will it take to construct the necessary Factory Expansion? How long will it take to Acquire, Install and Program the Robotic Machinery? and then there is the MONEY Part. Plant and Equipment are not cheep, particularly when you’re in a Hurry. Tick-Tock-Tick-Tock…

🚘 At a Production Rate of 1,500 Model-3 Cars/Week, assuming TESLA is capable of scaling up to this level, it may likely take TESLA a number years, for Tesla to deliver all the Model-3 Reservations… An exciting problem to have. TESLA has Logistics issues in ramping up Production, the facilities, robotics, tooling, and personnel, to meet the demand of 276,000 pre-orders, which may grow to 400,000 Reservations before a shovel goes in the Ground for the Plant Expansion.

🚘 The graphic above provides a glimpse of how well TESLA sales compare against other brands of Luxury Vehicles over a two year period, 2014 and 2015. TESLA reports that it’s 2016 Sales of their Model-S and Model-X vehicles will comfortably exceed 50,000 Electric Cars.

🚘 Let’s not forget the Financing issues with Plant Expansion, Tooling, Robotics, Infrastructure, combined with the Dollars needed to increase the Plant Facilities, and Purchasing the Raw Materials for its custom components, the 8000 unique parts Supply-Line to Fabricate the Model-3 Cars.

🚘 I’ve been inside the finance industry as Director, Vice Chairman of the Board, CEO of several financial institutions. Sadly: When a Client is in a really Big Hurry with an Exciting Project, the Bankers are inversely proportional as to their Enthusiasm, and seem to move as slow as molasses in January. When you have your Luncheons & Dinner meetings, they seem sooo slooow… With such profound needs, “we don’t really want to Eat…” and then, they’ll get back to you with Q&A in a week or soooo… when we Need the Dollar Commitments in Days not Months… I’m getting a really big headache just thinking about all of this. ELON MUSK, I feel your Pain.

🚘 The Parochial Automotive Industry would love to have these issues. Aside from logistics, which is a huge undertaking, Financing becomes the FIRST major issue… $Billions, Lots of $Billions. Without huge levels of Fresh Capital in Hand, none of this begins. Without Question, Tesla will get the Funding Requirements they need, once they Qualify a Pool of the Reservations. Elon Musk and his Team are not sleeping much these days… Tick, tock, tick, tock… no time to waist.

🚘 OK, Let’s get Realistic. Elon Musk and his team thought they’d may have 60,000+ Reservations, and they’d add onto their existing facilities, department by department, expand here, expand there, move this, move that… Isn’t that nice… BUT

🚘 With the 300,000+ Reservations for M-3 Cars in only a few DAYS, a number FIVE TIMES more than anyone on the Team imagined, much less planned for. That’s the Key, no planning for this Huge figure. So Everything changes. That beautifully bound M-3 Production Plan is Totally obsolete.

🚘 TESLA’s Model-3 Production Plan needs to be totally rethought, so says Elon Musk by his Tweet, that’s a challenge. Tesla figuratively speaking has to “Build another FACTORY but BIGGER” than most of those buildings pictured below. How does TESLA do this FAST?

🚘 Important First Step. TESLA needs to “Qualify” a portion of the Reservations List. Convert a Pool of Reservations into Non-Refundable Contracts. For TESLA to engage in this Huge Plant Expansion, it needs to know How Many Reservations will become Real Sales. TESLA needs to know the Buyers are similarly committed to their Model-3 (Reservations) as Tesla is in their Delivery.

🚘 Let’s Play… Proceed with the first Pool of 80,000 Reservations, in Date Order. Congratulate each for being among the First to receive the Model-3. Tesla should not do this with a number of Pools of Reservations, as Tesla firms up their Plant Expansion Plan, Financing Commitments, Timing for both, Plant Production Rate, and a Schedule for the Model-3 Car Assembly…

🚘 Send 80,000 Reservation Holders a Conditional Sales Contract, each selects their Options, Add down for the “Total Purchase Price” of their Model-3. Let’s say the Total Price is, on average $42,000. Require a 15% Non-Refundable Deposit. For a $42k Car, the Deposit equals $6,300 including the $1000 Reservation deposit. The Client writes a non-Refundable Check in the amount of $5,300 to TESLA, and agrees that their $1,000 Reservation previously paid, becomes non-refundable. Alternatively, the Client passes on the deal and requests the return of their $1,000 deposit.

🚘 For more Confidence in Qualifying these Reservation Pools, increase the non-refundable deposit to 20%, probably the limit due to the lengthy delivery window. Use 15% for the First 80,000 reserved-pool, then increase to 20% for the next 80k reserved pool. May as well separate the Men from the Boys, sooner than later. These folks are not buying Chevy VOLTs that are sitting on car Lots – TESLA is building Custome Model-3 cars to Buyer Specification. Perhaps Elon Musk should sign a 3″ Tesla Logo, a Decal, and attach it to inside of the windshields, a sign of TESLA’s appreciation.

🚘 TESLA Must Know who are Committed Buyers and who are not. If 80%* of the 80,000 First Pool of Reservations become Buyers, then TESLA is fairly confident that 64,000 Model-3 Cars Buyers are committed with “at-risk” Contracts equating to $2.688 Billion Sales, with $403.2 Million in Non-Refundable Deposits. For this first Pool of Reservations, TESLA should have confidence in moving forward for their extensive Plant Expansion. Also, the 80%* Conversion Ratio (my guesswork) should give Tesla a “feel” for the balance of the Reservations. Recall we arbitrarily picked 80%*. No one really know.*

🚘 The CLOCK is TESLA’s enemy, as it surely does not want to loose [any portion of] these Pre-Sales, because of the Company’s failure to deliver in a reasonable amount of time. Think about it. It may take Tesla 18 months just to Build the Robotics, the Plant, the Infrastructure, the Power, the Water Resources, the Raw Materials, the Chemistry, the Storage Facilities, the Fire Protection. All to support an additional 6,000 Cars/Month Output, 150% more than the Model-S assembly-line production-rate (4,100 Cars/Mo) is currently handling. Imagine these logistics… OMG, let’s not forget building up the supply-line for all of the Model-3’s roughly 8,000 custom parts. All right enough Drama. It’s more fun to talk about that amazing Model-3

🚘 Model-3 combines real world Driving Range, 215 miles to 350 miles per Charge, Performance, Safety and Spaciousness into a premium sedan that only TESLA can build. TESLA’s most affordable car yet, Model 3 achieves a minimum of 215 miles of range per charge while Priced at only $35,000 before Tax incentives. Isn’t that nice… Ooops, here’s some more Drama.

🚘 Who in their Right Mind would think to Worry about Exceeding the Federal Limit for Buyers receiving their Tax Credits. Well, the Limit is apparently 200,000 Green Cars for each Manufacturer. It may be that 1/3rd of the Model-3 Reservations may not have the Tax Credit they counted on. Apparently the US Federal Tax Credit only applies to the first 200,000 Tesla Cars delivered. They’ll need a good Lawyer or two, to examine the Tax Code to see if the 50,000 Model-S deliveries have already “eaten into” the GREEN limit of 200,000 Cars per Company.

🚘 The Whitehouse wants everyone to Drive “GREEN” well here is a terrific opportunity for the President, the TESLA Model-3 is for the masses… Immediately below is the Link so you can Sign the Petition directed to the White House, making an appeal to extend [or remove] the current 200,000 limit/Car Model, that provides for a $7,500 Tax Credit; it’s very simple to complete, see the image below. We have a Readership of over 100,000 so let’s have everyone sign on… https://petitions.whitehouse.gov/petition/increase-ev-tax-credit-cap-manufacturer

🚘 Model-3 is designed to attain the highest safety ratings in every category. After 10 years of hard work, Tesla has finally “revealed” the Model-3, the vehicle that CEO Elon Musk now knows, will take the Electric Vehicle, “EV” to the masses. When you see the interior of the Model-3, it’s like you are visualizing a Car decades into the Future.

🚘 Everything that controls the Car, except for Steering, is displayed on a 15″ Touch Screen, otherwise the “dash-board” is literally clear of any buttons, nobs, and gauges. TESLA engineers mention that the User Interface in the reveal, is not necessarily in final form. Looking at the Picture below, this is not an “Artists Rendering” of the Cockpit of the Model-3. The image below is the actual Model-3 Drivers Seat. When you view the Video Clips later in this article, you will see the Driver in this Car.

🚘 Truly futuristic. Remember this Car is equipped with true Auto-Pilot logistics and hardware. Most of the Car’s functions are selected by computer-Touch-Screen-control, shown on the 15″ high resolution LCD display, which has been brought Forward close to the Driver, so it’s in easy reach of the Driver, without having to lean-forward, an issue with the Model-S’s 17″ display mounted in the console.

🚘 At the unveiling of the Model-3 late Thursday evening and into the early morning of April 1st, at the company’s design studio in Hawthorne, California, TESLA’s CEO, Elon Musk said the car will deliver at least 215 miles range beginning at just $35,000, a bold claim, and an important milestone for Tesla to achieve. Musk is “confident” that deliveries will begin by the end of 2017, and “you will not be able to buy a better car for $35,000, even if you select no options.” “And it will be one of the safest cars in the world in every category” according to Musk.

🚘 Tesla reported more than 276,000 Pre-Orders have been placed, where buyers put $1,000 down, as of April 3rd, and that number will likely continue to increase. To bring these figures into perspective, as we are talking about Automobiles, not iPhones, 276,000 pre-Ordered Cars equates to roughly $276 Million in paid Deposits held for 20 months, equating to over $11.5 Billion in pre-sales, (Elon Musk is assuming $41.6k/Car). Pre-Sales of this magnitude is Huge, and Never heard of in the Auto Industry.

🚘 TESLA is creating the excitement that is routinely generated at Apple Product Releases. However, this is about Cars, not iPhones. The “standard” Model-3 will accelerate from 0-60 mph in less than 6 seconds, with upgraded versions that will go “much faster.”

🚘 Model-3 Options – If you choose the 4-wheel drive AWD option (ElonMusk said today this option will be priced under $5k) includes a front mounted electric motor, in addition to the “standard” rear-mounted main electric motor.

🚘 Model-3 Range will be at least 215 miles/charge, but Tesla Engineers hope to exceed this number in the final Production Car, with the advancement of the Battery technology, and optimized electronics over the next 18 months of pre-development. One of the Options will be a Larger Lithium battery array to extend the Range to 300+ miles/charge. No word yet on the option price for the larger LiON Battery.

🚘 All Model-3 cars will include [the internal electronics package] support for Tesla’s high-speed Supercharger Stations, because “it’s about going where you want to go,” according to Musk. With the Model-S the supercharger internal charging package was a $2,500+ option; For the Model-3 its included in the “standard” Car. By the end of 2017, when the Model-3 begins Car deliveries, Tesla says it will have a total of 7,200 Supercharger Stations in operation, which is double the number available today, and 15,000 charging locations.

🚘 Like the Model-S, the Model-3 will come with a powerful Rear-Wheel Drive electric Motor and an optional all-wheel drive version, plus there’s a 15″ landscape touchscreen LCD driver’s control-display an interesting change from the 17″ portrait touchscreen as in the Model-S and X. Autopilot hardware is standard, plus all safety features will be active automatically. Five adults will fit comfortably, “comfortably is the important part here,” says Musk.

🚘 The front-to-rear roof area, from the windshield all the way to the trunk, will be one continuous piece of structural-glass. And, just like the Model-S, the Model-3 will have front and rear trunks for storage. “More cargo capacity than any gasoline car of the same external dimensions,” says Musk. You can even fit a 7-foot long surfboard on the inside of the Model-3.

🚘 The two current Tesla vehicles, the Model-S and Model-X, are both relatively expensive. Even with tax incentives, both cars easily push $100,000. In order for Tesla to deliver 10-times as many cars as it now delivers, it needed a less expensive automobile in the lineup. That’s where the Model-3 comes in. The Model-3 is the future for TESLA.

🚘 Don’t expect to get your hands on a Model-3 until sometime in 2018 considering that there are over 276,000 pre-orders ahead of you. The Model-3 is expected to begin production in the 4th quarter of 2017, roughly 20 months from now. Tesla is currently accepting pre-orders for a modest $1,000 refundable down payment. Tesla plans to more than double the size of its retail Sales Stores and Service Centers [in the TESLA network] by the end of 2017, to Sell and Service all these new TESLA cars.

🚘 At the unveiling of the Model-3 Thursday evening, Elon Musk thanked Model-S and Model-X purchasers as these Sales Revenues helped to fund the development of the new Model-3 car. The Model-3 is the culmination of a full decade of hard work. Elon Musk is betting $Billions on TESLA, and it needs to deliver. The future of Tesla Motors, quite literally “rides on the success” of the Model-3. The incredible number of pre-sales, over 276,000, is an strong indication, TESLA is on its way to becoming a huge participant in the EV Automobile industry.

🚘 The Model-3 is the car Tesla Motors has promised since the company’s founding, the car that CEO Elon Musk is convinced, will push EVs into the mainstream and the technology to an inflection point. This is the car Musk believes will change the world. “It’s very important to accelerate the transition to sustainable transport,” Musk said on stage. “This is really important for the future of the world.” To View this TESLA Event on YouTube, and there are more Links below: https://goo.gl/uo5suC

🚘 In person and on paper, the Model-3 is a real “shocker”. It’s a very handsome sedan, with four doors, five seats, and all the creature comforts and practicality you’d expect of an upscale mid-size sedan. The Electric Propulsion, Battery System, and the Drive train are capable of 0-to-60 mph acceleration, at under 6-Seconds, plus a range of 215 miles/charge. It’s packed with technology, style, and at a bargain price as Tesla delivers it at the $35,000 base price, Musk promises you’ll pay. Musk also estimates that $6,600 in options will bring the average delivery price to $41,600.

🚘 For the first 200,000 sales of the Model-3 there will be a federal tax credit, according to current Law. The specs and price are key, because so far Tesla Motors has aimed squarely at the affluent buyer. The company’s first three models, the innovative Roadster sports car, exquisite Model-S sedan, and tech-slinging Model-X SUV, made electric cars fun, cool, and compelling. The Model-3 is meant to do something greater: sell to the masses, using electric car propulsion.

🚘 TESLA Model-3 is a very innovative passenger car. During its unveiling two days ago, we were able to capture several videos of brief guest-drives around the TESLA grounds in the late evening. The links below are YouTube videos to see the Model-3 captured from the front-passenger seat, and the back-seat. While watching these brief clips, take notice of the “Dash Board” other than the 15″ display to the right of the Driver’s view, the Dash-Board in front of the steering-wheel is totally blank, clean, no clutter whatsoever, as all of the controls and gauges are visible on the 15″ LCD display [which has been pushed forward towards the Driver] at “Screen-Center-Right” literally, within Easy Reach to the Driver without having to lean-forward.

🚘 TESLA Model-3 Revealed. Below are 5 of the Best Video Clip Links we’ve found, showing the First Reveal of TESLA’s new Model-3 in action, on the SHOW Stage and on the Road. These Videos are the Best part of this Article, as you’ll get to experience the Reveal SHOW Event as if you were there, plus the experiences of the Test Drives of several of the participants that attended the SHOW. Looking at the Dash Board, it is very Futuristic… what a Car would look like decades from now, but TESLA’s Model-3 is quite literally NOW.

🚘 First Look of Model-3 On-Stage: http://youtu.be/Jd_RXG_WZqQ

🚘 TMC Test-Drive of Model-3: http://youtu.be/TiWOKBMTDvc

🚘 First Test-Drive of Model-3: https://youtu.be/16SWVS56aZU

🚘 Second Test-Drive of Model-3: http://youtu.be/yTRL5u57ukE

🚘 TESLA Model-3 Unveiling 24 Minute Show: http://youtu.be/dmKvuRw4up4

🚘 Tesla is not alone, in hoping to do the remarkable and frankly, it was “beaten in the race” to build a $30K EV Auto with a triple-digit range by General Motors. However, this stat is where the comparison ends. In January, the Detroit stalwart introduced the 2017 Chevrolet VOLT, a battery electric hatchback with a range of 200 miles/charge, and a price of $37,500 and that’s where the comparison ends.

🚘 Musk isn’t the slightest bit worried about competition, and to be fair, has little reason to be. The Volt is impressive, but Tesla has the proven ability to get people very excited, and there’s no denying the company has a cachet many automakers only dream of…

🚘 Have You Ever seen thousands of people lining up outside Automobile Dealerships, waiting to place a $1,000 deposit on a Car they haven’t even seen yet… something that happened at many Tesla Stores last week. By the time Musk pulled the white-sheet off the Model-3 Thursday evening at the sprawling Space X campus in Hawthorne, California, 115,000 customers had already put their money down [$1000/car] and within 36 hours of the unveiling over 276,000 Model-3 Cars have been pre-Ordered, equating to about $11.5 Billion in pre-sales.

🚘 Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning founded Tesla Motors in 2003. Musk, flush with cash after selling PayPal to eBay for $1.4 billion, joined in early 2004 as its chairman and primary benefactor. He took over as CEO in 2008, shortly after the debut of the company’s first car, the Roadster. The two-seater was a “proof of concept” designed to show that these 2,400 Sports Car, EVs, could be cool. It was based on the Lotus Elise, as it could hit 60 mph in 3.7 Seconds, and squeezed a 245 range from a 950 pound LiON battery. Car & Driver called it “a revelation”. Tesla sold about 2,400 of these Sports Roadsters at $100k/car, in 4 years.

🚘 Then came the Model-S, a truly remarkable sedan good for almost 300 miles on a charge. Even now, four years after its debut, the sedan remains a marvel. It’s everything most people would ever dream of in a Car… It’s roomy, comfortable, practical, quick, and reliable, and gorgeous. Motor Trend and Automobile Magazine called it the “Car of the Year” in 2013, and Consumer Reports gave it its best Rating Score of 99+ the highest rating ever for any Car it tested in its entire 19 year history of testing.

🚘 TESLA’s 17″ LCD Display and user-interface and performance has steadily improved on the Model-S, using over-the-air [cellular] software updates similar to iPhone iOS updates to its operating system, to make every Model-S perform even better and to enhance the User-Interface of the 17″ display. Tesla made hardware changes too, offering an optional front-motor to provide four-wheel drive, motors in the Rear and Front, bigger batteries for greater range, improved electronics, and true Auto-Pilot delivering auto-self-driving capabilities. The 0 to 60 time plunged to a stomach-dropping 2.8 seconds, on par with mid-six-figure exotic cars.

🚘 Meanwhile, Tesla built an international network of 1,600 “superchargers” where owners can plug-in and charge the battery for free where one could charge their Tesla battery to 80% (230 miles of driving) in roughly 30 minutes. Tesla fought with local governments, for the right to sell cars directly to customers [without Dealerships]. It acquired an enormous factory once occupied by GM and Toyota. TESLA broke ground and almost fully completed, its “Gigafactory” where it works with Panasonic to build an unimaginable number of Lithium batteries, more battery power than all other Lithium Battery power factories combined, globally, in TESLA’s single humongous plant. In October, 2015 it introduced the Model-X, a handsome, falcon-winged SUV based on the Model-S, with Gull-Winged rear doors. With hundreds of thousand Model-3D preorders, TESLA will need their Gigafactory, which is their plan.





🚘 Tesla Model S Ranks Best Overall Car for 2014 by Consumer Reports, among 260 autos tested ~ Not only did Tesla Rank #1 Tesla scored the Highest Score ever Achieved in the Magazine’s 18 years of testing Cars ~ Plus What’s Not to Like about Driving for 3Âą/mile when Gas costs 16Âą/mile 🚘

🚘 Tesla Model S an all Electric LiON Battery Powered Car, Ranks as the Best Overall Car for 2014 by Consumer Reports, among 260 automobiles tested, whether fueled by electric batteries, gas or diesel fuel, or a hybrid of two fuels. Not only did Tesla Rank #1, it scored the Highest Score ever recorded in CR’s 18 year history of testing Cars.

🚘 Don’t know what TESLA is… In Physics Class we learned about the Tesla Coil, a high-voltage frequency generator. The Tesla Coil is one of Nikola Tesla’s most famous invention in 1891. See Tesla and his inventions below.

🚘 Elon Musk’s Tesla Motors Inc. (TSLA:US) has earned the ardor of investors and the highest U.S. safety ratings. It can also add the honor of having the best-reviewed car of the year by automobile testers at Consumer Reports, earning the Highest score ever of 99 given in Consumer Reports 18 year history of reviewing Cars.

🚘 Consumer Report summarizes their study saying "Sure, you can talk about this electric luxury car’s blistering acceleration, razor-sharp handling, compliant ride, and versatile cabin, which can fit a third-row of seats. But that just scratches the surface of this technological tour de force."

🚘 Consumer Reports editors further say "The Tesla is brimming with innovation. Its massive, easy-to-use 17" touch-screen controls most of the car’s functions. Tesla is totally keyless in operation, locking, unlocking, starting, full Internet access, and ultra-quiet, zero-emission driving experience, the Tesla is a glimpse into a future where cars and computers coexist in seamless harmony. Its 275-mile driving range and 3-hour charges, using Tesla’s special connector, also make it the easiest, most practical, albeit pricey, electric car to live with."

🚘 “It’s truly a groundbreaking car,” Jake Fisher, Consumer Reports’ director of auto testing who oversaw this year’s review of 260 vehicles, said an interview. “You get into it, and it really stands out. It’s the very best car I’ve ever driven.”

🚘 Consumer Reports tests and evaluates cars for how well they drive, interior-finish quality, safety and reliability. The model rankings influence car buyers and are published in the Yonkers, New York-based magazine’s annual auto issue.

🚘 It was interesting researching how Consumer Reports tests each of the 260 vehicles this year. Each car is driven about 6000 miles while the evaluation teams assess every imaginable function and quality of the cars under examination.

🚘 Today’s TESLA is a very exciting Luxury Battery Powered automobile with a 275 mile range.

🚘 In appearance the Tesla does not just "gets on terms" with the two-plus-two Aston, it almost cinches it. The sweeping lines and a callipygous rear give the Tesla the look of a concept car. But this is no Concept car with limited delivery, as Tesla has ramped up production to over 25,000 units/year. The door handles motor-out to meet you (one of a number of motorized functions) and the doors swing wide.

🚘 Inside is Tesla’s cabin Very Unconventional, it’s almost the appearance of a Science Fiction Futuristic Auto. The seating are cantilever-mounted onto a flat-floor, with an uncluttered full-width floor space. A dramatic digital instrument panel in front of the driver central-displays show charge level, power usage, range, and speed.

🚘 The central facia has the appearance of a very large Touch-Screen iPad, (but its not) with simple and classy Apple-style graphics, that controls most of the Car’s functions, Mapping, Directions, tailored to go with Mercedes-Benz-styled switches and steering column stalks.

🚘 Tesla Model S electric car is “the answer” I’ve personally been looking for. I have remained on the side-lines with all electric cars because of two reasons: (1) most of the offerings look like "soup-cans with wheels and windows" (not so with the Tesla, as its stunningly attractive inside and out) and (2) they have such a limited Range most under 100 miles, one "can not drive it out of town" (not so with the Tesla as it can deliver 300 miles in Range.

🚘 One wonders if the other Car-makers have been sleeping on the job. With Tesla’s share-price on fire after recently announcing plans for a new battery “gigafactory” (now, that’s a factory), confirming next year’s SUV, the Model-X, and a smaller, cheaper model (like $36k) for 2017. Today there’s barely a Silicon-Valley baron or Hollywood Star without a Model S in their Garage.

🚘 Tesla is Fueled by a huge, flat, Lithium Ion battery, a single unit that delivers 85,000 Watt-hours of power. The Battery lines almost the entire bottom of the floor-board; however, the Battery is very well protected. To put this Battery in perspective, a 85kWhr of battery power is equivalent to about 16,200 iPhone-LiON-Batteries all linked together into a single huge flat-battery-array.

🚘 The LiON battery in the Tesla Model-S contains a unique LiON battery-chemistry so that it delivers power and takes recharge cycles for at least 8 years, equivalent to the Tesla battery-warranty, with unlimited miles.

🚘 Surely, now that Tesla has proven to the marketplace that an attractive well designed Car with good range can be delivered in mass quantities. Also, since Tesla is expanding its assembly plants to grow production by 50% this year and next, Battery Technology will be the focus for these fine Cars. Surely, Tesla wants to increase its Model-S Range to 400 miles then to 500 miles, since Electric fueling stations are not as populated as Gasoline stations.

🚘 When viewing Tesla’s Model-S at the retail-store in our Boca Raton Town Center Mall, they have several fully assembled, ready to drive Cars, and two Cars that were apparently taken off the assembly-line, displaying the beautifully engineered frame, battery array, the steering points, the motor and inverter package at the car’s rear-end. Very Impressive displays making it clear to anyone, engineer or house-wife, that this Car is an engineering marvel, that gives the quality feeling that Apple delivers with their products, with an obvious display of an incredible level of attention to every minute element of detail.

🚘 Tesla SuperChargers recharges Model S quickly, Super quickly. Superchargers are for refueling quickly on road trips. A Supercharger can replenish 50% the 85 kWh battery in about 25 minutes. All Model S vehicles with the 85 kWh battery can use SuperChargers as can properly equipped 60 kWh battery vehicles. SuperCharger (Electric) Fuel Stations will be positioned at convenient locations along major interstates throughout the country.

🚘 Tesla SuperCharger stations the Cost for a "Full Tank of Electricity" is FREE, although it costs Tesla say $300,000 per station. Tesla considers this fueling feature as a Marketing Expense, to make it clear to Tesla Owners, and those interested in buying a Tesla Car, that they can get a "Fill-Up" when going out of town. In a Hurry, no problem, the Super-Charger Stations will have two "Fueling" modes, Plug in your Tesla Model S for 20 minutes for 100 miles of Range, 40 minutes for 200 miles of Range or 60 minutes to "Fill the Tank" in this case a fully recharged battery.

🚘 Tesla’s Free Fueling feature is considered a "Marketing Expense" where these costs are not "built into the price of their cars." Recall that a fill-up costs Tesla about $9, assuming an electric utility cost of 11Âą per kilowatt, typical in the USA.

🚘 A major Free-Fueling costs facing Tesla is the development of the Fueling Station Network, the real estate and construction costs, estimated to be approximately $300,000 per station. This expense could be amortized over say 20 years, making this a $15,000/year per Station, expense to the financial statement.

🚘 SuperCharger Stations. If Tesla builds 500 SuperCharger Nation-Wide Network, the depreciation expense would be on the order of $7.5 million/year. If every SuperCharger Station with 3-fueling lanes were charging for 24 hours/day, this represents 26,000 fill-ups/year per Station; Assuming the electric-utility cost is $9/Fill-Up, then each staton would expense $234,000/year per station, which equates to about $115 million/year for the Nation-Wide network of 500 SuperCharger stations.

🚘 With 150,000 Tesla Cars on the Road planned, the Annual expense for SuperCharger Stations equates to about $800/Tesla, a Very imaginative use of marketing dollars. This represents a 1% marketing component per car, not a large figure indeed. By the end of 2015 Tesla will have enough SuperCharger Stations to cover 98% of the Population in the US and portions of Canada.

🚘 Tesla SuperCharger Stations have another Amazing feature, the capability of the Model-S receiving a 100% Full-Charge in 95 Seconds with a "Battery Replacement" performed at the station. Just pull-up over a designated area, and your Model-S’ Battery is dropped-down with automation, and a New Fully-Charged Battery is pushed-backup into your Model-S in about 1 minute 30 seconds. Tesla literally swaps your car’s battery for a new battery that has been already fully-charged.

🚘 I witnessed two Model-S cars in line at a Tesla SuperCharger Station, (a video-clip is provided below) that received Lion Battery swaps for two Tesla’s in line, requiring about 3 minutes total time for both Model-S cars, 90 seconds each. Filling your 23 Gallon Tank with Gasoline takes about 4 minutes. This service costs $80 for the 85 kWhr battery-swap or $60 for the 60 kWhr battery. When you return from your trip, go back to the same SuperCharger Station that swapped your battery, and the station then re-Swaps your Car’s original LiON battery fully-charged.

🚘 The $80 cost for the 90 second fill-up costs about 26Âą/mile if you’re in a hurry. Not in a hurry go for the SuperCharger and wait 30 to 45 minutes to "Top-Off your Tank" for Free. While you have a travel-break, at the Coffee shot near-by. Recall, if you have an iPhone, the App will keep you posted on the Battery Level as it Fills with electric-power. How Cool is that!

🚘 If you decide to retain the NEW LiON Battery, in other words, you don’t re-Swap batteries, Tesla will "Charge" you (pardon the pun) the price difference between your original LiON battery, and the price of a New LiON battery. This may be your plan, say in Year Two or Three, as aged LiON Batteries may only accept 90% to 95% charges. No figures are available on this option, as these swap-stations are scheduled for later in 2015.

🚘 The Cost of a new 85 kWhr LiON Battery is $12,000. If you decide to retain the New Battery Swap, the question is what is the "trade-in" value for your existing Model-S battery that’s 2 or 3 years old. The SuperCharger Battery Swap capability commences in 2015 nation-wide, so the financial models are not set as to the price for the battery swap, if you decide keep the new battery. Since the Model-S battery is warrantied for 8 years, if charging performance diminishes in Range, I’d be looking to the factory warranty to replace the battery.

🚘 Tesla is developing hundreds of SuperCharger Stations in the USA as an amazing marketing campaign as the "Fill-Ups" are Free. Think about it, travel to Grandma’s with no cost for Fuel, in Tesla’s case, electricity.

🚘 The Control Panel in each Tesla Model-S has a beautiful Google Maps styled GPS Map, showing in real-time, every location of a SuperCharger Station, and your location of the Model-S, giving detailed directions if necessary, and your Tesla’s Range to arrive the SuperCharger station. The GPS is also functional to input your destination. For the local folks in south Florida, there is a SuperCharger Station near MACY’s Front door in the parking garage of the Town Center Mall, and two others 25 miles south in Fort Lauderdale and 25 miles north of Boca Raton.

🚘 Tesla Superchargers allow Model S owners to travel for free between cities along well-traveled highways in North America and Europe. Superchargers provide a 50% charge in as few as 20 minutes and are strategically placed to allow owners to drive from station to station with minimal stops, or fear of running our of "Fuel." The Coverage for North America already provides for Coast-to-Coast driving. Here are Tesla’s Plans for SuperCharger station development:

✔ Today, First Quarter, 2014 – 78 stations, Coast-to-coast travel now enabled
✔ 2014 – 80% of the US population Covered plus portions of Canada
✔ 2015 – 98% of the US population Covered plus parts of Canada

🚘 Superchargers are located near amenities like roadside diners, cafes, and shopping centers. Road Trippers can stop for a quick meal and have their Model S charged when they’re done.

🚘 Tesla Model S cost for a Fill-Up equates to about $0.0311/mile. For a 275 mile range assuming you use Airconditioning, 275x$0.0311 equates to a Fill-Up cost of $8.50, assuming the Electric utility charge of 11±/kWatt, that Tesla pays for, a typical rate in south Florida. To Fill-Up your typical gasoline 4-Door Sedan automobile with 12.5 Gallons of Gas priced at $3.85/gallon costs $48.00, assuming the MPG is about 22 mpg vehicle, delivering the same range.

🚘 To this point in this Article its been all about Good Looks and the Battery. Lets now turn our attention to the Motor. One of the Demands by Elan Musk to his engineering team, is to have this vehicle powered by a strong engine, so that the buyer of a Tesla Model-S will not feel like there has been compromise in power or performance. Let it be said that a 416hp electric Motor rotating at around 6500 RPM generates an amazing level of Acceleration. There is simply NO Compromise with this electric engine.

🚘 Model S is a rear wheel drive electric vehicle. The liquid-cooled powertrain includes the battery, motor, drive inverter, and gear box. 60 kWh or 85 kWh microprocessor controlled, lithium-ion battery, a rear mounted 3-phase, 4-pole AC induction-motor with a copper rotor, creating 416hp; That’s dramatic amount of Horse Power, a Power Drive Inverter with variable frequency drive, a regenerative braking system, and a single-speed-reduction, Fixed-Gear ratio of 9.73:1 reduction ratio.

🚘 Tesla Model-S Power Train and Motor. The Electric motor powering the Model-S is a 416hp alternating current, variable frequency design. The motor itself weighs approximately 250 pounds, with a Copper-Wound Rotor, the internal component that rotates with a Gear on its shaft. Interesting that the Motor is Super-Power A/C motor, and the Battery is a 85 kWhr LiON direct current. Directly right of the rear-mounted Motor is a Power-Inverter that transforms up to 1200 Amps of DC electricity to A/C power, powering the Motor.

🚘 The Motor has a Running Rate of 5,000 to 8,000 RPM. There is Single-Gear reduction of 9.73 to 1 (no gear-shifting as with typical automobile transmissions). Therefore with a Rotor that weighs about 50 pounds rotating at an average speed of say 6,500RPM causes the drive shaft to rotate at about 500 RPM to 800RPM, this represents an incredible amount of power on the Wheels.

🚘 The Tesla motor’s Rotor weighing in at about 50 pounds, that is spinning at an average of 6500RPM, generates a huge level of power on the rear wheels. The velocity of Tesla’s motor, the RPM is controlled by changing the Frequency of the Alternating Current combined with the amount of Amperes of electric current, up to 1,200 amps when desiring fast acceleration from a dead-stop or changing lanes on a highway. This combination of factors controls the power, the driver desires by pressing one’s foot on the accelerator-pedal. Lots of very unique electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, and design, to accomplish this seamlessly to the Driver, and totally Quietly. The lack of any Engine and Transmission Noise is very strange at first.

🚘 Recall that a typical gasoline motor runs from 800 RPM to 3,500 RPM, that runs very hot, in combination with a 5-speed transmission and a Transaxle, that also becomes very hot as it consumes energy, a very inefficient method of changing the rotation of the drive-shaft, wasting about 40% of the gasoline engine’s power. What a waist of power and fuel.

🚘 Think about it, with a 400hp gasoline engine, 160hp is lost because of the inefficiencies of the transmission and the transaxle. Which means that only 240hp of power, of the 400ph gasoline engine, gets to the wheels. With Tesla’s electric engine 90% of the power gets directly to the rear wheels.

🚘 Tesla’s precocious car maker has Big ambitions. He originated PayPal 11-years ago making hundreds of $Millions. In top-spec $124,000 as-tested form, this 16ft 4in long, five-door battery-electric coupĂ© will not only out drag a $250,000 loaded Aston Martin, but Tesla carries two more passengers or twice as much stuff and, at 4,200 pounds, weighs not much more.

🚘 Stand on it, and the Aston will drain its 20 gallon tank of unleaded in about 250 miles, well within the realistic driving range of the 85kWh Tesla S range of 275 mile. What’s not to like about battery motoring? Not to mention that the Tesla Model-S, a luxury-sedan, goes from Zero to 60 MPH in 4.7 seconds.

🚘 The Tesla Model S electric sedan is Number One in Consumer Reports, in this year’s automotive rankings. Not only Tesla being in first place, but received the highest score ever recorded in its 18 year history of evaluating 260 vehicles.

🚘 The magazine cited the Model S’s sporty performance and technological innovations, including its 275 mile range. Consumer Reports acknowledged that the car is expensive and paid $89,650 for the Model S that the Magazine tested.

🚘 For less than a third of that price, the Toyota Prius hybrid got the nod as Consumer Reports’ top green car. The magazine also cited strong fuel economy in naming the Honda Accord as the top midsize car and the BMW328i as the best sports sedan.

🚘 The rankings, now in their 18th year, pick Consumer Reports’ favorites among the 260 vehicles its team has recently tested. The rankings are closely watched in the auto industry, since shoppers consistently cite Consumer Reports as a main source of car-buying advice.

🚘 Consumer Reports actually buys the test-vehicles anonymously, and performs more than 50 tests on each, including evaluations of braking, handling and comfort, among en elaborate array of tests and examinations. Consumer Reports’ testing team literally drives each vehicle for roughly 6,000 miles, in assessing the vehicle’s performance on the road in a wide variety of environments and road conditions.

🚘 Tesla Model S Ranks Best Overall Car for 2014 by Consumer Reports among 260 autos tested. Not only did Tesla Rank #1, Tesla scored a value of 99 the Highest Score ever Achieved in the Magazine’s 18 years of testing Cars.

🚘 Plus What’s Not to Like about Driving a Tesla Model-S Electric Car for 3Âą/mile when Gasoline Cars cost over 16Âą/mile, that’s over 500% more expensive.

🚘 Did I mention that Tesla has an iPhone App that will permit you to find the car with GPS that remains active even when the Car is parked and shut-down. The Tesla App will permit you to TURN-ON Tesla’s Air Conditioning system when the Car is parked and Locked.

🚘 With your Tesla, if you’re at a lunch meeting with car parked outdoors in the direct Sun in the summer time, you can use your iPhone Tesla App, Power-Up Tesla’s A/C System say 10 minutes before the end of your Luncheon, so that the Car is Cooled-down when you retrieve your Tesla from the parking lot. The App also permits you to Honk the Horn or Flash the Lights, to either scare away possible intruders, or as a visual or audio Tool so you can find your Car in Large Parking Lots2.

🚘 Steven Spielberg was recently spotted in Brentwood California driving the his Tesla Model S, an all electric automobile, while heading to a high powered Hollywood luncheon. Apparently, more and more celebrities find the Tesla an attractive vehicle and more importantly they love the fact that it is environmentally friendly.

🚘 It seems the famous 67 year-old screenwriter, producer, and business magnate left all the Porches and Maybachs and went for a Tesla model S. The Tesla is actually fits the famed director quite well as if we were to discuss the vehicle’s interior, we’ll come across a very science-fiction like cabin. The seats are cantilevered mounted onto a flat-floor, an uncluttered full-width floor space, making the Tesla S model’s interior quite unconventional.

🚘 Don’t know what TESLA is… In Physics Class we learned about the Tesla, but it wasn’t an unbelievable Electric Automobile. The video clip directly below is a demonstration of the Model-S getting a "battery-swap" at Service Centers to have this capability in 2015.

http://www.teslamotors.com/batteryswap

🚘 Don’t know what TESLA is… In Physics Class we learned about the Tesla Coil, a high-voltage frequency generator. The Tesla Coil is one of Nikola Tesla’s most famous invention in 1891.



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🔋🛱🔋 The Magic Inside TESLA Model-S Powerful LiON Battery đŸ”‹đŸ›ąđŸ”‹

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🔋 Introduction to TESLA’s Model-S, for those unfamiliar with TESLA’s Electric Propulsion Cars. For those who can afford $85,000+ Luxury Car, or for the many a $35,000 Model-3. 2016 is a game changer for Tesla, offering what a traditional combustion-engine luxury sedans do, without the harmful Emissions and Likely Expensive Gasoline Fill’Ups.

🔋 EPA has determined, Tesla Electric Cars earn a Milage Rating of 88eMPG City : 90eMPG Highway. eMPG is the petroleum-fuel-equivalency, for rating Electric Powered Cars. The 3 TESLA’s Electric Propulsion Cars, the Model-S, Model-X, and the new Model-3, Cost Lower than 5Âą per Mile Driven for all Tesla Electric Cars, see EPA Chart below).

🔋 Fuel Cost for TESLA’s Electric Propulsion Cars. Today’s Cost of Electricity averages 13Âą per Kilowatt Hour, Nationally. The Cost to operate TESLA’s Electric Cars at 13Âą/kWh is on average $725 for 15,000 miles driven (see EPA chart below), which equals 5Âą per Mile Driven for Tesla LiON Electric Propulsion Cars (with No exhaust fumes containing CO₂, CO, and No Noxious Gasses and Soot discharged into our atmosphere).

🛱 Fuel Cost for Gasoline Powered Cars with 420hp Engines consumes on average 24MPG, miles per gallon. Therefor, for each 15,000 miles driven, 625 Gallons of gasoline are consumed (with Exhaust Fumes containing CO₂, CO, Noxious Gasses, and Soot that are discharged into the atmosphere). If current gasoline prices are $2.25 per gallon, then the Cost to drive 15,000 miles is $1,406 or 9.37± per Mile Driven with Gasoline Engine Powered Cars.

🛱 Several Years ago Gasoline prices were over $4.25 per Gallon; We may likely experience similar increased Gasoline prices again in a few years. Therefor, for the same 15,000 miles driven, and the same 625 Gallons of Gas purchased (for 24mpg Cars) the Gasoline Cost would increase to $2,656 (at $4.25/Gallon of Gasoline). This equates to 17.7± per Mile Driven. Notice the examples for three prices of Gasoline followed by three prices of Electricity and their respective Driving Costs/Mile.

🛱 Gasoline Powered Cars: 24mpg Engines: Cost for Mile Driven

🛱 $2.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 9.37± / Mile Driven
🛱 $3.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 13.5± / Mile Driven
🛱 $4.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 17.7± / Mile Driven
🛱 $5.25 / Gallon: Cost to Drive equals: 21.9± / Mile Driven

🔋 TESLA Electric Propulsion Cars: 85kWh LiON Battery: Cost / Mile Driven

🔋 TESLA Electric Powered Cars: Electricity Cost 11± / kWh: 4.09± / Mile Driven 🔋 TESLA Electric Powered Cars: Electricity Cost 13± / kWh: 4.83± / Mile Driven 🔋 TESLA Electric Powered Cars: Electricity Cost 15± / kWh: 5.58± / Mile Driven

🛱 Gasoline price fluctuations, do not directly relate to the current 13Âą/kWh Electrical Power Costs to the Public. A significant portion of Nation’s Electrical Power Generation is fueled by four main sources other than the thousands of Petroleum (Oil or Diesel) Fueled Power Plants, plus a number of Geo Thermal, Wind and Solar Powered Plants, according to current EPA statistics:

(A) 99 Nuclear Power Reactors in 30 States
(B) 557 Coal Powered Electric Power Plants
(C) 7,304 Natural Gas Powered Electric Plants, plus
(D) 2,540 HydroElectric Powered Dams in the USA.

🔋🛱🔋 Model-S came to fruition in 2012, it being the first attractive, modern, powerful, all-electric propulsion, 4 door, 5 passenger Sedan. All Model-S sedans have the same body as one would expect in a seat five passenger car. Cargo space is available under the front hood (which Tesla calls a “frunk,” a wordsmith for “front trunk”).

🔋🛱🔋 TESLA in October 2014 the upgraded Model-S P85D, (D for dual-motors) was introduced. The upgraded Model-S versions feature two electric motors, the primary motor powers the rear-wheels as in all prior versions, and a second electric motor powers the front wheels, coordinated by computer control. Model-S dual-motor versions available for the basic 85 kWh, and now the 90kWh versions.

🔋🛱🔋 TESLA introduced the Model S 70D as its new $75,000 entry-level car in April 8, 2015, with all-wheel drive and an improved range of 240 miles (MPC miles per charge). The 85D, an AWD car with greater range, and the P85D, the high-power rear drive unit is retained, while a new front drive motor boosts the total power by about 50%.

🔋🛱🔋 Four-Wheel Drive electric propulsion results in a significant increase in acceleration and top speed. The 85 kWh version is $86,070, while the P85D is $105,670. Deliveries of the P85D started in December 2014, with the 85D models starting in February 2015, and the 70D models starting in April 2015.

🔋🛱🔋 TESLA’s Cars, with a 0-to-60-mph accelerating time ranging from under 6 seconds for the Model-3, and for the Model-S, 0-to-60-mph ranges from 4.4 seconds to 2.8 seconds, these TESLA Models are Winning over the most skeptical folks, there are over 80,000 Tesla electric Cars presently on the road, plus 325,000+ reservations for their new Model-3, to commence Production in “Late 2017” according to TESLA.

🔋🛱🔋 Elon Musk may be considered the 21st Century’s “combination” of Thomas Edison and Henry Ford. In 2016 Tesla Model-3, Model-S, and Model-X electric-performance sedans, Musk has created not only a viable alternative to the traditional combustion-engine Cars, but a Line of Vehicles that have Captured the Public’s imagination. With their sleek design, impressive range, and varied performance upgrade packages, these three Models should “scare the heck out of OPEC.”

🔋🛱🔋 Tesla has also taken the Bold Steps of building its own Tesla Charger Station Infrastructure, Nationally and Globally. Tesla is Installing a network of “Supercharger” charging stations ($350k each) at strategic locations across the country. TESLA’s performance abilities dwarf some supercars and at prices well in line with most mid-size and full-size luxury sedans, arguments support owning any of TESLA’s three Models.

🔋🛱🔋 Currently Tesla has 613 Supercharger Stations with 3,628 Superchargers (an average of 6 per charging station) in operation as of 2016, plus thousands of Destination Chargers, Tesla Chargers that are installed on private Resorts, Hotels, and Shopping Centers, to accommodate their guests and shoppers.

🔋🛱🔋 TESLA’s Model-S luxury 4-Door Sedan contains a 85 kWh battery-pack weighing 1,200 pounds, containing 7,104 lithium-ion (LiON) battery cells, housed in 16 modules

🔋🛱🔋 (âžĄïž) 85 kWh Battery Contains an Array of 7,104 LiON Cells, divided into 16 Modules
(A) 16 Modules (with 444 LiON Cells each) wired in Series
(B) 1 Module contains 6 Groups, wired in Series
(C) 1 Group contains 74 cells, wired in Parallel
(D) 85kWh Battery has 7,104 LiON Cells = (16x6x74)
(E) 1 Module Delivers 25vDC @ 212.5 Amps
(F) 16 Modules Deliver 400vDC @ 212.5 Amps
(G) LiON Battery Power: 400v X 212.5A = 85kWh
(H) Commencing June 2012, the 85kWh battery pack is modified with Panasonic LiON cells using Nickel-Cobalt-Aluminum Cathodes.

🔋🛱🔋 Physical size for each LiON cell complies with “18650” industry standard size (Cell Cylinder size = 18 mm diameter, by 65 mm high), similar to the Panasonic NCR18650B Cell with an energy density of 265 Wh/kg.

🔋🛱🔋 LiON Battery Cost is estimated to be 20% of Model-S car cost. The LiON battery Warranty is 8-Years, with unlimited milage. The separate Battery Replacement guarantee takes effect after 8-year Warranty, at a cost of $12,000 for 85 kWh battery. List price for a Replacement Battery is $44,000 without guarantee.

🔋🛱🔋 TESLA’s 85 kWh Battery’s Warranty is 8-years with unlimited milage. A survey of Model-S owners indicate the accumulated battery-loss is about 5% for the first 30,000 miles, thereafter capacity attrition is 1% for next 30,000 miles, and Down 1% for each additional 30,000 miles.

🔋🛱🔋 Tesla’s LiON Battery Capacity Attrition Rate is 92.5% for the first 100k Miles Driven: At the completion of the 2nd 100,000 miles driven, the LiON battery capacity reduces by another 3.5% for a Total Attrition of 89% Capacity after 200,000 miles are driven as compared to the LiON Battery’s initial charge-capacity. TESLA’s “battery guarantee” does not specify any excessive-battery-capacity-attrition limitation.

🔋🛱🔋 Battery Attrition in Perspective. The typical Driver travels about 12,000 miles to 15,000 miles per Year. Therefor to Drive 100,000 miles it would take the average driver from 6.6 years to 8.3 years, for an overall average of 13,500 miles driven per Year. This equals 7.4 years for the average driver to reach 100,000 Miles driven. This math is likely how TESLA arrived at its Tesla 8-Year Warranty for the Battery and Drive-Chain and there is no milage limitation for the 8 year Warranty Period.

🔋🛱🔋 Model-S LiON Battery as of July 2015, has been increased to a capacity of 90 kWh, replacing the 85 kWh battery. The 90 kWh battery represents a 6% Energy Increase due to “improved cell chemistry” plus the introduction of Silicon into the Graphite cell’s Anode.

🔋🛱🔋 Battery Capacity – Tesla anticipates an improvement in Battery Capacity of 5% per Year, for future LiON Batteries, because of improvements in the LiON’s chemistry and Anode/Cathode metals employed. Tesla also noted the P90D LiOn Battery for the Model-S has its main battery conductor protected by a Main Fuse rated at an astounding 1,500 Amps @ 600 VDC.

🔋🛱🔋 Examination of the Lion Battery. As noted, there are 7,104 individual LiOn battery Cells contained in the overall Battery Array. When disassembling the 85kWh battery, the container is totally sealed with adhesives and bolts.

🔋🛱🔋 LiON Battery, contains a “Fluid Circulation System” used internally inside the overall Battery Case. Each Module container of 444 LiON cells, are submerged and sealed with a “non-conductive” Fluid, identified as Ethylene Glycol a major component of automotive “AntiFreeze.”

🔋🛱🔋 The Purposes of the Fluid-Circulation-System is to (1) Maintain a relatively Consistent Temperature inside each of the Modules containing 444 LiON Cells. (2) The Fluid-System is also linked to a Heat Exchanger System (“radiator panels”) is center-mounted at the Lower-Front of the Car’s grill. In the event the temperature of the 16 LiON Modules exceed nominal levels, the Fluid-System permits circulation to the Front Mounted Radiator Panels, otherwise the heat-conductive Fluid circulates among the 16 Modules.

🔋🛱🔋 LiON Cell Environmental Ambient-Temperature Maintenance is important when the Car LiON Battery is being (1) Charged, particularly with a Super-Charger Station, or (2) when the LiON Battery experiences Heavy Power draws during high rates of Acceleration, “Peddle to the Metal situations.”

🔋🛱🔋 LiON Cellular Safety Disconnects. Notice the very thin electrical wire connections from the Top of each of the 7,104 LiON cells to the Module’s conductor electrical structure (identified with a White Arrow). Apparently the gauge of this Wire and the Wire’s-material, serves as a “Power Limiting Fuse” carefully engineered to “breakup” or “burn through” when any individual LiON Cell experiences an overload when being Charged or Discharged as it delivers Power from the Array to the Motor-Drives or the Charger-Circuit. Think of this as 7,104 individual “Fuses” protecting each of the 16 Modules, from an Over-Load due to the “Failure” of any single LiON cell.

🔋🛱🔋 LiOn Module Controller. Consider this, in the event 1 LiON cell Over-Heats and Shorts internally, it’s wire-fuse “burns-outs”, removing itself from the Module’s Array. There is an onboard Computer-Control Circuit Board connected to and Monitoring each of the 16 Modules, that’s housing 444 LiON cells contained in each Module. These 16 Computer-Controllers independently monitors the 444 Cell modules collectively, as to Power Usage, Charging Rate, Power Capacity, Voltage, Voltage Drop, and Internal Ambient Temperature. If any of these measurements become “Out-of-Normal” Range, a visual Alarm is delivered to the Car’s master Computer, issuing a Dash Board Warning, and recording the condition[s], time, and date into the Car’s internal Service Log, for the Service Technicians to assess.

🔋🛱🔋 One LiON Cell Fails. In the Event ONE (or More) of the Module’s 444 LiON cells removes itself from the Module’s Array, the Module would have 443 active LiOn cells remaining, then the Module is operating at 99.77% of rated capacity. The Math (443/444)x100. Also the power-rating of the entire LinOn Battery Array of 16 Modules, would also be reduced from 7104 cells to 7103 active cells, resulting in a Power reduction to 99.986% of Battery’s Overall rated capacity, an almost immeasurable difference. There are no publicly available records found as to how many LiOn individual Cells become “Fused Out” of the Battery over time, or during the Warranty period. Precision manufacturing and quality control issues are important factors to be aware of for future Battery Engineering.

🚘 TESLA Model-3 Reservations Surpassed 325,000 Cars in One Week – $14 Billion in Production, Starting “Late 2017” in 20 Months

🚘 Tesla announced Thursday that it has now surpassed 325,000 Reservations with Deposits of $1,000/Car (an increase of +49,000 Cars from Tesla’s Elon Musk’s Tweet just 4 Days ago).

🚘 TESLA had its Model-3 REVEAL to an enthusiastic crowd, on location and Live-Streamed to Millions on-line, the unveiling of the Model 3 late Thursday, March 31st at 11pm. Yes, truly only 7 days ago.

🚘 Tesla successfully caused 325,000 enthusiastic people to Reserve the Model-3 Car with refundable $1000 deposits. Wonderful, but
(A) Reservations should be converted into Contracts 90 days prior to delivery
(B) Average Price of Model-3 Estimate with options is $43,000
(C) Tesla should collect “at risk” deposits 90 days prior to Delivery
(D) Will Tesla Deliver & Closes Model-3 Car in reasonable time-frame
(E) Tesla says: “…it will generate [in 20 months, (12/2017) Enough Revenues [about $14 Billion] to make [the Model 3] the Biggest one-week Launch of any Product, ever.” This statement is questionable, however
(F) Strong Signals will emerge in 2 years, as Model-3 Cars roll off its Production-Line regarding
(1) Gross-margins and
(2) Production-Rates… But, there are many “assumptions” some of which may not come to fruition
(a) It’s very unlikely that 100% of the Reservations will emerge as deliveries, because of these issues
(b) When will Tesla require “at risk” deposits on the Model-3 Cars ordered
(c) Will the Model-3 actually be delivered at $35,000 promised
(d) How long will it take Tesla to Deliver the first 100,000 Reservations
(e) The Time Tesla consumes to Deliver the FIRST 100,000 Cars will give the remaining 235,000 Reservations reason to “Hang in there…” or Cancel.

🚘 Elon Musk says in another portion of today’s Tweet, going out to his 3.7 Million Twitter Followers of which I’m one… revealed that only 5% of the Model-3 Reservations, reserved TWO Model-3 Cars, the Maximum Tesla Permitted. Musk also tweeted, this suggested "low levels of speculation," or most buyers not looking to flip the car for a profit. The Reservation Agreement states that it is “not transferable.” This Means the Speculators, if any, would have to literally Buy the Car or 2 Cars outright, and thereafter re-Sell it/both as “Pre-Owned Cars” to the third-party.

🚘 Apple is the only other Company that comes to mind with huge product launches. Last September, 2015 [7 months ago] Apple launched their new iPhone 6S. Apple actually Sold & Delivered over 13 Million iPhones in its opening 3-Day weekend. But, this is for iPhones at an average selling price [ASP] of $700/iPhone. However, there was no significant time delay [other than Long Lines] for Store pick-ups or Fed-Ex shipments. Multiply, 13 Million iPhone sales by $700 iPhone ASP, the result is $9 Billion of iPhones Sold, Delivered, with Cash in Apple’s Bank. Apple’s $9 Billion in Sales in their 3-Day Sales Event is Very Impressive !

🚘 1. Front Seat Camera – Model-3 Test Drive: http://youtu.be/TiWOKBMTDvc
🚘 2. Front Seat Camera – Model-3 Test Drive: https://youtu.be/16SWVS56aZU
🚘 3. Rear Seat Camera – Model-3 Test Drive: http://youtu.be/yTRL5u57ukE
🚘 4. Stage Center – Model-3 REVEAL Show: http://youtu.be/dmKvuRw4up4

🚘 Model-3 Demonstration Test-Drives. The 4 Video Clips above have been chosen to show the Best Views of the Test Drives following the TESLA’s REVEAL Thursday, March 31st, late evening. Listen to the in-Car reactions as the Model-3 accelerates. For the first two video clips, front seat passengers recorded the video clips using their iPhones. The third video clip was captured by a rear-seat passenger, which gives an interesting perspective of the all-Glass roof, and the driving experience and the view of the 15″ LCD control panel. The 4th clip is a 23 minute Video captured by TESLA Motors, of ELON MUSK’s presentation and unveiling of their Model-3, a $35,000 affordable Car. The only glimpse of Options, “Under $5000 for All Wheel Drive. The Presentation ended at 9:50pm PDT, and these Model-3 sample drives were conducted immediately after the SHOW.

🚘 TESLA’s Leader Elon Musk Tweeted 4 Days ago, it had received by a factor of “Three-Times” the number of Reservations Musk had originally anticipated, ruffly about 60,000 Reservations. However, the actual number of Reservations is presently over Five-Times Elon Musk’s initial guesstimate. As previously reported in this article [see — Previously Reported — below] this level of Reservations albeit impressive, raises number of ISSUES about Tesla’s initial Production Plan, to meet this increasingly complex Production Goal, namely the likely massive plant expansion plan, capital requirements, building the supply-line to name a few.

🚘 Recall, Tesla actually delivered over 16,700 Model-S Cars in 2014, 25,200 Cars in 2015, and Tesla is on target and delivering 4,100 Model-S per month, over 50,000 Model-S Cars expected in 2016; see graphic above. Add to these impressive Model-S Production increases, Ramping-up Tesla’s Plant Production to 100,000 Model-S cars for 2017. Add to this, literally hundreds of thousands of Model-3 Cars… This is a Massive Production Issue, that Tesla is now facing, for 2018, 2019, and 2020. It’s an exciting Challenge indeed.

🚘 Model 3 Reservation to Contract Conversion Ratio – The number of Reservations that actually convert to Contracts with at-risk Deposits. Tesla stands to generate huge revenues [depending on how many Reservations convert to “at-risk” contracts, and what percentage fall away due to delivery Delays or Repricing of the Model-3 Car, once Cars are actually rolling off the Production-Line]. Recall, with the early days of the Model-S, deliveries were slower than anticipated and promised, and Pricing increased. Profitability remains an open question until actual Delivery Margins are determined.

🚘 Tesla says the number of preorders it has received in its 1st full Week, corresponds to $14 billion in Revenues in future Closed Sales. The Question remains, How Long will it take Tesla to deliver several hundred thousand Model-3 Cars. Tesla boasts that it was able to generate incredible level of Hype for the Model 3 without any dollars spent in Advertisements or "paid endorsements." The company has collected $325 million in cash, albeit refundable, for the Model 3 deposits paid. Fortunately for the more fickle, or the impatient folks that reserved a Car or two, the $1,000 deposits are refundable.

🚘 In the 4 decades that we’ve been reporting, We’ve never witnessed such a high number of reservations for any Automobile. For a very long time, the 12,000 orders written on the launch day of Citroen’s legendary DS in 1955, was considered as the “Sales Record-to-Beat.”

🚘 For the new Ford Fiesta, then the World’s Best Selling Cars, launched in 2011, the Ford Fiesta earned Headlines for receiving “6,000 reservations, and more than 100,000 folks with their hands-raised” signaling these folks “wanted one, months ahead of its actual Launch” as a Ford press release trumpeted then. Those with Hands-Raised did not have $1,000 deposits. By Year-End 2011, the Ford Fiesta sold over 780,000 Cars.

🚘 In perspective, the World’s best-selling electric vehicle, the Nissan Leaf, Sold a total 211,000 Leafs, globally since its launch in 2010, as Nissan spokesman Dion Corbett mentioned at the Tesla reveal.

🚘 TESLA Unveiled its New Model-3 Affordable 4-Door, 5-Passenger Electric Vehicle to a VERY Enthusiastic Crowd. The Model-3 Car is Likewise Very Exciting, earning over 276,000 Reservations, equating to $11.5 Billion in Production Value, as of End-of-Day Saturday. These figures were received Sunday from Elon Musk at 2:28pm by his Tweet.

🚘 Elon Musk mentioned Sunday… “We will have to Totally Rethink the Production Plan…” in light of the huge number of Reservations. Before the Model-3 was open to pre-orders, Musk was imagining 50-to-60,000 pre-orders, towards their target GOAL of 500,000 Model-3 Cars, with a MULTI-Year delivery plan. Without question, the Buying Public is very excited about TESLA, the brand and the success of the Model-S; Model-3 pre-orders have already consumed more than half of TESLA’s sales Goal. TESLA has an Exciting Problem.

🚘 Perspective on Production Rates – TESLA delivered a bit over 50,000 Model-S Cars this year, equating to roughly 4,100 Cars/Month, it’s recent production rate. Let’s say TESLA is able to Scale-UP its Production Plant for Model-3 Cars, to 6,000 Model-3 Cars/Month (1,500/Week or 200/Day), I’d rate this figure as Optimistic on my part.

🚘 Let’s try a Production Volume of 1,500/Week representing a 150% increase over the current TESLA production figures for the Model-S and X Cars. 1,500 Cars/Week is still TOO much to expect, but… When your Company just booked just under 300,000 Reservations for your “New Baby” in only a few Days, management Energy level is Super-Hot, like Solar.

🚘 Let’s go with 6k Model-3 Cars per month as a 1st year Production GOAL; That’s roughly 150% of TESLA’s current production rate of the Model-S; granted the Model-3 may be a somewhat less complex assembly than the Model-S, but …

🚘 How long will it take to construct the necessary Factory Expansion? How long will it take to Acquire, Install and Program the Robotic Machinery? and then there is the MONEY Part. Plant and Equipment are not cheep, particularly when you’re in a Hurry. Tick-Tock-Tick-Tock…

🚘 At a Production Rate of 1,500 Model-3 Cars/Week, assuming TESLA is capable of scaling up to this level, it may likely take TESLA a number years, for Tesla to deliver all the Model-3 Reservations… An exciting problem to have. TESLA has Logistics issues in ramping up Production, the facilities, robotics, tooling, and personnel, to meet the demand of 276,000 pre-orders, which may grow to 400,000 Reservations before a shovel goes in the Ground for the Plant Expansion.

🚘 The graphic above provides a glimpse of how well TESLA sales compare against other brands of Luxury Vehicles over a two year period, 2014 and 2015. TESLA reports that it’s 2016 Sales of their Model-S and Model-X vehicles will comfortably exceed 50,000 Electric Cars.

🚘 Let’s not forget the Financing issues with Plant Expansion, Tooling, Robotics, Infrastructure, combined with the Dollars needed to increase the Plant Facilities, and Purchasing the Raw Materials for its custom components, the 8000 unique parts Supply-Line to Fabricate the Model-3 Cars.

🚘 I’ve been inside the finance industry as Director, Vice Chairman of the Board, CEO of several financial institutions. Sadly: When a Client is in a really Big Hurry with an Exciting Project, the Bankers are inversely proportional as to their Enthusiasm, and seem to move as slow as molasses in January. When you have your Luncheons & Dinner meetings, they seem sooo slooow… With such profound needs, “we don’t really want to Eat…” and then, they’ll get back to you with Q&A in a week or soooo… when we Need the Dollar Commitments in Days not Months… I’m getting a really big headache just thinking about all of this. ELON MUSK, I feel your Pain.

🚘 The Parochial Automotive Industry would love to have these issues. Aside from logistics, which is a huge undertaking, Financing becomes the FIRST major issue… $Billions, Lots of $Billions. Without huge levels of Fresh Capital in Hand, none of this begins. Without Question, Tesla will get the Funding Requirements they need, once they Qualify a Pool of the Reservations. Elon Musk and his Team are not sleeping much these days… Tick, tock, tick, tock… no time to waist.

🚘 OK, Let’s get Realistic. Elon Musk and his team thought they’d may have 60,000+ Reservations, and they’d add onto their existing facilities, department by department, expand here, expand there, move this, move that… Isn’t that nice… BUT

🚘 With the 300,000+ Reservations for M-3 Cars in only a few DAYS, a number FIVE TIMES more than anyone on the Team imagined, much less planned for. That’s the Key, no planning for this Huge figure. So Everything changes. That beautifully bound M-3 Production Plan is Totally obsolete.

🚘 TESLA’s Model-3 Production Plan needs to be totally rethought, so says Elon Musk by his Tweet, that’s a challenge. Tesla figuratively speaking has to “Build another FACTORY but BIGGER” than most of those buildings pictured below. How does TESLA do this FAST?

🚘 Important First Step. TESLA needs to “Qualify” a portion of the Reservations List. Convert a Pool of Reservations into Non-Refundable Contracts. For TESLA to engage in this Huge Plant Expansion, it needs to know How Many Reservations will become Real Sales. TESLA needs to know the Buyers are similarly committed to their Model-3 (Reservations) as Tesla is in their Delivery.

🚘 Let’s Play… Proceed with the first Pool of 80,000 Reservations, in Date Order. Congratulate each for being among the First to receive the Model-3. Tesla should not do this with a number of Pools of Reservations, as Tesla firms up their Plant Expansion Plan, Financing Commitments, Timing for both, Plant Production Rate, and a Schedule for the Model-3 Car Assembly…

🚘 Send 80,000 Reservation Holders a Conditional Sales Contract, each selects their Options, Add down for the “Total Purchase Price” of their Model-3. Let’s say the Total Price is, on average $42,000. Require a 15% Non-Refundable Deposit. For a $42k Car, the Deposit equals $6,300 including the $1000 Reservation deposit. The Client writes a non-Refundable Check in the amount of $5,300 to TESLA, and agrees that their $1,000 Reservation previously paid, becomes non-refundable. Alternatively, the Client passes on the deal and requests the return of their $1,000 deposit.

🚘 For more Confidence in Qualifying these Reservation Pools, increase the non-refundable deposit to 20%, probably the limit due to the lengthy delivery window. Use 15% for the First 80,000 reserved-pool, then increase to 20% for the next 80k reserved pool. May as well separate the Men from the Boys, sooner than later. These folks are not buying Chevy VOLTs that are sitting on car Lots – TESLA is building Custome Model-3 cars to Buyer Specification. Perhaps Elon Musk should sign a 3″ Tesla Logo, a Decal, and attach it to inside of the windshields, a sign of TESLA’s appreciation.

🚘 TESLA Must Know who are Committed Buyers and who are not. If 80%* of the 80,000 First Pool of Reservations become Buyers, then TESLA is fairly confident that 64,000 Model-3 Cars Buyers are committed with “at-risk” Contracts equating to $2.688 Billion Sales, with $403.2 Million in Non-Refundable Deposits. For this first Pool of Reservations, TESLA should have confidence in moving forward for their extensive Plant Expansion. Also, the 80%* Conversion Ratio (my guesswork) should give Tesla a “feel” for the balance of the Reservations. Recall we arbitrarily picked 80%*. No one really know.*

🚘 The CLOCK is TESLA’s enemy, as it surely does not want to loose [any portion of] these Pre-Sales, because of the Company’s failure to deliver in a reasonable amount of time. Think about it. It may take Tesla 18 months just to Build the Robotics, the Plant, the Infrastructure, the Power, the Water Resources, the Raw Materials, the Chemistry, the Storage Facilities, the Fire Protection. All to support an additional 6,000 Cars/Month Output, 150% more than the Model-S assembly-line production-rate (4,100 Cars/Mo) is currently handling. Imagine these logistics… OMG, let’s not forget building up the supply-line for all of the Model-3’s roughly 8,000 custom parts. All right enough Drama. It’s more fun to talk about that amazing Model-3

🚘 Model-3 combines real world Driving Range, 215 miles to 350 miles per Charge, Performance, Safety and Spaciousness into a premium sedan that only TESLA can build. TESLA’s most affordable car yet, Model 3 achieves a minimum of 215 miles of range per charge while Priced at only $35,000 before Tax incentives. Isn’t that nice… Ooops, here’s some more Drama.

🚘 Who in their Right Mind would think to Worry about Exceeding the Federal Limit for Buyers receiving their Tax Credits. Well, the Limit is apparently 200,000 Green Cars for each Manufacturer. It may be that 1/3rd of the Model-3 Reservations may not have the Tax Credit they counted on. Apparently the US Federal Tax Credit only applies to the first 200,000 Tesla Cars delivered. They’ll need a good Lawyer or two, to examine the Tax Code to see if the 50,000 Model-S deliveries have already “eaten into” the GREEN limit of 200,000 Cars per Company.

🚘 The Whitehouse wants everyone to Drive “GREEN” well here is a terrific opportunity for the President, the TESLA Model-3 is for the masses… Immediately below is the Link so you can Sign the Petition directed to the White House, making an appeal to extend [or remove] the current 200,000 limit/Car Model, that provides for a $7,500 Tax Credit; it’s very simple to complete, see the image below. We have a Readership of over 100,000 so let’s have everyone sign on… https://petitions.whitehouse.gov/petition/increase-ev-tax-credit-cap-manufacturer

🚘 Model-3 is designed to attain the highest safety ratings in every category. After 10 years of hard work, Tesla has finally “revealed” the Model-3, the vehicle that CEO Elon Musk now knows, will take the Electric Vehicle, “EV” to the masses. When you see the interior of the Model-3, it’s like you are visualizing a Car decades into the Future.

🚘 Everything that controls the Car, except for Steering, is displayed on a 15″ Touch Screen, otherwise the “dash-board” is literally clear of any buttons, nobs, and gauges. TESLA engineers mention that the User Interface in the reveal, is not necessarily in final form. Looking at the Picture below, this is not an “Artists Rendering” of the Cockpit of the Model-3. The image below is the actual Model-3 Drivers Seat. When you view the Video Clips later in this article, you will see the Driver in this Car.

🚘 Truly futuristic. Remember this Car is equipped with true Auto-Pilot logistics and hardware. Most of the Car’s functions are selected by computer-Touch-Screen-control, shown on the 15″ high resolution LCD display, which has been brought Forward close to the Driver, so it’s in easy reach of the Driver, without having to lean-forward, an issue with the Model-S’s 17″ display mounted in the console.

🚘 At the unveiling of the Model-3 late Thursday evening and into the early morning of April 1st, at the company’s design studio in Hawthorne, California, TESLA’s CEO, Elon Musk said the car will deliver at least 215 miles range beginning at just $35,000, a bold claim, and an important milestone for Tesla to achieve. Musk is “confident” that deliveries will begin by the end of 2017, and “you will not be able to buy a better car for $35,000, even if you select no options.” “And it will be one of the safest cars in the world in every category” according to Musk.

🚘 Tesla reported more than 276,000 Pre-Orders have been placed, where buyers put $1,000 down, as of April 3rd, and that number will likely continue to increase. To bring these figures into perspective, as we are talking about Automobiles, not iPhones, 276,000 pre-Ordered Cars equates to roughly $276 Million in paid Deposits held for 20 months, equating to over $11.5 Billion in pre-sales, (Elon Musk is assuming $41.6k/Car). Pre-Sales of this magnitude is Huge, and Never heard of in the Auto Industry.

🚘 TESLA is creating the excitement that is routinely generated at Apple Product Releases. However, this is about Cars, not iPhones. The “standard” Model-3 will accelerate from 0-60 mph in less than 6 seconds, with upgraded versions that will go “much faster.”

🚘 Model-3 Options – If you choose the 4-wheel drive AWD option (ElonMusk said today this option will be priced under $5k) includes a front mounted electric motor, in addition to the “standard” rear-mounted main electric motor.

🚘 Model-3 Range will be at least 215 miles/charge, but Tesla Engineers hope to exceed this number in the final Production Car, with the advancement of the Battery technology, and optimized electronics over the next 18 months of pre-development. One of the Options will be a Larger Lithium battery array to extend the Range to 300+ miles/charge. No word yet on the option price for the larger LiON Battery.

🚘 All Model-3 cars will include [the internal electronics package] support for Tesla’s high-speed Supercharger Stations, because “it’s about going where you want to go,” according to Musk. With the Model-S the supercharger internal charging package was a $2,500+ option; For the Model-3 its included in the “standard” Car. By the end of 2017, when the Model-3 begins Car deliveries, Tesla says it will have a total of 7,200 Supercharger Stations in operation, which is double the number available today, and 15,000 charging locations.

🚘 Like the Model-S, the Model-3 will come with a powerful Rear-Wheel Drive electric Motor and an optional all-wheel drive version, plus there’s a 15″ landscape touchscreen LCD driver’s control-display an interesting change from the 17″ portrait touchscreen as in the Model-S and X. Autopilot hardware is standard, plus all safety features will be active automatically. Five adults will fit comfortably, “comfortably is the important part here,” says Musk.

🚘 The front-to-rear roof area, from the windshield all the way to the trunk, will be one continuous piece of structural-glass. And, just like the Model-S, the Model-3 will have front and rear trunks for storage. “More cargo capacity than any gasoline car of the same external dimensions,” says Musk. You can even fit a 7-foot long surfboard on the inside of the Model-3.

🚘 The two current Tesla vehicles, the Model-S and Model-X, are both relatively expensive. Even with tax incentives, both cars easily push $100,000. In order for Tesla to deliver 10-times as many cars as it now delivers, it needed a less expensive automobile in the lineup. That’s where the Model-3 comes in. The Model-3 is the future for TESLA.

🚘 Don’t expect to get your hands on a Model-3 until sometime in 2018 considering that there are over 276,000 pre-orders ahead of you. The Model-3 is expected to begin production in the 4th quarter of 2017, roughly 20 months from now. Tesla is currently accepting pre-orders for a modest $1,000 refundable down payment. Tesla plans to more than double the size of its retail Sales Stores and Service Centers [in the TESLA network] by the end of 2017, to Sell and Service all these new TESLA cars.

🚘 At the unveiling of the Model-3 Thursday evening, Elon Musk thanked Model-S and Model-X purchasers as these Sales Revenues helped to fund the development of the new Model-3 car. The Model-3 is the culmination of a full decade of hard work. Elon Musk is betting $Billions on TESLA, and it needs to deliver. The future of Tesla Motors, quite literally “rides on the success” of the Model-3. The incredible number of pre-sales, over 276,000, is an strong indication, TESLA is on its way to becoming a huge participant in the EV Automobile industry.

🚘 The Model-3 is the car Tesla Motors has promised since the company’s founding, the car that CEO Elon Musk is convinced, will push EVs into the mainstream and the technology to an inflection point. This is the car Musk believes will change the world. “It’s very important to accelerate the transition to sustainable transport,” Musk said on stage. “This is really important for the future of the world.” To View this TESLA Event on YouTube, and there are more Links below: https://goo.gl/uo5suC

🚘 In person and on paper, the Model-3 is a real “shocker”. It’s a very handsome sedan, with four doors, five seats, and all the creature comforts and practicality you’d expect of an upscale mid-size sedan. The Electric Propulsion, Battery System, and the Drive train are capable of 0-to-60 mph acceleration, at under 6-Seconds, plus a range of 215 miles/charge. It’s packed with technology, style, and at a bargain price as Tesla delivers it at the $35,000 base price, Musk promises you’ll pay. Musk also estimates that $6,600 in options will bring the average delivery price to $41,600.

🚘 For the first 200,000 sales of the Model-3 there will be a federal tax credit, according to current Law. The specs and price are key, because so far Tesla Motors has aimed squarely at the affluent buyer. The company’s first three models, the innovative Roadster sports car, exquisite Model-S sedan, and tech-slinging Model-X SUV, made electric cars fun, cool, and compelling. The Model-3 is meant to do something greater: sell to the masses, using electric car propulsion.

🚘 TESLA Model-3 is a very innovative passenger car. During its unveiling two days ago, we were able to capture several videos of brief guest-drives around the TESLA grounds in the late evening. The links below are YouTube videos to see the Model-3 captured from the front-passenger seat, and the back-seat. While watching these brief clips, take notice of the “Dash Board” other than the 15″ display to the right of the Driver’s view, the Dash-Board in front of the steering-wheel is totally blank, clean, no clutter whatsoever, as all of the controls and gauges are visible on the 15″ LCD display [which has been pushed forward towards the Driver] at “Screen-Center-Right” literally, within Easy Reach to the Driver without having to lean-forward.

🚘 TESLA Model-3 Revealed. Below are 5 of the Best Video Clip Links we’ve found, showing the First Reveal of TESLA’s new Model-3 in action, on the SHOW Stage and on the Road. These Videos are the Best part of this Article, as you’ll get to experience the Reveal SHOW Event as if you were there, plus the experiences of the Test Drives of several of the participants that attended the SHOW. Looking at the Dash Board, it is very Futuristic… what a Car would look like decades from now, but TESLA’s Model-3 is quite literally NOW.

🚘 First Look of Model-3 On-Stage: http://youtu.be/Jd_RXG_WZqQ

🚘 TMC Test-Drive of Model-3: http://youtu.be/TiWOKBMTDvc

🚘 First Test-Drive of Model-3: https://youtu.be/16SWVS56aZU

🚘 Second Test-Drive of Model-3: http://youtu.be/yTRL5u57ukE

🚘 TESLA Model-3 Unveiling 24 Minute Show: http://youtu.be/dmKvuRw4up4

🚘 Tesla is not alone, in hoping to do the remarkable and frankly, it was “beaten in the race” to build a $30K EV Auto with a triple-digit range by General Motors. However, this stat is where the comparison ends. In January, the Detroit stalwart introduced the 2017 Chevrolet VOLT, a battery electric hatchback with a range of 200 miles/charge, and a price of $37,500 and that’s where the comparison ends.

🚘 Musk isn’t the slightest bit worried about competition, and to be fair, has little reason to be. The Volt is impressive, but Tesla has the proven ability to get people very excited, and there’s no denying the company has a cachet many automakers only dream of…

🚘 Have You Ever seen thousands of people lining up outside Automobile Dealerships, waiting to place a $1,000 deposit on a Car they haven’t even seen yet… something that happened at many Tesla Stores last week. By the time Musk pulled the white-sheet off the Model-3 Thursday evening at the sprawling Space X campus in Hawthorne, California, 115,000 customers had already put their money down [$1000/car] and within 36 hours of the unveiling over 276,000 Model-3 Cars have been pre-Ordered, equating to about $11.5 Billion in pre-sales.

🚘 Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning founded Tesla Motors in 2003. Musk, flush with cash after selling PayPal to eBay for $1.4 billion, joined in early 2004 as its chairman and primary benefactor. He took over as CEO in 2008, shortly after the debut of the company’s first car, the Roadster. The two-seater was a “proof of concept” designed to show that these 2,400 Sports Car, EVs, could be cool. It was based on the Lotus Elise, as it could hit 60 mph in 3.7 Seconds, and squeezed a 245 range from a 950 pound LiON battery. Car & Driver called it “a revelation”. Tesla sold about 2,400 of these Sports Roadsters at $100k/car, in 4 years.

🚘 Then came the Model-S, a truly remarkable sedan good for almost 300 miles on a charge. Even now, four years after its debut, the sedan remains a marvel. It’s everything most people would ever dream of in a Car… It’s roomy, comfortable, practical, quick, and reliable, and gorgeous. Motor Trend and Automobile Magazine called it the “Car of the Year” in 2013, and Consumer Reports gave it its best Rating Score of 99+ the highest rating ever for any Car it tested in its entire 19 year history of testing.

🚘 TESLA’s 17″ LCD Display and user-interface and performance has steadily improved on the Model-S, using over-the-air [cellular] software updates similar to iPhone iOS updates to its operating system, to make every Model-S perform even better and to enhance the User-Interface of the 17″ display. Tesla made hardware changes too, offering an optional front-motor to provide four-wheel drive, motors in the Rear and Front, bigger batteries for greater range, improved electronics, and true Auto-Pilot delivering auto-self-driving capabilities. The 0 to 60 time plunged to a stomach-dropping 2.8 seconds, on par with mid-six-figure exotic cars.

🚘 Meanwhile, Tesla built an international network of 1,600 “superchargers” where owners can plug-in and charge the battery for free where one could charge their Tesla battery to 80% (230 miles of driving) in roughly 30 minutes. Tesla fought with local governments, for the right to sell cars directly to customers [without Dealerships]. It acquired an enormous factory once occupied by GM and Toyota. TESLA broke ground and almost fully completed, its “Gigafactory” where it works with Panasonic to build an unimaginable number of Lithium batteries, more battery power than all other Lithium Battery power factories combined, globally, in TESLA’s single humongous plant. In October, 2015 it introduced the Model-X, a handsome, falcon-winged SUV based on the Model-S, with Gull-Winged rear doors. With hundreds of thousand Model-3D preorders, TESLA will need their Gigafactory, which is their plan.





🚘 Tesla Model S Ranks Best Overall Car for 2014 by Consumer Reports, among 260 autos tested ~ Not only did Tesla Rank #1 Tesla scored the Highest Score ever Achieved in the Magazine’s 18 years of testing Cars ~ Plus What’s Not to Like about Driving for 3Âą/mile when Gas costs 16Âą/mile 🚘

🚘 Tesla Model S an all Electric LiON Battery Powered Car, Ranks as the Best Overall Car for 2014 by Consumer Reports, among 260 automobiles tested, whether fueled by electric batteries, gas or diesel fuel, or a hybrid of two fuels. Not only did Tesla Rank #1, it scored the Highest Score ever recorded in CR’s 18 year history of testing Cars.

🚘 Don’t know what TESLA is… In Physics Class we learned about the Tesla Coil, a high-voltage frequency generator. The Tesla Coil is one of Nikola Tesla’s most famous invention in 1891. See Tesla and his inventions below.

🚘 Elon Musk’s Tesla Motors Inc. (TSLA:US) has earned the ardor of investors and the highest U.S. safety ratings. It can also add the honor of having the best-reviewed car of the year by automobile testers at Consumer Reports, earning the Highest score ever of 99 given in Consumer Reports 18 year history of reviewing Cars.

🚘 Consumer Report summarizes their study saying "Sure, you can talk about this electric luxury car’s blistering acceleration, razor-sharp handling, compliant ride, and versatile cabin, which can fit a third-row of seats. But that just scratches the surface of this technological tour de force."

🚘 Consumer Reports editors further say "The Tesla is brimming with innovation. Its massive, easy-to-use 17" touch-screen controls most of the car’s functions. Tesla is totally keyless in operation, locking, unlocking, starting, full Internet access, and ultra-quiet, zero-emission driving experience, the Tesla is a glimpse into a future where cars and computers coexist in seamless harmony. Its 275-mile driving range and 3-hour charges, using Tesla’s special connector, also make it the easiest, most practical, albeit pricey, electric car to live with."

🚘 “It’s truly a groundbreaking car,” Jake Fisher, Consumer Reports’ director of auto testing who oversaw this year’s review of 260 vehicles, said an interview. “You get into it, and it really stands out. It’s the very best car I’ve ever driven.”

🚘 Consumer Reports tests and evaluates cars for how well they drive, interior-finish quality, safety and reliability. The model rankings influence car buyers and are published in the Yonkers, New York-based magazine’s annual auto issue.

🚘 It was interesting researching how Consumer Reports tests each of the 260 vehicles this year. Each car is driven about 6000 miles while the evaluation teams assess every imaginable function and quality of the cars under examination.

🚘 Today’s TESLA is a very exciting Luxury Battery Powered automobile with a 275 mile range.

🚘 In appearance the Tesla does not just "gets on terms" with the two-plus-two Aston, it almost cinches it. The sweeping lines and a callipygous rear give the Tesla the look of a concept car. But this is no Concept car with limited delivery, as Tesla has ramped up production to over 25,000 units/year. The door handles motor-out to meet you (one of a number of motorized functions) and the doors swing wide.

🚘 Inside is Tesla’s cabin Very Unconventional, it’s almost the appearance of a Science Fiction Futuristic Auto. The seating are cantilever-mounted onto a flat-floor, with an uncluttered full-width floor space. A dramatic digital instrument panel in front of the driver central-displays show charge level, power usage, range, and speed.

🚘 The central facia has the appearance of a very large Touch-Screen iPad, (but its not) with simple and classy Apple-style graphics, that controls most of the Car’s functions, Mapping, Directions, tailored to go with Mercedes-Benz-styled switches and steering column stalks.

🚘 Tesla Model S electric car is “the answer” I’ve personally been looking for. I have remained on the side-lines with all electric cars because of two reasons: (1) most of the offerings look like "soup-cans with wheels and windows" (not so with the Tesla, as its stunningly attractive inside and out) and (2) they have such a limited Range most under 100 miles, one "can not drive it out of town" (not so with the Tesla as it can deliver 300 miles in Range.

🚘 One wonders if the other Car-makers have been sleeping on the job. With Tesla’s share-price on fire after recently announcing plans for a new battery “gigafactory” (now, that’s a factory), confirming next year’s SUV, the Model-X, and a smaller, cheaper model (like $36k) for 2017. Today there’s barely a Silicon-Valley baron or Hollywood Star without a Model S in their Garage.

🚘 Tesla is Fueled by a huge, flat, Lithium Ion battery, a single unit that delivers 85,000 Watt-hours of power. The Battery lines almost the entire bottom of the floor-board; however, the Battery is very well protected. To put this Battery in perspective, a 85kWhr of battery power is equivalent to about 16,200 iPhone-LiON-Batteries all linked together into a single huge flat-battery-array.

🚘 The LiON battery in the Tesla Model-S contains a unique LiON battery-chemistry so that it delivers power and takes recharge cycles for at least 8 years, equivalent to the Tesla battery-warranty, with unlimited miles.

🚘 Surely, now that Tesla has proven to the marketplace that an attractive well designed Car with good range can be delivered in mass quantities. Also, since Tesla is expanding its assembly plants to grow production by 50% this year and next, Battery Technology will be the focus for these fine Cars. Surely, Tesla wants to increase its Model-S Range to 400 miles then to 500 miles, since Electric fueling stations are not as populated as Gasoline stations.

🚘 When viewing Tesla’s Model-S at the retail-store in our Boca Raton Town Center Mall, they have several fully assembled, ready to drive Cars, and two Cars that were apparently taken off the assembly-line, displaying the beautifully engineered frame, battery array, the steering points, the motor and inverter package at the car’s rear-end. Very Impressive displays making it clear to anyone, engineer or house-wife, that this Car is an engineering marvel, that gives the quality feeling that Apple delivers with their products, with an obvious display of an incredible level of attention to every minute element of detail.

🚘 Tesla SuperChargers recharges Model S quickly, Super quickly. Superchargers are for refueling quickly on road trips. A Supercharger can replenish 50% the 85 kWh battery in about 25 minutes. All Model S vehicles with the 85 kWh battery can use SuperChargers as can properly equipped 60 kWh battery vehicles. SuperCharger (Electric) Fuel Stations will be positioned at convenient locations along major interstates throughout the country.

🚘 Tesla SuperCharger stations the Cost for a "Full Tank of Electricity" is FREE, although it costs Tesla say $300,000 per station. Tesla considers this fueling feature as a Marketing Expense, to make it clear to Tesla Owners, and those interested in buying a Tesla Car, that they can get a "Fill-Up" when going out of town. In a Hurry, no problem, the Super-Charger Stations will have two "Fueling" modes, Plug in your Tesla Model S for 20 minutes for 100 miles of Range, 40 minutes for 200 miles of Range or 60 minutes to "Fill the Tank" in this case a fully recharged battery.

🚘 Tesla’s Free Fueling feature is considered a "Marketing Expense" where these costs are not "built into the price of their cars." Recall that a fill-up costs Tesla about $9, assuming an electric utility cost of 11Âą per kilowatt, typical in the USA.

🚘 A major Free-Fueling costs facing Tesla is the development of the Fueling Station Network, the real estate and construction costs, estimated to be approximately $300,000 per station. This expense could be amortized over say 20 years, making this a $15,000/year per Station, expense to the financial statement.

🚘 SuperCharger Stations. If Tesla builds 500 SuperCharger Nation-Wide Network, the depreciation expense would be on the order of $7.5 million/year. If every SuperCharger Station with 3-fueling lanes were charging for 24 hours/day, this represents 26,000 fill-ups/year per Station; Assuming the electric-utility cost is $9/Fill-Up, then each staton would expense $234,000/year per station, which equates to about $115 million/year for the Nation-Wide network of 500 SuperCharger stations.

🚘 With 150,000 Tesla Cars on the Road planned, the Annual expense for SuperCharger Stations equates to about $800/Tesla, a Very imaginative use of marketing dollars. This represents a 1% marketing component per car, not a large figure indeed. By the end of 2015 Tesla will have enough SuperCharger Stations to cover 98% of the Population in the US and portions of Canada.

🚘 Tesla SuperCharger Stations have another Amazing feature, the capability of the Model-S receiving a 100% Full-Charge in 95 Seconds with a "Battery Replacement" performed at the station. Just pull-up over a designated area, and your Model-S’ Battery is dropped-down with automation, and a New Fully-Charged Battery is pushed-backup into your Model-S in about 1 minute 30 seconds. Tesla literally swaps your car’s battery for a new battery that has been already fully-charged.

🚘 I witnessed two Model-S cars in line at a Tesla SuperCharger Station, (a video-clip is provided below) that received Lion Battery swaps for two Tesla’s in line, requiring about 3 minutes total time for both Model-S cars, 90 seconds each. Filling your 23 Gallon Tank with Gasoline takes about 4 minutes. This service costs $80 for the 85 kWhr battery-swap or $60 for the 60 kWhr battery. When you return from your trip, go back to the same SuperCharger Station that swapped your battery, and the station then re-Swaps your Car’s original LiON battery fully-charged.

🚘 The $80 cost for the 90 second fill-up costs about 26Âą/mile if you’re in a hurry. Not in a hurry go for the SuperCharger and wait 30 to 45 minutes to "Top-Off your Tank" for Free. While you have a travel-break, at the Coffee shot near-by. Recall, if you have an iPhone, the App will keep you posted on the Battery Level as it Fills with electric-power. How Cool is that!

🚘 If you decide to retain the NEW LiON Battery, in other words, you don’t re-Swap batteries, Tesla will "Charge" you (pardon the pun) the price difference between your original LiON battery, and the price of a New LiON battery. This may be your plan, say in Year Two or Three, as aged LiON Batteries may only accept 90% to 95% charges. No figures are available on this option, as these swap-stations are scheduled for later in 2015.

🚘 The Cost of a new 85 kWhr LiON Battery is $12,000. If you decide to retain the New Battery Swap, the question is what is the "trade-in" value for your existing Model-S battery that’s 2 or 3 years old. The SuperCharger Battery Swap capability commences in 2015 nation-wide, so the financial models are not set as to the price for the battery swap, if you decide keep the new battery. Since the Model-S battery is warrantied for 8 years, if charging performance diminishes in Range, I’d be looking to the factory warranty to replace the battery.

🚘 Tesla is developing hundreds of SuperCharger Stations in the USA as an amazing marketing campaign as the "Fill-Ups" are Free. Think about it, travel to Grandma’s with no cost for Fuel, in Tesla’s case, electricity.

🚘 The Control Panel in each Tesla Model-S has a beautiful Google Maps styled GPS Map, showing in real-time, every location of a SuperCharger Station, and your location of the Model-S, giving detailed directions if necessary, and your Tesla’s Range to arrive the SuperCharger station. The GPS is also functional to input your destination. For the local folks in south Florida, there is a SuperCharger Station near MACY’s Front door in the parking garage of the Town Center Mall, and two others 25 miles south in Fort Lauderdale and 25 miles north of Boca Raton.

🚘 Tesla Superchargers allow Model S owners to travel for free between cities along well-traveled highways in North America and Europe. Superchargers provide a 50% charge in as few as 20 minutes and are strategically placed to allow owners to drive from station to station with minimal stops, or fear of running our of "Fuel." The Coverage for North America already provides for Coast-to-Coast driving. Here are Tesla’s Plans for SuperCharger station development:

✔ Today, First Quarter, 2014 – 78 stations, Coast-to-coast travel now enabled
✔ 2014 – 80% of the US population Covered plus portions of Canada
✔ 2015 – 98% of the US population Covered plus parts of Canada

🚘 Superchargers are located near amenities like roadside diners, cafes, and shopping centers. Road Trippers can stop for a quick meal and have their Model S charged when they’re done.

🚘 Tesla Model S cost for a Fill-Up equates to about $0.0311/mile. For a 275 mile range assuming you use Airconditioning, 275x$0.0311 equates to a Fill-Up cost of $8.50, assuming the Electric utility charge of 11±/kWatt, that Tesla pays for, a typical rate in south Florida. To Fill-Up your typical gasoline 4-Door Sedan automobile with 12.5 Gallons of Gas priced at $3.85/gallon costs $48.00, assuming the MPG is about 22 mpg vehicle, delivering the same range.

🚘 To this point in this Article its been all about Good Looks and the Battery. Lets now turn our attention to the Motor. One of the Demands by Elan Musk to his engineering team, is to have this vehicle powered by a strong engine, so that the buyer of a Tesla Model-S will not feel like there has been compromise in power or performance. Let it be said that a 416hp electric Motor rotating at around 6500 RPM generates an amazing level of Acceleration. There is simply NO Compromise with this electric engine.

🚘 Model S is a rear wheel drive electric vehicle. The liquid-cooled powertrain includes the battery, motor, drive inverter, and gear box. 60 kWh or 85 kWh microprocessor controlled, lithium-ion battery, a rear mounted 3-phase, 4-pole AC induction-motor with a copper rotor, creating 416hp; That’s dramatic amount of Horse Power, a Power Drive Inverter with variable frequency drive, a regenerative braking system, and a single-speed-reduction, Fixed-Gear ratio of 9.73:1 reduction ratio.

🚘 Tesla Model-S Power Train and Motor. The Electric motor powering the Model-S is a 416hp alternating current, variable frequency design. The motor itself weighs approximately 250 pounds, with a Copper-Wound Rotor, the internal component that rotates with a Gear on its shaft. Interesting that the Motor is Super-Power A/C motor, and the Battery is a 85 kWhr LiON direct current. Directly right of the rear-mounted Motor is a Power-Inverter that transforms up to 1200 Amps of DC electricity to A/C power, powering the Motor.

🚘 The Motor has a Running Rate of 5,000 to 8,000 RPM. There is Single-Gear reduction of 9.73 to 1 (no gear-shifting as with typical automobile transmissions). Therefore with a Rotor that weighs about 50 pounds rotating at an average speed of say 6,500RPM causes the drive shaft to rotate at about 500 RPM to 800RPM, this represents an incredible amount of power on the Wheels.

🚘 The Tesla motor’s Rotor weighing in at about 50 pounds, that is spinning at an average of 6500RPM, generates a huge level of power on the rear wheels. The velocity of Tesla’s motor, the RPM is controlled by changing the Frequency of the Alternating Current combined with the amount of Amperes of electric current, up to 1,200 amps when desiring fast acceleration from a dead-stop or changing lanes on a highway. This combination of factors controls the power, the driver desires by pressing one’s foot on the accelerator-pedal. Lots of very unique electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, and design, to accomplish this seamlessly to the Driver, and totally Quietly. The lack of any Engine and Transmission Noise is very strange at first.

🚘 Recall that a typical gasoline motor runs from 800 RPM to 3,500 RPM, that runs very hot, in combination with a 5-speed transmission and a Transaxle, that also becomes very hot as it consumes energy, a very inefficient method of changing the rotation of the drive-shaft, wasting about 40% of the gasoline engine’s power. What a waist of power and fuel.

🚘 Think about it, with a 400hp gasoline engine, 160hp is lost because of the inefficiencies of the transmission and the transaxle. Which means that only 240hp of power, of the 400ph gasoline engine, gets to the wheels. With Tesla’s electric engine 90% of the power gets directly to the rear wheels.

🚘 Tesla’s precocious car maker has Big ambitions. He originated PayPal 11-years ago making hundreds of $Millions. In top-spec $124,000 as-tested form, this 16ft 4in long, five-door battery-electric coupĂ© will not only out drag a $250,000 loaded Aston Martin, but Tesla carries two more passengers or twice as much stuff and, at 4,200 pounds, weighs not much more.

🚘 Stand on it, and the Aston will drain its 20 gallon tank of unleaded in about 250 miles, well within the realistic driving range of the 85kWh Tesla S range of 275 mile. What’s not to like about battery motoring? Not to mention that the Tesla Model-S, a luxury-sedan, goes from Zero to 60 MPH in 4.7 seconds.

🚘 The Tesla Model S electric sedan is Number One in Consumer Reports, in this year’s automotive rankings. Not only Tesla being in first place, but received the highest score ever recorded in its 18 year history of evaluating 260 vehicles.

🚘 The magazine cited the Model S’s sporty performance and technological innovations, including its 275 mile range. Consumer Reports acknowledged that the car is expensive and paid $89,650 for the Model S that the Magazine tested.

🚘 For less than a third of that price, the Toyota Prius hybrid got the nod as Consumer Reports’ top green car. The magazine also cited strong fuel economy in naming the Honda Accord as the top midsize car and the BMW328i as the best sports sedan.

🚘 The rankings, now in their 18th year, pick Consumer Reports’ favorites among the 260 vehicles its team has recently tested. The rankings are closely watched in the auto industry, since shoppers consistently cite Consumer Reports as a main source of car-buying advice.

🚘 Consumer Reports actually buys the test-vehicles anonymously, and performs more than 50 tests on each, including evaluations of braking, handling and comfort, among en elaborate array of tests and examinations. Consumer Reports’ testing team literally drives each vehicle for roughly 6,000 miles, in assessing the vehicle’s performance on the road in a wide variety of environments and road conditions.

🚘 Tesla Model S Ranks Best Overall Car for 2014 by Consumer Reports among 260 autos tested. Not only did Tesla Rank #1, Tesla scored a value of 99 the Highest Score ever Achieved in the Magazine’s 18 years of testing Cars.

🚘 Plus What’s Not to Like about Driving a Tesla Model-S Electric Car for 3Âą/mile when Gasoline Cars cost over 16Âą/mile, that’s over 500% more expensive.

🚘 Did I mention that Tesla has an iPhone App that will permit you to find the car with GPS that remains active even when the Car is parked and shut-down. The Tesla App will permit you to TURN-ON Tesla’s Air Conditioning system when the Car is parked and Locked.

🚘 With your Tesla, if you’re at a lunch meeting with car parked outdoors in the direct Sun in the summer time, you can use your iPhone Tesla App, Power-Up Tesla’s A/C System say 10 minutes before the end of your Luncheon, so that the Car is Cooled-down when you retrieve your Tesla from the parking lot. The App also permits you to Honk the Horn or Flash the Lights, to either scare away possible intruders, or as a visual or audio Tool so you can find your Car in Large Parking Lots2.

🚘 Steven Spielberg was recently spotted in Brentwood California driving the his Tesla Model S, an all electric automobile, while heading to a high powered Hollywood luncheon. Apparently, more and more celebrities find the Tesla an attractive vehicle and more importantly they love the fact that it is environmentally friendly.

🚘 It seems the famous 67 year-old screenwriter, producer, and business magnate left all the Porches and Maybachs and went for a Tesla model S. The Tesla is actually fits the famed director quite well as if we were to discuss the vehicle’s interior, we’ll come across a very science-fiction like cabin. The seats are cantilevered mounted onto a flat-floor, an uncluttered full-width floor space, making the Tesla S model’s interior quite unconventional.

🚘 Don’t know what TESLA is… In Physics Class we learned about the Tesla, but it wasn’t an unbelievable Electric Automobile. The video clip directly below is a demonstration of the Model-S getting a "battery-swap" at Service Centers to have this capability in 2015.

http://www.teslamotors.com/batteryswap

🚘 Don’t know what TESLA is… In Physics Class we learned about the Tesla Coil, a high-voltage frequency generator. The Tesla Coil is one of Nikola Tesla’s most famous invention in 1891.



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🚘 🚘 🚘 TESLA Model-3 Reservations Surpassed 325,000 Cars in One Week 🚘 $1000/Car Deposited $325 Million in the Bank 🚘 $14 Billion in Production, Starting “Late 2017” in 20 Months 🚘 🚘 đŸš˜

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🚘 Tesla announced Thursday that it has now surpassed 325,000 Reservations with Deposits of $1,000/Car (an increase of +49,000 Cars from Tesla’s Elon Musk’s Tweet just 4 Days ago).

🚘 TESLA had its Model-3 REVEAL to an enthusiastic crowd, on location and Live-Streamed to Millions on-line, the unveiling of the Model 3 late Thursday, March 31st at 11pm. Yes, truly only 7 days ago.

🚘 Tesla successfully caused 325,000 enthusiastic people to Reserve the Model-3 Car with refundable $1000 deposits. Wonderful, but
(A) Reservations should be converted into Contracts 90 days prior to delivery
(B) Average Price of Model-3 Estimate with options is $43,000
(C) Tesla should collect “at risk” deposits 90 days prior to Delivery
(D) Will Tesla Deliver & Closes Model-3 Car in reasonable time-frame
(E) Tesla says: “…it will generate [in 20 months, (12/2017) Enough Revenues [about $14 Billion] to make [the Model 3] the Biggest one-week Launch of any Product, ever.” This statement is questionable, however
(F) Strong Signals will emerge in 2 years, as Model-3 Cars roll off its Production-Line regarding
(1) Gross-margins and
(2) Production-Rates… But, there are many “assumptions” some of which may not come to fruition
(a) It’s very unlikely that 100% of the Reservations will emerge as deliveries, because of these issues
(b) When will Tesla require “at risk” deposits on the Model-3 Cars ordered
(c) Will the Model-3 actually be delivered at $35,000 promised
(d) How long will it take Tesla to Deliver the first 100,000 Reservations
(e) The Time Tesla consumes to Deliver the FIRST 100,000 Cars will give the remaining 235,000 Reservations reason to “Hang in there…” or Cancel.

🚘 Elon Musk says in another portion of today’s Tweet, going out to his 3.7 Million Twitter Followers of which I’m one… revealed that only 5% of the Model-3 Reservations, reserved TWO Model-3 Cars, the Maximum Tesla Permitted. Musk also tweeted, this suggested "low levels of speculation," or most buyers not looking to flip the car for a profit. The Reservation Agreement states that it is “not transferable.” This Means the Speculators, if any, would have to literally Buy the Car or 2 Cars outright, and thereafter re-Sell it/both as “Pre-Owned Cars” to the third-party.

🚘 Apple is the only other Company that comes to mind with huge product launches. Last September, 2015 [7 months ago] Apple launched their new iPhone 6S. Apple actually Sold & Delivered over 13 Million iPhones in its opening 3-Day weekend. But, this is for iPhones at an average selling price [ASP] of $700/iPhone. However, there was no significant time delay [other than Long Lines] for Store pick-ups or Fed-Ex shipments. Multiply, 13 Million iPhone sales by $700 iPhone ASP, the result is $9 Billion of iPhones Sold, Delivered, with Cash in Apple’s Bank. Apple’s $9 Billion in Sales in their 3-Day Sales Event is Very Impressive !

🚘 1. Front Seat Camera – Model-3 Test Drive: http://youtu.be/TiWOKBMTDvc
🚘 2. Front Seat Camera – Model-3 Test Drive: https://youtu.be/16SWVS56aZU
🚘 3. Rear Seat Camera – Model-3 Test Drive: http://youtu.be/yTRL5u57ukE
🚘 4. Stage Center – Model-3 REVEAL Show: http://youtu.be/dmKvuRw4up4

🚘 Model-3 Demonstration Test-Drives. The 4 Video Clips above have been chosen to show the Best Views of the Test Drives following the TESLA’s REVEAL Thursday, March 31st, late evening. Listen to the in-Car reactions as the Model-3 accelerates. For the first two video clips, front seat passengers recorded the video clips using their iPhones. The third video clip was captured by a rear-seat passenger, which gives an interesting perspective of the all-Glass roof, and the driving experience and the view of the 15″ LCD control panel. The 4th clip is a 23 minute Video captured by TESLA Motors, of ELON MUSK’s presentation and unveiling of their Model-3, a $35,000 affordable Car. The only glimpse of Options, “Under $5000 for All Wheel Drive. The Presentation ended at 9:50pm PDT, and these Model-3 sample drives were conducted immediately after the SHOW.

🚘 TESLA’s Leader Elon Musk Tweeted 4 Days ago, it had received by a factor of “Three-Times” the number of Reservations Musk had originally anticipated, ruffly about 60,000 Reservations. However, the actual number of Reservations is presently over Five-Times Elon Musk’s initial guesstimate. As previously reported in this article [see — Previously Reported — below] this level of Reservations albeit impressive, raises number of ISSUES about Tesla’s initial Production Plan, to meet this increasingly complex Production Goal, namely the likely massive plant expansion plan, capital requirements, building the supply-line to name a few.

🚘 Recall, Tesla actually delivered over 16,700 Model-S Cars in 2014, 25,200 Cars in 2015, and Tesla is on target and delivering 4,100 Model-S per month, over 50,000 Model-S Cars expected in 2016; see graphic above. Add to these impressive Model-S Production increases, Ramping-up Tesla’s Plant Production to 100,000 Model-S cars for 2017. Add to this, literally hundreds of thousands of Model-3 Cars… This is a Massive Production Issue, that Tesla is now facing, for 2018, 2019, and 2020. It’s an exciting Challenge indeed.

🚘 Model 3 Reservation to Contract Conversion Ratio – The number of Reservations that actually convert to Contracts with at-risk Deposits. Tesla stands to generate huge revenues [depending on how many Reservations convert to “at-risk” contracts, and what percentage fall away due to delivery Delays or Repricing of the Model-3 Car, once Cars are actually rolling off the Production-Line]. Recall, with the early days of the Model-S, deliveries were slower than anticipated and promised, and Pricing increased. Profitability remains an open question until actual Delivery Margins are determined.

🚘 Tesla says the number of preorders it has received in its 1st full Week, corresponds to $14 billion in Revenues in future Closed Sales. The Question remains, How Long will it take Tesla to deliver several hundred thousand Model-3 Cars. Tesla boasts that it was able to generate incredible level of Hype for the Model 3 without any dollars spent in Advertisements or "paid endorsements." The company has collected $325 million in cash, albeit refundable, for the Model 3 deposits paid. Fortunately for the more fickle, or the impatient folks that reserved a Car or two, the $1,000 deposits are refundable.

🚘 In the 4 decades that we’ve been reporting, We’ve never witnessed such a high number of reservations for any Automobile. For a very long time, the 12,000 orders written on the launch day of Citroen’s legendary DS in 1955, was considered as the “Sales Record-to-Beat.”

🚘 For the new Ford Fiesta, then the World’s Best Selling Cars, launched in 2011, the Ford Fiesta earned Headlines for receiving “6,000 reservations, and more than 100,000 folks with their hands-raised” signaling these folks “wanted one, months ahead of its actual Launch” as a Ford press release trumpeted then. Those with Hands-Raised did not have $1,000 deposits. By Year-End 2011, the Ford Fiesta sold over 780,000 Cars.

🚘 In perspective, the World’s best-selling electric vehicle, the Nissan Leaf, Sold a total 211,000 Leafs, globally since its launch in 2010, as Nissan spokesman Dion Corbett mentioned at the Tesla reveal.

🚘 TESLA Unveiled its New Model-3 Affordable 4-Door, 5-Passenger Electric Vehicle to a VERY Enthusiastic Crowd. The Model-3 Car is Likewise Very Exciting, earning over 276,000 Reservations, equating to $11.5 Billion in Production Value, as of End-of-Day Saturday. These figures were received Sunday from Elon Musk at 2:28pm by his Tweet.

🚘 Elon Musk mentioned Sunday… “We will have to Totally Rethink the Production Plan…” in light of the huge number of Reservations. Before the Model-3 was open to pre-orders, Musk was imagining 50-to-60,000 pre-orders, towards their target GOAL of 500,000 Model-3 Cars, with a MULTI-Year delivery plan. Without question, the Buying Public is very excited about TESLA, the brand and the success of the Model-S; Model-3 pre-orders have already consumed more than half of TESLA’s sales Goal. TESLA has an Exciting Problem.

🚘 Perspective on Production Rates – TESLA delivered a bit over 50,000 Model-S Cars this year, equating to roughly 4,100 Cars/Month, it’s recent production rate. Let’s say TESLA is able to Scale-UP its Production Plant for Model-3 Cars, to 6,000 Model-3 Cars/Month (1,500/Week or 200/Day), I’d rate this figure as Optimistic on my part.

🚘 Let’s try a Production Volume of 1,500/Week representing a 150% increase over the current TESLA production figures for the Model-S and X Cars. 1,500 Cars/Week is still TOO much to expect, but… When your Company just booked just under 300,000 Reservations for your “New Baby” in only a few Days, management Energy level is Super-Hot, like Solar.

🚘 Let’s go with 6k Model-3 Cars per month as a 1st year Production GOAL; That’s roughly 150% of TESLA’s current production rate of the Model-S; granted the Model-3 may be a somewhat less complex assembly than the Model-S, but …

🚘 How long will it take to construct the necessary Factory Expansion? How long will it take to Acquire, Install and Program the Robotic Machinery? and then there is the MONEY Part. Plant and Equipment are not cheep, particularly when you’re in a Hurry. Tick-Tock-Tick-Tock…

🚘 At a Production Rate of 1,500 Model-3 Cars/Week, assuming TESLA is capable of scaling up to this level, it may likely take TESLA a number years, for Tesla to deliver all the Model-3 Reservations… An exciting problem to have. TESLA has Logistics issues in ramping up Production, the facilities, robotics, tooling, and personnel, to meet the demand of 276,000 pre-orders, which may grow to 400,000 Reservations before a shovel goes in the Ground for the Plant Expansion.

🚘 The graphic above provides a glimpse of how well TESLA sales compare against other brands of Luxury Vehicles over a two year period, 2014 and 2015. TESLA reports that it’s 2016 Sales of their Model-S and Model-X vehicles will comfortably exceed 50,000 Electric Cars.

🚘 Let’s not forget the Financing issues with Plant Expansion, Tooling, Robotics, Infrastructure, combined with the Dollars needed to increase the Plant Facilities, and Purchasing the Raw Materials for its custom components, the 8000 unique parts Supply-Line to Fabricate the Model-3 Cars.

🚘 I’ve been inside the finance industry as Director, Vice Chairman of the Board, CEO of several financial institutions. Sadly: When a Client is in a really Big Hurry with an Exciting Project, the Bankers are inversely proportional as to their Enthusiasm, and seem to move as slow as molasses in January. When you have your Luncheons & Dinner meetings, they seem sooo slooow… With such profound needs, “we don’t really want to Eat…” and then, they’ll get back to you with Q&A in a week or soooo… when we Need the Dollar Commitments in Days not Months… I’m getting a really big headache just thinking about all of this. ELON MUSK, I feel your Pain.

🚘 The Parochial Automotive Industry would love to have these issues. Aside from logistics, which is a huge undertaking, Financing becomes the FIRST major issue… $Billions, Lots of $Billions. Without huge levels of Fresh Capital in Hand, none of this begins. Without Question, Tesla will get the Funding Requirements they need, once they Qualify a Pool of the Reservations. Elon Musk and his Team are not sleeping much these days… Tick, tock, tick, tock… no time to waist.

🚘 OK, Let’s get Realistic. Elon Musk and his team thought they’d may have 60,000+ Reservations, and they’d add onto their existing facilities, department by department, expand here, expand there, move this, move that… Isn’t that nice… BUT

🚘 With the 300,000+ Reservations for M-3 Cars in only a few DAYS, a number FIVE TIMES more than anyone on the Team imagined, much less planned for. That’s the Key, no planning for this Huge figure. So Everything changes. That beautifully bound M-3 Production Plan is Totally obsolete.

🚘 TESLA’s Model-3 Production Plan needs to be totally rethought, so says Elon Musk by his Tweet, that’s a challenge. Tesla figuratively speaking has to “Build another FACTORY but BIGGER” than most of those buildings pictured below. How does TESLA do this FAST?

🚘 Important First Step. TESLA needs to “Qualify” a portion of the Reservations List. Convert a Pool of Reservations into Non-Refundable Contracts. For TESLA to engage in this Huge Plant Expansion, it needs to know How Many Reservations will become Real Sales. TESLA needs to know the Buyers are similarly committed to their Model-3 (Reservations) as Tesla is in their Delivery.

🚘 Let’s Play… Proceed with the first Pool of 80,000 Reservations, in Date Order. Congratulate each for being among the First to receive the Model-3. Tesla should not do this with a number of Pools of Reservations, as Tesla firms up their Plant Expansion Plan, Financing Commitments, Timing for both, Plant Production Rate, and a Schedule for the Model-3 Car Assembly…

🚘 Send 80,000 Reservation Holders a Conditional Sales Contract, each selects their Options, Add down for the “Total Purchase Price” of their Model-3. Let’s say the Total Price is, on average $42,000. Require a 15% Non-Refundable Deposit. For a $42k Car, the Deposit equals $6,300 including the $1000 Reservation deposit. The Client writes a non-Refundable Check in the amount of $5,300 to TESLA, and agrees that their $1,000 Reservation previously paid, becomes non-refundable. Alternatively, the Client passes on the deal and requests the return of their $1,000 deposit.

🚘 For more Confidence in Qualifying these Reservation Pools, increase the non-refundable deposit to 20%, probably the limit due to the lengthy delivery window. Use 15% for the First 80,000 reserved-pool, then increase to 20% for the next 80k reserved pool. May as well separate the Men from the Boys, sooner than later. These folks are not buying Chevy VOLTs that are sitting on car Lots – TESLA is building Custome Model-3 cars to Buyer Specification. Perhaps Elon Musk should sign a 3″ Tesla Logo, a Decal, and attach it to inside of the windshields, a sign of TESLA’s appreciation.

🚘 TESLA Must Know who are Committed Buyers and who are not. If 80%* of the 80,000 First Pool of Reservations become Buyers, then TESLA is fairly confident that 64,000 Model-3 Cars Buyers are committed with “at-risk” Contracts equating to $2.688 Billion Sales, with $403.2 Million in Non-Refundable Deposits. For this first Pool of Reservations, TESLA should have confidence in moving forward for their extensive Plant Expansion. Also, the 80%* Conversion Ratio (my guesswork) should give Tesla a “feel” for the balance of the Reservations. Recall we arbitrarily picked 80%*. No one really know.*

🚘 The CLOCK is TESLA’s enemy, as it surely does not want to loose [any portion of] these Pre-Sales, because of the Company’s failure to deliver in a reasonable amount of time. Think about it. It may take Tesla 18 months just to Build the Robotics, the Plant, the Infrastructure, the Power, the Water Resources, the Raw Materials, the Chemistry, the Storage Facilities, the Fire Protection. All to support an additional 6,000 Cars/Month Output, 150% more than the Model-S assembly-line production-rate (4,100 Cars/Mo) is currently handling. Imagine these logistics… OMG, let’s not forget building up the supply-line for all of the Model-3’s roughly 8,000 custom parts. All right enough Drama. It’s more fun to talk about that amazing Model-3

🚘 Model-3 combines real world Driving Range, 215 miles to 350 miles per Charge, Performance, Safety and Spaciousness into a premium sedan that only TESLA can build. TESLA’s most affordable car yet, Model 3 achieves a minimum of 215 miles of range per charge while Priced at only $35,000 before Tax incentives. Isn’t that nice… Ooops, here’s some more Drama.

🚘 Who in their Right Mind would think to Worry about Exceeding the Federal Limit for Buyers receiving their Tax Credits. Well, the Limit is apparently 200,000 Green Cars for each Manufacturer. It may be that 1/3rd of the Model-3 Reservations may not have the Tax Credit they counted on. Apparently the US Federal Tax Credit only applies to the first 200,000 Tesla Cars delivered. They’ll need a good Lawyer or two, to examine the Tax Code to see if the 50,000 Model-S deliveries have already “eaten into” the GREEN limit of 200,000 Cars per Company.

🚘 The Whitehouse wants everyone to Drive “GREEN” well here is a terrific opportunity for the President, the TESLA Model-3 is for the masses… Immediately below is the Link so you can Sign the Petition directed to the White House, making an appeal to extend [or remove] the current 200,000 limit/Car Model, that provides for a $7,500 Tax Credit; it’s very simple to complete, see the image below. We have a Readership of over 100,000 so let’s have everyone sign on… https://petitions.whitehouse.gov/petition/increase-ev-tax-credit-cap-manufacturer

🚘 Model-3 is designed to attain the highest safety ratings in every category. After 10 years of hard work, Tesla has finally “revealed” the Model-3, the vehicle that CEO Elon Musk now knows, will take the Electric Vehicle, “EV” to the masses. When you see the interior of the Model-3, it’s like you are visualizing a Car decades into the Future.

🚘 Everything that controls the Car, except for Steering, is displayed on a 15″ Touch Screen, otherwise the “dash-board” is literally clear of any buttons, nobs, and gauges. TESLA engineers mention that the User Interface in the reveal, is not necessarily in final form. Looking at the Picture below, this is not an “Artists Rendering” of the Cockpit of the Model-3. The image below is the actual Model-3 Drivers Seat. When you view the Video Clips later in this article, you will see the Driver in this Car.

🚘 Truly futuristic. Remember this Car is equipped with true Auto-Pilot logistics and hardware. Most of the Car’s functions are selected by computer-Touch-Screen-control, shown on the 15″ high resolution LCD display, which has been brought Forward close to the Driver, so it’s in easy reach of the Driver, without having to lean-forward, an issue with the Model-S’s 17″ display mounted in the console.

🚘 At the unveiling of the Model-3 late Thursday evening and into the early morning of April 1st, at the company’s design studio in Hawthorne, California, TESLA’s CEO, Elon Musk said the car will deliver at least 215 miles range beginning at just $35,000, a bold claim, and an important milestone for Tesla to achieve. Musk is “confident” that deliveries will begin by the end of 2017, and “you will not be able to buy a better car for $35,000, even if you select no options.” “And it will be one of the safest cars in the world in every category” according to Musk.

🚘 Tesla reported more than 276,000 Pre-Orders have been placed, where buyers put $1,000 down, as of April 3rd, and that number will likely continue to increase. To bring these figures into perspective, as we are talking about Automobiles, not iPhones, 276,000 pre-Ordered Cars equates to roughly $276 Million in paid Deposits held for 20 months, equating to over $11.5 Billion in pre-sales, (Elon Musk is assuming $41.6k/Car). Pre-Sales of this magnitude is Huge, and Never heard of in the Auto Industry.

🚘 TESLA is creating the excitement that is routinely generated at Apple Product Releases. However, this is about Cars, not iPhones. The “standard” Model-3 will accelerate from 0-60 mph in less than 6 seconds, with upgraded versions that will go “much faster.”

🚘 Model-3 Options – If you choose the 4-wheel drive AWD option (ElonMusk said today this option will be priced under $5k) includes a front mounted electric motor, in addition to the “standard” rear-mounted main electric motor.

🚘 Model-3 Range will be at least 215 miles/charge, but Tesla Engineers hope to exceed this number in the final Production Car, with the advancement of the Battery technology, and optimized electronics over the next 18 months of pre-development. One of the Options will be a Larger Lithium battery array to extend the Range to 300+ miles/charge. No word yet on the option price for the larger LiON Battery.

🚘 All Model-3 cars will include [the internal electronics package] support for Tesla’s high-speed Supercharger Stations, because “it’s about going where you want to go,” according to Musk. With the Model-S the supercharger internal charging package was a $2,500+ option; For the Model-3 its included in the “standard” Car. By the end of 2017, when the Model-3 begins Car deliveries, Tesla says it will have a total of 7,200 Supercharger Stations in operation, which is double the number available today, and 15,000 charging locations.

🚘 Like the Model-S, the Model-3 will come with a powerful Rear-Wheel Drive electric Motor and an optional all-wheel drive version, plus there’s a 15″ landscape touchscreen LCD driver’s control-display an interesting change from the 17″ portrait touchscreen as in the Model-S and X. Autopilot hardware is standard, plus all safety features will be active automatically. Five adults will fit comfortably, “comfortably is the important part here,” says Musk.

🚘 The front-to-rear roof area, from the windshield all the way to the trunk, will be one continuous piece of structural-glass. And, just like the Model-S, the Model-3 will have front and rear trunks for storage. “More cargo capacity than any gasoline car of the same external dimensions,” says Musk. You can even fit a 7-foot long surfboard on the inside of the Model-3.

🚘 The two current Tesla vehicles, the Model-S and Model-X, are both relatively expensive. Even with tax incentives, both cars easily push $100,000. In order for Tesla to deliver 10-times as many cars as it now delivers, it needed a less expensive automobile in the lineup. That’s where the Model-3 comes in. The Model-3 is the future for TESLA.

🚘 Don’t expect to get your hands on a Model-3 until sometime in 2018 considering that there are over 276,000 pre-orders ahead of you. The Model-3 is expected to begin production in the 4th quarter of 2017, roughly 20 months from now. Tesla is currently accepting pre-orders for a modest $1,000 refundable down payment. Tesla plans to more than double the size of its retail Sales Stores and Service Centers [in the TESLA network] by the end of 2017, to Sell and Service all these new TESLA cars.

🚘 At the unveiling of the Model-3 Thursday evening, Elon Musk thanked Model-S and Model-X purchasers as these Sales Revenues helped to fund the development of the new Model-3 car. The Model-3 is the culmination of a full decade of hard work. Elon Musk is betting $Billions on TESLA, and it needs to deliver. The future of Tesla Motors, quite literally “rides on the success” of the Model-3. The incredible number of pre-sales, over 276,000, is an strong indication, TESLA is on its way to becoming a huge participant in the EV Automobile industry.

🚘 The Model-3 is the car Tesla Motors has promised since the company’s founding, the car that CEO Elon Musk is convinced, will push EVs into the mainstream and the technology to an inflection point. This is the car Musk believes will change the world. “It’s very important to accelerate the transition to sustainable transport,” Musk said on stage. “This is really important for the future of the world.” To View this TESLA Event on YouTube, and there are more Links below: https://goo.gl/uo5suC

🚘 In person and on paper, the Model-3 is a real “shocker”. It’s a very handsome sedan, with four doors, five seats, and all the creature comforts and practicality you’d expect of an upscale mid-size sedan. The Electric Propulsion, Battery System, and the Drive train are capable of 0-to-60 mph acceleration, at under 6-Seconds, plus a range of 215 miles/charge. It’s packed with technology, style, and at a bargain price as Tesla delivers it at the $35,000 base price, Musk promises you’ll pay. Musk also estimates that $6,600 in options will bring the average delivery price to $41,600.

🚘 For the first 200,000 sales of the Model-3 there will be a federal tax credit, according to current Law. The specs and price are key, because so far Tesla Motors has aimed squarely at the affluent buyer. The company’s first three models, the innovative Roadster sports car, exquisite Model-S sedan, and tech-slinging Model-X SUV, made electric cars fun, cool, and compelling. The Model-3 is meant to do something greater: sell to the masses, using electric car propulsion.

🚘 TESLA Model-3 is a very innovative passenger car. During its unveiling two days ago, we were able to capture several videos of brief guest-drives around the TESLA grounds in the late evening. The links below are YouTube videos to see the Model-3 captured from the front-passenger seat, and the back-seat. While watching these brief clips, take notice of the “Dash Board” other than the 15″ display to the right of the Driver’s view, the Dash-Board in front of the steering-wheel is totally blank, clean, no clutter whatsoever, as all of the controls and gauges are visible on the 15″ LCD display [which has been pushed forward towards the Driver] at “Screen-Center-Right” literally, within Easy Reach to the Driver without having to lean-forward.

🚘 TESLA Model-3 Revealed. Below are 5 of the Best Video Clip Links we’ve found, showing the First Reveal of TESLA’s new Model-3 in action, on the SHOW Stage and on the Road. These Videos are the Best part of this Article, as you’ll get to experience the Reveal SHOW Event as if you were there, plus the experiences of the Test Drives of several of the participants that attended the SHOW. Looking at the Dash Board, it is very Futuristic… what a Car would look like decades from now, but TESLA’s Model-3 is quite literally NOW.

🚘 First Look of Model-3 On-Stage: http://youtu.be/Jd_RXG_WZqQ

🚘 TMC Test-Drive of Model-3: http://youtu.be/TiWOKBMTDvc

🚘 First Test-Drive of Model-3: https://youtu.be/16SWVS56aZU

🚘 Second Test-Drive of Model-3: http://youtu.be/yTRL5u57ukE

🚘 TESLA Model-3 Unveiling 24 Minute Show: http://youtu.be/dmKvuRw4up4

🚘 Tesla is not alone, in hoping to do the remarkable and frankly, it was “beaten in the race” to build a $30K EV Auto with a triple-digit range by General Motors. However, this stat is where the comparison ends. In January, the Detroit stalwart introduced the 2017 Chevrolet VOLT, a battery electric hatchback with a range of 200 miles/charge, and a price of $37,500 and that’s where the comparison ends.

🚘 Musk isn’t the slightest bit worried about competition, and to be fair, has little reason to be. The Volt is impressive, but Tesla has the proven ability to get people very excited, and there’s no denying the company has a cachet many automakers only dream of…

🚘 Have You Ever seen thousands of people lining up outside Automobile Dealerships, waiting to place a $1,000 deposit on a Car they haven’t even seen yet… something that happened at many Tesla Stores last week. By the time Musk pulled the white-sheet off the Model-3 Thursday evening at the sprawling Space X campus in Hawthorne, California, 115,000 customers had already put their money down [$1000/car] and within 36 hours of the unveiling over 276,000 Model-3 Cars have been pre-Ordered, equating to about $11.5 Billion in pre-sales.

🚘 Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning founded Tesla Motors in 2003. Musk, flush with cash after selling PayPal to eBay for $1.4 billion, joined in early 2004 as its chairman and primary benefactor. He took over as CEO in 2008, shortly after the debut of the company’s first car, the Roadster. The two-seater was a “proof of concept” designed to show that these 2,400 Sports Car, EVs, could be cool. It was based on the Lotus Elise, as it could hit 60 mph in 3.7 Seconds, and squeezed a 245 range from a 950 pound LiON battery. Car & Driver called it “a revelation”. Tesla sold about 2,400 of these Sports Roadsters at $100k/car, in 4 years.

🚘 Then came the Model-S, a truly remarkable sedan good for almost 300 miles on a charge. Even now, four years after its debut, the sedan remains a marvel. It’s everything most people would ever dream of in a Car… It’s roomy, comfortable, practical, quick, and reliable, and gorgeous. Motor Trend and Automobile Magazine called it the “Car of the Year” in 2013, and Consumer Reports gave it its best Rating Score of 99+ the highest rating ever for any Car it tested in its entire 19 year history of testing.

🚘 TESLA’s 17″ LCD Display and user-interface and performance has steadily improved on the Model-S, using over-the-air [cellular] software updates similar to iPhone iOS updates to its operating system, to make every Model-S perform even better and to enhance the User-Interface of the 17″ display. Tesla made hardware changes too, offering an optional front-motor to provide four-wheel drive, motors in the Rear and Front, bigger batteries for greater range, improved electronics, and true Auto-Pilot delivering auto-self-driving capabilities. The 0 to 60 time plunged to a stomach-dropping 2.8 seconds, on par with mid-six-figure exotic cars.

🚘 Meanwhile, Tesla built an international network of 1,600 “superchargers” where owners can plug-in and charge the battery for free where one could charge their Tesla battery to 80% (230 miles of driving) in roughly 30 minutes. Tesla fought with local governments, for the right to sell cars directly to customers [without Dealerships]. It acquired an enormous factory once occupied by GM and Toyota. TESLA broke ground and almost fully completed, its “Gigafactory” where it works with Panasonic to build an unimaginable number of Lithium batteries, more battery power than all other Lithium Battery power factories combined, globally, in TESLA’s single humongous plant. In October, 2015 it introduced the Model-X, a handsome, falcon-winged SUV based on the Model-S, with Gull-Winged rear doors. With hundreds of thousand Model-3D preorders, TESLA will need their Gigafactory, which is their plan.





🚘 Tesla Model S Ranks Best Overall Car for 2014 by Consumer Reports, among 260 autos tested ~ Not only did Tesla Rank #1 Tesla scored the Highest Score ever Achieved in the Magazine’s 18 years of testing Cars ~ Plus What’s Not to Like about Driving for 3Âą/mile when Gas costs 16Âą/mile 🚘

🚘 Tesla Model S an all Electric LiON Battery Powered Car, Ranks as the Best Overall Car for 2014 by Consumer Reports, among 260 automobiles tested, whether fueled by electric batteries, gas or diesel fuel, or a hybrid of two fuels. Not only did Tesla Rank #1, it scored the Highest Score ever recorded in CR’s 18 year history of testing Cars.

🚘 Don’t know what TESLA is… In Physics Class we learned about the Tesla Coil, a high-voltage frequency generator. The Tesla Coil is one of Nikola Tesla’s most famous invention in 1891. See Tesla and his inventions below.

🚘 Elon Musk’s Tesla Motors Inc. (TSLA:US) has earned the ardor of investors and the highest U.S. safety ratings. It can also add the honor of having the best-reviewed car of the year by automobile testers at Consumer Reports, earning the Highest score ever of 99 given in Consumer Reports 18 year history of reviewing Cars.

🚘 Consumer Report summarizes their study saying "Sure, you can talk about this electric luxury car’s blistering acceleration, razor-sharp handling, compliant ride, and versatile cabin, which can fit a third-row of seats. But that just scratches the surface of this technological tour de force."

🚘 Consumer Reports editors further say "The Tesla is brimming with innovation. Its massive, easy-to-use 17" touch-screen controls most of the car’s functions. Tesla is totally keyless in operation, locking, unlocking, starting, full Internet access, and ultra-quiet, zero-emission driving experience, the Tesla is a glimpse into a future where cars and computers coexist in seamless harmony. Its 275-mile driving range and 3-hour charges, using Tesla’s special connector, also make it the easiest, most practical, albeit pricey, electric car to live with."

🚘 “It’s truly a groundbreaking car,” Jake Fisher, Consumer Reports’ director of auto testing who oversaw this year’s review of 260 vehicles, said an interview. “You get into it, and it really stands out. It’s the very best car I’ve ever driven.”

🚘 Consumer Reports tests and evaluates cars for how well they drive, interior-finish quality, safety and reliability. The model rankings influence car buyers and are published in the Yonkers, New York-based magazine’s annual auto issue.

🚘 It was interesting researching how Consumer Reports tests each of the 260 vehicles this year. Each car is driven about 6000 miles while the evaluation teams assess every imaginable function and quality of the cars under examination.

🚘 Today’s TESLA is a very exciting Luxury Battery Powered automobile with a 275 mile range.

🚘 In appearance the Tesla does not just "gets on terms" with the two-plus-two Aston, it almost cinches it. The sweeping lines and a callipygous rear give the Tesla the look of a concept car. But this is no Concept car with limited delivery, as Tesla has ramped up production to over 25,000 units/year. The door handles motor-out to meet you (one of a number of motorized functions) and the doors swing wide.

🚘 Inside is Tesla’s cabin Very Unconventional, it’s almost the appearance of a Science Fiction Futuristic Auto. The seating are cantilever-mounted onto a flat-floor, with an uncluttered full-width floor space. A dramatic digital instrument panel in front of the driver central-displays show charge level, power usage, range, and speed.

🚘 The central facia has the appearance of a very large Touch-Screen iPad, (but its not) with simple and classy Apple-style graphics, that controls most of the Car’s functions, Mapping, Directions, tailored to go with Mercedes-Benz-styled switches and steering column stalks.

🚘 Tesla Model S electric car is “the answer” I’ve personally been looking for. I have remained on the side-lines with all electric cars because of two reasons: (1) most of the offerings look like "soup-cans with wheels and windows" (not so with the Tesla, as its stunningly attractive inside and out) and (2) they have such a limited Range most under 100 miles, one "can not drive it out of town" (not so with the Tesla as it can deliver 300 miles in Range.

🚘 One wonders if the other Car-makers have been sleeping on the job. With Tesla’s share-price on fire after recently announcing plans for a new battery “gigafactory” (now, that’s a factory), confirming next year’s SUV, the Model-X, and a smaller, cheaper model (like $36k) for 2017. Today there’s barely a Silicon-Valley baron or Hollywood Star without a Model S in their Garage.

🚘 Tesla is Fueled by a huge, flat, Lithium Ion battery, a single unit that delivers 85,000 Watt-hours of power. The Battery lines almost the entire bottom of the floor-board; however, the Battery is very well protected. To put this Battery in perspective, a 85kWhr of battery power is equivalent to about 16,200 iPhone-LiON-Batteries all linked together into a single huge flat-battery-array.

🚘 The LiON battery in the Tesla Model-S contains a unique LiON battery-chemistry so that it delivers power and takes recharge cycles for at least 8 years, equivalent to the Tesla battery-warranty, with unlimited miles.

🚘 Surely, now that Tesla has proven to the marketplace that an attractive well designed Car with good range can be delivered in mass quantities. Also, since Tesla is expanding its assembly plants to grow production by 50% this year and next, Battery Technology will be the focus for these fine Cars. Surely, Tesla wants to increase its Model-S Range to 400 miles then to 500 miles, since Electric fueling stations are not as populated as Gasoline stations.

🚘 When viewing Tesla’s Model-S at the retail-store in our Boca Raton Town Center Mall, they have several fully assembled, ready to drive Cars, and two Cars that were apparently taken off the assembly-line, displaying the beautifully engineered frame, battery array, the steering points, the motor and inverter package at the car’s rear-end. Very Impressive displays making it clear to anyone, engineer or house-wife, that this Car is an engineering marvel, that gives the quality feeling that Apple delivers with their products, with an obvious display of an incredible level of attention to every minute element of detail.

🚘 Tesla SuperChargers recharges Model S quickly, Super quickly. Superchargers are for refueling quickly on road trips. A Supercharger can replenish 50% the 85 kWh battery in about 25 minutes. All Model S vehicles with the 85 kWh battery can use SuperChargers as can properly equipped 60 kWh battery vehicles. SuperCharger (Electric) Fuel Stations will be positioned at convenient locations along major interstates throughout the country.

🚘 Tesla SuperCharger stations the Cost for a "Full Tank of Electricity" is FREE, although it costs Tesla say $300,000 per station. Tesla considers this fueling feature as a Marketing Expense, to make it clear to Tesla Owners, and those interested in buying a Tesla Car, that they can get a "Fill-Up" when going out of town. In a Hurry, no problem, the Super-Charger Stations will have two "Fueling" modes, Plug in your Tesla Model S for 20 minutes for 100 miles of Range, 40 minutes for 200 miles of Range or 60 minutes to "Fill the Tank" in this case a fully recharged battery.

🚘 Tesla’s Free Fueling feature is considered a "Marketing Expense" where these costs are not "built into the price of their cars." Recall that a fill-up costs Tesla about $9, assuming an electric utility cost of 11Âą per kilowatt, typical in the USA.

🚘 A major Free-Fueling costs facing Tesla is the development of the Fueling Station Network, the real estate and construction costs, estimated to be approximately $300,000 per station. This expense could be amortized over say 20 years, making this a $15,000/year per Station, expense to the financial statement.

🚘 SuperCharger Stations. If Tesla builds 500 SuperCharger Nation-Wide Network, the depreciation expense would be on the order of $7.5 million/year. If every SuperCharger Station with 3-fueling lanes were charging for 24 hours/day, this represents 26,000 fill-ups/year per Station; Assuming the electric-utility cost is $9/Fill-Up, then each staton would expense $234,000/year per station, which equates to about $115 million/year for the Nation-Wide network of 500 SuperCharger stations.

🚘 With 150,000 Tesla Cars on the Road planned, the Annual expense for SuperCharger Stations equates to about $800/Tesla, a Very imaginative use of marketing dollars. This represents a 1% marketing component per car, not a large figure indeed. By the end of 2015 Tesla will have enough SuperCharger Stations to cover 98% of the Population in the US and portions of Canada.

🚘 Tesla SuperCharger Stations have another Amazing feature, the capability of the Model-S receiving a 100% Full-Charge in 95 Seconds with a "Battery Replacement" performed at the station. Just pull-up over a designated area, and your Model-S’ Battery is dropped-down with automation, and a New Fully-Charged Battery is pushed-backup into your Model-S in about 1 minute 30 seconds. Tesla literally swaps your car’s battery for a new battery that has been already fully-charged.

🚘 I witnessed two Model-S cars in line at a Tesla SuperCharger Station, (a video-clip is provided below) that received Lion Battery swaps for two Tesla’s in line, requiring about 3 minutes total time for both Model-S cars, 90 seconds each. Filling your 23 Gallon Tank with Gasoline takes about 4 minutes. This service costs $80 for the 85 kWhr battery-swap or $60 for the 60 kWhr battery. When you return from your trip, go back to the same SuperCharger Station that swapped your battery, and the station then re-Swaps your Car’s original LiON battery fully-charged.

🚘 The $80 cost for the 90 second fill-up costs about 26Âą/mile if you’re in a hurry. Not in a hurry go for the SuperCharger and wait 30 to 45 minutes to "Top-Off your Tank" for Free. While you have a travel-break, at the Coffee shot near-by. Recall, if you have an iPhone, the App will keep you posted on the Battery Level as it Fills with electric-power. How Cool is that!

🚘 If you decide to retain the NEW LiON Battery, in other words, you don’t re-Swap batteries, Tesla will "Charge" you (pardon the pun) the price difference between your original LiON battery, and the price of a New LiON battery. This may be your plan, say in Year Two or Three, as aged LiON Batteries may only accept 90% to 95% charges. No figures are available on this option, as these swap-stations are scheduled for later in 2015.

🚘 The Cost of a new 85 kWhr LiON Battery is $12,000. If you decide to retain the New Battery Swap, the question is what is the "trade-in" value for your existing Model-S battery that’s 2 or 3 years old. The SuperCharger Battery Swap capability commences in 2015 nation-wide, so the financial models are not set as to the price for the battery swap, if you decide keep the new battery. Since the Model-S battery is warrantied for 8 years, if charging performance diminishes in Range, I’d be looking to the factory warranty to replace the battery.

🚘 Tesla is developing hundreds of SuperCharger Stations in the USA as an amazing marketing campaign as the "Fill-Ups" are Free. Think about it, travel to Grandma’s with no cost for Fuel, in Tesla’s case, electricity.

🚘 The Control Panel in each Tesla Model-S has a beautiful Google Maps styled GPS Map, showing in real-time, every location of a SuperCharger Station, and your location of the Model-S, giving detailed directions if necessary, and your Tesla’s Range to arrive the SuperCharger station. The GPS is also functional to input your destination. For the local folks in south Florida, there is a SuperCharger Station near MACY’s Front door in the parking garage of the Town Center Mall, and two others 25 miles south in Fort Lauderdale and 25 miles north of Boca Raton.

🚘 Tesla Superchargers allow Model S owners to travel for free between cities along well-traveled highways in North America and Europe. Superchargers provide a 50% charge in as few as 20 minutes and are strategically placed to allow owners to drive from station to station with minimal stops, or fear of running our of "Fuel." The Coverage for North America already provides for Coast-to-Coast driving. Here are Tesla’s Plans for SuperCharger station development:

✔ Today, First Quarter, 2014 – 78 stations, Coast-to-coast travel now enabled
✔ 2014 – 80% of the US population Covered plus portions of Canada
✔ 2015 – 98% of the US population Covered plus parts of Canada

🚘 Superchargers are located near amenities like roadside diners, cafes, and shopping centers. Road Trippers can stop for a quick meal and have their Model S charged when they’re done.

🚘 Tesla Model S cost for a Fill-Up equates to about $0.0311/mile. For a 275 mile range assuming you use Airconditioning, 275x$0.0311 equates to a Fill-Up cost of $8.50, assuming the Electric utility charge of 11±/kWatt, that Tesla pays for, a typical rate in south Florida. To Fill-Up your typical gasoline 4-Door Sedan automobile with 12.5 Gallons of Gas priced at $3.85/gallon costs $48.00, assuming the MPG is about 22 mpg vehicle, delivering the same range.

🚘 To this point in this Article its been all about Good Looks and the Battery. Lets now turn our attention to the Motor. One of the Demands by Elan Musk to his engineering team, is to have this vehicle powered by a strong engine, so that the buyer of a Tesla Model-S will not feel like there has been compromise in power or performance. Let it be said that a 416hp electric Motor rotating at around 6500 RPM generates an amazing level of Acceleration. There is simply NO Compromise with this electric engine.

🚘 Model S is a rear wheel drive electric vehicle. The liquid-cooled powertrain includes the battery, motor, drive inverter, and gear box. 60 kWh or 85 kWh microprocessor controlled, lithium-ion battery, a rear mounted 3-phase, 4-pole AC induction-motor with a copper rotor, creating 416hp; That’s dramatic amount of Horse Power, a Power Drive Inverter with variable frequency drive, a regenerative braking system, and a single-speed-reduction, Fixed-Gear ratio of 9.73:1 reduction ratio.

🚘 Tesla Model-S Power Train and Motor. The Electric motor powering the Model-S is a 416hp alternating current, variable frequency design. The motor itself weighs approximately 250 pounds, with a Copper-Wound Rotor, the internal component that rotates with a Gear on its shaft. Interesting that the Motor is Super-Power A/C motor, and the Battery is a 85 kWhr LiON direct current. Directly right of the rear-mounted Motor is a Power-Inverter that transforms up to 1200 Amps of DC electricity to A/C power, powering the Motor.

🚘 The Motor has a Running Rate of 5,000 to 8,000 RPM. There is Single-Gear reduction of 9.73 to 1 (no gear-shifting as with typical automobile transmissions). Therefore with a Rotor that weighs about 50 pounds rotating at an average speed of say 6,500RPM causes the drive shaft to rotate at about 500 RPM to 800RPM, this represents an incredible amount of power on the Wheels.

🚘 The Tesla motor’s Rotor weighing in at about 50 pounds, that is spinning at an average of 6500RPM, generates a huge level of power on the rear wheels. The velocity of Tesla’s motor, the RPM is controlled by changing the Frequency of the Alternating Current combined with the amount of Amperes of electric current, up to 1,200 amps when desiring fast acceleration from a dead-stop or changing lanes on a highway. This combination of factors controls the power, the driver desires by pressing one’s foot on the accelerator-pedal. Lots of very unique electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, and design, to accomplish this seamlessly to the Driver, and totally Quietly. The lack of any Engine and Transmission Noise is very strange at first.

🚘 Recall that a typical gasoline motor runs from 800 RPM to 3,500 RPM, that runs very hot, in combination with a 5-speed transmission and a Transaxle, that also becomes very hot as it consumes energy, a very inefficient method of changing the rotation of the drive-shaft, wasting about 40% of the gasoline engine’s power. What a waist of power and fuel.

🚘 Think about it, with a 400hp gasoline engine, 160hp is lost because of the inefficiencies of the transmission and the transaxle. Which means that only 240hp of power, of the 400ph gasoline engine, gets to the wheels. With Tesla’s electric engine 90% of the power gets directly to the rear wheels.

🚘 Tesla’s precocious car maker has Big ambitions. He originated PayPal 11-years ago making hundreds of $Millions. In top-spec $124,000 as-tested form, this 16ft 4in long, five-door battery-electric coupĂ© will not only out drag a $250,000 loaded Aston Martin, but Tesla carries two more passengers or twice as much stuff and, at 4,200 pounds, weighs not much more.

🚘 Stand on it, and the Aston will drain its 20 gallon tank of unleaded in about 250 miles, well within the realistic driving range of the 85kWh Tesla S range of 275 mile. What’s not to like about battery motoring? Not to mention that the Tesla Model-S, a luxury-sedan, goes from Zero to 60 MPH in 4.7 seconds.

🚘 The Tesla Model S electric sedan is Number One in Consumer Reports, in this year’s automotive rankings. Not only Tesla being in first place, but received the highest score ever recorded in its 18 year history of evaluating 260 vehicles.

🚘 The magazine cited the Model S’s sporty performance and technological innovations, including its 275 mile range. Consumer Reports acknowledged that the car is expensive and paid $89,650 for the Model S that the Magazine tested.

🚘 For less than a third of that price, the Toyota Prius hybrid got the nod as Consumer Reports’ top green car. The magazine also cited strong fuel economy in naming the Honda Accord as the top midsize car and the BMW328i as the best sports sedan.

🚘 The rankings, now in their 18th year, pick Consumer Reports’ favorites among the 260 vehicles its team has recently tested. The rankings are closely watched in the auto industry, since shoppers consistently cite Consumer Reports as a main source of car-buying advice.

🚘 Consumer Reports actually buys the test-vehicles anonymously, and performs more than 50 tests on each, including evaluations of braking, handling and comfort, among en elaborate array of tests and examinations. Consumer Reports’ testing team literally drives each vehicle for roughly 6,000 miles, in assessing the vehicle’s performance on the road in a wide variety of environments and road conditions.

🚘 Tesla Model S Ranks Best Overall Car for 2014 by Consumer Reports among 260 autos tested. Not only did Tesla Rank #1, Tesla scored a value of 99 the Highest Score ever Achieved in the Magazine’s 18 years of testing Cars.

🚘 Plus What’s Not to Like about Driving a Tesla Model-S Electric Car for 3Âą/mile when Gasoline Cars cost over 16Âą/mile, that’s over 500% more expensive.

🚘 Did I mention that Tesla has an iPhone App that will permit you to find the car with GPS that remains active even when the Car is parked and shut-down. The Tesla App will permit you to TURN-ON Tesla’s Air Conditioning system when the Car is parked and Locked.

🚘 With your Tesla, if you’re at a lunch meeting with car parked outdoors in the direct Sun in the summer time, you can use your iPhone Tesla App, Power-Up Tesla’s A/C System say 10 minutes before the end of your Luncheon, so that the Car is Cooled-down when you retrieve your Tesla from the parking lot. The App also permits you to Honk the Horn or Flash the Lights, to either scare away possible intruders, or as a visual or audio Tool so you can find your Car in Large Parking Lots2.

🚘 Steven Spielberg was recently spotted in Brentwood California driving the his Tesla Model S, an all electric automobile, while heading to a high powered Hollywood luncheon. Apparently, more and more celebrities find the Tesla an attractive vehicle and more importantly they love the fact that it is environmentally friendly.

🚘 It seems the famous 67 year-old screenwriter, producer, and business magnate left all the Porches and Maybachs and went for a Tesla model S. The Tesla is actually fits the famed director quite well as if we were to discuss the vehicle’s interior, we’ll come across a very science-fiction like cabin. The seats are cantilevered mounted onto a flat-floor, an uncluttered full-width floor space, making the Tesla S model’s interior quite unconventional.

🚘 Don’t know what TESLA is… In Physics Class we learned about the Tesla, but it wasn’t an unbelievable Electric Automobile. The video clip directly below is a demonstration of the Model-S getting a "battery-swap" at Service Centers to have this capability in 2015.

http://www.teslamotors.com/batteryswap

🚘 Don’t know what TESLA is… In Physics Class we learned about the Tesla Coil, a high-voltage frequency generator. The Tesla Coil is one of Nikola Tesla’s most famous invention in 1891.



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> Calorie Count for 3-meals
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