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KEYSTONE PipeLine ~ Everything You Want to Know – But were Afraid to Ask ~ A Tell ALL Story Provides the FACTS rather than the Political Speak ~ Plus a Few Words on Climate Change πŸŒπŸŒπŸŒπŸŒπŸŒπŸŒπŸŒ

January 25, 2015

KEYSTONE PipeLine: Do you want to know what’s going on, however have been Afraid to Ask, because of the emotional responses from the politicalization of this issue.

I’m delivering what is believed to be a “Tell ALL Story” providing FACTS rather than PPP, Partisan Political Puffery. PPP on both sides, tend to exaggerate certain elements of the discussion and select narrow statistical samples to make partisan political points, even if the results are illogical, giving erroneous conclusions.

🌐 Currently, President Obama recently (April, 2014) announced another delay with his approval for the construction of Keystone XL, a pipeline that will safely bring crude-oil sourced in Canada to our US refineries, even though the State Department has given its clearance for Keystone in five separate reports.

🌐 It’s no major insight to say that Obama’s decision was purely about politics. Specifically his desire to placate green-interests still caught up in what liberals call a “global warming” delusion. Its been reported that several “green” contributors have pledged $100 million to Democratic Senate Mid-term candidates in effort to help their re-election in November, 2014. Wow, if there ever was a reason to not re-elect a candidate, this is it.

🌐 Another case of “Forget whats best for the Country.” Apparently politics is more important than the 40,000 jobs that the Keystone Pipeline would create to fabricate the Pipes & Valves, plus the efficiency, safety, and speed of piping Oil rather than truck and rail south to the refineries in Louisiana and Texas, regardless of the party who’s bowing to the wishes of the special-interests.

🌐 It may be said that the pipeline should be built. Private businesses should be reasonably free to act in ways without unnecessary Federal government interference, assuming reasonable measures for public safety. That any presidential administration can block a private commercial project, approved by State Legislature(s) speaks to problems well beyond the delay of this pipeline. This should concern anyone who cares about growth, generally the result of economic freedom.

🌐 Let’s mention that the US already contains over 185,000 miles of existing OIL Pipelines, where the Keystone pipeline of some 2000 miles represents a 1.08% increase in this infrastructure. Plus let’s not forget that there are about 2,200,000 miles Natural Gas pipelines all over the US providing refined petroleum energy for heating, cooking, automotive, and other industrial uses.

🌐 Do the Math: How does 2000 miles of the new Keystone pipeline measures-up against the existing 2,385,000 miles of petroleum pipelines of crude and refined products: 2000 miles of new pipeline divided by 2.385 million miles of existing infrastructure, equates to an Increase of +0.0838% to the existing US pipelines infrastructure, (Yes, that’s 8 hundredths of One Percent).

🌐 All that said while the politicians and the partisans are arguing for or against the Keystone pipeline
(1) there have been more than 10,000 miles of other US Pipelines constructed, while this is being argued
(2) there’s a lot of mythology and misguided emotion informing the pro-Keystone and con-Keystone sides of the debate
(3) Just as the global warming crowd has hurt its credibility with its absurd claims about our developed-world that will soon be “under water” absent a substantial reduction of carbon emissions
(4) likewise the Keystone advocates weaken their case with overdone talk about the wonders of the pipeline.

🌐 Let’s speak of the notion that oil and its byproducts are bad for the earth. Let’s not forget, oil is of the earth, ancient, prehistoric plant and animal remains buried millions of years ago below its surface; so it’s silly to act as though it’s harmful to Earth, as it’s part of Earth.

🌐 As to carbon emissions and their environmental impact… the truth is, human-caused global warming and the supposed perils of it, remain a theory as opposed to fact. To make an environmental case for Keystone of this kind is to lend credence to unproven theories that spread falsehoods.

🌐 I learned years ago, being trained in petroleum-chemistry and fractional-distillation of hydrocarbons, each earthly Volcanic eruption spews more toxins in Earth’s atmosphere, than 100 years worth of Human interventions, our use of Oil, Gasoline for industry, automobiles, SUV’s, trucks, aircraft and trains.

🌐 In the early 1970’s the anti-industry folks were screaming of “Global Cooling” where our planet will no longer be capable of growing crops and we’d all starve. Notice the Magazine Covers of that period. Sooner or Later the American Public will wakeup and smell the SB these Politicians are spewing.

🌐 Did you ever wonder why many University Doctorates opine to some of these theories of Global Warming in the face of years of very Cold, record setting cold temperatures… the answer is rests in a Five letter word: GRANT, as in Government Grants.

🌐 If the government wants a PhD to testify or opine in a petition, confirming the existing talking-point of global warming, the University Faculty member is encouraged to do so or risk loosing that Grant ($80 million government grant to study the life-cycle of a yellow spotted beetle, for example).

🌐 What’s the Alternative, Trains: Here is what can happen when Oil is transported by Rain: Platts confirmed CSX Corporation’s train that exploded in Lynchburg, Virginia was carrying sweet crude obtained via hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”) in North Dakota’s Bakken Shale basin. CSX CEO Michael Ward has also confirmed this to Bloomberg.

🌐 Sources said the train was carrying Bakken crude from North Dakota and was headed to Plains All American’s terminal in Yorktown,” Platts explained. “The Yorktown facility can unload 130,000 Drums( 55 Gallon Drums) of crude and is located on the site of Plains oil product terminal.”

🌐 In January, the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration issued a Safety Alert concluding Bakken crude is more flammable than heavier oils. Hence the term “bomb trains.” However, any train containing 50 to 100 Tank-Cars holding 34,500 gallons of unrefined flammable petrochemicals containing a variety of Toxins, representing 3,450,000 gallons.

🌐 Exxon Valdez oil spill occurred in Prince William Sound, Alaska, on March 24, 1989, when Exxon Valdez, an oil tanker bound for Long Beach, California, struck Prince William Sound’s Bligh Reef at 12:04am local time and spilled roughly 260,000 barrels of crude oil over several days. For reference 260,000 barrels of crude oil equates to 14.3 million gallons. It is considered to be one of the most devastating human-caused environmental disasters.

🌐 Captain Joseph Hazelwood, reported to have been drinking heavily that night, was not at the controls when the ship struck the reef. Investigative reporter Greg Palast stated in 2008, “Forget the drunken skipper fable. As to Captain Joe Hazelwood, he was below decks, sleeping off his bender. At the helm, the third mate never would have collided with Bligh Reef had he looked at his RAYCAS radar. However the RADAR was Not turned on. Sadly the tanker’s radar was broken and disabled for more than a year.

🌐 Think about it, millions of gallons of highly flammable, toxic unrefined petrochemicals running through thousands of miles of rural and major US cities every day, at risk of accident, if one Fool parks a Car or Truck on the RxR track, causing tens of thousands or millions of gallons of Crude poisoning the Air and Aquifer.

🌐 At least 50,000 gallons, probably underestimated as each tank-car holds 34,500 gallons of fuel, of the oil headed to Yorktown are now spilled and burning, according to ABC 13 in Lynchburg. Some of it has spilled into the James River, as previously reported on DeSmogBlog. A maps available on CSX’s website (and in this article) displaying the routes for its crude-by-rail trains offers a clear indication of where the train was headed.

🌐 For the record, a typical US DOT-111 tank car, CTC-111A in Canada, is an unpressurized tank-car used in North America. Tanks built to this specification must be circular in cross section, with elliptical, formed heads set convex outward, requiring a metallic-plate thickness of 7⁄16 inch (11.1 mm) and a maximum capacity of 34,500 US gallons (131,000 liters). Tanks may be constructed of carbon steel, aluminum alloy, high alloy steel or nickel plated steel assembled by fusion welding.

🌐 The Bottom Line: OIL will continue to be imported from Canada, at levels representing about 42% of US total imports every day, Canada being the largest US import source. Presently, Canadian Crude Oil is transported by Truck and Rail through hundreds of rural and urban Cities every day, in route to the major refineries in Louisiana and Texas. The safest way to transport these flammable and toxic materials is by Pipeline.

🌐 Careful evaluation of the Risks of Transportation of Hazardous Materials have been summarized by ROAD, RAILWAY, and PIPELINE. The graphic below shows the Level of Incidents using a common mathematical unit of Billion of Ton-Mile Shipment, a unit standardized by the US Department of Transportation. In sum this study conducted for a five year period from 2005 through 2009 shows that Toxic Fuels transported by

(A) ROAD Incident Value of 19.95
(B) RAILWAY Incident Value of 2.08
(C) PIPELINE Incident Value of 0.58

🌐 Risks of Transportation of Hazardous Materials have been summarized by ROAD, RAILWAY, and PIPELINE, interpreting the results of the 5 year study ending 2009. Let’s make the comparisons using ROAD highest incident method of transportation. Since transporting toxic, flammable hydrocarbons by Road has the highest incident rate, we will use 19.95 as the value in making comparisons

(A) ROAD Incident Value of 19.95 represents the value used in making comparisons

(B) RAILWAY Incident Value of 2.08 represents 10.4% of the number of ROAD incidents

(C) PIPELINE Incident Value of 0.58 represents 2.9% of the number ROAD incidents

🌐 Risks of Transportation of Hazardous Materials have been summarized by ROAD, RAILWAY, and PIPELINE, interpreting the results of the 5 year study ending 2009. Let’s invert the comparisons using PIPELINE, the lowest incident method of transportation. Since transporting toxic, flammable hydrocarbons by PIPELINE has the Lowest incident rate, we will use 0.58 as the value in making comparisons

(A) ROAD Incident Value of 19.95 represents 3440% more incidents than PIPELINE incidents

(B) RAILWAY Incident Value of 2.08 represents 359% greater incidents of PIPELINE incidents

(C) PIPELINE Incident Value of 0.58 represents the value used in making comparisons

🌐 In sum, one would think that the Environmentalists would be carrying Signs promoting Keystone, by far the Safest method for transporting Crude Oil. Rather than forcing the continued use of substantially higher risk methods of transporting crude to Texas.

🌐 Knowing the Environmentalists would prefer No use of Oil and Gasoline, converting to Solar and Wind is not a realistic immediate alternative. Converting an industrialized civilization from Oil and Gasoline will take many decades to accomplish. However, in the mean time, lets be as safe as possible in transporting Crude Oil within America.



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